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G.R. No. 1876 September 30, 1905 - UNITED STATES v. SMITH BELL & COMPANY<br /><br />005 Phil 85 : SEPTEMBER 1905 - PHILIPPIN…

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Philippine Supreme Court Jurisprudence > Year 1905 > September 1905 Decisions > G.R. No. 1876 September 30, 1905 - UNITED STATES v. SMITH BELL & COMPANY

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[G.R. No. 1876. September 30, 1905. ]

THE UNITED STATES, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. SMITH BELL & COMPANY, Defendant-Appellee.

Solicitor-General Araneta, for Appellant.

Pillsbury & Sutro, for Appellee.

SYLLABUS

1. ADMIRALTY; ACTION FOR DAMAGES AS RESULT OF COLLISION. — An action for the recovery of loss and damages arising from the collision of boats engaged in traffic upon the waters of the Philippine Archipelago, can not be admitted if a sworn statement or declaration is not presented within twenty-four

hours to competent authority of the point where the collision took place or of the first port of arrival of the vessel. (Art. 835, Commercial Code.) This statutory rules applies even though the injury was done to

a boat operated by the Government.

D E C I S I O N

JOHNSON, J. :

This was an action by the plaintiff against the defendant, brought in the Court of First Instance of the city of Manila, to recover the sum of $1,600, United States currency, for damages occasioned to the Navy boat Barcelo on the 6th day of November, 1902, at about 11 o’clock, p.m., on the said day, near the mouth of the Pasig River, by a collision with a casco that was then and there being towed by the launch Alexandra. The launch Alexandra is the property of the defendant.

The inferior court found that the defendant had not complied with the rules of navigation in Manila Bay,

in that it failed to display lights in accordance with such regulations, and that, by reason of such failure,

the collision and consequent damages occurred. This findings of fact by the court below, there being no

motion for a new trial, is conclusive.

The defendant, in the court below, claimed that the plaintiff could and recover in the action, for the reason that it had not complied with the provisions of the Code of Commerce, relying particularly upon article 835 of the same. Article 835 provides: "The action for the recovery of loss and damages arising from collisions can not be admitted if a sworn statement or declaration is not presented within twenty-

four hours to competent authority of the point where the collision took place, or that of the first port of

arrival

of

the

vessel." cralaw virtua1aw library

The plaintiff claimed that this provision of the Commercial Code did not apply to it. We are all of the opinion that the quoted provision of the Commercial Code applies to all persons engaged in traffic upon the waters of the Philippine Archipelago; that the defendant has as much right to insist upon compliance with this provision of the code where the damages were done to a boat operated by the Government as if such boat had been operated by a private individual or company. This provision of the Commercial Code, requiring protest to be made and presented to the proper authority within twenty-four hours after the

12/14/2017

G.R. No. 1876 September 30, 1905 - UNITED STATES v. SMITH BELL & COMPANY<br /><br />005 Phil 85 : SEPTEMBER 1905 - PHILIPPIN…

/>005 Phil 85 : SEPTEMBER 1905 - PHILIPPIN… September-1905 Jurisprudence G.R. No. 1572 September 1, 1905
/>005 Phil 85 : SEPTEMBER 1905 - PHILIPPIN… September-1905 Jurisprudence G.R. No. 1572 September 1, 1905
/>005 Phil 85 : SEPTEMBER 1905 - PHILIPPIN… September-1905 Jurisprudence G.R. No. 1572 September 1, 1905

September-1905 Jurisprudence

collision, or after the arrival of the injured boat in port, is a prerequisite to the bringing of an action for damages. By having failed to comply with this provisions of the Commercial Code it can not maintain this action for damages.

It is therefore adjudged and ordered that the decision of the inferior court be affirmed, and that the defendant recover of the plaintiff his costs in this action, and at the expiration of twenty days judgment should be entered in accordance herewith, and the cause remanded to the court below for execution of said judgment. So ordered.

Arellano, C.J., Torres, Mapa and Carson, JJ., concur.

Willard, J., did not sit in this case.

JJ. , concur. Willard, J. , did not sit in this case. Back to Home |

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1905 - PETRONILA VALERA v. SEVERINO PURUGGANAN 004 Phil 719 G.R. No. 1837 September 5, QUIROS

No.

5,

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722 1905 - ESTEBAN Main Indices of the Library ---> Go! G.R. No. 1889 September 5,