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According to a press release from the Philippine National Police Anti-

Cybercrime Group (PNP ACG), a total of 1,211 cybercrime complaints were

filed with them from 2013-2015. The top five complaints received were online
scams (366), online libel (240), online threats (129), identity theft (127), and
photo and video voyeurism (89).

There are 44 million Internet users in the Philippines as of 2014, said the PNP
ACG, citing digital discovery engine Factbrowser. The users spend an
average of 18.6 hours per week (around 2.6 hours per day) online.

The PNP ACG also released a list of Do’s and Don’ts that Internet users need
to keep in mind while they surf the Internet to avoid being victimized.
The number of cybercrime complaints has increased over the past 3 years, with online libel,
online scams, and identity theft being the most common complaints

MANILA, Philippines – From 2013 to 2015, online scams consistently topped the list of
most common cybercrimes reported to the Philippine National Police-Anti-Cybercrime
Group (PNP-ACG).

But in 2016 – a year of heated political debates that also took place in cyberspace –
online libel emerged as the top complaint of Filipino internet users, with 494 complaints
recorded compared to 311 recorded in 2015. It comprised 26.49% of the 1,865
cybercrime complaints for 2016.

Meanwhile, online scam complaints came in at second place, with 444 complaints in
2016, up from the 334 complaints recorded in 2015.

Rounding up the top 5 complaints were identity theft, online threats, and violation of the
anti-photo and video voyeurism act.

The number of complaints on online threats, online scams, and identity theft has also
been increasing since 2013, based on data from the PNP-ACG.

From double-digit figures in 2013, the numbers have been steadily rising to 3-digit
figures until last year.

Common modus

According to PNP-ACG Assistant Chief PSupt Jay Guillermo, online threats and libel
complaints mostly make use of social media sites like Facebook and Twitter. But threats
made using cellular phones, like the “gun for hire” modus operandi reported in recent
months, also fall under their scope of investigation.

In this extortion scheme, a caller purports to be a hired assassin tapped to kill the victim
and his family.

The alleged killer would then supposedly have a change of heart and would offer to call
off the operation if the victim pays up.

To some victims, the caller sounds believable because he would often have personal
information on the victim to back up his claims. But Guillermo pointed out that this
information could be easily obtained online.
On social media, Guillermo said those who reported receiving online threats also tend to
know the person harassing them, having been in a previous relationship or involved in
some degree of affinity.

Difficulty in getting evidence

How long does it take to investigate cybercrime complaints? According to Guillermo, the
process differs on a case-to-case basis, and can also be dependent on the evidence
gathered by investigators.

This is why complaints involving money – such as in online scams – and those with
photographic evidence – such as photo and video voyeurism – tend to be easier to
solve because of the wealth of evidence that could be obtained.

Online threat complaints can take months, such as in the case of climate action
advocate Renee Karunungan. In May last year, she filed 34 complaints against social
media users who harassed her online because she wrote a post critical of then-
presidential candidate Rodrigo Duterte.

Karunungan received hate messages on her Facebook account, with strangers wishing
death on her and her loved ones, and some even threatening rape. (READ: 'Sana ma-
rape ka': Netizens bully anti-Duterte voter)

Eight months since the cases were filed, however, Karunungan said the cases remain
under investigation.

For online threats and online libel, Guillermo said evidence-gathering tends to be
difficult without help from telecommunications companies and internet service providers

“In investigating online threats, we can't get details from telcos. Especially if [the phones
used are] prepaid, it’s very hard to get information,” Guillermo said.

ISPs too do not readily provide information without a court order. But to get a court
order, police would first need evidence to back up their request.

“In terms of cooperation with telcos and ISPs, we don’t have a positive reply, they’re
always asking for a court order. But the requirement for a court order is having evidence
before filing a case,” Guillermo said.

What it takes
Despite this, Guillermo said cyber cops still have their own ways of investigating leads.
In cases of child pornography, for instance, Guillermo said the PNP gets tips from
foreign intelligence networks.

Securing digital evidence is also a challenge for the police, since it’s easy to delete
incriminating posts and messages. While victims can provide screenshots of their
conversations, Guillermo said investigators must do the evidence-gathering so that
these would be admissible in court.

Unknown attacker taunts Chinese hacker group

Clifford Trigo July 5, 2015 Cyber Crime, Defacement Leave a comment 2,824 Views

Earlier this week, the official website of Philippine Public Safety College ( ppsc.gov.ph ) was defaced by a
Chinese hacker group. Google Cache captured the defacement on July 2.
The defacers claimed to be part of a Chinese hacker group, 1937CN. They then left a message depicting
that the cyber attack was fueled by the ongoing dispute with Philippines and China over West Philippine
They also strongly stressed that they do not like President Pnoy Aquino. “We Do Not Like Aquino,” one of
their message reads.

Currently, a few days after the defacement, the PPSC website now displays another message
which taunts the Chinese hackers.

“1937CN are noobs,” an unknown attacker writes with n other information about his identity.

Last April 2015, Unified hackers have attacked and defaced several Chinese government, educational
and commercial websites.

Man who scam about 100 million worth of load

Clifford Trigo May 9, 2015 Cyber Crime Leave a comment 3,892 Views

A man from Manila was arrested recently for allegedly scamming of about 100 million in airtime credits.
Dubbed as the king of text scam in Philippines, his scheme was to mass text random users and pretend
as a friend or relative to get load credits from various mobile networks.

According to GMA News’ “24 Oras,” the National Bureau of Investigation raided the house of suspected
scammer recognized as Roan Sia who is also using the alias of Mark Tan.

As part of the scheme, Sia will then encash the airtime credit using the mobile phone money transactions
of the telecommunication company.

Another man was also arrested during the raid while delivering wifi modems to Sia’s house. Those
devices have modified connection settings to illegaly browse the internet for free.

The scammer is now facing large scale estafa and a violation of the Access Device Act.