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Virginia Evans re ta Tt | RUC Relist PAN DUD aT ISNT Student's Book 9 = aw CS Read the text extremely carefully in order to distinguish between apparently similar viewpoints, outcomes or reasons. oS STI HAE 8 4 5 16 v7 18 19 ‘What did the writer learn while researching a historical figure as a teenager? ‘A. There was a surprising amount of information available. B It was not possible to take everything she read as fact. It was difficult to interpret the true meaning of what she read, D Itwas necessary to consult a wide range of sources. What does ‘that requirement’ in line 21 refer to? A the reader's response to a writer's subject, B the correct choice of subject © the commercial appeal of the book D the writer's abtity to communicate their enthusiasm What did Mark Bonham-Carter believe about the writer's choice of subject? A Her long-standing interest in it may ensure her book's success. B It did not guarantee her book’s success. © There are already too many books writen on it, D twas a wise choice for her first biography. Tho main point that the writer is making in the fourth paragraph is that A a biography is more likely to be successful i it contains new information. B researchers must be careful to check all facts thoroughly research material can include inaccurate information. D extensive reading is crucially important, What warning does the writer give to biographers about unpublished documents? A They are difficutt to obtain as their discovery is down to chance. B Their overall significance to the book must be carefully considered. © Their use could result in diminished commercial success for a book, D It should not be assumed that they are authentio. ‘An example of an ‘anachronistic judgement’ (line 64) that the writer gives is A not being able to imagine oneself living in the sixteenth century, B being uninformed about sixteenth century customs and practices, © viewing the sixteenth century from a twenty-first century perspective, focusing only on the negative side of lfe in the sixteenth century, In the article as a whole, the writer implies that her main motivation for becoming an historical biographer was the chance to A carry out extensive research B_ become immersed in history. © discover unpublished documents D establish historical truth PART 4 Exam, Tips You are going to read some reviews of wildlife books. For questions 20-34, choose from the reviews (A-G). The reviews may be chosen more than once. the key words so ‘ — In which review are the following mentioned? exactly what YOU are > feeiings of inadequacy in relation to others 20 | Read the questions oo first and underline p>-——— = ] looking for in the the fact that the reviewer does not apologise for selecting the book at | ( - ‘an author's successful exploration of the most central aspects of a matter = the successful portrayal of an instinctive connection 26 an ignorance of deeper meanings, which later became apparent the book provokes a reaction even if readers’ opinions differ from those of the author's, 30 fan assurance that knowledge acquired will enhance a reader's as appreciation of nature multiple descriptions of the same thing “44 Malcolm Tait, editor of Going, Going, Gone?, an illustrated ‘compilation of 100 animals and plants in danger of extinction, reviews his favourite wildlife books, ‘A: Nature Cure by Richard Mabey I the best wildlife writing reveals a8 much about the writer asthe wile itself, then ths isthe best of them all Mabey is brutally frank and honest about his own lif, his depression, and is fear that nature may no longer old the answers fr him. The more he tiesto engage with tthe more disconnected from the world he fess, But the book charts his path out of despair, as he finds a way 10 let nature back in and fire up the wild bis of his imagination. Its a fascinating, book, written in Mabey’s tchly evocative language, and i's painful too: probably the best understanding of “biopila, mankind's innate relationship with nature, out there B: The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling Kipling, | think, was where much of it hegan for me. | adored his animal tales as a lad, such as the idiosyncratic, rocking-cait-by- thesfreside fables of the Just So- Stories and the heroic and suspensesfilled Rikk-tikki-tavi. But it was The Jungle Book that really gripped me, a rite of passage yarn in which the vicissitudes of life were represented by the forces of nature, OF course, 1 didn't understand al this a the time — {just loved reading about Baloo, Bagheera and all and singing along to the songs of the Disney version — but | now realise that | grew up with Mowgli, and that 've been going back to the jungle ever since, C: How to be a Bad Birdwatcher by Simon Bames You know te fetng: youre reading a hook, and 2s you tum every page yourre nodding in agreement, si the writer has popped into your head and commited your own thoughts to paper. This is one Of those books. I's about being a normal birdwatche, reasonably knowledgeable, constantly passionate, but often abit confuse a to ‘what you've seen or heard, and withthe vague feling that everyone ‘se you'e with knows so much more. I’ the hock for those of us ‘who find birdwatching pleasurable, not competitive, and it’ terbly funny to boot. | aways smile, now, when see a sparrowhawk. | urge OU 0 read this book to find out why. : Field Guide to the Dragonflies and Damselflies of Great Britain and Northern Ireland by Steve Brooks and Richard Lewington You can't have list of wildlife books without including a guide book. ve gone for this excellent litle number, partly because i's clearly writen and well laid out, pally because i's superbly illustrated, but mainly because a whole new world has opened up for me since buying it If you've never looked closely at nature before, this book will set you in the right direction, and 1 luarantee that as you get to know these fascinating creatures youll have new marvels to understand and enjoy every time you take a summer walk en the. [iid Gide aR E: The Future of life by EO Wilson Here's fascinating book which is a great example of conservation-based writing, The ecological debate will abvays rage on — should mankind continue to experiment with new sclences and discoveries, or ae we destroying our world and ‘ourselves in the process — and Wilson gets to the heart of the arguments superbly, criven by a constant lave ofthe animals with which we share the planet. Agree with him or not, he’s a stimulating writer and this sa stimulating book. F: The World’s Vanishing Animals by Cyril Littlewood and DW Ovenden ‘An unashamedly nostalgic. choice. Published in two volumes (mammals and birds) in 1969, this was my introduction to the idea that extinction wasnt just for dinosaurs and dodos. | used to Pore over Denys Ovenden’s illustrations of familar polar bears ‘and black rhinos, and less familiar takahes and nyalas, and ‘wonder whether I could do anything to help. Published by the Wildife Youth Service, part of Peter Scott's WWF, it was aca to action for young folk. Trouble is, we haven't full listened to it The book's dustjacket records that ahout 1,000 animal species were faced with extinction at time of publication: today, the World Conservation Union's Red List of animals about which to be concerned contains over 16,000 entries G: The Peregrine by JA Baker The last in my lists, perhaps oddly, a book | haven't yet read. ve included it because I've only recently heard about it, I can’t wait to read it and | don't see why | can‘t find something new in this list, as well as you. By all accounts, the book isa reminder of the wildness of England (it was published in 1967), and a tour de force of language as Baker explains over and over again, yet srippingly and compellingly, the daily hunts of a local falcon, Sounds superb, TING. PART 1 (7 hour 30 mins) ‘You must answer this question, Write your answer in 180-220 words in an appropriate Exam Ti style Both parts of Paper 2 You are a student at an Intemational school. The principal of the school is fooking for a take the same ‘venue for this year's end-o!-term party and has asked you to write a proposal suggesting number of marks, so a suitable one. id th iovath sn Read the memo below, on which you have made some notes, the notes you made after hearing students’ comments about last year’s party and the advertisements for two possible oe venues. Then, using the information appropriately, write your proposal for the principal, explaining why you think a different venue should be chosen this year, recommending one of the venues in the advertisements and explaining why it may cost more this year. : Memo : >) Thankyou for agreeing to help with the organisation of this year’s enel-of-ferm party, Coll you tell me what the students thought a,c) SS of last near's party? Could we ve the Same a Saas vewe again this year? Or perhaps one of the . ote ee attached * not enough food - only well be more suitable? Ye, probably dette c {give reasons), © hotel Du's music unoriginal Ako, do you think that any ations frances «© ‘movie stars’ theme © willbe required for this year's event? sucessful © Trane agin * hotel venue a bit € 2 formalimpersonal fe eter anna | c (School Principal) | \ We Zh Need a venue for a reception, 1 | conference ot party? | i | | Daradise Club Beachside Nightclub & Restaurant We. offer hot or cold buffet, resident D4, spetil price for early bookings ‘Available for hire now for new "Hawaiian fparbeque’ night. Live band on reduest Call us on 5984857 Write your proposal. You should use your own words as far as possible. 16 + PART 2 3> Write an answer to one of the ofthe questions 2-5 in this part Write your answer in 220-260 Pon der LCL i : Make sure you have covered al the points from the question in your anewer 2. You see the following announcement in a music magazine: Ca uaie es. ALL AROUND! We are researching for a special feature for our magazine about the influence music has on individuals and on society. If yoit are interested in helping us, please write to us answering the following questions: © How important is music in your life? ‘* How does music influence the world ONE lama in which we live? Tl aah ai Pee alah © What would the world be like without music? Write your competition entry. 3 An international travel magazine has asked its readers to send in a review of two Popular tourist attractions in their country. Write your review in which you compare the {wo attractions, describing what each has to offer and saying which one you would recommend for a family with children and why. Write your review. Sur Future World We are planning to publish a new book about technology and its role in the future of our world. IF you would lke to contribute to the book, write to us, telling us in what main ways you think technology wil change our world in the nex! fifty. yeors what the advantages and disadvantages of these changes will be. Write your contribution to the book. { 5. Answer one of the following two questions based on one of the books you have read. (a) Write a review of the book for your college magazine saying why people should or shouldn't read it. | (b) Choose one character in the book and write an essay about how this person ‘changes in the book and why. 7 18 PART 1 (7 hour) Exam pg > For questions 1-12, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C or D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). Remember that all four options could 0 A method @®process ¢ way D procedure be similar in meaning, but only cone can be used in Example: [0 B 9a the context RAINMAKING ‘The (@) .. PFOCESS...of making rain is simpler than you might think. As warm, moisture-laden air (1) from the surface of the eart, it cools and some of the air 2) into tiny droplets that eventually become clouds. These droplets form around the mieroscopicpartiles such as dust and smoke which are (3) --in the The science of weather modification is now big (4) Using radar and sensitive equipment that ° atmospheric changes, weather modifiers fly above or below the clouds and spray them with billions of ‘minute particles known as seeding agents. These particles either fill into clouds or are wafted into thom from befow by warm © ‘Trey then ‘attract’ tiny water droplets which (7) around each one ‘When enough droplets are attached, precipitation — the third and final (8) in the process which returns water (othe earth's surface ~ occurs, and it rains. Itmay take as many as a million droplets to form a single raindrop. Ifthe clouds contain ice xytas the results are similar, but now snow will form insteal of ran. (Current weather manipulation technology only allows scientists to ‘encourage’ a cloud that is (9) heavy to produce rain, Some more ambitious scientists (10) aa day when they will be able to (11) rain from blue skies, but this is still in the far (12) vow future, 1A grows B raises © its D tises 2 A condenses B evaporates transforms D gathers 3 A gliding B fying € floating D hanging 48 commerce B industry C trade D business 5 A takes off B picks up © catches on D puts across 6 A flows B draughts © currents D tides 7 A gather B fasten © converge D stick 8 A division B stage © period D level 9 A sufficiently B specifically © splendidly D satisfactorily 10 A forecast B prophesy © guess D foresee 11 A manufacture ——B supply © conjure D reveal 42 A detached B distant © isolated D remote Exam ding Bear in mind the general sense of the passage in order to decide what the missing words are. Some of them may fit grammatically, but may not make sense in the context. i PART 2 For questions 13-37, read the text below and think of the word which best fits each gap. Use only one word in each gap. There is an example at the beginning (0). Example: [0 TO 0. NILE RIVER ‘The Nile allowed the first Egyptians (0) £2. settle successfully inthe otherwise very dry part of North Africa, The great river provided a dependable source a3) ater that was used for everything from irrigation, transport, cooking drinking, hunting and fishing (14) waste disposal, (18) oa river, Eaypt would have been no more than an unforgiving desert. Instead, it became the most fertile fand in the whole Mediterranean, a6) . to its postion and many natural resources, Egypt was able to remain an independent country for 3,000 years. 17) oe the deserts were used for their valuable minerals, they were uninhabitable The narrowness of the bets of fertile land on a. -wos Side ofthe Nile prevented expansion (9). : the east or west. Villages were situated 2D) ore the river 21) beads on a thread. Agriculture in ancient Egypt relied completely on the annual flooding between July and October. (22) -wsmnan fod waters cleaned the land and lad down a thick layer of highly fertile silt. 23) an added bonus, fish were left in the fields 24) asa sno the water levels had fallen, and they were dried and smoked for future consumption. ‘As Egypt relied totally on the Nile its 23) : surprising tha the water level was closely watched at (26) ears times. Too high, and the ‘water would flood the towns; too low, and there would be food shortages, unrest, and perhaps (27)... swe the downfall of a dynasty. its @ 20 PART 3 Exam dipg> For questions 28-37, read the text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some ofthe lines to form a word that fi in the gap in the same line. There is an example at the First identify what part beginning (0). of speech is given as a prompt word and then think about what sort of change(s) you need to make, Example: [0 | EXPANSION | _0__| ST HILDA’S COLLEGE Teaching Vacancies. Due to the (0) ...eXPANSION. of our sixth form department, we are currently recruiting teachers with a(n) (28)... in ‘A’ level Physical Education, Psychology, Law or Italian, or a (29) : of these. St Hilda's College is a(n) (80) . . day school for girls with a mission to provide high-quality (31) ..... education to pupils aged eleven to eighteen Applicants should, have a(n) (82) .snmsusnnenneneean Wack record in teaching at ‘A’ level, although we would also welcome applications from (83) on qualified teachers. Experience in the development and delivery of (84) snow Gurficulum programmes would be & distinct advantage. Itis highly (85) that applicants should be self-starters as well as team players and (36) enews 10 Participate in extra- curricular activities. For further information and an application form, please contact Mrs Jessica Beaumont on: 0208-427-7721. The (37) date for applications is May 15th, EXPAND. SPECIAL, COMBINE DEPEND SECOND PROVE NEW INNOVATE DESIRE WILL, Close Exam Tips? @ Read sentences very carefully because there will be clues regarding meaning and word class. PART 4 For questions 38-42 think of one word only which can be used appropriately in all three sentences, Here is an example (0). 0 She commented that it was about....... ime, the house. People’s eating habits have drastically changed over We took ......Al ... to stop and admire the view on our journey. . She started helping more around time. Example: | 0 TIME — 38 | can’t buy any new clothes at the moment; I'm completely The vase .... after the cat knocked it off the shel. Tim lost everything when his company went .... 99 EVENtUAlly it eseesianenn Out 19 be a beautiful day, Brian .. to his father for support after his terrible accident. Sorty about your T-shi .« green in the wash! 40 Sally wasn't... .. whether she would be going to the party or not. | expected John to call me that night aNd... @NOUgh, he did. Be to lock the door when you leave the house. 41 Apparently, Jim and Mary's house is ... twice what it was when they bought it. He told her that it wasn't getting so upset over something so small. The storm caused thousands of pounds’ . of damage to people's homes. 42. The noise had been getting on Samantha's Tom often goes jogging to calm his presentation. He damaged some of the ... all morning. . before making a in his hand in the accident. 2 Exam cTii “22 @ your idea doesn't fit naturally into 3-6 words, don't force it. Its probably wrong. For questions 43-50 complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use belween three and six words, including the word given. Here is an example (0) 0 He always gives the impression that he’s very confident. ACROSS He always ... Example: | 0 | COMES ACROSS AS BEING) = 0 — 45 a7 48. 49 50 very confident. 'm sure Sarah didn't mean to hurt your feelings. INTENTION I'm sure Sarah your feelings, Andrew's behaviour was unforgivable. EXCUSE There's ... so Andrew behaved, We need the public’s support for the project to work. SUCCEED Whether the project public's support. on the usually drink a cup of coffee first thing in the morning HABIT lam .. @ cup of coffee first thing in the morning. ‘Why don’t you go to the dentist's, Steve?” said his wife. SUGGESTED Steve's wife to the dentist's. Could you please pass me my book? KIND Would ..... as to pass me my book? There isn't much chance that Sue will win the race. PROSPECTS Ce + Quite slim. Ken's lies completely deceived me. TAKEN ie ..- Ken’s lies. 56 Exam, dip Read through the ‘questions very carefully before you listen and think about what you are being asked to listen for e.g. the speaker's purpose, attitudes & opinions or what two speakers agree on le =| | |. L PART 1. (Approximately 40 minutes) ‘You will hear three citferent extracts, For questions 1-6, choose the answer (A, B or C) which fis best aggording to what you hear. There are two questions for each extract. ‘You hear two people on a radio programme talking about a new film with the actor Greg Vanderbit in it 1. What is the woman's opinion of Greg Vanderbil’s role in the firm? A She thinks it shows how adaptable he is as an actor. B Sho believes it reflects his true talent. © She wonders i he was wrongly cast. What do the two speakers agree about? A the originality of the script B the unpredictability of the ending © the complexity of the plot | EXTRACT 2 ‘You hear part of an interview with a former athlete called Jenny Price, | 3 Why did Jenny give up her athletic career? A She felt it was the right move at the right time. B She was keen to futfill another ambition, © She had sustained too many Regarding the way she exercises now, Jenny feels A somewhat anxious about putting on weight. B content with a gentler, more private kind of workout. committed to staying as ft and healthy as she was. EXTRACT 3 a You hear a radio discussion in which two writers are talking about their careers. 5. What does the man say about the short stories he used to write? A. They were not intended for a wide audience. B They weren't well received by the critics. © They helped to kick-start his career. ‘What do the two speakers agree about? A Their success as novelists is mainly down to lucky breaks. B Other jobs have given them valuable experience. © Their income as writers is not dependable. 2B 24 a i PART 2 You'll hear an artist called Freya Norton talking about her work. For questions 7-14, Exam Tip! complete the sentences. ‘You will be able to read and listen to the instructions. They wil give you a good idea of the ‘context ofthe recorded information and also explain the listening task. / ABSTRACT | o | CARTIST gue = [ Freya recalls that at schoo! not only did she enjoy the art class but she also 7 | there. Seeing 8 | with painted bodies reminds “Freya of an incident that happened in her art class. y The artist Rot Haris’ 9 | was a great inspiration to Freya |) Freyatels of a musician who based his 10 | on paintings by | Edward Hopper. ||, Freya says that she fees that her 11 J is like a retreat that she can |) escape to 4 Freya says that she has been using 12 |, namely wax and sand, in her most recent work. Freya tells us that her parents are no longer 13] about her living the fife ofan artist She says that it was a(n) 14 | that changed her parents’ perception of her career. weS RA PART 3 gxom Tipg ‘You will hear part of a radio interview in which a travel writer, Owen Grifiths, is talking about fant esses his cfteer. For questions 15-20, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which fits best according to what you hear. answer based on an isolated word, Read tence and hte 18 Why does Owen feel well suited to a career as a travel writer? make sure you ; understand the A He believes he has the desire and determination to succeed. overall meaning. B He finds it easy to adjust to living in different places. C He feels he has both the right character and skills, D He doesn't feel ready to settle down in one place. 16 Why did Owen work for a newspaper after leaving university? A to gain writing experience B to follow in his mother’s footsteps © to finance his novel writing D to please his parents 17 Why was Owen's first travel piece published? A The paper had been planning a piece on that region. B He was the only writer able to meet the deadline. € tsolved a problem for his boss. D His boss wanted to reward him. 18 According to Owen, what quality must a travel piece possess? A It needs a balance between information and opinion. B thas to appeal to all readers of the newspaper. € Itshould be constructed like a short story. D Itmust convey the writer's enthusiasm for the place. 19. What criticism does Owen make of his own writing? A. He sometimes struggles to produce original pieces. B He often ends up leaving out the best parts of his journeys. C He believes his ideas could be better organised. D He sometimes writes to please himself more than his readers. 20 According to Owen, what is the ultimate aim of travel writing? A. to present an accurate picture of places around the world B to encourage the readers to visit certain places © to challenge wrong ideas people have about places D to engage the reader on an emotional level es PART 4 Exam Ti You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about the use of technology in their work. Make sure you read both tasks before While you listen you must complete both tasks. you listen the first time. TASK ONE For questions 21-25, choose from the list (A-H) the job each speaker does. ‘A coach driver B painter Speaker 1 24 © bank clerk Speaker 2 22 D_ security guard Speaker 3 23 E policeman : Speaker 4 24 F hotel receptionist ‘Speaker 5 25 | @ travel agent | Ha photographer | TASK TWO A B c D colleagues’ reluctance to use technology a successful transfer of his or her new skills a dislike of other peoples’ attitudes changes in consumer habits affecting business apprehension about career prospects a desire to change working practices a dislike of staff training their preference for a traditional way of working ‘Speaker 1 Speaker 2 Speaker 3 Speaker 4 Speaker 5 For questions 26-30, choose from the list (A-H) what each speaker expresses. 26 27 28 29 30 care Exam, digg? Don't spend too much time on any one part of the paper. There may be three texts here but these make up ‘one part of the paper so keep that in mind and allocate time accordingly. PART 1 (1 hour 15 minutes) You are going to read three extracts which are all concerned in some way with film and theatre. For questins 1-6, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. ‘There's no earthly reason why a studio of Pixa’s heft should make a film like WALL®E. Luvuriously in the black on every fim they've ever made, they have many delighted shareholders and a new boss to keep happy now that they’te ofcialy part of the Disney empie, and a trusting auciance whose largest complaint to date has been ‘that sore of their fims have filed to be instantly classic and merely managed to be very, ‘ery good. in the animation world they’re unparalleled in wity dialogue and nice shiny textures, and everyone would probably be happy to devour more ‘of the same for years to come, Wel, thank goodness that Phar appears to have lost sore of ts business sense, and made a film that’s ke nothing we'd expect, exceptin ts qualty. ‘That WALL®E is such a triumph sets a new precedent for Phar. ifthey are to stick theirnecks out with afl that veers from their ‘comfort zone and pays great dividends ~ assuming it's the hit deserves to be atthe box office ~ then we as an audience have 2 tight to expect them to continue pushing themselves and taking risks. This experiment is an ungualfied success, and means that a simple buddy comedy, even one as inteligentty and expertly crated as Ratatouille, might seem Lnambitous as a followup. We'll now expect surprise as well as delight. You've raised the bar, Phar: now jump it again 1. The writer implies that the decision to make WALL ®E was taken A in response to criticisms of previous Pixar films. B because Pixar could afford to take such a financial risk. for reasons other than to satisfy the demands of the market. D in an attempt to produce a film of a higher quality than usual 2 In the second paragraph, the writer suggests that Pixar A. may find it difficult to make a film as good as WALL¢E again. B need to maintain a high level of originality in their next film. © may be risking too much with films that are so artistically experimental D should put all their efforts into making a sequel to WALL®E. 27 PART 1 ‘To become an actor, stage manager, technician, designer or director takes not only talent but dedication, commitment, energy and time. All our students work long | hours and most discover physical, mental and emotional reserves they never | d, Es t knew they posse: ‘The rewards are great ~ the mastery of a craft, the confidence of self-expression, the sense of being a vital part of something bigger than yourself ~ but they may not come quickly. Our students frequently attain overnight fame, but that is not our goal: we want our graduates still to be applying their RADA-training long after they have left us. ‘We've been training first class theatre-makers for over a hundred years, but we haven't stopped inquiring how we can do it better. Our teachers draw upon their experience of the past and present to give our students the expertise to shape the drama of tomorrow. We cannot give you the desire to be the best in your field, but if you have it, our staff will help you nurture, focus and refine it 3 Itis hoped that RADA students will ‘A focus on discovering who they are rather than attaining success. B achieve success quickly and maintain it long-term. © avoid valuing the attainment of success above everything else. D develop a persistent determination to succeed no matter what. 4 What is the writer emphasising in the third paragraph? A the drive and ambition necessary for students to succeed B the pride the school takes in its achievements © the schoo''s belief in personal and professional development D the qualities necessary to become a skilled actor pan Chicken Shed Ten years ago, researching a feature for a Sunday newspaper, | saw the only plece of drama lve ever seen which achieved what many would argue Is the theatre's ulimate ambition: to change profoundly the way we look at the world. The play The Attraction, was a musical loosely bosed on the myth of Beauty and the Beast wtten ond performed by a then ittle-known outfit called Chicken Shed, !t would be dishonest to pretend that the commission filed me with glee. Chicken Shed, ! was briefed, was a theatre company that purported fo fullyintegrate the disabled and able- bodied, and The Attraction was their biggest project so far, To be truthful, lexpected, at best, a Pootly-writen, poorly-performed piece of community theatre; and, at worst, an excruciation which patronised the disabled by affecting to include them in an activity from which their bodies prevented them playing any more than a purely passive role. \What | saw that night wes something quite citferent, something so extraordinary that to this day | can remember not just the plot. the performers and even some of the tunes, but also how I felt an oddly complex cocktail of emotions ranging frorn astonishment, wistuiness andl a sense of heightened humility t0 extreme excitement, surging optimism and sheer joy. sie 5 Why was the writer unenthusiastic about seeing the performance? ‘A He didn't believe such an amateur company could pull it off successfully. B He had been previously disappointed by community theatre. He believed it would be too difficult to judge it by normal criteria, D He didn't believe it could achieve what the theatre company claimed. 6 The writer suggests that the performance ultimately A proved the experts wrong regarding the ambition of theatre. B provoked in him feelings of confusion and self-doubt. far exceeded his personal expectations D caused him to feel ashamed of himself, 29 You are going to read an extract from a magazine article. Six paragraphs have been removed from the extract. Choose from the paragraphs A-G the one with fits each gap (7-12). There is one extra paragraph you do not need to use. wee PART 2 30 HERE BE DRAGONS Sia eel eran anomie ‘There is a dragon in the lavatory. It is a giant: nine feet long and broad shouldered, with its dark, scaly head. It is, drinking from the bowl and turns in a series of lumbering movements towards me, its forked tongue stabbing at the air, It is staring at me through tiny, reptile eyes; I am biting ry lip to check I'm still awake. After travelling for three days, Ihave had my first experience of a Komodo dragon, in a Third World public convenience. 7. ‘The adults take longer to arrive, trundling out of the forest in a slow swagger. The dragons rely on theit highly toxic saliva to kill their prey, and as they waddle towards the kitchen, strings of drool dribble from their dinosaur jaws. 8 And so they drink from the lavatory instead, It is an incongruous, but sensational sight. Now all but confined to the tiny neighbouring istands of Komodo and Rinca, the 2,500 remaining dragons are like flotsam from another era, living fossils in the weirdest, most wonderful sense, are monsters. Matt Warren reports. 0 Not only this, but it can also be very treacherous. "I heard about large ferries being sucked under here," says a German backpacker. "There was no warning, they were just dragged down by the currents and swallowed up." It doesn't sound like good news, but all the same we sit on deck in the sunshine, watching as Komodo slides past our bows. qt ‘As we settle down under turquoise skies to watch the dragons, every bumpy minute of the journey seems worthwhile. Although protected by the Komodo National Park, Rinca and Komodo are under pressure. The islands’ ‘human population has increased 800 per cent in the last six decades and poaching of some of the dragons’ favourite prey is putting the giant reptiles in peril. Once stranded at the ends of the earth, the Komodo dragon must increasingly compete with humans, and the outcome is far from certain, Re 12 "Over here!" shouts the ranger. "Inthe bushes, quick!" He is standing in the shadow of a small copse, with a gigantic dragon an arm’s length in front of him and his heavy ‘wooden stick braced defensively between them. It is lying motionless in the pool of shade, but its eyes are as cold as an arctic gale, and its body is tense, As T lean forward to take a photograph, I feel lke I'm staring down the muzzle It is not serious, however, and within an hour, we are aboard the little plane; buzzing back west towards the burger bars of Bali, It is 9am, and somewhere, 30,000-feet, below, the dragons are once again following the smell of frying eggs to a group of tourists. A Two hours later and we are standing at the summit of a hill overlooking the ranger station and the pretty bay our boat is moored in. Up here, the giant reptiles are never far away. They lie in wait for water buffalo, the dragons’ favourite prey, and strike with breakneck speed when they stray within range. B "We don't feed them, but they come down here every morning anyway," says the ranger. "Even if we did share our food, the big ones weigh 70kg and can «eat 80 per cent of their body weight in a single sitting ~ it’s not like an omelette's going to satisfy them.” C The journey from the frenetic streets of Kuta in Bali began three days earlier, in the back of a coughing bus, Rinca and Komodo are best reached from the large, remote island of Flores ~ where, it was revealed this week, archaeologists discovered the skeletal remains of little humans. For 2it-century Homo sapiens, the slow trip east is a jamboree of four buses and three ferries D We dock in a tiny cove on Rinca’s northern shore, a posteard setting as evocative of prehistoric times as a trip through Jurassic Park. Rinca is the smaller of the dragons’ two island habitats, but chances of seeing the reptiles here are higher. Only a handful of tourists visit the island, and We have the ranger station to ourselves, with an invitation to breakfast thrown in, E It is breakfast time on the tiny Indonesian island of Rinca, and the smell of frying eggs hangs in the soggy Nitin After reading the incomplete text, look carefully at the information which comes before and after each gap. Pay special attention to words which refer to people, time and Places. ‘topical air. The young dragons, jumpy and excitable and barely a foot Jong, have already been attracted by the cooking smells, and dart between trees as they close in on the ranger station. Named Flores (which means ‘flowers') by the Portuguese who once settled here, this wild, volcanic island is one of Indonesia's most spectacular, Rundown i Labuhanbajo is little more than a chaotic mishmash of wood and tin, but its setting, around a dramatic bay filled with islets, is absolutely stunning Back on Flores, the buses east are bumpier than ever. But by the time we have checked into a hotel room in the eastern town of Maumere, with a plane ticket back to Bali on the bedside table, wwe feel like we have returned to the 21st century. But there is one final reminder that we are at the untamed end of the modern world. Waiting for the plane back to Bali, we are hit by an earthquake. 31

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