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Accounting Cases

- Irene Sherlyta Gloria

- M. Arief Amruzar

- Martina Ratna Uli

- Mahmudah - Muadz Akbar Iskandar

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* On March 31, 2010, the partnership that had been

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* On March 31, 2010, the partnership that had been organized

On March 31, 2010, the partnership that had been organized to operate the Lone Pine Café was dissolved under unusual circumstances, and in connection with its dissolution, preparation of a balance sheet became necessary.

The partnership was formed by Mr. and Mrs. Henry Antoine and Mrs. Sandra Landers, who had become acquainted while working in a Portland, Oregon, restaurant. On November 1, 2009, each of the three partners contributed $16,000 cash to the partnership and agreed to share in the profits proportionally to their contributed capital (i.e, one-third each). The Antoines’ contribution represented practically all of their saving. Mrs. Landers’ payment was the proceeds of her late husband’s insurance policy.

On that day also the partnership signed a one-year lease to the Lone Pine Café, located in

This facility

attracted the partners in part because there were living accommodations on the floor above

a nearby recreational area. The monthly rent on the café was $1,500.

the restaurant. One room was occupied by the Antoines and another by Mrs.

Landers.

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* The partners borrowed $21,000 from a local bank and

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* The partners borrowed $21,000 from a local bank and used

The partners borrowed $21,000 from a local bank and used this plus $35,000 of partnership funds to buy out the previous operator of the café. Of this amount, $53,200 was for equipment and $2,800 was for the food and beverages then on hand. The partnership paid $1,428 for local operating licenses, good for one year beginning November 1, and paid $1,400 for a new cash register. The remainder of the $69,000 was deposited in a checking account.

Shortly after November 1, the partners opened the restaurant. Mr. Antoine was the cook, and Mrs. Antoine and Mrs. Landers waited on customers. Mrs. Antoine also ordered the food, beverages, and supplies, operated the cash register, and was responsible for the checking account.

The restaurant operated throughout the winter season of 2009-2010. It was not very successful. On the morning of March 31, 2010, Mrs. Antoine discovered that Mr. Antoine and Mrs. Landers had disappeared. Mrs. Landers had taken all her possessions, but Mr. Antoine had left behind most of his clothing, presumably because he could not remove it without warning Mrs. Antoine. The new cash register and its contents were also missing. No other partnership assets were missing. Mrs. Antoine concluded that the partnership was dissolved. (The court subsequently affirmed that the partnership was dissolved as of March 30.)

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Mrs. Antoine decided to continue operating the Lone Pine

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Mrs. Antoine decided to continue operating the Lone Pine Café.

Mrs. Antoine decided to continue operating the Lone Pine Café. She realized that an accounting would have to be made as of March 30 and called in Donald Simpson, an acquaintance who was knowledgeable about accounting. In response to Mr. Simpson’s questions, Mrs. Antoine said that the cash register had contained $311 and that the checking account balance was $1,030. Ski instructors who were permitted to charge their meals had run up accounts totaling $870. (These accounts subsequently were paid in full.) The Lone Pine Café owed suppliers amounts totaling $1,583. Mr. Simpson estimated that depreciation on the assets amounted to $2,445. Food and beverages on hand were estimated to be worth $2,430. During the period of its operation, the partners drew salaries at agreed-upon amounts, and these payments were up to date. The clothing that Mr. Antoine left behind was estimated to be worth $750. The partnership had also repaid $2,100 of the bank loan. Mr. Simpson explained that in order to account for the partners’ equity, he would prepare a balance sheet. He would list the items that the partnership owned as of March 30, subtract the amounts that it owned as of March 30, subtract the amounts that it owed to out-side parties, and the balance would be the equity of the three partners. Each partner would be entitled to one-third of this amount.

LONE PINE CAFÉ
LONE PINE CAFÉ

LONE PINE CAFÉ

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Questions 1: Prepare a Statement of Financial Position for

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

Questions 1:

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Questions 1: Prepare a Statement of Financial Position for the

Prepare a Statement of Financial Position for the Lone Pine Café as of November 2, 2009.

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* INFORMATIONS GIVEN: Transactions in Nov 1, 2009  Initial

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

INFORMATIONS GIVEN:

Transactions in Nov 1, 2009

Initial Partner’s Contribution $ 48,000 consists of:

 Initial Partner’s Contribution $ 48,000 consists of: - Mr. Antoine - Mrs. Antoine - Mrs.

- Mr. Antoine

- Mrs. Antoine

- Mrs. Landers

= $ 16,000 = $ 16,000 = $ 16,000

Transactions in Nov 2, 2009 Monthly Rental

s

= $

1,500

Bank Loan

= $ 21,000

Second Equipment

= $ 53, 200

Foods & Beverages

= $

2,800

Local Operating License (for 1 year)

= $

1,428

New Cash Register

= $

1,400

The remainder of total money will be deposited in checking account Mr. Antoine & Mrs. Landers were disappeared on the morning of March 31, 2010. Business was not successful. The Court affirmed the partnership was dissolved as of March 30, 2010

 CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*  Checking Account Balance calculation: = Total Incoming
 CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*  Checking Account Balance calculation: = Total Incoming

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

Checking Account Balance calculation:

= Total Incoming Cash – Total Outgoing Cash

= (Partner’s Capital + Bank Loan) – (Equipment + Foods & Beverages + Licenses + Cash Register)

= ( $ 48,000 + $ 21,000) – ($ 53,200 + $ 2,800 + $ 1,428 + $ 1,400)

= ( $69,000) – ($ 58,828)

= $ 10,172

Equipment:

= Café Equiment + New Cash Register

= $ 53,200 + $ 1,400

= $ 54,600

  Lone Pine Café Statement of Financial Position As of November 2, 2009 Assets Liabilities
 

Lone Pine Café Statement of Financial Position As of November 2, 2009

Assets

Liabilities

Current Assets

Bank Loan

Cash

$

10,172

 

Total Liabilities

Foods & Beverages

$

2,800

Prepaid expense

$

1,428

Total Current Assets

$

14,400

Non Current Assets

Equipment

$ 54,600

 

Total Non Current Assets

$ 54,600

 

Total Equity

Total Assets

$ 69,000

Owners’ Equity

Mr. Antoine’s capital

Mrs. Antoine’s capital

Mrs. Landers’s capital

Total Liabilities & Equity

Mrs. Landers’s capital Total Liabilities & Equity $ 21,000   $ 21,000 $ 16,000 $

$

21,000

 

$ 21,000

$

16,000

$

16,000

$

16,000

 

$ 48,000

$ 69,000

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Questions 2: Prepare a Statement of Financial Position as

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

Questions 2:

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Questions 2: Prepare a Statement of Financial Position as of

Prepare a Statement of Financial Position as of March 30,2010.

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* INFORMATION GIVEN : Conditions after “The

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

INFORMATION GIVEN:

2-3 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* INFORMATION GIVEN : Conditions after “The Disappearance of

Conditions after “The Disappearance of Mr. Antoine and Mrs. Landers” (until March 30)

Cash register contained $ 311 Checking account balance $ 1,030 A/R: Servicing Ski Instructor $ 870 Owed Suppliers $ 1,583 Asset Depreciation $ 2,445 Food and Beverages on hand $ 2,430 Partners drew salaries at agreed-upon amounts Clothes left by Mr. Antoine $ 750 Repaid the bank loan $ 2,100

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* INFORMATION GIVEN :  Total Cash:

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

INFORMATION GIVEN:

Total Cash:

= Cash in Cash Register + Checking Account

= $ 311 + $ 1,030

= $ 1,341

Cash Register + Checking Account = $ 311 + $ 1,030 = $ 1,341 • Prepaid

Prepaid Expense:

= $ 1,428 *7/12

= $ 833

Total Capital of 3 Partners:

= Total Assets – (Total Liabilities)

= (Cash + A/R + Foods & Bev + Prepaid Expense + Equipment) – (Account Payable + Bank Loan)

= ($ 1,341 + $ 870 + $ 2,430 +

= ($57,629) - ($20,483)

= $ 37,146

= $ 12,382 for each Partner

$ 833 + ($54600-$2445) ) – ($ 1,583 + ($ 21,000 - $ 2,100) )

Assets Current Assets Cash $ 1,341 Account Receivable $ 870 Food & Beverages $ 2,430

Assets

Current Assets

Cash

$

1,341

Account Receivable

$

870

Food & Beverages

$

2,430

Prepaid expense

$

833

Total Current Assets

Non Current Assets

Equipment s

Less: Accum. Depreciation

Total Non Current Assets

Total Assets

 

$

5,474

$ 54,600

 

$

(2,445)

 

$

52,155

$

57,629

  $ (2,445)   $ 52,155 $ 57,629 Lone Pine Café Statement of Financial Position As

Lone Pine Café Statement of Financial Position As of March 30, 2010

Liabilities

Current Liabilities

Account Payable

Non Current Liabilities

Bank Loan

Total Liabilities

Owners’ Equity

Mr. Antoine’s Capital

Mrs. Antoine’s Capital

Mrs. Landers’ Capital

Total Equity

Total Liabilities & Equity

$

1,583

$

18,900

 

$ 20,483

$

12,382

$

12,382

$

12,382

 

$ 37,146

$ 57,629

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Questions 3: Disregarding the marital complications, do you suppose

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

CASE 2-3 LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* Questions 3: Disregarding the marital complications, do you suppose that

Questions 3:

Disregarding the marital complications, do you suppose that the partners would have been able to receive their proportional share of the equity determined in Question 2 if the partnership was dissolved on March 30, 2010? Why?

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q3) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* If the Partnership was dissolved on

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q3) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q3) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* If the Partnership was dissolved on March

If the Partnership was dissolved on March 30, 2010 The Partners would not been able to receive their proportional share of the equity shown in the Statement of Financial Position, because:

- Their assets will not bring enough cash to pay the liabilities and Partners. Below is liquidation value estimation for Lone Pine Café on forced sale.

LIQUIDATION VALUE ESTIMATION

 
 

Current Statement of Financial Position

Assumed

 

Assets

Recovery

Liquidation Value

Cash

$1,341

100%

$1,341

Account Receivable

$870

100%

$870

Inventory

$2,430

0%

$0

Prepaid Expense

$833

0%

$0

Café Equipment

$52,155

35%

$18,254

TOTAL

$57,629

$20,465

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q3) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* - The Lone Pine Café has

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q3) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)*

CASE 2-3 (Answer of Q3) LONE PINE CAFÉ (A)* - The Lone Pine Café has obligation

- The Lone Pine Café has obligation to precede payment to secured creditor (in this case is Bank), then payment to unsecured creditor (in this case is Supplier). Payment to Partners/Shareholders will be placed in the final sequence therefore we suppose that it is very

unlikely the Partners would have been able to receive their proportional share of the equity ($ 12,382 each) as determined in Statement of Financial Position as of March 30, 2010.

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* In addition to preparing the balance sheet described in

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* In addition to preparing the balance sheet described in Lone

In addition to preparing the balance sheet described in Lone Pine Café (A), Mr. Simpson, the accountant, agreed to prepare an income statement. He said that such a financial statement would show Mrs. Antoine how profitable operations had been, and thus help her to judge whether it was worthwhile to continue operating the restaurant.

In addition to the information given in the (A) case, Mr. Simpson learned that cash received from customers through March 30 amounted to $43,480 and that cash payments were as follows:

Monthly payments to partners*

Wages to part-time employees Interest Food and beverage suppliers

$ 23,150

5,480

540

10,016

Telephone and electricity Miscellaneous Rent payment

3,270

2,55

7,500

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* Questions 1: Prepare an Income Statement for the period

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

Questions 1:

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* Questions 1: Prepare an Income Statement for the period of

Prepare an Income Statement for the period of the café’s operations through March 30,2010.

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* - Case B is related to

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

- Case B is related to Case A.

INFORMATION GIVEN:

Sales Revenue = Cash Sales + Credit Sales

= $ 43,480 + $ 870

= $ 44,350

Food & Beverage Expense

$ 43,480 + $ 870 = $ 44,350  Food & Beverage Expense = Beginning Inventory

= Beginning Inventory + Cash Purchase + Credit Purchase - Ending Inventory

= $ 2,800 + $ 10,016 + $ 1,583 – $ 2,430 = $ 11,969

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*  There are 2 accounting methods

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*  There are 2 accounting methods to

There are 2 accounting methods to book Salary to Partners in Partnership / Incorporated Company:

1. Salary to Partners are booked directly as expense, and will hit the Income Statement.

2. Salary to Partners are not recognize as expense, but will be recognized as Partners Drawing, and it will be recorded in Statement of Changes in Equity.

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* 1. Salary to Partners are booked

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* 1. Salary to Partners are booked directly

1. Salary to Partners are booked directly as expense, and will hit the Income Statement.

LONE PINE CAFÉ

INCOME STATEMENT

For Period of Nov 2, 2009 – March 30, 2010

Sales Revenue

$44,350

COGS (Foods & Beverages)

$11,969

Gross Profit

$32,381

Operating Expenses:

Salary to Partner

$23,150

Part-Time Employee Wages

$5,480

Telephone & Electricity Expense

$3,270

Rent Expense

$7,500

Depreciation Expense

$2,445

Operating License Expense

$595

Miscellaneous Expense

$255

Total Operating Expenses

$42,695

Earning Before Interest & Taxes

-$10,314

Interest Expense

$540

Net Income

-$10,854

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* 2. Salary to Partners are not

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* 2. Salary to Partners are not recognize

2. Salary to Partners are not recognize as expense, but it will be recognized as Partners Drawing, and will be recorded in Statement of Changes in Equity.

LONE PINE CAFÉ

INCOME STATEMENT

For Period of Nov 2, 2009 – March 30, 2010

Sales Revenue

$44,350

COGS (Foods & Beverages)

$11,969

Gross Profit

$32,381

Operating Expenses:

Part-Time Employee Wages

$5,480

Telephone & Electricity Expense

$3,270

Rent Expense

$7,500

Depreciation Expense

$2,445

Operating License Expense

$595

Miscellaneous Expense

$255

Total Operating Expenses

$19,545

Earning Before Interest & Taxes

$12,836

Interest Expense

$540

Net Income

$12,296

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY For

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q1) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY For Period

STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

For Period of Nov 2, 2009 – March 30, 2010

Mr. Antoine’s Capital

$16,000

Mrs. Antoine’s Capital

$16,000

Mrs. Landers’s Capital

$16,000

Total Partners Capital as of Nov 2, 2009

$48,000

Add:

Net Income (Nov 2, 2009 - Mar 30, 2010)

$12,296

Deduct:

Salary to Mr. Antoine

$7,717

Salary to Mrs. Antoine

$7,717

Salary to Mrs. Landers

$7,717

Total Partners' Drawings (Nov 2, 2009 – March 30, 2010)

$23,150

Increase/(Decrease) in Partners Capital

-$10,854

Total Partners Capital as of March 30, 2010

$37,146

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* Questions 2: What does this Income Statement tell Mrs.

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

Questions 2:

CASE 3-2 LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)* Questions 2: What does this Income Statement tell Mrs. Antoine

What does this Income Statement tell Mrs. Antoine ?

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*  1 st Accounting Method: Salary

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*

CASE 3-2 (Answer of Q2) LONE PINE CAFÉ (B)*  1 st Accounting Method: Salary to

1 st Accounting Method: Salary to Partners -> Income Statement The income statement tells Mrs. Antoine that the partnership has suffered a $10,854 loss of operation. It would appear that Lone Pine Café cannot support the three partners, and Mrs. Antoine income is only from monthly salary.

2 nd Accounting Method: Salary to Partners -> Statement of Changes in Equity

In assessing the performance of a partnership, we need to pay attention to the Income Statement and Statement of Changes in Equity. A profitable income statement does not mean it can create a leverage of capital for all partners, hence the amount of the salary as well as the allocated drawing for the period of the time needs to be put on consideration as well.

At the end, this method also tells Mrs. Antoine that the partnership has suffered a $10,854 loss.

PROBLEM 3-7 QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY QED Electronic Company had the following transactions during April while

PROBLEM 3-7 QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY

PROBLEM 3-7 QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY QED Electronic Company had the following transactions during April while conducting

QED Electronic Company had the following transactions during April while conducting its television and stereo repair business. A new repair truck was purchased for $19,000. Parts with a cost of $1,600 were received and used during April. Service revenue for the month was $33,400, but only $20,500 was cash sales. Typically, only 95 percent of sales on account are realized. Interest expense on loan outstanding was $880. Wage costs for the month totaled $10,000; however $1,400 of this had not yet been paid to the employees. Parts inventory from the beginning of the month was depleted by $2,100 Utility bills totaling $1,500 were paid. $700 of this amount was associated with March’s operations. Depreciation expense was $2,700 Selling expenses were $1,900 A provision for income taxes was established at $2,800, of which $2,600 had been paid to the federal government. Administrative and miscellaneous expenses were recorded at $4,700.

PROBLEM 3-7 QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY Questions: Prepare a detailed April Income Statement.

PROBLEM 3-7 QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY

PROBLEM 3-7 QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY Questions: Prepare a detailed April Income Statement.

Questions:

Prepare a detailed April Income Statement.

PROBLEM 3-7 (Answer of Q1) QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY Income Statement For Period

PROBLEM 3-7 (Answer of Q1) QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY

PROBLEM 3-7 (Answer of Q1) QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY Income Statement For Period of
PROBLEM 3-7 (Answer of Q1) QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY Income Statement For Period of

QED ELECTRONICS COMPANY Income Statement For Period of April

Revenue Service Revenue $33,400 Total Revenue $33.400 Expenses Bad Debt Wages Parts Utility Depreciation
Revenue
Service Revenue
$33,400
Total Revenue
$33.400
Expenses
Bad Debt
Wages
Parts
Utility
Depreciation
Selling
Administrative & Misc
Total Operating Expenses
Earning before interest & taxes
Interest Expense
Taxes
Net Income
$
645
=5% * (33400-20500)
$10.000
$ 3.700
=1600+2100
$
800
$ 2.700
$ 1.900
$ 4.700
$24.445
$ 8.955
$
880
$ 2.800
$ 5.275