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Fluid Power Practice Problems Answer

Key
Directions
Answer the following questions. Sketch each, then label all known values. Be sure to
include all steps and units throughout each solution.

All problems assume that conditions are ideal. Forces such as friction are not
considered.
Problems
A pneumatic system is producing 100 lb/in.2 of absolute pressure. A cylinder is
needed to press an adhesive label onto a product. It has been determined that 5 lb
of force is optimal to complete this task.

1. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.


Sketch

2. What is the required area of the pneumatic cylinder?


Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
lb 5 lb 5 lb
F 100 2 = � A= = 0.05 in2
p= in. A lb A = 0.05 in.2
A 100 2
in

3. What is the required diameter of the pneumatic cylinder?


Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
0.05 in.2
A = pr2 0.05 in.2 = pr2 � r = = r = 0.13 in.
p d = 0.3 in.
d = 2r
d= 2
( 0.13 in.) = 0.26 in.

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POE – Unit 3 – Lesson 3.2 – Fluid Power Practice Problems Answer Key– Page 1
A hydraulic lift system utilizes two 3 in. diameter cylinders. Workers must determine how
much the system is capable of lifting before deciding how much weight can be lifted
safely. The system runs at 2000 lb/in.2.

4. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.


Sketch

5. What is the area of each piston?


Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
3 in.
d = 2r 3 in. = 2r � r = = 1.5 in.
2 A = 7 in.2
A = pr 2
A = p1.52 = 7.07in.2

6. How much is the system capable of lifting?


Formula Substitute / Solve Final
Answer
lb F lb
F 2000 = � F = 2000 ( 7.07 in.2 ) = 14140 lb
p= in.2
7.07 in.2
in.2 F = 30000 lb
A
14140 lb( 2) = 28280 lb

The gauge pressure of a pneumatic cylinder reads 20 lb/in. 2 when the volume is 30
in.3. The cylinder is compressed until the gauge reads 60 lb/in. 2.

7. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.


Sketch

8. What is the absolute pressure before and after the cylinder gas is compressed?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
lb lb lb lb lb
pabs = pgau + 14.7 p1 = 20 2 + 14.7 2 = 34.7 2 p1 = 30 2
in.2 in. in. in. in.

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POE – Unit 3 – Lesson 3.2 – Fluid Power Practice Problems Answer Key– Page 2
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
lb lb lb lb lb
pabs = pgau + 14.7 p1 = 60 2 + 14.7 2 = 74.7 2 p1 = 70 2
in.2 in. in. in. in.

9. What is the volume in the cylinder after the gas is compressed?


Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
lb lb
34.7 2( 30 in.3 ) = 74.7 2( V2 ) �
in. in.
lb
p(1 V1 ) = p2( V2 ) 34.7 2( 30 in.3 ) V2 = 10 in3
in. 3
V2 = = 13.9 in.3 = 10in
lb
74.7 2
in.

The air temperature in a 28 in.3 container with a free sliding piston is initially
measured at 45 °F. The temperature is raised to 200 °F.

10. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.

Sketch

11. What are the absolute temperature readings initially and after the temperature
has been raised?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
Tabs = T + 460. T1 = 45o F + 460. = 505o R T1 = 505o R

Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer


Tabs = T + 460. T2 = 200.o F + 460. = 660.o R T2 = 660.o R

12. What is the volume in the cylinder after the temperature has been raised?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
V1 V2 28 in.3 V2 28 in.(3 660. o R )
= = � V = = 37 in.3 V2 = 37 in.3
T1 T2 o
505 R 660. Ro 2 o
( 505 R )

A 60 ft3 compressor tank container has a gauge pressure of 160 lb/in. 2 and a
temperature of 70 °F. The temperature after some time decreases to 40 °F.

13. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.


Sketch
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POE – Unit 3 – Lesson 3.2 – Fluid Power Practice Problems Answer Key– Page 3
14. What are the absolute temperature readings initially and after the temperature
decreases?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
Tabs = T + 460. T1 = 70o F + 460. = 530o R T1 = 530o R

Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer


Tabs = T + 460 T2 = 40o F + 460. = 500 R
o
T2 = 5.0 �102o R

15. What is the absolute pressure of the system before the temperature decreases?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
lb lb lb lb lb
pabs = pgau + 14.7 p1 = 160 2 + 14.7 2 = 174.7 2 p1 = 170 2
in.2 in. in. in. in.

16. What is the absolute pressure of the system after the temperature decreases?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
lb lb
p1 p2 174.7 2 p 174.7 2( 500 o R ) lb
= in. = in. lb p2 = 160
T1 T2
2
� p2
= = 164.8 in.2
530o R 500o R ( 530 o R ) in.2

A flow meter is attached in a hydraulic line that measures 12 gal/min. The line has
an inside diameter of 1.5 in.

17. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.


Sketch

18. What is the flow rate measured as in.3 /min at the meter?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
gal in.3 gal in.3 in.3 in.3
1 = 231 12 x231 = 2,772 Q = 2,800
min min min min min min
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POE – Unit 3 – Lesson 3.2 – Fluid Power Practice Problems Answer Key– Page 4
19. What is the area of inside diameter of the line?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
1.5 in.
d = 2r 1.5 in. = 2r � r =
2 A = 1.8 in.2
A = pr 2
A = p( 0.75 in.) = 1.767 in.2
2

20. What is the flow velocity where the fluid passes the meter?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
3
in.
2,772 in.
Q = v( A ) in.3 min = 1,566 in. v = 1,600
2,772 = v( 1.767 in. ) � v =
2
min
min 1.767 in.2 min

A hydraulic press must be used to press-fit two components together in an assembly


process. The system must generate at least 775 lb of force to perform the press fit.
The piston at the input cylinder is pushed with a force of 250 lb and has an area of
30 in.2. The output can use up to 15 cylinders that are each 30 in. 2.

21. Sketch and label all known and unknown values.


Sketch

22. How much mechanical advantage is required to gain the necessary force?
Formula Substitute / Solve Final Answer
F 775 lb
MA = out MA = = 3.1 MA = 3.1
Fin 250 lb

23. How many output cylinders must be incorporated into the design?
The system will require 4 output cylinders.

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POE – Unit 3 – Lesson 3.2 – Fluid Power Practice Problems Answer Key– Page 5