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a. Phlogiston silicates, particularly of feldspars which are

b. Roasting abundant minerals.

c. Reduction

d. Fission a. clay

b. chalk

The volume of a definite quantity of dry gas is c. pyrite

inversely proportional to the pressure provided d.diamond

the temperature remains constant.

Electrons occupy all the orbitals of a given

a. Charles’ Law subshell singly before pairing begins. These

b. Boyle’s Law unpaired electrons have parallel spins. This is

c. Gay-Lussac’s Law known as:

d. Dalton’s Law

a. Building Up Principle

It refers to matter that do not have definite b. Aufbau Principle

form or structure. c. Hund’s rule

a. Amorphous d.David’s rule

b. Morphous

c. Transient This law states that at constant temperature

d. Extrinsic the volume of a sample of gas varies inversely

with the pressure.

Three grams of sulphur dissolved in 200 g of

naphthalene C10H8, was found decreasing the a. Avogadro’s Law

freezing point of the solvent to 0.72 :C. Find the b. Boyle’s Law

molecular weight of the solute. (Kf C10H8 = 6.9 c. Charle’s Law

:C/molar) d. Gay-Lussac’s Law

a. 351.16 g/mole

b. 115.32 g/mole

c. 135.61 g/mole It is the scattering of light by colloidal particles

d. 151.23 g/mole a. Mott Scaterring

b. Tyndall Effect

c. Rayleigh Scattering

Substance having a pH level less than 7 d. Wolf Effect

a. acid

b. base Consider H3AsO3, Arsenic acid

c. salt (H=1.01,As=74.9,O=16.0).How many mole is 1kg

d. hydrate of H3AsO3?

condensation of gaseous positive and negative b. 6.94 moles

ion into a crystal. c. 5.94 moles

d. 8.94 moles

a Raoult’s Law

b. Lattice Energy It is customary to indicate accuracy by using a

c. Enthalpy Of Solution certain numbers of figures or digits.

d. Partition Coefficient

a. atomic mass unit electrolysis and the amount of chemical

b. International system reaction that occurs?

c. significant figures : a. Ernest Rutherford

d. supplementary units b. Michael Faraday

c. Marie Curie

It is required for organic compounds. d. John Dalton

a. hydrogen

b. oxygen It is considered as derivatives of ammonia in

c. boron which one or more of the hydrogens have been

d. carbon replaced by the alkyl or aryl group. It is

characterized by unpleasant odors

Term used to denote the technology of treating

a mined ore to obtain a product higher on a. Alkanes

concentration of a wanted mineral from the b. Esters

unwanted rock mass in which it occurs c. Amines

d. Nitriles

a. ore dressing

b. galvanization Calculate the molar concentration of a solution

c. alloying that contains 15g of potassium hydroxide in

d. filtering 225ml of solution.

on equilibrium whereby the equilibrium is b. 11.9 M

altered, that change will take place which tends c. 4.46 M

to relieve or neutralize the effect of the added d. 2.60 M

stress".

a. Le Chatelier's Principle Calculate the ratio of the rate of diffusion of

b. Snell's Law hydrogen to the rate of diffusion of oxygen.

c. Huygen's Principle How fast does hydrogen diffuse than oxygen?

d. Avogrado's Law Given: Density of oxygen is 0.0899 g/L and the

density of oxygen is 1.43 g/L.

The energy possessed by a substance that

allows it to be changed into a new substance. a. One

a. Chemical energy b. Two

b. Physical energy c. Three

c. Potential energy d. Four

d. Nuclear energy

What is the volume of 1 mole of a gas at 2 atm

If heat is absorbed by the system during a and 273 K?

chemical change, it is called as:

a. exothermal a. 1.12 L

b. endothermal b. 10L

c. endothermic c.11.2L

d. exothermic d. 112L

Who determined the quantitative relationship It is a borosilicate glass with a very low

between the amount of electricity used in coefficient of thermal expansion, hence, it's

wide for cooking and serving utensils.

a. Lime Glass It is the Energy change accompanying a mole of

b. Pyrex electrons being added to a mole of a gaseous

c. Silicones atoms or ions.

d. Zeotites a. Electronic Affinity

b. Bingling Energy

What is the mass in kilograms of 10.5 gal (39.7 c . Biochemical Energy

L) of gasoline with a specific gravity of 0.82. d. Fission

a. 10.5 kg

b. 28 kg A 466g sample of Water is Heated from 8.50’C

c. 33 kg to 74.60’C. Calculate the amount of Heat

d. 44 kg Absorbed (in Kilo Joules) by the Water.

a. 130 KJ

It is a colorless solid capable of being cut into b. 129 KJ

brilliant crystals is the hardest, must abrasive c . 192 KJ

mineral known d. 160 KJ

b. Charcoal microcomputer has a mass of 5.68mg. How

c. Diamond many silicon (Si) atoms are present in this chip?

d. Silicon

a. 5.6x10-3 atoms

It is the calculation of both energy balances and b. b. 2.02x1010atoms

material balances in a chemical system. c. 1.22x1020atoms

d. 2.22x1020atoms

a. Molarity

b. Molality This Law states that if a process can be written

c. Calorimetry as the sum of several stepwise processes, the

d. Stoichiometry Enthalphy change the total process equals the

sum of the Enthalphy changes of the Various

_________ involves the replacement of one of Steps.

the atoms or groups of atoms attached to the

carbon “Backbone” of the organic molecule. a. Gauss Law

: a.halogination b. Hess Law

b. chemical reaction c . Boyles Law

c. Addition reaction d. Newton’s Law

d. Substitution Reaction

This process separates the components of a

Calculate the volume (in Litres) occupied by mixture on the basis of differences in particle

7.40g of NH3 at STP (Standard Temperature, and size. It is used most often to separate a liquid

Pressure) from a solid.

a. 8.73L a. Crystallization

b. 10.73L b. Extraction

c . 9.73L c. Filtration

d. 12.73L d. Chromatography

Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) is a colorless, a. Molar mass

odorless, very unreactive gas. Calculate the b. Critical mass

pressure (in atm) exerted by 1.82 moles of gas c. Molecular mass

in a steel vessel of volume 5.43L at 45°C. d. Atomic mass unit

a. 6.75 atm

b. 7.75 atm

c. 8.75 atm In the atmosphere, nitrogen dioxide reacts with

d. 9.75 atm water to produce nitric acid, which contributes

to pollution by acid rain: 3NO2(g) + H2O(l) ----->

It is defined as the pressure exerted by a force 2HNO3(aq) + NO(g) How many grams of HNO3 are

of one newton acting on an area of one square produced for every 1.0mol of NO2 that reacts?

meter. The molecular weight of HNO3 is 63.0amu.

a. Kelvin

b. Meter a. 42 g HNO3

c. Pascal b. 42 kg HNO3

d. Newton c. 4.2 g HNO3

d. 42 mg HNO3

:A bottle of certain ceramic tile cleanser, which

essentially a solution of hydrogen chloride, _________ states that a constant pressure and

contains 130g of HCl and 750g of water. What is temperature, the volume of a gas is directly

the percent by mass of HCl in this cleanser? proportional to the number of moles present.

b. 16.3% b. Charle’s Law

c. 14.8% c. Gay-Lussac’s Law

d. 13.8% d. Avogrado’s Law

A covalent bond between two atoms with ______ states that in the addition of polar

different electronegativities, so that the reagents to alkenes, the positive portion of the

electron density is unsymmetrically distributed. reagents adds to the carbon atom in the double

bond that already has the most hydrogen

a. Non- Polar bond atoms.

b. Polar bond

c. Single bond a. Markovnikou’s rule

d. Triple bond b. Le Chatelier’s principle

c. Lock-and-key theory

Which element has the highest ionization d. Pauli Exclusion Theory

potential of its atom?

_______ are atoms that have completely filled

a. Hydrogen ns and np subshells, giving them great stability.

b. Oxygen

c. Helium a. Alkali Metals

d. Zinc b. Noble Gases

c. Halogens

It is the minimum amount of radioactive d. alkaline earth metals

material needed to sustain a nuclear chain

reaction.

_______ states that the partial pressure of a d. 71.7 mm

solvent over a solution is given by the vapor

pressure of the pure solvent times the mole (1000)(9.81)(30)(1.5)L = 2(300x10^-

fraction of the solvent in the solution. 6)(130x10^6)

L = 177 mm

a. Dalton’s law of partial pressure

b. de Broglie’s hypothesis

c. Aufbau principle At what angular velocity will the stress in a

d. Raoult’s Law rotating steel ring equal to 150 MPa if its mean

radius is 220 mm? The density of the steel is

A hole is to be punched out of plate having a 7.85 Mg/m^3.

shearing strength of 40 ksi. The compressive

stress in the punch is limited to 50 ksi. Compute a. 19.87 rad/s

the maximum thickness of plate from which a b. 159 rad/s

hole 2.5 inches in diameter can be punched. c. 138.2 rad/s

d. 628 rad/s

a. 0.500 in

b. 0.781 in ω = (1/0.22)(150x10^6 / 7850)^(1/2) = 628

c. 0.102 in rad/s

d. 0.204 in

A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside

t = 2.5(50) / 4(40) = 0.781 inches diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of 10

mm. A gasket is inserted between the flange at

A hole is to be punched out of plate having a one end of the pipe and a flat plate use to cap

shearing strength of 40 ksi. The compressive the end. How many 40-mm-diameter bolts must

stress in the punch is limited to 50 ksi. If the be used to hold the cap on if the allowable

plate is 0.25 inches thick, determine the stress in the bolts is 80 MPa, of which 55 MPa is

diameter of the smallest hole that can be the initial stress?

punched

a. 14 b. 15 c. 16 d. 17

a. 0.800 in b. 0.871 in

c. 0.435 in d. 0.600 in N = (3.5x10^6)(0.45 – 2x0.01)^2 / [(0.04^2)(88–

55)x10^6] = 16.18 round up

D = 4(0.25)(40) / 50 = 0.800 inches N = 17

A large pipe, called a penstock in hydraulic A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside

work, is 1.5 m in diameter. It is composed of diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of 10

wooden staves bound together by steel hoops, mm. A gasket is inserted between the flange at

each 300 sq. Millimetre in cross-sectional area, one end of the pipe and a flat plate use to cap

and is used to conduct water from a reservoir to the end. What circumferential stress is

power a house. If the maximum tensile stress developed in the pipe?

permitted in the hoops is 130 MPa, what is the

maximum spacing between hoops under a head a. 75.3 MPa b. 37.65 MPa

of water of 30 m? c. 78.75 MPa d. 39.38 MPa

b. 77.1 mm

c. 177 mm

It is the maximum safe stress that a material r = (80)(5) / *(4)(π/180)(83000)] = 69 mm

can carry d = 2(69) = 138 mm

c. rupture strength d. Yield strength surrounded by a shell of cast iron 5 mm thick.

Compute the load that will compress the

combined bar a total of 0.8 mm in the length of

It is the point at which there is an appreciable 2m. For steel E = 200 GPa, and for cast iron E =

elongation of the material without any 100 GPa

corresponding increase of load a. 291 kN b. 240 kN

c. 192 kN d. 420 kN

a. Elastic limit b. Yield point

c.Ultimate stress d. Point of rupture P = *(π/4)(0.05^2)(200x10^9)(0.0008)/2+ +

*(π/4)(0.06^2 -0.05^2)(100x10^9)(0.0008)/2]

This component measures the pulling (or P = 192 kN

pushing) action perpendicular to the section

A solid steel shaft is not to twist through more

a. Torque b. Bending moment than 3 degrees in a 6 m length when subjected

c. Axial forces d. Shearing force to a torque of 12 kN.m. What maximum

shearing stress is developed? Use G=83GPa.

A steel rod having a cross-sectional area of 300

sq. Meters and a length of 150 m is suspended a. 41.3 MPa b. 43.4 MPa

vertically from one end. It supports a tensile c. 34.3 MPa d. 17.6 MPa

load of 20 kN at the lower end. If the unit mass

of steel is 7850 kg/m^3 and E = 200x10^3 (π/4)d^4 = (12000)(6) / *(3)(π/180)(83x10^9)+

MN/m^2, find the total elongation of the rod. d = 114 mm

c. 43.3 mm d. 35 mm τ = 41.3 MPa

[(20000)(150)(1000^2) / 300(200X10^9)] shaft that will not twist through more than 3

δ = 54.3 mm degrees in a 6 m length when subjected to a

torque of 12 kN.m? Use G=83GPa.

What is the theoretical maximum value of

Poisson’s ratio of any given material subjected a. 114 mm b. 116 mm

to a uniform triaxial stress. c. 118 mm d. 120 mm

d = 114 mm

A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed to 80 A steel rod 2.5 m long is secured between two

MPa when twisted through 4 degrees. Using G = walls. If the load on the rod is zero at 20 degree

83 GPa, compute the shaft diameter. Celsius, compute the stress when the

temperature drops to -20 degrees Celsius. The

a. 104 mm b. 138 mm cross-sectional are if the rod is 1200 sq. mm,

c. 148 mm d. 160 mm coefficient of linear expansion = 11.7 um/(m-

deg.C), and E = 200 GPa. Assume that the walls Who first postulated that stress is proportional

are rigid. to strain in 1678?

c. 93.6 MPa d. 69.3 Mpa c. Andrew Pytel d. Charles Augustus

σ = (200x10^9)(11.7x10^-6)(20 - -20) = moving along a long rail is measured to be x(t) =

93.6x10^6 Pa (4m/s)t + (7m/s2)t2 + (5m/s3)t3 – (0.35m/s4)t4

σ = 93.6 MPa over the first 10s of its motion, where t is in

seconds and x is in meters. Find the velocity of

Determine the maximum shearing stress in a the rocket for the first 10 seconds.

helical steel spring composed of 20 turns of 20

mm-diamter wire on a mean radius of 80 mm a. 43 m/s b. 224 m/s c. 244m/s

when tha spring is supporting a load of 2 kN. d. 2240 m/s

Use G = 83 Gpa.

v = dx/dt = (4m/s) + (14m/s2)t + (15m/s3)t2 –

a. 110.6 MPa b. 112.3 MPa (1.4m/s4)t3

c. 120.6 MPa d. 134.6 Mpa Substituting t = 10 s, gives

m = 80/10 = 8 v = 244 m/s

4] + (0.615/8)} invented the steam engine. In order to convince

τ = 120.6 Mpa people, who relied heavily on horses for

mechanical work, he demonstrated how useful

Determine the elongation in a helical steel his steam engine was by utilizing a horse that

spring composed of 20 turns of 20 mm-diamter lifted water from a well over a certain period of

wire on a mean radius of 80 mm when tha time and called the corresponding power

spring is supporting a load of 2 kN. Use G = 83 expended “one horsepower”. Assume that

GPa. water has a mass density of 1.0 x 103 kg/m3,

that the well was 20m deep, and that the horse

a. 87.9 mm b. 78.9 mm worked for 8 hours. How many liters of water

c. 98.7 mm d. 89.7 mm did the horse raise from the well? Use the

following constants: 1 hp = 746 Watts, g = 9.8

m/s2.

δ = 64(2000)(0.08^3)(20) / *(83x10^9)(0.02^4)+

δ = 98.7 mm The work done of the tension in lifting a mass

of water is given by:

W = m g y where W = work, m = mass =

These are components of the total resistance to p p= mass density,

sliding the portion to one side of the

exploratory section past the other. The power is given by:

ρVg Δy

a. Torque b. Bending moment P = work /time, t

c. Axial forces d. Shear forces Substituting all values, we get for V

V= Suppose that you make 12 equal annual

746 W 8 hx 3600 s/h deposits of P2,000 each into a bank account

3 3 2

= 1. 1x102 m3 paying 8% interest per year. The first deposit

1x10 kg/m 9 . 8m/s 20 m

will be made one year from today. How much

money can be withdrawn from this bank

account immediately after the 12th deposit?

Since 1 m3 = 103 L, then V = 1.1 x 105L.

a. P35,492 b. P36,218 c.

37,954 d. P38,755

As provided in RA7925, a VAS provider needs

to secure a franchise if

(1

in

)1

a. it is offered by a telecommunications entity

FA

i

whose proceeds of utility operations are not

cross-subsidized. =

P2000(F/A,

8%,12)

P37,954

b. it does not discriminate other service

providers against rates.

What is the effective rate of interest if P1000 is

c. it is offered by a telecommunications entity

invested at a nominal rate of 15% compounded

that uses a separate book of accounts for VAS.

quarterly?

d. it puts up its own network.

a. 15.86% b. 16.86%

c. 17.86% d. 18.86%

According to the code of ethics, if you are

employed in a company and you wish to 4

engage in a business which may compete with 0 .

15

i

eff

1

115

.

86%

your company, the most ethical thing to do is 4

to

A man purchased a house for P425,000. In the

first month that he owned the house, he spent

a. inform your employer about it

P75,000 on repairs and remodeling.

b. have somebody run the business instead of

Immediately after the house was remodeled, he

you

was offered P545,000 to sell the house. After

c. try to find new clients

some consideration, he decided to keep the

d. keep your prices lower than your company’s

house and have it rented for P4,500 per month

starting two months after the purchase. He

An investor has an option to purchase a tract of

collected rent for 15 months and then sold the

land that will be worth P20,000 in seven years.

house for P600,000. if the interest rate was

If the value of the land increases at 9% each

1.5% per month, how much extra money did he

year, how much should the investor be willing

make or lose by not selling the house

to pay now for this property?

immediately after it was remodeled?

a. P9,341 b. P10,941

a. P3,000 b.P4,000

c. P11,521 d. P12,015

c. P5,000 d. P6,000

n

1

PF

1 i

= F(P/F,

i%,

n)

On the day his grandson was born, a man

P=P20,000(P/

F,9%,7)

=P10,940.68

deposited to a trust company a sufficient

amount of money so that the boy could receive

five annual payments of P20,000 each for his

college tuition fees, starting with his 18th

birthday. Interest at the rate of 12$ per annum A telecommunication company purchased an

was to be paid on all amounts on deposit. There equipment for P53,000 and paid P1,500 for

was also a provision that the grandson could freight and delivery charges to the job site. The

elect to withdraw no annual payments and equipment has a normal life of 10 years with a

receive a single lump amount on his 25th trade-in value of P5,000 against the purchase of

birthday. The grandson chose this option. How a new equipment at the end of the life.

much did the grandfather deposit? Determine the annual depreciation cost by the

sinking fund method. Assume interest at 6.5%

a. P9,500 b. P10,500 compounded annually.

c. P11,500 d. P12,500

a. P2,543 b. P3.,668

PP

20

,

000

(

P/

A,

12

%,

5

)(

P/

F,

12)c. P4,215

%,

17 d. P5,956

=

P

10

,

500

O

C P53

,000

P1

,500

P54

,500

L

C P5

,000

P54

,500 P

5,000

d P3

,668

F/A,6

.5%,

10

A man bought an equipment costing P30,000 A plant bought a machine for P200,000 and

payable in 12 quarterly payments, each used it for 10 years, the life span of the

installment payable at the beginning of each equipment. What is the book value of the

period. The rate of interest is 24% compounded machine after 5 years of use? Assume a scrap

quarterly. What is the amount of each payment value of P20,000. Use double declining balance

a. P1,700 b. P2,700 method.

c. P3,700 d. P4,700

P

30

,

000

A(

1P

/A

,8

%,

12

1

) a. P43,648 b. P59,425

AP

3,

685

.

96 c. P65,536 d. P70,92

5P

200

,

00(

125

)

10P

65

,

536

equipment for P53,000 and paid P1,500 for

freight and delivery charges to the job site. The

equipment has a normal life of 10 years with a It occurs when a cutting action is applied as you

trade-in value of P5,000 against the purchase of would see with scissors, tin snips, or punches.

a new equipment at the end of the life.

Determine the annual depreciation cost by the a.Direct shear c. Torsional shear

sinking fund method. Assume interest at 6.5% b.Bending stress d. Torsional stress

compounded annually.

c. P4,215 d. P5,956 perpendicular to its long axis while being

supported in a stable manner.

O

C P53

,000

P1

,500

P54

,500

a.Direct shear c. Torsional shear

L

C P5

,000

b.Bending stress d. Torsional stress.

P54

,500 P

5,000

d P3

,668

F/A,6

.5%,

10

ci. Proportional limit

It is the internal resistance offered by a unit cii. Elastic limit

area of the material from which a member from ciii. Yield point

which a member is made to an externally civ. Tensile point

applied load.

c. moment d. torque stress-strain curve

downward loads. Compute the stress in the cii. Elastic limit

square shaft at the upper part of the stand for a ciii. Yield point

load of 27,000 lb. The line of action of the civ. Tensile point

applied of the applied load is centered on the

axis on the shaft, and the load is applied

through a thick plate that distributes the force It is a measure of the stiffness of a material

to the entire cross section of the stand. determined by the slope of the straight-line

portion of the stress-strain curve

a. 10,000psi b. 11,000psi

c. 12,000psi d. 13,000psi

a. Modulus of elasticity

b. Modulus of rigidity

F

A

27

,

000

2

2

.

25

lb lb

12

,

000

in in2

12

,

000

c. Strain

psi

d. Stress

the stress-strain diagram curve at which the A ductile material is one that can be stretched,

curve first deviates from a straight line. formed, or drawn to a significant degree before

fracture. A metal that exhibits a percent

ci. Proportional limit elongation greater than ____ % is considered to

cii. Elastic limit be ductile.

ciii. Yield point

civ. Tensile point a. 2 b. 3

c. 4 d. 5

It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve

at which the material has deformed plastically;

that is, it will no longer return to its original size A brittle material is one that fails suddenly

and shape after removing the load. under load with little or no plastic deformation.

A metal that exhibits a percent elongation ____

ci. Proportional limit 5.0% is considered to be brittle.

cii. Elastic limit

ciii. Yield point a. equal

civ. Tensile point b. Greater than

c. Less than

d. It depends on the room temperature

It is the value of stress on the stress-strain curve

at which there is a significant increase in strain The ratio of shearing stress to shearing strain is

with little or no increase in stress. called:

a. Modulus of elasticity

b. Modulus of rigidity a. 350MPa b. 420MPa

c. Modulus of elongation c. 485MPa d. 500MPa

d. Modulus of stressibility

Assume that a 25-mm diameter rivet joins the

plates that are each 125 mm wide. The

It is the ability of a material to absorbed allowable stresses are 130 MPa for bearing in

applied energy without failure the plate material and 65 MPa for shearing of

the rivet. Determine the minimum thickness of

a. Ductility b. Brittleness each plate.

c. Hardness d. Toughness

a. 10MPa b. 20MPa

c. 30MPa d. 40MPa

It is the indication of the resistance of a

material to indentation by a penetrator. V P

b

2 dt

4d P

a. Ductility b. Brittleness t

V d b

c. Hardness d. Toughness 65M 2 31 . 91 kPa

4 (25mm) t

( 25 mm )130 M

It is a measure of pulling and pushing force. V P 31.91kN t 9 . 82 mm

a. Axial force

b. Shear force P

A

c. Torque

d. Bending moments 31

.91

kNkN

[

125

mm8mm25

mm8

mm]

39.89

MPa

sliding.

a. Axial force

b. Shear force A cylinder pressure vessel is fabricated from

c. Torque plates which have a thickness of 20mm. The

d. Bending moments diameter of the pressure vessel is 450 mm and

its length is 3.5m. Determine the maximum

It is the measure of the resistance to twisting. internal pressure which can be applied if the

stress in the steel is limited to 150MPa.

a. Axial force

b. Shear force a. 15.33MPa b. 16.67MPa c.

c. Torque 17.53MPa d. 18.83MPa

d. Bending moments

ρD

σ t=

2t

ρ 450 mm

A common bar suspended from certain support 150 MPa=

2 25 mm

has axial load of 10kN. If the bar has a cross ρ= 16 . 67 MPa

section of 20mm2, find the stress experience by

the bar.

The wall thickness of a 3ft-diameter spherical A steel shaft 3ft long that has a diameter of 5in

tank is 4/17 in. Calculate the allowable internal is subjected to a torque of 14kip-ft. Determine

pressure if the stress is limited to 9000 psi. the maximum shearing stress. G=12x106 psi.

c. 176.47psi d. 188.73psi d. 0.71°

pD TL 14 k 12 3x12 180 °

θ= = x = 0. 47 °

4t JG π 54 6 π

p(4 12in) 12 x 10

9000 32

4(4 / 17in)

p 176.47 psi

It is the transfer of energy from the more

energetic particles of substance to the adjacent

A steel bar 40mm in diameter and 3m long is less energetic ones as a result of interactions

surrounded by a shell of cast iron 6mm thick. between the particles.

Compute the load that will compress the ci. Conduction c. Convection

combined bar a total of 0.95 mm in the length cii. Radiation d. Absorption

of 2m. For steel E=300GPa, and for cast iron,

E=150GPa

It indicates that the rate of heat conduction in a

a. 151kN b. 161kN direction is proportional to the temperature

c. 171kN d. 181KN gradient in that direction

A steel rod 3.5m long is secured between two cvi. Fourier’s Law of Heat Convection

walls. If the load on the rod is zero at 30°C, cvii. Fourier’s Law of Heat Radiation

compute the stress when the temperature cviii. Fourier’s Law of Heat

drops to -30°C. The cross sectional area of the Absorption

rod is 1200mm2, α =11.7um/(m°C), and

E=200GPa.

c. 130MPa d. 140MPa conductor of heat?

PL cvi. c. Silver d. Diamond

δ=

AE

PL

αLΔT =

AE It is the mode of energy transfer between a

solid surface and the adjacent liquid or gas that

T

is in motion, and it involves the combined effect

E conduction and fluid motion.

TE(

11.

7

)(

3030

)(

200

G

)

140

.

4 MPa cv. Conduction c. Convection

cvi. Radiation d. Absorption

e. Light intensity c. Light efficacy

It is the energy emitted by the matter in the f. Light efficiency d. Light luminosity

form of electromagnetic waves as a result of

the changes in the electronic configurations of

the atom or molecules. Carnot cycle is composed of how many

reversible processes?

cv. Conduction c. Convection

cvi. Radiation d. Absorption

a. 1 b. 2

c. 3 d. 4

It states that energy can neither be destroyed

nor created; it can only change forms.

f. Second law of thermodynamics carnot cycle?

g. Third law of thermodynamics

h. Zeroth law of thermodynamics

e. Two isothermal ; two isobaric

f. One isothermal; three adiabatic

In second law of thermodynamic, which of the g. Three isobaric; one adiabatic

following state that no heat engine can have a h. Two adiabatic ; two isothermal

thermal efficiency of 100% or as far as power

plant to operate, the working fluid must

exchange heat with the environment as well as

the furnace. State that the thermal efficiencies of all

reversible heat engines operating between the

a. Kelvin –Plank Statement same two reservoirs are the same, and that no

b. Clausius-Plank Statement heat engine is more efficient than a reversible

c. Clausius Statement one operating between the same two

d. Kelvin Statemen reservoirs.

e. Throttle principle

f. Otto principle

In second law of thermodynamic, which of the g. Carnot principle

following state that no device can transfer heat h. Kelvin principle

from cooler body to a warmer one without

leaving an effect on the surroundings.

A carnot heat engine receives 500KJ of heat per

e. Kelvin –Plank Statement cycle from a high-temperature source at 600 °C

f. Clausius-Plank Statement and rejects heat a low temperature sink at 40°C.

g. Clausius Statement Determine the thermal efficiency of this Carnot

h. Kelvin Statement engine.

a. 93.33% b. 6.67%

It is defined as the amount of light output in c. 35.85% d. 64.15%

lumens per W of electricity consumed.

1

T(

1

T(

40

273

)

600

K

0

.

6415

273

)K

(

64

.L

15

H

%

A piston cylinder device contains a liquid-vapor

mixture of water at 400K. During a constant

pressure process, 700 KJ of heat is transferred A piston cylinder device initially contains 0.8 m3

to the water. As a result, part of the liquid in the of air at 110kPa and 80°C. The air is now

cylinder vaporizes. Determine the entropy compressed to 0.2 m3 in such a way that the

change of the water during this process. temperature inside the cylinder remains

constant. Determine the work done during this

a. 1.75kJ/K b. 280kJ-K c. process.

7000kJ d. 0.57K/kJ

a. -122kJ b. -123kJ

b. c. -124kJ d. -125kJ

Q700

kJ kJ

S

1.

75

T 400

K K

30.2 1

kJ

W

(

110

kPa

)(

0.

8

m )

ln()( 3

)

12

k

Which of the following equation of state has 0.

81

kPa

m

two constants?

ci. Vander Waals Equation result of its elevation with respect to the

cii. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation gravitational acceleration of the earth.

ciii. Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation

civ. Strobridge Equation a. Potential b.Kinetic

c. Momentum d.Impulse

Equation of State?

It states that if two bodies are in thermal

a.13 b. 14 c. 15 d. 16 equilibrium with a third body, they are also in

thermal equilibrium with each other.

Which of the following equation of state has

eight constant? a. First law of thermodynamics

b. Second law of thermodynamics

ci. Vander Waals Equation c. Third law of thermodynamics

cii. Beattie-Bridgeman Equation d. Zeroth law of thermodynamics

ciii. Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation

civ. Strobridge Equation Determine the mass of the air in a room whose

dimensions are (5x6x7) cm at 105 kPa and

27°C.

Consider a person standing in a breezy room at

22°C. Determine the total rate of heat transfer '

Rgas

constant

from this person if the exposed surface area

and the average outer surface temperature of

R'

air0.287

m3

kPa

/kg

K

the person are 1.2 m2 and 33°C, respectively, 3

PV 105kPa (5x

6 x

7m )

and the convection heat transfer coefficient is 6

m 256

.1

g

W/m2.ε=0.95 and σ=5.67x10-8 W/m4-K4 R'T 0

.287

m3

kPa

/kg

K

(

27 273

K)

a. 120.5J/s b. 135.7J/s

b. c. 143.2J/s d. 151.9J/s

Heat is transferred to a heat engine from a A rigid tank contains a hot fluid that is cooled

furnace at a rate of 92MW. If the rate of waste while being stirred by a paddle wheel. Initially,

heat rejection to a nearby river is 45MW, the internal energy of the fluid is 850kJ. During

determine the net power output and the the cooling process, the fluid loses 550kJ of

thermal efficiency for this heat engine. heat, and the paddle wheel does 200kJ of work

on the fluid. Determine the final energy of the

a. 48.91% b. 51.09% fluid. Neglect the energy stored in the paddle

b. c. 32.84% d. 67.15% wheel.

a. 500kJ b. 550 kJ

H

MJ b. c. 600kJ d. 650 kJ

Q 92

s

L

Q MJ

45 Q UW

s

200

kJ(

U 2

850)

kJ550

kJ

Q 45

1 L

1 0.5109 2

U

(51.09%) 500

kJ

QH 92

The food compartment of a refrigerator is Three moles of an ideal gas are compressed

maintained at 4°C by removing heat from it at a slowly and isothermally from a volume of 5 to

rate of 300 KJ/min. If the required power input 1.5 ft3, at a temperature of 320K. How much

to the refrigerator is 3KW, determine the work is done?

coefficient of performance of the refrigerator.

a. -8.12kJ b. -9.61kJ

c. -10.44kJ d. -11.59kJ

a. 1.67 b. 2.33

b. c. 3.67 A 4-in wall of fire brick, k=9 Btu/(ft2-hr-F/in), has

d. 4. 12

one surface at 300F, the other at 90F. Find the

300

kJ

/min

1kW 2

COP (

)167heat conducted through the area of 2ft in 1

.

3kW60min day.

kJ

/

insulated tank that contains 0.5 m3 of liquid c. 15,510Btu d. 10,730Btu

water at 25°C. Determine the temperature T Btu

300

90

when thermal equilibrium reached. The specific

Q

kAt(

9 )(

2 2

ft

)(

24

hr

) F

2

L ft

F

hr

in

4in

4.18kJ/kg-°C. =

22

,

680

Btu

If 80 g of iron shot at 100C is dropped into 200 g

a. 20. 7°C b. 25.6°C of water at 20C contained in an iron vessel of

b. c. 30.1°C d. 35.6°C mass 50 g, find the resulting temperature.

a. 20.1°C b. 21.8°C

c. 22. 3°C d. 24.6°C

80

(

0.

12

)(

T

2

100

)200

(

1

)(

T

2

20

)50

(0

.

12

)(

T

22

T

2

24

.

6C

When a 2lb of brass at 212°F is dropped into 5lb How many zeroes in the measurement

of water at 35°F, the resulting temperature is 0.00020040 are significant?

41.2°F. Find the specific heat of brass in Btu/lb- a. three b. four

°F. c. six d. Seven

change?

a. 1.120 b. 0.091

c. 0.321 d. 1.233 a. Water boiling to form steam

b. Sugar dissolving in a cup of coffee

Q

lostQgain

c. Hamburger grease solidifying on a

Q Q plate

brasswater

d. Tarnishing silver

Btu

2

lb(

C )(

212F41

.2

F )5

lb(

1 )(

41.2

F 35

F

)

lbF

Btu

C0 .091

lbF

A homogenous mixture can be separated by all

How much heat is necessary to raise the of the following methods except

temperature of 0.80 kg of ethyl alcohol from

15°C of its boiling point 78.3°C? a. Filtration

b. Chromatography

a.10kcal b. 20kcal c. Crystallization

c. 30kcal d. 40kcal d. Distillation

Q

mc

t

cal Which of the following is not a pure substance?

Q0

.8kg

(

0 .

6 )(

78

.3

15

)C

g

C

Q30

kcal a. Hydrogen

b. Oxygen

c. Water

The weight-density of air at 32F and 29.92 in Hg d. Milk

pressure is 0.081 lb/ft3. What is its weight-

density, in lb/ft3, at an altitude where the A laboratory experiment was performed to

pressure is 13.73 in Hg and the temperature is - determine the percent by mass of water in a

40F? hydrate. The accepted value is 36.0% water

whose observed value has an error of 5.00%.

a. 0.044 b. 0.055 c. 0.066 d. 0.77 Find the percent by mass of water.

PV PV a. 31.0% water

b. 36.0% water

mT 1 mT 2

c. 37.8% water

P P

d. 41.0% water

T 1 T 2

29.92 13.73

0.081x 273K 1 x 233K 2 36% * 1.05 =37.8%

lb Which of the following phase changes represent

2 0.044 3 sublimation?

ft

a. Solid gas d. Bromine

b. Gas solid

c. Solid liquid From the reaction,

d. Gas liquid

The amount of energy needed to change a How many molecules of can be formed

given mass of ice to water at constant using 2 molecules of NO?

temperature is called the heat of

a. Fusion a. 1 b. 2

b. Formation b. c. 3 d. 4

c. Condensation

d. Crystallization If the volume of the mole of gas molecules

remains constant, lowering the temperature

Which of the following is a binary compound? will make the pressure

b. Oxygen b. Decrease

c. Citric acid c. Increase then decrease

d. Sodium chlorate d. Decrease then increase

Whenever you have equal volumes of gases at

An example of a ternary compound is the same temperature and pressure, the

volume must

a. Potassium chlorate

b. Ammonia a. Contain equal number of particles

c. Silver chloride b. Contain 2.4 milliliters of STP

d. Sodium bromide c. Contain one mole of any gas at STP

d. Contain the Avogadro’s number

What is the charge of a hydrogen atom?

What pressure must be applied to 225mL of gas

a. b. c. d. at 1atm to reduce its volume to 100mL?

location and velocity of subatomic particle at b. 2.25atm

the same time is known as the c. 22500atm

d. 1710atm

A . Diffraction principle b. Probability principle

c. Limiting principl d. Uncertainty principle P1V1=P2V2

at STP?

An atom which has the greatest ability to

attract electron is a. 1.2moles

b. 1.4moles

a. Oxygen c. 2.0moles

b. Nitrogen d. 2.8moles

c. Sulfur

The properties of solution include all of the The wavelength of the red light from a helium-

following except that neon sensor is 633 nm in air but 474 nm in the

aqueous humor inside our eyeballs. Calculate

the speed of light in this substance.

a. It is homogeneous mixture if it has a. 2.25 x 108 m/s b. 3.25 x 108 m/s c.

been well stirred 3.00 x 108 m/s d. 1.25 x 108 m/s

b. Dissolved particles will settle out

upon stirring

c. It is clear and transparent with For the velocity of light in this index we have:

particles too small to be seen (

d. Dissolved particles will pass through

a piece of filter paper

A spaceship moving away from Earth with

speed of 0.900c fires a robot space probe in the

1. Suppose that energy Q is required to

same direction as its motion, with speed of

accelerate a car from rest to v,

0.700c relative to the spaceship. What is the

neglecting friction. How much added

probe’s velocity relative to the Earth?

energy would be required to increase

a.0.900c b. 0.345c

the speed from v to 2v?

c. 0.700c d. 0.982c

a. Q b.2Q c. 3Q d.4Q

Using the equation of Lorentz velocity

transformation, we have

Using the energy equation W=KE2 – (d)

KE1

Q = 0.5mv2 – 0 - condition 1

W = 0.5m(2v)2 – 0.5mv2 - condition 2 In optics, this effect refers to the blurring of the

W=2mv2 – 0.5mv2 = 3(0.5mv2) = 3Q image produced on a concave mirror due to the

Suppose you want to store 1.00 J of electric convergence of rays far from the mirror to

potential energy in a volume of 1.00 m3 in other points on the principal axis. What do you

vacuum. What is the magnitude of the required call this effect?

electric field? a. spherical aberration

a. 0.475 MV/m b. 0.336MV/m b. b. focal divergence

c. 0.225TV/m d. 0.113TV/m c. c. parallax error

d. d. Snell’s effect

1.00J/1.00m3 = 1.00J/m3

In fluid mechanics, this shows that the pressure

of a fluid decreases as the speed of the fluid

increases. In addition, the pressure of a fluid

E=0.475 MV/m (a)

decreases as the elevation increases.

Material a is a water and material b is a glass

a.Clairut’s equation

with index of refraction 1.52. If the incident ray

b. Bernoulli’s equation

makes an angle of 60o with the normal, find the

c. Maxwell’s equation

direction of the reflected ray.

d. Hyrdofluid equation

49.3o b. 91.3o

c. 60o d. 34.7o

In electrodynamics, what term refers to the

According to law of reflection, , hence if

average speed of the charge carriers?

then (c) a. drag velocity

b. b. molecular-kinetic speed

c. c. drift speed and of the vibration of the atoms within the

d. d. charge velocity molecules.

In electromagnetics and wave theory, what

refers to waves, commonly generated by a.Internal Energy b .Heat

electronic devices, whose wavelengths ranges c. Enthalpy d.Entropy

from approximately 0.3m to 10-4 m. Due to their

short wavelengths these are often used in radar

systems and for studying the atomic and “When two bodies, isolated from other

molecular properties of matter. environment, are in thermal equilibrium with a

a. Radio waves third body, the two are in thermal equilibrium

b. Microwaves with each other” is a statement of……..

c. AM waves

d. Radar waves a.1st Law of Thermodynamics

c.2nd Law of Thermodynamic

The property of a substance which remains b. Zeroth Law

constant if no heat enters or leaves the system, d. Maxwell’s Theory of Thermal Equilbrium

while it does work or alters its volume, but

which increases or diminishes should a small Not all energy received as heat by a heat-engine

amount of heat enter or leave. cycle can be converted into mechanical work,

some are also rejected” is a statement of…….

a. internal energy b. system

c. entropy d. enthalpy a.1st Law of Thermodynamic s

b.Zeroth Law

c.2nd Law of Thermodynamics

The quantity of heat required to change the d.Law of Conservation of Energy

temperature of unit mass through one degree.

a.Temperature b. Specific Heat travelling at 72 km/hr is 1500kg. Find the kinetic

c. Thermal Equilibrium d. Calorie energy of this combined mass.

a.300kJ b.330kJ

“If the temperature of a given quantity of gas is c.305kJ d. 310kJ

held constant, the volume of the gas varies

inversely with the absolute pressure during a

change of state” K=mv2 = (1500kg)(72km/hr)2 (1000m/km)2

2k (2)(1kg-m/N-sec2 )(3000 sec/hr)2

a.General Gas Laws b. Joule’s Law

c. Charles’ Law d. Boyle’s Law

= 300,000 J or 300 kJ

An internally reversible process of a substance

during which the pressure remains constant.

a.isometric b.isothermal

c.adiabatic d.isobaric

the activity and configuration of its molecules

A mass of 5kg is 100m above a given datum This Law States that “ The quantity of the

where local g=9.75 m/sec2. Find the substance entering the system is equal to the

gravitational force in newton’s and the substance leaving the system”

potential energy of the mass w/ respect to the

datum. a.1st Law of Thermodynamics

b.Law of Conservation of Mass

a.49.25 N,4925 J b.52.05 N,5205 J c.Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion

c.48.75 N,4875 J d.47.85 N,4785 J d.Law of Conservation of Energy

4875 J constant, the volume of the gas varies directly

k (1kg-m/N-sec2) with the absolute temperature”

k 1 c. Charles’ Law d. Joule’s Law

where the barometer is 14.25 psia. Find the “The Acceleration of a particular body is directly

absolute pressure in Pa. proportional to the resultant force acting on it

and inversely proportional to its mass” is a

a.453 kPa b.434 kPa statement of

c.435 kPa d.443 kPa

a. Joule’s Law

P = Patm + Pg = 14.25 + 50 = 64.25 psia b. 1st Law of Thermodynamics

c. Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion

P = (64.25psia)(6894.8Pa/psi) = 443 kPa d. Boyle’s Law

During an isentropic process of 1.36 kg/sec of converted from one form to another”

air, the temperature increases from 4.44° C to a. 1st Law of Thermodynamics

115.6°C. if Cp=1.0062kNm b. Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion

kg∙K c. 2nd Law of Thermodynamics

for a non-flow process, what is ∆H? d. Law of Conservation of Mass

c.152.2 kJ/s d.152.2 Btu/s during the third calendar quarter of 1996. 719

films were exposed during this period, eight of

which were repeats. What is the repeat rate?

∆H = mCp∆T = a. 45.5% b. code 2.45% c. 1.1% d.

1.36kg/s(1.0062kNm/kg∙K)(388.75-277.59K) = 54.52%

152. kJ/s

A type of luminescence where the visible light is Who completes the development of first

emitted only during the stimulation of the computed tomographic (CT) scanner (EMI, Ltd.)

phosphor. in 1973?

a. fluorescence b. phosphorescence

c. after glow d. any of the above a. Mistretta b. Forssmann

c. Kuhl d. Hounsfield

If a heart measures 12.5 cm from side to side at It is the study of the response of an image

its widest point, and its image on chest receptor to x-rays

radiograph measures 14.7 cm, what is the

magnification factor a. sensitometry b. xeroradiography

c. xeroradiometry d. spectrometry

a. 0.85 b. 1.18 c. 0.15 d. 2.2

Ratio of radiographic contrast with a grid to that

Radiation doses in the range of without a grid

approximately200 to 1000 rad produce the

a. grid ratio

a. Gastrointestinal (GI) syndrome b. contrast improvement factor

b. Central Nervous System (CNS) syndrome c. Collidge factor

c. Hematologic syndrome d. Bucky factor

d. Prodomal syndrome

Analysis of persons irradiated therapeutically

Ratio of incident to transmitted radiation with superficial x-rays has shown that the skin

through a grid ratio of patient dose with and erythema dose required to affect 50% of

without grid persons so irradiated is about

c. Grid ratio d. Roentgen equivalent c. 600 rad d. 800 rad

private office has a maximum capacity of 100 ECG recording requires a bandwidth of 0.05 to

milliseconds of 120kVp and 500mA. What is the ____ Hz

power rating?

a. 1000 b. 540 c. 100 d. 40

a. 42 kW b. 60 kW c. 600W d. 24kW

Find the potential generated if blood flowing in

a vessel with radius 0.9 cm cuts a magnetic field

of 250 G. Assume a volume flow rate of 175

cubic cm per second

a. 206 uV b. 309 uV

c. 903 uV d. 260 uV

per cubic centimetre of air at standard

temperature and pressure (STP).

a. Curie b. Roentgen

c. Radiation absorbed dose (rad) d. Gray

color concentration of a substance in solution.

Period during which heart contracts.

c. block mode d. Synapse c. spectrophotometer d. chromatograph

c. plethysmograph d. sphygmomanometer c. electrocardiogram d.phonocardiography

imparted to an electron stream by an X-ray Recorder for measuring galvanic skin resistance

device, calculate the frequency in MHz.

c. 10^10 MHz d. 300 MHz b. electromyograph

c. electrocorporealograph

d.electrogalvanograph

10^10 MHz

won Albert Einstein the Nobel Prize in 1905. It

refers to the emission of electrons from a clean

metallic surface (phototube) when

electromagnetic radiation (light waves or X-

rays) falls onto that surface.

c. Bremsstrahlung d. Mie effect

radiation that will produce 2.08x10^9 ion pairs