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# EEE 309 Communication Theory

## Semester: July 2014

Assistant Professor
Department of EEE, BUET

Office: ECE 331, ECE Building
Part 07

## Digital Modulation / Digital

Bandpass Modulation

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Digital Modulation
Digital bit stream is transmitted using analog carrier (bandpass channel) – Digital-to-
analog conversion

Various Forms:
B. Frequency Shift Keying (FSK): BFSK, MSK, MFSK
C. Phase Shift Keying (PSK): BPSK, MPSK, DPSK, QPSK, OQPSK

## Can also be categorized as:

1. Binary modulation: (e.g., BASK, BFSK, BPSK)
2. M-ary modulation: (e.g., MASK, MFSK, MPSK, MQAM)
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Bit
sequence

OOK

BPSK

BFSK

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Generation:

For OOK, A0 = 0
OOK
Detection:
- Both envelope detection and coherent detection (same as AM)

Envelope detector

Amplitude Spectrum:

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BFSK (1)
Generation:

s(t)

Amplitude Spectrum:

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BFSK (2)
Detection:
- Both envelope detection and coherent detection

s(t)

## Envelope (noncoherent) detection

s(t)

Coherent detection
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BPSK (1)
Generation:

s(t)

(Polar NRZ)

Amplitude Spectrum:

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BPSK (2)
Detection:
- Only coherent detection

 Less susceptible to errors than ASK requiring the same bandwidth
 Less bandwidth requirement than that of FSK

More complex signal detection / recovery process than in ASK and FSK
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DPSK (1)
(For this example: 0 means
transition: Logic network
performs XNOR operation)

Generation:

## Advantage: Envelope detection can be used

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DPSK (2)

Q. Design a DPSK system (transmitter and receiver) assuming ‘1’ means transition
in phase.

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Noise in Communications (1)

## Eb = Energy per bit

N0 = Noise spectral density

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Noise in Communications (2)
Acceptable BER:
Vocoded speech: 10-2 - 10-3
Data transmission over wireless
channels: 10-5 - 10-6
Video transmission: 10-7 - 10-12
Financial data: 10-11

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