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VAPOR–COMPRESSION REFRIGERATOR

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VAPOR–COMPRESSION REFRIGERATOR

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EVAPORATOR

EXPANSION VALVE 3

1 COMPRESSOR

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CONDENSER

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cold vapor from the hot vapor from the hot liquid from the cold liquid from the
evaporator is compressed, compressor condenses condensor is depressurized, expansion valve boils inside
raisings it temperature and outside the cold box, lowering its temperature the cold box, absorbing
boiling point releasing latent heat and boiling point latent heat

adiabatic isothermal, isobaric adiabatic, isochoric isothermal, isobaric


compression condensation expansion* boiling

T, b.p. ~ P high temperature T, b.p. ~ P low temperature


T (hot) T (cold)

work done on the gas latent heat of vaporization no work done latent heat of vaporization
W>0 Q (hot) W=0 Q (cold)
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VAPOR–COMPRESSION REFRIGERATOR
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CONDENSER EVAPORATOR
hot vapor from the cold liquid from the
compressor condenses expansion valve boils inside
outside the cold box, the cold box, absorbing
releasing latent heat latent heat

isothermal, isobaric isothermal, isobaric


condensation 4 boiling

high temperature low temperature


T (hot) T (cold)

latent heat of vaporization latent heat of vaporization


Q (hot) Q (cold)

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VAPOR–COMPRESSION REFRIGERATOR

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COMPRESSOR EXPANSION VALVE
cold vapor from the hot liquid from the
evaporator is compressed, condensor is depressurized,
raisings it temperature and 2 lowering its temperature
boiling point and boiling point

adiabatic adiabatic, isochoric


compression expansion*

T, b.p. ~ P T, b.p. ~ P

work done on the gas no work done


W>0 W=0
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