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UNIT-III LAPLACE TRANSFORMS  at
7. Find L[e sin bt ]
PART - A Solution:
L[e  at sin bt ]  L[sin bt ]s  s  a
1. State the conditions for the existence of Laplace transform
of a function.  b  b
 2 2

 s  b  ss  a (s  a)  b
Solution: The sufficient conditions for the existence of the 2 2

Laplace transforms are 8. Find the Laplace transform of tcosat.


(i) f (t) should be continuous or piecewise Solution:
continuous and d
 st
L[t cos at ]   L[cos at ]
(ii) lim e f (t ) = finite i.e., f(t) should be of ds
t 
d  s 
exponential order.   2 
ds  s  a 2 
2. Does the Laplace transform of cos 2t exists?  ( s 2  a 2 )  s.2s   a2  s2  s2  a2
t      2 2 2 
 2
 (s  a )  (s  a )  (s  a )
2 2 2 2 2

cos 2t cos 2t
Solution: No. Since lim e st  lim st   9. Find L[te2t sin 2t ]
t 0 t t  0 te
d
3. Find the Laplace transform of t sin 2t. Solution: L[te2t sin 2t ] =  L[e 2t sin 2t ]
Solution: ds
d
L sin 2t  
2  L[sin 2t ]s  s  2
s 4
2 ds
d  2   0  2.2s  4s d  2 
 L t sin 2t     2    2 2
 2   2 
ds  s  4   ( s  4)  ( s  4)
2
ds  s  4  s  s  2
4. Find L[sin 5t cos 2t ] d  2 
  
Solution: ds  ( s  2)  4 
2

 sin 7t  sin 3t  1  7 3  4( s  2)
L[sin 5t cos 2t ]  L     2  2  
 2  2  s  49 s  9  {( s  2) 2  4}2
5. Find L[t 2 2t ] 10. State and prove change of scale property.
1 s
Solution: If L  f  t   f  s  then L[f(at)] = f ( )
a a
2 2
L[t 2 2t ]  L[t 2 et log 2 ]  L[t 2 ]s  s log 2   3   
 s  s  s log 2 ( s  log 2) By definition L  f  t     e st f  t  dt  f  s  , then
3

6. Find L[sin 2 t ] 0

Solution:
1  cos 2t  1  cos 2t  1 1
L[sin 2 t ]  L    L  2   L  2   2 L[1]  2 L[cos 2t ]
 2     
1 1 s 1 s
   
2s 2 s 2  22 2s 2( s 2  4)

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14. Find L1  2 1 
  s  4s  4 
L  f  at     e  st f  at  dt  
 1 
Solution: L1  2 1  1
0

 Let at = u  t = u/a  adt = du. When t = 0  u = 0 and t =   u =     L1  2 


 e 2t L1  2   e 2t t
 s  4s  4   ( s  2)  s 
 s  s  s
 u du 1  a u 1  t
 e f u  f  u  du   e  a  f  t  dt  Changing the dummy variable u as t   1  1 
a a 0
a
 e
a0 15. Find L1   2 2 
 s  s  w 
0

1 s
 f 
a a Solution:
 1  1  1  1 
t t
1
11. State Initial value theorem for Laplace transforms. L1   2 2 
 s  s  w  0
  L  2 
s  w 
2
dt  
0
w
sin wtdt

Statement : If the Laplace transforms of f(t) and f   t 


t
1  cos wt  1
    2   cos wt  1
w w 0 w
exist and L  f  t   f (s) then lim f (t )  lim s f  s 
t 0 s 
 s2 
16. Find L1  2 
 s  4s  8 
12. Find the laplace transform of unit step function.
 s2 
Solution: L1  2 
0 when t  a  s  4s  8 
Solution: Unit step function ua (t )  
1 when t  a  s2   s 
 L1    e2t L1  2 2 t
  e cos 2t
 a 
 ( s  2) 2
 4   s  4 
 L[ua (t )]   e  st ua (t )dt   e  st 0 dt   e  st 1 dt
0 0 a  s 

e 

 e  e  as
 st  as 17. Find L1  
 ( s  2)  1 
2
  e  st dt     0 
a   s a  s  s
e  as
 L[ua (t )]   s   s22   s2   1 
s L1    L1    L1    2 L1  
13. Find L1 cot 1 (s) .  ( s  2)  1   ( s  2)  1   ( s  2)  1   ( s  2)  1 
2 2 2 2

 s   1 
Solution:  e 2t L1  2   2e 2t L1  2 

Let L1 cot 1 ( s )  f (t )   s  1  s  1
L[ f (t )]  cot 1
( s)  e 2t cos t  2e 2t sin t  e 2t (cos t  2sin t )
L[tf (t )]  
d
cot 1 ( s )    1 
ds 18.Find L1  3
L[tf (t )]  2
1  ( s  2) 
s 1
Solution:
 1 
tf (t )  L1  2   sin t  1  2 t 1  1 
2
 s  1 2 t t
L1  3
 e L  s3   e

 L1 cot 1 ( s )  f (t )  
sin t  ( s  2)    2!
t

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 1  1  cos t
19. Find L1  
22. Find the Laplace transform of
 s2 t
  
Solution: 1  cos t  1 s 
L    L[1  cos t ]ds   {L[1]  L[cos t ]}ds     2  ds
2 

1
 t  s s 
s s  1
 1  2 t 1  1  2 t t

1
 s
L1    e L    e  Since L (t 2
)   
 s2  s   s  1   1

 log s  log( s  1)   log s  log( s  1) 2 
2 2

 2 s  s
1 
20. If L[ f (t )]  , find f (0).  
s( s  a) 

 
s  1 1
Solution:  log   log   log1  log 0
 s2  1 s  1
1 2
 1
1 2
 
 1  t 1  1   s s s
f (t )  L1     L  s  a  dt 1
 s2  1 
 s(s  a)  0    s 
 log    log  
 s 1   s 
t
 e  at 
t 2
1  at
  e dt  
 at
   [e  1]
0  a  0 a

1
 f (0)   [e0  1]  0. 23. Using Laplace transform, evaluate  te 2t cos tdt .
a 0

21. If L  f  t   
1  s2 1  3
, find lim f (t ) and lim f (t ) using Solution:  te2t cos tdt  L[t cos t ]   2 2

s( s  1) t 0 t 
0  ( s  1)  s  2 25
initial and final value theorems.
1
Solution: lim f (t )  lim s f  s   lim 0 24. State Convolution theorem.
s  s  1
t 0 s 
Statement: If f(t) and g(t) are functions defined for t  0,
1 then L[ f (t ) * g (t )]  L[ f (t )]L[ g (t )]
lim f  t   lim s f  s   lim 1
t  s 0 s 0 s  1

25. Find the convolution of t with et.


Solution: By the definition of convolution, we have
t
t * e   tet u du  t (et u )  (et u )   t  1  et  et  t  1.
t t

0
0

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PART-B 9. Using Laplace transform solve the differential equation
t
y ''  3 y '  4 y  2e t with y (0)  1  y ' (0).
1. Find the Laplace transform of e 4t  t sin 3tdt
12 13 2
0 ANS: y  e 4t  e  t  te  t
6 25 25 5
10. Solve the equation
ANS: [( s  4)  9]
2 2

 
2. Find the Laplace transform of the following triangular wave y '' 9 y  cos 2t , y (0)  1 and y    1 using Laplace
2
 t when o  t  
function given by f (t )   with transform.
2  t when   t  2 1 4 4
ANS: y (t )  cos 2t  cos 3t  sin 3t
1 s  5 5 5
f (t  2 )  f (t ). ANS: tanh  
 2 
2
s 11. Solve the differential equation
3. Obtain the Laplace transform of the rectangular wave d2y
 y  sin 2t ; y (0)  0, y '(0)  0 by using Laplace
 1 for 0  t  b dt 2
given by f (t )   and f (t  2b)  f (t )
1 for b  t  2b 1
transform method. ANS: [2sin t  sin 2t ]
1  sb  3
ANS: s tanh  2  12. Solve using Laplace transform technique
y '' 3 y ' 2 y  4, given that y (0)  2, y '(0)  3. ANS: y=
4. Verify the initial and final value theorem for the function
2+3et-3e2t.
f (t )  1  et (sin t  cos t ) 13. Using Laplace transform solve
Ans: IVT:2, FVT:1 y '' y  2et ; y (0)  1; y '(0)  2. ANS: y  et  sin t
  2  2
5. Find L1  tan 1  2   . ANS:  sin t sinh t 14. Solve the initial value problem
  s  t y ''  3 y '  2 y  4t , y (0)  1, y ' (0)  1
s 3 ANS: y (t )  3  2t  e2t  et .
6. Find the inverse Laplace transform of 2 ANS:
s  4 s  13 15.
16. Using convolution theorem find the inverse Laplace
sin 3t
e 2t cos 3t  5e 2t transform of 1 Ans: 1  sin 2t 
 t cos 2t 
3 ( s  4) 2
2 
8 2 
 s  s  
7. Apply convolution theorem to evaluate L1  2 2 2  17. Using Convolution theorem find L1  2 
 (s  a )   ( s  1) ( s  4) 
2 2

t sin at ANS: 1 [cos t  cos 2t ]


ANS:
2a 3
for 0  t  1
s2 18. Show that Laplace transform of f (t )   t
8. Find the inverse Laplace transform of 2  t for 1  t  2
( s 2  a 2 )( s 2  b 2 )
1  s
a sin at  b sin bt and f (t  2)  f (t ) is s 2 tanh  2  .
using Convolution theorem. ANS: .
a 2  b2

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