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GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT

LINES &ABDOMINAL REGIONS

1.SALIVARY GLANDS.

2.OESOPHAGUS.

3.STOMACH.

4.SPLEEN.

5.PANCREAS.

6.ABDOMINAL CAVITY-PERITONIUM AND


PERITONEAL CAVITY-MESENTERY.

7.MODIFICATIONS OF PERITONEUM.
8.RETROPERITONEAL STRUCTURES.

ABDOMINAL REGIONS
Organ FuFunctionnction

Lips Ingestion and fragmentation of food

Teeth Fragmentation of food or biting


Tongue Fragmentation and swallowing

Salivary Glands Fragmentation and moistening of food; swallowing

Passage of food from oral cavity to the stomach


Esophagus

Completion of fragmentation and beginning of digestion


Stomach

Digestion; emulsificaton of fats by enzymes from the pancreas


Small Intestine - duodenum and bile from the liver

Small Intestine - jejunum & ileum


Completion of digestion and absorption

Large Intestine- cecum Absorption of water from liquid residue

Large Intestine - colon Absorption of water from liquid residue

Large Intestine - rectum Storage of feces prior to defecation

Route for defecation of feces outside the body


Anus
HISTOLOGY
DEVELOPMENT OF GI TRACT
Salivary glands
OESOPHAGUS
A.shadow of air in rt. Principal bronchus
B.Mucosal fold and relation of oesophagus to
left atrium.
C. Lower Oesophagus Mucosal folds
D..Oesophagus next to soft tissue of diaphragm
E..Barium in stomach.
oesophagus in lower thorax curves towards
Oesophageal orifice of diaphragm-T10
DISTRIBUTION OF PERITONEUM

PARTS OF THE PERITONEUM: VISCERAL & PARIETAL PERITONEUM.

DOUBLE LAYER OF PERITONEUM IS MESENTERY OR LIGAMENT

VENTRAL MESENTERY: 3 PARTS


1. LESSER OMENTUM. [BETWEEN LIVER& STOMACH
2. CORONARY LIGAMENT [ LIVER & DIAPHRAGM]
3.FALCIFORM LIGAMENT, [LIVER & ANT. ABDOMINAL WALL]

DORSAL MESENTERY:
1.GREATER OMENTUM.
2.TRANSVERSE MESOCOLON
3.SIGMOID MESOCOLON.
stomach

PARTS OF STOMACH
Gastric mucosa
Stomach-dissection
BARIUM MEAL STOMACH
BARIUM MEAL
pancreas

PANCREAS:
1.HEAD
2.NECK
3.BODY
4.TAIL
SPLEEN

SPLEEN IS PART OF IMMUNE SYSTEM LYING AGAINST RIBS 9, 10, &11.

VISCERAL SURFACE OF SPLEEN

1.COLIC SURFACE.

2.GASTRIC SURFACE.

3.RENAL SURFACE

SPLENIC ARTERY-branch of coeliac axis [artery].

LIGAMENTS OF SPLEEN

1. LIENO-RENAL LIGAMENT.

2. GASTRO-SPLENIC LIGAMENT.
spleen
PERITONEAL COVERING
PERTONEL REFLESION