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Professional, Reliable and Evolutional

— Huawei GSM-R Solution


Huawei GSM-R Footprint
As early as 2002, Huawei started GSM-R technology research and product development and was
quickly recognized by the railway market as one of the most important GSM-R suppliers for railway
telecommunication solutions.

2002: Huawei begins to engage in GSM-R R&D.

2006: Huawei launches industry-first GSM-R Soft Switch Core Network.
2007: GSM-R high-speed performance is verified at 430 km/h.
2009: Huawei is awarded EIRENE compliancy certificate by Lloyd’s register.
2010: TUV Rheinland confirms Huawei’s EIRENE compliancy.
2011: Huawei completes migration from R99 Core to R4 Soft Switch on operational Daqin railway line (690 km).
2011: Huawei is awarded Sochi line (ETCS L2), Russia for 2014 Winter Olympic Games.
2012: GSM-R extends frequencies and LTE evolution support.
2012: EKB line, which is ETCS-2 standard and integrated with existing core.
2013: GSM-R South Africa awarded to Huawei.
2013: Multivendor integration completed in Turkey.
2014: GSM-R Zambia awarded to Huawei, ERTMS Regional.
2015: Deutsche Bahn awarded world’s largest GSM-R modernization project to Huawei.
Today: Huawei GSM-R covers 45,000 kilometers worldwide.

Huawei GSM-R Milestones

DB Modernization Project;
New Generation GSM-R Handheld

HLR/MSC/MGW co-OMU in one subrack

Demo for eLTE/GSMR CabRadio integration
TUV certificate for Huawei GSM-R solution
HLR/MSC/MGW in one Cabinet
Enhanced BBU redundancy
LTE Evolution 2015
GSM-R/LTE Dual Mode CN
ETCS-2 supporting for EKB line
Multi-line for ETCS L2/CTCS-3
Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong
All IP migration
TÜV certification 2013
Australia UGL Project
Lloyd’s EIRENE certification

Confirmed excellent QoS for 2012

speeds of up to 430km/h

1st GSM-R Soft Switch 2011

GSM-R R & D 2010
2006 2007
Unique Value of Huawei GSM-R
Compliance Certificates Issued by Notified Bodies and Rail Customers

·Mature reliable architecture

In May 2009, Huawei obtained an EIRENE compliancy certificate from Lloyd’s register
·Comprehensive redundancy solutions (European Notified Body).
·EIRENE compliancy track record
“In terms of functions, all GSM-R-specific functions are achieved and all functions
comply with the EIRENE specifications.
The network interfaces and signaling messages of the GSM-R system comply with the
related 3GPP protocols.”

·All equipment ready for LTE

·World’s first LTE for railway project
·Industry first SIP dispatcher interface In 2010, TUV Rheinland confirmed Huawei EIRENE compliancy in an extensive IOT
·GSM-R extended frequencies campaign performed between Funkwerk cab radio equipment and the Huawei GSM-R
·Standard compliance certified supported system.
by Notified Bodies
·IOT tested by vendor independent “The GSM-R cab radio system MESA23-05 (SW CR_SW 04.07.03) has been assessed
rail authority
within the Huawei GSM-R Trackside Network (configuration according to chapter 4.2.4)
·High speed validated in respect of compliance with the applicable requirements. No deviations from the
interoperability requirements have been revealed.”

Professional In 2012, Huawei GSM-R received the EN50126 Compliance certification.

“LIoyd’s Register Rail certifies that Huawei’s GSM-R development process can be
considered as meeting the relevant requirements of EN50126.”
Huawei’s GSM-R solution is strictly developed in compliance with GSM-R standards and it’s main architecture
consists of an IP core network, Base Station Controller, conventional and distributed base stations as well as
a range of mobile stations. To offer maximum flexibility to customers, Huawei’s GSM-R solution incorporates
products — such as dispatcher sets, and cab radios — from market-leading GSM-R sub-system suppliers. Strict
compliance across interfaces allows Huawei customers to mix and match multi-vendor GSM-R infrastructures
(i.e., a core network supplied by vendor A and an access (BSS) network supplied by vendor B. These multi-
vendor infrastructures have operated for many years and have repeatedly been validated by rail customers
In 2014, Huawei GSM-R solution fully passed TUV certification.
in China, Turkey and Germany. Huawei GSM-R products are developed strictly according to the latest EIRENE
specifications and meet all functional and Quality of Service (QoS) requirements required for interoperability. “According to /2008/57/EC/, /2012/88/EU/ and /2012/696/EU/ the GSM-R 5.0 network
elements are elements of the part radio communication of the track-side control-
command and signaling subsystem.”
Comprehensive IOT Coverage
As early as 2005, Huawei started extensive interoperability campaigns with market-leading GSM-R peripheral
equipment suppliers. Huawei’s GSM-R labs offer all necessary facilities to integrate the latest features and Full Redundancy Solution
customer specific developments for the rail transport segment. In the past, we performed interoperability test
with the most important market players of GSM-R products.
GSM-R plays an important role as bearer service for ETCS L2 data. The highest reliability is needed to ensure
railway operation can be maintained uninterrupted. Huawei’s GSM-R solution is designed to ensure the
Today, Huawei’s GSM-R solution has been successfully interoperability tested with GSM-R infrastructures (core highest reliability through a three-tier strategy involving board, network element, and system levels. At the
and access sub systems) from Nokia and Nortel/Kapsch. Some of these networks have been in rail operation board level, 1+1 hot backup modes are applied to all major boards. In addition, software-error tolerance
for many years. For terminals and other OEM sub-systems, Huawei integrated GSM-R solutions from SIEMENS, technologies are used on each board to provide failure isolation, flow control, task monitoring, storage
Funkwerk, Frequentis, Selex, Sierra Wireless, and many more. protection, data verification, as a few examples. At the network element level, Huawei’s GSM-R solution
offers several types of nodal backup options. For the GSM-R core network, a geographical redundancy such as
dual-homing MSC, Mini-A-Flex, duo-location, SGSN/GGSN pool, and 1+1HLR redundancy options are applied
In several commercial projects, Huawei’s GSM-R solution is fully integrated into other vendor’s GSM-R to further enhance overall network reliability and availability. These redundancy options are a perfect tool for
infrastructures (NSS and BSS). For example, avoiding network service interruptions in case of major incidents (such as loss of a complete site). In addition
to the core network, special focus has been given to the BSC, which for GSM-R is considered a reliability
-for China’s Cheng Guan line, Huawei’s GSM-R NSS interconnects with Nokia GSM-R NSS,
bottleneck. With Huawei’s BSC hot backup solution, this bottleneck has been eliminated using a BSC 1+1
-in Guangzhou-Shenzhen Express Line, Huawei BSS is fully integrated with Nokia Core-Network redundancy technology. At the BTS level, Huawei’s co-site double coverage feature is used to ensure high
-in Xinfeng shunting yard, Huawei BSS is fully integrated with Nortel/Kapsch NSS. reliability, because the BTS creates two cells coexisting within the same site location. If one cell fails, the other
cell takes over, dramatically improving overall system reliability.
-In Turkey Huawei’s BSS is fully integrated with the existing Nokia core network for the Eskisehir-Alayunt-
Kutahya-Balikesir, EKB ERTMS line.

Validated High Speed Coverage

High-speed trains help railways gain market share in passenger traffic and answer customer demands for
mobility. In wireless communications, high-speed brings challenges; for example, the Doppler frequency shift
requires highly sophisticated technology to re-structure RF signal quality, with speed- handovers appear more
frequently, which, again, add to the end-to-end system’s overall QoS. Therefore, for high-speed trains, new
technologies are needed to combat the challenges of velocity.

Automatic Frequency Correction (AFC) is used in the Huawei GSM-R solution to resolve the challenges caused
by the Doppler frequency shift, and highly sophisticated handover algorithms are used to enable smooth
handovers even in high speed situations. To further reduce the impact on QoS by handovers, Huawei’s
distributed BTS completely avoids frequent handovers across many BTS sites, eliminating any QoS impact
caused by handovers for a significant extent of the network. These technologies have proven their potential
on railway lines like the Shanghai Maglev line, which is operating at speeds of 430 km/h. In China, Huawei’s
high speed GSM-R solution is used on the Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway line, which is a CTCS level 3 (coherent
with ETCS L2) line operating at 350 km/h, as well as a number of other lines operating at similar speeds.
Only Huawei Can Provide an ALL NE Hot Backup Solution !
Reliability Methodology
Customer References
Professional tools are used to analyze network-wide system reliability and help deploy the most reliable
network architecture for a GSM-R project. Necessary reliability parameters, including failure modes, recovery
time, and redundancy modes are considered as input for the tool. As a result, a reliability block diagram is
Leading in Incremental Markets with Strong Growth
created highlighting key figures for each of the involved network elements, which helps the design team
predict overall system reliability, identify the most vulnerable network components, and improve the final
networking design.


Extended Services Evolutional Equipment Matured lndustry Chain

Chipset Module

eCNS300 BTS3900
BTS3900 DBS3900
DBS3900 Terminals
Terminals Power Supply
Power Supply

More Wireless
More Wireless Broadband
Broadband Services
Services Evolution by
Evolution by Module
Midule Switch
and Multiple Terminals,Special
Multiple Terminals,Special Chipset
Chipset and
Software Update
Software Update Module, and Diversified Power Supply
Module, and Diversified Power Supply
Video surveillance
Video surveillance ATCA CN
ATCA CN same
same platform
platform with
with LTE
LTE Multiple terminals
Multiple terminals adapt
adapt rail
rail scenarios
Passenger voice
Passenger voice and
and data
data services
services Dual-mode BTS,evolution
Dual-mode BTS,evolution by
by switch
switch LTE chipset
LTE chipser and
and module
module open
vendors As of Q4 2015, Huawei GSM-R solution was awarded a total of 45,000 kilometers…
baseband module
baseband module

Huawei GSM-R soution is ready for evolutionto LTE !

Huawei GSM-R soution is ready for evolutionto LTE for Rail!
Success Story 1: Sochi Line — Supporting the 2014 Winter Games in
The Sochi railway is a modern transport infrastructure being prepared for the XXII Olympic Games and XI
In the railway industry, demands for broadband data services are rapidly increasing. For example, video
Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi, Russia, in 2014. It runs about 155 kilometers with passing Tuapse , Sochi,
surveillance and PIS are required to improve railway safety and passenger satisfaction. To fulfill these
Adler, Alpika Service, and Vesyeloe.
requirements, wireless broadband data services are needed. Long Term Evolution (LTE) is seen as the candidate
that can fulfill these data requirements and, at the same time, allow railways to smoothly upgrade from their At the end of 2011, Huawei was awarded the contract to build Sochi’s GSM-R network, including the access
existing GSM-R infrastructure. As the next generation of railway wireless communications technology, LTE is and core networks. To guarantee the highest reliability for the Sochi railway, Huawei is supplying a hot-
being studied by many railway bodies and Huawei is strongly supporting these studies. The migration from standby core network. Dual-homing Mobile Switch Center (MSC), duo-location BSC and redundant TRX
GSM-R to LTE is seen as a natural evolutionary path, especially considering that these technologies already co- guarantee superior end-to-end redundancy for the entire network. Along the railway line, there are 12 tunnels
exist in many consumer communication devices. As a truly global vendor in the telecommunications industry, at a total length of 30 kilometers. As in other projects, Huawei is installing DBS3900 distributed base stations
Huawei is a major player in the advanced GSM and LTE technologies. Based on shared hardware platforms to meet customer requirements for this complex rail environment.
and smart radio site solutions, Huawei’s GSM-R today supports the evolution from GSM-R to LTE for rail.
Huawei’s GSM-R single-cabinet core network (eCNS300) adopts the ATCA platform, offering the advantages Opening of the Sochi railway is considered a significant milestone in meeting the passenger transport
of excellent performance and high integration. More important, the eCNS300 can evolve from GSM-R into demands for the Sochi Winter Olympics. After the Olympics, Huawei’s GSM-R solution will continue delivering
LTE, thanks to its capability to support not only GSM-R but also LTE. On the other hand, Huawei’s dual-mode services for an improved rail transport system to the entire Sochi region and will play a significant role in
base station, BTS3900, supports both GSM-R and LTE. tourism and the economy.
Success Story 2: EKB Line — ERTMS L2 Multi-vendor System for Turkey
Measuring 466 kilometers in length and designed for speeds of up to 160 km/h, the Eskisehir, Kutahya, and
Balıkesir (EKB) line is an integral part of the “Nine-Year Plan for High-Speed Railway” launched by the Turkish
State Railways (TCDD). The EKB Line will greatly enhance interconnectivity between Eskisehir, Kutahya, and
other major Turkish cities, promoting economic development in the local communities.

Huawei was awarded the contract in 2012 to provide wireless access equipment for the EKB project. The EKB
line winds through 42 tunnels and requires high-quality GSM-R service. The rugged terrain poses significant
challenges to construction, including site selection for base stations, comprehensive signal coverage
requirements, and smooth communications throughout each tunnel. Leveraging its latest innovations in
GSM-R, Huawei offers TCDD a unique distributed base station technology. The new technology features the
RRU multi-site co-cell, which provides improved quality of service under complex situations and maximum
deployment flexibility, as well as enhanced tunnel coverage along the line.

The EKB Line GSM-R communication system marks the first ETCS L2 train signaling system in Turkey. The
Turkish GSM-R system represents a typical multivendor network. For this line, Huawei’s GSM-R was fully
integrated with core networks from the existing GSM-R vendor.

Success Story 3: Cape Town-Durban-Gauteng Line— Sub-Saharan Africa’s

First GSM-R Railway
The Cape Town-Durban-Gauteng Railway line is in the first phase of a countrywide GSM-R project in South
Africa. This first section will have a total length of 1,200 kilometers and a designed speed of 120 km/h. The
Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA) is replacing its traditional MTP1327 analog system deployed
15 years ago. The analog system’s purpose was to provide ground-to-train voice services. The GSM-R digital
signaling radio system will significantly improve passenger rail transport for large portions of South Africa’s

Huawei was awarded the GSM-R contract for access and core network architectures in 2013. Huawei’s latest
evolution of wireless rail communication technology will make available operational GSM-R voice and data
services. The new system is designed to meet Europe’s ETCS L2 train signaling system requirements. It consists
of a series of network infrastructure products and solutions, including distributed GSM-R base stations, IP-core
network, and optical transmission equipment.

Success Story 4: Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express

Huawei Technologies was selected to design and build a GSM-R voice and data communication system for the
high-speed line between the cities of Shenzhen and Guangzhou. The Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong line,
using a CTCS-3 train signaling system (compliant with ETCS L2), was China’s first operational GSM-R line with
a speed designed to reach 350 km/h.

About one-third of the high-speed line runs through hilly terrain that required extensive construction of
bridges, cuttings, and tunnels. The 10.8-kilometer Shiziyang tunnel, the system’s longest, is an underwater
dual-cave shield tunnel that reflects the shape of the shuttle and leaves very little room for RF equipment.

Huawei’s BSS solution for this challenging environment consisted of a combination of conventional BTS and
repeater equipment, as well as distributed base stations. Huawei GSM-R is compatible with the two signaling
systems of the mainland and Hong Kong and interworks with NSS equipment provided by other vendors. This
project speeds rail access from Hong Kong to 16 mainland cities.
Huawei GSM-R Solution


Bantian, Longgang District
Shenzhen518129, P. R. China