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MALAYAN COLLEGES LAGUNA

A MAPUA SCHOOL
SCHOOL YEAR 2017-2018

REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN


(LABORATORY)
CE133L

SUBMITTED BY:
ALDEGUER, ALCHEA NICHOLE A.
BERNARDO, JEDDY ANN A.
GADINGAN, FAYE ANGELA T.
LANUZA, ANNE PAULINE A.

SUBMITTED TO:
ENGR. NESLYN LOPEZ

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements


For the Degree of Bachelor of Science in
Civil Engineering

DECEMBER 2017

1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 4

INTRODUCTION 5

DESIGN CRITERIA 7

ARCHITECTURAL PLANS 11

PERSPECTIVE: P-1 11
GROUND FLOOR PLAN 12
SECOND FLOOR PLAN 13
THIRD- FIFTH FLOOR PLAN 14
FRONT ELEVATION 15
REAR ELEVATION 16
LEFT AND RIGHT ELEVATION 17

STRUCTURAL PLANS 18

FOUNDATION PLAN 18
FRAMING PLAN 19

STRUCTURAL DETAILS 20

TYPICAL BEAM SECTION 20


COLUMN DETAILS 21

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 22

DESIGN MOMENTS 22
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – ROW A (LEFT) 22
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – COLUMN 18 25
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – ROW B (RIGHT) 28
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – COLUMN 19 30
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – ROW A (RIGHT) 32
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – COLUMN 7 34
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – ROW B (LEFT) 38

2
FLOOR FRAMING PLAN – COLUMN 789 (MIDDLE) 42
SHEAR DESIGN 45
COLUMN 7 45
ROW B (LEFT) 51
BEAM DESIGN 57
ROW A (LEFT) 57
COLUMN 18 57
ROW B (RIGHT) 58
COLUMN 19 58
ROW A (RIGHT) 59
COLUMN 7 59
ROW B (LEFT) 60
COLUMN 789 (MIDDLE) 60
COLUMN DESIGN 61
COLUMN A10 (EXTERIOR) 61
COLUMN B10 (INTERIOR) 63
SLAB DESIGN 65
ONE-WAY SLAB DESIGN 65
TWO-WAY SLAB DESIGN 67

3
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

This paper wouldn’t be possible without the help from our professors, friends,
and families and of course our almighty father.

We would like to express our deepest gratitude to our professor, Engineer


Neslyn Lopez, who served as our leader and controller throughout this
project. With her guidance, we were able to overcome challenging
situations that we faced in our project. Her never-ending support and
motivation shined light on us during the times when we were too tired to finish
the project.

Huge thanks also to Engineer Ada Vianca Rebutiaco, who is our professor in
our lecture class. She mentored us and entertained our every question about
the project. Even though this wasn’t her subject to teach, she didn’t hesitate
to share her knowledge with us.

We would also like to acknowledge our institution for providing us with the
resources we need like technologies and textbooks. This project wouldn’t be
complete with the knowledge we have attained from these resources.

To all of us who put the effort, ideas and knowledge into this project, thank
you. Our teamwork for the accomplishment of our subject was
unquestionable.

Last but definitely not the least; we would like to put all the praise to our
almighty father for giving us the strength, knowledge and resources to
complete this project.

4
INTRODUCTION

The objective of this outcome-based project is to distinguish how many


lessons the students learned throughout the course syllabus that was
discussed. In this project, the students will be able to understand the
importance of Reinforced Concrete Design. It will also help them to be
familiar in the computation and process in designing because this project is
an example of a real life base application. This project also has an objective
to develop the problem-solving skills of the students and their ability to design
a structure.

Concrete is a composite material used in building structure. It is composed of


three basic components which are cement, sand and gravel which are
proportioned carefully to obtain a strong and durable mix. In making
concrete, the ratio of the components is important and must be computed
correctly in order to determine the compressive strength of the concrete
mixture. It is said that the more water present in the mixture, the weaker the
concrete mix will be. However, if the water is lesser or somewhat dry but still
workable, the stronger the concrete mix you will have.

Since concrete itself is relatively low tensile strength, inclusion of


reinforcement is needed to obtain a higher tensile strength. It is also said that
plain concrete does not easily withstand the tensile strength and shear
stresses caused by wind, earthquakes, vibrations, and other natural
phenomena wherein the loads that it carries is impossible to determine. A
plain concrete that uses steel bars, steel rods or steel mesh as reinforcement
is called “Reinforced Concrete”.

In reinforced concrete, steel reinforcement and concrete are two materials


that act together to sustain the stresses over the span. They also work
together to resist forces in which plain concrete has higher compressive
strength while the steel reinforcement has higher tensile strength. Structures
such as slabs, walls, columns, foundations, beams and frames are one of the
different types of structures and components that can be built using
reinforced concrete.

5
In using reinforced concrete, there are advantages and disadvantages to
be considered. One of the major advantages of reinforced concrete is that it
is stronger than the plain concrete especially in constructing modern or
complicated structures. It is also fire and weather resistance that can
withstand a good amount of tensile stress. On the other hand, the
disadvantage of using this type of concrete is that the forms used for casting
reinforced concrete is costly. Shrinkage may also present when using
reinforced concrete wherein it will cause crack development and strength
loss.

Studying the concept of Structural Analysis is important in designing a


structural member that is composed of reinforced concrete, because it
focuses on the behavior of the structure under different types of loads. The
theory of reinforced concrete depends upon the bond between steel and
concrete. Therefore the steel reinforced bar that was used are deformed or
ribbed to make a strong bond and avoid chances of slip.

6
DESIGN CRITERIA
1.0 General
This document defines the structural engineering requirements and
design philosophy for the proposed structure. Included herein is a list of
applicable codes, standards, and specifications used as reference in
determining the parametric values, the concept adopted for the proposed
framing systems, the bases upon which the design criteria is established,
methods/procedures used for the design and analysis of the structures and
computer programs pertaining to the project.
1.1. General Project Description
Project Name: 3-Storey Commercial-Residential Building
Project Location: San Pedro, Laguna
Client’s Name: Ms. Patricia Mae Lanuza

2.0 Applicable Codes, Standards and Specifications


The design shall be in accordance with all the applicable laws and
regulations of the Government of the Philippines and with the applicable
local codes and ordinances. A summary of the codes and industry standards
to be used in the design shall be as follows:
2.1 Design Codes and Standards
2.1.1 National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP), Volume
1 – Buildings, Towers and Other Vertical Structures, Sixth
Edition 2010
2.1.2 Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines
(ASEP), Steel Handbook, 2004 Edition
2.1.3 1997 Uniform Building Code (UBC), Volume 2, Structural
Engineering Design Provisions
2.1.4 Product Std. Agency (PSA) Publications (Philippines): PNS
07 Specification for Portland Cement PNS 18 Specification
for Concrete Aggregates PNS 49 Specification for Steel
bars for Concrete reinforcement PNS 16 Specification for
Concrete Hollow Block
2.1.5 American Concrete Institute (ACI) Publications:

7
ACI 318-08 Building Code Requirement for Structural
Concrete ACI 350-01 Code Requirements for
Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures and
Commentary
2.1.6 American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC)
Publications:
Manual of Steel Construction, Allowable Stress Design, 9th
Edition Detailing of Steel Construction
2.1.7 American Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM)
Publication.
2.1.8 American Society of Civil Engineers Standards (ASCE 7-05)
Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and other Structures
2.1.9 American Iron & Steel Institute (ANSI) Publications:
Structural Basis of Design PROPOSED 2-STOREY DUPLEX
(CASACOP RESIDENCE) Specification for the design of
Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members
2.1.10 American Welding Society (AWS) Publication:
D1.1 Structural Welding Code - Steel D1.2 Structural
Welding Code – Sheet Steel

4.1 Preparation of Concrete


4.1.6 Admixture to be used in concrete shall be subjected to
prior approval by the Structural Engineer.

4.1.7 Cement and aggregate shall be stored in such a manner


as to prevent their deterioration or the intrusion of foreign
matter.
4.1.8 Concrete cylinder supplies for strength tests of each class of
concrete shall be neither less than twice a day nor less
than once for each 100 m3 of concrete on for each 500
m2 of surface is placed.

The cylinder samples for strength tests shall be taken cured


and tested in accordance with ASTM C172, ASTM C31,
and ASTM MC39.

8
4.1.9 Acceptance of concrete

Concrete poured will be considered satisfactory if the


average of all sets of this consecutive strength test result
equal to exceed the required fc’ by more than 3,478 kPa.

4.1.10 Core test and load tests

If the individual tests in the laboratory cured cylinder


samples produced strength more than 3,478 kPa below fc’
core tests and or load tests may be resorted to the
approval by the Structural engineer.

4.1.11 Mixing of concrete

All concrete shall be mixed until these are a uniform


distribution of the materials and shall be discharge
completely before the mixer is recharged.

4.1.12 Conveying of concrete

Concrete shall be conveyed from the mixer to the place of


final deposit by methods, which will prevent the separation
of loss of materials.

4.1.13 Deposition of concrete

Concrete shall be deposited as nearly as practicable in its


final position to avoid aggregation to the handling of
flowing.

4.1.14 Curing

Concrete shall be maintained in a moist condition for at


least 7 days after placing. Wet burlap may be laid over
the slab constantly applied with water.

4.2 Concrete Mixes

Unless otherwise indicated in the drawings, the minimum


28-day cylinder compressive strength shall be as follow.

9
4.3 Reinforced Concrete Slabs

4.3.1 Unless otherwise noted in the plans or specifications,


camber all R.C. slabs 3 mm per 3000 mm of shorter span.

4.3.2 If slabs are reinforced both ways, bars along the shorter
shall be placed below those along the long span at the
center and over longer span bars near the supports.

4.3.3 Length of the bar cut off shall be specified in the plan.

4.3.4 For flat slabs long span bottom bars shall be placed below
the short span bars, and top bars vice-versa.

4.3.5 Concrete covering shall be 40 mm bottom bars.

4.3.6 Unless otherwise specified by the Engineer, bar shall be


provided or at least 600 mm each way to support top and
bottom bars separately.

4.4 Reinforced Concrete Columns

4.4.1 Unless otherwise indicated, the column pedestal


embedded in the ground shall be 50 mm longer that the
columns as per at the basement floor level or ground floor
if there’s no basement.

10
ARCHITECTURAL PLANS
PERSPECTIVE: P-1

11
GROUND FLOOR PLAN

12
SECOND FLOOR PLAN

13
THIRD- FIFTH FLOOR PLAN

14
FRONT ELEVATION

15
REAR ELEVATION

16
LEFT AND RIGHT ELEVATION

LEFT ELEVATION

RIGHT ELEVATION

17
STRUCTURAL PLANS
FOUNDATION PLAN

18
FRAMING PLAN

19
STRUCTURAL DETAILS
TYPICAL BEAM SECTION

20
COLUMN DETAILS

21
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
DESIGN MOMENTS
Floor Framing Plan – Row A (Left)

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa Commercial-
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

6.05 m 5.95 m 6.50 m 7.50 m 6.00 m

6.05 m

 L/S = 7.50/6.05 = 1.239609421< 2; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/3) (3-(S/L)2)
= (4.888x6.05/3)(3-(6.05/7.50)2)
Wu = 23.15803691 kN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

22
Wutot = 3.456+23.15803691
= 26.6143691 kN/m

 Design Moments:

(wL2)/14 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/14

26.61 kN/m

(wL2)/16 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = (wL2)/14
= ((26.61) (6.052))/14
= 69.570 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/16
= ((26.61) (5.952))/16
= 58.879 kN.m

M3 = (wL2)/16
= ((26.61) (6.50)2)/16
= 70.267 kN.m

M4 = (wL2)/16
= ((26.61) (7.50)2)/16
= 93.551 kN.m

M5 = (wL2)/14
= ((26.61) (7.50)2)/14
= 68.426 kN.m

23
 Negative moments:
M1 = (wL2)/16
= ((26.61) (6.05)2)/16
= 60.875 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/10
= ((26.61) (6.05)2)/10
= 97.399 kN.m

M3 = (wL2)/11
= ((26.61) (5.95)2)/11
= 85.642 kN.m

M4 = (wL2)/11
= ((26.61) (5.95)2)/11
= 85.642 kN.m

M5 = (wL2)/11
= ((26.61) (6.50)2)/11
= 102.207 kN.m

M6 = (wL2)/11
= ((26.61) (6.50)2)/11
= 102.207 kN.m

M7 = (wL2)/11
= ((26.61) (7.50)2)/11
= 136.074 kN.m

M8 = (wL2)/11
= ((26.61) (7.50)2)/11
= 136.074 kN.m

M9 = (wL2)/10
= ((26.61) (6.00)2)/10
= 95.796 kN.m

M10 = (wL2)/16
= ((26.61) (6.00)2)/16
= 59.873 kN.m

24
Floor Framing Plan – Column 18

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa Commercial-
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

6.00 m 6.00 m 5.00 m 5.00 m

6.00 m

6.00 m

6.00 m

 L/S = 6/6= 1< 2 ; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu = 1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/3)
= (4.888 x 6.05 / 3)
= 2 x 9.857466667 kN/m
Wu = 19.71493333 kN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

25
 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight =1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 19.71493333 kN/m


= 23.17093333 kN/m
 Design Moments:

(wL2)/14 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/14

23.171 kN/m

(wL2)/16 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = (wL2)/14
= ((23.171) (6)2)/14
= 59.583 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/16
= ((23.171) (6)2)/16
= 52.135 kN.m

M3 =(wL2)/16
= ((23.171) (5)2)/16
= 36.205 kN.m

M4 =(wL2)/14
= ((23.171) (5)2)/14
= 41.377 kN.m

26
 Negative moments:

M1 = (wL2)/16
= ((23.171) (6)2)/16
= 52.135 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/1 0
= ((23.171) (6)2)/10
= 83.416 kN.m

M3 = M4 = (wL2)/11
= ((23.171) (6)2)/11
= 75.832 kN.m

M5 = M6 = (wL2)/11
= ((23.171) (5)2)/11
= 52.661 kN.m

M7 = (wL2)/1 0
= ((23.171) (5)2)/10
= 57.928 kN.m

M8 = (wL2)/16
= ((23.171) (5)2)/16
= 36.205 kN.m

27
Floor Framing Plan – Row B (Right)

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa Commercial-
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m 6.00 m

 L/S = 6/6 = 1< 2; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/3)
= (4.888x6/3)
= 9.776 x 2
Wu = 19.552 kN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 19.552


= 28.008 kN/m

28
 Design Moments:

wL2/14 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/14

28.008 kN/m

wL2/16 wL2/10 wL2/11 wL2/10 wL2/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = M10 = (wL2)/14
= ((28.008) (6)2)/14
= 72.021 kN.m

M2 = M9 = (wL2)/16
= ((28.008) (6)2)/16
= 63.018 kN.m

M 3 = M4 = M 5 =
M6 = M7 = M8 = (wL2)/16
= ((28.008) (6)2)/16
= 63.018 kN.m

 Negative moments:

M1 = M20 = (wL2)/16
= ((28.008) (6)2)/16
= 63.018 kN.m

M2 = M19 = (wL2)/10
= ((28.008) (6)2)/10
= 100.829 kN.m

M 3 = M4 = M 5 = M 6 = M 7 = M8
= M9 = M10 = M11 = M12 = M13
= M14 = M15 = M16 = M17 = M18 = (wL2)/11
= ((28.008) (6)2)/11
= 91.663 kN.m

29
Floor Framing Plan – Column 19

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa Commercial-
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

6.00 m 6.00 m 5.00 m 5.00 m

6.00 m

 L/S = 6/6= 1< 2 ; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu = 1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/3)
= (4.888 x 6 / 3)
Wu = 9.776 kN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight =1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 9.776 kN/m


= 13.232 kN/m

30
 Design Moments:

(wL2)/14 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/14

13.232 kN/m

(wL2)/16 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/11 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = (wL2)/14 M2 = (wL2)/16
= ((13.232) (6)2)/14 = ((13.232) (6)2)/16
= 34.025 kN.m = 29.772 kN.m

M3 = (wL2)/16 M4 = (wL2)/14
= ((13.232) (5)2)/14 = ((13.232) (5)2)/16
= 23.629 kN.m = 20.675 kN.m

 Negative moments:

M1 = (wL2)/16 M5 = (wL2)/16
= ((13.232) (6)2)/16 = ((13.232) (5)2)/11
= 29.772 kN.m = 30.073 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/16 M6 = (wL2)/16
= ((13.232) (6)2)/10 = ((13.232) (5)2)/11
= 47.635 kN.m = 30.073 kN.m

M3 = (wL2)/10 M7 = (wL2)/10
= ((13.232) (6)2)/11 = ((13.232) (5)2)/10
= 43.305 kN.m = 33.080 kN.m

M4 = (wL2)/10 M8 = (wL2)/10
= ((13.232) (6)2)/11 = ((13.232) (5)2)/16
= 43.305 kN.m = 20.675 kN.m

31
Floor Framing Plan – Row A (Right)

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa Commercial-
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m 6.00m

6.00 m

 L/S = 6/6 = 1< 2; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Triangular to Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/3)
= (4.888x6/3)
Wu = 9.776 kN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 9.776


= 13.232 kN/m

32
 Design Moments:

wL2/14 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/16 wL2/14

13.232 kN/m

wL2/16 wL2/10 wL2/11 wL2/10 wL2/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = M10 = (wL2)/14
= ((13.232) (6)2)/14
= 34.025 kN.m

M2 = M9 = (wL2)/16
= ((13.232) (6)2)/16
= 29.772 kN.m

M 3 = M4 = M 5 =
M6 = M7 = M8 = (wL2)/16
= ((13.232) (6)2)/16
= 29.772 kN.m

 Negative moments:

M1 = M20 = (wL2)/16
= ((13.232) (6)2)/16
= 29.772 kN.m

M2 = M19 = (wL2)/10
= ((13.232) (6)2)/10
= 47.635 kN.m

M 3 = M4 = M 5 = M 6 = M 7 = M8
= M9 = M10 = M11 = M12 = M13
= M14 = M15 = M16 = M17 = M18 = (wL2)/11
` = ((13.232) (6)2)/11
= 43.305 kN.m

33
Floor Framing Plan – Column 7

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa Commercial-
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

4.15 m 8.00 m 4.15 m

2.40 m

 L/S = 4.15/2.40 = 1.7< 2; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/3) (3-(S/L)2)
= (4.888x6/3) (3-(2.40/4.15)2)
Wu = 26.058 KN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 26.058


= 29.514 kN/m

34
 L/S = 8.00/2.40 = 3.3< 2; One Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Uniform Load:

Wu = (PuS/2)

Wu1 = (4.888x2.40/2)
Wu1 = 5.866 KN/m

From Column 789:


Wu2 = (4.888x3.5/2)
Wu2 = 8.554 KN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 5.866 + 8.554


= 17.876 kN/m

 Using Moment Diagram Method:

29.514 KN/m 29.514 KN/m


17.876 KN/m

A D
4.15 m 8.00 m 4.15 m
B C

35
SPAN AB BC CD
JOINT A B C D
MEM AB BA BC CB CD DC
LENGTH 4.15 4.15 8 8 4.15 4.15
W 29.514 29.514 17.876 17.876 29.514 29.514
K 0.964 0.5 0.5 0.964
DF 0 0.658 0.342 0.342 0.658 0
FEM -42.359 42.359 -89.07 89.07 -42.359 42.359
DIST 1 0 30.736 15.975 -15.975 -30.736 0
CO 1 15.368 0 -7.988 7.988 0 -15.368
DIST 2 0 5.256 2.732 -2.732 -5.256 0
CO 2 2.628 0 -1.366 1.366 0 -2.628
DIST 3 0 0.899 0.467 -0.467 -0.899 0
M -24.363 79.25 -79.25 79.25 -79.25 24.363
REACTIONS 48.016 74.467 71.504 71.504 74.467 48.016
TOTAL 48.016 145.971 145.971 48.016

 Shear and Moment Diagram

29.514 KN/m 29.514 KN/m


17.876 KN/m
MA MD

RA RB RC RD
V-DIAG (KN)
71.504 74.467
48.016

48.016
74.467 71.504
M-DIAG (KN.m) 63.766

14.698 14.698

24.363 24.363

79.242 79.242

36
 Positive moments:

M1 = 14.698 KN.m

M2 = 63.766 KN.m

M3 = 14.698 KN.m

 Negative moments:

M1 = 24.363 KN.m

M2 = M3 = M4 = M5 = 79.242 KN.m

M6 = 24.363 KN.m

37
Floor Framing Plan – Row B (Left)

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Commercial-
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

 L/S = 6.05/5.95 = 1.017 < 2; Two Way Analysis


L/S = 5.95/1.50 = 3.306 > 2; One Way Analysis
L/S = 6.50/1.50 = 3.611 > 2; One Way Analysis
L/S = 7.50/1.50 = 4.170 > 2; One Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:


Wu = (PuS/3) (3-(S/L)2)
= [(4.888x5.95)/3] (3-(5.95/6.05)2)
Wu = 19.707 KN/m

38
 Uniform Load:
W = PuS/2
= (4.888)(5.95)
= 14.5418 KN/m

W = Pu S
= (4.888)(6.50)/2
= 15.886 KN/m

W = Pu S
= (4.888)(7.50)/2
= 18.33 KN/m

 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 19.707 + 26.6143691 KN/m


= 49.7773691 KN/m

Wutot = 3.456 + 14.5418 + 26.6143691 KN/m


= 44.6121691 KN/m

Wutot = 3.456 + 15.886 + 26.6143691 KN/m


= 45.9563691 KN/m

Wutot = 3.456 + 18.33 + 26.6143691 KN/m


= 48.4003691 KN/m

39
 Design Moments:

(wL2)/14 (wL2)/16 (wL2)/14

(wL2)/16 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = (wL2)/14
= ((49.7773691) (6.05)2)/14
= 130.1412 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/16
= (44.6121691) (5.95)2)/16
= 98.7114 kN.m

M3 = (wL2)/16
= ((45.9563691) (6.50)2)/16
= 121.3535 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/14
= (48.4003691) (7.50)2)/14
= 194.4658 kN.m

 Negative moments:

M1 = (wL2)/16
= ((49.7773691) (6.05)2)/16
= 113.87365 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/10
= ((49.7773691) (6.05)2)/10
= 182.1976 kN.m

40
M3 = M4 = (wL2)/11
= ((44.6121691) (5.95)2)/11
= 143.5802 kN.m

M5 = M6 = (wL2)/11
= ((45.9563691) (6.50)2)/11
= 176.5142 kN.m

M7 = (wL2)/10
= ((48.4003691) (7.50)2)/10
= 272.2521 kN.m

M8 = (wL2)/16
= ((48.4003691) (7.50)2)/16
= 170.1575 kN.m

41
Floor Framing Plan – Column 789 (middle)

 Dead loads  Live Loads


Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa
Floor Finish=0.05 kPa Commercial-
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa Residential=1.9 kPa
M&E=0.20 kPa

 L/S = 7/3.5 = 2 < 2; Two Way Analysis


L/S = 5/3.5 = 1.42 < 2; Two Way Analysis

 Floor Pressure: Pu =1.2(1.10+0.05+0.19+0.20) + 1.6(1.9)


Pu = 4.888 kPa

 Convert Trapezoidal to Uniform Load:


Wu = (PuS/3) (3-(S/L)2)
= [(4.888x3.5)/3] (3-(3.5/7)2)
Wu = 15.682 KN/m

Wu = (PuS/3) (3-(S/L)2)
= [(4.888x3.5)/3] (3-(3.5/5)2)
Wu = 14.314 KN/m

42
 Self-Weight Beam:

Self-Weight = 24kN/m3 (0.4) (0.3)


= 2.88 kN.m

 Factoring Dead Load:

Wu self-weight = 1.2(2.88)
= 3.456 kN.m

Wutot = 3.456 + 15.682 KN/m


= 19.138 KN/m

Wutot = 3.456 + 14.314 KN/m


= 17.770 KN/m

 Design Moments:

(wL2)/14 (wL2)/14

(wL2)/16 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/10 (wL2)/16

 Positive moments:

M1 = (wL2)/14
= ((19.138) (7)2)/14
= 66.983 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/14
= ((17.770) (5)2)/14
= 31.732 kN.m

43
 Negative moments:

M1 = (wL2)/16
= ((19.138) (7)2)/16
= 58.610 kN.m

M2 = (wL2)/10
= ((19.138) (7)2)/10
= 93.7762 kN.m

M3 = (wL2)/10
= ((17.770) (5)2)/10
= 44.425 kN.m

M4 = (wL2)/16
= ((17.770) (5)2)/16
= 27.766 kN.m

44
SHEAR DESIGN

COLUMN 7

Span AB, Wu = 29.514 KN/m


Span BC, Wu = 17.876 KN/m
Span CD, Wu = 29.514 KN/m

USED VALUES:
Main Bar Diameter = 16 mm f’c = 28 MPa
Stirrup Diameter = 10 mm fyt = 275 MPa
Concrete Cover = 40 mm β = 0.85
bw=200 mm ᶲ = 0.9
d = 242 mm

 Factored Shear Load

29.514 KN/m

4.15 m

Wu L 29.514KN/m(4.15 m)
Vu = =
2 2
Vu = 61.242 KN

45
 Critical Shear

Vu
Vud

2.075 m

Vu Vud
L = L
2 2
−d

61.242 Vud
=
2.075 2.075−.242
Vud = 54.10 KN

 Factored Shear Load at 2H

Vu Vu2H

H = d + cc
H = 242 + 40
H = 282 mm

Vu Vu2H
L = L
−2H
2 2

46
61.242 Vu2H
=
2.075 2.075−2(.282)

Vu2H = 44.596 KN

 Shear Carried by the Concrete

øVc = ø(0.17)√f′cbwd
øVc = (0.75)(0.17)(1.0)(√28)(200)(242)
øVc = 32 653.863 N
øVc = 32.654 KN

Vu øVc
L =
x
2
61.242 32.654
=
2.075 x
x = 1.106 m
x = 1106 mm

 Spacing Requirements for Vud

0.5øVc = 0.5(32.654) KN
0.5øVc = 16.327 KN

Vu = øVc + øVs
61.242 = 32.654 + 0.75Vs
Vs = 38.117 KN

Vud > øVc,

2 2
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 170 739.151 N = 170.739 KN
3 3

1 1
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 85 369.576 N = 85.370 KN
3 3

47
1
Vs ≤ √f′cbwd
3

d 242
S1 = = = 121 mm  120 mm
2 2

S2 = 600 mm


Av fyt d 2(4)(10)2 (275)(242)
S3 = = = 274.252 mm
Vs 38117

 Number of Bars Spaced at 120 mm

Vud
Vu2H

b = 564 – 2(50) = 464 mm

b 464
n= = = 3.867 bars  4 bars
s 120

Therefore, provide 4-10 mm ø stirrups spaced @ 120 mm

 Spacing Requirements for Vu2H

0.5øVc = 0.5(32.654) KN
0.5øVc = 16.327 KN

48
Vu = øVc + øVs
44.596 = 32.654 + 0.75Vs
Vs = 15.923 KN

Vud > øVc,

2 2
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 170 739.151 N = 170.739 KN
3 3

1 1
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 85 369.576 N = 85.370 KN
3 3

1
Vs ≤ √f′cbwd
3

d 242
S1 = = = 121 mm  120 mm
2 2

S2 = 600 mm


Av fyt d 2( )(10)2 (275)(242)
4
S3 = = = 656.513 mm
Vs 15 923

 Number of Bars Spaced at 120 mm

Vud
Vu2H
øVc

c = 2075 – 2(282) – 1106 = 405 mm

49
c 405
n= = = 3.375 bars  4 bars
s 120

Therefore, provide 4-10 mm ø stirrups spaced @ 120 mm

 Spacing Requirements for the rest

d 242
S1 = = = 121 mm  120 mm
2 2

S2 = 600 mm

 Conclusions

Provide 2 bars spaced @ 50mm, two 4 bars spaced @ 120 mm


and the rest spaced @ 120 mm o.c.

50
ROW B (LEFT)

Span AB, Wu = 49.777 KN/m


Span BC, Wu = 44.612 KN/m
Span CD, Wu = 45.956 KN/m
Span CD, Wu = 48.400 KN/m

USED VALUES:
Main Bar Diameter = 16 mm f’c = 28 MPa
Stirrup Diameter = 10 mm fyt = 275 MPa
Concrete Cover = 40 mm β = 0.85
bw=200 mm ᶲ = 0.9
d = 242 mm

 Factored Shear Load

49.777 KN/m

6.05 m

Wu L 49.777 KN/m(6.05 m)
Vu = =
2 2
Vu = 150.575 KN

51
 Critical Shear

Vu
Vud

3.025 m

Vu Vud
L = L
2 2
−d

150.575 Vud
=
3.025 3.025−.242
Vud = 138.529 KN

 Factored Shear Load at 2H

Vu Vu2H

H = d + cc
H = 242 + 40
H = 282 mm

Vu Vu2H
L = L
−2H
2 2

52
150.575 Vu2H
=
3.025 3.025−2(.282)

Vu2H = 122.501 KN

 Shear Carried by the Concrete

øVc = ø(0.17)√f′cbwd
øVc = (0.75)(0.17)(1.0)(√28)(200)(242)
øVc = 32 653.863 N
øVc = 32.654 KN

Vu øVc
L =
x
2
150.575 32.654
=
3.025 x
x = 0.656 m
x = 656 mm

 Spacing Requirements for Vud

0.5øVc = 0.5(32.654) KN
0.5øVc = 16.327 KN

Vu = øVc + øVs
150.575 = 32.654 + 0.75Vs
Vs = 157.228 KN

Vud > øVc,

2 2
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 170 739.151 N = 170.739 KN
3 3

1 1
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 85 369.576 N = 85.370 KN
3 3

53
1
Vs ≤ √f′cbwd
3

d 242
S1 = = = 121 mm
2 2

S2 = 600 mm


Av fyt d 2(4)(10)2 (275)(242)
S3 = = = 66.487 mm  65 mm
Vs 157228

 Number of Bars Spaced at 65 mm

Vud
Vu2H

b = 564 – 2(50) = 464 mm

b 464
n= = = 7.138 bars  8 bars
s 65

Therefore, provide 8-10 mm ø stirrups spaced @ 65 mm

 Spacing Requirements for Vu2H

0.5øVc = 0.5(32.654) KN
0.5øVc = 16.327 KN

54
Vu = øVc + øVs
122.501 = 32.654 + 0.75Vs
Vs = 119.796 KN

Vud > øVc,

2 2
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 170 739.151 N = 170.739 KN
3 3

1 1
√f′cbwd = √28(200)(242) = 85 369.576 N = 85.370 KN
3 3

1
Vs ≤ √f′cbwd
3

d 242
S1 = = = 121 mm
2 2

S2 = 600 mm


Av fyt d 2( )(10)2 (275)(242)
4
S3 = = = 87.262 mm  85 mm
Vs 119796

 Number of Bars Spaced at 85 mm

Vud
Vu2H
øVc

55
c = 2075 – 2(282) – 1106 = 405 mm

c 405
n= = = 4.765 bars  5 bars
s 85

Therefore, provide 5-10 mm ø stirrups spaced @ 85 mm

 Spacing Requirements for the rest

d 242
S1 = = = 121 mm  120 mm
2 2

S2 = 600 mm

 Conclusions

Provide 2 bars spaced @ 50mm, 8 bars spaced @ 65 mm, 5 bars


spaced @ 85 mm and the rest spaced @ 120 mm o.c.

56
BEAM DESIGN

USED VALUES:
Main Bar Diameter = 16 mm f’c = 28 MPa
Stirrup Diameter = 10 mm fy = 414 MPa
Concrete Cover = 40 mm β = 0.85
ᶲ = 0.9

ROW A (LEFT) BEAM DESIGN


POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 93.551 kN.m Mu,neg 136.074 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 4.443484985 MPa RN 6.463242251 MPa
ρ 0.011981669 ρ 0.018630577
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.011981669 Use ρ 0.018630577
As 819.5461607 mm2 As 1274.331497mm2
n=5 n=7

COLUMN 18 BEAM DESIGN


POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 52.135 kN.m Mu,neg 83.416 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 2.476308 MPa RN 3.9620928 MPa
ρ 0.006329909 ρ 0.010535701
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.006329909 Use ρ 0.010535701
As 432.9657514 mm2 As 720.6419727 mm2
n=3 n=4

57
ROW B (RIGHT) BEAM DESIGN
POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 72.021 kN.m Mu,neg 100.829 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 3.42085314 MPa RN 4.789175397 MPa
ρ 0.008961395 ρ 0.013049041
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.008961395 Use ρ 0.013049041
As 612.959439 mm2 As 892.5544257 mm2
n=4 n=5

COLUMN 19 BEAM DESIGN


POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 34.025 kN.m Mu,neg 47.635 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 1.6161193 MPa RN 2.26256702 MPa
ρ 0.004046052 ρ 0.005752998
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.004046052 Use ρ 0.005752998
As 276.749972 mm2 As 393.5050684 mm2
n=2 n=2

58
ROW A(RIGHT) BEAM DESIGN
POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 34.025 kN.m Mu,neg 47.635 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 1.6161193 MPa RN 2.26256702 MPa
ρ 0.004046052 ρ 0.005752998
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.004046052 Use ρ 0.005752998
As 276.749972 mm2 As 393.5050684 mm2
n=2 n=2

COLUMN 7 BEAM DESIGN


POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 63.766 kN.m Mu,neg 79.242 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 3.028757186 MPa RN 3.763836166 MPa
ρ 0.007852084 ρ 0.00995298
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.007852084 Use ρ 0.00995298
As 537.0825157 mm2 As 680.7838092 mm2
n=3 n=4

59
ROW B (LEFT) BEAM DESIGN
POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 194.466 kN.m Mu,neg 182.198 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 9.236745209 MPa RN 8.6540398 MPa
ρ 0.030291643 ρ 0.027463496
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.030291643 Use ρ 0.027463496
As 2071.948404 mm2 As 1878.503094 mm2
n = 11 n = 10

COLUMN 789 (MIDDLE) BEAM DESIGN


POSITIVE MOMENTS NEGATIVE MOMENTS
Mu,pos 66.983 kN.m Mu,neg 93.776 kN.m
Design as singly- Design as singly-
REMARKS REMARKS
reinforced beam reinforced beam
SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN SINGLY-REINFORCED BEAM DESIGN
RN 3.181558238 MPa RN 4.454172034 MPa
ρ 0.008281412 ρ 0.012014292
ρmin 0.003381643 ρmin 0.003381643
Use ρ 0.008281412 Use ρ 0.012014292
As 566.4485738 mm2 As 821.7775472 mm2
n=3 n=5

60
COLUMN DESIGN

COLUMN A10 (exterior)

 Beam dimensions:

(B1) Beam A = 0.40 m x 0.30 m=0.12 m2


(B2) Beam 10 = 0.40 m x 0.30 m=0.12 m2
Tributary Area=6mx3m = 18 m2

2nd and 3rd floor framing:

61
 Dead Loads:

Ceiling = 0.05 kPa (18 m2) = 0.9 kN


Floor Finish = 1.1 kPa (18 m2) = 19.8kN
Partitions = 0.19 kPa (18 m2) = 3.42 kN
M&E = 0.2 kPa (18 m2) = 3.6 kN
B1=B2=24 kN/m3 (0.4x0.3)(6)=17.28 kN

 Live Loads:

Commercial-Residential=1.9 kPa (18 m2) =34.2 kN

 Floor Pressure:

Pu=1.2DL + 1.6LL
Pu=1.2(0.9+19.8+3.42+3.6+17.28) + 1.6(34.2 kN)
= 108.72 kN
Total Pu=2(108.72 kN)= 217.44 kN

Pu 217.44 kN=217,440 N
d 16 mm
b 500 mm
h 500 mm
Ag 250000 mm2
ρ -0.0567078027
ρmin 2%=0.02
Ast 5000 m2
n 25 bars
Therefore, use 25-16mm diameter bars for 500mmx500mm columns

62
COLUMN B10 (interior)

 Beam dimensions:

(B1) Beam B = 0.40 m x 0.30 m=0.12 m2


(B2) Beam 9 = 0.40 m x 0.30 m=0.12 m2
Tributary Area=6mx6m = 36 m2

2nd and 3rd floor framing:

63
 Dead Loads:

Ceiling = 0.05 kPa (36 m2) = 1.8 kN


Floor Finish = 1.1 kPa (36 m2) = 39.6 kN
Partitions = 0.19 kPa (36 m2) = 6.84 kN
M&E = 0.2 kPa (36 m2) = 7.2 kN
B1=B2=24 kN/m3 (0.4x0.3)(6)=17.28 kN

 Live Loads:

Commercial-Residential=1.9 kPa (36 m2)=68.4 kN

 Floor Pressure:

Pu=1.2DL + 1.6LL
Pu=1.2(1.8+39.6+6.84+7.2+17.28) + 1.6(68.4 kN)
= 217.44 kN
Total Pu=2(217.44 kN) = 434.88 kN

Pu 434.88 kN = 434 880 N


d 16 mm
b 500 mm
h 500 mm
Ag 250000 mm2
ρ -0.05242124354
ρmin 2% = 0.02
Ast 5000 m2
n 25 bars

Therefore, use 25-16mm diameter bars for 500mmx500mm columns

64
SLAB DESIGN

ONE-WAY SLAB DESIGN

Main Bar Diameter = 16 mm f’c = 28 MPa


Stirrup Diameter = 10 mm fy = 414 MPa
Concrete Cover = 40 mm γc = 23.5 kN/m3

1. THICKNESS OF THE SLAB

hmin = (L/20)(0.4 + (fy/700))


= (6000/20)(0.4 + (414/700))
= 297.429 mm
hmin = 300 mm

2. EFFECTIVE DEPTH

d = h – cc – (db/2)
= 300 – 40 – (16/2)
d = 252 mm

3. CALCULATION OF MUload
DEAD LOAD
Self.wt. of slab = 23.5 kN/m3 (1m)(0.300 m) = 7.05 kN/m
LIVE LOAD
Commercial – Residential = 1.9 kPa (1m) = 1.9 kN/m

FACTORED LOAD

WU = 1.2 (7.05 kN/m) + 1.6(1.9 kN/m)


WU =11.5 kN/m
MUload = wL2/8 = ((11.5 kN/m) (6m)2) / 8 = 51.75 kN.m

65
4. SPACING OF MAIN BARS
RN = MUload / ᶲbd2

= (51.75 x 106 N.mm) / (0.9)(1000 mm)(252 mm)2


= 0.9054547745

0.85 f′ c 2Rn
ρ= (1 − √1 − )
fy 0.8f′c

0.85 (28) 2(0.9054547745)


= (1 − √1 − )
(414) 0.85(28)

= 2.230354264 x 10-3

ρmin = 1.4 / fy
= 1.4 / 414
= 3.381642512 x 10-3
ρmin > ρ ; use ρmin

As = ρbd
= (3.381642512 x 10-3) (1000)(252)
= 852.173913 mm2

Spacing = (Abar / As) (1000)


= ((π/4) (16)2 / 852.173913) (1000)
= 235.9400197 mm
= 235 mm

66
5. SPACING OF TEMPERATURE BARS
As = 0.002bh
= 0.002(1000)(300)
= 600 mm2

Spacing = (Abar / As) (1000)


= ((π/4) (10)2 / 600) (1000)
= 130.8996939 mm
= 130 mm

TWO-WAY SLAB DESIGN

La=7.50 m

CASE 8 Lb=6.05 m

m = La/ Lb = 6.05/7.50 = 0.8067

 Dead Loads:

Ceiling Finish=1.10 kPa


Floor Finish=0.05 kPa
Frame Partitions=0.19 kPa
M&E= 0.20 kPa
Self weight of beam= 23.5kN/m3(0.1m)=2.35 kPa

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Slab=23.5kN/m3 (0.300m)= 7.05 kPa

Total Deadloads=1.10 kPa+0.05 kPa+0.19 kPa+0.20 kPa+2.35


kPa+7.05 kPa
=10.94 kPa

 Live Loads:

Commercial-Residential=1.9 kPa

 Factored Load:

WDL=10.94 kPa (1m) = 10.94 kN/m


WLL=1.9 kPa (1m) = 1.9 kN/m
Wu=1.2(10.94)+1.6(1.9)=13.128+3.04=16.168 kN/m

 Negative Moments:

a.) Maneg

Interpolation:

m Caneg
0.85 0.049
0.807 0.05416
0.80 0.055

Caneg=0.05416
Maneg= Caneg(Wu)( La)2
=0.05416(16.168)(6.05)2
=32.05138416 kN.m
=32.05138 kN.m

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b.) Mbneg

Interpolation:

m Cbneg
0.85 0.046
0.807 0.0417
0.80 0.041

Cbneg=0.0417
Mbneg= Cbneg(Wu)( Lb)2
=0.0417 (16.168)(7.50)2
=37.924065 kN.m
=37.9241 kN.m
c.) Mapos

MaposDL:
Interpolation:

m CaDL
0.85 0.029
0.807 0.03158
0.80 0.032

CaDL =0.03158
MaDL= CaDL (WuDL)( La)2
=0.03158 (13.128)(6.05)2
=15.17474645 kN.m
=15.1747 kN.m

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MaposLL:
Interpolation:

m CaLL
0.85 0.040
0.807 0.04344
0.80 0.044

CaLL =0.03158

MaLL= CaLL (WuLL)( La)2


=0.04344 (3.04)(6.05)2
=4.83368304 kN.m
=4.8337kN.m

Mapos= MaDL + MaLL


= 15.1747 kN.m + 4.8337kN.m
=20.00838475 kN.m = 20.0084 kN.m

a.) Mbpos

MbposDL:
Interpolation:

m CbDL
0.85 0.017
0.807 0.01528
0.80 0.015

CbDL =0.03158

70
MbDL= CbDL (WuDL)( Lb)2
=0.01528 (13.128)(7.50)2
=11.283516 kN.m
=11.2835 kN.m

MbposLL:
Interpolation:

m CbLL
0.85 0.022
0.807 0.01942
0.80 0.019

CbLL =0.01942
MbLL= CbLL (WuLL)( Lb)2
=0.01942 (3.04)(7.50)2
=3.32082 kN.m
=3.3208 kN.m

Mbpos= MbDL + MbLL


= 11.2835 kN.m + 3.3208 kN.m
=14.604336 kN.m = 14.6043 kN.m

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