Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 84

BUILDING SERVICES

Aniket Khandelwal
9096871414
Email id- aniket.khandelwal@shapoorji.com
BUILDING SERVICES

Imagine yourself in the most fabulous building in the

world. Now take away the lighting, heating and

ventilation, the lifts and escalators, acoustics,

plumbing, power supply and energy management

systems, the security and safety systems.

You are left with a cold, dark, uninhabitable shell !!!


BUILDING SERVICES

Everything inside a building which makes it safe and


comfortable to be in comes under the title of
'Building services'.

A building must do what it was designed to do - not


just provide shelter but also be an environment
where people can live, work and achieve.

Building services are what makes a building come to


life.
INTRODUCTION TO MEP

ELECTRICAL SERVICES

MECHANICAL SERVICES MEP PLUMBING SERVICES

CIVIL CO-ORDINATION
MECHANICAL SERVICES

1. HVAC – HEATING VENTILATION & AIR CONDITIONING

2. REFRIGERATION

3. FIRE PROTECTION
ELECTRICAL SERVICES

1. ELECTRICAL HT & LT POWER DISTRIBUTION


2. LIGHTING
3. EARTHING & LIGHTNING PROTECTION
4. FIRE DETECTION & ALARM SYSTEM
5. PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM
6. ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
7. CCTV SYSTEM & MONITORING SYSTEM
8. BUILDING SECURITY SYSTEM
9. BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
PLUMBING SERVICES

1. DOMESTIC WATER SYSTEM


2. FLUSHING WATER SYSTEM
3. SEWAGE WATER SYSTEM
4. RAIN WATER SYSTEM
5. SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
6. WATER TREATMENT PLANT
7. ALL PIPING & SANITARY FIXTURES THAT PROVIDE WATER FOR ANY
USE (Drinking, cooking, bathing, laundry, process, etc.)
ELECTRICAL SERVICES
CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

TRANSFORMERS LT PANELS
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS DISTRIBUTION
HT PANELS BOARDS

BUSDUCTS EARTHING

CABLE
EXTERNAL CABLING CONTAINMENT
EXTERNAL INTERNAL
SOLAR SYSTEMS LT CABLING

LIGHTING POWER WIRING


ARRESTORS
CLASSIFICATION OF
DG SETS LIGHTING WIRING
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS
FLAME PROOF RECEPTACLES
ELECTRICAL
EQUIPMENTS LUMINAIRES
TYPICAL ELECTRICAL SCHEMATIC

HT INCOMING SUPPLY
HT CABLE

METERING KIOSK
HT CABLE

HT PANEL
HT CABLE

TRANSFORMERS DG SETS
BUS DUCTS / CABLES

LT PANELS
CABLES BUS DUCTS / CABLES

CAPACITOR DISTRIBUTION LIGHT FIXTURES


UPS
BANKS BOARDS HTTRANSFORMERS
HT PANEL
METERING
LT
POWER KIOSK
PANELS
APFCDGPANEL
SOCKETS
DISTRIBUTION
UPS SETS
BOARDS
HT INCOMING SUPPLY
LIGHTING POWER PROCESS
LOW VOLTAGE SYSTEMS

1. FIRE DETECTION & ALARM SYSTEM

2. PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM

3. ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

4. CCTV SYSTEM & MONITORING SYSTEM

PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM


5. BUILDING SECURITY SYSTEM FIRE DETECTION & ALARM SYSTEM
ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
BUILDING
CCTV SYSTEMMANAGEMENT
& MONITORINGSYSTEM
SYSTEM
6. BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
FIRE DETECTION SYSTEM

• A FIRE ALARM SYSTEM IS NUMBER OF DEVICES WORKING TOGETHER


TO DETECT AND WARN PEOPLE THROUGH VISUAL AND AUDIO
APPLIANCES WHEN SMOKE, FIRE, CARBON MONOXIDE OR OTHER
EMERGENCIES ARE PRESENT. THESE ALARMS MAY BE ACTIVATED FROM
SMOKE DETECTORS, AND HEAT DETECTORS FIRE DETECTION & ALARM SYSTEM

• A PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM (PA SYSTEM) IS AN ELECTRONIC SOUND


AMPLIFICATION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM WITH A MICROPHONE,
AMPLIFIER AND LOUDSPEAKERS, USED TO ALLOW A PERSON TO
ADDRESS A LARGE PUBLIC, FOR EXAMPLE FOR ANNOUNCEMENTS OF
PUBLIC ADDRESS SYSTEM
MOVEMENTS AT LARGE AND NOISY AIR AND RAIL TERMINALS OR AT A
SPORTS STADIUM.
FIRE DETECTION SYSTEM

TO NEXT FACP REPEATER


FROM PREVIOUS FACP
PANEL

MCP

INTELLIGENT INPUT
ADDRESSABLE MODULE CONTROL
FIRE ALARM RELAY
CONTROL MODULE
PANEL ADD. SMOKE ADD. SMOKE ADD. DUCT
DETECTOR DETECTOR DETECTOR 2Cx1.5 SQMM CABLE
FOR ROOM FOR CEILING

FOR BMS SYSTEM INPUT


MODULE

ADD. SMOKE ADD. SMOKE


DETECTOR DETECTOR MCP
WORKSTATION FOR ROOM FOR CEILING
ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

• IN THE FIELDS OF PHYSICAL SECURITY AND INFORMATION


SECURITY, ACCESS CONTROL IS THE SELECTIVE RESTRICTION
OF ACCESS TO A PLACE OR OTHER RESOURCE

• ACCESS CONTROL REFERS TO SECURITY FEATURES THAT


CONTROL WHO CAN ACCESS RESOURCES IN THE OPERATING
SYSTEM. APPLICATIONS CALL ACCESS CONTROL FUNCTIONS
TO SET WHO CAN ACCESS SPECIFIC RESOURCES OR CONTROL
ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
ACCESS TO RESOURCES PROVIDED BY THE APPLICATION.
SCHEMATIC – ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

ELECTROMAGNETIC DOOR LOCK

LAN CONNECTION EML EML


EMERGENCY DOOR RELEASE
FIRE INTEGRATION EXIT PUSH BUTTON
ENTRY EXIT
ENTRY READER WITH CONTROLLER DOOR DOOR EXIT READER

CONTROL ROOM
WORK STATION WITH ACS SOFTWARE

LAN NETWORK

READER CUM CONTROLLER-1 READER CUM CONTROLLER-2 READER CUM CONTROLLER-3


CCTV & MONITORING SYSTEM

• CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV), ALSO KNOWN AS VIDEO

SURVEILLANCE, IS THE USE OF VIDEO CAMERAS TO TRANSMIT A

SIGNAL TO A SPECIFIC PLACE, ON A LIMITED SET OF MONITORS

• IN INDUSTRIAL PLANTS, CCTV EQUIPMENT MAY BE USED TO OBSERVE

PARTS OF A PROCESS FROM A CENTRAL CONTROL ROOM, FOR

EXAMPLE WHEN THE ENVIRONMENT IS NOT SUITABLE FOR HUMANS.

• CCTV SYSTEMS MAY OPERATE CONTINUOUSLY OR ONLY AS REQUIRED CCTV SYSTEM & MONITORING SYSTEM

TO MONITOR A PARTICULAR EVENT.


SCHEMATIC – CCTV & SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM

VIDEO WALL 4x2 CONFG.


CONTROL ROOM

LAN/ OFC NETWORK POE SWITCHES


HIGH CONFIGURATION JOYSTICK
CLIENT WORKSTATIONS CONTROLLER

FIXED DOME
BULLET CAMERA BOX CAMERA PTZ DOME CAMERA
CAMERA
HIGH CONFIGURATION SERVER WITH
STORAGE

VIDEO MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE &


CAMERA LICENSES
IBMS SYSTEM

• A Building Management System (BMS) or Building Automation


System (BAS) is a computer-based control system installed in
buildings that controls and monitors the building’s mechanical and
electrical equipment

• They help you plan operations and assess performance; make


operation easier; improve building comfort, enhance safety, improve
efficiency, save energy, and protect your assets.

• Their function is to control, monitor and optimize building services,


such as heating, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, alarm systems
and certain electrical appliances. BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
SCHEMATIC – IBMS SYSTEM

BMS SEVER WITH BMS SOFTWARE &


BMS DISPALY LASER PRINTER
LICENSE

TCP/IP NETWORK

DDC CONTROLER DDC CONTROLER DDC CONTROLER DDC CONTROLER DDC CONTROLER
WITH 3RD PARTY WITH 3RD PARTY WITH 3RD PARTY WITH 3RD PARTY WITH 3RD PARTY
INTEGRATION INTEGRATION INTEGRATION INTEGRATION INTEGRATION

HVAC SYSTEM
VENTILATION & EXHUST SYSTEMS
ELECTRICAL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM FIELD DEVICES
FIRE FIGHTING SYTEMS
PHE SYSTEMS
ELEVATOR SYSTEMS
HVAC – HEATING VENTILATION & AIR CONDITIONING
HVAC – HEATING VENTILATION & AIR CONDITIONING

WHAT IS TR - TON OF REFRIGERATION

1 TR IS AMOUNT OF HEAT EXTRACTED FROM


ATMOSPHERE FOR MELTING 1 METRIC TONNE OF ICE IN 24
HOURS.

1 TR = BTU/HR
1 TR = 3025 KCAL/HR
FUNCTIONS OF HVAC

• CONTROL OF AIR TEMPERATURE

• CONTROL OF MOISTURE CONTENT IN THE AIR

• PROPER AIR MOVEMENT

• TO HOLD AIR CONTAMINATION WITHIN

ACCEPTABLE LIMITS
TYPES OF HVAC SYSTEMS

AIR CONDITIONING

NON DUCTED PRODUCTS DUCTABLE SYSTEMS

SPLIT AIR CONDITIONING WINDOW AIR CONDITIONING PACKAGED AIR CONDITIONING CENTRAL PLANT

AIR COOLED CHILLED WATER


FLOOR STANDING PACKAGED AC DX SYSTEM
DUCTABLE SPLITS SYSTEM

WATER
FLOOR CEILING WALL AIR COOLED VAPOUR VAPOUR
COOLED
MOUNTED MOUNTED MOUNTED COMPRESSION UNIT ABSORPTION UNIT

EXPOSED CASSETTE RECIPROCATING CENTRIFUGAL SCREW TYPE RECIPROCATING CENTRIFUGAL SCREW TYPE
UNITS AIR & UNITS WATER UNITS AIR & UNITS AIR & UNITS WATER UNITS AIR &
TYPE TYPE WATER COOLED WATER COOLED COOLED WATER COOLED
COOLED WATER COOLED

HIDE AWAY
TYPE
FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM
WHAT IS FIRE ?

• An exothermic reaction resulting from combination of heat fuel


and oxygen.
• Fire involves rapid oxidation at high temperatures
accompanied by the evolution of highly heated gaseous
products of combustion and emission of visible and invisible
radiation.
• Initiation of fire requires combustible materials, oxygen and an
energy source (heat) to provide ignition. Three components -
fuel , oxygen & heat are referred as the fire triangle
CLASSIFICATION OF FIRE

• Class-A - Fires involving ordinary combustible materials like wood, paper, textiles, rubber
etc.
• Class-B -Fires involving flammable liquids or liquefiable solids, such as oils, solvents,
petroleum products, paints, varnishes etc.
• Class-C - Fire involving gases or liquefied gases under pressure for eg. LPG, Hydrogen
etc.
• Class-D Fire involving combustible metal such as Magnesium, sodium Zinc, Titanium etc.
PRINCIPLE OF FIRE EXTINCTION

• Starvation - Removing or blanketing the fuel

• Smothering - Cutting off the oxygen supply

• Cooling - Removing heat from the fire.


FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM

• FIRE WATER RESERVOIR

• PUMPING UNITS

• FIRE WATER NETWORK

• FIRE FIGHTING HYDRANT SYSTEM

• FIRE FIGHTING SPRINKLER SYSTEM FIREFIRE WATERHYDRANT


FIGHTING NETWORKSYSTEM
FIRE FIGHTING SPRINKLER SYSTEM
PUMPING UNITS
FIRE WATER RESERVOIR
FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
• FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
TYPICAL FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEM SCHEMATIC

MUNCIPAL WATER SUPPLY TANKER WATER / BORE WELL

BRIDGE INLET FIRE TANK

J
DP HP SP J B

HYDRANT SRINKLER
DP – DIESEL PUMP
HP – HYDRANT PUMP EXTERNAL HYDRANT INTERNAL HYDRANT
SP – SPRINKLER PUMP
J – JOCKEY PUMP
B – BOOSTER PUMP
PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING - PHE
DIFFERENT AREAS OF PHE

• SANITARY AND CP FITTINGS

• HOT & COLD WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM

• DRAINAGE & SEWAGE SYSTEM

• EXTERNAL WATER SUPPLY

• SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT

• EXTERNAL SEWER NETWORK AND CONNECTION TO

SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT/ MUNICIPAL NETWORK


What is a plumbing system

THE PLUMBING SYSTEM IS REALLY MADE UP OF TWO SYSTEMS:

• The supply system that brings in fresh water

• The drain-waste-vent system that takes out used water and sewage

• THE DRAIN-WASTE-VENT SYSTEM ALSO LETS AIR IN AND WASTE GASES OUT.

• BETWEEN THESE TWO SYSTEMS ARE THE FIXTURES (SINKS, TUBS, TOILETS, AND SO ON).
SCHEMATIC– PHE (WATER SUPPLY)

MUNCIPAL WATER SUPPLY TANKER WATER / BORE WELL

FIRE TANK
OVERFLOW FROM FIRE TANK
RAW WATER TANK

WTP

DOMESTIC WATER TANK

TOILETS & PANTRY/ KITCHEN


SCHEMATIC– PHE (SEWAGE & FLUSHING WATER)

SEWAGE FROM TOILETS PANTRY/ KITCHEN

INSPECTION CHAMBER GREASE TRAP

STP

TREATED WATER

FLUSHING WATER TANK DISPOSAL TO MUNICIPAL LINE

FLUSHING WATER FOR TOILETS


SCHEMATIC– STP (MBBR )

CHLORINE
DOSING
TREATED
WATER TANK
DUAL ACTIVAT
TUBE DECK
MEDIA ED
MEDIA CARBON
SEWAGE INLET FILTER FILTER

P
FAB REACTOR TUBE SETTLER CHLORINE
TANK DOSING TANK

SCREEN
CHAMBER
P P EXCESS SLUDGE
OIL & GREASE TREATED WATER FOR USE

BACKWASH LINE
TRAP EQUILISATION
TANK
SQUEEZED WATER

SLUDGE DISPOSAL TANK


SLUDGE
DISPOSAL
MEP SERVICE LINES - CATEGORISED

PIPING/ CONTAINMENT CATEGORISED

• HORIZONTAL PIPELINE

• VERTICAL PIPELINE
PIPELINE LAYOUT CATEGORIES OF MEP SYSTEM

EMBEDDED Lighting Conduits, Telecommunications


PIPELINE Conduits, Fire Alarm Conduits

BEAM WEB Water Supply, Lighting Conduits, Waste


OPENINGS Water, Sewage, Fire Alarm & Fire Sprinkler

PIPELINE HORIZONTAL
CATEGORIES PIPELINE Water Supply, Waste Water & Sewage, Vent,
Plumbing
Rainwater Recycling
VERTICAL Bus-ducts, Cable Containments, Generator
Electrical
PIPELINE Exhaust & Cooling water Piping

UNDER
EXPOSED PIPELINE Telecommunications CCTV, Network, Audio, Telecommunications
BEAMS
NEXT PAGE Fire Protection Fire Protection water Supply, Sprinklers

Air Duct, chilled water & Condensate water


HVAC
(Supply & Return)
PIPELINE LAYOUT CATEGORIES OF MEP SYSTEM

Plumbing Water Supply, Waste Water & Sewage, Vent

HORIZONTAL EMBEDDED PIPELINE


(WITHIN PARTITION)
Electrical Lighting & Sockets
PIPELINE
CCTV, Network, CATV, Audio,
Telecommunications
Telecommunications

PIPELINE VERTICAL
CATEGORIES PIPELINE
Plumbing Water Supply, Waste Water & Sewage, Vent

Bus-ducts, Cable Containments, Generator


Electrical
Exhaust & Cooling water Piping

EXPOSED PIPELINE CCTV, Network, CATV, Audio,


(SHAFTS)
Telecommunications
Telecommunications

Fire Protection Fire Protection water Supply, Sprinklers

Chilled water & Condensate water (Supply &


HVAC
Return)
MEP – TYPICAL SECTION OF CORRIDOR

Soffit
• Typically a MEP Contractor each install their own supports from the Fire Protection
soffit. Pipe Work
Incoming Drainage Pipe
Water Mains
• Followed by water mains, drainage and fire protection pipe work. Duct Work
Duct Work
Generally MEP services that would not require any further access Branch
once they had been installed, tested and insulated. HV Ladder Rack
Chilled
Water Pipes
• Followed by the ductwork and its branches to adjacent rooms, FA/VA, BMS
Lighting & & Security
which would require testing and insulation. Power Trunking
LV Cable Trays
containment

• Then the chilled water pipework, which also branches off to


adjacent rooms and needs to be accessible.

• Electrical containment is always the lowest and final service to be


installed. Its completion and subsequent cable installation will be
Blockwork Walls
dependent on the mechanical services completion.

• The coordinated installation sequence needs to prioritize the


earliest release for HV & LV cable installations. Slab
CIVIL –MEP COORDINATION

CIVIL MEP
Foundation for MEP Heavy Equipment
Sleeves For MEP Services Wall Penetration

Note : It is very Important to Close this Sleeves with Fire sealant Post
Installation of Service Lines
Services within Sub-Structure of Building
Services before casting of Floor Slab
Services before casting of RCC Walls
Plaster after laying of wall services
Cut-outs for Pulling of Cables
Ceiling MEP Services before False Ceiling
Ceiling MEP Services before False Ceiling
Ceiling MEP Services before False Ceiling
Toilet Sunk drainage
MEP INTERFACING – PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED

According to the characteristics of the problem, integration requirements,


and construction necessities, the Interface Problems is divided in following eight classifications.

• Coordination with civil structure


• Safety aspects
• Functionality
• Constructability
• Economy
• Efficiency
• Expandability
• Maintainability
COORDINATION WITH CIVIL STRUCTURE

• This refers to the process of installing Services, which must be


well coordinated to embed the horizontal pipes and vertical
sleeves in advance.

• Electrical pipes, monitor control pipes, and vertical sleeves of


sewage pipes from the floor slab must be installed prior to slab
grouting.

• The work involving the first completed concrete mat for moisture
protection and vibration isolators must be executed in
conjunction with the embedded sleeves and architectural
construction works
SAFETY ASPECTS

• Safety refers to safety considerations during


installation.

• For example, safety is required to prevent


hazards such as a water pipe leakage if a water
pipe lies above an electrical pipe
FUNCTIONALITY

• Functionality refers to ensuring that the function of


pipes is fully exploited while complying with building
codes.

• For example, drainage slopes and routes must be


taken into consideration for proper drainage of waste
water.

• The installation of fire protection equipment and


piping must be arranged prior to other systems in
order for the entire fire protection system to comply
with fire codes and fire protection permit drawings.
Consequently, this has an impact on passing the fire
protection inspection and obtaining the occupancy
permits.
CONSTRUCTABILITY

Constructability represents the factors influencing the sequence of installation. The conflicts can be
categorized as follows:

• Conflict of equipment in a space - Because of the crowded space, the routing and sequence of installation for
large equipment must be checked first.

• Conflict of pipeline in a space - Conditions for stacking and interlacing pipelines causes difficulty in installation
and maintenance due to over-crowded spaces and lack of advance coordination

• Crowded installation - Conflicts within the installation space, idle laborers, and poor installation quality can result
from problems such as crowded spaces or multiple workers operating simultaneously at a single site.
Furthermore, the attitude of “first come first win” or “first do first win” causes conflict in the arrangement of
pipelines.

• Pipe materials and dimensions - Installation suffers if the diameter of the pipe is oversized or if the material of
the pipe is inflexible or too rigid to be easily cut or molded. If these kinds of materials are applied for the works,
they should be installed earlier to prevent conflicts

• Installation of pipeline tiers - When the pipeline layout exceeds two layers, pipes
ECONOMY

• Economy refers to the cost estimates associated with


integration, which can increase due to a lack of
coordination.

• For instance, re-routing a pipeline increases the


lengths of the pipeline and associated costs.
EFFICIENCY

• Efficiency refers to a lack of integration causing descending


pressure and consuming capacity, which influences the basic
function of MEP systems.

• Additionally, venting conditions around equipment influences


equipment functionality, and should be noted during the
integration of the interface.
EXPANDABILITY

Expandability refers to the lifecycle of the facility


causing a demand for the expansion of pipelines due to
the changes in usage or upgrades to the facility.
This increasing demand requires consideration prior to
the installation phase to ensure space for future
expansion of the pipeline.
MAINTAINABILITY

• Maintainability refers to the convenience of


maintenance during the operation phase when
arranging the pipeline.
• Maintenance space and operation route must be
taken into consideration.
MEP INTEGRATION

• The major MEP installation projects require the identification of separate arrangements for
HVAC, power supply, plumbing, fire protection, telecommunications, and other related
systems.

• Specialized consultants and contractors design and construct these systems. Currently,
according to technical specifications, each specialty or trade subcontractor is assigned the
responsibility of integrating MEP systems.

• Coordination of mechanical and electrical systems to detail their configuration provides a


major challenge for complex building and industrial projects

• The knowledge required for MEP integration must be integrated to our System because
specialty subcontractors of each system perform tasks individually, proposing a layout
according to their own needs, leading to the fragmentation of MEP.
MEP INTEGRATION

• Improper integration at the equipment/pipeline interface results in interference and


inappropriate sequence of jobs during installation can negatively influence the entire project.

• Moreover, the complete integration of the interface reduces the numbers of changes in the
design, decreases the work requiring demolition, addresses problems resulting from
installation error, and increases the overall construction quality of projects.

• Hence, the purpose of integrating the interface is to recognize problems, resolve conflicts,
and perfect the layout of the system for these mechanisms to serve their functions fully.
INTEGRATION SEQUENCING

The discussed eight criteria are considered as MEP integration items because they are closely related to considerations of
installation integration.
To facilitate comparison, let us subcategorized these eight criteria according to three levels INTEGRATION SEQUENCING

The three levels are described as follows:

1. Basic Requirements and Coordination with Civil Structure Works


Functionality of the 8 criteria fall under this first level of the integration sequencing.

2. Construction Requirements
This is a second level integration task, comprising the evaluation of installation difficulty, problems associated with
the installation of circulation interfaces, and the arrangement of sequencing

3. Cost and Operations Requirements


This refers to the examination of the price of installation, cost-benefit ratio, and factors related to maintenance and
expansion during the life circle of the facility.
Basic Requirements and Coordination with Civil Structure Works

Supply Side - Separate High Voltage Equipment's from water Pumps


Trans. Side - Separate Water Pipes & Electrical Conduits from
telecommunication cable.

Basic Requirements & Coordination with


SAFETY Place Electric Conduits above water Pipes to avoid water leaking
over conduits
Term. Side - Keep Safe Distance between sensors & Vents to avoid sensing
interference
Civil & Structure Works
Supply Side - Comply with Fire Regulations for selection of Equipment.
MEP Separate Fire Pumps from Generators.
INTEGRATION Isolate Oxygen Tanks from Fire Protected Areas
SEQUENCING FUNCTIONALITY Trans. Side - Consider Slopes For Gravity Drainages
Comply with Fire Regulations for Pipes
LEVEL 1 Term. Side - Keep Safe Distance between HVAC Vents, intakes, Fire Protection
sensors & Sprinklers

Supply Side - First Set Equipment Concrete Foundations.


Trans. Side - Pre-bury and layout Pipes on Slabs
Openings on beams & Partitions must match Pipe Positions
COORDINATION Equipment mobilization & Installation cannot interfere with
partitions construction
Term. Side - Installation for illumination lights, vents, fire hydrants must be
consistent with civil construction
Construction Requirements

CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS Supply Side - Consider Movement Circulation & Space For Large Equipment
Layouts

MEP Trans. Side - Maintain Sufficient Orientation Space.


INTEGRATION Avoid Conflicts & Multi Layers Overlap when Pipeline Space Is Not
enough
SEQUENCING CONSTRUCTIBILITY Consider Pipeline Sizes & Material Flexibility
Install Top Layers Pipelines first
LEVEL 2
Term. Side - Check Whether Terminal Side Equipment's are obscured by other
equipment that causes Conflicts
Check Ceiling Heights & Match Ceiling horizontal layouts
Cost and Operations Requirements

Supply Side - Keep Adequate Distance between large equipment


Centralised Equipment design is generally more economic then
ECONOMY
scattered formats
Equipment Position need to be close to load centre
Trans. Side - Apply Shortest, Closest Route Principle to pipeline layouts.

Cost and Operations Requirements


Term. Side - Keep adequate distance among terminal side equipment.
Maintain Consistency with Ceiling Or Partition Plans

EFFICIENCY
MEP Supply Side - Consider Surrounding Environmental Factors & Ventilation
INTEGRATION Problems for Major Equipment
Trans. Side - Straight Pipes are preferable. Avoid Bend in Pipes
SEQUENCING
Term. Side - Keep Distance between HVAC Vents & intakes

LEVEL 3
EXPANDIBILITY Supply Side - Reserve Space for future Equipment Expansion & Possible Flexible
Adjustments
Trans. Side - Reserve Space for Future Pipeline Distribution
Term. Side - Consider Reservation, disbanding, flexible adjustments

MAINTAINABILITY CONSIDER MAINTAINANCE & MANAGEMENT SPACE & MOVEMENT LINES


STEPS TO DEVELOP WORKSTATION AREAS
STEP 1 – Laying of Under Floor Services

• Slab surface to be uniform for raceway laying


• FFL to be decided prior to any installations
• Raceway marking to be provided as per
approved workstation layout
• Placing the Raceway & Junction Boxes on the
floor.
• Clamping to be done on the floor end cover
the Junction Boxes by thermocoal.
• Care to be taken for JB’s during concreting
• After concrete thermocoals to be removed
from JB’s
STEP 2 – SCREEDING/ IPS WORKS
STEP 3 – CEILING TENDON MARKING
STEP 4 – MEP FIRST FIX

FIRE LINE- 2 LV CABLES-1

ELECTRICAL CONDUITS-1

DUCTS-3
STEP 4 – MEP FIRST FIX - Inclusions

1. Conduit to be installed on ceiling and wall as per 10. All welding to be properly executed with absolute perfection.
approved point wiring. 11. All pipes to be surface cleaned, primer applied and painting
2. Clamps to be fixed after proper drilling on ceiling (Tendon done in RED.
marking to be avoided.) 12. Hydro testing to be conducted at 1.5 times the Pump
3. LV Cables to installed as per Layout with clamping pressure
4. Parallel fire line works to start. 13. Duct to be fabricated in-situ with profiling
5. For Fire line installation area to be surveyed 14. Hangers to be installed as per duct passage and tendon
6. Main header line to be installed with clamps (Clamps to markings to be taken care of.
be provided as per NFPA) Header duct to be installed as per BOD
7. Sub header and branch pipes to be installed at ground 15. Branches to be added to main header as per BOD
level and overhauled to ceiling 16. Sealing to be done so that no gaps are observed
8. Clamps to be provided 17. Light test to be conducted before ceiling clearance
9. After installation of sub header welding to the main
header to be welded
STEP 4 – MEP FIRST FIX - Requirements

• Civil structure to be ready

• Tendon markings to be provided

• Proper cutouts for services bypass

• FFL level to be decided prior to any installations

• Cutouts to be mentioned in MEP penetration plan

• BOP, BOD, BOCT to be exact as per ceiling height


STEP 5 – MEP FIRST FIX - Wall

REQUIREMENTS FOR WALL FIX:

1. ROUTING TO BE MENTIONED.

2. SURFACE OR CONCEALED TO BE MENTIONED

3. INTERCONNECTIVITY OF ROOMS THROUGH CONDUITS/


FLEXIBLE TO BE DECIDED.
STEP 6 – Floor Tiling Works
STEP 7 – MEP SECOND FIX

What is done during 2nd fix?

1. Fire- Flexible and sprinklers are fixed

2. HVAC- Spigot are fixed

3. Electrical- All wiring to be done in conduits

4. LV- Above ceiling detector boxes and related

cabling
STEP 8 – GRIDWORK FOR CEILING
STEP 9 – MEP FINAL FIX
STEP 9 – MEP FINAL FIX - Requirements

• BOD, BOP, BOC should be inline with False ceiling levels


• Grid ceiling gap should be maintained as per fixtures.
• Special attention required for any gravity flow line such as drains

What is done in 3rd Fix?

1. Fire- Sprinklers are fixed on ceiling


2. HVAC- Grills/ Diffusers are fixed on grid of ceiling
3. Electrical- Light Fixtures/ Switch sockets on ceiling and wall
4. LV- All LV Fixtures such as detectors/ RI/ Hooters/ CR/ Speakers on wall/ceiling/
doors
STEP 10 – Cable Pulling & Area Clearance
STEP 11 – Final Ceiling Works
STEP 11 – Final Fixtures
STEP 12 – Workstation Installation

Following activities proceed after workstation


installation works:

1. All Data cables to be brought to surface and Data


plates to be fixed

2. All UPS/ RAW power wiring works to surface and


switch plates are fixed

3. All Plates are tagged

4. JB opening to close using SS/ Aluminum sheet


Thank You