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ATREIDES

From Homer to Herbert

… Atreus [/ˈeɪtriəs/, /ˈeɪtruːs/ ; from ἀ-, "no" and τρέω, "tremble", "fearless", Greek: Ἀτρεύς]

Grammar Greek script Transliteration Etymology / Meaning /


Pronunciation
Epic/Homeric patronymic (proper noun) son of Atreús (Ἀτρεύς), meaning
Greek – 8th BC masculine singular Ἀτρεΐδης Atreḯdēs Agamemnon when not otherwise
specified ; an Atreid
variant
feminine singular Ἀτρεΐδᾱ Atreḯdā
genitive forms
Ἀτρεΐδεεω
Ἀτρεΐδᾱο
masculine plural possessive sons of Atreús ; in the plural it
Ἀτρειδών Atreḯdon signifies the two brothers,
Agamemnon and Menelaus ; Atreus
race ; Atreids, Atrides
Doric dialect patronymic (proper noun) son of Atreús ; an Atreid
masculine singular Ἀτρείδᾱς Atreídās
Classical Attic & patronymic (proper noun) son of Atreús ; an Atreid
Koine Greek masculine singular Ἀτρείδης Atreídēs IPA (5th BC– Attic) : /a.tre.í.dɛːs/
(5th BC– 5th AD) IPA (1st BC –Egypt) : /a.trɛˈi.des/
genitive form
Ἀτρείδου
(Epic) Latin patronymic (proper noun) son of Atreús (latin Atreus) ; an
masculine singular Atreidēs Atreid
masculine plural sons of Atreús (latin Atreus) ; any of
Atreidae the descendants of king Atreus
Classical Latin patronymic (proper noun) son of Atreús (latin Atreus) ; an
masculine singular Atrīdes Atreid
masculine plural sons of Atreús (latin Atreus) ; any of
Atrīdae the descendants of king Atreus
Byzantine & patronymic (proper noun) son of Atreús ; an Atreid
Modern Greek masculine singular Ατρείδης Atreídis IPA (4th/15th AD) : /a.treˈi.ðis/
masculine plural sons of Atreús ; any of the
Ατρείδες Atreídes descendants of king Atreus

NOUNS | 1st declension Ἀτρείδης (stem: Ἀτρειδᾱ-) Sources :


Masculine Atreídēs (stem: Atreidā-)
William Smith. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography
Singular Dual Plural and mythology. London: John Murray, 1848.
Nominative Ἀτρείδης Ἀτρείδᾱ Ἀτρεῖδαι
Atreídēs Atreídā Atreîdai Georg Autenrieth. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and
Colleges. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891.
Genitive Ἀτρείδου Ἀτρείδαιν Ἀτρειδῶν
Atreídou Atreídain Atreidôn S. C. Woodhouse. English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of
Dative Ἀτρείδῃ Ἀτρείδαιν Ἀτρείδαις the Attic Language. London: Routledge, 1910. [p.1003]
Atreídēi Atreídain Atreídais
Anatole Bailly. Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français.
Accusative Ἀτρείδην Ἀτρείδᾱ Ἀτρείδᾱς
Paris: Hachette, 1935.
Atreídēn Atreídā Atreídās
Vocative Ἀτρείδη Ἀτρείδᾱ Ἀτρεῖδαι Henry G. Liddell, Robert Scott et al. A Greek–English
Atreídē Atreídā Atreîdai Lexicon. 9th ed. Oxford : Oxford Univ. Press, 1940.