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2017

Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018


Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018
KRISTALOGRAFI
& MINERALOGI ENDAPAN
MINERAL
PETROLOGI
BAHAN GALIAN
INDUSTRI
MINERAL
PETROGRAFI
OPTIK

GEOKIMIA – GEOFISIKA - GEOSTATISTIKA

SEDIMENTOLOGI- GEOLOGI
STRATIGRAFI GUNUNGAPI
GEOLOGI
DASAR GEOLOGI STRUKTUR GEOLOGI MINYAK
DAN GAS BUMI
PALEONTOLOGI

Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018


With 3D
tomography,
scientists can
isolate vertical as
well as
horizontal slices
of the mantle.
Image courtesy
Ebru Bozdag,
University of
Nice and David
Pugmire, Oak
Ridge National
Laboratory

https://sciencenode.org/feature/getting-clearer-picture-earths-interior.php
1. Kerak (Lithosphere)

4. Mineralogi 3. Conto Batuan 2. Singkapan Lapangan

Tekstur batuan Lokasi


Komposisi mineralogi Struktur batuan
Karakter mineral Hubungan antar batuan
5. Kristalografi

4. Mineralogi

3. Conto Batuan 2. Singkapan Lapangan

Tekstur batuan Lokasi


Komposisi mineralogi Struktur batuan
Karakter mineral Hubungan antar batuan
Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018
Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018
Silahkan tebak yang mana kah MINERAL di dalam gambar – gambar berikut !
"A mineral is an element or chemical compound that is normally crystalline and that has been formed
as a result of geological processes" (Nickel, E. H., 1995).

"Minerals are naturally-occurring inorganic substances with a definite and predictable chemical
composition and physical properties." (O' Donoghue, 1990).

"A mineral is a naturally occurring homogeneous solid, inorganically formed, with a definite chemical
composition and an ordered atomic arrangement" (Mason, et al, 1968).

"These... minerals ...can be distinguished from one another by individual characteristics that arise
directly from the kinds of atoms they contain and the arrangements these atoms make inside them"
(Sinkankas, 1966).

"A mineral is a body produced by the processes of inorganic nature, having usually a definite chemical
composition and, if formed under favorable conditions, a certain characteristic atomic structure which
is expressed in its crystalline form and other physical properties" (Dana & Ford, 1932).

"Every distinct chemical compound occurring in inorganic nature, having a definite molecular
structure or system of crystallization and well-defined physical properties, constitutes a mineral
species" (Brush & Penfield, 1898)

http://webmineral.com/Mineral_Definition.shtml#.Waxrc8YxXIU

Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018


Kristalografi Mineralogi TA 2017/2018
Definisi Kristalografi

Ilmu tentang kristalisasi, bentuk kristal, struktur dan simetrinya.

Matematika + Kimia + Fisika

The IMA/CNMNC administrates c. 6,500 names,[2]


ü Setidaknya ada > 4000 jenis mineral and as of May 2017, the Handbook of Mineralogy
lists 4,375 species.[3] As of February 2017, the IMA
yang telah terdefinisikan di dunia Database of Mineral Properties/ Rruff Project lists
ü mengandung >90 unsur, dan juga 5,208 valid species (IMA/CNMNC) of a total of
5,421 minerals. There are 1,289 Pre-IMA
termasuk ion-ion kompleks seperti CO3, minerals.[4]
SO4, PO4 As of April 2011, the Webmineral.com lists 2,722
published and approved (IMA/CNMNC) minerals,
ü Mineral adalah Blueprint dari kondisi 1,627 pre-IMA minerals, 81 discredited minerals
kimianya yang terkontrol oleh hukum- (IMA/CNMNC status), 2,691 synonyms, 149
hukum matematika dan fisikanya. approved minerals but without a published
description yet and 123 "not approved" names.[5]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_minerals_(complete)