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9. Genius Loci , Christian Norberg Schulze | Culture and Architecture

Indah Widiastuti

9. Genius Loci , Christian Norberg Schulze

Posted: July 7, 2010 | Author: Antropology and Architecture | Filed under: Syllabus- AD065 |Leave a comment In Roman mythology a genius loci was the protective spirit of a place. In the context of Modern architectural theory, Genius Loci has profound implications for ma er of place-making, falling within the philosophical branch of ‘phenomenology’. This field of architectural discourse is

Standpoint:

Christian Norberg-Schulz adopt ontological base of Heideger: “Light reveals the genius loci of a place.”~Aletheia “Light reveals the genius loci of a place.”~Aletheia

This understanding follows the collapse of European Order following the World-War II“Light reveals the genius loci of a place.”~Aletheia Central theme: Need to expand into the meaning

Central theme:

Need to expand into the meaning of architecture is done by understanding this spiritual quality that Christian Norberg-Schulz perceived as “being imbedded in the context of g this spiritual quality that Christian Norberg-Schulz perceived as “being imbedded in the context of place”.

“Space and Characters” can not be interpreted in purely formal or aesthetic terms, but are intimately connected with “making” . formal or aesthetic terms, but are intimately connected with “making”.

Assumption

Beyond the pragmatic experimental aspects of architecture there is a specific need for a metaphysical belief in architecture, which contribute to architecture understanding of existential “meaning” of place.but are intimately connected with “making” . Assumption “the unmeasured but perceived” 1. The Structure of

“the unmeasured but perceived”understanding of existential “meaning” of place. 1. The Structure of Place A concrete term for environment

1. The Structure of Place

A concrete term for environment is place place

The structure of Place ought to be described in terms of “landscapes” and “se lement ”, and analyzed by means of the categories “Space” and “Character”. “landscapes” and “se lement”, and analyzed by means of the categories “Space” and “Character”.

Space: three-dimensional organization of the elements which makes up a place.

The three-dimensional organization can be geometrical and perceptual

Perceptual~ Structure of concrete space identified by node, path, edge, district, and landmark (Kevin Lynch) ~ Structure of concrete space identified by node, path, edge, district, and landmark (Kevin Lynch)

1/6/2018

9. Genius Loci , Christian Norberg Schulze | Culture and Architecture

Geometrical ~ System of Place that roots in concrete situation (Paolo Portoghesi). This correlate with Heidegger ~ System of Place that roots in concrete situation (Paolo Portoghesi). This correlate with Heidegger statement that “Space receive its being from location not space

Space convey varying degree of extension and enclosure and figure-ground relations. Enclosure is defined by boundary. But “Boundary is not that at which something stops, but from which something begins its presencing”. In many other case enclosure appear not as limit but center

Character: general “atmosphere” which is the most comprehensive property of any place.

Any real presence is intimately linked with characters. presence is intimately linked with characters.

A dwelling has to be protective , an office has to be practical , an airport has to be intelligible protective, an office has to be practical, an airport has to be intelligible, a ballroom has to be festive, a church has to be solemn

Character is defined by material and formal constitution of the place – “on how it is made” ~ technical realization (building), creative “re-vealing” (techne)., a ballroom has to be festive , a church has to be solemn Characters kept

Characters kept concept of Place as a concrete engineered/designed object, not merely quality concrete engineered/designed object, not merely quality

Space and Character are altogether constitute “Lived Space”.

Man-made place are related to nature in three basic ways:

1. Visualization. It implies “expressing” existential foothold he has gained through process of understanding on environment

2. Symbolization . It implies that an experienced meaning is translated into another medium. The purpose is to free the meaning immediate situation whereby it becomes cultural object.

3. Gathering. It implies that man needs to gather the experienced meaning to create himself an imago mundi which concretize his world

2. The Spirit of Place

“Every independent being has its genius, its guardian spirit.” genius, its guardian spirit.”

The spirit gives life to p eo p le and places, accompanies them from birth to death. The genius denotes people and places, accompanies them from birth to death. The genius denotes what it wants to be.

Dwelling denotes “total man-place relationship” in which human construct in their mental and perceptual relationship between the “space” and “character” and makes it into lived space.

In the making there are two psychological functions that is involved: Identification” and “Orientation

1. System of orientation: spatial structures which facilitate the development of a good environmental image world. Where the image-making is bad good image is hard to obtain, and cause the feeling of “being lost”

2. Identification: “to be friends with particular environment”. Southeast Asian have to “make friend” with high-rainfall and earthquake; the Arab ~ sandy desert; the Nordic ~ fog and ice. It is basis of human sense of belonging.

~ fog and ice. It is basis of human sense of belonging . Reference “Architecture belong

Reference

“Architecture belong to Poetry, it helps man to dwell”

Christian Norberg-Schulz, (1976), “The Phenomenon of Place”, in “Theorizing A New Agenda for Architecture – An Anthology of Theory Architectural” 1965 – 1995” (1996), Kate Nesbit (ed), New York: Princeton Architectural Press, p. 412-428

References

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9. Genius Loci , Christian Norberg Schulze | Culture and Architecture

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