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1/30/2018 Example Problems

A Beginner's Guide to the Steel Construction Manual, 13th ed. (old)

Chapter 8 - Bending Members


© 2006, 2007, 2008 T. Bartlett Quimby
Introduction
Section 8.8
Flexure

Flexural Limit
Example Problem 8.2
State Behavior Given: A 40 ft long, simply support W 18x35 beam supports a uniformly distributed load, w, over
Determining the whole span. The load consists of equal parts of dead, live, and snow loads.
Applicable Limit
States Wanted: Ignoring the self weight of the beam, determine the maximum load, ws,eq, that the
Flexural Yielding
beam can support for the given conditions:
Limit State
Lateral Torsional a. The beam has full lateral support of the compression flange
Buckling Limit b. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends as quarter points
State only.
Flange Local c. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends and mid-point only.
Buckling Limit d. The beam has lateral support of the compression flange at ends only.
State
Solution: The solution to this problem is identical in approach to example problem 8.1, with the
exception is that the applied load is now a uniformly distributed load instead of a point load.
Shear
The effect of changing the load is that different equations are used to compute shear, deflection,
Shear Behavior
and moment on the span. These equations can be found as case 1 on SCM pg 3-211. In each
Shear Strength
case, the capacity of the beam is set equal to the applicable equation. The resulting equation is
Limit State
solved for the distributed load that causes the internal force to equal the beam's capacity.

Deflection Table 8.8.2.1 summarizes the results of the computations.

Deflection Table 8.8.2.1


Behavior Example 8.2 Results Summary
Deflection Limit ws,eq (k/ft)
State
Flexure Shear Deflection Controlling Controlling Limit State
part LRFD ASD LRFD ASD TL LL Only LRFD ASD LRFD ASD
Misc. Limit States a 0.984 0.996 6.29 6.37 0.62 0.68 0.62 0.62 TL Defl TL Defl
b 0.755 0.763 6.29 6.37 0.62 0.68 0.62 0.62 TL Defl TL Defl
Web Local c 0.0743 0.0751 6.29 6.37 0.62 0.68 0.07 0.08 Flexure Flexure
d 0.0257 0.0260 6.29 6.37 0.62 0.68 0.03 0.03 Flexure Flexure
Yielding
Web Crippling
All the same observations made about the solution to example problem 8.1 can also be made to
this problem. In addition, note that the values of Cb in this version of the problem are different
Beam Design than those found in example problem 8.1. The difference stems from the change in shape of the
moment diagram.
Selecting Sections
Cover Plates <<< Previous Section <<< >>> Next Section >>>
Transverse
Stiffeners for
Shear
Bearing Plates
Transverse
Stiffeners for
Concentrated
Loads
Continuous
Beams

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1/30/2018 Example Problems

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