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Ju

Jenis
Parameter Data yang digunakan
Artificial Lift
1. Pump Setting Depth (L) Produksi
𝑃𝑤𝑓 Pwf =
𝐿 =𝐻−( )+𝑆
𝐺𝑓
H = Kedalaman Sumur dari
apermukaan sampai top perforasi, ft
Pwf = Tekanan Alir Dasar Sumur, psi
Gf = Gradient Formasi, psi/ft
S = Submergence, berkisar antara 60-
a100 ft
2. Pump Displacement
𝑄
𝑃𝐷 =

PD = Pump Displacement. Bbl/d
Q = Laju Alir, bbl/d
Sucker Rod  = Densitas
Pump 3. Panjang Langkah
Berdasarkan L dan PD, maka dari chart
pump unit section diperoleh
- API size dan Stroke
4. Penentuan Diameter Plunger,
Tubing, Rod SPM
Berdasarkan API size pada langkah “c”
dan kedalaman L maka dari tabel design
data diperoleh:
1. Diameter plunger
2. Diameter tubing
3. Ukuran rod
4. Kecepatan Pemompaan (SPM)
5. Acceleration Faktor
𝑆 𝑁2
=
70500
 = Acceleration Faktor
S = Panjang Langkah, inchi
N = Kecepatan Pemompaan, spm
6. Panjang Langkah Plunger Efektif
SP= S + 40,8L2  5,20GDAP  L1  L2  ...
A A 
E E  1 2 

Atau :
SP= S + 40,8L   5,20GDAP  1  1  \
2

 
E E  At Ar 

SP = Panjang langkah efektif


plunger, in.
 = Acceleration faktor.
L = Setting depth pompa, ft.
E = Modulus elastisitas, besarnya
tergantung dari bahan.
D = Working fluid level, ft.
Ap = Luas penampang plunger, sq.
In.
Sg = Specific gravity fluida
At = Luas penampang tubing, sq. In.
At = Luas penampang rod, sq. In.
Lt = Panjang tubing, ft.
Lr = Panjang rod, ft.
7. Estimasi Displacement Pompa
𝑄 = 𝐿 𝑆𝑝 𝑁
Q = Estimasi Displacement Pompa,
bbl/d
K = Konstanta Plunger Tertentu
Sp = Pangjang Langkah Plunger efektif,
inchi
N =Kecepatan Pompa, SPM
8. Berat Rod String
Wr = L x m
Wr = Berat rod string, lb.
L = Setting depth pompa, ft.
M = Berat rod, lb/ft
L & m = Dapat dilihat pada tabel
9. Berat Fluida
Wf = 0,433 Sg (L Ap – 0,294 Wr)

Wf = Berat fluida, lb
Sg = Specific gravity fluida
L = Setting depth pompa, ft
Ap = Luas penampang plunger, sq.in.
Wr = Berat rod string, lb
10. Beban Polished Rod
Wmax = Wf + Wr ( 1 +  )
Wmin = Wr (1-  - 0,127 Sg)
Wr = Berban Rod String, lb
Wf = Berat Fluida, lb
 = Acceleration Faktor
Sg = Spesifik Grafity Fluida
11. Rod Stress
Stress maks = Wmaks / Ar, Psi
Stress min = Wmin / Ar, Psi
Ar = Luas Penampang rod, sq.in
12. Counter balance
Ci = 0,5 Wf + Wr ( 1- 0,127 Sg)
Ci = Counter Balance, lb
Wr = Berban Rod String, lb
Wf = Berat Fluida, lb
Sg = Spesifik Grafity Fluida
13. Torque
(Wmaks  0,95Ci) S
Tp =
2
Tp = Torque, lb-in
14. Tenaga Motor
Hh = 7,36 x 10-6 Q Sg L
Hf = 6,31 x 10-7 Wr S N
Hb = 1,5 (Hh + Hf), Hp
Hh = Hydraulic horse power to lift
fluida
Hf = Subsurface frictional power loss
Hb = Brake horse power
Motor Rating = Hb / 0,75, Hp
Diameter engine sheave prime mover
: D = (N x R x dis) /RPM
Electric 1. Menentukan SG Campuran
Submersible Water Phase = WC x Sgw
Pump Oil Phase = OC x Sgo
SG Campuran = Water Phase + Oil
Phase
GF = SG campuran x 0,433 psi/ft
WC = Water Cut
OC = Oil Cut
GF = Gradient Formasi, psi/ft
0,433 psi/ft= Gradient Tekanan Pada Air
Tawar
2. Penentuan Tekanan Statik (Ps)
Ps = ((mid Perfo – WFL) x GF)
Ps = Tekanan Statik, psi
SFL = Static Fluid Level, ft
GF = Gradirnt Formasi, psi/ft
3. Penentuan Tekanan Alir Dasar
Alir (Pwf)
Pwf = ((mid Perfo - WFL) x GF)
Pwf = Tekanan Alir Dasar Sumur, psi
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
GF = Gradient Formasi, psi/ft
4. Penentuan Priductivity Index (PI)
𝑄
𝑃𝐼 =
𝑃𝑠 − 𝑃𝑤𝑓
PI = Produktivity Index
Q = Laju Produksi, bpd
Ps = Tekanan Statik, psi
Pwf = Tekanan Alir Dasar Sumur, psi
5. Penentuan Working Fluid Level
(WFL)
WFL = Mid Perfo – (Pwf / GF)
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
Pwf = Tekanan Alir Dasar Sumur, psi
GF = Gradient Statik, psi/ft
6. Penentuan Setting Depth (PSD)
PSD = WFL + 100
PSD = Pump Setting Depth, ft
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
7. Penentuan Pump Intake Pressure
(PIP)
PIP = (PSD – WFL) / GF
PIP = Pump Intake Pressure, psi
PSD = Pump Setting Depth, ft
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
GF = Gradirnt Tekanan, psi/ft
8. Penentuan Total Dynamic Head Common Friction Factor
(TDH) Values of C hw used for
 Menentukan Vertical Lift (HD) design purposes are:
HD = WFL
 Menentukan Tubung Friction Loss Asbestos Cement 140
(HF) Brass tube 130
𝐹𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐿𝑜𝑠𝑠 (𝐹) Cast-Iron tube 100
100 𝑄𝑡 Concrete tube 110
2,083 ( 𝐶 ) (34,3)
= Copper tube 130
𝐼𝐷 4,8655
HF = Friction Loss (F) x PSD Corrugated steel tube 60

 Menentukan Tubing Head (HT) Galvanized tubing 120

𝑇𝑢𝑏𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑥 2,31 Glass tube 130


𝐻𝑇 =
𝑆𝐺 𝐶𝑎𝑚𝑝𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑛 Lead piping 130
 Jadi, Total Dynamic Head Plastic pipe 140
TDH = HD + HT + HF PVC pipe 150
TDH = Total Dynamic Head, ft General smooth pipes 140
F = Friction Loss, (/1000ft) Steel pipe 120
HF = Tubing Friction Loss, ft Steel riveted pipes 100
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft Tar coated cast iron tube
HD = Vertical Lift, ft 100
HT = Tibing Head, ft Tin tubing130
C = Kontanta dari dari bahan yang Wood Stave 110
digunakan dalam pembuatan pipa
Qt = Laju Produksi, bpd
9. Penentuan Total Stage Required
𝑇𝐷𝐻
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑔𝑒 =
𝐻𝑒𝑎𝑑/𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑔𝑒
Total Stage = Total Stage Required,
stage
TDH = Total Dynamic Head, ft
Head/stage = Didapat dari EJP
10. Penentuan Horse Power
HHP = Hp Motor x Stage
HHP = Hose Power, hp
11. Penentuan Kecepatan Aliran di
Annulus (FV)
0,0119 𝑥 𝑄𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙
𝐹𝑉 =
(𝐼𝐷 𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔)2 − (𝑂𝐷 𝑚𝑜𝑡𝑜𝑟)2
FV = Kecepatan Aliran di Annulus,
ft/detik
12. Penentuan Kabel
Vkabel = (HS – 50)  V / 1000 ft
HS =
V =
13. Penentuan Transformator dan
Switchboard
 Menghitung Tegangan
(Vtot) = Vmotor + Vkabel
 Menghitung KVA
KVA = 1.73  Vtot  A/1000
14. Penentuan Total Tegangan Pada
Waktu Start
 Kebutuhan Tengangan Start
20,35  voltage rating
 Kebutuhan Tegangan Selama Start
3  kehilangan tegangan biasa
Progressive 1. Menentukan Pump Intake
Cavity Pump Pressure
PIP = Pwf – Gf (mid depth perforasi –
pump intake pressure)
Bila, terjadi perubahan Pwf:
PIP = Pwf – Gf (mid depth perforasi –
pump intake -  P)
Pwf  PwfAsumsi
P 
Gf
GF = Gradient Dormasi, psi/ft
2. Pennetuan Static Fluid Level
𝑃𝑠 𝑃𝑐
𝑆𝐹𝐿 = 𝐷𝑚𝑖𝑑 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑓𝑜 − ( + )
𝐺𝐹 𝐺𝐹
SFL = Static Fluid Level, ft
Ps = Tekanan Static, psi
Pc = Casing Head Pressure, psi
D mid perfo = Kedalaman Mid
Perforasi, ft
3. Pennetuan Working Fluid Level
𝑃𝑤𝑓 𝑃𝑐
𝑊𝐹𝐿 = 𝐷𝑚𝑖𝑑 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑓𝑜 − ( + )
𝐺𝐹 𝐺𝐹
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
D Mid Perfo = Kedalaman Mid
Oerforasi, ft
Pwf = Tekanan Alir Dasar Sumur, psi
Pc = Casing Head Pressure, psi
GF = Gradient Fluida, psi/ft
4. Penentuan Pump Setting Depth
Optimum
 Casing Head Tertutup
𝑃𝐼𝑃 − 𝑃𝑐
𝑃𝑆𝐷 𝑜𝑝𝑡 = 𝑊𝐹𝐿 +
𝐺𝑓
 Casing Head Terbuka
𝑃𝐼𝑃 − 𝑃𝑎𝑡𝑚
𝑃𝑆𝐷 𝑜𝑝𝑡 = 𝑊𝐹𝐿 +
𝐺𝑓
PSD opt = Pump Setting Depth
Optimum, ft
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
PIP = Pump Intake Displacement, psi
Pc = Tekanan Casing, psi
P atm = Tekanan Atmosfer (14,7 psi)
Gf = Gradient Formasi, psi/ft
5. Penentuan Pump Setting Depth
Minimum
𝑃𝑏 𝑃𝑐
𝑃𝑆𝐷 𝑚𝑖𝑛 = 𝑊𝐹𝐿 + +
𝐺𝐹 𝐺𝐹
PSD min = Pump Setting Depth
Minimum, ft
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
Pb = Tekanan Bubble, psi
Pc = Casing Head Pressure, psi
GF = Gradient Fluida, psi/ft
6. Penentuan Pump Setting Depth
Maksimum
𝑃𝑏 𝑃𝑐
𝑃𝑆𝐷 𝑚𝑎𝑥 = 𝐷𝑚𝑖𝑑 𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑓𝑜 − −
𝐺𝐹 𝐺𝐹
PSD max = Pump Setting Depth
Maksimum, ft
D mid Perfo = Kedalaman mid perfo, ft
Pb = Tekanan Bubble, psi
Pc = Casing Head Pressure, psi
GF = Gradient Pressure, psi/ft
7. Penentuan Total Dynamic Head
TDH = WFL + (FLP x 2,31 ft/psi) ,feet
TDH = (PSD terpasang x Gf) + FLP ,psi
TDH = 2,31 ft,psi x (THP/SG) + Zfl +Hf
,feet
Atau dapat dengan:
 Menentukan Vertical Lift (HD)
HD = WFL
 Menentukan Tubung Friction Loss
(HF)
𝐹𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐿𝑜𝑠𝑠 (𝐹)
100 𝑄𝑡
2,083 ( 𝐶 ) (34,3)
=
𝐼𝐷 4,8655
HF = Friction Loss (F) x PSD
 Menentukan Tubing Head (HT)
𝑇𝑢𝑏𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝑥 2,31
𝐻𝑇 =
𝑆𝐺 𝐶𝑎𝑚𝑝𝑢𝑟𝑎𝑛
 Jadi, Total Dynamic Head
TDH = HD + HT + HF
TDH = Total Dynamic Head, ft
F = Friction Loss, (/1000ft)
HF = Tubing Friction Loss, ft
WFL = Working Fluid Level, ft
HD = Vertical Lift, ft
HT = Tibing Head, ft
PSD = Pump Setting Depth, psi
SG = Spesifik Gravity
Zfl = Fluid Area, ft
THP = Tubing Pressure Drop, psi
8. Penentuan Torque
𝐻𝑃 𝑥 5252
𝑇𝑜𝑟𝑞𝑢𝑒 =
𝑅𝑃𝑀
atau

Torque =

Head (m) x Q pump displacement



125
friction torque
* harga friction torque antara 50 – 200
lb/ft untuk pipa baja diambil 100 -120.
Torque = Torsi, ft-lbs
Q Pump Displacement,
9. Penentuan Horse Power Motor
𝑄 𝑥 𝑇𝐷𝐻
𝐻𝑃 =
1714
atau
RPMxTorque
HPpolish rod =
5252
HPhydraulic =
Q (m3/D) x PSD optimum (m)
4360
Hpmotor = HPpolish rod + HPhydrulic
HP = Horse Meter, hp
Q = Laju Alir Produksi
TDH = Total Dynamic Head, ft
RPM = Kecepatan Putaran Permenit,
rpm
10. Variable Speed Drive
VSD = 75% x HP x 1Kw
VSD = Variable Speed Drive, Kw
HP = Horse Power yang digunakan
11. Evaluasi Volumetris pada PCP
Q theo = V x N
𝑄 𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙
ξ= 𝑥 100%
𝑄 𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖
Q theo = Theoritical Flow Rate, bbl/d
atau m3/d
V = Pump Displacement, bbl/d/RPM
atau m3/d/RPM
N = Rotation Speed, RPM
ξ = Volumetric Pumping Efficiency, %
Q actual = Actual Flow Rate, bbl/d atau
m3/d
Gas Lift 1. Penentuan Titik Injeksi

2. Penentuan Jumlah Gas Injeksi


Qgi = GLRopt x Qtmax
Atau
Qgi = (GLRt – GLRf) x Qtmax
Koreksi qgi pada temperatur titik injeksi:
q gi  q gi  correction

Correction  0.0544 Sgi(Tpoi)


𝑇𝑝𝑜𝑖 = (𝑇𝑠 + 𝐺𝑡 𝐷𝑖) + 460
Gt = Gradient Geothermal, 0F/ft
qgi =Laju injeksi gas, scf/day
qt max = Laju produksi total maksimum,
stb/day
GLRoptimum = Gas liquid ratio, scf/stb
GLRt = Gas liquid ratio total, scf/stb
GLRf = Gas liquid ratio formasi, scf/stb
Sgi = Specific gravity gas injeksi
Tpoi = Temperatur pada titik injeksi, oR.
3. Penentuan Spasi Valve
∆𝑃𝑑
∆𝐷𝑣 =
𝐺𝑠
Pko  Pwh
Dv1 
Gs
𝑃𝑠𝑜 − 𝑃𝑤ℎ − (𝐺𝑣 𝑥 𝐷𝑣1 )
𝐷𝑣2 = 𝐷𝑣1
𝐺𝑠
𝑃𝑠𝑜 − 𝑃𝑤ℎ − (𝐺𝑣 𝑥 𝐷𝑣2 )
𝐷𝑣3 = 𝐷𝑣2
𝐺𝑠
𝑃𝑠𝑜 − 𝑃𝑤ℎ − (𝐺𝑣 𝑥 𝐷𝑣3 )
𝐷𝑣4 = 𝐷𝑣3
𝐺𝑠

ΔDv = Jarak Maksimum Katub

Dv1, v2…= Kedalaman katup 1, 2, dst,


ft
Pso1, Pso2… = Tekanan buka
permukaan 1, 2, dst, psi
Pwh = Tekanan kepala sumur, psi
Gs = Gradient kill fluid, psi/ft
Gu = Gradient unloading, psi/ft
4. Penentuan Tekanan Buka Valve
Pv  Pso  Ggi.D
Pvc
Pvo   Pt (TEF )
1 R
Pd @ 60  Ct ( Pd )
Ct didapat dari Tabel IV-2
Pd @ 60
Ptro 
1 R
Pv = Tekanan buka katup operasi pada
kedalaman, psi
Pso = Surface operating pressure, psi
Ggi = Gradient tekanan gas injeksi,
psi/ft