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Indian National Junior Science Olympiad 2018

Roll Number:

QUESTION PAPER
INJSO 2018 Date: 27th January 2018
Duration: 3 Hours Maximum marks: 90

INSTRUCTIONS

• Write your roll number on top of this page in the space provided.

• Use only black or blue pen to write your answers in the Answer Sheet provided. Do not use a
pencil.

• Before starting, please ensure that you have received a copy of this Question paper containing a
total of 20 pages (20 sides on 10 sheets including the first 2 cover pages for instructions and
values of physical constants).

• In section A, there are 30 multiple choice questions with 4 alternatives, out of which only 1 is
correct. You get 1 mark for every correct answer and – 0.25 mark for every wrong answer.

• In Section B there are 12 questions of total 60 marks.

• For Section A, you have to indicate the answers on page 3 of the Answer sheet by putting a “×”
in the appropriate box against the relevant question number, like this:

Q. No. (a) (b) (c) (d)

22

Marking a cross means affirmative response (making your particular choice). Do not use
tick mark or any other signs to mark the correct answers.

• For each of the 12 questions in Section B, a separate page has been provided in the Answer
sheet, with the particular question number indicated in the top left hand corner. One additional
page for answering those questions has also been appended, in case of necessity.

• A blank page has been provided in the Answer sheet, for rough work.

• Write the answers in the answer sheet only.

• Calculator(s) and mobile phone(s) are not allowed.

• The Answer Sheet must be returned to the invigilator. You may take this Question paper with
you.

HOMI BHABHA CENTRE FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION


Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
V. N. Purav Marg, Mankhurd, Mumbai, 400 088
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

Useful Physical constants and Definitions (Many constants have been adjusted to make
calculations simple in this examination)

Gravitational Constant (G) = 6.7 × 10-11 m3kg-1s-2


Acceleration due to gravity (g) = 10 m/s2
Avogadro’s number (N) = 6.0 × 1023 / mol
Gas constant (R) = 8.3 J mol-1 K-1, 0.082 L atm K-1 mol-1
Charge on each proton (+e) = 1.6 x 10-19 C
Mass of proton (Mp) = 1.7 x 10-27 kg
1/4πε0 = 9.0 x 109 N m2 C-2
Velocity of sound in air = 350 m/s
Velocity of sound in water = 1500 m/s
Density of ice = 910 kg/m3
Density of water = 1000 kg/m3
√2 = 1.41 1/√3 = 0.58
1/√2 = 0.71 √3 = 1.73
√3/2 = 0.87

Element Atomic Atomic Atomic Atomic


Element
Mass Number Mass Number
H 1 1 Li 6 3
C 12 6 Be 9 4
N 14 7 F 18 9
O 16 8 Cl 35.5 17
Na 23 11 Ca 40 20
Mg 24 12 Ba 137 56
Al 27 13 Fe 56 26
S 32 16 Zn 65 30
Cu 63.5 29 Ar 40 18
K 39 19 Ti 48 22
Sc 45 21 V 51 23
Cr 52 24 Mn 55 25
Co 59 27 Ni 59 28
Ga 70 31 Ge 73 32
Se 79 34 As 75 33
Br 80 35 Kr 84 36
Rb 85.5 37 Sr 88 38

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INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

SECTION A

Questions 1 to 30 are Multiple Choice questions with every correct answer carrying 1 mark and every
wrong answer carrying – 0.25 mark.

1. Natural water contains about 0.02% D2O (heavy water). When it is enriched to 20% (by volume),
calculate the fraction of weight due to neutrons in 1 mole of water sample.

a) 0.355 b) 0.444 c) 0.455 d) 0.500

2. A piece of alloy of Al and Zn weighing 1.67 g was completely dissolved in acid and evolved 1.69 litre of
hydrogen at NTP. What is the percentage of Al in the piece of alloy?

a) 26.5% b) 48.5% c) 51.5% d) 73.5%

3. The DNA sequence of the genome of a virus is known and contains equal number of A, T G and C. The
genome is composed of double stranded DNA molecule. It is 10Kb in length. If one searches the genome
for the presence of the following sequence 5΄-AAAAAA-3΄/3΄-TTTTTT-5΄, predict the number of such
stretches that are likely to occur. (1Kb = 1000 base pairs).

a) Two b) Eight c) Sixteen d) Thirty two

4. An astronaut has to burn 40g of glucose in his body per hour to get the required energy. Find the
amount of oxygen that would need to be carried in space to meet his energy requirement for thirty
days.

a) 10.2 kg b) 28.8 kg c) 30.7 kg d) 96.1 kg

5. A particle moves along positive X-axis with a velocity (in a suitable unit) varying as (4 – 3t – t2) where t is
time in seconds. Students draw following four conclusions.

(I) Initially the particle is at the origin.


(II) Initial speed of the particle is zero.
(III) The particle decelerates till t = 1 s.
(IV) The speed of the particle goes on increasing after t = 1 s.

Therefore, conclusions
a) (i) & (ii) are sometimes correct, (iii) & (iv)are always correct,
b) (i), (iii) & (iv) are always correct and (ii) is sometimes correct
c) (i), (iii) & (iv) always correct, (ii) is never correct
d) (i) is sometimes correct, (ii) is never correct, (iii) & (iv) are always correct

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INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

6. Titration is carried out for 3 moles of a mixture of ferrous and ferric sulphate, which required 100 mL of
2 M potassium permanganate in acidic medium. Hence the mole fraction of ferrous sulphate in the
mixture is ______.

a) 1/3 b) 2/3 c) 2/5 d) 3/5

7. Many proteins of the chloroplast are encoded by genes in the nucleus. In these cases the RNA is
transcribed in the nucleus, translated by the cytoplasmic ribosomes and the protein transported to the
chloroplast. For such a protein how many membrane(s) does the protein cross to reach the thylakoid
space (lumen) of the chloroplast?

a) One b) Two c) Three d) Four

8. A ray of light passes through a thick glass sheet with some angle of incidence as shown. The refractive
index of glass is ______.

a) Exactly d/DC.
b) Approximately d/DC.
c) Approximately d/AD.
d) Approximately AD/AC.

9. A sample of clay was partially dried and then found to contain 60% silica and 8% water .The original
sample of clay contained 15% water. Find the percentage of silica in the original sample.

a) 52.3% b) 47.8% c) 55.5% d) 51.7%

10. A plant has pink flowers. When this plant was self pollinated, there were three types of progeny
obtained; progeny with red flowers, pink flowers and white flowers that appeared in the ratio of 1:2:1.
From the given information how many alleles are involved in the formation of these flower colours?

a) One b) Two c) Three d) Four

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

11. A beaker of mass 50 g, with 262 g of water in it, is kept on a weighing machine. A uniform hollow brass
ball of total volume 36π cc is inserted into the water in the beaker. It is observed that the ball floats on
water. The weighing machine now reads 400 g. Density of brass is 8 g/cc, while that of the air inside the
brass ball can be neglected. Thickness of the brass used to prepare the ball must be nearest to ______.

a) 0.5 mm b) 0.8 mm c) 1 mm d) 1.2 mm

12. If a body exerts a force on a surface, the surface exerts a reaction force on the body. This reaction force
is always along normal to the surface at that point and is popularly known as the normal force N. When
the body slides on a surface, the surface exerts a force of friction on the body in the direction opposite
to the direction of slipping. The magnitude of this frictional force is given by , where is a constant
(called coefficient of friction) for the given pair of surfaces in contact and N is the normal force.

Consider a block of mass 100 kg placed on a level surface. If one person tries to push it with a force F,
he is unable to do so. He receives help from two of his friends and each one applies the same force F.
Now the block moves with a uniform acceleration of 0.5 m/s2. After sometime, one of them happens to
leave the exercise of pushing the block. This time the block moves with a uniform speed. The magnitude
of force F and the coefficient of kinetic friction µ are respectively ______.

a) 50 N, 0.05 b) 100 N, 0.1 c) 50 N, 0.1 d) 100 N, 0.2

13. The elements A, B, C, and D belong to the groups 1, 2, 14, and 17 respectively of the periodic table.
Which of the following pairs of elements would produce a covalent bond?

a) A and D b) B and C c) A and B d) C and D

14. How many molecules of water of hydration are present in 252 mg of oxalic acid (C2H2O4.2H2O)?

a) 1.2 x 1021 b) 1.7 x 1021 c) 2.4 x 1021 d) 3.4 x 1021

15. Which of the following is NOT a component of the theory of natural selection when Darwin proposed his
theory?

a) Heritable variations allow some individuals to compete more successfully for resources.
b) Selective pressure allows some individuals in a population to reproduce more than others.
c) All new variations in a given population arise from spontaneous mutation in genes.
d) Some new variations are passed on to the next generation.

16. Some people face problems seeing distant objects clearly. They, however, have no problem seeing
nearby objects. A person wears a spectacle with concave lenses to see distant objects. He is able to see
nearby object clearly without using lenses. When this person is reading without using the spectacles the
image will be formed ______.

a) On the blind spot b) Behind the retina


c) In front of the retina d) In the fovea region on the retina.

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

17. A magnet is in the form of a bar. Initially, the axis of the bar magnet is along X-axis. At some distance
from the magnet, a coil is kept in the Y – Z plane with its centre along X-axis. Which of the following
motions of the bar magnet will NOT induce electric current in the coil?

a) Translational vibrations perpendicular to X-axis.

b) The bar magnet axis is turned to make an acute angle with the X-axis and the magnet is rotated about
X-axis with the south pole fixed on X-axis.

c) The bar magnet axis is swinging back and forth about the X-axis with the south pole fixed on the X-
axis.

d) The bar magnet spins about a perpendicular bisector as its axis of rotation, with its center on the X-
axis.

18. A falcon and its trainer are exactly midway between two vertical & parallel hills. As the trainer fires the
gun, the falcon starts flying directly towards one of the hills. The falcon hears first and second echoes of
the gun-shot at 2 s and 3 s respectively. Ignore reflection of sound from the falcon and from the trainer.
The air is practically still. Among the following options, respective speeds of the falcon and the sound (in
m/s) could be _______.

a) 85 &340 b) 68 & 340 c) 50 & 350 d) 40 & 360

19. At time t = 0, an object is dropped from point A that rebounds inelastically (losing some of its kinetic
energy) with a speed of 10 m/s after making a collision with the ground. It finally attains the maximum
possible height at t = 4 s. What is the difference of heights at t = 0 and at t = 4 s? (Ignore air resistance as
well as the time of impact)

a) 35 m b) 40 m c) 45 m d) zero

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

20. Observe the following diagram carefully. Concentration of solution in each test tube is 0.1M. The test
tube in which a chemical reaction occurs is

Al Pb Fe Ag

ZnSO4 CuSO4
FeSO4 Pb(NO3)2
P Q R S

a) P & R b) P & Q c) Q & R d) P & S

21. When two equimolar salt solutions are separated by a selectively permeable membrane, the movement
of water molecule across the membrane depends on the water potential of the respective solutions.
Water moves from higher water potential to lower water potential. Higher the concentration of ions in a
solution; lower is its water potential. In an experiment, two compartments are separated by a
specifically designed synthetic membrane that is permeable to water and urea and not to sodium
chloride molecules.

Compartment P Compartment Q

1M NaCl solution 1M Urea solution

Membrane

Hint: MW of NaCl: 58.4g/mol MW of Urea: 60 g/mol.

In the above condition, which one of the following options best represents the movement of water and
its reason?

a) Water moves into P, because P has higher concentration of non-penetrating solutes.


b) Water moves into P, because P has higher concentration of penetrating solutes.
c) Water moves into Q, because Q has higher concentration of non-penetrating solutes.
d) Water moves into Q, because Q has lower concentration of non-penetrating solutes.

22. When 0.7 L of Hydrogen at 0.8 bar and 1.5 L of Oxygen at 0.6 bar are introduced in a 1 L vessel at 250C,
the total pressure of the gas mixture is _____.

a) 0.8 bar b) 1.24 bar c) 1.46 bar d) 1.62 bar

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INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

23. Cone cells in human eye are responsible for color vision. The cone cells are of three types: Red (R),
Green (G) and Blue (B) cells. Each type of cone cell responds to a range of wavelengths, with a particular
wavelength showing the maximum response. Given below is a graph showing relative response of rods
and cone cells in different wavelengths of light.

Which of the cone cell(s) will respond to wavelengths in the orange region?

a) Blue and red b) Red and green c) Blue and green d) only red

24. Five polyester balls labeled P, Q, R, S & T are suspended from insulating threads. Several experiments
are performed on the balls and the following observations are made.

I. Ball P repels R and attracts Q


II. Ball S attracts Q and has no effect on T
III. A negatively charged rod attracts both P and T

Which one of the following options correctly describes the nature of charges on the respective balls (0
refers to uncharged)?

P Q R S T

a + - + 0 +

b + - + + 0

c - + - 0 0

d + - + 0 0

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INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

25. Plant tissues where carbon fixation occurs are known as ‘source’. The product(s) formed is/are then
transported to different parts of the plant body for its further utilization or storage, which is known as
‘sink’.
Which of the following can be categorized as ‘source (P)’and ‘Sink (Q)’?

a) (P) endodermis of root; (Q) phloem cells of root


b) (P) epidermal region of assimilatory root; (Q) meristematic region of assimilatory root
c) (P) parenchyma of beet tuber; (Q) phloem cells of root
d) (P) xylem tissue of a green leaf; (Q) phloem tissue of the adjacent green leaf

26. Immunity is the state of protection against foreign agents. It can be conferred either actively by
activating a person’s immune system or passively without activating his own immune system. Following
are different examples of how immunity can be attained.

I. Antibodies passed from mother to the child through breast feeding.

II. Treatment of humans bitten by venomous snakes with antivenin, a serum from sheep or horses that
have been immunized against the venom.

III. Infection with hepatitis A virus and subsequent recovery from it.

IV. Administration of hepatitis A vaccines.

Which of the above are examples of passive immunity?

a) I & II only b) II & III only c) I only d) I& IV only

27. A student titrated a mixture of NaHCO3 and Na2CO3 against a standard solution of HCl. He pipetted out a
certain volume of mixture and added phenolphthalein indicator. The pink solution changed to colourless
after addition of x mL of HCl. To the same solution he added methyl orange indicator and continued the
titration. The end point with methyl orange indicator was obtained after addition of y mL HCl. The
volume of HCl required for complete neutralization of Na2CO3 is ______.

a) 2 x b) x/2 c) y d) y – x

28. The organism whose body develops from two germ layers are called diploblastic, whereas the organism
developed from three germ layers are called triploblastic. In some triploblastic organism the body cavity
or coelom is formed from mesoderm and endoderm. Such an organism is called as [P] and an
example for it is [Q] . Choose the correct option to fill in the blanks in the above statement.

a) [P] – Coelomate; [Q]-Hydra b) [P] – Coelomate; [Q]-Planaria


c) [P] – Pseudocoelomate; [Q]- Pila d) [P] – Pseudocoelomate; [Q]- Ascaris

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

29. Two identical circular rings are placed in a plane such a way that they pass through each other’s centres
C1 and C2 as shown in figure. Resistance of the wire forming each ring is 36 Ω. Conducting joints are
made at interaction points A and B of the rings. An ideal cell of e.m.f 2 volt is connected across A and B.
The power delivered by the cell will be ______.

a) 1/18 W b) 2/9 W c) 1 W d) 8/9 W

30. In the circuit shown below, the internal resistance of the battery is 1.5 Ω and its e.m.f. is 20 V. A
multimeter in its voltage mode is connected between P and Q. Internal resistance of the multimeter can
be taken to be infinite. The multimeter reading is _____.

a) – 2.5 V b) - 4 V c) 4 V d) 2.5 V

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Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

SECTION B

Questions 31 to 42 are long questions. Marks are indicated in the brackets. Answer the questions only
in the answer sheet provided.

Question 31

A) An ion with mass number 79 when placed between two electrically charged plates with potential
difference 1 V gains energy of 2 eV and moves towards the positive plate. If the ion contains 25 % more
neutrons than the electrons, identify the ion. [Total=3 marks]

B) Trisha was given a silvery white metal (A) and she was asked to heat it in air. Trisha did that and
observed that a white ash (X) is formed. Out of curiosity she dissolved the ash (X) in water and obtained
a solution (Y). Trisha tested the solution (Y) using pH paper and found that it turned blue. (Y) is
commonly used in dental work as an antimicrobial, and is the substance of choice of dentists for forming
a protective layer known as an apical barrier. (Y) when reacts with chlorine gas gives (B),which is used as
a toilet cleaner. To this solution (Y), she added dil sulphuric acid and obtained a white precipitate (Z).
Help Trisha to identify A, B, Y, Z. Write balanced equations for all the reactions involved. [Total=2 marks]

Question 32

A point object is moved away from 5 cm to 90 cm along the principal axis of a concave mirror of radius
of curvature 60 cm. (Distances are from centre of the mirror).

Using Cartesian sign convention, calculate image distances (v) for at least ten suitable object distances
(u) and tabulate the values.

Plot a graph of v against u using the tabulated values with a proper choice of scales. [Total= 5 marks]

Question 33

A sprint runner was running a 100 meter race. 10 min before starting his run in the race, he was given
200 ml of 5% glucose solution. [Assume M.W. of glucose = 180.0]. [Total=5 marks]

I) Calculate how many moles of glucose was given to the sprinter. [1.5]

II) If 100% of the glucose molecules was absorbed into his body and were used for production of
pyruvic acid, calculate the moles of pyruvic acid that will be produced from these glucose
molecules. [0.5]

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INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

III) 25% of the total pyruvic acids generated from these glucose molecules are in muscle tissues and
they subsequently form lactic acid. Calculate the total moles of lactic acid produced from these
pyruvic acids. [0.5]

IV) If all the pyruvic acid generated (including the muscles and other parts of body) undergo
aerobic oxidation to produce CO2 and water, calculate the total moles of CO2 produced from
these pyruvic acid. [1.0]

V) The figure above represents a pictorial representation of components of a cell. Based on the
information above predict the sites where these products are formed when glucose is
metabolized by aerobic or anaerobic oxidation. [1.5]
i. The site of formation of pyruvic acid is _______________ in the cell.
ii. The site of lactic acid formation is ______________ in the cell.
iii. The site of oxidation of pyruvic acid for generation of end products such as CO2 and H2O is
___________.

Question 34

A stable carbon nucleus has 6 protons and 6 neutrons and a radius of 2.7 10-15 m. The six protons repel
each other so that each proton experiences equal resultant force from the others which is also the
minimum resultant repulsive force.

For the purpose of calculations, assume that the protons and neutrons are point particles and protons
are point charges. Also assume that protons and neutrons get distributed inside or on the surface of
sphere of radius given above. The nuclear force which gives nucleus its stability is NOT discussed in this
question.

Note: A force F has its component at an angle given by F cos and in a direction perpendicular to the
first (in the same plane), it is F sin .

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Note: while expressing a number in scientific notation, decimal point should be placed one digit after
first non-zero digit and then multiplied by appropriate power of 10, as given in the constants on the
front page. [Total=5 marks]

i) Draw a simple sketch or explain in few words the orientation of the protons in the nucleus when the
above mentioned condition is satisfied. [1.0]

ii) Obtain the expression for the resultant repulsive force on one proton due to the remaining protons.
[1.0]

iii) Calculate the magnitude of this resultant repulsive force. [1.0]

iv) Calculate the attractive gravitational force on this proton due to the remaining protons under the
condition stated above. [1.0]

v) Calculate the approximate ratio of the repulsive electrostatic force to the attractive gravitational
force. [0.5]

vi) What is the direction of the resultant electrostatic repulsive force on this proton? [0.5]

Question 35

A) Veeni thermally decomposed 90g of potassium chlorate of 60% purity. The total gas produced was
allowed to react with hydrogen that was prepared by passing steam over hot magnesium metal.
Calculate the amount of magnesium required to produce just sufficient hydrogen for completion of the
reaction. [Total=2 marks]

B) When a silvery grey powder of a solid (A) is mixed with a powder of solid (B) no reaction occurs. But if
the mixture is ignited and lighted using magnesium ribbon a reaction occurs with evolution of large
amount of heat forming product (C) which settles down as liquid metal and the solid product (D) formed
floats on the liquid (C). (C) in solid form reacts with moisture to form rust. The amount of heat
generated during the reaction is so high that the reaction is used in welding of electric conductors, joints
in railway tracks. Based on this information, answer the following questions.

I) Identify (A), (B), (C) and (D).

II) Write the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. Name the type of reaction.

III) If (A) reacts with air on heating what will be the nature of oxide formed?

IV) Does oxide of (A) react with aqueous NaOH and/or HCl . Give balance chemical equation/s.

[Total=3 marks]

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INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

Question 36

Inheritance of traits in humans is studied by analyzing the presence or absence of a trait in a family. This
is then depicted as a chart showing different generations and indicating individuals who show the trait.
The following is a pedigree for a rare genetic disorder representing parents (top row) and their three
children. [Total=5 marks]

The pedigree suggests that the genetic disorder could be either autosomal recessive or X-linked
recessive.

The following statements were made about the genotypes (with respect to the gene responsible for the
disorder) of the 5 individuals in this pedigree:

a. The mother is heterozygous.


b. The daughters could be either homozygous or heterozygous.
c. The daughters are only homozygous.

I) Which of the above statement(s) is/ are correct if the genetic disorder is
[No marks will be given for partially correct answers]

i. Autosomal recessive? [2.0]


ii. X-linked recessive?

II) Assuming that both the parents carry the allele responsible for the disorder, what is the probability
that the first daughter would carry the same allele?

a) 1/4 b) 2/4 c) 1/3 d) 2/3 [1.0]

III) Assume that the trait is X-linked recessive. The affected son marries a woman who does not carry
the allele for the disorder. When they have a child, what is the probability that child will carry the allele,
if the child is a
i. Son
ii. Daughter [2.0]

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Question 37

A tank measuring 3 m (l) × 3 m (b) × 2 m (h) contains water to 80% of its capacity. The tank is moving
with a uniform velocity along a smooth horizontal surface.

i) Will the free surface of water be horizontal? If not, sketch the nature of the free surface. [0.5]

ii) From t = 5 s the tank is accelerated along its length at a m/s2. Will the free surface of water be
horizontal? If not, sketch the nature of the free surface. [0.5]

iii) Determine the maximum value of acceleration a such that water does not spill over the tank.
[3.0]

iv) Complete the following statement by choosing the correct option. [1.0]

During accelerated motion of the water tank an air bubble trapped inside will move_____.

a) Parallel to the direction of acceleration a.


b) In a direction opposite to the direction of a.
c) Vertically upward.
d) In a direction perpendicular to the free surface of the water.

Question 38

A) Deepa has 100 ml of 10.7 % ammonium chloride solution. Vikram added some amount of slaked lime
in it. The gas produced in the reaction is allowed to react with 23.85 g of copper (II) oxide to give solid
copper. [Total=3 marks]

Calculate:

i) Write balanced chemical equations for all the reactions involved.

ii) The amount of slaked lime required to produce sufficient amount of the gas for complete reaction
with copper oxide

iii) The mass of copper after the reaction.

B)

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r

a to r are elements of the fourth period in the periodic table. Answer the questions given below based
on the above information. [Total=2 marks]

i) Write the formula of the compound formed when o reacts with q.

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ii) Which element forms maximum number of oxidation states?

iii) Which element forms a purple salt which is also used as disinfectant and for sterilizing well water.

iv) Identify the coinage elements in the above period.

v) Which element is a metalloid?

vi) Which of the above elements has the lowest percentage in the common variety of brass?

Question 39

Some experiments were carried out using Croton sp. plants to understand the process of
photosynthesis. It was observed that the leaves of the plant exposed to light for longer duration
accumulated more starch. However, due to presence of pre-formed starch in the leaves, it was difficult
to find the net productivity on a fixed exposure to light source. Therefore, it was necessary to obtain
starch free leaves in the plant before starting the experiment. [Total=5 marks]

1. Which of the following would help obtain starch free leaves in the plant? [0.5]

a) Expose the leaves to blue light for 48 hours before starting the experiment.
b) Keep the plant in dark for about 48 hours before starting the experiment.
c) Remove starch from the leaves by exosmosis, 48 hours before starting the experiment.
d) Keep the leaves to red light for 48 hours before starting the experiment.

2. After a period of illumination, the leaves were boiled in alcohol to make them colourless. Which of the
following could be used to test the end product stored in the leaves? [0.5]

a) Cobalt chloride paper


b) Litmus paper
c) Iodine solution
d) Copper sulfate solution

3. During the experiment it was also noted that the end product starch got accumulated only in the cells
containing green plastid and upon their illumination to specific wavelengths of light. What is the
immediate purpose of the specific wavelength of light used? [1.0]

a) In reducing carbon dioxide


b) For synthesis of glucose
c) Excitation of chlorophyll
d) Splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen ion.

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4. Some of the starch free leaves were coated with wax on both the surfaces. The plant was maintained
under normal environmental conditions. At the end of the experiment, the wax coated leaves are likely
to show _____. [1.0]

a) Accumulation of more water.


b) Wilting of the wax coated leaves.
c) Increase in sucrose accumulation.
d) Decrease in number of chloroplasts

5. During the morning hours, using a fine blade, an incision was made to the leaves such that the phloem
tissue was cut open. Analysis of the liquid oozing out was found to contain high amount of [1.0]

a) Xylose
b) Ribose
c) Sucrose
d) Galactose

6. Leaves of the plant were homogenized in an appropriate buffer environment under appropriate
temperature conditions in a test tube. In which of the following conditions is photosynthesis likely to
happen in the homogenate? [1.0]

a) As long as the test tube is illuminated by white light and oxygen concentration is high.
b) As long as the test tube is illuminated by white light and sodium bicarbonate is present in it.
c) As long as oxygen concentration is high and sodium carbonate is present in the test tube.
d) As long as the test tube is illuminated by white light and potassium phosphate is present in it.

Question 40

A) The electrostatic potential difference between two points A & B, corresponding to electrostatic
forces, is defined as the change in electrostatic potential energy per unit charge as it moves from A to B.
A charged particle of mass 0.02 kg moves under electrostatic forces only, from A to B having potential
difference of 10 volts as shown. Velocity of the particle at A is 20 m/s and at B is 40 m/s and their
directions are perpendicular. Calculate the charge q on the particle. [Total=2 marks]

17 Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education


Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

B) Two helicopters X and Y are stationary at a distance of 80 m from each other and 10 m above the
surface of sea (near the Antarctic). The two helicopters have sound detectors. Helicopter X is stationary,
vertically above a 50 m thick block of ice. (For the purpose of calculation, the vertical section of the
block can be considered as rectangle). A Blue whale (W) is stationary vertically below X and 50 m below
the water surface in such a way that there is no ice in the line of sight between Whale W and helicopter
Y. This line of sight intersects water surface at point M.

Whale W gives out a call (sound) which is detected by X. Y received the same sound 0.07 seconds after X
received it. (For practical purpose, helicopters are considered to be point objects).
[Total=3 marks]

i) How much height of ice is floating above the surface of sea? [1.0]

ii) What is the distance YM and YW? [0.25 + 0.25]

iii) What is the time taken for the sound to travel from W to Y after W makes the sound? [0.5]

iv) What is the time taken for the sound to travel from W to X? [0.5]

v) What is the velocity of sound in the ice? [0.5]

Question 41

A) A mixture of a 5 mL sample solution of HCl and 2 drops of phenolphthalein turns pink on the addition
of 2 drops of 1 M NaOH solution to it. Find the concentration and grams of HCl in the given sample
solution. (100 drops of 1 M NaOH is found to be equivalent to 6 mL) [Total=2 marks]

B) Reshma and Shubha were working together in the chemistry laboratory. They wanted to find out the
exact molarity of a solution of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), prepared by dissolving exactly one gram of
sodium hydroxide pellets in water and diluting the resultant solution to 250 mL in a volumetric flask.
Reshma weighed exactly one gram of solid sodium hydroxide using a chemical balance ; but while
transferring it to a beaker, she spilled some amount of the weighed solid on the floor but she still went
ahead with the preparation. Shubha was unaware of this spillage. She titrated the sodium hydroxide
solution prepared by Reshma with 10 mL solution of 0.05 M dibasic acid having formula (C2H3O2)2. The
constant titre reading for the titration obtained by Shubha was 11.3 mL.

(i) Calculate the amount of sodium hydroxide spilled on the floor.

(ii) How many molecules of each of the reactants were present in the titration performed by Shubha ?
[Total=3 marks]

Question 42

A) An analysis of food chains and the energy flow within an ecosystem provides important understanding
of contingencies and mutual dependencies of organisms. The following visual depicts the energy flow
within some members of a grassland ecosystem.

18 Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education


Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

The grass in the above ecosystem transducer 120,000 J of sunlight and fixes it into 12,000 J of energy. It
is established that 90% of the energy of one trophic level is not passed to the next trophic level. Further
assume that the energy transferred from one trophic level to the next is equally shared among the
different organisms at that trophic level. [Total=5 marks]

I) How many food chains are present in the food web depicted above? [0.5]

II) Based on the above information, indicate the amount of energy that an organism (A to F) may
have received from an organism from the previous trophic level. [0.5]

III) In the food web depicted above, identify the most energy efficient link for tertiary consumer?
[1.5]

B) Assume that an insect eats plant seeds containing 100 J of energy. A part of this energy is lost or is
unassimilated in the form of faeces; while the rest is assimilated through respiration and biomass
production. It uses 36 J of that energy for respiration and excretes 52 J in its faeces.
[1.0]
i) How much is the insect’s net secondary production?

(a) 12 J

(b) 48 J

(c) 24 J

(d) 36 J

19 Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education


Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
INDIAN NATIONAL JUNIOR SCIENCE OLYMPIAD January 27, 2018

(ii) Production efficiency is the percentage of energy stored in assimilated food that is not used for
respiration.In the case of the insect described above, what will be its production efficiency? [1.0]

(a) 5.8 %

(b) 25 %

(c) 75 %

(d) 92 %

C) Which of the following represents the correct sequence representing an increasing order of biomass
production efficiencies? [0.5]

(a) Birds  Mammals  Fishes  Microorganisms

(b) Microorganisms  Birds  Fishes  Mammals

(c) Fishes  Birds  Mammals  Microorganisms

(d) Mammals  Fishes  Birds  Microorganisms

20 Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education


Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai