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BANGLADESH-INDIA FRIENDSHIP POWER COMPANY

(PVT.) LIMITED

2X660MW MAITREE SUPER THERMAL POWER


PROJECT RAMPAL, BANGLADESH

OWNER’S CONSULTANT:

M/s FICHTNER GmbH & Co KG.


STUTTGART, GERMANY

DESIGN OF PRECAST DRIVEN PILES


DIMENSION: 450mmX450mm SQUARE & LENGTH:26m

BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS LIMITED


PROJECT ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT
NOIDA-201301
DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF PRECAST DRIVEN PILE [JOB PILE] ( 450mm X 450mm SQ)
PROJECT TITLE: 2X660MW MAITREE SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT.
LOCATION:RAMPAL, BAGERHAT, BANGLADESH.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 1.0 CHECK FOR DRIVING STRESS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 2

 2.0 CHECK FOR LIFTING & PITCHING STRESS ---------------------------------------------------------- 2

 3.0 CHECK FOR AXIAL STRESS ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3

 4.0 CHECK FOR UPLIFT CAPACITY ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3

 5.0 CHECK FOR LATERAL CAPACITY ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 3

 6.0 EVALUATION OF POINT OF FIXITY OF PILE ------------------------------------------------------ 4

 RECOMMENDATIONS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4

November 13, 2017 Page 1 of 5


DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF PRECAST DRIVEN PILE [JOB PILE] ( 450mm X 450mm SQ)
PROJECT TITLE: 2X660MW MAITREE SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT.
LOCATION:RAMPAL, BAGERHAT, BANGLADESH.

1.0 Check for Driving Stress

Formula for use with Diesel Hammer:

Ru= [12efEn/ (s+0.5(C1+C2+C3)] x [(Wr+e Wp) / (Wr+Wp)] ---------(I)


Where,
 Ru = ultimate carrying capacity of pile  s = set value
(considered as ultimate resistance to  C1= temporary compression allowance
driving) for pile head and cap.
 Wr= weight of falling mass, lb  C2= temporary compression of pile, inch.
 En=Rated energy per blow, ft-lb = Ru L/ AE
 ef= hammer efficiency =100 percent for  C3= temporary compression allowance
diesel hammer. for quake of ground
 Wp= weight of pile  A= average cross section of pile, Sq.inch
 L = length of pile, inch.  E= modulus of elasticity for pile
 e = coefficient of restitution material=57000√ f’c
Using the above equation,
Developed Stress on Concrete during driving = = 16.98 Mpa < 40 Mpa
[REFERENCE: APPENDIX-A]
HENCE SAFE FOR CONCRETE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH AT DRIVING.

2.0 Check For Lifting & Pitching Stress

Total dead weight of pile, W ' =[0.45x0.45x25x16] kN= 81kN


Factored Dead Weight of Pile, W =1.4 x 81= 113.40 kN [ACI-318-14: TABLE 5.3.1]
 2.0.1. DURING PITCHING
For one point pitching at 3L/10, maximum developed moment = WL/22 …………(II)
=113.4 X 16/22 = 82.47 kN-m
Maximum Developed Moment, Mu=82.47 kN-m
2.0.1.1 MOMENT CAPACITY OF REINFORCED CONCRETE SECTION

Using 4 Nos 20mm-φ bar, Moment Capacity of the section, Mc = 164.14 kN-m > 82.47 kN-m.
[REF.: APPENDIX-B –ANALYSIS ON SECTION CAPACITY.]
HENCE SAFE FOR ONE POINT PITCHING (AT 0.3 L).

 2.0.2 DURING LIFTING


For two point lifting at L/5, maximum developed moment = WL/40 < WL/22
November 13, 2017 Page 2 of 5
DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF PRECAST DRIVEN PILE [JOB PILE] ( 450mm X 450mm SQ)
PROJECT TITLE: 2X660MW MAITREE SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT.
LOCATION:RAMPAL, BAGERHAT, BANGLADESH.

HENCE SAFE FOR TWO-POINT LIFTING (AT 0.2 L).

3.0 Check for Axial Stress

According to ACI-318-14-10.3.6 & ACI-318-14-22.4.2,


Axial Capacity of Pile with Lateral Ties:
φPn = 0.80 φ [0.85 fC’(Ag-Ast) + fyAst]
φPn = 0.80 X 0.65 X [0.85 X40 X (122500-1256.637) +500 X 1256.64)]
= 2470.31 kN = 247.031 TON
4.0 Check For Uplift Capacity
According to ACI 543-R-4.3.3.1, the uplift capacity of the section can be determined from the
following equation,
Pup =0.5 x fy x Ast
Pup =0.5 x 500 x 1256.64 =314.16 kN. =31.42 Ton
5.0 Check for Lateral Capacity

Here Vu=70 kN≈ 15.75 Kip (Design Maximum Lateral Load at Fixed Head Condition)

f’c=40 MPa=5800 psi


fy=500 MPa=72000 psi
According to ACI-318-14, lateral capacity of the section,

φVc= φ2√ f’c bw d


= (0.75×2√5800×17.71×15.12)/1000 [ φ = 0.75 {ACI-318-14-21.2.1}]

=30.59 Kips>Vu

Smax =3 inches (ACI 318-02, Section 7.10.4.3)


Smin =1 inches (ACI 318-02, Section 7.10.4.3)
HENCE, PROVIDE 10 mm DIA BAR @ 75 mm C/C.

November 13, 2017 Page 3 of 5


DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF PRECAST DRIVEN PILE [JOB PILE] ( 450mm X 450mm SQ)
PROJECT TITLE: 2X660MW MAITREE SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT.
LOCATION:RAMPAL, BAGERHAT, BANGLADESH.

6.0 EVALUATION OF POINT OF FIXITY OF PILE

CONSIDERING CLAYEY STRATA:


1.4 [Ep lw / Es] 0.25 70 kN 2.30 m
= 1.4 x [4340.59 x 0.399/2.08]0.25 = 7.52 ft = 2.3m
Where,
Es = soil modulus for clays=2.08 [Ref: Table: C10.4.6.3-1, AASHTO- 2010]
Hence critical value of point of fixity at 2.30 m from top of pile has been
23.70 m
considered.
Maximum Bending Moment due to Lateral Load,
Mf = 34.92 kN-m.

RECOMMENDATIONS

 From the above moment analysis, it is visible that, during 1-point pitching (at 0.3L distance) the
developed moment along pile, is higher than the moment developed during 2-point lifting and shifting
(at 0.2 L distance).
 Hence although during lifting, the developed moment is less than the moment developed during
pitching, it is recommended to consider the developed moment during pitching as the ultimate
developed moment for safe lifting transferring, pitching and driving of the pile.

0.3L

0.2L 0.2L

Lifting & shifting technique Pitching technique

November 13, 2017 Page 4 of 5


DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF PRECAST DRIVEN PILE [JOB PILE] ( 450mm X 450mm SQ)
PROJECT TITLE: 2X660MW MAITREE SUPER THERMAL POWER PROJECT.
LOCATION:RAMPAL, BAGERHAT, BANGLADESH.

November 13, 2017 Page 5 of 5