You are on page 1of 21

1-LIEN: Charge on the property made as

collateral for payment of a debt.

2-FACT: It is represented by all material


actions of people and by events
independent of them, generally the

phenomena of nature.

3-HEGEMONY: Supremacy that one


state or people exerci

4-MURDEROUS HOMICIDE: The


criminal in nature when the murderer
proceeds with the will to take life at least
concretely or indefinitely. In what is
punishable is the typical homicide.
5-CHALLENGE: Objection of an
administrative or judicial nature to
decisions or activities of an electoral
nature, to the electoral process or to its
results.

6-INSTANCE: Application,
document that is presented in order
to make a request.

7-INJUNCTION; A court order that


prohibits or limits a person from doing an
act which is harmful and unfair to the
plaintiff.

8-INTESTATE: Who dies without test


or with a will that lacks validity or
effectiveness. Person who dies without
having made a legal testament
9-JUDGMENT: It is a legal and current
cause, between parties and submitted to the
knowledge of a court of justice. This
presupposes the existence of a controversy,
which constitutes the content of the process,
which will be resolved by the court through a
procedure.

10-JURISDICTIONAL: Place where you


have authority to govern or enforce laws

11-CRIMINAL: Also called criminal, is the


one that instructs, processes and fails in the
criminal process, the one raised for the
investigation of the crimes, the imposition of
the penalties or absolution that
corresponds.

12-JUSTICE: Justice is represented by a woman


bandaged in the eyes, with a balance in one
hand and a sword in the other Justice,
understood as a human virtue, can be defined as
the art of doing what is right, and of "giving to
each his own "(Latin: Ars Iuris), basically this tells
us that justice is the virtue of fulfilling and
respecting the right, it is to demand their rights,
it is to grant the rights to an individual.
13-LEGADO: He orders that in his
testament codicil makes a testator to one
or several natural or legal persons. The
person sent to represent him in his affairs
can be a legatee

14-LIFT: Build, build, abandon or leave a


place, reveal or raise weapons.

15-BIDDING: Sale or purchase of a thing at


public auction. In public law, an act by which
the State grants contracts for the execution
of works of public interest; the final award
of said contract is preceded by a tender or
auction in which several people, natural or
moral, present their quotations or the prices
they would charge for the execution of the
contract

16-MANDATE: It is a mandatory contract


by which a person entrusts the management
of one or more businesses to another, which
is responsible for them at the risk of the
first.
17-APPOINTMENT: Expression of a
person's name. Appointment to hold a
position or position

18-NORM: In law, a legal norm is a rule


and order of behavior dictated by
competent authority, whose failure brings
with it a sanction;

19-ORDER: Commission or power given to a


person, benefit of the guarantor so that first
proceed against the debtor.

20-PAY: Credit document that,


recognizing the existence of a debt in
money by liquid amount. It contains the
promise of payment by the subscriber
himself at the time of his presentation or in
a more or less near or less distant time
interval.
21-PARITY: Comparison between things
and cases, equality or similarity between
people, objects made or situations.

22-PARLIAMENT: With this name, the


body that represents the legislative
power of a State is designated, whether
it is integrated in one Chamber (Deputies
or representatives) or if it is composed of
two (the Precinct and the Senators).

23-PARTITION: The generic concept


known is the one of division or
distribution in two or more parts or
between two or more participants.

24-SALARY: Academically the stipend or


reward that masters give to the servants
because of their service or work.
25-SOCIETY: Within a civil concept is
the contract by which two or more
people are mutually obligated with a
benefit of giving or doing in order to
obtain some appreciable profit in
money, which will be divided among
them in the proportion of their
respective contributions or what they
had agreed

26-ADJOURNMENT – To put off a court


hearing until another time or place.

27-ADMINISTER – (1) to manage; (2)


taking a drug by injection, inhalation,
ingestion, or any other means, to the
body for that person's immediate needs.

28-ADMISSION – Saying that certain


facts are true. But not saying you are
guilty. (Compare with CONFESSION).
29-ADMONITION – Advice or caution
by the court to the jury respecting
their duty or conduct as jurors, and the
purpose for which evidence may be
considered.

30-.ADVERSE WITNESS – A person


called to testify for

31-AFFIRMED – In appellate
courts, it means that the decision
of the trial court is correct.

32-AGENT – Someone who has


authority to act for another
33-AGGRAVATED MAYHEM –
Causing permanent disability or
disfigurement with specific intent to
cause the injury and with extreme
indifference to well–being of other
person.

34-AGGRAVATED TRESSPASS – carry


out prior threat of serious bodily
injury.Unlawfully entering property
of another with specific intent to

35-AGREEMENT – When the people


involved in a legal dispute agree
about something.

36-ANONYMOUS – When
someone's name is kept secret.
37-ATTORNEY–IN–FACT – A private person (who
is not necessarily a lawyer) authorized by
someone to act in his or her place, either for
some particular purpose, or for the transaction
of business in general. This authority is given in
writing, called a power of attorney.

38-AUTHENTICATE – When records


or accounts are looked at to check
that they are right and complete.

39-BAIL – A security deposit (usually


money) given to release a defendant or
witness from custody and to make sure
that they go to court when they're
supposed to.

40-BAILMENTS – A delivery of
goods from one person to
another in trust for purpose of
carrying out agreed upon
services.
41-BANKRUPT – The state or
condition of a person who is
unable to pay his or her debts
when they are due

42-BANKRUPTCY – The legal way for a


business or person to get help when
they can't pay the money they owe. In
bankruptcy court, they can get rid of
debts by paying part of what they owe.
There are special bankruptcy judges at
these hearings.

43-BAR – All of the lawyers qualified to


practice law. For example, a state bar
includes all of the lawyers qualified to
practice law in that state.

44-BASE TERM – A term of


imprisonment selected by the court
according to the Determinate
Sentencing Law
45-BEQUESTS – What you
leave someone in a will.

46-BRANDISHING A WEAPON –
Showing a weapon to another
person, typically the police or the
victim.

47-BREACH – The breaking or violating


of a law, right, obligation, or duty
either by doing an act or failing to do
an act.

48-BURGLARY – When someone


unlawfully breaks into or enters a
building or home, and they intend to or
do commit a theft or other serious crime
49-CARJACKING – Taking a motor
vehicle that belongs to someone
else against his will, by means of
force or fear.

50-CASE – A lawsuit. Or a complaint


filed in criminal, traffic, or civil
court.

51-CHAIN OF CUSTODY – A method


to track the whereabouts of
evidence from the moment it is
received in custody until it is
offered in court.

52-CHALLENGE – Someone's right


to object to or fight something in
a legal case
53-CHANGE OF VENUE –
When a civil or criminal case
is moved from one court
jurisdiction to another. (See
VENUE).

54-CHATTEL – A piece of
personal property.

55-CHILD ABDUCTION – The


offense of taking away a child
by deceit and persuasion, or
by violence.

56-CHILD SUPPORT – Money


paid by a parent to help
support a child or children
57-CITATION – A COURT ORDER
or SUMMONS that tells a
defendant what the charges are.
Also tells the defendant to go to
court and/or post bail.

58-CIVIL CASE – A lawsuit to get


property back, to force
someone to complete a
contract, or to protect
someone's civil rights

59-CLAIM – The statement of a


right to money or property

60-CLERK – Officer of the court


who files pleadings, motions,
judgments, etc., issues process,
and keeps records of court
proceedings.
61-CODE – The law created by
statutes. For example, the
California Code of Civil Procedure,
California Civil Code, California
Vehicle Code, California Penal
Code, and California Health and
Safety Code.

62-COERCION – Compulsion;
constraint; compelling by force
or arms or threat.

63-COLLATERAL – 1. Property that


is pledged as security against a
debt. 2. A person belonging to the
same ancestry (a relation), but not
in a direct line of descent

64-COMMUTATION – The
reduction of a sentence, such as
from death to life imprisonment.
65-CONFISCATE – To seize or
take private property for
public use (the police took the
weapon).

66-CONSERVATOR – Someone
picked by the court to either
take care of someone who can't
take care of themselves (called
a "CONSERVATEE") or take care
of that person's property , or
both.

67-CONSIDERATION – The
cause, price, or impelling
influence which makes a party
enter into a contract.

68-CONSTITUTION – The central


law of our country that sets up the
creation, character, and
organization of its power and how
that power is exercised. The rule,
principles, descriptions of the
government’s power, and the main
rights that the people of a country
or state have.
69-CONTINUANCE – Putting off a
court case to a later date. (See
ADJOURNMENT)

70-COUNSEL TABLE – The physical


location where the defense and
prosecuting parties are seated during
the trial.

71-DEATH PENALTY – Death imposed


by the state as punishment for a
serious crime. (See CAPITAL
PUNISHMENT.)

72-DEFENSE – In a civil case, the facts or


arguments presented by the defendant to
show why the plaintiff doesn't have a right
to the relief asked for. In a criminal case,
the reasons why a defendant should not be
convicted of the charge(s).
73-DEPORTATION – The act of removing a
person to another country. Order issued by
an immigration judge, expelling an illegal
resident from the United States. A
deportation has certain consequences
regarding the number of years within which a
deportee may not legally immigrate. There
are also criminal consequences for reentry
within a prescribed time period

74-DEPUTY – One appointed to


substitute for another with power
to act for him in his name or on his
behalf. For example, a Deputy
County Clerk is appointed on behalf
of the County Clerk.

75-DISCRIMINATION – An act
which confers particular
privileges on a class arbitrarily
selected.

76-DISSOLUTION – A marriage that is


ended by a judge's decision, also
known as a "divorce." (Compare
NULLITY.)
77-DISSOLUTION OF A
MARRIAGE – The act of
terminating a marriage;
divorce; but the term does not
include annulment.

78-EMANCIPATION – A legal
way for children to become
adults before they are 18. Once
a child is emancipated, his or
her parents don't have custody
or control of him or her
anymore.

79-ENTER A GUILTY PLEA – The


formal statement before the court
that the accused admits
committing the criminal act.

80-EQUITY – A system of law


that supplements the
statutory and case law and is
based on principles of what is
"fair and right."