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Non- Motorized Transport - A Sustainable Way to Streamline Traffic Congestion

in Commercial Areas.
Shradha Chandan Namrata Verma Dr. Nand Kumar*
M.Plan (Student), M.Plan (Student), (Assistant Professor)
Malviya National Institute of Malviya National Institute of Malviya National Institute of
Technology, Jaipur Technology, Jaipur Technology, Jaipur
+91-9685351531 +91-7007189391 +91-9549659072

*Corresponding Author
Abstract Urban transit system meets the objectives of secure and direct
plays a key role in sustainability as it utilizes transport system. Hence,
Growth in urban shaping development and indigenously available it is desirable that there
population and dynamic living conditions. resources which is non- should be a local level
lifestyle of the masses has The yardstick of urban polluting, safe, proposal plan that should
boomed the governance depends on affordable, user-friendly be the basis both for
transportation network the quality of life the city and needs only a small planning infrastructure
which leads to traffic offers. Due to insufficient fraction of the capital specifically for cycles,
congestions in most of and potent public required for motorized non-motor vehicles and
the cities of the world. At transport system, a large transport. It is the for integrating cycling
the current pace of number of private and preferred mode of into traffic infrastructure
growth, there will be various other modes have transport for the poor in and transit management
around 400 million made their way into the many cities, and in some planning.
vehicles in India by 2030 market to appropriate the way provides them a
from 140 million in 2011 ever- increasing travel substantial amount of
-- almost three times in demands. Such a income, thereby having a
about two decades which proliferation of transit very significant poverty
makes it an issue to be systems results in acute impact. It is very critical 1. The Gravity And
focused on. [1] Non- congestion, unwarranted for the economic Magnitude Of
motorized modes of delays, severe accidents, functioning of the city.
high-energy exhaustion NMT can be incorporated
transport can play a
remarkable role in particularly of non- into a policy package that Transportation
catering to transport renewable resources, and should comprise of
intense pollution. (2) (3) investments in NMT Most of the traffic issues
demand and in return
Non-motorized facilities and proper emanate from lack of
ensure a sustainable
Transport (also referred maintenance, public traffic management, high-
transport system for
as human-enabled transit) awareness campaigns, density pedestrian flow
India. This paper focuses
includes walk by foot, smart planning, improved during peak hour, lack of
on the use of NMT to
cycling and alternatives ways of public transport basic amenities as a
counter traffic congestion
as cycle and auto- and fines for the use of pedestrian footpath, cycle
in one of the commercial
rickshaws, scooters and motorized private tracks, zebra crossing,
hubs of the Jaipur city-
E-carts and physical vehicles in the area. pedestrian signal, the
Malviya Nagar.
disabilities travel modes. This paper contains the pedestrian separate path
These ways of transport issues and minimum the pedestrian movement
not only provide a points to establish that became unsafe and which
1. Introduction
sustainable and healthy NMT can be a favorable leads to pedestrian and
. The urban recommendation to the vehicular conjunction.
transportation situation in users in the commercial Ways to incorporate non-
large cities in India is way of living with area where there is motorized transportation
degrading at an alarming recreation [4] [5] but also significant congestion. are [5][6]by improving
rate. The degradation is is a mode of transit for This minimal pursuit sidewalks, paths, creating
rapid in cities where there small distances i.e. 7kms would need to public bicycle lanes,
is a humongous which comprises the incorporate the provision parking and integration
intensification of maximum share of trips of optimally segregated networks in transit with
automobiles. The in cities [6].The essential safe traffic infrastructure; proper bicycle systems
transportation system is idea to reverse the routes without significant (cycle rental facilities
the most important of tendency of more private intersection and automated to provide
necessity among other conveyance use is to confrontations with efficient flow for short,
factors that affect the make walking and motorized transit system; efficient urban trips).
lifestyle and sense of cycling inviting, together secure NMT parking to Further also developing
security in a city. with enhancing public impede theft; and cost pedestrian-oriented land
Environment and security transport facilities. effective means of use and building design
has a direct analogue with Non-motorized conveyance acquisition as and increase road and
the transit system. The transportation (NMT) there is the need for a path connectivity, with
special non-motorized
shortcuts and also authorities, provisions of economic lifestyle of the
keeping in mind the separate infrastructure residents, the availability
security concerns of the where there is of easy financing for
users with proper law requirement of it (for safe automobiles, lack of
enforcement and traffic movement and for adequate public transport
encouragement programs. secure parking system, the growing need
The majority of non- arrangement of vehicles). to use own transport for
motorized modes of [9]These streamlined daily activities and lack
transport systems are features in broader of sense of security have
healthy, reliable and lay context help us provide resulted in the steep
the groundwork for local many benefits besides growth of vehicle
community facilities. A just traffic mobility and ownership in the city. The
dynamic deviation from combat congestion. A average annual growth
non-public vehicle use to Simple transportation rate of automobiles in
non-motorized transport, route can improve an Jaipur is around 13%
including improving individual’s lives in many [10].
convenience for the different ways among Malviya Nagar, Jaipur
mobility impaired, has a others, a child can get since the 90s has
significant role to play in access to education, to Figure 1 India, witnessed a remarkable
using the existing economic activities, and Rajasthan and Jaipur map growth in the commercial
transport network more health care services. . sector. Gaurav Tower, a
efficiently and in turn Proper pedestrian and first mega shopping mall
delivering significant cycle track cleaning, In this paper, the of the city was
economic and promising campaigns and focus is on Gaurav Tower established in this area
environmental benefits to information to include (GT) & WTP area which and till now it is the
society, with appreciable people using it and faces extreme traffic major source of attraction
health and lifestyle ensuring a sense of congestion as it is one of for the people of Jaipur.
benefits for the security for the users to the main commercial Various commercial
individuals. A significant facilitate it. hubs of Jaipur. The centers like Fort
increase in non-motorized problem is more severe Anandam, Crystal Court
2. Study Area during weekends and the
travel trends tends to and World Trade Park
improve community peak hours (during the were also established
Jaipur is considered by morning and evening
interactions (the quality many urban experts to be with the course of time
of neighborly cohesion), time) of the weekdays. and have become the
one of the best-planned Various strategies opted
sense of security and cities in India. The city main reason for traffic
aesthetics. [7] [8] by the traffic congestion. [4] [8]
was established in 1729 management authorities
The major constituents by Maharaja Jai Singh. In
of a traffic strategy for have not yet able solve Figure 2 Shows the roads
the 19th century, the city this congestion problem
NMT in commercial where major traffic
started growing rapidly due to other predominant congestion occurs.
areas should include lucid and became more
provision for the rights, issues in the area such as
prosperous; by 1900 on–road parking,
as well as responsibilities Jaipur had a population of
of the individuals, of informal sector etc. Jaipur
160,000.The royal City, being the capital of
pedestrians and cyclists heritage of Jaipur lies in
in traffic law, formulation the state Rajasthan of the
its architecture and India, is the only
of a national public culture. Naturally with
strategies for NMT as a metropolitan city and also
growing urban culture in the major tourist
framework for local the city, it led to advent
transit plans, explicit destination of the state
commercial pockets in since last decade, due to
implementation of local the areas.
transport plans for NMT growth in urban
as part of the integral population, automobiles
planning procedures of are increasing at a
city municipal reckless rate in the city.
The increased socio-
4.3 Misuse of
The pedestrian pathways
(NMT facilities) available
on the site are used as
local dumping lots,
parking spaces and
Figure 4 Section of the obstruction by poorly
road in GT area planted trees or electric
poles. Even further the
The main reason for street hawkers place their
traffic congestion in the shops and further degrade
GT Market area is the quality of the
maximum traffic volume, footpaths.
illegal encroachments on
road, on-road parking,
the area either don’t illegal auto drop and pick
provide spaces for up points and street
parking or they provide hawkers that affects the
insufficient spaces which Existing NMT facilities.
force the users to park 4.2 Informal Sector: Figure 6 Poor
their vehicles on the The roadside vendors
management of footpaths
roads and footpaths. As though they have a
per the data provided by temporary built-up they 5. Inferences and
traffic police stationed, occupy the roadside
parking spaces, suggestions
more than 50,000 people
visit the GT Market area pedestrian walkways,
or nearby area. The carriageways. Also, it From the analysis of the
parking capacities of was identified in the issues, to combat the
most of the commercial study area that people congestion and improve
buildings like Crystal who visit these vendors air quality, it is being
Court, Gaurav Tower & park their vehicle on the suggested that having
WTP are deficit, the roads which lead to fully pedestrian roads
effect of which can be bottlenecking of the road with basic NMT facilities
seen in the area. People section in that particular such as cycle tracks and
park their cars in the area. The informal sector provision of E-cart and
allotted footpaths and has been a major golf cart to provide
Figure 3 Shows the traffic
pedestrian facilities problem. assistance to the users in
movement in GT Market front Crystal Court and
area. obstructing proper flow
of the users. restricting motor vehicles
The increase in registered during peak hours i.e. 6
4. Analysis PM to 10 PM in front of
automobiles and non-
availability of proper the GT area.
The survey and study that
parking space on limited Inclusion of provision for
was carried out in WTP
road space has led to cyclists and pedestrians
and GT market area, a
overcrowding on roads Figure 5 Informal sectors in new road NMT
brief analysis has been
which leads to parking on inclusive transit
done on the factors that
footpaths. infrastructure design
were noticed causing
which should focus on
obstructions in the traffic
management of traffic
flow and traffic
that improves and
facilitates the movement
4.1 Parking issues of users rather than of
As most of the
motorized vehicles in the
commercial buildings in
congestion zone, train the air quality. Despite the gridlock. s.l. :
traffic personnel to growing commercial, 2013.
enforce NMT in traffic affluence and increased [8] Effects of Commercial
priorities, as well as in usage of motor vehicles Activities on Transportation
prevention of accidents in the area, the Route in Urban Centres in
and maneuvers. [11] dependence on non- Nigeria: A Case Study of
motorized transportation Oba Adesida Road, Akure.
modes is required to OWOLABI, Babatunde
combat the traffic volume Oluwaseyi (Ph.D.). 5, s.l. :
and for better and International Journal of
Research in Environmental
sustainable environment.
Science (IJRES), 2016, Vol.
It should also incorporate 2. ISSN 2454-9444
Figure 7 Ideal NMT provisions for NMT in (Online).
incorporated road section. Malviya Nagar road fund
[12] policy statutes and also [9] The role of
for the development of Nonmotorised transport.
small-scale funds for s.l. : world bank group.
finance for bicycles for [10] CMP. 2010.
people who can’t afford
the services. [11] Architecture time space
and people. (July 2017).
7. References [12] Anvita Arora, Ph.D.
[1] Economic times. NMT Inclusive Planning
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Figure 8 Proposed plan at [3] Singh, S.K., 2012. Urban
the areas to facilitate transport in India: issues,
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6. Conclusion This Paper.

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