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Isomerism

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01. Which of the following pairs are called position
isomers

02. are called as

(1) Position isomers
(2) Chain isomers
(3) Functional isomers
(4) Ring chain isomers

03. Diethyl thioether and isopropyl methyl thioether are (1) Metamers (2) Position isomers (3) Chain isomers (4) Chain and position both .

04. Which of the following are isomers (1) Ethanol and ethoxy ethane (2) Methanol and methoxy methane (3) Propanoic acid and ethyl acetate (4) Propionaldehyde and acetone .

05. Functional isomer of CH3COOCH3 is (1) CH3CH2COOH (2) HOCH2 – CH2CHO (3) Both of the above (4) None of the above .

(1) Tautomers (2) Functional (3) Position (4) All the above .06.

07. o-Cresol & benzyl alcohol are (1) Functional (2) Position (3) Chain (4) All the above .

Propene and cyclopropane are (1) Chain isomers (2) Position isomers (3) Geometrical isomers (4) None of the above .08.

The term isomerism was given by (1) Wholer (2) Hofmann (3) Bayer (4) Berzilius .09.

CH3CHOHCH2CHO and CH3CH2CH2COOH constitute a pair of (1) Position isomers (2) Metamers (3) Optical isomers (4) Functional isomers .10.

The minimum number of carbon atoms present in an orgainc compound to show chain isomerism are (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 5 (4) 4 .11.

12. The minimum number of carbon atoms present in an organic compound to be able to show position isomerism are (1) 3 (2) 4 (3) 2 (4) 5 .

13. The simplest pair of compounds exhibiting functional group isomerism have a minimum of (1) Four carbons (2) Three carbons (3) Five carbons (4) Two carbons .

14. (1) Position isomerism (2) Chain isomerism (3) Both the above (4) None of these .

c and e .15. Choose the group showing position isomerism (1) b and e (2) b and c (3) a and d (4) a. b.

are consititute a pair of (1) Position isomers (2) Metamers (3) Optical isomers (4) Functional group isomers .16.

The minimum number of carbon atoms in ketone to show position isomerism (1) 3 (2) 4 (3) 5 (4) 6 .17.

How many isomers of C5H11OH will be primary alcohols (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 6 .18.

The minimum number of carbon atoms in ketone to show metamerism (1) 3 (2) 4 (3) 5 (4) 6 .19.

Which of the following compounds can exhibit tautomerism .20.

the enol form is preferred in contrast to the ketoform. this is due to (1)Presence of carbonyl group on each side of –CH2– (2) Resonance stabilization of enol form (3) Presence of methylene group (4) Rapid chemical exchange .21. In keto-enol tautomerism of dicarbonyl compounds.

STEREO ISOMERISM www.etoosindia.com .

Geometrical isomerism is due to (1) The resticted rotation about a double bond (2) The presence of keto group (3) The presence of CH(OH) group (4) The presence of an asymmetric carbon .22.

Which is a pair of geometrical isomers (1) I and II (2) I and III (3) II and IV (4) III and IV .23.

24. The number of geometical isomers of (1) 2 (2) 4 (3) 6 (4) 8 .

25. Compounds containing which of the following functional groups can exhibit geometrical isomerism (1) > C = C < (2) > C = N – (3) – N = N – (4) All the three above .

26. Geometrical isomerism is shown by .

(1) Tautomerism (2) Optical isomerism (3) Geometrical isomerism (4) Geometrical and optical isomerism .27.

28. The isomerism shown by Benzaldoxime (1) Optical (2) Functional (3) Metamerism (4) Geometrical .

29. molecule exihibit (1) Chain isomerism (2) Position isomerism (3) Geometrical isomerism (4) Tautomerism .

30. inactive due to the presence of (1) Molecular symmetry (2) Molecular asymmetry (3) External compensation (4) Two asymmetric carbon atoms .

31. Which is optically active molecule .

The correct statement about the compound (A). (B) and (C) is (1) (A) and (B) are identical (2) (A) and (B) are diasteromers (3) (A) and (C) are enantiomers (4) (A) and (B) are enantiomers .32.

then produced by the compound [B] is (1) + 65° (2) – 65° (3) Zero (4) Unpredicatable . If optical rotation produced by the compound [A] is + 65°.33.

34. Among the following structure I to III Correct statement is (1) All three are chiral compounds (2) Only I and II are chiral compounds (3) Only II is chiral compound (4) Only I and III are chiral compounds .

3S (3) 2R.35. The absolute configuration of the compound is (1) 2S. 3R . 3R (2) 2S. 3S (4) 2R.

Amongst the following. which one could be the structure of an optically inactive monosaccharide having the molecular weight 150 - .36.

(1) Enantiomers (2) Position isomers (3) Geometrical isomers (4) Homomers .37.

38. How many asymmetric carbon atoms are present in (i) 1. one. none. none.2-dimethyl cyclohexane (ii) 3-methyl cyclopentene (iii) 3-methyl cyclohexene (1) Two. one (2) One. one . two (4) Two. one one (3) Two.

Stereo isomers but not mirror image are called (1) Enantiomers (2) Mesomers (3) Tautomers (4) Diasteromers .39.

-CHO. -COOH.40. -OCH3 attached to a chiral carbon is in order (1) -OH > -COOH > -CHO > -OCH3 (2) -OCH3 > -OH > -CHO > -COOH (3) -OCH3 > -OH > -COOH > -CHO (4) -OCH3 > -COOH > -CHO > -OH . The priority of groups -OH.

The number of optically active isomers possible in (1) 2 (2) 4 (3) 6 (4) 8 .41.

42. Which of the following contain chiral carbon atom .

If optical rotation produced by (1) –36° (2) 0° (3) + 36° (4) Unpredicatable .43.

44. The number of optical isomer is (1) 2n (2) 2(n–1) (3) 2(n/2–1) (4) 2n–1 + 2(n/2–1) . A compound can be divided into two equal halves & contains even ‘n’ asymmetric carbon atoms.

45. Number of optically active isomers of tartaric acid is (1) 2 (2) 3 (3) 4 (4) 5 .

Meso form of tartaric acid is (1) Dextrorotatory (2) Laevorotatory (3) Neither Laevo nor dextro rotatory due to internal compensation (4) A mixture of equal quantities of dextro and leavo rotatory forms .46.

Following two isomers are (1) Enantiomers (2) Mesomers (3) Diastereomers (4) Homomers .47.

48. The process of separation of racemic modifications into d and  enantiomer is called (1) Resolution (2) Dehydration (3) Revolution (4) Dehydrohalogenation .

Isomers which can be interconverted through rotation around a single bond are (1) Conformers (2) Diastereomers (3) Enantiomers (4) Positional isomers .49.

50. Bond angle require to get maximum stable conformer from minimum stable conformer in n-butane is (1) 360° (2) 180° (3) 120° (4) 240° .

3-pentadiene (3) Tartaric acid (4) 2. Which of the following does not contain any asymmetric carbon but can show enantiomerism - (1) Lactic acid (2) 1.3-pentadiene .51.

Tautomerism is exhibited by - .52.

Which of the following will lead to maximum enolisation - .53.

Which of the following has the most acidic proton - .54.

55. 3-butanediol - .Which one of the following is the most stable conformation of 2.

Which is a pair of geometrical isomers - .56.

Compound I and II are (1) Diastereomers (2) Identical (3) Mesomers (4) Enantiomers .57.

58. The number of stereo isomers possible for the compound with the structure is - (1) 2 (2) 4 (3) 6 (4) 8 .

59. The compound (1) cis -1.1.2-dichlorocyclohexane .2-dichlorocyclohexane (3) trans.2-dichlorohexane (2) cis-1.2-dichlorohexane (4) trans -1.

Which is optically inactive compound - .60.

b.d.c.d (2) a.d (4) only e .(1) b.b.c.e (3) a.

61.Which compound would exhibit optical isomers - .

Ibuprofen has the following structure - This compound shows which isomerism - (1) Geometrical (2) Optical (3) Tautomerism (4) None of these .62.

63.Which of the following compounds possesses a chiral centre - .

Which of the following compounds is a meso compound - .64.

2o .4o .8o (4) +40.65.2o (2) -26.8o (3) +26. The specific rotation of the compound is - (1) +30. The observed rotation of 2.0 g of a compound in 10 ml solution in 25 cm long polarimeter tube is +13.

66. Which of the following structures represents a threo-
stereoisomer -

67. Which of the following pairs of compounds are ring-
chain isomers -

68. Which of the following pairs of structures do not
represent isomers -

3-pentadiene (4) 1. Among the following compounds. 3-butadiene (2) 1. 2-butadiene (3) 1. the one which can exhibit geometrical isomerism is - (1) 1. 4-pentadiene .69.

70.The total number of secondary alcohols (including
stereoisomers) possible having the molecular formula
C5H12O is -
(1) 3 (2) 4
(3) 5 (4) 6

71. Which of the following compounds possesses an
asymmetric carbon -

72. Which of the following molecules has no
conformational isomer -
(1) CH3OH (2) CH3CHO
(3) CH2=CH-Cl (4) CH3NH2

73.Which has ‘E-configuration is - .

74.Which of the following has Z-configuration - .

75. The pair of structures given below represents - (1) Enantiomers (2) Diastereomers (3) Homomers (4) Position isomers .

76. Which of the following compound is optically inactive - .

77.Which of the following pairs are diastereomers - .

.

78. Which of the following is optically active - .

79.What are the type of isomers in following pairs - (1) Conformers (2) Position (3) Optical (4) Geometrical .

0. 1 . 2 (4) 2. 1 (3) 2. 1.80. 1 (2) 1. Q and R respectively would be - (1) 2. Number of chiral carbon atoms in the compound P . 1. 0.

Which of the following will have a cis isomer ? .81.

82. In which of the following pair of compound shows correct configuration : .

.

83. Among the given structures which can exhibit tautomerism ? (1) only I (2) only II (3) only III (4) none of these .

84.Which of following compound can show geometrical isomerism ? .

. printed as Assertion and Reason. B. If both assertion & Reason are True & the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.ASSERTION & REASON QUESTIONS These questions consist of two statements each. While answering these Questions you are required to choose any one of the following four responses. A. D. C. If both assertion & Reason are True but Reason is not a correct explanation of the Assertion. If Assertion is True but the Reason is False. If both Assertion & Reason are False.

Reason :.01. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .The melting point of fumaric acid is higher than of maleic acid.The molecules of fumaric acid are more symmetric than those of maleic acid and hence it gets closely arranged in the crystal lattice. Assertion :.

trans –1– chloro propene has higher dipole moment than cis –1– chloro propene. Reason :.The resultant of two vectors in trans –1– chloropropene is more than in cis –1– chloro propene. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .02. Assertion :.

It contains a – hydrogen atoms. Reason :. Assertion :.03.Enol form of cyclohexane –1.3.5 – trione is more stable than its ketoform. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .

two of which are optically active while the other two are meso-forms. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D . Assertion :.It contains two asymmetric and one pseudo- asymmetric carbon atom. Reason :.04. Trihydroxyglutaric acid (HCOO – CHOH– CHOH– CHOH– COOH) exists in four steroisomeric forms.

An organic compounds is optically active only when its mirror image is non-superimposable irrespective of the fact whether it contains a chiral carbon atom or not. Reason :.05. Assertion :. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .Organic compounds which do not contain chiral carbon atoms can not be optically active.

All the carbon atoms in it are sp2-hybrized. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D . Assertion :.06. Reason :.All the hydrogen atoms in CH2=C=CH2 lie in one plane.

Benzaldehyde forms two oximes on reacting with NH2OH. Reason :. Assertion :.07.The two oximes arise due to geometrical isomerism around C=N bound. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .

1.08.Cis. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .The boiling point of cis 1.2-dichloro ethene has higher moment as compared to that of the trans-isomer. Reason :. Assertion :.2-dichloro ethene is higher than that of corresponding transisomer.

Meso tartaric acid is optically inactive.09. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .Its optically inactivity is due to external compensation. Reason :. Assertion :.

(1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D . Assertion :. Reason :.1.2-propadiene exhibits optical isomerism.10.Its mirror image is non-superimposable.

(1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D . Assertion :. Reason :.11.Ethanol cannot show position isomerism.Ethanol cannot show isomerism.

CH3 – CH2 – Br and CH3 – CH2 – I are Functional isomers. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .They have different Functional groups. Reason :.12. Assertion :.

Both have same molecular formula as well as structure formula. Reason :.13. Assertion :.Neopentyl bromide and 2-bromo-2- methyl butane are enantiomers. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .

Presence of chiral carbon is an essential condition for optical activity. Assertion :.14. Reason :.Organic compounds which do not contain chiral carbon atoms can be optically active. (1) A (2) B (3) C (4) D .