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CLAP SWITCH

EM N. SHARMA TESTED Prof. Deepak Goyal
EM
N. SHARMA
TESTED
Prof. Deepak Goyal
+9V LED1 3MM Any color R7 R5 R6 R1 R3 270K D1 3.3K 10K R9
+9V
LED1
3MM
Any color
R7
R5
R6
R1
R3
270K
D1
3.3K
10K
R9
3.3K
2.2M
BULB
16
4007
1K
C2
RL1
230V
0.1µF
40w, 60w,or 100w
4
8
2
9V, 150
Relay
CLK
R2
C1
2 pin socket
IC1
3
14
2
4.7K
0.01µF
IC2
6
T2
555
4017
R10
7
BC548
4
10K
for connecting
any a.c. household
device
+
1
5
15
T1
Condensor
BC548
R4
13
MIC
8
270K
+
P
N
C3
10µF
230V AC
R8
25V
C4
50 Hz
470K
0.01µF

Here is a clap switch which is used to turn ON/OFF any appliance connected to it. The circuit changes its output state when you clap near the condensor mic. Working:

The Clap sound sensed by condenser microphone is amplified by transistor T1. The amplified signal provides a pulse to pin 2 of IC1, triggering IC1. IC1, commonly used as a timer, is wired here as a monostable multi

vibrator. Triggering of IC1 causes pin 3 to go high it remains high for a certain time period depending on the selected values of R7 & C3. This ‘ON’ time (T) of IC1 can be calculated using the following relationship T=1.1R7 C3 seconds. Where R7 is in Ohms & c3 in microfarads. On giving a clap, output pin 3of IC1 goes high & remains in this standby position for the preset time. This provides a pulse at clock pin 14 of decade counter IC

4017 (IC2). Decade counter IC2 is wired here as a bistable. Each pulse applied at clock pin 14 changes the output state at pin2 of IC2 because Q2 is connected to reset pin 15. The high output at pin 2 drives transistor T2 & also energises relay RL1. LED1 indicates activation of relay RL1 & ON/OFF status of the appliance. A free-wheeling diode (D1) prevents damage of T2 when relay de-energises.