Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 4

Vocabulary Word

A
1. APPLICATION- a program designed to perform a specific function directly for the user or, in
some cases, for another application program. Examples of applications include word
processors, database programs, Web browsers, development tools, drawing, paint,
image editing programs, and communication programs.
2. ARRAY- a kind of data structure that can store a fixed-size sequential collection of
elements of the same type.

B
3. BINARY-Binary is a base 2 number system invented by Gottfried Leibniz where numeric
values are represented by different combinations of 0 and 1, also known as OFF or ON.
4. BLOGGER-someone who blogs, or writes content for a blog. Blogging is the act of writing a
post for a blog.
5. BROADBAND-a type of high-speed internet connection that has surpassed dial-up as the
standard way to connect to the internet.Broadband packages come in all shapes and
sizes, from ADSL broadband to cable broadbandand 3G and 4G mobile broadband.

C
6. CAPSLOCK-a button on a computer keyboard that, when pressed, causes all letters to
be generated in capitals until deactivated. It is located in the position of a similar Shift
lock key (and sometimes a Ctrl key) found in some other keyboard layouts. It is
usually a toggle key: each press reverses its action.
7. CLIENT- is the requesting program or user in aclient/server relationship. For example, the
user of a Web browser is effectively making clientrequests for pages from servers all over
the Web.
8. CONFIGURATION-refers to the specific hardware and software details in terms of devices
attached, capacity or capability, and exactly what the system is made up of.

D
9. DASHBOARD-a collection of data (production data, financial data, etc.) displayed in a
graphical layout (a graph or chart). They are utilized by a business to gauge its
success and health, make adjustments to production levels, determine the financial
stability, or any number of other types of business analysis.
10. DOMAIN-Within the Internet, domains are defined by the IP address. All devices sharing
a common part of the IP address are said to be in the same domain.

E
11. EMAIL- the transmission of messages over communications networks. Typically the
messages are notes entered from the keyboard or electronic files stored on disk. Most
mainframes, minicomputers, and computer networks have anemail system.
12. EMOTICON-a short sequence of keyboard letters and symbols, usually emulating a facial
expression, that complements a text message. :-) Smile. ... User with mustache, smiling.

F
13. FOLDER-a virtual location where programs, files, and other folders can be located.
Computers with an Apple, Microsoft Windows, or other GUI operating system
have folders to help users store and organize their files and are accessed using a File
Manager.
14. FORMAT-computer program accepts data as input in a certain format, processes it, and
provides it as output in the same or another format.

G
15. GRAPHICS-visual images or designs on some surface, such as a wall, canvas, screen,
paper, or stone to inform, illustrate, or entertain. ... Images that are generated by a
computer are called computergraphics.
16. GIGABYTE-a measure of computer data storage capacity that is roughly equivalent to
1 billion bytes. A gigabyte is two to the 30th power or 1,073,741,824 in decimal
notation.
H
17. HACKER-Hacker is a term used by some to mean "a clever programmer" and by others,
especially those in popular media, to mean "someone who tries to break into computer
systems."
18. HOMEPAGE-the first Web page that is displayed after starting a Web browser like
Netscape's Navigator or Microsoft's Internet Explorer. the first Web page that is displayed
after starting a Web browser like Netscape's Navigator or Microsoft's Internet Explorer.

I
19. ICON- a small graphical representation of a program or file that, when clicked on, will be
run or opened.
20. INBOX-the name given to the folder where your newly-delivered email messages appear.
The Inbox is normally opened automatically when you login to read your email.

J
21. JAVA-a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun
Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work
unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day.
22. JOYSTICK-an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle
or direction to the device it is controlling. ...Joysticks are often used to control video
games, and usually have one or more push-buttons whose state can also be read by the
computer.

K
23. KERNEL-The kernel is the central module of an operating system (OS). It is the part of the
operating system that loads first, and it remains in main memory.
24. KEY-button on a keyboard. (2) In database management systems, a key is a field that
you use to sort data. It can also be called a key field , sort key, index, or key word.
For example, if you sort records by age, then the age field is a key.
L
25. LINK-segment of text or a graphical item that serves as a cross-reference between parts
of a webpage or other hypertext documents or between webpages or other hypertext
documents.
26. LOGOUT-to end access to a computer system or a website. Logging out informs the
computer or website that the current user wishes to end the login session. Log out is also
known aslog off, sign off or sign out.

M
27. MODEM-device or program that enables a computer to transmit data over, for example,
telephone or cable lines. Computer information is stored digitally, whereas information
transmitted over telephone lines is transmitted in the form of analog waves.
28. MULTIMEDIA-content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text,
audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.Multimedia contrasts with media
that use only rudimentary computer displays such as text-only or traditional forms of
printed or hand-produced material.

O
29. OPENSOURCE-software with sourcecode that anyone can inspect, modify, and enhance.

30. OFFLINE-the condition of being capable of but currently not connected to a network of
computers or other devices. The term is frequently used to describe someone who has
the ability to be connected to the Internet but who is not currently connected to it.

P
31. PAGE-a memory management scheme by which a computer stores and retrieves data
from secondary storage [a] for use in main memory. In this scheme, the operating system
retrieves data from secondary storage in same-size blocks called pages.
32. PHISHING-the attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and
credit card details (and, indirectly, money), often for malicious reasons, by disguising as a
trustworthy entity in an electronic communication.
33. PIRACY-the illegal copying, distribution, or use of software. It is such a profitable
"business" that it has caught the attention of organized crime groups in a number of
countries.
34. PLUG IN-software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer
program. When a program supports plug-ins, it enables customization.

Q
35. QUEUE-sequence of stored data or programs awaiting processing.
R
36. REBOOT-restart a computer and reload the operating system.
37. RESTORE-a process that involves copying backup files from secondary storage (backup
media) to disk.
S
38. SCROLLBAR-an interaction technique or widget in which continuous text, pictures, or any
other content can be scrolled in a predetermined direction (up, down, left, or right) on a
computer display, window, or viewport so that all of the content can be viewed.
39. SNAPSHOT-an informal photograph, especially one taken quickly by a handheld camera.
Hunting. a quick shot taken without deliberate aim. Informal. a brief appraisal, summary,
or profile.
40. SURF-a term typically used to describe an undirected type of web of browsing where
users whimsically follow one interesting link to another without a planned search strategy
or definite objective. Surfing the net has become a popular pastime, for
many Internet users.
41. SYNTAX- the way in which linguistic elements (as words) are put together to form
constituents (as phrases or clauses)b : the part of grammar dealing with this. 2 : a
connected or orderly system : harmonious arrangement of parts or elements
the syntax of classical architecture.

T
42. TEMPLATE-refers to a sample document that has already some details in place; those
can be adapted (that is added/completed, removed or changed, differently from a fill-
in-the-blank approach as in a form) either by hand or through an automated iterative
process, such as with a software assistant.
43. TERABYTE-a measure of computer storage capacity that is 2 to the 40th power, or
approximately a trillion bytes. A terabyteis more precisely defined as 1,024 gigabytes
(GB). The prefix tera is derived from the Greek word for monster.
44. TOOLBAR-a horizontal row or vertical column of selectable image "buttons" that give the
user a constantly visible reminder of and an easy way to select certain desktop or other
application functions, such as saving or printing a document.

U
45. UPLOAD- the transmission of a file from one computer system to another, usually larger
computer system. ... From an Internet user's point-of-view, downloading is receiving a file
from another computer. The File Transfer Protocol ( FTP ) is the Internet facility for
downloading anduploading files.
46. UNDO-a function performed to reverse the action of an earlier action. For example,
the undofunction can undo deleted text in a word processor. ... Tip: In some programs
you can alsoundo actions that are not related to text.

V
47. VIRTUAL MEMORY-a memory management capability of an OS that uses hardware and
software to allow a computer to compensate for physical memory shortages by
temporarily transferring data from random access memory(RAM) to disk storage.
48. VIRUS-a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates
by reproducing itself (copying its own source code) or infecting other computerprograms
by modifying them.

W
49. WEB MASTER-someone who creates and manages the content and organization of a
website, manages the computer server and technical programming aspects of a website
or does both.
50. WIDGET-an element of a graphical user interface (GUI) that displays information or
provides a specific way for a user to interact with the operating system or an application.