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# THEORY

The Hydrostatic Pressure (Model: FM 35) apparatus has been designed to study on the
hydrostatic of an object immersed in fluid. It will enable students to measure the static thrust
exerted by a fluid on a submerged surface while allowing them to compare the magnitude and
direction of the force with theory.
The calculation of the magnitude, direction and line of the hydrostatic forces exerted
by a fluid on a submerged plane surface is important in the design of structures such as drams,
meads, gates, tanks, submarines etc. The pressure which the force acting over a unit face area
and varies linearly with depth. This fact enables us to describe the pressure distribution over a
submerged surface. When the pressure is uniform over a surface, such static pressure on a
horizontal surface, the resultant force is equal to area times the pressure and acts through the
centroid of the area. However, in many cases, such as ids acting on a non-horizontal surface,
the situation is more complex. A general approach has been developed to estimate resultant
force and its line of action.
In this experiment, the reliability of this approach is examined by comparing analytical
values for forces and moments acting on a plane surface with experimental measurements of
these values on the same surface on a partially submerged and fully submerged plane •ace, but
for more clearly to get the result of the concept.

OBJECTIVES
 To investigate the hydrostatic pressure of water
 To determine the position center of pressure
 To calculate the hydrostatic force
 To check the balance of moments between the areas
APPARATUS
1. Weights
2. Ruler
3. Stop Watch

## Description and Assembly

PROCEDURES
1. The quadrant is placed on the two dowel pins and fastened to the balance arm using the
clamping screw.
2. L, a, depth d and width b of the quadrant end face are measured.
3. With the Perspex tank on the bench, the balance arm is positioned on the knife edges
(pivot). The balance pan is hanged on from the end of the balance arm. A length of hose
is connected from the drain cock to the sump and a length from the bench feed to the
triangular aperture on the top of the Perspex tank.
4. The tank is leveled using the adjustable feet and spirit level. The counter balance weight
is moved until the balance arm is horizontal.
5. The drain cock is closed and water is admitted until the level reached the bottom edge of