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Material properties 1 ksi = 0.

69 kN/cm2 Force
Fy = 50 ksi 34.5 kN/cm2 M= -99.91 kN.m Kx = 1.0 Lx = 400 cm lu = 250 cm
E= 29000 ksi 20010 kN/cm2 N= -100.00 kN Ky = 1.0 Ly = 250 cm
Section Dimension
bt = 20 cm 200 mm Top flange is in tension
tt = 0.6 cm 6 mm Bottom flange is in compression and slender
bbf = 20 cm 200 mm Web is slender
tbf = 0.6 cm 6 mm lu > Lc
hw = 49.991 cm 499.91 mm
tw = 0.5 cm 5 mm
Section Properties
Ax = 48.9955 cm2 #ADDIN?
Cg = 25.5955 cm #ADDIN?
Ix = 20562.94 cm4 #ADDIN?
Iy = 800.52 cm4 #ADDIN?
rx = 20.49 cm #ADDIN?
ry = 4.04 cm #ADDIN?
Zx1[Top] = 803.3809469 cm3 #ADDIN?
Zx2[Bottom] = 803.3809469 cm3 #ADDIN?
Section Ratio
b/t (t) = 16.67 #ADDIN?
b/t (bf) = 16.67 #ADDIN?
h/t (w) = 99.98 #ADDIN?
kc = 1.00 #ADDIN?
RFcompact = 9.19 #ADDIN?
RFnoncompact = 13.44 #ADDIN?
RQs1 = 13.44 #ADDIN?
RQs2 = 27.58 #ADDIN?
Computed stress
fa = -2.04 kN/cm2 #ADDIN?
fbt = 12.44 kN/cm2 #ADDIN?
fbb = -12.44 kN/cm2 #ADDIN?
y= 4.20 cm #ADDIN?
Ccom = 29.20 cm #ADDIN?
Top flange condition
No. 1 b/t (t) > RFcompact compact flange
No. 2 b/t (t) > RFnoncompact Qs = 1
No. 3 b/t (t) > RQs1 Qs = 0.9288 ###
No. 4 b/t (t) ≤ RQs2 Qs = #ADDIN? ###
Result Qs = 0.9288
Bottom flange condition
No. 1 b/t (bf) > RFcompact compact flange
No. 2 b/t (bf) > RFnoncompact Qs = 1
No. 3 b/t (bf) > RQs1 Qs = 0.9288 ###
No. 4 b/t (bf) ≤ RQs2 Qs = #ADDIN? ###
Result Qs = 0.9288
Section Classification and Reduction factor for Slender element section
Top flange is in tension
Qst = 1.00
Bottom flange is in compression and slender
Qsbf = 0.93
Reduction fator for unstiffened element
Qs = 0.93
Reduction fator for stiffened element
Qa = 0.71
Total reduction factor for slender element section
Q= 0.66
Limiting width-thickness ratio for uniformly compressed stiffended element
λ= 35.78 #ADDIN?
Maximum compressive stress in the unstiffened element
f= 27.87 ksi #ADDIN?
Reduce width of stiffened element
be = 21.95 cm #ADDIN?
Effective cross section area:
Ae = 34.98 cm2 #ADDIN?
Qa = 0.71 #ADDIN?
fa/Fy = 0.06 #ADDIN?
Rw1 = 70.48 #ADDIN?
Rw2 = 36.35 #ADDIN?
fa/Fy ≤ 0.16 #ADDIN?
hw/tw > Rw1 #ADDIN?
hw/tw > Rw2 #ADDIN?
Web is slender
Allowable stress in Axial Tension
Fa = 30 ksi #ADDIN?
Allowable stress in Axial Compression
Flexural Buckling
Slenderness ratio
λx = #ADDIN? #ADDIN?

λy = #ADDIN? #ADDIN?

λmax = #ADDIN? #ADDIN?


For compact and noncompact section
Column slenderness ratio separating elastic and inelastic buckling
Cc = #ADDIN? #ADDIN?

λmax ≤ Cc
Fa = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN?

λmax > Cc
Fa = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN?

Result:
Fa = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN? kN/cm2
For slender element section
Slenserness ratio of compression element
Cc' = #ADDIN? #ADDIN?

λmax ≤ Cc'
Fa = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN?

λmax > Cc'


Fa = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN?

Result:
Fa = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN? kN/cm2
Flexural-Torsional buckling
Torsional constant
J= 4.96 cm4 #ADDIN?
Warping constant
Cw = 512223.06 cm6 #ADDIN?
Effective length factor for torsional buckling
Kz = 1.00
Effective length for torsional buckling
lz = 457.20 cm
Shear modulus
G= 11200.00 ksi 7728 kN/cm2
Critical elastic buckling stress
Fe = #ADDIN? ksi #ADDIN?

Fe = #ADDIN? kN/cm2 #ADDIN?


Allowable stress in Bending
Critical length
Af = 12.00 cm2 #ADDIN?
d= 51.19 cm #ADDIN?
L1 = 214.96 cm #ADDIN?
L2 = 93.77 cm #ADDIN?
Lc = 93.77 cm #ADDIN?
For lu ≤ Lc
For compact section
Fb = 33 ksi #ADDIN?
For noncompact section
Top flange is in tension
Fb = 27.71 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbt = 30.00 ksi #ADDIN?
Bottom flange is in compression
Fb = 27.71 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbb = 27.71 ksi #ADDIN?
For lu > Lc
Top flange (if in compression)
Af = 12.000 cm2 #ADDIN?
rT = 4.97 cm #ADDIN?
lu/rT = 50.25 #ADDIN?
Bottom flange (if in compression)
Af = 12.00 cm2 #ADDIN?
rT = 4.97 cm #ADDIN?
lu/rT = 50.25 #ADDIN?
Bottom flange is compression
Af = 12.00 cm2
l/rT = 50.25
Ma = 18.75 kN.m
Mb = -100.00 kN.m
M gradient: Reverse curvature bending
Ma/Mb = 0.19
Cb = 1.96 #ADDIN?
Cb = 1.96
Lm1 = 63.19 #ADDIN?
Lm2 = 141.30 #ADDIN?
Fbc1 = 30.00 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbc2 = 31.23 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbc3 = 131.77 ksi #ADDIN?
l/rT ≤ Lm1
l/rT ≤ Lm2
Fb = 30.00 ksi
Fbmin = 22.02 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbc = 30.00 ksi
Consider slender web (Web is slender)
Rw3 = 137.18 #ADDIN?
h/t (w)) ≤ Rw3
Aw = 25.00 cm2
RGP = 1.01 #ADDIN?
Fbc4 = 30.00 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbc5 = 27.87 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbc = 27.87 ksi #ADDIN?
Fbt = 30 ksi 20.7 kN/cm2
Fbb = 27.87 ksi 19.23 kN/cm2
Result: lu > Lc
Fbt = 30 ksi 20.7 kN/cm2
Fbb = 27.87 ksi 19.23 kN/cm2
Check Unity Ratio
fa = -2.04 kN/cm2 Fa = #ADDIN? kN/cm2 fa/Fa = ###
fbt = 12.44 kN/cm2 Fbt = 20.7 kN/cm2 fbt/Fbt = 0.60
fbb = -12.44 kN/cm 2 Fbb = 19.23 kN/cm2 fbb/Fbb = -0.65

If fa/Fa > 0.15


Fe = 10.52 kN/cm2 #ADDIN?
Cm = 0.85
A1 = 1.05 #ADDIN?
fa/Fa #ADDIN? 0.15
Top flange Unity Check
UC = #ADDIN?
Top flange Unity Check ### 1.00 ###
Bottom flange Unity Check
UC = #ADDIN?
Bottom flange Unity Check ### 1.00 ###