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Chapter III

METHOD AND PROCEDURES

This chapter discusses the method and procedures utilized in the study. This includes the

tradition of inquiry, sample and sampling technique, instrumentation, and data collection

procedures.

Tradition of inquiry

This research study is guided by the data collection tool survey questionnaire. The

researchers hand a survey questionnaire to the respondents for them to answer it honestly, in order

to understand the circumstances and behavior or opinions of respondents. The survey methodology

is guided by the principles of statistics from the moment of creating a sample, or a group of people

to represent a population, up to the time of the survey results’ analysis and interpretation.

The purpose of the study is to know how much time does the respondents of Batangas State

University Integrated School Senior High School spend using their smartphones as well as it’s

impact to the respondent’s academic performance.

Sample and Sampling Procedures

The repondents for the study are chosen through random sampling, wherein each member

of the population has an equal chance of being selected as a subject. The entire process of sampling

is done in a single step with each subject selected independently of the other members of the

population.

Ten (10) students from each class sections of the Batangas State University Senior High

School were randomly chosen to become the research respondents considering that they are both

willing and interested to answer the survey questionnaire, for a total of Sixty (60) respondents.
The requirements for the participation of the said students were disclosure, capacity, and

voluntariness. Information, which are the objectives, procedure, risks, and benefits of the research

are needed to be disclosed to the research respondents. The capacity of the participants was also

taken into consideration by the researchers, such as their intelligence level, maturity, and language

needs. Lastly, voluntariness is required and the participants were not coerced or negatively

pressured by the researchers.

Instrumentation

In the research study, survey questionnaire was the instrument used in order to gather

quantitative data. The stated method was used for it ensures appropriateness, feasibleness, and

convenience to the researchers. The survey questionnaire consists of (NO. OF QUESTIONS,

ILANG SECTIONS, AT LAMAN NG BAWAT SECTION).

The researchers prepared open-ended questions, which allow the participants to elaborate

their opinions giving space for variety and originality to give more depth to the answers. The

purpose of the interview is to learn about the opinions and perspectives of the participants

regarding the problem.

Data Collection Procedures


The study used interviews within a group of people to know the stand and different

perspectives of Junior High School students of Batangas State University about how their class

schedule affect their social relationships and mental health.

The focused group discussion was held during the lunch break between 12:00 and 1:00 in

the afternoon and after their class around 4:00 to 5:00 in the afternoon of the chosen students. Each

interview has an estimated time of 30 minutes, which gives the participants enough time to

elaborate their answers. The whole group discussion was recorded through audio and video means.

The participants were given letters before pushing through with the interview. The letter

states the rights of the participants and informs them that their answers will be confidential. The

letter also asks the permission of the participants about their voice being recorded and their face

showing to the camera since it is needed for data analysis and interpretation. Moreover, the

participants were given the choice to alter their voice recording and blur their faces in the video

for confidentiality purposes.

References:
https://explorable.com/surveys-and-questionnaires
https://explorable.com/simple-random-sampling

The researchers prepared questions wherein the answers are guided by the likert-type scale,

which allow the researchers to interpret the given responses through statistical tools such as

(ANONG TOOOL). Likert-type or frequency scales use fixed choice response formats and are

designed to measure attitudes or opinions. These ordinal scales measure levels of

agreement/disagreement. The purpose of the survey questionnaire is to learn about the opinions

and perspectives of the participants regarding the problem. (Bowling, 1997; Burns, & Grove, 1997)
Data Collection Procedures

The study used survey questionnaires within a group of people to know the stand and

different perspectives of Senior High School students of Batangas State University about the

effects of smartphone use regarding their academic performance .

The distribution of the survey questionnaires was held during the lunch break between

12:00 and 1:00 in the afternoon and after their class around 4:00 to 5:00 in the afternoon of the

chosen students. Each of the respondents answered the survey questionnaire for an estimated time

of 10 minutes, which gives the participants enough time to ponder upon their answers. The whole

process recorded through photo documentation.

The participants were given letters before answering the questionnaire. The letter states the

rights of the participants and informs them that their answers will be confidential. The letter also

asks the permission of the participants about their faces being photographed since it is needed for

data analysis and interpretation.

Bowling, A. (1997). Research Methods in Health. Buckingham: Open University Press.


Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (1997). The Practice of Nursing Research Conduct, Critique, &
Utilization. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders and Co.