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COURSE NAME : VIJAY (JR)

(E-LPD)
TEST : PT-1 (JEE ADV. PATTERN)
TEST DATE : 16-08-2015
Syllabus: Rectilinear Motion+ Projectile Motion + Relative Motion +
Geometrical Optics

TEST LEVEL : PHYSICS

(P5) Pattern-5 (2 HRS. EACH SUBJECT)


S.No. Subject Nature of Questions No. of Questions Marks Negative Total
1 to 22 Maths/ MCQ 22 4 –2 88
Physics/
23 to 40 Chemistry Integer type (Single Digit) 18 4 –1 72
Total 40 Total 160

SECTION – 1 : (Maximum Marks : 88)


 This section contains 22 questions


 Each question has FOUR options (A), (B), (C) and (D). ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these
four option(s) is(are) correct
 For each question, darken the bubble(s) corresponding to all the correct option(s) in the ORS
 Marking scheme :
+4 If only the bubble(s) corresponding to all the correct option(s) is(are) darkened
0 If none of the bubbles is darkened
–2 In all other cases
[kaM 1 : (v f/kd re v ad : 88)
 bl [kaM esa22 iz'u gSaA
 izR;sd iz'u esapkj fod Yi (A), (B), (C) rFkk (D) gSaA bu pkj fod Yiksaesals,d ;k ,d l sv f/kd fod Yi
lgh gSaA
 izR;sd iz'u esa] lHkh lgh fod Yi ¼fod Yiksa½ d svuq: i cqy cqy s¼cqy cqy kas½ d ksvks- vkj- ,l- esad ky k d jsaA
 vad u ;kst uk :
+4 ;fn flQ ZlHkh lgh fod Yi ¼fod Yiks a½ d svuq: i cqy cqy s¼cqy cqy kas½ d ksd ky k fd ;k t k,A
0 ;fn d ks bZHkh cqy cqy k d kyk u fd ;k gksA
–2 vU; lHkh voLFkkvks aesa

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MCQ
1. Two particles are fired from the same point O. T1 and T2 are their time of flight. Choose the correct
options (shaded portion is a step of height h above the ground) :
nksd .k leku fcUnqO lsQ sd st krsgSA T1 rFkk T2 bud smM~M ;u d ky gSA lgh d Fku NkVks(nka;h rjQ
Nka;kfd r Hkkx t ehu lsh Å Wp kbZd h lh<h gS) :

(A*) T2 < T1 for small values of h


(B*) V2 > V1
(C*) If height h tends to a limiting value of zero then (T1 – T2) will tend to a limiting value of zero
2 2
V1 sin2 1 V sin2  2
(D*) If h tends to or h tends to 2 , then in both cases 2T2 will tends to T1
2g 2g

(A*) h d sNks
Vseku d sfy , T2 < T1 gS
A
(B*) V2 > V1

(C*) ;fn h d k eku 'kwU; d h rjQ vxzl j gksrks(T1 – T2) d k eku Hkh 'kwU; d h rjQ vxzl j gksxkA
2 2
V1 sin2 1 V2 sin2  2
(D*) ;fn h d k eku ;k d h rjQ vxzl j gksrksnksuksfLFkfr;ksesa2T2 d k eku T1 d h
2g 2g

rjQ vxzl j gksxkA


Sol. H1 = H2

 V1sin1 = V2sin2
but (ii) reaches little above ground,
ijUrq(ii) /kjkry lsÅ ij fxjsxh
 T2 < T 1

If ;fn h=0

 T1 = T 2
h = H1 = H2

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1
 T2 = T .
2 1

2. A particle is projected up an incline (inclination angle = 30º) with 15 3 m/s at an angle of 30º with
the incline (as shown in figure) (g = 10 m/s2)
,d d .kurry (urd ks.k = 30º) ij Å ij d h vksj 15 3 m/s d h pky lsurry ls30º d ks.k ij iz{ksfir
fd ;k t krk gSA n'kkZ;svuql kj (g = 10 m/s2)

(A*) 1.5 sec later, angle between acceleration & velocity is 120º.
(B) 1.5 sec later, angle between acceleration & velocity is 60º.
(C*) Range on the incline is 45 m
(D*) Time of flight on the incline is 3 sec.
(A*) 1.5 ls
d .M ckn Roj.k o osx d se/; d ks.k 120º gSA
(B) 1.5 ls
d .M ckn Roj.k o os
x d se/; d ks.k 60º gSA
(C*) urry ij ijkl 45 m gS
A
(D*) urry ij mM~M ;u d ky 3 lsd .M gSA
1
Sol. For motion  to incline 0 = ( u sin 30º) t – (g cos 30º)t2
2
2usin30º
 t= = 3 sec = Time of flight
gcos 30º

 at 1.5 sec, velocity is parallel to incline


 angle between velocity & acceleration is 120º

30º

for motion parallel to incline


1
R = (u cos 30º) t – (g cos 30º) t2 & t = 3 sec
2
 R = 45 m
1
gy . urry d sy Ecor~xfr d sfy, 0 = ( u sin 30º) t – (g cos 30º)t2
2
2usin30º
 t= = 3 sec = mM~
M ;u d ky
gcos 30º

 1.5 ls
d .M ij osx urry d slekUrj gkst krk gSA
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 osx o Roj.k d se/; d ks.k 120º gSA
urry d slekUrj xfr d sfy ,
1
R = (u cos 30º) t – (g cos 30º) t2 & t = 3 sec
2
 R = 45 m

3. A particle is projected from ground with velocity 40 2 m/s at 45º. At time t = 2s : (g = 10 m/s2)

,d d .k d kst ehu ls 40 2 m/s osx rFkk 45º d ks.k ij ç{ksfir fd ;k t krk gSA t = 2s ij : (g = 10 m/s2)

(A*) displacement of particle has magnitude 100 m (B*) vertical component of velocity is 20
m/s
(C*) velocity makes an angle of tan–1(2) with vertical (D*) particle is at height of 60m from
ground
(A*) d .k d sfoLFkkiu d k ifjek.k 100 m gSA (B*) os
x d k Å /okZ/kj ?kVd 20 m/s gSA
(C*) Å /okZ
/kj lsosx }kjk cuk;k x;k d ks.k tan–1(2) gS
A (D*) t ehu lsd .k d h Å ¡p kbZ60m gSA
Sol. ux = 40 m/s, uy = 40 m/s
x = 4x.t = 80 m
1 2
y = 4yt – 8t = 60 m
2
4y = 4y – gt = 20 m/s
vx
tan = =2
vy

 = tan–1(2) with vertical.


 = tan–1(2) Å /okZ
/kj lsA

4. At an instant particle-A is at origin and moving with constant velocity (3iˆ  4ˆj) m / s and particle-B

is at (4,4)m and moving with constant velocity (4iˆ  3ˆj) m / s . Then at this instant :

fd lh {k.k ij d .k A ewy fcUnqij rFkk fu;r osx (3iˆ  4ˆj) m / s lsxfr'khy gS] rFkk d .k B fcUnq(4,4)m

ij gS] rFkk fu;r osx (4iˆ  3ˆj) m / s lsxfr'khy gS] rksbl le; :

(A*) relative velocity of B w.r.t. A is ( ˆi  7ˆj) m / s A d slkis


{k B d k lkis{k osx ( ˆi  7ˆj) m / s gSA

(B*) approach velocity of A and B is 3 2 m/s A rFkk B d k lkehI; osx 3 2 m/s gSA
(C*) relative velocity of B w.r.t. A remains constant A d slkis
{k B d k lkis{k osx fu;r jgrk gS
A
(D) approach velocity of A and B remains constant A rFkk B d k lkehI; osx fu;r jgrk gSA
Sol.

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vBA = vB – vA

= [4iˆ  3 ˆj]  [3iˆ  4ˆj] = ˆi  7ˆj

vapp = 4 cos45º + 3 cos45º + 3 cos45º – 4 cos45º


= 6 cos45º
= 3 2 m/s .

5. Two particle A and B are located in x-y plane at points (0, 0) and (0, 4 m). They simultaneously
 
start moving with velocities. v A  2ˆj m / s and v B  2iˆ m / s . Select the correct alternative(s).

(A) The distance between them is constant


(B*) The distance between them first decreases and then increases
(C*) The shortest distance between them is 2 2 m
(D*) Time after which they are at minimum distance is 1s
 
nksd .k A o B , x-y ry esafcUnq(0, 0) rFkk (0, 4 m) ij O;ofLFkr gSA os v A  2ˆj m / s rFkk v B  2iˆ m / s
d sosx ls,d lkFk xfr d juk izkjEHk d jrsgSA lgh fod Yiksad k p;u d jksA
(A) bud se/; nwjh fu;r gS
(B*) bud se/; nwjh igy s?kVrh gSrFkk fQ j c<+rh gS
(C*) bud se/; y ?kwÙke nwjh 2 2 m gSA
(D*) og le; ft ld si'pkr osU;wure nwjh ij gksrsgS] 1s gS

   
Sol. v AB  v A  v B = 2 ( ˆj  ˆi) m/s or v AB = 2 2 m/s

Assuming B to be at rest, A will move with velocity v AB in the direction shown in figure. The

distance between them will first decrease from A to C and then increase beyond C.
B
vAB
4m
C 45°

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4
Minimum distance between them is BC which is equal to or 2 2 and the time after which
2
they are at closest distance is :

AC 2 2
t=   = 1s.
v AB 2 2
   
Hindi. v AB  v A  v B = 2 ( ˆj  ˆi) m/s ;k v AB = 2 2 m/s

ekfu, B fojkekoLFkk ij gSA, v AB osx lsfp=k esaiznf'kZr fn'kk esaxfr d jsxkA bud se/; nwjh igy sA lsC
rd ?kVrh gSrFkk fQ j C d suhpst kusij c<+rh gSA
B
vAB
4m
C 45°

4
bud se/; U;wure nwjh BC gSt ks ;k 2 2 d scjkcj gSrFkk og le; ft ld si'pkr~oslehiorhZnwjh ij
2

gksrsgSa] gS:
AC 2 2
t=   = 1s.
v AB 2 2

6. An open elevator is ascending with zero acceleration and speed 10 m/s. A ball is thrown vertically
up by a boy when he is at a height 10 m from the ground, the velocity of projection is 30m/s with
respect to elevator. Choose correct option, assuming height of the boy very small : (g = 10 m/s2)
,d [kqy h fy ¶V 'kwU; Roj.k rFkk 10 m/s pky d slkFk Å ij d h rjQ xfr'khy gS
A t c fy ¶V t ehu ls10 m
Å ¡p kbZij gSrc y M+d k ,d xsan Å ij d h rjQ Q Sad rk gS
A fy ¶V d slkis{k xsan d k ç{ksi.k osx 30m/s gSA lgh
fod Yi Nk¡VksA ekuk y M+
d sd h Å ¡p kbZcgqr d e gSA (g = 10 m/s2)
(A*) Maximum height attained by the ball from ground is 90 m.
(B*) Maximum height attained by the ball with respect to lift from the point of projection is 45 m.
(C*) Time taken by the ball to meet the elevator again is 6 sec
(D*) The speed of the ball when it comes back to the boy is 20 m/s with respect to ground.
(A*) t ehu d slkis{k xsan }kjk çkIr vf/kd re Å ¡p kbZ90 m gSA
(B*) fy ¶V d slkis{k xsan }kjk çkIr vf/kd re Å ¡p kbZ45 m ¼ç{ksi.k fcUnqls½ gSA
(C*) xs
an }kjk nqckjk fy ¶V lsVd jkusesay xk le; 6 sec gSA
(D*) t ehu d slkis{k t c xsan okil y M+d sd sikl igq¡p rh gSrc xsan d h pky 20 m/s gSA

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Sol. (A) Absolute velocity of ball = 40 m/s (upwards)
hmax = hi = ff

(40)2
= 10 +
2  10
h = 90 m
(30)2
(B) Maximum height from left =
2  10
= 45 m
(C) The ball unless meet the elevator again when displacement of ball = displacement of lift
1
40 t – × 10 × t2 = 10 × t
2
 t = 6s.
1
(D) Let t0 be the total time taken by the ball to reach the ground then – 10 = 40 × to – × 10 × to2
2
 t0 = 8.24 s.

 time taken by the ball for each the ground after crossing the elevator = t0 – t = 2.24 s.

Sol. (A) xs
an d k okLrfod osx = 40 m/s (Å ij d h vks
j)
hmax = hi = ff

(40)2
= 10 +
2  10
h = 90 m
(30)2
(B) fy ¶V lsvf/kd re Å ¡p kbZ=
2  10
= 45 m
(C) xs
an nqckjk fy ¶V lsVd jk;sxh t c xsan d k foLFkkiu = fy ¶V d k foLFkkiu
1
40 t – × 10 × t2 = 10 × t
2
 t = 6s.
1
(D) ekuk t0 xs
an }kjk nqckjk t ehu ij igq¡p usesay xk le; gS– 10 = 40 × to – × 10 × to2
2
 t0 = 8.24 s.

 fy ¶V lsxqt jusd sckn xsan }kjk fy ;k le; = t0 – t = 2.24 s.

7. A man is standing on a road and observes that rain is falling at angle 45º with the vertical. The
man starts running on the road with constant acceleration 0.5 m/s2. After a certain time from the
start of the motion, it appears to him that rain is still falling at angle 45º with the vertical, with speed
2 2 m/s . Motion of the man is in the same vertical plane in which the rain is falling. Then which
of the following statement(s) are true.

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(A) It is not possible
(B) Speed of the rain relative to the ground is 2 m/s.
(C*) Speed of the man when he finds rain to be falling at angle 45º with the vertical, is 4m/s.
(D*) The man has travelled a distance 16m on the road by the time he again finds rain to be falling
at angle 45°.
,d vkneh ,d lM+d ij [kM+k gSrFkk m/okZ/kj d slkFk 45º d sd ks.k ij ckfj'k d ksfxjrh gqbZikrk gS
A vc
vkneh lM+
d ij fu;r Roj.k 0.5 m/s2 lsnkSM +uk izkjEHk d jrk gSA vkneh d h xfr izkjEHk d jusd sd qN nsj ckn
og vkneh ckfj'k d ksfQ j lsm/okZ/kj d slkFk 45º d k d ks.k cukrsgq, 2 2 m/s d h pky lsfxjrh gqbZikrk gS
ckfj'k d sfxjusd k m/okZ/kj ry gh vkneh d h xfr d k ry gSA rksfuEu esalsd kSulsd Fku lR; gS&
(A) ;g laHko ughagSA
(B) t ehu d slkis{k ckfj'k d h pky 2 m/s gSA
(C*) vkneh d h pky t c og ckfj'k d ksm/okZ/kj ls45º d ks.k ij ikrk gSrc 4m/s gSA
(D*) vkneh d kst c nqckjk ckfj'k 45° d ks.k ij fey rh gSrksbl le; vUrjky esar; nwjh 16m gSA
  
Sol. Vr g  Vr m  Vm g
  
Vr g  Vrg  Vm g

Vrg Vrm

45° 45°

V
Vmg

Initial Final
Vrm cos 45° = Vrg cos45°

Vrm = 2 2 m/s = Vrg


Vrm cos 45° = Vmg – Vrg cos45°

1 1
Vm g  2 2 + 2 2 = 4 m/s
2 2

–Vmg

45° 45°
Vrm Vrg

using v2 = u2 + 2as for the motion of man,


v2 = u2 + 2as vkneh d h xfr d sfy ,]
s = 16 m.

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8. A balloon rises vertically upwards from the ground, starting from rest, such that its acceleration a

x
varies with the height x according to the equation a = a0 1  , 0  x  H. Choose the correct
H
statements

lrg ls,d xqCckjk Å /okZ/kj Å ij d h vksj fojkekoLFkk lsbl izd kj mBuk iz


kjEHk d jrk gS] fd bld k Roj.k 'a'
x
Å Wp kbZx d slkFk lehd j.k a = a0 1  , 0  x  H d svuql kj ifjofrZr gksrk gSA lgh d Fku d k p;u
H

d hft ,A
a0 H
(A) the speed of the balloon when it reaches the height H is
3

a0 H
t c xqCckjk H Å Wp kbZij igqWp rk gS] bld h pky gSA
3

a 0H
(B*) The speed of the balloon when it reaches the height H is 2
3

a 0H
t c xqCckjk H Å Wp kbZij igqWp rk gS] bld h pky 2 gSA
3
(C*) The maximum acceleration of the balloon is a0

xqCckjsd k vf/kd re~Roj.k a0 gS


A

4a0H  x
(D) The variation of velocity v with x is given by v2 = 1  1  
3  H

4a0H  x
x d slkFk os
xv esaifjorZu v2 = 1  1   }kjk fn;k x;k gS
A
3  H

Sol. The graph should be vkjs[k gksuk pkfg,


dv x
a= v  a0 1 
dx H
3/2
v2  2H   x
 a0     1   c
2  3   H
a

a0

H x

2a0H
x = 0, v = 0  c =
3

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3/2
4a0H   x 
 v2 = 1   1   
3   H  

4a0H aH
At x = H ij, v2 = ,v= 2 0
3 3

 t3 
9. If the position of a particle moving along a straight line as x =   2t 2  4t  6 , (x is in m & t is in
3 

second):
 t3 
;fn ljy js[kk d svuqfn'k xfr'khy ,d d .k d h fLFkfr x =   2t 2  4t  6 d svuql kj gS] (x ehVj esarFkk
3 

t lS
d .M esagS) :
(A) then particle is moving with constant acceleration
(B*) At t = 2 second, particle has zero velocity
(C) At t = 2 second, particle has acceleration 1 m/s2
(D*) At t = 3 second, particle has acceleration 2 m/s2
(A) rc d .k vpj Roj.k lsxfr'khy gksxkA
(B*) t = 2 lS
d .M ij] d .k 'kwU; osx j[krk gSA
(C) t = 2 lS
d .M ij] d .k d k Roj.k 1 m/s2 gSA
(D*) t = 3 lS
d .M ij, d .k d k Roj.k 2 m/s2 gSA
dx
Sol. V= = t2 – 4t + 4
dt
V = (t – 2)2
a = 2(t – 2)
At t = 2 ij , V = 0, a = 0

At t = 3 ij , a = 2 m/s2 .

10. A particle moves along a straight line and its velocity depends on time 't' as v = 4t – t2. Here v is in
m/sec. and t is in second. Then for the first 5 seconds :
5 13
(A*) Magnitude of average velocity is m/s (B*) Average speed is m/s
3 5
11
(C) Average speed is m/s (D*) Average acceleration is – 1m/s2|
5
,d d .k ljy js[kk d svuqfn'k xfr'khy gSvkSj bld k osx le; 't' ij v = 4t – t2. d svuql kj fuHkZ
j d jrk gSA
;gkav m/s esagSrFkk t lsd .M esagSA rc iz
Fke 5 lsd .M d sfy ,

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5 13
(A*) vkS
lr osx d k ifjek.k m/s gS (B*) vkS
lr pky m/s gS
3 5
11
(C) vkS
lr pky m/s gS (D*) vkS
lr Roj.k – 1m/s2| gS
5
s
Sol. Average velocity vkS
lr osx = = vavg
t
5 5
2 25
S=  vdt =  (4t  t )dt = m
0 0
3

25 / 3 m 5 m
vavg = =
5 sec. 3 sec
dis tance covered dis tance
Average speed = =
time taken t

r; d h xbZnwjh nwjh
vkSl r pky = =
fy ;k x;k l e; t
4 5

Distance nw
jh =  v dt   (–v)dt
0 4

32 7 39
=  = m = 13 m
3 3 3
13m
Average speed vkS
lr pky =
5 sec
v f  vi
Average acceleration vkS
lr Roj.k (aavg) =
t
vf = 4 × 5 – 52 = 20 – 25 = –5
vi = 0

5  0
aavg = = – 1 m/s2 .
5

t3
11. A particle is moving along x-axis such that its position is given by x = 4 – 9t + where t is time in
3
seconds, x is in meters. Mark the correct statement(s) :
(A) Direction of motion is not changing at any of the instants
(B*) Direction of the motion is changing at t = 3 seconds
(C*) For 0 < t < 3 sec. the particle slowing down
(D*) For 3 < t < 6 sec. the particle is speeding up
t3
,d d .k x-v{k d svuqfn'k bl izd kj xfr'khy gSfd bld h fLFkfr x = 4 – 9t + }kjk nh xbZgSt gkat
3

lsd .M esagS] x ehVj esagSA lgh fod Yiksad k p;u d hft ,A

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(A) xfr d h fn'kk fd lh Hkh {k.k ifjofrZr ugh gksrh gSA
(B*) xfr d h fn'kk t = 3 sec ij ifjofrZr gksrh gSA
(C*) 0 < t < 3 sec d sfy ,] d .k d h pky ?kVsxh
(D*) 3 < t < 6 sec d sfy ,] d .k d h pky c<sxh
dx 3t 2
Sol. v= =0–9+
dt 3
v = t2 – 9
v = 0 gS at t = 3 ij
Also, rFkk a = 2t gS
The particle's velocity will be zero at t = 3 sec. where it changes its direction of motion. For 0 < t <
3 sec. v is –ve and a is +ve so particle is slowing down.
d .k d h pky t = 3 sec ij 'kw
U; gSA t gkabld h xfr d h fn'kk ifjofrZr gskrh gSA 0 < t < 3 sec d sfy , v –
ve gSo a +ve gSvr% d .k d h pky ?kVsxh
5R
12. A point object is placed at a distance of from the pole of concave mirror of small aperature
3
and radius of curvature R. Point object oscillates with amplitude 1mm perpendicular to the optical
axis. Then
5R
NksVs}kjd rFkk oØ rk f=kT;k R d svory niZ.k d slkeusçd kf'kd v{k ij ,d fcUnqoLrq/kzqo ls nwjh
3

ij fLFkr gSA fcUnqoLrqizd kf'kr v{k d sy Ecor~1mm vk;ke lsnksy u d j jgh gSA rc

3
(A*) amplitude of image is mm.
7
(B) phase difference between motion of object and its image when object crosses optical axis is .

 5R 
(C*) position of image of object from pole is  – ,0 , when object at ‘O’.
 7 

(D*) Image of object is real.


3
(A) çfrfcEc d k vk;ke mm gSA
7

(B) oLrqd h xfr rFkk bld sçfrfcEc d se/; d y kUrj  gS] t c oLrqiz
d kf'kd v{k lsxqt jrh gS
A
5R
(C) oLrqd sçfrfcEc d h /kzqo lsfLFkfr  – ,0 gSt c oLrq‘O’ ij gSA
 7 

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(D) oLrqd k çfrfcEc okLrfod gSA
1 1 1
Sol.  
v u f
1 3 –2
– 
v 5R R
1 –2 3 7 5R
  – v–
v R 5R 5R 7
 v  –5R / 7 
m=  –  –
0 u  –5R / 3 

3
=–
7
3
amplitude vk;ke = mm.
7
phase difference is .
d y kUrj  gSA
 Ans. (A), (C) & (D).

13. Which of the following statements are incorrect for spherical mirrors.
fuEu esalsd kSulk d Fku xksy h; niZ.k d sfy , xy r gS&
(A*) a concave mirror forms only virtual images for any position of real object
,d vory niZ.k okLrfod oLrqd h fd lh Hkh fLFkfr d sfy , d soy vkHkklh çfrfcEc cukrk gSA
(B) a convex mirror forms only virtual images for any position of a real object
,d mÙky niZ.k okLrfod oLrqd h fd lh Hkh fLFkfr d sfy , d soy vkHkklh çfrfcEc cukrk gSA
(C*) a concave mirror forms only a virtual diminished image of an object placed between its pole
and the focus
,d vory niZ.k] /kzqo o Q ksd l d schp j[kh oLrqd k d s
oy vkHkklh o NksVk çfrfcEc cukrk gSA
(D*) a convex mirror forms a virtual enlarged image of an object if it lies between its pole and the
focus.
;fn oLrq/kzqo rFkk Q ksd l d se/; gksrksmÙky niZ.k vkHkklh rFkk vkof/kZr çfrfcEc cukrk gSA
Sol. (A) No, when object is between infinite and focus ,image is real.
ugh, t c oLrqvuUr rFkk Q ks
d l d se/; gS] izfrfcEc okLrfod gS
(C) when object is between pole and focus, image is magnified.
t c oLrq/kzqo rFkk Q ksd l d se/; gS] izfrfcEc vkof/kZr gksxk
(D) when object is between pole and focus image formed by convex mirror is real.
t c oLrq/kzqo rFkk Q ksd l d se/; gS] mÙky niZ.k }kjk cuk izfrfcEc okLrfod gksxk
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14. In the shown figure two long plane mirror are kept parallel to each other with their reflecting side
facing one another. A point object 'O' is situated at the distance of 20 cm from A then :
iznf'kZr fp=k esanksy Ecslery niZ.k ,d nwl jsd slekUrj j[ksgq
, gS] rFkk mud sijkorZ
d i`"B ,d nwl jsd s
vkeuslkeusgS
A ,d fcUnqoLrq'O'] A ls20 cm d h nwjh ij fLFkr gS] rc %

(A*) distance of first image formed in A is 50 cm from B.


(B*) distance between fifth image formed in the two mirrors is 3 m
(C) distance between fifth image formed in the two mirrors is 240 cm
(D*) total of infinite images are formed in the two mirrors
(A*) A esacusizFke izfrfcEc d h B lsnwjh 50 cm gksxhA
(B*) nks
uksaniZ.kksaesacusik¡p osaizfrfcEc d se/; nwjh 3 m gksxhA
(C) nks
uksaniZ.kksaesacusik¡p osaiz
frfcEc d se/; nwjh 240 cm gksxhA
(D*) nks
uksaniZ.kksad se/; vuUr izfrfcEc cusxsaA

Sol.

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15. Two plane mirrors are inclined to each other with their reflecting faces making acute angle. A light
ray is incident on one plane mirror. The total deviation after two successive reflections is:
nkslery niZ.k viusijkorhZi`"Bksad slkFk U;wu d ks.k (acute angle) cukrsgq, ,d nwl jsd slkFk >qd sgq,
gSA ,d çd k'k fd j.k fd lh ,d lery niZ.k ij vkifrr gksrh gSA nksmÙkjksÙkj ijkorZuksad sckn d qy fopy u&
(A*) independent of the initial angle of incidence çkjfEHkd vkiru d ks.k ij fuHkZj ughad jrk gSA
(B) independent of the angle between the mirrors niZ.kksad schp d ks.k ij fuHkZj ughad jrk gSA
(C) dependent on the initial angle of incidence çkjfEHkd vkiru d ks.k ij fuHkZj d jrk gSA
(D*) dependent on the angle between the mirrors. niZ.kksad schp d ks.k ij fuHkZ
j d jrk gSA
Sol.

 
i r   
2 2
i + r =  .........(i)
 = 2i + 2r
 = 2 (Anticlockwise okekorZ
)
16. Position time graph for a particle moving on straight line is shown in figure. Assume same slope of
x–t graph at t = 0 and t = 20 s. Select correct alternative/s :
ljy js[kk esaxfr d j jgs,d d .k d sfy , fLFkfr le;&xzkQ fp=kkuql kj gSA ;g ekfu, fd t = 0 rFkkt = 20 s
ij x–t xzkQ d k <ky leku gS
A lgh fod Yi@fod Yiksad k p;u d hft , :

(A*) Average velocity of particle from t = 0 to t = 20 sec. is zero.


(B*) Acceleration of particle from t = 10 sec. to t = 15 sec. is positive.
(C*) Average acceleration of particle from t = 0 to t = 20 is zero.
(D) Average velocity & instantaneous velocity becomes same in magnitude and direction more
than once from t = 0 to t = 20 sec.

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(A*) t = 0 lst = 20 sec es
ad .k d k vkSl r osx 'kwU; gksxkA
(B*) t = 10 sec lst = 15 sec es
ad .k d k Roj.k /kukRed gksxkA
(C*) t = 0 lst = 20 sec es
ad .k d k vkSl r Roj.k 'kwU; gksxkA
(D) t = 0 lst = 20 sec d snkSjku d .k d k vkSl r osx rFkk rkR{kf.kd osx ifjek.k rFkk fn'kk esa,d lsvf/kd
ckj leku gkst k,xkA

17. Particle thrown from O, parallel to the incline as shown hits the incline perpendicular to it. Choose
the correct options.
urry d slekUrj fcUnqO ls, Q Sad k x;k d .k urry ij fp=kkuql kj y Ecor~Vd jkrk gSA lgh fod Yiksad k p;u
d hft ,A

9375
(A*) d is equal to m (B) Particle hits the incline after the time 10 sec
16
7225
(C) d is equal to m (D*) Particle hits the incline after time 12.5 sec
16
9375
(A*) d, m d scjkcj gS (B) 10 sec i'pkr~d .k urry ij Vd jk;sxk
16

7225
(C) d, m d scjkcj gS (D*) 12.5 sec i'pkr~d .k urry ij Vd jk;sxk
16

Vy
Sol. = tan 37 = 3/4  vy = 45 m/s
60
– 45 = 80 – 10t
10t = 125
25
t= sec
2

37º
60
y

X0

 25 
d + x0 = 60   = 750 m.
 2 
(45)2 = (80)2 + 2(–10)y
875
y= m.
4

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2625
= tan 53 = 4/3  x0 = 3/4 y = m.
16
2625 9375
d = 750 – = m
16 16

18. A ray of light is incident normally on one face of a prism as shown in figure. The refractive index of
5 4
the material of the prism is and the prism is immersed in water of refractive index , then
3 3
iznf'kZr fp=k esafizTe d s,d Q y d ij fp=kkuql kj ,d izd k'k fd j.k yEcor~vkifrr gksrh gSA fizTe d sinkFkZ
5 4
d k viorZukad gSrFkk fizTe d ks , viorZukd oky st y esaj[kk x;k gS] rc
3 3

60°
P

30°

5
(A*) The angle of emergence 2 of the ray is sin–1   .
8
5
fuxZr izd k'k fd j.k d k d ks.k 2, sin–1   . gksxkA
8

 5 
(B) The angle of emergence 2 of the ray is sin–1  .
4 3

 5 
fuxZr izd k'k fd j.k d k d ks.k 2, sin–1   . gks
xkA
4 3

 7 
(C) The angle of emergence 2 of the ray is sin–1  .
3 4 

 7 
fuxZr izd k'k fd j.k d k d ks.k 2, sin–1  . gksxkA
3 4 
(D*) Total internal reflection will not occur at P if the refractive index of water increases to a value
5
greater than by dissolving some substance
2 3
5
d qN v'kqf) ?kksy d j ;fn t y d k viorZukad d seku ls] vf/kd c<+k nsrksfcUnqP ij iw.kZvkUrfjd
2 3

ijkorZu ?kfVr ughagksxkA

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Sol. Initially at P, there is TIR, Therefore at Q (snell’s law)
izkja
Hk esaP ij, iw.kZvkarfjd ijkorZu gS] vr% Q ij (Lusy d sfu;e ls)
5 4
sin30  sin 2
3 3
5 5
 sin 2   2  sin–1  
8 8

5 5/2 3
If w >  sinC >  C > 60°
2 3 2/3
Therefore, now TIR will not occur at P.
vr%] P ij iw.kZvkUrfjd ijkorZu ughagksxkA
Ans. (A, D)

19. In the figure the light is incident at an angle  (slightly greater than the critical angle, for refraction
from n2 to n1) as shown in figure (a). Now keeping the incident ray fixed a parallel slab of refractive
index n3 is introduced between medium n1 and n2 as shown in figure (b). Choose the correct
options
fp=k (a esa) esaizd k'k  d ks.k (Ø kfUrd d ks.k lsFkksM +k cM+k) ij n2 lsn1 esaviorZu d sfy , vkifrr gksrk gSA
vc vkifrr fd j.k d ksfLFkj j[krsgq;sn3 viorZukad d h ,d lekUrj ifV~Vd k ek/;e n1 rFkk n2 d se/; fp=k
(b) d svuq
l kj j[kh t krh gSA lgh fod Yiksad k p;u d hft ,A

(A*) total internal reflection occurs at AB for n3 < n1


(B) total internal reflection occurs at AB for n3 > n1

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(C*) the ray will finally return back to the medium n2 for all values of n3
(D) total internal reflection occurs at CD for n3 < n1.

(A*) n3 < n1 d sfy ;sAB ij iw


.kZ vkUrfjd ijkorZu gksrk gSA
(B) n3 > n1 d sfy ;sAB ij iw.kZ vkUrfjd ijkorZu gksrk gS
A
(C*) n3 d slHkh ekuks
ad sfy ;sfd j.k vUr esamlh ek/;e n2 esay kSV t krh gSA
(D) n3 < n1 d sfy ;sCD ij iw.kZvkUrfjd ijkorZu gksrk gSA

20. A small air bubble is trapped inside a transparent cube of size 12 cm. When viewed from one of the
vertical faces, the bubble appears to be at 5 cm from it. When viewed from opposite face, it appears
at 3 cm from it.
(A*) The distance of the air bubble from the first face is 7.5 cm.
(B) The distance of the air bubble from the first face is 9 cm.
(C) Refractive index of the material of the cube is 2.0.
(D*) Refractive index of the material of the cube is 1.5.
,d NksVk ok;qd k cqy cqy k 12 cm Hkqt k d sikjn'khZ?ku d svUnj fLFkr gSA t c bls?ku d h Å /okZ/kj lrg ls
ns[kk t krk gSA rc ;g cqy cqy k lrg ls5 cm d h nwjh ij izfrr gksrk gSA t c blsfoifjr lrg lsns[kk t krk
gSA rc ;g lrg ls3 cm d h nwjh ij iz
frr gksrk gSA
(A*) iz
Fke lrg lsok;qd scqy cqy sd h nwjh 7.5 cm gskxhA
(B) iz
Fke lrg lsok;qd scqy cq
y sd h nwjh 9 cm gs
kxhA
(C) ?ku d sinkFkZd k viorZuka
d 2.0 gSA
(D*) ?ku d sinkFkZd k viorZukad 1.5 gSA

Sol.

Let the bubble B is at distance H from the face F1 of the cube.

ekuk cqy cqy k B ?ku d h lrg F1 lsH nwjh ij gSA


na
h1 = H = 5 cm
nC

Similarly when looking from opposite face F2,

blh izd kj t c foifjr lrg F2 lsns[krsgS] rc

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na
h2 = (12 – H) = 3 cm
nC

Solving H = 7.5 cm and nC = 1.5

gy d jusij H = 7.5 cm rFkknC = 1.5

21. Which of the following statements is/are correct about the refraction of light from a plane surface
when light ray is incident in denser medium. [C is critical angle]
t c fd j.k l?ku ek/;e esaizos'k d jrh gSrksizd k'k fd j.k d slery lrg lsviorZu d sfy , d kSulsd Fku
lR; gSA [C Ø kfUrd d ks.k gS]

(A*) The maximum angle of deviation during refraction is – C, it will be at angle of incidence is
2
C.
(B*) The maximum angle of deviation for all angle of incidences is  – 2C, when angle of
incidence is slightly greater than C.
(C*) If angle of incidence is less than C then deviation increases if angle of incidence is also
increased.
(D*) If angle of incidence is greater than C then angle of deviation decreases if angle of
incidence is increased.

(A*) viorZ
u d snkSjku vf/kd re fopy u d ks.k – C gks
xk, ;g vkiru d ks.k C ij gksxkA
2

(B*) lHkh vkiru d ks.kksad sfy , vf/kd re fopy u d ks.k  – 2C gS] t c vkiru d ks.kC lsFkks
M +k lk T;knk
gSA
(C*) ;fn vkiru d ks.k C lsd e gksrksvkiru d ks.k c<+kusij fopy u d ks.k c<+sxkA
(D*) ;fn vkiru d ks.k C lsT;knk gksrksvkiru d ks.k c<+kusij fopy u d ks.k ?kVsxkA
Sol.

22. A parachutist jumps from height 100 m. He is to reach at ground with zero velocity. For this
purpose he switches on a parachute propeller after falling freely for certain height. Given that after
the parachute propeller is switched on total acceleration of the man varies with velocity as a = –
2v, where v is the instantaneous velocity of the man. Choose the correct options for this situation.
(use g = 10m/s2).
(A*) Man switches on parachute propeller after falling freely for time 4 second.
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(B) Man swithces on parachute propeller after falling freely for time 2 second.
(C*) Distance covered by the man with parachute propeller switched on is 20 m.
(D) Distance covered by the man during free fall is 60 m.
,d iSjk'kqV /kkjh O;fDr 100 m Å pkbZlsd qnrk gSAog t ehu ij 'kwU; osx lsigqp uk pkgrk gSA bld sfy , og
d qN Å pkbZfxjusd si'pkr~iSjk'kqV [kksy rk gSA ;g fn;k gSfd iSjk'kqV [kksy usd si'pkr~O;fDr d k d qy Roj.k
osx d slkFk a = –2v d svuql kj ifjofrZr gksrk gSA, t gk¡v O;fDr d k rkR{kf.kd osx gSA bl fLFkfr d sfy , lgh
fod Yi pq
fu,& (g = 10m/s2).
(A*) O;fDr d ks4 lSd .M+i'pkr~isjk'kqV [kksy uk pkfg,A
(B) O;fDr d ks2 lSd .M+i'pkr~isjk'kqV [kksy uk pkfg,A
(C*) iS
jk'kqV [kqy usd si'pkr~O;fDr }kjk r; nwjh 20 eh- gSA
(D) O;fDr }kjk eqDr : i lsfxjusd h nwjh 60 eh gSA
Sol. After switching on parachuite propeller
iSjk'kwV [kksy usd si'pkr~

dv
v = –2V
dy
0 100

 dv = 2  dy
2gx 0 x0

2gx0 = 2(100–x0)

x02 – 205x0 + 10000 = 0


x0 = 80m

2(80)
 time of free fall eq
Dr : i lsfxjusd k le; t = = 4 sec
10

SECTION – 2 : (Maximum Marks : 72)

 This section contains 18 questions


 The answer to each question is a SINGLE DIGIT INTEGER ranging from 0 to 9, both inclusive
 For each question, darken the bubble corresponding to the correct integer in the ORS
 Marking scheme :
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+4 If the bubble corresponding to the answer is darkened
–1 In all other cases

[kaM 2 : (v f/kd re v ad : 72)


 bl [kaM esa18 iz'u gSaA
 izR;sd iz'u d k mÙkj 0 ls9 rd , nksuksa'kkfey ] d schp d k ,d ,d y v a
d h; iw.kk±d gSA
 izR;sd iz'u esa] vks- vkj- ,l- ij lgh iw.kk±d d svuq: i cqy cq
y sd ksd ky k d jsaA
 vad u ;kst uk :
+4 ;fn mÙkj d svuq: i cqy cqy sd ksd ky k fd ;k t k,A
–1 vU; lHkh voLFkkvksaesa

Integer
23. A bird is at a point P (4m, –1m, 5m) and sees two points P1 (–1m, – 1m, 0m) and P2 (3m, – 1m, –
3m). At time t = 0, it starts flying in a plane of the three positions, with a constant speed of 1 m/s in
a direction perpendicular to the straight line P1 P2 till it sees P1 and P2 collinear at time t. Find the
time t. ( in s)
,d i{kh fcUnqP (4m, –1m, 5m) ij gSrFkk ;g nksfcUnqv ksaP1 (–1m, – 1m, 0m) rFkkP2 (3m, – 1m, – 3m)
d ksns[krk gSA t = 0 le; ij ;g rhuksafLFkfr;ksad sry esa1 m/s d h fu;r pky lsljy js[kk P1 P2 d s
y Ecor~fn'kk esrc rd mM+rk gSt c rd fd ;g t le; ij P1 rFkk P2 d ksljS
f[kd ughans[k y srk gSA t le;
¼lSd .M esa½ Kkr d jksA

Ans. 7
Sol. (Tough) Let bird flying along PQR
ekuk i{kh PQR d svuqfn'k mM+jgk gS


PP1  5iˆ  5kˆ
  
P2P1  P1  P2  4iˆ  3kˆ

component of PP1 along P1P2 (PP1x)

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P1P2 d svuq
fn'k PP1 (PP1x) d k ?kVd
 
PP1 .P2P1 20  15
= =1

| P2P1 | 5

and rFkk PP1 = 50

From triangle PP1 Q

f=kHkqt PP1 Q esa


50 = (1)2 + (PQ)2
PQ = 7m
7
time le; = =7s
1
Ans. : 7 s

24. A particle is moving along a straight line. Its velocity varies as v = 6 – 2t where v is in m/s and t in
seconds. Find the difference between distance covered and magnitude of displacement in first 4
seconds.
,d d .k ljy js[kk d svuqfn'k xfr'khy gSA bld k osx le; d slkFk v = 6 – 2t }kjk fn;k t krk gS
A ;gk¡v,
m/s esarFkk t le; lSd .M esagSA izFke 4 lSd .M esad .k }kjk r; nwjh rFkk foLFkkiu d sifjek.k esvUrj Kkr
d jksA

Ans. 2
t 4

Sol. Displacement foLFkkiu =  vdt =  (6  2t)dt = 2m


0 0

4 3 4

Distance nw
jh =  | v | dt =  (6  2t)dt   (2t  6)dt = 10 m
0 0 3

 Distance – displacements nw
jh&foLFkkiu = 10 – 8 = – 2

25. A particle moves in a straight line along x-axis such that its acceleration along x-axis at any instant
1
is proportional to square of its velocity at that instant, porportionality constant being C = . If at t =
2
1
0, particle is at x = 0 and velocity at that instant is v0 = 1 – . Then find the position of particle at t
e
= 2sec in meters.
[x is in meters and t is in seconds] [Given : n e = 1]

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,d d .k x-v{k d svuqfn'k ljy js[kk esabl izd kj xfr d jrk gSfd x-v{k d svuqfn'k fd lh {k.k ij bld k
1
Roj.k ml {k.k ij bld sosx d soxZd slekuqikrh gksrk gSA lekuqikrh fu;rkad C = gSA ;fn t = 0 ij d .k
2
1
x = 0 ij gSrFkk ml {k.k osx v0 = 1 – gSrkst = 2sec ij d .k d h fLFkfr ehVj esaKkr d jksA
e

[x ehs
Vj esarFkkt lSd .M esagS] [fn;k x;k gS: n e = 1]

Ans. x = 2
Sol. a  v2
dv
(1) = CV2
dt
v t
1 dv
c v v 2   dt
0
0

v
1  1
. =t
c  v  v0

1  1 1  1 1 1 1
    =t  –  = ct  = – ct
c  v v0  v v0 v v0

v0
v=
(1  v 0 ct)

(2) from here, we obtain ;gk¡lsge izkIr d jrsgS


dx v0
=
dt 1  v 0 ct
x t
1 dt
v0  dx =
0
 1 v
0 0 ct

x 1 t
 =– n 1  v 0 ct  0
v0 cv 0

1 1
 x=– [ n [1  v 0 ct]  n 1]  x=– n [1  v 0 ct]
c c
(3) Putting values ekuksad ksizfrLFkkfir d jusij
1   1 1   1
x=– n 1   1  e  2 = – 2 n  
 1  2   e
 
2

so vr%, x = 2 n e
x=2m

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26. Two particles A and B move in x-y plane such that both have constant acceleration
 
a A  10 ˆj m/s2 and aB  5 ˆj m/s2 respectively. The velocities of particles at t = 0 are
 
u A  5 ˆi  20ˆj m/s and uB  2.5 ˆi  10 ˆj m/s. At time t = 0, particle A is at origin and particle B

is at point having coordinates (5 meters, 0). Find the instant of time in seconds at which angle
between velocity of A and velocity of B is 180°.

nksd .k A o B, x-y ry esabl izd kj xfr d jrsgSfd mud sfu;r Roj.k Ø e'k% aA  10 ˆj m/s2 rFkk
  
aB  5 ˆj m/s2 gSA t = 0 ij d .k d k osx uA  5 ˆi  20ˆj m/s rFkk uB  2.5 ˆi  10ˆj m/s gSA t = 0
ij ,d d .k A ewy fcUnqij gSrFkk d .k B ml fcUnqij gSft ld sfunsZ'kkad (5 meters, 0) gSA og le;
¼lSd .M esa½ Kkr d hft ;st c A rFkk B d sosxksad se/; d ks.k 180° gksxkA
Ans. 2
Sol. At t = 2 sec. y component of velocity of A and B is zero and x-components are in opposite
direction.
t = 2 lS
- ij A rFkk B d sosx d sy ?kVd 'kwU; gS,oaosx d sx ?kVd ijLij foijhr fn'kk esagksaxsA

27. A particle moves in a straight line such that it moves in the same direction but its speed decreases
uniformly with time to zero in time interval T = 10s. It travels a total distance 'S' = 12.5 m. Find the
velocity (in m/s) at any intermediate time t = 6.s.
,d d .k ljy js[kk esa bl izd kj xfr d jrk gS fd ;g leku fn'kk esa xfr d jrk gS fd Urq bld h pky
le;kUrjky T = 10s esa,d leku : i ls'kwU; rd ?kVrh gS
A ;g d qy 'S' = 12.5 m nwjh r; d jrk gSA bud s
e/; d sfd lh le; t = 6.s ij osx ¼m/s esa½ Kkr d jksaA
Ans. 1
Sol. Speed decreasing to zero uniformly. Let a be a positive constant (acceleration) then
pky ,d leku : i ls?kVrh gqbZ'kwU; gkst krh gSA ekuk a /kukRed fu;rkad ¼Roj.k½ gSA rksa
v = a (T – t)
T T
 1 2 aT 2 1
s= 0 v dt =  aTt  at  = aT 2– = aT 2
 2 0 2 2

2s
a=
T2
2S
v= (T – t)
T2
2S
Ans. v= (T – t) = 1 m/s
T2

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28. Hail stones falling vertically with a speed of 12 3 m/s hits the wind screen which makes an angle
30º with the horizontal. If car is running at velocity v(in m/s) so that the driver find the hailstones
v
striking perpendicular to the wind screen. Find the value of ?
2

12 3 m/s d h pky lsÅ /okZ/kj fxj jgsvksy s{kSfrt ls30º d ks.k cuk jgs,d d kj d svkxsoky sd kWp (wind
screen) ij Vd jkrsgS
A ;fn d kj v(m/s) osx lsbl izd kj xfr'khy gSrkfd pky d d ks,s
l k izrhr gksrk gSfd
v
vksy sd kj d sd kWp ij y Ecor~Vd jkrsgSA rc d k eku Kkr d jksA
2
Ans. 6
v
Sol. tan30º =
12 3

 v = 12 m/s
v
 = 6 m/s Ans.
2

29. Particle A starts from rest at t = 0 from x = 0 with constant acceleration to reach x = 1m at t = 1
second. Particle B starts with uniform velocity at t = 0 from x = 1m to reach x = 2m at t = 1 sec. The
distance covered, by particle B in the frame of reference attached to particle A from t = 0 to t = 1
sec. is x ×10–1 m. Find ‘x’.
d .k A, t = 0 ij x = 0 lst = 1 sec. ij x = 1m rd igq¡
p usd sfy , fu;r Roj.k lsfojke lspy uk çkjEHk
d jrk gSA d .k B , t = 0 ij x = 1m lst = 1sec ij x = 2m rd igq¡p usd sfy , ,d leku osx lspy uk
çkjEHk d jrk gSA d .k A lst qM +sfunsZ'k rU=k esale; t = 0 l st = 1 sec. d se/; d .k B }kjk r; d h xbZnwjh x
×10–1 m gS
A ‘x’ d k eku Kkr d jksA
Ans. 5
Sol. For A (A d sfy ,)

1 2
s = ut + at
2
1
1 = (0) (1) + (a)(1)2
2
aA = 2m/s2

vA = A + aAt

vA = 2t

For B. (B d sfy ,)

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uB = 1m/s

v B1A = 1 – 2t

v B1A = | 1 – 2t |

Distance nw
jh =  | 1– 2t | dt  0.5
0

30. Two points A and B are moving with the same speed u = 4 2 m/s in the positive direction of x–
axis and
y–axis respectively. Find the magnitude of relative velocity of C w.r.t. A (where C is the mid point of
AB).
nksfcUnqA rFkk B leku pky u = 4 2 m/s lsØ e'k% /kukRed x–v{k ,oa/kukRed y–v{k esaxfreku gSA ;fn
C, AB d k e/; fcUnqgks] rksC d k A d slkis{k osx d k ifjek.k Kkr d jks
A
Ans. 4 m/s

Sol. VA  u ˆi

V  ujˆ
B

Let at any time t, coordinate of point A and B be (x,0) and (0, y) respectively.
ekuk fd lh le; t ij fcUnqA rFkk B d sfunsZ'kkad (x,0) rFkk (0, y) gSA
Then, coordinate of point C (a,b) will be
fcUnqC d sfunsZ'kkad (a,b) gksxsa
x da 1 dx u
a= , = or Vx =
2 dt 2 dt 2
y db 1 dy u
and rFkkb = , = or Vy =
2 dt 2 dt 2

Hence velocity of C would be vr% C d k osx


 u u
VC  ˆi  ˆj
2 2
 Velocity of C with respect to A is : vr% C d k A d slkis{k osx
   uˆ uˆ  u
VCA  VC  VA =– i j VCA  = 4 m/s
2 2 2

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31. A man can swim with a velocity Vmw in still water. When the water moves with a velocity Vw , the
man crosses the river to and fro in minimum time T1. If the man intends to cross the river
perpendicularly, he takes time T2 for to and fro journey. Now he swims in the downstream and
comes back to his initial position by swiming upstream along the shore. For to and fro journey
(same distance) along the shore the man takes a time T3. If T1 = 3 sec and T3 = 12 sec. Find out
the value of T2 .

,d O;fDr fLFkj ikuh esaVmw osx lsrSj ld rk gSA t c ikuh Vwosx lsxfr d j jgk gS] O;fDr unh d ksU;wure
lEHko le; esaikj d jd sokfil vkusesale; T1 y srk gSA ;fn O;fDr unh d sizokg d sy Ecor~ikj d jd s
okfil vkusesaT2 le; y srk gSA vc O;fDr unh d scgko d h fn'kk esaunh d h pkSM +kbZd scjkcj nw
jh t kd j
okfil izkjfEHkd fLFkfr rd vkusesaT3 le; y srk gSA ;fn T1 = 3 sec rFkk T3 = 12 sec gSA T2 d k eku Kkr
d hft ,A
Ans. 6
2d
Sol. Ist case fLFkfr esa: T1 =
v m

2d
IInd case fLFkfr esa: T2 =
2 2
v m  v 

d d 2dv m
IIIrd case fLFkfr esa: T3 =  = 2 2
v m  v  v m  v  v m  v 

Then rc, T22 = T1T3

= 3 × 12  T2 = 6 sec.

32. A person is standing on a plank which starts slipping over a fixed smooth wedge from rest position
1
hence person also moves with plank. After second of motion begins he observed that rain is
2

7
falling vertically down ward. After sec. he again observed that rains is coming horizontally.
3
From the given information find the speed of rain w.r.t. ground. Find your answer in form of x m/s
and fill value of x in OMR sheet.
(use g = 10 m/s2)
,d O;fDr xqVd sij [kMk gqv k gSA xqVd k fp=kkuql kj t Mor~fpd usost ij fLFkjkoLFkk lsfQ ly uk iz
kjEHk
1
d jrk gS
A O;fDr Hkh xqVd sd slkFk xfr d juk izkjEHk d jrk gSA lSd .M i'pkr~og izsf{kr d jrk gSfd ckfj'k
2

7
m/okZ/kj fxj jgh gSA sec. i'pkr~og iqu% izsf{kr d jrk gSfd ckfj'k {kSfrt fn'kk lsvk jgh gSA nh xbZ
3

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lwp ukvksad svk/kkj ij ckfj'k d h t ehu d slkis{k pky Kkr d jksaA viuk mÙkj x m/s d s: i esaKkr d jksaA rFkk
x d k eku OMR 'khV esaHkjks
A
(g = 10 m/s2)

Ans. 6
Sol. Vrx = V1 cos 37º = (g sin 37º t1) cos 37º

Vry = V2 sin 37º = g sin2 37º t2

Vr = Vr2x  Vr2y

10  3 2
= 16t1  9t 22
25
6
= 4  21  6m / s
5

33. A ball is thrown from the roof of a building of height 44m with speed v0 at an angle  below the

X
horizontal. It lands 2 seconds later at a point 30m from the base of the building. If tan  = then,
10
find the value of X. (Take g = 10 m/s2)
,d xsan d ks44m Å ph ehukj d h Nr lsv0 pky ls{kSfrt d suhps d ks.k ij Q sad k t krk gSA ;g ehukj d s
X
vk/kkj ls30m nqjh ij fLFkr ,d fcUnqij 2 lSd .M esaigqp rh gSA ;fn tan  = rksX d k eku Kkr d jks.
10
(g = 10 m/s2)

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Ans. 8
Sol. With the origin at the base
vk/kkj ij ewy fcUnqd slkFk
1
x = v0cos . t, y = 44 – v0sint – (10) t2
2
putting t = 2 sec and y = 0 , x = 30
t = 2 sec rFkk y = 0 ij j[ksu ij , x = 30
24
v0cos = 15 and rFkk v0sin = = 12
2

12 X 8
tan = = =
15 10 10
Hence vr% X = 8

34. A particle is projected up an inclined plane of inclination  to the horizontal as shown. The angle of
projection of particle with horizontal is . If the particle strikes the plane horizontally, then tan  =
tan 
. Find the value of x.
x
{kSfrt ls >qd ko oky sur ry ij ,d d .k d ksÅ ij d h vksj fp=kkuql kj iz{ksfir fd ;k t krk gSA {kSfrt d s
tan 
lkFk d .k d k iz{ksI; d ks.k  gSA ;fn d .k ry ij {ksfrt r% Vd jkrk gS] rkstan  = ,x d k eku Kkr
x

d jksA

Ans. x = 2
Sol. As the particle strikes the plane horizontally so its velocity is parallel to horizontal axis and vertical
velocity is zero.
D;ksafd d .k ry ij {kSfrt r% Vd jkrk gSvr% bld k osx {kSfrt i`"B d slekUrj gksxk rFkk m/okZ/kj osx 'kwU;
gksxkA
 In vertical direction, 0 = u sin – gt
 m/okZ
/kj fn'kk esa0 = u sin – gt
 2u sin( –  ) 
or, ;k] u sin  = g  
 gcos  

or, ;k] sin  cos  = 2 [sin  cos  – cos  sin ]

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2 cos  sin  = sin  cos 
 2 tan  = tan  or ;k [tan  = 1/2 tan ].

35. If the projectile hits the inclined plane perpendicularly when thrown horizontally with v0 from a

2gH
tower of height H as shown then the value of is
(v 0 )2

;fn n'kkZ;svuql kj H Å ¡p kbZd h ehukj ls,d ç{ks


i d ks{kSfrt osx v0 lsQ sad rsgSrFkk ;g ç{ksi urry ij
2gH
y Ecor~Vd jkrk gSA rc d k eku gS&
(v 0 )2

Ans. 5
Sol.

ax = – g sin 30º
ay = g cos 30º
ux = V0 cos 30º
uy = V0 sin 30º
Vx = ux + axt

V0 3 g
0=  t
2 2

V0 3
t= ............(i)
g
Sy = uyt + ayt2

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1
(H cos 30º – 0) = V0 sin 30º t + g cos 30º t2 ............(ii)
2
From (i) & rFkk (ii) ls,

2gH
 2
= 5.
V0

x
36. One particle each projected from point A and B. If at time t = , both particles collide in air (both
10
particles collide in air before any of them strike on ground or inclined). Than value of x will be :
x
nksd .kksad ksA o B lsç{ksfir fd ;k t krk gSA ;fn nksauksd .k t = le; ij gok esaVd jkrsgSA ¼nksauksd .k
10

gok esaVd jkrsgSvkS


j bllsigy sd ksbZHkh d .k lrg ;k urry lsughaVd jkrsgSA ½ rc x d k eku gksxk &

Ans. x=8
10 4y / 5
Sol. w.r.t particle B, tan  = = 
20 3y / 5  10

10 4y / 5
 d .kB d slkis{k tan  = = 
20 3y / 5  10

  3y + 50 = 8y ; y = 10m
10  6 4
time le; = = sec.
20 5
 x=8

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37. A particle is projected up with 15 m/s perpendicular to the incline. (see fig.) . If the particle hits the
R
incline at a distance R (in meter) from the point of projection then find the value of ? (g = 10
5
m/s2)
,d d .k (fp=k esa) urry d sy Ecor~15 m/s osx lsÅ ij d h vksj iz{ksfir fd ;k t krk gSA ;fn d .k urry ij
R
iz{ksi.k fcUnqlsR (ehVj d ks) nw
jh ij Vd jkrk gSrks d k eku Kkr d jksaA (g = 10 m/s2)
5

Ans. 6
Sol. For motion  to incline urry d sy Ecor~xfr d sfy ,

1
0 = 15 t – (g cos 30º) t2 ..................(i)
2
for motion along the incline urry d svuqfn'k xfr d sfy ,
1
R=0+ (g sin 30º) t2 ..................(ii)
2
Solving (i) & (ii) (i) o (ii) d ksgy d jusij
R
we get ge izkIr d jrsgSA R = 30 m  =6m
5

9
38. A man of mass m starts moving w.r.t. a platform of mass 2m with a velocity u  m / s as shown
13
in the figure. The platform is fitted with a concave mirror of focal length f. The velocity of image (in
m/s) at the initial moment is :
9
m nzO;eku d k ,d O;fDr 2m nzO;eku d sIy sVQ keZd slkis{k u  m / s lsfp=kkuql kj xfr d j jgk gSA
13
Iy sVQ kWeZf Q ksd l nwjh d svory niZ.k lst qM +k gqv k gSA çkjfEHkd {k.k ij çfrfcEc d k osx (m/s esa) gksxkA

Ans. 3m/s
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f
Sol. Magnification vko/kZ
u m
3f
f 
2
 m = –2
2
Taking the direction in the right hand side Vim   m Vom

nka;h vksj fn'kk y susij Vim   m 2 Vom

 velocity of image w.r.t. mirror niZ.k d slkis{k çfrfcEc d k ossx


Vim 

 velocity of object w.r.t mirror niZ.k d slkis{k oLrqd k osx


Vom 

 Vim  4u
 mu u
Vm   velocity of platform (minor) Iy sVQ keZ(niZ.k) d k osx
  
m  2m 3
Vim  Vi  Vm
Vi 
 velocity of image w.r.t ground t ehu d slkis{k çfrfcEc d k os
x
4
 Vi = –4 u 
3
13
Vi   u
3
Vi = 3m/s

39. When an object is placed at a distance of 25 cm from a concave mirror, the magnification is m1.
The object is moved 15 cm further away from the mirror with respect to the earlier position, and the
magnification becomes m2. If m1/m2 = 4 then find the focal length (in decimeter) of the mirror
(Assume image is real and m1, m2 are numerical values of transverse magnification of the image)

t c ,d oLrqd ks,d vory niZ.k ls25 cm nwj j[kk t krk gSrksvko/kZu m1 gSA oLrq d ksiwoZfLFkfr lsniZ.k
d slkis{k 15 cm nwj f[kld k;k t krk gSrc vko/kZu m2 gkst krk gSA ;fn m1/m2 = 4 rksniZ.k d h Q ksd l nwjh
(Ms
l hehVj esa) Kkr d jksA ekuuk gSfd çfrfcEc okLrfod gSrFkk m1 vkSj m2 çfrfcEc d svuqçLFk vko/kZu d k
xf.krh; eku gSA
Ans 2
1 1 1
Sol. =  ............(i)
f 25 m1  25

1 1 1
= –
f 25  15 m2 .40

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1 1 1 1  25 
=  =    1
40 m1 40 10  f 
.40
4
40 1
f=   1.5 = 20 = 2 decimeter
3 15

40. A man is sitting in a room at 2 m from a wall W 1 wants to see the full height of the wall W 2 behind
him 4 m high and 6 m away from the facing wall W 1. What is the minimum vertical length in meter
of mirror on the facing wall required for the purpose ?
,d d ejsesa,d O;fDr nhokj W 1 ls2 m nwjh ij cSBk gSA ;g viusihNs 4m Å ¡p h ,oalkeusd h nhokj W1
ls 6m nwjh ij fLFkr W2 nhokj d h iwjh Å ¡p kbZns[kuk pkgrk gSA bl m) s'; d sfy , lkeusd h nhokj W 1 ij
y xsniZ.k d h Å /okZ/kj y EckbZd e lsd e fd ruh gksuh pkfg,
Ans. 1

Sol.

Let the min. length of mirror be L


ekuk niZ.k d h U;wure y EckbZL gSA
L 2
 =  L=1m
4 8

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Course : JR-PT-1 (E-LPD)
Test Date : 16-08-2015
Test Type : (JEE ADVANCED PATTERN)
Paper
Time Duration : 2 Hrs.
SYLLABUS:
Mole Concept, QMM and Periodic Table

IUPAC NOMENCLATURE & STRUCTURAL ISOMERISM

Test Pattern :
(P5) Pattern-5 (2 HRS. EACH SUBJECT)
S.No. Subject Nature of Questions No. of Questions Marks Negative Total
1 to 22 Maths/ MCQ 22 4 –2 88
Physics/
23 to 40 Chemistry Integer type (Single Digit) 18 4 –1 72
Total 40 Total 160

Physical Inorganic paper Organic paper


MCQ (14) MCQ (8)
Integer type (Single) 11 Integer type (Single) 7

CHEMISTRY
MCQ (22)
1. Which of the following statement is correct for 3dxy orbitals?

(A*) It has two nodal planes, xz and yz.


(B) The minimum probability point lie along  = 45º.
(C) + ve and – ve signs represent charge.
(D*) It is a non-axial orbital.
3dxy d {kd d slUnHkZes ad kSulk@d kSulsd Fku lgh gS@ gSa?

(A*) n'kkZ
;k x;k d {kdnksuksMy ry xz o yz j[krk gSA
(B)  = 45º d svuq
fn'k U;wure izkf;d rk fcUnqgksrk gSA

Page # 1
(C) + ve o – ve fpUg vkos
'k d ksiznf'kZr d jrsgS
A
(D*) ;g ,d fuj{kh; d {kd gS
A
Sol. These are the fact.
;g rF; gSA
16 2 
2. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding 6.4g of 8O ion :

24
(A*) Total number of proton present is about 1.92 × 10 .
(B*) Total number of electrons present is 4NA
(C) Magnitude of net charge on sample is 0.4 NAC (Coulomb.)
(D*) Total number of neutrons present is 3.2 NA
16 2 
8O vk;u d s6.4 xzke d slEcU/k esafuEu esalsd kSulk@d kSulsd Fku lgh gS@ gSa?
24
(A*) mifLFkr iz ksVkWuksad h d qy la[;k1.92 × 10 gSA
(B*) mifLFkr by s DVªkWuksad h d q
y la[;k 4NA gSA
(C) uewusij d qy vkos'k d k ifjek.k 0.4 NAC (d wy ke) gS A
(D*) mifLFkr U;w VªkWuksad h d qy la[;k 3.2 NA gSA
6.4 24
Sol. Total number of proton present =  N A  8 = 3.2 NA = 1.926 × 10
16
6.4 24
mifLFkr izksVkWuksad h d qy la[;k=  N A  8 = 3.2 NA = 1.926 × 10
16
6.4
Total number of electrons present = × NA × 10 = 4NA
16
6.4
mifLFkr by sDVªkWuksad h d qy la[;k= × NA × 10 = 4NA
16
6.4
Magnitude of net charge on sample = × NA × 2e = 0.8 NAeC
16
6.4
uewusij d qy vkos'k d k ifjek.k = × NA × 2e = 0.8 NAeC
16
6.4
Total number of neutrons present = × NA × 8 = 3.2 NA
16
6.4
mifLFkr U;wVªkWuksad h d qy la[;k = × NA × 8 = 3.2 NA
16

3. Ammonia (NH3) gas combines with oxygen gas over Pt catalyst to produce Nitric oxide (NO) and water. If
13.6 g of NH3 gas is taken initially, then :

(A*) Volume of oxygen gas required at NTP is 22.4 L


(B*) Volume of H2O() produced at 4° C (assuming density of water as 1000 Kg/m3) is 21.6 mL.
(C*) Total mass of products obtained is 45.6 g.
(D*) Number of moles of NO produced is 0.8.
Pt mRis
zjd d h mifLFkfr esa veksfu;k xSl (NH3), vkWDlht u xSl (O2) ls t qM +d j ukbfVªd vkWDlkbM (NO) ,oa t y
mRikfnr d jrh gSA ;fn izkjEHk esa13.6 g NH3 xSl y h t k;s] rks%
(A*) NTP ij vkW Dlht u xSl d s22.4 L vk;ru d h vko';d rk gksxhA
(B*) 4°C rki ij mRiUu H2O() d k vk;ru 21.6 mL gS A ¼ekuk t y d k ?kuRo 1000 Kg/m3 gS½
(C*) iz
kIr mRiknksad k d qy Hkkj 45.6 g gSA
(D*) NO d smRikfnr eks y ksad h la[;k 0.8 gSA

Page # 2
Sol. 4NH3 + 5O2  4NO + 6H2O
13.6 5
Volume of oxygen required at NTP =   22.4 = 22.4 L
17 4
13.6 6
Mass of water produced =   18 = 21.6 g
17 4
volume of H2O () = 21.6 mL ( dH2O = 1000 Kg/m3 = 1 g/mL)
13.6 4
moles of NO produced = = = 0.8
17 5
Mass of NO produced = 0.8  30 = 24 g
Total mass of products = mNO + mH2O = 24 + 21.6 = 45.6 g

Sol. 4NH3 + 5O2  4NO + 6H2O


13.6 5
NTP ij O2 d k vko';d vk;ru =   22.4 = 22.4 L
17 4
13.6 6
t y d k mRikfnr Hkkj =   18 = 21.6 g
17 4
H2O () d k vk;ru = 21.6 mL ( dH2O = 1000 Kg/m3 = 1 g/mL)
13.6 4
NO d smRikfnr eks
y = = = 0.8
17 5
NO d k mRikfnr Hkkj = 0.8  30 = 24 g
mRiknksad k d qy Hkkj = mNO + mH2O = 24 + 21.6 = 45.6 g
+
4. Which is/are correct about the K ion

(A*) For the last electron n = 3,  = 1 (B) Eight electrons have m = 0


(C*) Six electron have (n +) = 4 (D*) It's spin magnetic moment () is Zero.
+
K vk;u d sckjses algh gS@ gSa%
(A*) vfUre by sDVªkWu d sfy ;sn = 3,  = 1 (B) vkB by sDVªkWu m = 0 eku j[krsgSaA
(C*) N% by s
DVªkWu (n +) = 3 eku j[krsgSa (D*) bld k pØ .k pq Ecd h; vk?kw.kZ() 'kwU; gSA
+ 2 2 6 2 6
Sol. 19K = 1s , 2s 2p , 3s 3p

5. In which of the following arrangements, the order is correct according to the property indicated against it:

(A*) increasing size : Cu2+ < Cu+ < Cu (B) increasing EA1 (magnitude): Te < Se < O < S
(C*) increasing EA1 (magnitude) :  < Br < F < Cl (D) increasing E1 : Li < Na < K < Rb
fuEufy f[kr O;oLFkkvksaesals] Ø e d svkxsfy [ksx;sxq.kksad svuql kj lgh Ø e esagS@ gSa%
(A*) c<+rk gqv k vkd kj : Cu2+ < Cu+ < Cu (B) c<+rh gqbZEA1 (ifjek.k) : Te < Se < O < S
(C*) c<+rh gqbZEA1 (ifjek.k) :  < Br < F < Cl (D) c<+rh gqbZE1 : Li < Na < K < Rb
Sol. Increasing EA1 (magnitude): O < Te < Se < S
c<+rh gqbZEA1 (ifjek.k) : O < Te < Se < S

6. Which of the following has/have no unit ?


(A*) Electronegativity (B) Electron gain enthalpy
(C) Ionisation enthalpy (D*) Metallic character

\\server-1\Session 2015-16\JEE ADVANCED\CHEMISTRY\Sheets\Class-XI\Inorganic Chemistry\Periodic Table & Properties\With Answer\MCQ


Q.13)

fuEufy f[kr esalsfd ld h@fd ud h d ksbZbd kbZughagksrh gS\


(A*) fo|qr_ .krk (B) by sDVªkWu xzg.k ,UFkS
Yih
(C) vk;uu ,UFkS Yih (D*) /kkfRod xq .k

Page # 3
7. W hich of the following statements is/are true ?

(A*) Among Sc 3+ , Cl & Ca 2+ , the Sc 3+ ion is smallest.


(B*) Among Al, Ar & Mg, the E 1 is smallest for Al.


(C*) Among Na, Mg & Al, the E 2 of Mg is the smallest.
(D) Oxidising power of halogens decreases with decrease in their atomic number.
fuEu esalsd kSulk d Fku lR; gS@ gSa?
(A*) Sc 3 + , Cl  o Ca 2 + es
als]Sc 3 + vk;u lclsNksVk gks
rk gSA
(B*) Al, Ar o Mg es als]Al d k E 1 lclsd e gksrk gSA
(C*) Na, Mg o Al esals] Mg d k E 2 lclsd e gksrk gSA
(D) gS
y kst uksad h vkWDlhd kjh {kerk] ijek.kqØ ekad esad eh d slkFk d e gksrh t krh gSA
8. 1.2 Kg of iron pyrites (FeS2) is roasted to convert sulphur in (FeS2) to SO2 with 80% efficiency. It is then
nd
oxidised to SO3 which is then absorbed in water to give H2SO4. If % yield of each of 2 reactions is either
60% or 30% then amount of H2SO4 can be :

1.2 Kg vk;ju ikbjkbV (FeS2) 80% n{krk d slkFk Hkft Zr gksd j (FeS2) esamifLFkr lYQ j d ksSO2 esaifjofrZr d jrs
gSaA ;g fQ j SO3 esavkWDlhd r̀ gkst krk gSt kst y esavo'kksf"kr gksd j H2SO4 nsrk gSA ;fn izR;sd f}rh; vfHkfØ ;kvksad h
izfr'kr y fC/k ;k rks60% ;k30% gks] rksH2SO4 d h ek=kk fuEu gksld rh gS%
(A) 6.82 mol (B*) 1.44 mol (C) 3.62 mol (D*) 5.76 mol
Sol. FeS2  2SO2
1200
16 mol (80%)
120
= 10 mol
60% or 30% 60% ;k30%
SO2     SO3
16 16 × 0.6 or 16 × 0.3
60% or 30% 60% ;k30%
SO3 + H2O     H2SO4
16 × 0.6 16 × 0.6 × 0.6 = 5.76 mol
or or
16 × 0.3 16 × 0.3 × 0.3 = 1.44 mol

9. If value of n +  + m = 4 then which options follow this :

(A) No electron in F (B*) 3 or 4 electrons in Cl


(C) 5 electrons in Ca (D*) 7 electrons in Mn
;fn n +  + m = 4 gSrc d kSulk d Fku lgh gSa\
(A) F es
ad ksbZby sDVªkWu ughagks rkA (B*) Cl es
a3 ;k 4 by sDVªkWu gksrsgSaA
(C) Ca esa5 by sDVªkWu gksrsgSaA (D*) Mn esa7 by sDVªkWu gksrsgSaA
Sol. n +  + m = 4
4 0 0 4s
3 1 0 one 3p orbital
3 2 –1 one 3d orbital
2 1 1 one 2p orbital
only these orbitals are satisfying given condition and now write the configuration of each and count the
electrons.

gy - n +  + m = 4
4 0 0 4s
3 1 0 ,d 3p d {kd
3 2 –1 ,d 3d d {kd
2 1 1 ,d 2p d {kd

Page # 4
nh xbZifjfLFkfr d svuql kj d soy mijksDr d {kd izkIr gks
rsgSA vr% izR;sd d k by sDVªkWfu; foU;kl fy [kd j by sDVªkWuksa
d ksfxu ld rsgSA
10. 64g of sulphur and 128 g of Oxygen are made to combine according to the following unbalanced reaction :
S + O2  SO3
Then, select the correct option(s) :
(A*) Sulphur is the limiting reagent.
(B*) 2 moles of SO3 will be produced.
(C*) 1 mole of excess reagent is left behind.
(D*) Sum of number of moles of the reactants and products present finally is 3.

64g lYQ j rFkk 128 g vkWDlht u fuEu vlUrqfy r vfHkfØ ;k d svuql kj t qM +rsgS%
S + O2  SO3
rc] lgh fod Yi@fod Yiksad k p;u d hft ,:
(A*) lYQ j lhekUr vfHkd eZd gSA
(B*) 2 eks
y SO3 mRiUu gksxsaA
(C*) 1 eks
y vkf/kD; vfHkd eZd 'ks"k cprk gSA
(D*) vUr esamifLFkr vfHkd kjd rFkk mRiknksad seksy ksad h la[;k d k ;ksx 3 gSA

Sol. 2S + 3O2  2SO3


64 128
Mole =2 =4 =0
32 32
(LR)
 Moles of O2 (ER) left = 4 – 3 = 1
no. of moles of SO3 produced = 2
no. of moles of O2 left + no. of moles of SO3 produced = 1 + 2 = 3
Sol. 2S + 3O2  2SO3
64 128
eksy =2 =4 =0
32 32
(LR)
 O2 (ER) d s'ks"k eksy = 4 – 3 = 1
mRiUu SO3 d seksy ksad h la[;k = 2
'ks"k O2 d seksy ksad h la[;k + mRiUu SO3 d seksy ksad h la[;k = 1 + 2 = 3

11. Which of the following will be same for Glucose and Acetic acid ?

(A) Molar mass (B*) Empirical formula mass


(C*) % of carbon by mass (D*) Empirical formula

Xy wd kst rFkk ,lhfVd vEy d sfy , fuEu esalsd kSu leku gksxsa\
(A) eks y j nzO;eku (B*) ew
y kuqikrh lw=k nzO;eku
(C*) d kcZ u d k % nzO;eku d svuql kj (D*) ewy kuqikrh lw=k
Sol. Refer notes.
uksV~l nsa[ksA
12. Which of the following is/are correct order regarding radius ?
fuEu esalsd kSulk@d kSulsf=kT;k d slEcU/k esalgh Ø e gS@ gSa
\

(A) Be+2 < B+3 < Li+ (B*) B+3 < Be+2 < Li+
(C*) F –  O –2  N –3 (D*) B < Ga < Al

Page # 5
Sol. Fact.
rF;

13. Dissolving 120 g of urea (molar mass 60) in 990 g of water gave a solution of density 1.11 g/ml. Select the
correct statements:

(A*) Molarity of solution is 2 M. (B*) Molality of solution is 2.02 m.


(C) Molarity of solution is 1.78 M (D*) Mole fraction of urea is 0.035.

990 xzke t y esa;wfj;k(eksy j nzO;eku 60) d s120 xzke ?kksy st krsgS] rks1.11 g/ml ?kuRo oky k ,d foy ;u izkIr gksrk
gSA lgh d Fkuksad k pquko d hft ,&
(A*) foy ;u d h eksy jrk2 M gSA (B*) foy ;u d h eks y y rk2.02 m gSA
(C) foy ;u d h eksy jrk1.78 M gSA (D*) ;w fj;k d k eksy izHkkt 0.035 gSA
Sol. Mass of solute = 120 g
Mass of water = 990 g
Mass of solution = 1110 g
 m  1110
Volume of Solution   = mL = 1000 mL
d 1.11
Now Milli mole = M × Vin mL
120 M  1110
× 1000 =
60 1.11
M=2
molality of solution
M  1000
m=
1000  d – M Murea
m = 2.02
120
mole fraction of urea = 60
120 990

60 18
2
= = 0.035
2  55
Sol. foy s; d k nzO;eku = 120 g
t y d k nzO;eku = 990 g
foy ;u d k nzO;eku = 1110 xzke
m 1110
foy ;u d k vk;ru   = mL = 1000 mL
d 1.11
vc] fey h eksy = M × VmL esa
120 M  1110
× 1000 =
60 1.11
M=2
foy ;u d h eksy y rk
M  1000
m=
1000  d – M M;wfj;k
m = 2.02
120
;wfj;k d k eksy izHkkt = 60
120 990

60 18
2
=
2  55
= 0.035

Page # 6
14. The process(es) requiring the absorption of energy is/are :
fuEu esalsd kSulsiz
Ø e@izØ eksaesaÅ t kZvo'kksf"kr gksrh gS@ gSa\
\\server-1\Session 2014-15\TEST PAPERS\JEE ADVANCED\VISHESH (JD)\2. 15-06-2014 (CT-1)\Chemistry\1. JD1 TO JD5 & JH1 to JH3\MCQ(52)

(A) Cl  Cl– (B*) S  S2– (C) H  H– (D*) Ar  Ar –

Sol. (B, D)
(B) Addition of second electron to S– is opposed by electrostatic repulsion due to same charge. Hence
energy is given for the addition of IInd electron.
(D) Ar has stable electronic confiugration (ns2 np6). Hence energy has to be given to add an extra electron
to form Ar –
gy & (B) S– es
af}rh; by sDVªkWu t ksM +usij leku vkos'k d sd kj.k fLFkj fo|qr izfrd "kZ.k gksrk gSA vr% f}rh; by sDVªkWu t ks
M +us
esaÅ t kZnh t krh gSA
(D) Ar esaLFkk;h by sDVªkWfud foU;kl (ns2 np6) gksrk gSA vr% vfrfjDr by sDVªkWu t ksM +d j Ar – cukusesaÅ t kZnsuh iM+rh
gSA

15.

Which alkyl group is attached directly to the cyclohexane ring in this compound?
(A) Isopropyl (B*) t-Butyl (C*) Isobutyl (D*) Neopentyl

mijksDr ;kSfxd esad kSuls,fYd y lewg lkbDy ks


gSDlsu oy ; lslh/kst qM +sgq;sgSA
(A) vkblks
izks
fiy (B*) t-C;w
fVy (C*) vkblks
C;qfVy (D*) fu;ks
isfUVy
Sol. In the given compound isopropyl group is not attached directely to the cyclohexane ring.
fn;s;kSfxd esavkblksiz
ksfiy lewg lkbDy ksgSDlsu oy ; lslh/kst qM +k gqv k ughagSA

16. Professor I.L. Finar instructed his student to convert the -Amino acid (X) into a new compound (Y) in
which the –NH2 group is replaced by –COOH group. The student was confused in writing the correct
IUPAC names of these two compounds. The correct IUPAC names of X and Y will be respectively.

(X) =

(A) 2-Ethyl-2-amino ethanoic acid, 2-Ethyl-2-carboxy ethanoic acid


(B*) 2-Aminobutanoic acid, Ethylpropanedioic acid
(C) 2-Aminobutanoic acid, 2-Carboxybutanoic acid
(D) 2-Carboxypropan-1-amine, Propane-1, 1-dicarboxylic acid.
izksQ sl j I.L. Finar usviusfo|kFkhZd ks,d mnkgj.k fn;k ft lesa-vehuksvEy (X) d ks,d u;s;kSfxd (Y) ft lesa
–NH2 lew g d ks–COOH lew g }kjk izfrLFkkfir fd ;k x;k Fkk] esaifjofrZr d jusd sfy, fn;kA bu nksuksa;kSfxd d s
IUPAC uke fy [kusesafo|kFkhZd ksmy >u (confused) gqv kA X vkSj Y d k lgh IUPAC uke gksxkA

Page # 7
(X) =

(A) 2-,fFky -2-,ehuks,Fks


ukWbd vEy , 2-,fFky -2-d kcksZDlh ,Fks
ukWbd vEy
(B*) 2-,ehuks C;wVsukWbd vEy , ,fFkyizksisuMkbZv kWbd vEy
(C) 2-,ehuks C;wVsukWbd vEy , 2-d kcksZDlhC;wVsukWbd vEy
(D) 2-d kcks
ZDlhizksisu-1-,sehu, iz
ksisu-1, 1-MkbZd kWcksZfDlfy d vEy

Sol. X= Y=

2-Aminobutanoic acid Ethylpropanedioic acid


2-,ehuks
C;wVsukWbd vEy ,fFky izks
isuMkbvkWbd vEy

17. How many of them are phenolic compounds (have phenolic group) ? (A*) Vanillin (B*)
Salicylaldehyde (C*) Glycerol (D*) Catechol
fuEu esalsfd rusfQ ukWfy d ;kSfxd gS¼fQ ukW fy d lewg j[krsgS½ \
(A*) os
fuy hu (B*) lsfy fly sfYMgkbM (C*) fXy ljkW
y (D*) d s
Vsd kWy

18. Aspirin is a pain relieving drug. It is an 2-Alkanoyloxybenzoic acid, having molecular formula (C9H8O4). Its
structure is :
,Lizhu ,d nnZfuokjd vkS"k/kh gS] ;g 2-,Yd sukW;y vkWDlhcsUt kWbd vEy gSft ld k v.kql w=k (C9H8O4) gSA bld h lajpuk
gksxh %

(A) (B*)

(C) (D)

Sol.

Aspirin (2-Ethanoyloxybenzoic acid)


,Lizhu (2-,sFksukW;y vkWDlhcsUt kW
bd vEy )

19. Which of the following IUPAC name is/are correct ?

(A*) Benzene carbonyl chloride

Page # 8
(B) 3-Cyano benzenamide

(C*) Phenyl ethanoate

(D*) Ethanoic propanoic anhydride

fuEu esalsd kSulk@d kSulsIUPAC uke lgh gSa&

(A*) csUt hud kcksZfuy Dy ksjkbM (B) 3-lk;uks


csUt hus,ekbM

(C*) Q sfuy ,sFksukW


,V (D*) ,FksukWbd iz
ksisukWbd ,ugkbMªkbM

Sol. 3-Cyano benzenecarboxamide ¼3-lk;ukscs


Ut hud kcksZDlsekbM½

20. Which of the following are functional isomers of methyl ethanoate ?


fuEu esalsd kSulsesfFky ,FksukW,V d sfØ ;kRed leko;oh gksaxs\
O
||
CH3 C
(A*) CH3–CH2–COOH (B*) CH H
|
OH
O O
|| ||
(C*) CH 3 – O – CH 2 – C – H (D*) CH 2 – C – CH3
|
OH
Sol. All have different functional groups than ester.
lHkh esa,LVj lsfHkUu fØ ;kRed lewg gS
A

21. Select the correct relationship.

(A*) and are fuctional isomers

Page # 9
(B*) and are chain isomers

(C) and are chain isomers

(D*) and are metamers

lgh lEcU/k d k p;u d hft , &


OH OH

(A*) o fØ ;kRed leko;oh gSaA

(B*) o Jà[ky k leko;oh gSaA

(C) o Jà[ky k leko;oh gSa


A

(D*) o e/;ko;oh gSaA

Sol. (C) and are homologs.

(C) o let kr gSaA

22. Select the structures with correct numbering for IUPAC name of the compound.
fuEu ;kSfxd ksad sIUPAC uked j.k d sfy ;slgh Ø ekad u oky h lajpukvksad k p;u d hft ;s&

(A) (B*) (C) (D*)

Sol. & represent correct numbering

Sol. rFkk esalgh Ø ekad u fd ;k x;k gSA

Integer type (Single) 18

Page # 10
23
23. Find the weight of a sample(in g) which contains 0.5 mole of Ne gas and about 1.505 ×10 molecules of
an unknown gas X. If the sample has average molar mass 100 g/mole. Report your answer dividing the
weight of sample by 15.

kn'kZd k Hkkj (xzke esa) Kkr d hft ,] ft lesaNe xSl d s0.5 eksy rFkk ,d vKkr xSl X d sy xHkx 1.505 ×1023
,d iz
v.kqgSA ;fn izkn'kZd k vkSl r eksy j nzO;eku 100 g/mol gSrksviuk mÙkj] izkn'kZd sHkkj d ks15 lsHkkx nsusd si'pkr~
nhft ,A
Ans. 5
total weight
Sol. Average Molar mass =
total moles
total weight total weight
100 = 23
=
1.505  10 0.5  0.25
0.5 
6.023  1023
total weight
100 =  total weight = 100 × 0.75 = 75
0.75

75
 =5
15

d qy Hkkj
vkSl r eksy j nzO;eku =
d qy eksy
d qy Hkkj d qy Hkkj
100 = 23
=
1.505  10 0.5  0.25
0.5 
6.023  10 23
d qy Hkkj
100 =  d qy Hkkj = 100 × 0.75 = 75
0.75

75
 =5
15
24. Mole fraction of solute in solution is 0.25. What is the moles of solvent in solution having 1 mole of solute?

,d foy ;u esafoy s; d h eksy fHkUu 0.25 gSA 1 eksy foy s; j[kusoky sfoy ;u esafoy k;d d seksy ksad h la[;k fd ruh
gksxh \

Ans. 3
0.75
Sol. nsolvent = ×1=3
0.25
0.75
nfoy k;d = ×1=3
0.25

25. 27 Kg of SO2Cl2 is reacted with excess of NaOH completely. If the difference between masses of Na2SO4
and NaCl produced is x Kg, then x is :
(SO2Cl2 + NaOH Na2SO4 + NaCl + H2O)
27 Kg SO2Cl2, NaOH d svkf/kD; d slkFk iw.kZr% vfHkfØ ;k d jrk gSA ;fn mRIkkfnr Na2SO4 o NaCl d snzO;ekuksad s
e/; vUrj x Kg gS, rc x d k eku Kkr d hft , :
(SO2Cl2 + NaOH Na2SO4 + NaCl + H2O)

Page # 11
Ans. 5 Kg
Sol. SO2Cl2 + 4NaOH  Na2SO4 + 2NaCl + 2H2O
27000
moles ¼eks
y ½= =200 200 moles ¼eks
y½ 400 moles ¼eks

135
m = 200 × 142 g m = 400 × 58.5 g
= 28.400 Kg = 23.4 Kg
x = 28.4 – 23.4 = 5 Kg.
26. If H2SO4 is formed from it’s elements by taking 6.023 × 1023 atom of ‘O’ 5.6 litre of H2 gas at STP and 8 g S.
. How many of the following conclusions are correct based on this information ?

(i) 0.125 moles of H2SO4 are formed


(ii) 0.25 moles of H2SO4 are formed
(iii) no moles of ‘S’ are left
(iv) 1/4 mole of O2 is left
(v) 1/2 mole of H2 is left
;fn H2SO4 viusla?kVd rRoksa'O' d s6.023 × 1023 ijek.kq] STP ij H2 xSl d s5.6 y hVj vkSj S d s8 xzke lscuk gS]
rksfuEu esalsfd rusfu"d "kZbl lwp uk d svk/kkj ij lgh gS\
(i) H2SO4 d s0.125 eks y cursgSaA
(ii) H2SO4 d s0.25 eks y cursgSaA
(iii) ‘S’ d sd ks
bZeksy 'ks"k ughajgrsgSA
(iv) O2 d s1/4 eks y 'ks"k jgrsgSaA
(v) gkbMª kst u d s 1/2 eksy 'ks"k jgrsgSA
Ans. 2
Sol. (ii + iii)
H2 + S + 2O2  H2SO4
5.6 1 8 1 1
nH 2 = = ns = = nO2 =
22.4 4 32 4 2
As all reactants are in stoichiometric ratios, none will be left behind.
Hence 14 mole of H2SO4 is formed.
gy - H2 + S + 2O2  H2SO4
5.6 1 8 1 1
nH 2 = = ns = = nO2 =
22.4 4 32 4 2
t Sl k fd lHkh vfHkd kjd jllehd j.kferh; vuqikr esagS] vr% d ksbZHkh 'ks"k ughacpsxkA
vr% 14 eksy H2SO4 cusxkA

27. An element 'E' has exceptional valence shell electron configuration as given 4d10. What is the period of 'E'
in the modern periodic table ?
,d rRo 'E' d sla;kst h d ks'k d k by sDVªkWfud vfHkfoU;kl vioknLo: i 4d10 gSA vk/kqfud vkorZlkj.kh esa'E' d k vkorZ
D;k gksxk?

Ans. 5.
Sol. Expected electron configuration should be [Kr] 4d10 5s0. The principal quantum number (n) of valence shell
is thus equal to 5. So the period of the element to which it belongs is 5.
lEHkkfor by sDVªkWfud vfHkfoU;kl [Kr] 4d10 5s0 gksuk pkfg,A vr% la;kst h d ks'k d h eq[; Dok.Ve la[;k (n) d k eku 5 d s
cjkcj gSA blfy , bl rRo d k vkorZ5 gksxkA

Page # 12
28. What is the screening constant for outer electron of H?
H d sckg~; by sDVªkWu d sfy , ifjj{k.k fu;rkad D;k gS\

Ans. 0

29. Determine the sum of fully filled and half filled orbitals, which have number of radial nodes less than the
3+
number of angular nodes, in ground state of Fe ion.
3+
Fe vk;u d h ew y voLFkk esav) Ziwfjr o iw.kZiw fjr d {kd ksd h la[;k d k ;ksx Kkr d hft ;sft ud sfy ;sf=kT;h; uksMks
d h la[;k d ks.kh; uksM ksd h la[;k lsd e gksA
Ans. 8
Sol. Fe3+ : 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d5
(R=A=0) (R=1,A=0) (R=0,A=1) (R=2,A=0) (R=1,A=1) (R=0,A=2)
So, condition in the question corresponds to orbitals of 2p and 3d subshells.
 Total number of half filled and fully filled orbitals = 3 + 5 = 8.
vr% iz'u esanh x;h fLFkfr 2p o 4p mid ks'kksad slaxr gSA
vr% v) Ziwfjr o iw.kZiwfjr d {kd ksd h d qy la[;k = 3 + 5 = 8.

30. XeF6 fluorinates 2 to F7 and liberates Xenon(g). 3.5 mmol of XeF6 can yield a maximum of_____ mmol of
IF7.
XeF6, 2 d ksF7 es
a¶yksjhuhd r̀ d j nsrk gSrFkk t hukWu ¼xSl ½ eqDr gksrh gSA XeF6 d s3.5 fey h eksy lsIF7 d svf/kd re
------------------ fey h eksy iz
kIr fd ;st k ld rsgSaA

Ans. 3
Sol. XeF6 + I2   IF7 + Xe
POAC on ‘F’ :
6 (m.mole of XeF6) = 7 (m.mole of IF7)
3.5  6
= 3 m.moles of IF7
7
gy % XeF6 + I2 
 IF7 + Xe
‘F’ ijek.kqij POAC y xkusij :
6 (XeF6 d sfeyh eks y ) = 7 (IF7 d sfeyh eksy )
3.5  6
= IF7 d s3 fey h eks
y
7

31. Balance the following equation and write the number which is the sum of the coefficients of all species.
................. CS2 + ................. Cl2 
 CCl4 + ................. S2Cl2

fuEu lehd j.k d kslUrqfy r d hft , o og la[;k fyf[k, t ksLih'kht d sxq.kkad ksd k ;ksx gks&
................. CS2 + ................. Cl2 
 CCl4 + ................. S2Cl2

Ans. 6
Sol. CS2 + 3Cl2 
 CCl4 + S2Cl2
1+3+1+1=6

32. 200 g impure CaCO3 on heating gives 5.6 litre CO2 gas at STP. Find the percentage of calcium in the lime
stone sample.
STP ij v'kq) CaCO3 d s200 g d ksxeZd jusij ;g CO2 xSl d s5.6 y hVj nsrk gSA pwusd siRFkj d suewusesa
d SfY'k;e d k izfr'kr gksxkA

Page # 13
Ans. 5
Sol. CaCO3   CaO + CO2
5.6 1
= mole
22.4 4
1
mole of CaO = mole of Ca =
4
1
mass of Ca = × 40 = 10
4
10
% of Ca in sample = × 100 = 5%
200
gy . CaCO3   CaO + CO2
5.6 1
= eksy
22.4 4
1
CaO d seks
y = Ca d seksy =
4
1
Ca d seks
y = × 40 = 10
4
10
uewusesaCa d k izfr'kr = × 100 = 5%
200

33. Total number of elements which have more ionization energy as compared to their next higher atomic
number elements. Li, Be, C, N, O, F, Ne [Reff. SGF_2015]
Li, Be, C, N, O, F, Ne fuEu es
als,sl srRoksad h la[;k crkb;sft ud h vk;uu Å t kZvxy sijek.kqØ ekad oky srRo ls
vf/kd gS\

Ans. 3
Sol. Be, N, Ne

34. How many parent chains have root word hex or hexa in the following structures ?
fuEu lajpukvksaesafd ruh t ud Jà[ky kvksaessaewy 'kCn gsDl ;k gsDlk iz;qDr gksrk gS\

, , ,

, , ,
Ans. 3
Sol. (iii), (vi), (viii)

35. What is the possible number of isomers of the aromatic compounds of molecular formula C7H7Cl.

C7H7Cl v.kq
l w=k oky s,jkseS
fVd ;kSfxd d slHkh lEHko leko;fo;ksad h la[;k crkb;sA
Ans. 4

Sol.

Page # 14
36. How many structural isomers are possible having molecular formula C6H14.
v.kql w=k C6H14 d sfd ruslajpukRed leko;oh lEHko gSA
Ans. 5

Sol. , , , ,

37. The number of structural isomers for the compound with molecular formula C2BrClFI.
v.kql w=kC2BrClFI d sd qy lajpukRed leko;fo;ksad h la[;k gksxhA
Ans. 3
F Br F Cl F Cl
Sol. C=C ; C=C ; C=C
Cl  Br   Br

38. How many position isomer are possible for Dibromobutane.

MkbZ
czkseksC;wVsu d sfy , fd rusfLFkfr leko;oh lEHko gS\
Ans. 6

Sol. , ,

, ,

39. How many carbon atoms are present in parent chain of the following compound ?
fuEu ;kSfxd d h t ud Jà[kyk esafd rusd kcZu ijek.kqmifLFkr gS\

Ans. 6

Sol.

40. Find the total number of cyclic structural isomers having molecular formula C5H10.
v.kql w=k C5H10 d sd qy pfØ ; lajpukRed leko;fo;ksad h la
[;k Kkr d hft ,A

Ans. 5

Sol. , , ,
,

Page # 15
TEST PATTERN
COURSE NAME : VIJAY (JR)
TEST TYPE : PT-1 (JEE ADV. PATTERN)
TEST DATE : 16-08-2015
TEST SYLLABUS : FUNDAMENTALS OF MATHEMATICS, QUADRATIC EQUATION (UPTO
NATURE OF ROOTS)
(P5) Pattern-5 (2 HRS. EACH SUBJECT)
S.No. Subject Nature of Questions No. of Questions Marks Negative Total
1 to 22 Maths/ MCQ 22 4 –2 88
Physics/
23 to 40 Chemistry Integer type (Single Digit) 18 4 –1 72
Total 40 Total 160

MCQ
2
1. Possible value(s) of ‘’ for which the equation x – (sin – 2)x – (1 + sin) = 0 has roots whose
sum of squares is least is
‘’ d slaHkkfor eku ft ld sfy , lehd j.k x2 – (sin – 2)x – (1 + sin) = 0 ewy j[krk gSvkS
j mu ewy ksad s
oxksZd k ;ksxQ y U;wure gS&
   5
(A) (B) (C*) (D*)
4 3 2 2
Sol. (C), (D)
2 2 2
 + = (sin – 2) + 2(1 + sin)
2
= sin  + 4 – 4sin + 2 + 2sin
2 2
 = sin  – 2sin + 6 = (sin – 1) + 5
 5
= ,
2 2

2. The equation |x + 2| – |x + 1| + |x – 1| = K, x  R has two solutions if K is equal to


lehd j.k |x + 2| – |x + 1| + |x – 1| = K, x  R d snksgy j[krk gS;fn K cjkcj gS&
(A*) 4 (B*) 3/2 (C) 5/2 (D) 3
Sol. Graph of y = |x + 2| – |x + 1| + |x – 1|
y = |x + 2| – |x + 1| + |x – 1| d k vkjs
[k

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for two solutions nksgy d sfy , K  (1, 2)  (3, )

2cos2 x – 1
3. Solution set of the inequality  0 , can be
x
sin
2
 2n – 1   2n  1 
(A*)    x     , where n = 1, 3, 6
 4   4 
n  n  1
(B*)     x     , where n = 8
4
   4 
 n – 1 n
(C*)     x     , where n = 16
 4  4
 2n – 1   2n  1 
(D)    x     , where n = 5
 4   4 
2cos2 x – 1
vlfed k 0 d k gy leqPp; gksld rk gS&
x
sin
2
 2n – 1   2n  1 
(A*)    x     , t gk¡ n = 1, 3, 6
 4   4 
n  n  1
(B*)     x     , t gk¡n = 8
4  4 
 n – 1 n
(C*)     x     , t gk¡n = 16
 4  4
 2n – 1   2n  1 
(D)    x     , t gk¡n = 5
 4   4 
1 1 x
Sol. Case fLFkfr-1 –1  cosx < –  j sin   < 0
< cosx 1 and vkS
2 2 2
 x (2, 4)

9 11 13 15


 2< x <  <x<  < x < 4
4 4 4 4
1 1 x
CasefLFkfr -2 : – < cosx < j sin   > 0
and vkS
2 2 2
 
x x
sin   > 0  (0, )
2
  2

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 x (0, 2)

 3 5 7
 <x <  <x<
4 4 4 4
Alter : oS
d fYid
cos 2x
 0 Let us consider for x  (0, 4)
x
sin
2
cos 2x
0 ekukfd x  (0, 4) d sfy ,
x
sin
2
x
CasefLFkfr-I sin < 0 , cos 2x > 0
2
x x
sin <0  (2)  x(2, 4)
2 2
 2x (4, 8)
graph of cos 2x is d k vkjs
[k

9 11 13 15


cos 2x > 0  4< 2x   < 2x <  < 2x < 8
2 2 2 2
9 11 13 15
 2< x <  <x<  < x < 4
4 4 4 4
x
CasefLFkfr-II sin > 0, cos 2x < 0
2
x x
sin >0  (0, )  x (0, 2)
2 2
 2x (0, 4)

cos 2x < 0
 3 5 7
 < 2x <  < 2x <
2 2 2 2
 3 5 7
 <x <  <x<
4 4 4 4

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2 2 2 2 2
4. If |sin x + 17 – x | = |16 – x | + 2sin x + cos x then subsets of solution are
;fn |sin2x + 17 – x2| = |16 – x2| + 2sin2x + cos2x rc gy d k mileqPp; gS&
(A*) {0} (B*) [– 4, 4] (C) [– 8, 8] (D)   17, 17 
 
2 2 2 2
Sol. |sin x + 17 – x | = |16 – x | + |sin x + 1|
|x + y| = |x| + |y|
xy0
2 2
(16 – x ) (sin x + 1)  0
 x  [– 4, 4]

5. Let f(x) = cos ([ 2 ] x) + cos( [– 2 ] x) + [e] – [– ], where [ . ] is the greatest integer
function, then
ekuk f(x) = cos ([ 2 ] x) + cos( [– 2 ] x) + [e] – [– ], t gk¡[ . ] egÙke iw.kk±d Q yu gS] rc
 
(A*) f   = 5 (B) f() = 7 (C*) f(–) = 6 (D) f   = 8
2 4
Sol. f(x) = cos 9x + cos 10x + 2 – (– 4).

2x x2
6. If a, b respectively be the numbers of solutions and sum of solutions of – |x| = , then
x 1 | x  1|
2x x2
;fn a vkSj b Ø e'k% lehd j.k – |x| = d sgy ksad h la[;k vkS
j gy ksad k ;ksxQ y gS] rc
x 1 | x  1|
(A*) a = 3 (B*) b = 1 (C) b = 2 (D) a = 2
2|x| | x |2
Sol. – |x| =
| x  1| | x  1|
2 – |x – 1| = |x|, x = 0
I. x<0
2 + x – 1 = – x  x = –1/2
II. 0x<1 2+x–1=x
2 1
III. x>1
 2 – x + 1 = x  x = 3/2

7. Let a and c be odd prime numbers and b be an integer. If the quadratic equation
2
ax + bx + c = 0 has rational roots, then roots of equation are
j c fo"ke vHkkT; la[;k,agSrFkk b ,d iw.kk±d gSA ;fn f}?kkr lehd j.k ax2 + bx + c = 0 d sewy
ekuk a vkS
ifjes; gS] rc lehd j.k d sewy gS&
c c
(A) 1 (B*) –1 (C*) – (D)
a a
2
Sol. Since ax + bx + c = 0 has rational roots
pawfd  ax2 + bx + c = 0 ifjes; ewy gSA
2
b – 4ac is square of an integer
2
b – 4ac ,d iw.kk±d d k oxZgSA
2 2
i.e. b – 4ac = k for some integer k
vFkkZr~b2 – 4ac = k2 fd lh iw
.kk±d k d sfy ,
2 2
 b – k = 4ac
 (b – k) (b + k) = 4ac ... (A)
Since b and k are integer, therefore, (b – k) and (b + k) are either both even.
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Since b and k are integer, therefore, (b – k) and (b + k) are either both even.
since 4ac is even.
 b – k = 2a and b + k = 2c or { b – k = 2c and b + k = 2a}
on adding, 2b = 2a + 2c
i.e. a–b+c=0
2
 x = – 1 is a root of ax + bx + c = 0
c
Product of roots =
a
c c
 – 1 × other root =  other root = –
a a
c
 Roots are – 1 & –
a
2
Hindi pawfd  ax + bx + c = 0 ifjes
;
ewy gSA
2
b – 4ac ,d iw .kk±d d k oxZgSA
vFkkZr~b – 4ac = k2 fd lh iw
2
.kk±d k d sfy ,
2 2
 b – k = 4ac
 (b – k) (b + k) = 4ac ... (A)
pwfd b vkS
j k iw.kkZad gSblfy, (b – k) vkSj (b + k) ;k nksuksale gS
pwfd 4ac le gSA
 b – k = 2a vkS
j b + k = 2c or { b – k = 2c vkS
jb + k = 2a}
2b = 2a + 2c t ks
M usij
vFkkZr~ a – b + c = 0
2
 x = – 1 lehd j.kax + bx + c = 0 d sew
y gSA
c
ewy ksd k xq.kuQ y =
a
c c
 – 1 × vU; ewy =  vU; ewy = –
a a
c
 ewy – 1 vkSj –
a

8. The equation log 16 + log 2 x 64 = 3 has :


x2
(A*) one irrational solution (B*) no prime solution
(C*) two real solutions (D*) one integral solution
lehd j.k log 2 16 + log 2 x 64 = 3
x
d sfy ;s&
(A) ,d vifjes ; gy fo|eku gSaA (B) d ksbZvHkkT; gy fo|eku ughaA
(C) nksokLrfod gy fo|eku gSaA (D) ,d iw.kk±d gy fo|eku gSa
A
Sol. log 2 16 + log 2 x 64 = 3  4 log 2 + 6 log 2 x 2 = 3
x x2
4 6 2 6
 2
+ = 3  + = 3
log2 x log2 2x log2 x 1  log2 x
but y sfd u log 2 x = t
2 6
 + = 3  2 + 2t + 6t = 3t + 3t 2
t 1 t
 3t 2 – 5t – 2 = 0  3t 2 – 5t – 2 = 0
 (3t + 1)(t – 2) = 0

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1
 t = – , t = 2
3
1
 log 2 x = – log 2 x = 2
3
 x = 2 – 1/ 3 x = 4
1
= 1/ 3 .
2

1
9. The domain of f(x) = contains the set (where [] is greatest integer function)
[logx 2]
1
f(x) = d k izkUr leqPp; d ksj[krk gS(t gk¡[] egÙke iw.kkZad Q y u gS)
[logx 2]
(A) (1, 3) (B*) (0,1) (C*) (1, 2] (D) [2, )
1
Sol. f(x) =
[logx 2]
for logx 2 to be defined, x > 0, x  1
for f(x) to be defined [logx 2]  0
logx 2  [0, 1)
logx2 < 0 or logx2  1
Hence domain is (0, 1) (1, 2]
1
Hindi f(x) =
[logx 2]
logx 2 d sfy , ifjHkkf"kr, x > 0, x  1
f(x) d ksifjHkkf"kr d sfy , [logx 2]  0
logx 2  [0, 1)
logx2 < 0 or logx2  1
vr% izkUr (0, 1) (1, 2] gSA

x 2 –3 x
 1
10. The set of all solution of the inequality   > 9 is contained by the set
3
x 2 –3 x
1
vlfed k   > 9 d slHkh gy ks
ad k leqPp;] leqPp; d ksj[krk gS-
3
1 
(A) (–, 0) (B*) (0, 2) (C) (0, 1) (D*)  , 3 
2 
2
Sol. x – 3x < – 2
2
x – 3x + 2 < 0
(x – 2)(x – 1) < 0
x (1, 2)

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11. Solution set of the inequality 7 – x  2x – 3 , is contained by the set

vlfed k 7 – x  2x – 3 d k gy leqPp;] fd l leqPp; j[krk gS-


 11  89   11  89 
(A)  ,  (B*) (– ,7) (C*)  – ,  (D*) (– ,3)
 8   8
   
Sol. 7–x0 x7 ........(i)
3
case fLFkfr -1 2x–3 > 0  x>
2
2
7 – x > 4x + 9 – 12x
2
4x – 11 x + 2 < 0

 11– 89 11  89 
x  , 
 8 8 

 3 11  89 
x   ,  ....(ii)
2 8
 
3
case fLFkfr -2 2x – 3 0 x 
2
positive > negative
/kukRed > _ .kkRed
 3
 x   – ,  ....(iii)
 2
 3
(i) (iii)   – ,   ....(iv)
 2
(ii) (iv)
 11  89 
x   – , 
 8 
12. Let A = Minimum (x2 – 2x + 7), x  R and B = Minimum (x2 – 2x + 7), x  [2, ), then :
(A*) log(B–A)(A + B) is not defined (B*) A + B = 13
(C*) log(2B–A) A < 1 (D*) log(2A–B) A > 1
ekuk A = U;wure (x2 – 2x + 7), x  R rFkk B = U;wure (x2 – 2x + 7), x  [2, ) gks] rks
(A*) log(B–A)(A + B) ifjHkkf"kr ughagS
A (B*) A + B = 13
(C*) log(2B–A) A < 1 (D*) log(2A–B) A > 1

x x 1
13. Consider the equation log5 [(2 + 5 ) + ( 5 – 2 ) ] = – log1/52. Which of the following is TRUE?
2
(A*) The equation has integral roots only
(B*) The absolute value of the difference of the roots of the equation is 2.
(C) The sum of the roots of the equation is 2.
(D*) The roots are equal in magnitude.

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1
ekuk fd lehd j.k log5 [(2 + 5 )x + ( 5 – 2 )x ] = – log1/52 gS] rc fuEu esalsd kSulsl R; gS?
2

(A*) lehd j.k d s


oy iw.kkZad ew
y j[krk gSA

(B*) lehd j.k d sew


y ksad svUrj d k fujis{k eku 2 gSA

(C) lehd j.k d sew


y ksad k ;ksxQ y 2 gSA

(D*) ekika
d esaewy cjkcj gSA

1
Sol. 5 2
52

log5  52
x
52
x
 = 1 + log 2


    
 2
5

( 5  2)x  ( 5  2) x
= 5
2
x
Let ekuk  52   t ..........(i)

1 2 5
t+ =
t
2
 t – 2 5t+1=0  t= 5 2, 5 2
Putting these values of t in (i) we get
lehd j.k (i) esa t d k eku j[kusij
x = 1, – 1

14. The solution set of the system of inequations


2 2
2 sin x – 3 sinx + 1  0 and x + x – 12  0 has
(A*) three integers (B*) one prime numbers
(C*) two natural numbers (D*) no composite number
vlfed k 2 sin2x – 3 sinx + 1  0 vkSj x2 + x – 12  0 d sfud k; d k gy leqPp; j[krk gS–
(A*) rhu iw.kkZad (B*) ,d vHkkT; la[;k,a
(C*) nksiz
kd r̀ la[;k,a (D*) d ksbZla;qDr la[;k ugh
Sol. (A,B,C,D)

2
2 sin x – 3 sinx + 1  0
 (2sinx – 1)(sinx – 1)  0

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1
 sinx  1
2
 5
 2n +  x  2n + , n  ....(A)
6 6
2
x + x – 12  0
 (x + 4)(x – 3)  0
 x  [– 4, 3] .........(B)
(A) and vkS
j (B)
 –7    5 
 x   –4,    , 
 6  6 6 
 Integers are – 4, 1, 2
 iw.kkZad – 4, 1, 2 gSA

15. If the equation tan |x| = |tanx| , where x  (–2, 2), then
 3       
(A) solution is  –2, –    – , 0   , 
 2   2   2 
 3      3 
(B*) solution is  – , –     – ,    , 
 2   2 2  2 
(C) number of natural number in solution of given equation is one
(D*) number of natural number in solution of given equation is two
;fn lehd j.k tan |x| = |tanx| t gk¡x  (–2, 2) rc -
 3       
(A)  –2, –    – , 0   ,   gy gSA
 2   2   2 
 3      3 
(B*)  – , –     – ,    ,  gy gSA
 2   2 2  2 
(C) nh xbZlehd j.k d sgyksaesaizkd r̀ la[;kvksad h la[;k 1 gSA
(D*) nh xbZlehd j.k d sgy ks
aesaizkd r̀ la[;kvksad h la[;k 2 gSA

Sol. tan |x| = |tanx|



Case fLFkfr-I x  0 and vkS
j tanx  0  n  x < n (n w) ...........(A)
2
Case fLFkfr-II x  0 and vkSj tanx < 0
tanx = – tanx
tanx = 0
x 
Case fLFkfr-III x < 0 and vkSj tanx  0  – tanx = tanx 

   tanx = 0  x = n, n  I ...........(B)

Case fLFkfr-IV x < 0 and vkSj tanx < 0


 –
– tanx = – tanx  n – < x < n n  I  {0} ...........(C)
2
(A) (B) (C) gives ls
    
x   –(2n  1) , – n    n, (2n  1) 2  , n  N
 2   
 In the interval (–2, 2)
 (–2, 2) vUrjky es a
 3   3 
x   – , –      , 
 2   2 
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16. Which of the following equations have no real solutions ?
2 x
(A*) x – x + 6 + e = 0
4 2 2 x
(B) x – 2x sin +1=0
2
1
(C*) log{x} = – 2 (where {.} denotes fractional part function
2
(D) cosx = |x|
fuEu esalsd kSulh lehd j.k okLrfod gy ugh j[krh gS?
2 x
(A*) x – x + 6 + e = 0
4 2 2 x
(B) x – 2x sin +1=0
2
1
(C*) log{x} = – 2 (t gk¡{.} fHkUukRed Hkkx Q y u d ksO;Dr d jrk gSA)
2
(D) cosx = |x|
x 2
Sol. (A) e = – x + x – 6
x 2
e > 0 and – x + x – 6 < 0  x  R  (A) has no solution d ks
bZgy ugh j[krk gSA
x 22 1
(B) 2 sin =x + 2
2 x
The equality holds when x = 1, –1
val fed k larq"B gksrh gSt c x = 1, –1
(C) 0 < {x} < 1
1
 log{x} >0 (C) has no real solution. d ksbZokLrfod gy ughaj[krh gSA
2
(D) cosx = |x|
graph of cosx and |x| interesect at two points
cosx vkS
j |x| d k vkjs[k nksfcUnqv ksaij iz
frPNsn d jrk gS

2 3 2
17. Solution(s) of the equation, 3x – 2x = log2 (x + 1) – log2x is/are
lehd j.k 3x2 – 2x3 = log2 (x2 + 1) – log2x d sgy gS-
(A*) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4
Sol. Here ;gk¡ x > 0
x2  1 2 3
log2 = 3x – 2x
x
x2  1 2 3
 = 23x – 2x
x
1 2 3 1 1
x + = 23x – 2x  2 ( x   2 if x > 0)
x x
2 3
 3x – 2x  1
3 2
or ;k 2x – 3x + 1  0
2
or ;k (x – 1) (2x + 1)  0
 1
 x   – , –  {1}
 2 

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But ijUrqx > 0
 x=1

2
18. Integral values of 'a' such that quadratic equation x + ax + a + 1 = 0 has integral roots is equal to
'a' d siw
.kkZad eku gksxsat cfd f}?kkr lehd j.k x2 + ax + a + 1 = 0 iw.kkZad ewy j[krk gS] cjkcj gS-
(A*) –1 (B) 2 (C) 1 (D*) 5
2 2 2
Sol. a I and vkS
j D = a – 4 (a + 1) = (a – 2) –8 =  (let I)
2 2
 (a–2) = 8 +    = ± 1
2
 (a – 2) = 9
 a = 5, – 1

19. Which of the following is/are correct ?

| log2 x |
(A*) The graph of y = is
log2 x

| log2 x |
(B) The graph of y = is
log2 x

(C*) The graph of y = |log x| is

y
1
|x|
(D*) The graph of y = is x
x O
–1

fuEu esalsd kSulk lgh gS?

| log2 x |
(A*) y = d k vkjs[k gSA
log2 x

| log2 x |
(B) y = d k vkjs[k gSA
log2 x

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(C*) y = |log x| d k vkjs
[k gSA

y
1
|x|
(D*) y = d k vkjs[k x gSA
x O
–1

| log2 x |  1 log2 x  0  x  1
Sol. y= = 
log2 x  1 log2 x  0  0  x  1

2
20. If 4 cos  + 3 = 2 ( 3 + 1) cos , then  =
;fn 4 cos2  + 3 = 2 ( 3 + 1) cos , rc =
(A) 2n,n (B) 2n ± /4 ,n
(C*) 2n ± /6 ,n (D*) 2n ± /3 ,n
2
Sol. 4 cos  + 3 = 2 ( 3 + 1) cos 
2
4 cos  – 2 cos  = 2 3 cos  – 3
2 cos  (2 cos – 1) = 3 (2 cos  – 1)
3 1
 cos  = or ;k cos  =
2 2
 = 2n ± /6, n or ;k 2n ± /3, n

21. W hich of the following is/are CORRECT ?


fuEu esalsd kSulk l gh gS?
3 2 2 2 5 –1
(A*) sin = (B*) cos =
8 2 5 4
9 5
(C*) tan = 2 –1 (D*) tan = 2 3
8 12
Sol. Standard results ekud ifj.kke

22. The graph of y = f(x) is as shown

Which of the following is/are CORRECT ?

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(A*) The graph of y = f(–|x|) is

(B) The graph of y = f(–|x|) is

(C*) The graph of y = f(|x|) is

(D) The graph of y = f(|x|) is

y = f(x) d k vkjs
[k n'kkZ;k gS-

fuEu esad kSulk l gh gS?

(A*) y = f(–|x|) d k vkjs


[ks gS

(B) y = f(–|x|) d k vkjs


[k gSA

(C*) y = f(|x|) d k vkjs


[k gSA

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(D) y = f(|x|) d k vkjs
[k gSA

Sol.

Integer Que.
23. Solution of the inequation – 2  ||x| + 2| < 5 is (–a, b). Find the value of a + b
vlfed k – 2  ||x| + 2| < 5 d k gy (–a, b) gSrksa + b d k eku Kkr d hft ,A
Ans. 6
Sol. |x| + 2 is always positive
|x| + 2 lnS
o /kukRed gSA
 0  |x| + 2 < 5
or ;k –2  |x| < 3
 –3 < x < 3

2
24. Complete solution set of the inequality |x – x – 2| + |x + 1|  0 contain 'n' integer(s). Then 'n' is :
vlfed k |x2 – x – 2| + |x + 1|  0 lEiw.kZgy leqPp; esa'n' iw.kkZad gSrc 'n' gS-
Ans. 1
2
Sol. |x – x – 2| + |x + 1|  0
2
 |x – x – 2| + |x + 1| = 0
It is possible only when ;g d soy laHko gSt c
2
x – x – 2 = 0 and vkS
j x+1=0
 x=–1

log5 (x 2 – 5x  7)
25. If > 0 , then x  (a, b). Find 2b – 3a.
log5 (0.001)
log5 (x 2 – 5x  7)
;fn > 0 rc x  (a, b) gks
] rks2b – 3a d k eku gS&
log5 (0.001)
Ans. 0
Sol. log5(0.001) < 0
2
j x2 – 5x + 7 > 0
log5 (x – 5x + 7) < 0 and vkS  x  R
and vkSj x2 – 5x + 7 < 1
2
or;k x – 5x + 6 < 0  x  (2, 3)

2 2
26. The polynomials P(x) = 3kx + 2x + 1 and Q(x) = 2x – k when divided by x – 1
1
leaves the same remainder, then the value of k is– . Find m.
m
cgqin P(x) = 3kx 2 + 2x + 1 vkSj Q(x) = 2x 2 – k d kst c x – 1 lsfoHkkft r d jrsgSrc 'ks"kQ y
1
leku jgrk gSrc k d k eku – gSrc m d k eku Kkr d hft ,A
m

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Ans. 4
Sol. P(1) = 3k + 2 + 1 = Q(1) = 2 – k
 4k = – 1
1
k = –
4

8  2 3 4 5 6 7
27. The value of 2 cos cos cos cos cos cos cos is
15 15 15 15 15 15 15
8  2 3 4 5 6 7
2 cos cos cos cos cos cos cos d k eku gS-
15 15 15 15 15 15 15
Ans. 2
8  2 4 8 3 5 6
Sol. E = – 2 (cos cos cos cos ) (cos cos cos )
15 15 15 15 15 15 15
16
sin
= –2
8 15 × 1 × 5 – 1  5  1 = 2
 2 4 4
16 sin
15

2
28. Solution of inequality [x] – 9[x] – 52 < 0 is [a, b). Find b + 2a (where [.] denotes greatest integer
function)
vlfed k [x]2 – 9[x] – 52 < 0 d k gy [a, b) gSrc b + 2a d k eku Kkr d hft , (t gk¡[.] egÙke iw.kk±
d Qyu
gS)
Ans. 7
2
Sol. [x] – 9[x] – 52 < 0
([x] – 13)([x] + 4) < 0
– 4 < [x] < 13
– 3  [x]  12
x  [–3, 13)

29. Number of values of x satisfying |x – 3| + |x + 3| = |2x| + 6 is/are.


lehd j.k |x – 3| + |x + 3| = |2x| + 6 d kslarq"B d jusoky sx d sekuksad h la[;k gS-
Ans. 1
Sol.

2x 1
30. If 2
 , then complete solution set is (a, –1)  (b, c) . Find |a + 3b + 2c|.
2x  5x  2 x  1
2x 1
;fn  gksrkslEiw.kZgy leqPp; (a, –1)  (b, c) gSrc |a + 3b + 2c| Kkr d hft ,A
2x 2  5x  2 x  1
Ans. 5
2x 1
Sol. Given t gk¡ 2 >
2x  5x  2 x 1
2x 1
 >
(2x  1)(x  2) (x  1)

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2x 1
 – >0
(2x  1)(x  2) (x  1)
2x(x  1)  (2x  1)(x  2)
 >0
(x  1)(2x  1)(x  2)
2x 2  2x  2x 2  4x  x  2
 >0
(x  1) (x  2) (2x  1)
3x  2
 >0
(x  1)(x  2)(2x  1)
3x  2
 0
(x  1)(x  2)(2x  1)

 2 1
 x  (–2, –1)   – , – 
 3 2

 3x – 1  5 
31. If log1/3   < 1 then x must lie in the interval (–, –a)   ,   . Find  – a.
 x  2   
3x – 1  5 
;fn log1/3   < 1 gksrksx d k vUrjky (–, –a)   ,   es
afLFkr gSrc  – a d k eku Kkr
 x2   
d hft ,A
Ans. 6
3x – 1 1 8x – 5
Sol. >  >0
x2 3 x2
5 
x  (–, – 2)   ,  
8 
32. The number of solution of the equation tan x + sec x = 2 cos x lying in the interval [0, 2] is
vUrjky [0, 2] esafLFkr lehd j.k tan x + sec x = 2 cos x d sgy ksad h la[;k gS
A
Ans. 2
Sol. tan x + sec x = 2 cos x ; x  (2n ± 1) /2
2
sin x + 1 = 2 cos x
2
sin x + 1 = 2 (1 – sin x)
 sin x = – 1, 1/2
sin x = 1/2 ( sin x  – 1)
x = /6, 5/6

2
33. The number of solutions of the equation sgn(x ) = |x| is equal to
(where sgn(.) denotes the signum function)
lehd j.k sgn(x2) = |x| d sgy ksad h la[;k cjkcj gS-
(t gk¡sgn(.) flXue Q y u d ksO;Dr d jrk gS )
Ans. 3

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Sol.

Number of solutions = 3
gy ksad h la[;k = 3

2
34. Number of real solutions of the equation | x – 2 |x – 6 x 8
 1 is
2
lehd j.k | x – 2 |x – 6 x 8
1 d sokLrfod gy ksad h la[;k gS
A
Ans. 3
2
Sol. | x – 2 |x – 6 x 8
1
2
Either |x – 2| = 1 or ;k x – 6x + 8 = 0
x = 3, 1 x = 2, 4
x = 2 is not possible la
Hko ugh gSA  x = 1, 3, 4

2
35. If the solution set of the inequations 6{x} – 5{x} + 1  0
(5x – 12)(sin x – 2)
(where { .} denotes fractional part function) and  0 is [a, b]  [c, d] where
(e x  2)(x – 4)
a < b < c < d then find the value of 5a –2b –3c + 2d.
(5x – 12)(sin x – 2)
;fn vlfed k 6{x}2 – 5{x} + 1  0 vkSj  0 d k gy leqPp; [a, b]  [c, d] gS(t gk¡{ .}
(e x  2)(x – 4)
fHkUukRed Hkkx Q y u gS) vkS
j a < b < c < d rc 5a –2b –3c + 2d d k eku Kkr d hft ,A
Ans. 4
2
Sol. 6{x} – 5{x} + 1  0
1 1
  {x} 
3 2
1 1
n + x  n+ ...(1) (n )
3 2
(5x – 12)(sin x – 2)
0
(e x  2)(x – 4)
5x – 12
 0
x–4
12
  x < 4 .......(2)
5
Intersection of (1) and (2)
(1) vkS
j (2) d k iz
frPNsnu

4/3 3/2 7/3 5/2 10/3 7/2

12/5 4

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 12 5   10 7 
x   ,    , 
 5 2  3 2
 5a –2b –3c + 2d= 4

36. The number of solutions of the equation


1 – 2x = 3[x] + 2{x}, (where [.] denotes the greatest integer function and {.} denotes the fractional
part function) is
lehd j.k 1 – 2x = 3[x] + 2{x} d sgy ksad h la[;k gS(t gk¡[.] egÙke iw.kkZad Q y u vkSj {.} fHkUukRed Hkkx
Q y u gS)
Ans. 1
Sol. 1 – 2x = 3[x] + 2{x}
put x =  + f j[kusij
1 – 2 – 2f = 3 + 2f
1  5
4f = 1 – 5  f =
4
1  5 5  1
0 < 1  –1 <  0
4 4
–4 < 5 – 1  0 
3 1 1 1
 <    = 0  f = , x =
5 5 4 4

  13   13
37. Find the value of 2  sin  sin  – 4 sin sin .
 10 10  10 10
  13   13
2  sin  sin  – 4 sin sin d k eku Kkr d hft ,A
 10 10  10 10
Ans. 0
 7 3   13 
Sol. 2  2 sin cos  – 4 sin sin
 10 5  10 10
3 3  3
= 4 sin cos  4 sin sin
10 5 10 10
3  3  3   
= 4 sin cos  sin  = 4 sin – sin  sin  = 0
10  5 10  10  10 10 

(a2 – b2 )3  (b2 – c 2 )3  (c 2 – a2 )3
38. If a, b, c are real and distinct numbers, then the value of is
(a – b)(b – c)(c – a)(a  b)(b  c)(c  a)
(a2 – b2 )3  (b2 – c 2 )3  (c 2 – a2 )3
;fn a, b, c okLrfod vkSj fofHkUu la[;k,¡gSrc d k eku gS-
(a – b)(b – c)(c – a)(a  b)(b  c)(c  a)
Ans. 3
(a2 – b2 )3  (b2 – c 2 )3  (c 2 – a2 )3
Sol.
(a – b)(b – c)(c – a)(a  b)(b  c)(c  a)
3(a2 – b2 )(b2 – c 2 )(c 2 – a2 )
= =3
(a2 – b2 )(b 2 – c 2 )(c 2 – a2 )
 11 
39. The number of values of x in the interval 0, satisfying the equation
 2 
2
6sin x + sin x – 2 = 0 is . Find  – 3.

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11 
vUrjky 0, afLFkr lehd j.k 6sin 2 x + sin x – 2 = 0 d kslrq"B d jusoky sx d sekuksad h la[;k
 es
 2 
 gSrc  – 3 Kkr d hft ,A
Ans. 8
1  1  48 1  7 2 1
Sol. sinx = = = – ,
12 12 3 2
There is one solution in each of
izR;sd esa,d gy gS
       3   11 
 0,  ,  ,   ,  ,  , ....  5, ,
 2 2   2   2 
1 1
x x– x
40. If 4 – 3 2 = 3 2 – 22x–1 then find the value of 4x.
1 1
x– x
;fn 4x – 3 2 = 3 2 – 22x–1 gksrks4x d k eku Kkr d hft ,A
Ans. 6
1 1
x x x–
Sol. 4 + 22x–1 = 3 2 + 3 2

2x 1 2x 3x
2 + 2 = 3.3 x +
2 3
3 2x 4 x
2 = .3
2 3
x
4 4 2 8
3 = × =
3 3 3
  3
2x 3
 2   2 
  =    2x = 3  4x = 6
 3  3

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