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 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

1. Renting a at (At Residential Lettings) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

2. Hotel (1) Making a reservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3. Hotel (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
4. Meals (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5. Meals (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
6. Meals (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
7. Shopping (1) At a supermarket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
8. Shopping (2) Short-changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
9. Shopping (3) Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
10. Shopping (4) Marks and Sparks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
11. Shopping (5) A suit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
12. Shopping (6) Pharmacy, Drugstore and Chemist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
13. Bargaining at a market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
14. Advertising (1) Human interest and curiosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
15. Advertising (2) High quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
16. Advertising (3) Low prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
17. Advertising (4) Sales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
18. Advertising (5) Classifieds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
19. Counteradvertising . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
20. Superclean dry cleaners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
21. At a laundrette . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
22. Recycling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
23. Weather (1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
24. Weather (2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
25. Moscow and London public transport compared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
26. The Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
27. London buses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 178
28. Money-saving child and student fares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
29. Travelling by rail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
30. Going by London taxi (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
31. Going by London taxi (2) Accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
4 Оглавление

32. Car rental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 238

33. Rental car insurance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
34. Parking (1) In a street . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
35. Parking (2) In a car Park . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 256
36. Number рlates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
37. Riverbus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278
38. Sightseeing bus and boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 286
39. Travelling by air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
40. Crossing the Strait of Dover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319
41. Theatre . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
42. At Westminster Abbey . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332
43. Nursery education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337
44. Primary education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341
45. Secondary education (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359
46. Secondary education (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
47. Further education . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402
48. Application to a University . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414
49. Higher education (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
50. Higher education (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446
51. Academic degrees and ranks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450
52. The British Library (1) Admission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457
53. The British Library (2) The Humanities Reading Room . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
54. Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467
55. Terrorism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498

KEY TO EXERCISES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506

BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509

Renting a flat
At Residential Lettings
А: What properties do you have available?
B: We have a list of our current properties available.
А: Do you take families with children and pets?
B: Depending on the property and the landlord.
А: Which area would you recommend for school-age children?
B: All schools around here are very good.
А: Is there a shower at the property?
B: There certainly is.
А: Is it possible to view the property?
B: When would you like to see it? Today? Or shall we make an appointment?
А: Can we see it now?
B: No problem.
(At the property)
А: Is it a long or a short let?
B: 6 months.
А: What is the rent per calendar month?
B: £ 550.
А: Can we move in shortly?
B: Within 2 weeks.

Vocabulary notes
appointment — договорённость pet — домашнее животное, птица, рыбка
о встрече, деловая встреча property — собственность, зд.: жилое
area — район помещение
available — имеющийся в наличии rent — плата за снятое помещение
current — в настоящее время to r. — арендовать, снимать помещение
landlord — хозяин жилого помещения residential — жилой
let n, letting — сдача внаём school-age — школьного возраста
to move in — въезжать shortly — вскоре
per calendar month (pcm) — за кален- shower — душ
дарный месяц to view — осматривать

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian
дети школьного возраста; назначить встречу; имеющийся в  настоящее время;
сдача на длительный срок; сдача на короткий срок; в  течение двух недель; за
календарный месяц; наём квартиры.
Renting a flat 13

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) Can we move ... shortly? 2) Depending ... the property. 3) What is the rent ... calendar
month? 4) Is there a shower ... the property? 5) We can move ... ... two weeks.
Exercise 3. Answer the following questions as in the pattern1:
A: Is there a shower at the property?
B: There certainly is.
1. A: Is it possible to view the property?
B: It certainly ...
2. A: Do you take families with children and pets?
B: We certainly ...
3. A: Can we see it now?
B: You certainly ...
4. A: Can we move in shortly?
B: You certainly...
Exercise 4. On page 13 there is an advertisement2 of lettings. Read it (use a diction-
ary where necessary). Which of these properties would you rent and why?

Exercise 5. Read this polylogue3 (use a dictionary where necessary).

Caroline: How are you going to find a flat?
Diana: Well, I’ll look in the local paper for a start. Where is that paper?
Caroline: Oh, here it is! What’s your price limit4?
Diana: Not higher than £ 200. I’ll find someone to share with.
Caroline: Listen. Here’s one: “West Perivale. Suit two girls sharing. 1 reception, bedroom
(two beds), bathroom, kitchenette. Telephone. Own meter. 567 2269”.
Diana: Let’s go and ring. Nobody will be using the phone at this time of day. Hello, is
that 567 2269?
Woman: Yes.
Diana: I understand you have a flat to let.
Woman: That’s right.
Diana: How much is the rent, please?
Woman: 225 pounds a week, payable weekly in advance. You provide your own sheets.
Light and heat are extra. There’s a separate meter in the flat.
Diana: When could we come and look at it? Would tomorrow be all right?
Woman: I shan’t be in till after twelve.
Diana: Well, say about 12.15.
Woman: All right, I’ll expect you then. Thank you!
Diana: Oh, Caroline, I forgot to ask her name and address!
Caroline: You aren’t very experienced at looking for flats, are you? Go on and ring again!

pattern — модель
advertisement: BE [dvtsmnt], AE [dvtazmnt], infml BE advert, ad, AE ad — ре-
polylogue — полилог (разговор более чем двух собеседников)
price limit — предельная цена
14 Unit 1

Now answer these questions:

1. What was Diana’s price limit?
2. Was she going to pay all the rent herself?
3. Where did she get the necessary information?
4. What rent did the woman name?
5. When was Diana going to view the property?
6. Why did she have to ring again?
Exercise 6. Read this advertisement. Between whom do residential letting agencies
act as middlemen?


T: 01590 362451
Coastal Letting Specialists

CALL US TODAY ON 01590 362451
E MAIL (……..)

Exercise 7. Find out from this clipping how the location and quality of schools affect
the price of property and rents.

DAILY EXPRESS 29.8.2011, p. 25


PARENTS pay up to £77,000 extra to rest of the UK, taking average prices to
live within the catchment area of a top £298,378 against the national average of
performing state school, new research £221,110.
has found. Rents near the top schools are also
Houses near the 50 best schools are affected, being 7.8 per cent higher than
35 per cent more expensive than in the the rest of Britain.

Exercise 8. Read, translate and memorise this amusing1 definition. See what effect it
will have on your comrades.
Flat — a place where you start to turn off2 the radio and find you’ve been listening to the
neighbour’s for half an hour.

amusing — забавный
to turn off — выключать
Renting a flat 15


Estate Agents • Auctioneers • Valuers
334 Lyme Road, Highcliffe-on-Sea, Christchurch, Dorset BH23 5EY
Tel: (01425) 277557 Fax: (01425) 274445
22nd July 1996
1 Bed 1st floor flat. Unfurnished. Double Bedroom
ALUMHURST ROAD, with bathroom, large lounge, kitchen and off road
WESTBORNE parking. 50 yards from main shops.
£350.00 pcm

2 Bed modern 2nd floor flat, spacious lounge/din-

ing room, bathroom, modern kitchen, parking.
Unfurnished £500.00 pcm

2 Bed Modern Gallery 1st floor flat. Opposite golf

course. Parking.
£475.00 pcm
SEA ROAD, BARTON ON 1 to 6 bed 1st floor flat. Garden. Parking. Offers
SEA Invited. Short term lets.
3 Bed Modern terrace house, lounge, dining room,
GLEN CLOSE, BARTON ON garden, 2 double bedrooms, 1 single bedroom,
SEA bathroom, garage, off road parking.
£535.00 pcm
Unique unfurnished 3 Bed 1st floor flat set within
12th Century Country House. Set in approx 10
acres of ground the property benefits from 3
HURN, CHRISTCHURCH double bedrooms, 1 en-suite, bathroom, kitchen,
study and lounge all overlooking the grounds. Lift,
garage, tennis courts and access to the river front-
age also provided. £1300.00 pcm

Exercise 9. Read, translate and memorise this joke. Tell it to a comrade.

(John and Max have come to a new development1 to view a flat they want to rent)
J: Let’s check if the walls in this flat are soundproof2 enough.
M: Yes, let’s.
J: Now you go to the other room. (Max does so.) Hallo, Max. Can you hear me?
M: Hear you? I can see you, my dear friend.

a new development — новый микрорайон
soundproof — звуконепроницаемый

(1) Making a reservation
(Hotel receptionist in London and Mr. Olenin in Moscow)
H. r. (picks up the receiver): The President. How can I help you?
O.: I should like to book a room for my wife and myself.
H. r.: What is your name, please?
O.: Mr. and Mrs. Vladimir Olenin of Moscow.
H. r.: Thank you, sir. When do you expect to arrive?
O.: On the 1st of July.
H. r.: That’s fine, because all rooms are in use until the 30th of June. For how many nights?
O.: For 4 nights, please. Is there a discount for a longer stay?
H. r.: Yes, but during the low season only, on a stay of no less than 5 nights. Would you
like a twin or a double room?
O.: A twin room. What is your rate per person per night?
H. r.: It’s the high season. So it’ll be 70 pounds per person per night, bed and breakfast.
And, of course, your bill will include any extras.
O.: Do we get a full traditional English breakfast?
H. r.: No, a continental one. But three course table d’hôte dinner with coffee could be
provided as an extra: a starter, main course and sweet. You can also choose from the à la
carte menu and pay an additional charge. And, by the way, there is no refund for meals
not taken. Besides, drinks are not included.
O.: Are there tea and coffee making facilities in the room?
H. r.: Yes, we provide tea and coffee making facilities in all rooms. Besides, you can order
a meal to be brought to your room. We have a chargeable 24 hour room service.
O.: Are there good restaurants nearby?
H. r.: Yes, there is a carver restaurant right across the street. Buffet lunches and dinners
can be had at reasonable prices.
O.: Is there TV and en-suite facilities?
H. r.: Yes, all our rooms have colour TV and en-suite facilities, including private bath
and shower.
O.: Do I pay for the room in advance?
H. r.: No, you needn’t. No pre-payment or deposit is required. You can settle prior to your
departure from the hotel.
O.: Oh, I quite forgot. I should like a room on the first floor facing the courtyard, not the
street. I hate a noise at night. I’m a light sleeper.
H. r.: Very good, sir. I’ll see what we have left. Yes, you’ll have it. May I have your credit
card details, please?
O.: What do you need them for?
H. r.: All guests making reservations by phone are requested to guarantee their bookings
with a credit card.
Hotel 17

O.: Will a Visa credit card issued by Sberbank do? I have a US dollar account there.
H. r.: Oh, yes. A card issued by Sberbank is fine for payment. We accept all Visa credit
cards no matter where they are issued.
O.: Very well, then. Here you are:
Credit card number...
Name on card...
Expiry date...
H. r.: Thank you, sir. I  have reserved for you a  twin room on the first floor facing
the courtyard, for four nights, starting the 1st of July. Bedrooms are available from
2 pm on the day of arrival. Departure is at 12 noon. However, if you wish to con-
tinue using your room after this time, please ask at reception and we will help you if
we can.
O.: I’ll bear that in mind. Thank you very much.
H. r.: Thank you, sir. I’m sure you will enjoy your stay at the President. Have a good trip.
O.: Thanks a lot.
H. r.: It’s a pleasure.
O.: Bye!
H. r.: Good-bye.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
account — счёт (в банке или к оплате) departure — выезд, отлёт, отправ-
am = ante meridiem — до полудня ление; зд.: выезд из гостиницы (syn.
to bear smth in mind, AE to keep smth checkout) (ant. cheсkin)
in mind — иметь что-л. в виду deposit — залог
bill, syn. account — счёт (к оплате) details — зд.: реквизиты
breakfast dinner
continental b. — континентальный à la carte d. — обед с выбором блюд
завтрак (без горячих блюд) из меню
full English b. — полный англий- table d’hôte d. — комплексный обед
ский завтрак (с горячими блюдами) discount — скидка
buffet [bfe] — шведский стол expiry date — срок годности
carver restaurant, syn. carvery — ре- extra — дополнительная плата
сторан со шведским столом, где, to face, syn. to look out — выходить
в частности, клиенту нарезают мясо куда-либо (об окнах) eg. The room
по его выбору faces the courtyard, syn. The room looks
charge — запрашиваемая оплата out on the courtyard
chargeable — платный, за дополни- facility — удобство, приспособление,
тельную плату принадлежность
course — блюдо (первое, второе и т. д.) en-suite facilities — удобства в номере
main с. — второе блюдо tea and coffee making facilities —
courtyard — двор чайные и кофейные принадлеж-
credit card — кредитная карточка ности
18 Unit 2

Vocabulary notes
floor — этаж receptionist  — дежурный админи-
first f. — первый этаж (АЕ), второй стратор
этаж (BE) refund — возврат денег
ground f. — первый этаж (BE) room
in advance — заранее double r. — двухместный номер;
in use — занят (зд.: о номере в гости- номер с двуспальной кроватью (BE)
нице) single r. — одноместный номер
to issue — выпускать twin r. — номер с двумя кроватями
It’s a pleasure; AE You are welcome — (BE), номер из двух комнат (АЕ)
Пожалуйста (в ответ на «Спасибо») to book a r., syn. to make a book-
light sleeper — чутко спящий человек ing — заказывать номер
night — зд.: сутки to reserve a r., syn. to make a reserva-
no matter where — где бы ни tion — (за)бронировать номер
to pick up the receiver — снимать season
трубку (телефона) low s. — низкий сезон
pm = post meridiem — после полудня high s. — высокий сезон
(ср. выше: am) to settle (a bill / an account) — оплатить
pre-payment — предоплата счёт
private — зд.: отдельный starter  — первое блюдо (закуска или
rate — стоимость (номера) суп)
reasonable price — умеренная цена sweet, AE dessert [dzt] — десерт
reception — регистратура гостиницы Thanks a lot. — Большое спасибо.

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of the following Rus-
sian words, phrases and sentences:
Счастливого пути; перед выездом из гостиницы; в  двенадцать часов дня; срок
годности; Слушаю вас; предоплата; номер на втором этаже с  окном во двор;
У меня чуткий сон; Я буду иметь это в виду; умеренная цена; стоимость в сутки
на одного человека; на сколько суток; реквизиты кредитной карточки; номера
можно занимать; все номера заняты; владелец карточки; Пожалуйста (в ответ на
«Cпасибо»); Не переношу шума ночью.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1) What do you need them ... ? 2) All rooms are ... use ... the 30th ... June. 3) Do I pay ...
the room ... advance? 4) Bedrooms are available ... 2pm ... the day ... arrival. 5) A card
issued ... Sberbank is fine ... payment. 6) ... how many nights? 7) There is a discount...
a longer stay ... the low season ... a stay ... no less than 5 nights. 8) I hate a noise ... night.
9) All guests making reservations ... phone are requested to guarantee their bookings ...
a credit card. 10) ... the way, there is no refund ... meals not taken. 11) Ask ... reception.
12) You can order a meal to be brought ... your room. 13) What’s your rate ... person ...
Hotel 19

night? 14) You can settle prior ... your departure ... the hotel. 15) I have reserved ... you
a twin room ... the first floor ... four nights. 16) Buffet lunches and dinners can be had
... reasonable prices. 17) There is a carver restaurant right... the street. 18) I’ll bear that...

Exercise 3. In the dialogue above, find counterparts1 of these phrases.

Example: facing the courtyard — facing the street
The room is vacant, low season, a heavy sleeper, a twin room, a full traditional English
breakfast, à la carte dinner, it will cost seventy pounds for one person for the night.

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. What is the name of the hotel?
2. Why was it impossible to book a room for a date before the 30th of June?
3. For how many nights was the room reserved?
4. What is the difference between a twin and a double room?
5. What is the collective term covering a tea kettle2, teapot3, coffee percolator4, coffee pot5,
cups, saucers6 and teaspoons7?
6. What would you call a restaurant that mainly serves roasted8 meats?
7. Do guests settle when checking in9 or out10?
8. Are you a light or a heavy sleeper?
9. What did the receptionist need the guest’s credit card details for?

Exercise 5. Read this letter with a description of the Royal Lodge Hotel.
Dear Gregory,
I have booked a room at the hotel described below from 29 July — 4 Aug. It seems a nice
friendly & cosy11 place which I visited this morning. A week of solid12 sunny days here and
very hot.
Hope you have a good trip.

counterpart — смежное понятие
tea kettle — чайник для кипятка
teapot — чайник для заварки чая
coffee percolator — кофеварка
coffee pot — кофейник
saucer — блюдце
teaspoon — чайная ложка
to roast — жарить (мясо)
to check in — въезжать (в гостиницу) (syn. to check into a hotel)
to check out — выезжать (из гостиницы)
cosy — уютный
solid — сплошной, подряд
Love — Привет!
20 Unit 2


Privately run1 hotel, friendly atmosphere. 2 single: 4 twin: 9 double: 2

Close to shops and bus route. family
Two minutes from beach2. (15 en-suite)

Large bird garden at rear. Open all year.

All rooms with TV. Non-smoking.
Full English breakfast. Swimming pool.
Dinner available all year. Children welcome.
Packed lunches. Dogs welcome.
Special diets provided. Ground floor rooms available.
Liquor3 licence4. Major credit cards accepted.
Licensed bar. Parking.
Tea and coffee making facilities Reduced rates for OAPs5 in low
in bedrooms. season.

Centrally heated6 throughout. Baby sitting service available.

Now answer these questions:

1. For how long was the room booked?123456
2. How far is the hotel from the seashore?
3. How many rooms are not en-suite?
4. What meals and drinks are available?
5. When are rates for OAPs reduced?
6. Who are ground floor rooms meant for?

to run — зд.: управлять
beach — пляж
liquor [lk] — алкогольный напиток; ср.: liqueur [kj] ликёр
licence, AE license — лицензия
OAP — Old Age Pensioner, syn. (AE, BE) senior citizen — пенсионер по возрасту
centrally heated — с центральным отоплением
Hotel 21

Exercise 6. Read the fax message1 below (use a dictionary where necessary).

King George Hotel

18 Windsor Street, Christchurch, Dorset, BH23 IDT.
Telephone: 01202 484222/3. Fax: 01202 475555.

Our Reference:...CF/AG/7937



We are pleased to confirm the following reservation for you at the King George
6.7.1997 — 13.7.1997 (7 night/s)
We have reserved FAMILY room/s for you with en-suite facilities, at a tariff of
MIDWEEK £55.00 + £10
WEEKEND £60.00 +£10. TOTAL £470
The tariff includes Full English Breakfast and VAT.

PLEASE NOTE: During your stay functions may be held in the hotel and music
may be heard in some of the rooms until midnight. We endeavour to allocate
our guests away from the function however sometimes this is not possible.
Please contact us before your arrival if you are concerned.

We look forward to welcoming you to the King George Hotel, and we wish you
a pleasant journey to Christchurch.

Assuring you of our personal attention at all times.

Yours sincerely
Mr Gerald Watson
General Manager

Now answer these questions:

1. What is the postcode2 of the hotel?
2. Which rate is higher, midweek or weekend, and why?
3. What kind of breakfast does the tariff include?
4. What did the General Manager warn the future guest about?
fax message — сообщение по факсу
postcode, AE zip code — почтовый индекс
22 Unit 2

Exercise 7. Read and translate this letter (use a dictionary where necessary) and then
answer these questions:
1. What is it the author does not like about hotels?
2. What is his suggestion1?
3. Which hotels does he find the worst?

LOS ANGELES TIMES 1.1. 2006, p. 10

Extra fees? He will gladly say, ‘No way’

About 15 days per month, I travel all over the world for my business, and I’ve found
that these extra fees, especially bad in the U.S., are really getting out of hand.
My suggestion is to ask for the general manager, not the front-desk manager, and
tell him or her you will not be paying a resort fee or a $3 per-call fee or any other
fee that’s made up to throw on the bill.
Some of the worst situations I have seen:
■ A hotel in Paris wanted to charge a daily parking fee of 35 euros (about $41),
which is fine, and a per-event parking fee of 12 euros (about $14) every time they
put the car in and out of the garage.
■ At a hotel in Venice, Italy, one bowl of Cheerios with warm milk for breakfast,
32 euros (about $38).
When my wife asked for one extra poached egg, they tried to charge 8 euros ($9) for
one egg. I told them I would pay 2 euros; they said fine.
Stephen G. Lee
Los Angeles

Exercise 8. Read, translate and memorise the following jokes. Tell them to your friends.
The visitor paid his bill at the fashionable2 hotel, and as he went out, he noticed a sign
near the door, ‘Have you left anything?’3 So he went back and spoke to the manager.
“That sign’s wrong,” he said. “It should read ‘Have you anything left?’4”
“The new washerwoman5 has stolen two of our towels.”
“The thief! Which ones, dear?”
“The ones we got from the hotel in Miami.”

suggestion — предложение (вносимое)
fashionable — модный
Have you left anything? — Вы что-нибудь оставили?
Have you anything left? — У вас что-нибудь осталось?
washerwoman — прачка
Hotel 23

Traveller: This is my first visit to your town, could you tell me how many hotels you have here?
Local man: We have two.
Traveller: Now, which of the two could you recommend?
Local man: Well, frankly speaking, it’s like this, sir. Whichever one you go to, you’ll be
sorry you didn’t go to the other.
A man was taking a late holiday at the seaside. On the second morning of his arrival the
manager came up to his breakfast table.
“I hope everything is all right, sir?” he asked.
“Well, I only wish I had come to this hotel a month ago,” replied the guest.
“Oh, sir,” smiled the manager, “I’m happy to hear that! You flatter1 my place!”
“Not at all,” replied the visitor. “What I mean is that I’d rather have eaten these eggs then
than now.”
Exercise 9. Register as a guest of a hotel. To do so, complete2 the form3 below.




Thank you very much for your time.

to flatter — льстить
to complete; syn. to fill in/up; AE to fill out — заполнять
form — бланк (RTB — Royal Tourist Board = Управление туризма Великоборитании)
24 Unit 2

Exercise 10. Read and translate this description of ZIP and ZIP+4 Codes (use a dic-
tionary where necessary).
ZIP (Zone Improvement Plan) Code — Established in 1963, the system of 5-digit codes
that identifies the individual post office or metropolitan area delivery station associated
with an address. The first three digits identify the delivery area of a sectional center facil-
ity or a major-city post office serving the delivery address area. The next two (the fourth
and fifth) digits identify the delivery area of an associate post office, post office branch,
or post office station. All post offices are assigned at least one unique 5-digit code. ZIP+4
is an enhanced code consisting of the 5-digit ZIP Code and four additional digits that
identify a specific range of delivery addresses. ZIP Code is a USPS trademark.

ZIP+4 — The nine-digit numeric code, established in 1981, composed of two parts: (a)
The initial code: the first five digits that identify the sectional center facility and delivery
area associated with the address, followed by a hyphen; and (b) the four-digit expanded
code: the first two additional digits designate the sector (a geographic area) and the last
two digits designate the segment (a building, floor, etc.). ZIP+4 is a USPS trademark.

Now answer these questions:

1. How do you decipher the abbreviations ZIP and USPS?
2. When were the ZIP and ZIP+4 Codes established?
3. What trademark are they?
4. What do their digits identify?
25 Unit
Chapter 1

А: In a hotel advertisement I saw among other things ‘H & С all rooms’. What is meant?
B: Hot and cold water in all rooms.
А: What security precautions are to be taken by hotel guests?
B: On the inside of your door you are likely to read:

Please bolt the door and deposit valuables at the desk.
Thank you
The management

А: What if I need to be woken at a certain time?

B: Just ask the reception and, in the morning, your phone will ring at the right time and
you will hear something like “Good morning. This is your automatic wake-up call. We
wish you a very pleasant day.”
А: I heard people say ‘public hotel’ and ‘private hotel’. Does this mean that some hotels are
owned by the public while others are private property?
B: Oh, no. That has nothing to do with ownership and everything to do with drinks. In
a public hotel, drinks are served at the bar both to those having a meal and to outsiders. Any-
one can drop in for a drink. In a private hotel, drinks are served only to those having a meal.
А: And one last question. What’s the difference between hotels, inns, guesthouses and B&Bs?
B: An inn is a small pub or hotel, especially one built in the style of many centuries ago.
A guesthouse is a small hotel. Guesthouses are cheaper than hotels. A B&B is a private
house or a small hotel that provides a place to sleep for the night and breakfast the next
morning for a fixed price.

Vocabulary notes
among other things — в частности drink n — (алкогольный) напиток, вы-
B&B = Bed and Breakfast пивка
to bolt the door — запирать дверь to serve a d. — подавать алкогольный
на засов напиток
to deposit — помещать, сдавать на to drop in — заходить
хранение guesthouse — небольшая гостиница
desk — зд.: регистратура гостиницы inn — пивная или небольшая гостини-
(syn. reception), дежурный админи- ца (под старину)
стратор (syn. receptionist) inside — внутренняя сторона
26 Unit 3

Vocabulary notes
management — администрация security — безопасность
outsider — посторонний, человек s. precaution — мера предосторожно-
со стороны сти/безопасности
ownership (of smth) — владение valuables — ценности
(чём-л.), собственность (на что-л.) to deposit v. — сдавать ценности
property — зд.: собственность; ср. на хранение
выше: р. — жилое помещение, не- wake-up call — побудка по теле-
движимость фону
pub, syn. public house — пивная wake-up service — служба побудки

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of the following Rus-
sian phrases:
в определённое время; в нужное время; среди прочего; автоматическая служба по-
будки; сдавать ценности на хранение в регистратуру; вы, возможно, прочитаете;
зайти выпить; нужно, чтобы меня разбудили; закрывать двери на засов; много ве-
ков назад; Это не имеет ничего общего с собственностью; принимать меры безо-
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) Anyone can drop ... ... a drink. 2) ... the inside ... your door you are likely to read: ...
security. Please bolt the door and deposit valuables ... the desk. 3) That has nothing to do
... ownership. 4) What security precautions are to be taken ... hotel guests? 5) ... the morn-
ing, your phone will ring ... the right time. 6) A B&B is a private house or a small hotel
that provides a place to sleep ... the night and breakfast the next morning ... a fixed price.
7) What if I need to be woken ... a certain time? 8) ... a public hotel, drinks are served ...
the bar both ... those having a meal and ... outsiders.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. If there is no safe deposit box in your hotel room, where are you supposed to deposit
your valuables (if any)?
2. What is the difference between public and private hotels?
3. Where do inns differ from hotels, guesthouses and B&Bs?
4. If you want to spend less, where will you stay, at a hotel, inn, guesthouse or B&B?
Exercise 4. Read, translate and memorise these jokes. Tell them to your comrades.
Two reporters sharing a hotel room left separate wake-up calls one night for 8 and 9 a. m.
the next morning. This puzzled1 the desk clerk. At 7 a.m. he rang the reporters’ room and
asked: “Which time do you want to be called — 8 or 9?”
Visiting delegate (to hotel clerk): Why didn’t you call me at seven-thirty this morning?
Clerk (politely): Because you didn’t go to bed till eight.
to puzzle — озадачивать
Hotel 27

Exercise 5. Read and translate this clipping1 (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY EXPRESS 23.6.2006, p. 17

Have I left anything in hotel? Oh, the baby...

A STUFFED crocodile and an urn con- en leg, a  wedding ring found after the
taining a  loved one’s ashes are some of wedding reception, and an ice pick.
the bizarre things people have left in ho- Underwear, car keys, rings and other
tels. small personal items are the most com-
But they are not the most worry- mon possessions left behind.
ing items left behind ... one couple even The list was compiled after Swallow
forgot their six-month-old daughter Hotels quizzed managers at more than
as they checked out in a  rush to get to 130 of their establishments nationwide.
a wedding on time. One manager revealed how a caring
A football fan left a  pair of FA Cup mum forgot 12 pots of home-made rasp-
final tickets and a  bookseller forgot his berry jam she had made for her hard-up
complete set of the works of Shakespeare. student son. Swallow’s chief executive
Other strange items included a wedding Peter Gray said the owners were reunited
dress, kinky role-play uniforms, a wood- with their possessions in most cases.

Now answer these questions:

1. What things do people leave in hotels?1
2. What did one couple leave behind and why?
3. Do absent-minded2 guests get back their things?
Exercise 6. Find out from this clipping how the guests were fooled by the hotel man-

TELEGRAPH TRAVEL 23.7.2011, p. 17

And the worst hotel you’ve stayed in?

About seven years ago we went to a hotel looked like the hotel was sitting in a beau-
on Virgin Gorda, one of the British Virgin tiful bay, but it was miles from the beach.
Islands. We do a lot of research before we The staff were dreadful, the room was
book up but all I can say is that this one awful, the food was poor — it was disap-
was highly exaggerated. In the brochure it pointing on every level.

clipping — вырезка из газеты
absent-minded — рассеянный

А: What does the hotel bill include?
B: Room and continental breakfast, that is tea (in England usually with milk) or coffee,
a roll or toast, butter or margarine and sugar, marmalade, jam or honey. You could have
a full English breakfast instead, but that would cost a few pounds more.
А: What is a full English breakfast?
B: In addition to a  continental one, it includes fruit juice (orange, grapefruit), cereals
with milk or hot water, sausages, bacon, egg (fried, scrambled, boiled or poached), mush-
rooms, beans, fried tomatoes and sometimes kippers. You could also help yourself to
cheese, yoghurt, fresh and stewed fruit (usually prunes and sliced grapefruit). And other
side dishes, that is trimmings and sauces.
А: What cereals are there to choose from?
B: Porridge, Corn Flakes, All Bran, Rice Krispies, Weetabix, Weetaflakes, Puffed Wheat,
muesli and a few others.
А: What is the difference between Weetabix and Weetaflakes?
B: Both are made from processed wheat. But it may be formed into blocks or flakes.
А: I’m asking you for all details because I wanted to know where a full English breakfast
differs from a full Irish one.
B: In addition to eggs, bacon, sausages, beans and tomatoes, an Irish breakfast may con-
tain puddings — white (oatmeal, onions, beef suet, spices and seasoning, sometimes also
pork meat and some other ingredients) and/or black (blood — pig, lamb or goose, suet,
milk, oatmeal, onions, herbs, pepper, nutmeg).
А: And how about other English speaking countries? Do they have respectively a full
American, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand breakfast?
B: No, they simply call it “cooked breakfast”.
А: As for me, I prefer buffet breakfasts with plenty of dishes to choose from and you eat
as much as you like or “eat all you can”. Such “help yourself ” breakfasts are typical of four
and five star hotels. They are worth getting out of bed for.
B: But if no buffet breakfast is available, which would you rather have, a  hotel room,
В&В or just renting a room?
А: Just renting a room or a self-catering apartment.
B: Why?
А: Because then I can have for breakfast what I want, the way I want it and when I want it.
B: Sounds sensible enough. But if you are here for a short stay, say a night or two, then
you won’t have the time for buying and cooking the food you want.
А: But I could go to a tearoom, tea shop or coffee bar.
B: What would you have at a tearoom?
А: I fancy cream tea: a pot of tea with scones, jam and clotted cream.
Meals 29

B: How about fish tea? Did you ever have that?

А: You mean fish and chips plus tea? I once had it in a Café Bar named ‘Smugglers’ on the
Promenade not far from Edinburgh.
B: Smugglers? Why such an exotic name for a Café Bar?
А: Because it is on the shore of the Firth of Forth. Smugglers may or may not have landed
there, but closeness of the sea justifies the use of such romantic names. But to get back
to meals. Another possibility is to buy a meal, say fish and chips, to take away. In some
eateries, they advertise ‘Eat in or take away’.
B: In Scotland they more often say ‘carry out’, which is an Americanism as are ‘to take
out’ and ‘to go’.
А: But when I am hard pressed for time, I drop into a sandwicherie and have a couple of
sandwiches and something to wash them down with. As for lunch, I stick to something
simple: a starter (appetiser or soup), the main course and hot or cold sweet1. No five-
course lunch for me.
B: What’s your favourite cold sweet?
A: Strawberries and cream.
B: You can’t beat the English at strawberries! When it comes to gathering the crop, we
are so short-handed that townspeople are invited to the countryside to pick strawberries.
They are allowed to eat as much as they can and take home a basketful each. Just the job
for you.
A: What is your last meal of the day?
B: I don’t think the traditional English dinner at 6 PM or later is a healthy habit. Tastes
differ, of course, but my last meal is the five o’clock tea.
A: The funny thing is that the English have their five o’clock tea four o’clockish. It’s five
o’clock only in name.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
appetiser — закуска и аперитив перед coffee bar — кофейня, кафе (syn.: café bar)
обедом countryside — сельская местность
bacon [bekn] — бекон cream — сливки
basketful — полная корзина clotted с. — густые топлёные сливки
bean — фасоль dish — блюдо (как посуда и как еда)
to beat smb at smth — превзойти side d. — гарнир (например, салат),
кого-л. в чем-л. подаваемый к мясному или к рыбно-
beef — говядина му блюду
bran — отруби to drop into a place — зайти куда-л.; см.
All Bran — отруби без добавок (на- выше: syn. to drop in
пример, изюма); ср. AE: Bran with eatery — закусочная, столовая
Raisins — отруби с изюмом egg — яйцо
cereal — «злаковое» блюдо boiled e. — вареное яйцо

In bars of Australian hotels, a ‘counter lunch’ can be had. It’s evening version is ‘counter tea’
(counter — буфетная стойка)
30 Unit 4

Vocabulary notes
fried e. — яичница-глазунья prune — чернослив
poached e. — яйцо, сваренное без Puffed Wheat — «воздушное» пшено
скорлупы в металлической форме respectively — соответственно
scrambled e. — яичница-драчёна, Rice Krispies — «воздушный» рис
омлет roll — булочка
firth — фиорд sandwicherie — бутербродная, syn.
flakes — хлопья takeaway sandwich bar
Corn F. — корнфлекс, кукурузные scone — ячменная или пшеничная
хлопья лепешка
to get back to smth — возвращаться seasoning — приправа
к чему-л. self-catering apartment — квартира
hard pressed for time — испытываю- с кухней
щий острый недостаток времени sensible — разумный
to help oneself to smth. — угощаться shore — берег моря
чем-л., брать себе на тарелку что-л. short-handed — испытывающий не-
honey [hni] — мёд хватку рабочих рук
I fancy — мне нравится to slice — нарезать тонкими ломтиками
in addition to — в добавление к smuggler — контрабандист
ingredient [ngr dint] — ингреди-
spice — специя
ент, компонент
stewed fruit — компот
-ish — суффикс со значением прибли-
to stick (stuck, stuck) to smth — придер-
зительности, напр.: four o’clockish —
живаться чего-л.
примерно в четыре часа, часа в че-
suet [sut] — околопочечный жир
herbs — зелень, травы tastes differ — вкусы не совпадают,
Just the job for you. — Как раз работа о вкусах не спорят, «на вкус и цвет
для вас. товарищей нет»
to justify — оправдывать (что-л.) to take away, АЕ, ScE to carry out, АЕ to
kipper — копчёная селёдка take out, to go — навынос, с собой
muesli — мюсли (овсяные хлопья tea — чай
грубого помола, орехи, изюм, куски cream t. — чай с лепёшками, джемом
сушёных бананов, яблок и др.) и густыми топлёными сливками
nutmeg — мускатный орех fish t. — рыба с жареным картофелем
oatmeal — овсяная крупа и чай
onion [njn] — лук tearoom — чайная (syn.: tea shop)
pepper — перец townspeople — горожане
to pick strawberries — собирать trimming — приправа, гарнир
клубнику to wash smth down with smth — запи-
pork — свинина вать что-л. чем-л.
porridge — овсяная каша Weetabix — пшеничные пластины
pot of tea — чайник с чаем Weetaflakes — пшеничные хлопья
promenade — прибрежная аллея wheat — пшеница
Meals 31

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of the following Rus-
sian phrases and sentences:
Когда подходит время сбора урожая; Когда вы едите последний раз?; выбирать из;
когда у меня очень мало времени; запить что-л.; Что касается меня, то я; множе-
ство блюд; в дополнение к; брать себе; близость моря; снятие комнаты; навынос;
Но вернёмся к; есть на завтрак; Интересно, что; Как насчёт; Но если нет шведского
стола; на морском берегу; что бы вы предпочли; Чем полный английский завтрак
отличается от полного ирландского?; звучит довольно разумно; пятизвёздочная
гостиница; У нас такая нехватка рабочей силы.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and an adverb.

1) Help yourself ... cheese. 2) What dishes are there to choose ... ? 3) Eat ... or take ... . 4) Such
breakfasts are typical ... four and five star hotels. 5) I am here ... a short stay. 6) Have a glass
of water to wash your food ... ... . 7) You can’t beat the English … strawberries!

Exercise 3. Find in the text synonyms of the following words and phrases:
to take away, tearoom, café (bar), cooked breakfast.

Exercise 4. Find in the text counterparts of the following words and phrases:
to be in no hurry, fresh fruit, butter, a long stay, scrambled egg, boiled egg.

Exercise 5. Answer the following questions:

1. Where does a full English breakfast differ from a continental one?
2. What are the counterparts of a full English breakfast in other English speaking coun-
3. What are the advantages1 of renting a room over staying in a hotel room?
4. When is a hotel room preferable2?
5. What is cream tea?
6. What is fish tea?
7. On what terms are townspeople invited to pick strawberries?

Exercise 6. Bear in mind that “4 o’clockish” means около 4 часов. Now translate the
1. “You are still young.” “Youngish.” 2. A car will pick you up at 12.30 (’ish). 3. James
smiled, wondering how old she was. Twenty-five? Ish? 4. “He’s tall. Ish. And good-look-
ing. Ish. And a blond.” “Ish?” 5. We were latish. 6. “The sky is blue.” “Bluish.” 7. Come at
three or fourish. 8. Slightly dampish roads. 9. After work, it would be latish. 10. “When
is the ambulance3 coming?” “Nowish.”

advantage — преимущество
preferable — предпочтительный
ambulance — скорая помощь
32 Unit 4

Exercise 7. What will you have for breakfast? Indicate1 your choice by underlining
starters and ticking2 the boxes3.


Breakfast Menu
Please help yourself from a  selection of starters on the cold buffet, including juice,
cereal, prunes, grapefruit segments and yoghurt. Toast is served.

Please indicate your choice by ticking the boxes:


Main Courses:
A full breakfast (Bacon, sausage, fried egg, tomato, mushroom, soda bread)
Or choose from any combination of the following:
Bacon Sausage Tomato
Soda bread Egg: — Fried Mushroom
or Poached
Boiled eggs
Scrambled eggs on toast With: Bacon
Tea Coffee

It would help our plans tremendously4 if you could complete this

menu card and leave it at the reception desk the night before.

to indicate — указывать
to tick — отмечать галочкой
box — зд.: клеточка
tremendously — очень, чрезвычайно
Meals 33

Exercise 8. Find out from this clipping how many people were polled and what per-
centage of Germans, Americans and French preferred the full English breakfast.

DAILY EXPRESS 16.7.2011, p.31

Full English fry-up is world’s top breakfast

NO matter how exotic the holiday it seems that one thing — breakfast — is forever
An international survey of travellers has revealed that the traditional English fry-
up is the world’s favourite breakfast.
Even 36 per cent of French people say they would prefer a plate of bacon and
eggs to a croissant.
More than half — 55 per cent — of Britons abroad prefer a fry-up, as do 47 per
cent of Germans, a survey by Hotels.com found.
Of the 2,400 polled, 17 per cent said the UK had the best breakfasts. Second was
the US with 14 per cent while France came third with 11 per cent.
Full English is first choice for travellers.

Exercise 9. Read, translate and memorise these jokes. Tell them to your comrades.
“What do you call this, tea or coffee?” asked the angry customer. “It tastes like castor oil1.”
“If it tastes like castor oil,” said the waiter, “I can guarantee it’s coffee, because our tea
tastes like dishwater2.”

Man: Waiter, I want to complain about this horrible food. Please, may I see the Chef3?
Waiter: I’m afraid not, sir, he’s just gone out to lunch.

Man: Waiter, I’d like some tea without milk.

Waiter: I’m sorry, sir, we haven’t got any milk. What about tea without cream?

A waiter was suddenly taken to hospital to be operated on. As he lay on the operating
table, in great pain, he saw a doctor in white pass by4.
“Doctor, I’m in great pain. Would you mind taking care of me?”
“I’m sorry, but this isn’t my table.”

Patient: Doctor, every time I have a cup of tea, I get a stabbing pain in my eye.
Doctor: Well, try taking the spoon out.

castor oil — касторка
dishwater — помои
chef [
ef] — шеф-повар
to pass by — проходит мимо
34 Unit 4

Exercise 10. The article (fragment) below illustrates the strawberry picking practice.
Read and translate it (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY MAIL 20.6.2008, p.35

The strawberry farm where

too many visitors picked their own
(and ate them all before they paid)
By Andrew Levy
ANYONE who’s spent a  sunny after- ‘We’d expect to make about £40,000
noon in a ‘pick your own’ strawberry during the strawberry season but we
field will have been tempted to nibble lost £10,000 of that to greedy gorgers.
a few along the way. We spotted one family sitting in the field
And for 50 years, Hacker’s Fruit Farm with a bowl of water to wash them and
was content to put up with a  little bit then a bowl of cream they were dipping
of deceit as customers made their way them in.
through rows of plants weighed down ‘One woman came up to the counter,
by fruit. covered in juice on her trousers, up her
But the manager has now ripped up arms and even in her hair. But she handed
the entire crop after becoming fed up at over a punnet with four strawberries in.
pickers gorging themselves for free on ‘A mum walked into the shop with
what was supposed to be his livelihood. her family and her sari was bulging with
Mark Spight said he had been los- fruit. But her husband handed over an
ing a  quarter of each year’s yield to empty basket saying they couldn’t find
greedy punters at the farm in Dry Dray- any.’
ton, Cambridgeshire. ‘Children would rip up the green fruit
Mr Spight said: ‘The cheek of people and throw them at each other but the
was unbelievable. People were treating parents would get defensive if you con-
it like a giant open buffet. fronted them.’

Now answer these questions:

1. Are townspeople really allowed to eat as much as they can and take home a basketful
2. What did the manager dislike about the pickers?
3. How did he word his dislike?
4. What was his loss during the strawberry season?
5. What examples of pickers’ impudence1 did he cite2?
impudence — нахальство, наглость
to cite an example — приводить пример
Meals 35

Exercise 11. Did you know any of these 5 things about strawberries? Which ones?

DAILY EXPRESS 28.6.2011, p. 47

Five things you never knew about… strawberries


1. The strawberry is a ‘false fruit’. 4. There are over 30 varieties of Brit-

Strictly, each seed on its outside is ish strawberry, though according to
a fruit in its own right. a recent survey, 40 per cent of peo-
2. The town of Wépion, Belgium, is ple do not know there are different
home to the Musée de la Fraise or varieties.
Strawberry Museum. 5. ‘Doubtless God could have made
3. Five strawberries provide more vi- a  better berry but doubtless God
tamin С than an average orange. never did’ (William Butler, physician,
praising the strawberry around 1600).

А: To get back to breakfast. What do the English have their porridge with?
B: That’s an interesting point. Porridge originally comes from Scotland, where it is eat-
en with salt. In England, we have porridge and other cereals with milk and sugar or
А: Can one have buckwheat gruel for breakfast?
B: No, we use buckwheat mostly as food for hens, and for making pancakes.
А: Some people in Russia, especially children, have semolina for breakfast. What about
B: In England, semolina is eaten not for breakfast, but as a sweet, for instance, semolina
pudding, which people sometimes have after the main course.
А: What is marmalade made of?
B: Try to guess.
А: Apples, pears, plums?
B: Wrong. Try again.
А: Could it be strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries, cranberries, blueberries, blackber-
ries or currants?
B: Which currants do you mean, black, red or white?
А: Well, any of those.
B: No, this time you missed it by a mile.
А: Please, stop pulling my leg and tell me what it is. I give up.
B: OK. You forgot citrus fruits: lime, lemon, grapefruit and orange. It’s them, mostly or-
ange, that English marmalade is made of.
А: And, finally, three more questions. The first — what is trifle?
B: It’s my favourite sweet. It’s made of sponge cake, tinned fruit or berries (apricots,
peaches, raspberries etc.) with jelly, whipped cream, custard and sometimes sherry on
А: Sounds nice. Even makes my mouth water. The second question is about two more
sweets. What’s the difference between a cake and a gâteau?
B: A gâteau is a cake filled or decorated on top with cream, fruit, nuts, etc.
А: And my final question is, what kind of animal is Welsh rabbit?
B: “Welsh rabbit” is no animal. It is a shorter way of saying “Welsh rarebit”. It is savoury
food made by putting cheese, sometimes mixed with other things such as milk, beer,
flour and spices, onto bread, sometimes with a piece of tomato on top of the cheese. It is
then heated so that the cheese melts.
(To be continued)
Meals 37

Vocabulary notes
apricot — абрикос hen — курица
berry — ягода It makes my mouth water — У меня от
blackberry — ежевика этого слюнки текут
blueberry — черника jelly — желе
cranberry — клюква lime — лайм (мелкий зеленоватый
gooseberry — крыжовник лимон)
raspberry [r zbri] — малина to melt — таять, плавиться
strawberry — клубника to miss smth by a mile — сильно про-
buckwheat — гречка махнуться
cake — пирожное, торт nut — орех
sponge [spnd ] с. — бисквит originally — первоначально
citrus [strs] — цитрус, цитрусо- pancake — оладья
вый peach — персик
cream — сливки; ср. выше: clotted с. — pear [pe] — груша
густые топлёные сливки plum — слива
whipped с. — взбитые сливки to pull smb’s leg — разыгрывать
currant — смородина кого-л.
custard [kstd] — заварной крем savoury — острый (о пище)
flour [ a] — мука sherry — херес
gâteau [æt] — пирожное или торт semolina [semlin] — манка
с кремом, фруктами, орехами и т. д. spice — специя
to give up — сдаваться tinned, syn. canned — консервирован-
gruel — каша ный
to guess — догадываться, угадывать, trifle — трайфл (ингредиенты см.
а в АЕ, кроме того, — думать, счи- выше в тексте)
тать, полагать Welsh — уэльский

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Это мой любимый десерт; Попытайтесь еще раз; Вернёмся к завтраку; хватит меня
разыгрывать; У меня даже слюнки потекли; Сдаюсь; С чем англичане едят овся-
ную кашу?; Вот из них-то (в основном из апельсинов) и делают английский марме-
лад; Попробуйте угадать; на этот раз вы попали пальцем в небо.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) A gâteau is a cake filled or decorated ... top ... cream, fruit, nuts etc. 2) I give ... . 3) In
Scotland, porridge is eaten ... salt. 4) You missed it ... a mile. 5) To get... ...breakfast. 6) Tri-
38 Unit 5

fle is made ... jelly, whipped cream, custard and sometimes sherry ... top. 7) What
is marmalade made ...? 8) What do the English have their porridge ...? 9) Can one
have buckwheat gruel ... breakfast?

Exercise 3. Examine1 the receipt2 (the yellow one ) The Coffee Company
221 Portoblanco High St
and answer these questions: Edinburgh EH15 2AT
1. What is the Coffee Company’s address? Tel # 0131 669 4455
2. What is its telephone number? Thank You
Please Call Again
3. What is its Value Added Tax3?
Vat # 634 8346 25
4. When was the receipt churned out4?
5. What was the customer’s table number? 02-09-95 #0
6. What was his old balance5?
7. What was his new balance? TABLE NO 001
OLD BAL 0.00
8. How much were the soup, beef6 pot7 fillet8 and
1 SOUP 0.95
trifle? 1 B/POT/FILL 2.20
9. What was the cashier’s name? 1 TRIFLE 0.95
10. What was the receipt number? NEW BAL 4.10
11. What was the date and time of payment? Hilary 1326 13:30TM

Exercise 4. The second receipt looks very much like

the previous one. And yet there are five differences The Coffee Company
221 Portoblanco High St
between them. What are they? Edinburgh EH15 2AT
Tel # 0131 669 4455
Thank You
Please Call Again
Exercise 5. Answer these questions: Vat # 634 8346 25
1. What do the English and the Scots have their
porridge with? 04-09-95 #0
2. How are buckwheat and semolina used in England?
3. What fruit and berries do you know? OLD BAL 0.00
4. What is English marmalade made of? 1 SOUP 0.95
5. What is trifle? 1 B/POT/FILL 2.20
6. What is a gâteau? 1 TRIFLE 0.95
7. What is ‘Welsh rabbit’? NEW BAL 4.10
0000000 1538 13:02TM
to examine — внимательно рассматривать
receipt [rsit] — чек, выбиваемый при покупке
Value Added Tax (VAT) — налог на добавленную стоимость
to churn out — выбивать
balance — остаток
beef — говядина
pot — горшок
fillet [flt] — филе
Meals 39

Exercise 6. English breakfasts, particularly tea and what you spread on your toast,
are class indicators1. Read and translate this excerpt2 from ‘Watching the English’ (use
a  dictionary where necessary). Sum up3 the indicators of the upper, upper-middle,
middle-middle, lower-middle and working class.


The traditional English breakfast  — tea, toast, marmalade, eggs, bacon, sau-
sages, tomatoes, mushrooms, etc. — is both good and filling, and breakfast is the
only aspect of English cooking that is frequently and enthusiastically praised by
foreigners. Few of us eat this ‘full English breakfast’ regularly, however: foreign tour-
ists staying in hotels get far more traditional breakfasts than we natives ever enjoy
at home.
The tradition is maintained more at the top and bottom of the social scale than
among the middle ranks. Some members of the upper class and aristocracy still
have proper English breakfasts in their country houses, and some working-class
people (mostly males) still believe in starting the day with a ‘cooked breakfast’ of
bacon, eggs, sausages, baked beans, fried bread, toast and so on.
This feast may often be eaten in a ‘caff ’ rather than at home, and is washed down
with industrial quantities of strong, brick-coloured, sweet, milky tea. Lower-middles
and middle-middles drink a paler, ‘posher’ version, Twining’s English Breakfast, say,
rather than PG Tips. The upper-middle and upper classes drink weak, dishwater-col-
oured, unsweetened Earl Grey. Taking sugar in your tea is regarded by many as an
infallible lower-class indicator: even one spoonful is a bit suspect (unless you were
born before about 1955); more than one and you are lower-middle at best; more than
two and you are definitely working-class. Putting the milk into the cup first is also
a lower-class habit, as is over-vigorous, noisy stirring. Some pretentious middles and
upper-middles make an ostentatious point of drinking Lapsang Souchong, without
milk or sugar, as this is about as far removed from working-class tea as they can get.
More honest (or less class-anxious) upper-middles and uppers often admit to a secret
liking for the strong, rust-coloured ‘builders’ tea’. How snooty you are about ‘builders’
tea’, and how careful you are to avoid it, is quite a good class-anxiety test.
But toast is not much use as a class indicator: everybody likes toast. The higher
social ranks do have a bit of a prejudice against packaged sliced bread, but only the
very class-anxious will go to great lengths to avoid it. What you choose to spread
on your toast, however, can provide clues to your social position. Margarine is

class indicators — признаки принадлежности к соответствующей социальной группе на-
excerpt [ekspt] — отрывок
to sum up — суммировать
40 Unit 5

regarded as decidedly ‘common’ by the middle and upper classes, who use butter
(unless they are on a diet or have a dairy intolerance, that is). Marmalade is univer-
sally popular, but the dark, thick-cut Oxford or Dundee marmalade is favoured by
the higher echelons, while the lower ranks generally prefer the lighter-coloured,
thin-cut Golden Shred.
The unwritten class rules about jam are much the same: the darker the colour and the
bigger the lumps of fruit, the more socially elevated the jam. Some class-anxious mid-
dles and upper-middles secretly prefer the paler, smoother, low-class marmalades and
jams (possibly because they come from lower-class backgrounds, and were fed Golden
Shred and the like as children), but feel obliged to buy the socially superior chunky ones.
Only the lower classes — the lower-middles in particular — try to sound posh by calling
jam ‘preserves’.
41 Unit
Chapter 1

А: Last time we spoke about breakfast, lunch, 5 o’clock tea and dinner. Are there any
other meals in England?
B: Yes, in addition to those, there are so-called elevenses  — a  mid-morning snack at
11 am during a break at work or by a housewife at home. It’s usually a light meal, often
just coffee and a biscuit. As for the 5 o’clock tea, which we usually call ‘afternoon tea’, it is
sometimes replaced in some parts of Britain with ‘high tea’. High tea is usually between
5 and 6 or 7 pm, especially for children whose parents eat dinner separately after the
children are in bed.
А: What does high tea include?
B: Something hot, often something on toast, scrambled, poached or fried egg, baked
beans, sardines, fried or grilled sausages, cheese. That differs it from afternoon tea when
people have bread and butter, cake, pie, crumpets, scones and sandwiches.
А: Any other meals?
B: On Sunday, some people get uр late and instead of breakfast and lunch they combine
them into a single meal which they call ‘brunch’, that is late leisurely breakfast1. Yes, and
not to forget ‘nightcap’. This is what some people have right before going to bed. It is
a drink to make them sleep sweeter: either a hot milky drink (for example, cocoa) or an
alcoholic drink.
А: And how about supper?
B: Some people, especially in working-class families and in the North, have it instead of
dinner. But it is a light snack (sandwiches, biscuits with or without cheese, cake).
А: Then when do they have dinner?
B: They have it in place of lunch, while lunch for them (as a second breakfast) takes the
place of elevenses.
А: After hearing about so many meals a day, one gets the impression that people in the
UK do nothing but eat and drink all the time.
B: No, there you’re wrong. You should bear in mind that elevenses and nightcap are op-
tional, that brunch is an alternative to breakfast plus lunch and that high tea and supper
are alternatives to afternoon tea and dinner.
А: So how many meals a day do English people have?
B: Usually four: breakfast (7—9 am), lunch (12:30—1:30 or 1—2 pm), afternoon tea
(4—5 pm) and an evening meal: either high tea (5—7 pm), dinner (6—8 pm) or supper
(8 pm or later).

However, in some coffee houses they advertise ‘Brunch served all day’.
42 Unit 6

Vocabulary notes
to bake — печь, выпекать nightcap — приём спиртного или
biscuit [bskt], AE cookie — печенье сладкого молочного напитка на ночь
break — перерыв one gets the impression — складыва-
brunch = breakfast + lunch ется впечатление
cocoa — какао optional, AE elective — факультатив-
crumpet — сдобная лепёшка ный, по выбору
to fry — жарить на сковородке pie — пирог
to grill — жарить на гриле snack — лёгкая закуска
high tea — чай с горячими блюдами the UK = The United Kingdom of Great
in place of, syn. instead of — вместо Britain and Northern Ireland — Соеди-
leisurely [le li] — неторопливый нённое Королевство Великобритании
mid-morning — в середине утра и Северной Ирландии
milky — молочный working-class — зд.: рабочий

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
он иногда заменяется; Вы должны иметь в виду; чтобы крепче спать; после того,
как дети легли спать; во время перерыва на работе; создаётся впечатление; объ-
единяют их в  одну трапезу; альтернатива сочетанию завтрака с  ленчем; вместо
ленча; в этом вы неправы; ничего не делают, только всё время едят и пьют; родите-
ли которых обедают отдельно; поздний продолжительный неторопливый завтрак.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) biscuits... or ... cheese; 2) ... addition... those, there are so-called elevenses. 3) You
should bear ... mind. 4) That differs it ... afternoon tea. 5) They have dinner ... place ...
lunch. 6) Brunch is an alternative ... breakfast plus lunch. 7) Elevenses are a mid-morning
meal ... 11 am. 8) High tea is usually ... 5 and 6 or 7 pm, especially ... children whose
parents eat dinner separately after the children are ... bed. 9) ... hearing ... so many meals
a day. 10) Nightcap is right ... going ... bed. 11) ... a break ... work or ... a housewife ...
home. 12) Instead ... breakfast and lunch they combine them ... a single meal. 13) After-
noon tea is sometimes replaced ... some parts ... Britain ... ‘high tea’. 14) ... Sunday, some
people get ... late.

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. What are elevenses?
2. Where does high tea differ from afternoon tea?
3. What is ‘brunch’?
4. What is ‘nightcap’?
5. What does supper replace?
6. How many meals a day do the English have?
7. What are they?
Meals 43

Exercise 4. Rewrite these sentences as in b.

a) I want a cup of tea.
b) As for ↑ me, I want a cup of tea.
Что касается меня, то я хочу чашку чаю.
a) The chairman’s been on the platform.
b) As for the ↑ chairman, he’s been on the platform.
Что касается председателя, то он был на трибуне.

1. I’m done with it.

2. I shall go home.
3. The others receive from ten per cent to forty per cent less.
4. The 5 o’clock tea is sometimes replaced in some parts of Britain with ‘high tea’.
5. The town regarded Irene as just another Cooper’s Mills girl who had gone away for
a few years.
6. I said what I said to you tonight for your own good.

Exercise 5. Read and memorise this joke. Tell it to a comrade.

Bill who had just agreed to take Sam to dinner and was afraid the bill would be large, said,
just as they were about1 to give their order to the waiter:
“Putting on a little weight2, aren’t you, Sam?”

Exercise 6. Read and translate this excerpt from N. Hudson’s Modern Australian Usage
(use a dictionary where necessary).
The midday meal is generally called lunch (or, in a diminishing number of pretentious
restaurants, luncheon). However, in the days before gas and electric stoves and lights,
most households had their main meal in the middle of the day, and it was often called
dinner. After dinner, they could let the fire go out. The naming survives in some house-
holds, especially for the midday meal on Sunday. This need not be ambiguous: ‘Will you
come to dinner on Sunday?’ is generally an evening invitation; ‘Will you come to Sunday
dinner?’ is probably an invitation for midday.

Now answer these questions:

1. What is the difference between ‘lunch’ and ‘luncheon’?
2. When was the midday meal called ‘dinner’?
3. What is the difference between ‘dinner on Sunday’ and ‘Sunday dinner’?

Exercise 7. Now read and translate these excerpts (use a dictionary where necessary).
What are the class indicators here?

to be about to do smth, syn.: to be going to do smth — собираться делать что-л.
to put on weight — прибавлять в весе, поправляться
44 Unit 6


There is nothing wrong with the word ‘dinner’ in itself: it is only a working-class
hallmark if you use it to refer to the midday meal, which should be called ‘lunch’. Call-
ing your evening meal ‘tea’ is also a working-class indicator: the higher echelons call
this meal ‘dinner’ or ‘supper’. (Technically, a dinner is a somewhat grander meal than
a supper: if you are invited to ‘supper’, this is likely to be an informal family meal, eaten
in the kitchen — sometimes this is made explicit, as in ‘family supper’ or ‘kitchen sup-
per’. The uppers and upper-middles use the term ‘supper’ more than the middle- and
lower-middles). ‘Tea’, for the higher classes, is taken at around four o’clock, and con-
sists of tea and cakes or scones (which they pronounce with a short ‘o’), and perhaps
little sandwiches (pronounced ‘sanwidges’, not ‘sand-witches’). The lower classes call
this ‘afternoon tea’. All this can pose a few problems for foreign visitors: if you are in-
vited to ‘dinner’, should you turn up at midday or in the evening? Does ‘come for tea’
mean four o’clock or seven o’clock? To be safe, you will have to ask what time you are
expected. The answer will help you to place your hosts on the social scale.
What do you call your evening meal? And at what time do you eat it?
• If you call it ‘tea’, and eat it at around half past six, you are almost certainly
working class or of working-class origin. (If you have a tendency to personalize the
meal, calling it ‘my tea’, ‘our/us tea’ and ‘your tea’ — as in ‘I must be going home for
my tea’, ‘What’s for us tea, love?’ or ‘Come back to mine for your tea’ — you are prob-
ably northern working class.)
• If you call the evening meal ‘dinner’, and eat it at around seven o’clock, you
are probably lower-middle or middle-middle.
• If you normally only use the term ‘dinner’ for rather more formal evening
meals, and call your informal, family evening meal ‘supper’ (pronounced ‘suppah’),
you are probably upper-middle or upper class. The timing of these meals tends to
be more flexible, but a family ‘supper’ is generally eaten at around half-past seven,
while a ‘dinner’ would usually be later, from half past eight onwards.
To everyone but the working classes, ‘tea’ is a light meal taken at around four
o’clock in the afternoon, and consists of tea (the drink) with cakes, scones, jam,
biscuits and perhaps little sandwiches — traditionally including cucumber sand-
wiches  — with the crusts cut off. The working classes call this ‘afternoon tea’, to
distinguish it from the evening ‘tea’ that the rest call supper or dinner.
The timing of lunch is not a class indicator, as almost everyone has lunch at around
one o’clock. The only class indicator is what you call this meal: if you call it ‘dinner’, you
are working class; everyone else, from the lower-middles upwards, calls it ‘lunch’. People
who say ‘d’lunch’ — which Jilly Cooper notes has a slightly West Indian sound to it — are
trying to conceal their working-class origins, remembering at the last second not to call
it ‘dinner’. (They may also say ‘t’dinner’ — which confusingly sounds a bit Yorkshire — for
the evening meal, just stopping themselves from calling it ‘tea’.) Whatever their class, and
whatever they may call it, the English do not take the middle-of-the-day meal at all seri-
ously: most make do with a sandwich or some other quick, easy, single-dish meal.
Meals 45

Exercise 8. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary where necessary). What
impressed1 you about it?

DAILY EXPRESS 13.8.2009, p. 19

Diner pays his bill, 13 years late

A DINER who forgot to pay his bill has finally forked out — 13 years late.
The absent-minded man contacted police via an anonymous letter, explaining he
left without paying for a £10 meal at an Indian restaurant in Mumbles, Swansea, in
1996, but could not remember the name of the venue.
Enclosed in the letter was £10 to cover the cost of the food, plus £50 compensa-
tion, and an explanation of where the restaurant was.

Exercise 9. Read and translate this excerpt from ‘Xenophobe’s Guide to the English’
(use a dictionary where necessary). Find in it the answers to these questions:
1. What did Somerset Maugham once observe?
2. Where are English breakfasts available round-the-clock?
3. What do the English describe as a ‘proper meal’?
4. What dishes are made from potatoes?
5. What puddings and pseudo-puddings are there?
6. What do the French and the English do with their left-overs?


The English have always been, culinarily speaking, unadventurous and the tra-
ditionalist’s backlash is ever present. On the whole, ‘good plain cooking’ and ‘honest
simple fare’ is what’s wanted. This carries the clear implication that complicated and
pretty dishes are neither good nor honest.
The writer Somerset Maugham once observed that one could eat very well in
England simply by having breakfast three times a  day. Although the great English
home-cooked breakfast — a sizzling feast of bacon, eggs, sausages, grilled tomatoes,
mushrooms, kidneys, kippers, and so on — has given way to a belief that instant cof-
fee and cornflakes must be healthier, it is available 24 hours a day at motorway ser-
vice stations.

to impress smb — производить впечатление на кого-л.
46 Unit 6

Roast beef, lamb or pork with vegetables and roast potatoes are still the nation’s
favourite choice for a ‘proper meal’. At all other times, and when inspiration fails, the
English fall back on their other traditional dish, baked beans on toast.
The average person gets through 100 kilos of potatoes every year. Mashed po-
tatoes are one of the compulsory three vegetables with each meal. Potatoes also
come in the form of crispy snacks and, of course, chips. Fish & chips, Burgers & chips,
Steak & chips, Sausages & chips, Egg & chips or just chips on their own with salt, vin-
egar and tomato sauce. They are even enjoyed in the form of ‘chip butties’ — chips
stuffed between two halves of a buttered bun.
They also love puddings. Most of the English wouldn’t consider a meal finished
unless they had a pudding — steamed jam roll, rhubarb crumble, apple pie, trea-
cle pudding, strawberry tart, all the traditional dishes purchased straight from the
freezer cabinet. The unwary should take care with ‘Yorkshire’ and ‘black’ puddings.
Neither is quite what it seems. The first is baked batter eaten with roast beef, and
the second a ferocious blood sausage.
As the interest in foreign food has grown, so have the choices. Yet ask the Eng-
lish about restaurants and they talk about the speed of the service, the size of the
portions and the price — before, if it is mentioned at all, the meal itself.
In spite of their tastes becoming more sophisticated, the English treasure
the sandwich. They are also happy to use up their left-overs. ‘Shame to let it go
to waste, they chorus. While the French will consign the remains of an evening
meal to the bin, the English will eat theirs next day for lunch. They even make
a  virtue of old cold potatoes and cabbage, serving them, fried, as ‘bubble and
English taste is insidious. It assimilates all who come into contact with it. Only
in England would an Indian restaurant happily sell chips with curry sauce. Only the
English would eat them.

Exercise 10. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).
Find the answers to these questions in the 1st one:
1. What meals are more popular?
2. What is used instead of the napkin?
3. What is the role of cooking nowadays?
4. What about family dinners?
Meals 47

DAILY MAIL 15.7.2011, p. 33

We’ve lost our appetite for three-course dinner parties

Only 2 per cent of Britons said a traditional meal with guests was their favourite form
of entertaining. Instead, a casual meal with friends is the most popular (30 per cent)
followed by barbecues (23 percent).
Even the napkin is a thing of the past, with only 15 per cent using them for a din-
ner party while 76 per cent use paper serviettes or kitchen roll.
Research showed 21 per cent of us spend less than 15 minutes in the kitchen
when entertaining while one in two cooks confessed to passing off a shop-bought
dessert as one of their own.
The tradition of family gatherings round a dinner table also appears to be fading.
One in ten never do it, and nearly 40 per cent eat in front of the TV.
However, the popularity of celebrity chefs and TV food shows has given rise to
a nation of confident cooks with more than a third saying they cook for friends at least
twice a month. Half prepare everything from scratch.

In the clipping which follows find the answers to these questions:

1. How long do workers now spend on eating?
2. How long do lunch, breakfast and dinner take?

DAILY EXPRESS 25.7.2011, p. 3

The lunch hour now lasts

12 minutes and 49 seconds

WORKERS are now under so much pressure at home and in jobs, we only find 39 min-
utes and nine seconds in the day to eat, a study has found.
For many staff a full lunch hour is replaced with a quick sandwich in front of a com-
puter at their desk. This is forced down, on average, in 12 minutes and 49 seconds.
Breakfast is even quicker, with many setting aside only seven minutes and 20 sec-
onds for it.
The study, by President cheese, revealed we take more time eating dinner but that
is still only 19 minutes.
48 Unit 6

Exercise 11. Here are some tips1 on how to behave at a restaurant. Read and translate
them (use a dictionary where necessary). Which of these rules are entirely English and
which are international?


When eating at a restaurant, we know that we should be polite to the waiters and, in
particular, never, ever try to summon a waiter by snapping our fingers or bellowing
across the room. The correct procedure is to lean back in your chair with an expect-
ant look, endeavour to make eye contact, then perform a quick eyebrow-lift/chin-lift.
Raising a hand is permissible, as is a quiet ‘Excuse me?’ if the waiter is nearby and has
not noticed you, but this should not be done in an imperious manner. We know that
orders should be phrased as requests, with the usual full complement of pleases and
thank-yous. We know that it is unseemly to make a fuss or a scene or in any way draw
attention to oneself when eating in public. Making any sort of fuss about money is
especially distasteful, and ostentatious displays of wealth are as bad as conspicuous
meanness. People who insist on calculating in detail exactly who had what when it
comes to dividing up the bill are despised, not just because they are miserly, but be-
cause such discussions involve a prolonged breach of the money-talk taboo.

Exercise 12. Read this letter from The Daily Telegraph (use a dictionary where neces-

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 6.8.2005, p. 23

Why tip?

SIR — Britain is becoming like America. On a recent trip, I noticed in a Kent pub that
the system required people to go to the bar to collect menus, then to go back to order.
The same applied for further orders, and at the end to settle up. Once, I saw three diners
queueing to pay. Each left a gratuity.
What on earth are these people tipping for? Gratitude for the fact that they did not
have to cook the food themselves?
Timothy Batterby
Lucerne, Switzerland

tip — совет
Meals 49

Now answer these questions:

1. In what county1 is the pub?
2. What did the author of the letter dislike?
3. What rhetorical question does he end his letter with?
Exercise 13. Read this clipping and answer the question: ‘What may tip size depend

DALIY EXPRESS 9.8.2012, p. 28

More recent research has shown that blonde waitresses receive larger tips than bru-
nettes, waitresses with larger breasts receive bigger tips, attractive waitresses receive
larger tips than unattractive ones, slim waitresses receive more than fat ones and tips
may also be increased by wearing make-up and hair ornaments. And all those factors
are apparently more important than food quality in determining tip size.

county — графство, АЕ округ

(1) At a supermarket
(Michael, an English OAP, and Gregory, his Russian friend)
G.: I should like to buy some food.
M.: Then let’s go to Somerfield supermarket. Have you made a shopping list?
G.: Afraid not.
(At the supermarket)
G.: Shall we take a basket or a trolley?
M.: Depends on how many items you want to buy. I think a basket will do. But in future
remember: if you have made a lot of purchases, a collect by car service is available here.
G.: What do you mean?
M.: The supermarket has cars to deliver all your purchases to your place.
G.: Hopefully I’ll manage without it. Now, why did they place these clementines at the
very entrance?
M.: They are sold at half price.
G.: Why?
M.: The supermarket buys huge consignments wholesale and since clementines are per-
ishable, they have to sell part of them quickly. Otherwise they’ll go bad.
G.: I didn’t think of buying any. But at such a low price I can’t resist the temptation.
M.: How about these olives?
G.: Which do you mean, green or black ones?
M.: Whichever you fancy.
G.: Are they pitted or whole?
M.: The green ones are pitted, the black ones are not.
G.: Then I’ll take the green ones. And hopefully these grapes are seedless.
M.: So they are.
G.: If so, I’ll take them.
M.: Good. What else do you want?
G.: Cheese.
M.: There are various kinds of cheese. For instance, Stilton is the king of cheeses. It’s blue-
veined. Then there is Cheddar which is yellowish, Cheshire which is whiter than Cheddar
and more crumbly, Lancashire which is similar to Cheshire. How about this Cheddar?
G.: Is it mature, medium or mild?
M.: They have all three kinds.
G.: Which would you advise me to buy?
M.: Depends on your taste. I think mature is too piquant, mild isn’t quite cheesy enough,
and medium is just right.
G.: Then medium it is. Do they do cheese spread, cream or cottage cheese?
M.: Here is a box of Philadelphia cream cheese.
G.: Isn’t it a bit too expensive?
Shopping 51

M.: Do you know the saying ‘cheap and nasty’? What’s next?
G.: I’d have this wholemeal bread. It’s just baked.
M.: If I were you, I’d take these wholemeal baps. They are so soft.
G.: Right. And I think I’ll buy something for sweet. This box of icecream looks very ap-
petizing to me. You know when a boy, I was fond of tutty-frutty.
M.: If I were you, I would taste this trifle. But first look at the date.
G.: You mean the date after the words ‘Sell by’, ‘Use by’, ‘Display until’ or ‘Best before’? Yes,
its shelf life hasn’t run out yet.
M.: And the day it does, its price is reduced.
G.: Sorry, there is one more thing I forgot. A jar of honey.
M.: Clear or set?
G.: I prefer set honey. It can be spread on bread and butter.
M.: You know, if you have both, you can add clear to set honey and it will crystallise and
become set.
G.: That’ll be all, I suppose.
M.: Such a lot. How many more purchases would you like to make? Are you a shopaholic?
G.: Not really (smiling). But I clean forgot. I want some new potatoes and spring onions.
M.: Those would be cheaper at a greengrocer’s.
G.: OK. Where’s the Pay Point?
M.: Don’t go to that till. See the sign? It says: “Till closed. Please use other till”.
G.: How about this one? It has the sign:
This till is
cash only.
M. It’s OK. It means they don’t accept cards. But since you were going to pay cash anyway,
go ahead.
(Cashier and Gregory)
C: That’ll be 4 pounds 89, please.
G.: Here’s 10 pounds.
C: Here’s your change and receipt. Do you have a saver card?
G.: What’s that for?
C: Saver cards entitle holders to discounts on some purchases. When
there is a  special offer, a  saver card deal, your discount may even
reach 50%.
G.: No, I haven’t got one. The point is that I’m a non-resident and leaving shortly.
C: Thank you very much. Have a nice day.
G.: Thank you. Have a great weekend. Bye.
C.: Good-bye.
(Michael and Gregory)
M.: When the cashier was giving you your change, I thought of a joke I heard recently.
G.: What is it? Tell me.
M.: A shop assistant asked a customer waiting for his change: “Did you hear the weather
forecast?” “No. What was it?” “No change today.”
(To be continued)
52 Unit 7

Vocabulary notes
to accept — принимать (предложение) greengrocer’s — фруктово-овощной
appetizing — аппетитный магазин
at the very entrance — у самого входа honey [hni] — мед
bap (ScE), BE syn. roll, bun — булочка clear h. — жидкий мед
basket — корзина set h. — твердый мед
blue-veined — с синими прожилками item — предмет, товар
bread jar — банка
wholemeal b., AE wholewheat b. — just baked — свежеиспеченный
зерновой хлеб, хлеб из муки грубо- nasty — зд.: скверный
го помола new potatoes — молодой картофель
cash — наличные деньги non-resident — приезжий
cashier — кассир olive [lv] — оливка, маслина
change — изменение, перемена; сдача black о. — маслина
cheese green о. — оливка
cottage с. — домашний сыр pitted о. — маслина/оливка с выну-
cream с. — сливочный сыр той косточкой
mature с. — выдержанный, острый unpitted (syn. whole) о. — маслина/
сыр оливка с косточкой
medium с. — среднеострый сыр onion — лук
mild с. — неострый сыр spring о., AE scallion о., green о. — зе-
с. spread — плавленый сырок лёный лук
cheesy — похожий на сыр pay point; syn. till, cash desk, pay desk —
clean forgot — совсем забыл касса
collect by car service — служба до- perishable — скоропортящийся
ставки покупок на автомобиле piquant [piknt] — острый
clementine, syn. tangerine — мандарин place — зд.: дом
consignment — партия товара purchase — покупка
crumbly — легко крошится to resist the temptation — устоять перед
deal — сделка соблазном, не поддаваться искушению
to deliver — доставлять to run out — истекать, заканчиваться
to display until — выставлять до (над- saver card — дисконтная карта
пись рядом с товаром) Sell by, syn. Best before — Срок годности
to do — зд.: 1) BE — иметь в продаже, shelf life — срок годности/хранения
в ассортименте, торговать чем-л. (AE shopaholic, syn. shop addict, compulsive
to carry); 2) подходить, быть доста- shopper — любитель магазинов; ср.:
точным, отвечать требованиям alcoholic — алкоголик, chocaholic — лю-
to entitle smb to smth — давать право битель шоколада, workaholic — трудого-
to go ahead — приступать к чему-л., лик, computaholic — компьютероголик
начинать действовать shortly — вскоре
to go bad — испортиться, сгнить shop assistant, syn. sales assistant; AE
grapes — виноград salesman, saleswoman, sales girl, sales
seedless g. — виноград без косточек clerk — продавец
Shopping 53

Vocabulary notes
Somerfield — сеть супермаркетов tutty-frutty [tuti fruti] —
«Сомерфильд» в Великобритании1 мороженое с фруктовым и ореховым
special offer — акция наполнителем
to spread (spread, spread) — зд.: на- weather forecast — прогноз погоды
мазывать (на хлеб) (ср. выше: cheese wholesale — оптом, оптовый; ant. re-
spread) tail — в розницу, розничный
trolley — тележка yellowish — желтоватый

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian words,
phrases and sentences:
Действуйте; кажется мне очень аппетитной; свежеиспечённый; хватит корзины;
Желаю вам хорошо провести уик-энд; у самого входа; на вашем месте я бы; срок
годности еще не истёк; дороговат; какие вам нравятся; иначе они сгниют; на де-
серт; так много; дело в том, что; три вида; он с синими прожилками; да нет; усто-
ять перед соблазном; как раз; касса принимает только наличные деньги; что де-
шево, то гнило; я вспомнил об анекдоте; Я совсем забыл; боюсь, что нет; список

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.

1) How ... these olives? 2) They are sold ... half price. 3) Depends ... how many items you
want to buy. 4) I’ll buy something ... sweet. 5) Saver cards entitle holders ... discounts ...
some purchases.

Exercise 3. What synonyms of the following words and phrases did you come across2
in the dialogue above?
roll, best before, senior citizen, to carry (goods), cash desk, salesman, wholewheat

Exercise 4. Find in the dialogue above the counterparts of the following words:
cheap, mild, hard, basket, pitted, retail.

Exercise 5. Answer these questions:

1. Why did M. and G. choose Somerfield’s?
2. Why were clementines sold at half price?
3. Why did G. decide to buy the grapes?
4. Why did M. prefer medium Cheddar?
5. Why didn’t G. accept a saver card?
6. What is funny about the answer “No change today”?
В настоящее время вошла в компанию Cooperative Group.
to come across smth — встречать что-л. (случайно), сталкиваться с чем-л.
54 Unit 7

Exercise 6. Replace1 repeated nouns with one (ones) as in the example:

M.: How about these olives?
G.: Which do you mean, green or black olives?
G.: Which do you mean, green or black ones?
1. He had been a gardener, and a good gardener.
2. We are actors, and good actors.
3. He got out his guitar, the old guitar.
4. They had another visit from him, a longer visit.

Exercise 7. Replace repeated words with so as in the example:

G.: And hopefully these grapes are seedless.
M.: Seedless they are.
M.: So they are.
1. A: It was cold, yesterday.
B: Cold it was.
2. A: It was a horse.
B: And a horse it was.
3. A: Well, they’re two different things.
B: Two different things they are.

Exercise 8. Transform the following utterances2 as in the example:

M.: So they are.
G.: If they are, I’ll take them.
G.: If so, I’ll take them.
1. Are you going to get a job? If you are, where? 2. Is football popular in your country? If
it is, how long does the season last? 3. Is that really so shocking, and if it is, why? 4. Did
you want to talk to me about something special? If you did, we can go to the bar.

Exercise 9. Read this text (use a dictionary where necessary).

This morning I went into Mr Peabody’s shop on the High Street and instead of finding
the cheerful man who always has a good word to say to everyone, I found him looking
very depressed.
He has been the grocer for our neighbourhood ever since I can remember and sup-
plied us with our provisions.
Sugar and tea, canned vegetables and fruit, household utensils like pots and pans are
among the great variety of stock that he carries on his shelves, and he has never been
short of custom.
However, he heard yesterday that a new supermarket is going to be built on the High
Street and he is afraid of losing so many customers that he may even be forced to close
down his shop. He will have to face stiff competition.
to replace — заменять
utterance — высказывание
Shopping 55

The supermarket will attract many housewives because, instead of going to the butch-
er’s, the greengrocer’s and the baker’s and buying their meat, vegetables and bread sepa-
rately at these three shops, they will be able to buy them at one shop.
Besides saving time, they will save money as well. Not only can supermarkets afford
to charge lower prices on their goods than the small shop owner, but they may even sell
certain items at a loss in order to attract custom.
The cost of this “loss leader” is easily covered out of the profits on the other goods sold at
a supermarket, but the small shop owner’s stock can never be as large as a supermarket’s and
therefore his profits are not large enough for him to afford such generosity to the housewife.
Moreover, the small shop owner can never have such a great turnover of customers
as is possible with the self-service system in a supermarket, for with his one or two as-
sistants he cannot attend to more than 2 or 3 customers at a time.
I am just as sorry as Mr Peabody to think of the day when he will no longer be serv-
ing me with his pleasant smile and when I shall have to buy my weekly provisions at the
supermarket with hundreds of other housewives.
Nor am I at all sure that I shall be saving money, for it is very probable that I shall
buy more than I need at the supermarket, where it will only be a matter of stretching out
a hand to get something that is not on my shopping list.
Now answer these questions:
1. Why did Mr Peabody look very depressed1?
2. What shop did he own2?
3. What goods did he sell?
4. What was he afraid of?
5. What are the advantages of supermarkets over
small shops?
6. What is their disadvantage3? HIGHСLIFFE ON SEA
7. How are small retailers coping4? TEL 01425 277556 VAT# 107 4233 9

Exercise 10. Here is a receipt. Examine it to find YOUR STORE MANAGER IS NIGEL HUGHES
answers to these questions: YOU WERE SERVED TODAY BY ALAN

1. What is the name of the supermarket chain? £

2. Who is the store manager?
**** TOTAL 0.59
3. Who was the cashier? CASH 5.00
4. Where is the store located? CHANGE 4.41
5. What is its telephone number?
6. What was bought? 18/08/05 09:43 1654 02 1808 106
7. What was the price? CARD NUMBER: 633551 601 500516801 7
8. How much was paid?
Remember to show your card
9. How much was the change? SOMERFIELD STORES LIMITED
10. What is the saver card number? WHITCHURCH BRISTOL BS14 DTJ
depressed — подавленный, угнетённый
to own — владеть
disadvantage — недостаток; ср. выше: ant. advantage — преимущество
to cope, syn to manage — справляться, выходить из положения
56 Unit 7

Exercise 11. Examine another receipt and answer

the following questions: BEATLES FAN LTD
1. What is the name of the shop? TEL: 0151 709 2417
2. Where is it located? VAT: 548-5481-25
3. What was the item sold? 724349162938 1
4. What was its net price1? ANTHOLOGY 4 VIDEO 12.99
NETT 11.06
5. What was the VAT [vi e ti]? VAT 1.93
6. How much did the customer pay? SUB TOTAL 12.99
7. What change did he get? CASH PAYMENT 13.00
8. When was the purchase made? July 17, 1999 10:35 67845# KP3
9. What was the number of the till? TILL# 3

Exercise 12. There are 9 differences between these receipts. What are they?
Express Express

How did we do? How did we do?

Visit our website and Visit our website
tell us about your shopping trip and tell us about your shopping trip

FIN* M/SEED800 £1.35 A FIN* MULTI800 £1.35 A

TOTAL £1.35 TOTAL £1.35

CASH £1.40 CASH £1.50


A 0% VAT £1.35 £0.00 A 0% VAT £1.35 £0.00


You could have earned 2
Clubcard points in this transaction CLUBCARD NUMBER 63400402206431260*
16/07/11 12:42 5381 001 1002 7380 INCLUDES :
TOTAL UP TO 07/07/11 94
8/07/11 6:58 5381 001 1014 1455

net(t) price — цена нетто
Shopping 57

Exercise 13. Read this text.

Credit Cards
A credit card is a small plastic card which is used instead of money to pay for goods and
services from shops, travel companies, petrol stations1 etc. The cost is charged2 to your
account and paid later. If the cost is taken directly3 from the user’s bank account, such
a card is known as a debit card. In fact, when people speak of credit cards, they often
mean debit cards. Both cards can be used as cash cards to obtain4 cash from cash ma-
chines5 that is machines (often placed outside a bank) from which customers can obtain
money at any time by putting in a cash card and pressing numbered keys6 to give their
PIN number7 and the amount8 of money they want to obtain.
Now answer these questions:
1. What is a credit card?
2. Where does it differ from a debit card?
3. How can credit and debit cards be used to obtain cash?
4. Which do you prefer, to pay (in) cash or by card, and why?
5. Why do people use PIN numbers?
Exercise 14. Read, translate and memorise these jokes. Tell them to your comrades.
1) “I sent my little boy for two pounds of plums and you only sent a pound and a half.
Are your scales9 correct?”
“My scales are all right, madam. Have you weighed10 your little boy?”
2) A fruit dealer11 has a sign above his fruit that reads:
Our choice 25p
Your choice 35p
3) Customer: How much are your eggs?
Storekeeper13: Ninety cents a dozen14, and sixty cents if they’re cracked15.
Customer: Well, then crack me a dozen.

petrol station; syn.: filling s., AE gas s., gasoline s. — автозаправочная станция
to charge — взимать, удерживать
directly — сразу
to obtain — получать
cash machine, syn.: cash dispenser, cash point, AE ATM = automatic teller machine — банкомат
key — клавиша
PIN = personal identification number (PIN number) — личный идентификационный номер, ПИН
amount — количество, сумма
scales — весы
to weigh — взвешивать
dealer — торговец
watermelon — арбуз
storekeeper — хозяин лавки
dozen [dzn] — дюжина
to crack — делать трещину, трескаться
58 Unit 7

Exercise 15. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary where necessary).

TELEGRAPH MONEY 25.7.2009, p. Y4

Fraud is on the cards, but you can cut your losses

The offence is up as the credit crunch bites.
Emma Wall gives tips on how not to be a victim.

CARD fraud to the tune of £610m was Fraudsters are targeting environ-
committed in Britain last year — an in- ments that are not protected by a chip
crease of 43pc in the past two years. The or PIN and people holidaying in coun-
annual British Crime Survey said there tries that have not yet implemented
were 2.8 million cases of card fraud last the technology are especially at risk.
year, with the number of card holders CNP fraud can also occur when a card
who have been victims of fraud dou- has been stolen or duplicated.
bling in that period. But what should There has also been an increase in
you do if you are one of the thousands copied card fraud. Most copied card
people who is a  victim of card fraud fraud, also known as counterfeit card
every year? fraud, involves skimming, which is when
Victims of card fraud are protected your card’s magnetic strip is copied and
by the Banking Code, provided they duplicated onto a blank card.
have not acted fraudulently and with- Should you become a victim of card
out reasonable care, such as keeping fraud, Financial Fraud Action UK (FFA)
your PIN (personal identification num- advises reporting it to the financial in-
ber) in your wallet with your card. stitution concerned as soon as possible
The recession has hit credit-card as it will be responsible for undertak-
holders hard, with three-quarters of ing further investigation. There will be
all crimes involving telephone or inter- a 24-hour emergency number on your
net transactions  — otherwise known bank statements so make a  note of
as CNP (card not present) fraud. These this and call it as soon as you discover
types of purchases are not chip and your card has been lost, stolen or if you
PIN-protected and can often be com- suspect fraud. Where appropriate,
pleted with details ordinarily found report the case to the police as well,
on the card meaning easy pickings for and keep a  record of any correspon-
thieves. dence.
Shopping 59

Now answer these questions:

1) How widespread1 is card fraud in Britain?
2) How are victims of card fraud protected?
3) What card fraud cases are most common?
4) What are card fraud victims advised to do?

Exercise 16. What would you call a person who: 1) is fond of shopping, 2) works all
hours, 3) eats lots of chocolate, 4) cannot do without cheese, 5) spends a lot of money,
6) too often goes to the pub, 7) is fond of football or golf, 8) is glued to a computer,
9) reads a lot of books, 10) overuses credit cards?

Exercise 17. Compare these clippings from The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Express
dealing with2 the same fact. Whose presentation3 do you like better and why?

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 29.7.2009, p. 8

Five searches before shopaholic’s body

found under piles of clothing

A shopaholic pensioner’s body was Pollard said: “The interior of premises

discovered underneath a  large pile of was stacked from floor to ceiling with
clothes at her home, an inquest heard general bric-a-brac. He couldn’t see
yesterday. her anywhere and got no response.”
Joan Cunnane’s bungalow in Hea- It was only when police cleared the
ton Mersey, Greater Manchester, was property using a  skip that her body
so full of shopping that it took five was found in a bedroom “under a sub-
searches of the property before her stantial pile of items”. Miss Cunnane
body was found. Roy Moran, a  friend was suffering from pneumonia and
of the 77-year-old spinster, visited her cancer. The coroner recorded a verdict
bungalow on Dec 29. Coroner John of death by natural causes.

widespread — распространён
dealing with — в которых говорится о
presentation — изложение
60 Unit 7

DAILY EXPRESS 29.7.2009, p. 26

How shopaholic died under pile of clothes

By Chris Riches
A SHOPAHOLIC spinster was found un- ed the house three times over the next
der a pile of clothes after she collapsed week, hoping to find her at home. Final-
and died at home, an inquest heard ly police searched the house in Heaton,
yesterday. Mersey, Manchester.
Joan Cunnane’s bungalow was so full Detective Inspector Kevin Dolan
of items from her shopping sprees that said Miss Cunnane’s body was found
the 77-year-old was only discovered after “under a  substantial pile of clothing
police searched the house five times. and other items”.
Her friend Roy Moran, 77, told the in- Pathologist Philip Lumb said she
quest he last saw her on Christmas Day died from bronchial pneumonia and
last year. He went to see her four days also had cancer.
later after she failed to answer her phone. Recording a verdict of death by nat-
Coroner John Pollard, reading from ural causes, the coroner said: “I suspect
Mr Moran’s statement, said: “The inte- she had probably collapsed and vari-
rior of the premises was stacked from ous items have fallen on her. There’s no
floor to ceiling with general bric-a-brac. evidence to suggest those items con-
He couldn’t see her anywhere.” He visit- tributed to her death.”

Exercise 18. Which of these 5 things did you know?

DAILY EXPRESS 10.6.2010, p. 39

Five things you never knew about… supermarkets


1. Around £8 million worth of shopping 4. There is no formal definition of the dif-

trolleys go missing from UK super- ference between a  supermarket and
markets every year. a  hypermarket but traditionally a  hy-
2. The word ‘supermarket’ was first used permarket has at least 2,500 sq ft of sell-
in 1933. ing space and at least 15 checkouts.
3. The shopping trolley first arrived on 5. The first supermarket in Britain was
the aisles of a  supermarket in Okla- opened in Manor Park, London, on
homa, on June 4, 1937. January 12, 1948.
Shopping 61

Exercise 19. Here are two articles dealing with the problem of queueing. What points
raised by The Daily Telegraph were overlooked1 by the Daily Express?

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 4.8.2010, p. 5



Queuing, along with warm beer and thing in a shop because they were fed
afternoon tea, was once a quintessen- up with queuing.
tial British trait. But it seems we are no The survey for Barclays and Barclay-
longer prepared to wait in line. card discovered that half of shoppers
Two minutes was the longest many refused to even enter a  store if they
consumers were prepared to queue, saw a queue. The Internet, where most
down from five minutes six years ago, goods are bought with a  click of the
a  survey found. Two thirds of Britons mouse, is one of the reasons why peo-
have walked away from buying some- ple’s patience appears to be so thin.

DAILY EXPRESS 4.8.2010, p. 22

We simply can’t wait

Two in five reach breaking point after researchers Barclays and Barclay-
queueing for just two minutes. card.
A poll of 2,000 adults found two Food and drink outlets frustrate
thirds even give up on purchases after people the most and more than half of
getting impatient. those quizzed said they refused to go
Women are willing to queue for into a supermarket if they saw a queue
12 seconds longer than men, says at the till.

to overlook smth — не замечать, пропускать что-л.
62 Unit 7

Exercise 20. Read the article from The Sun (use a dictionary where necessary) and
answer these questions:
1. Who spend more time shopping, women or men?
2. How long do men and women spend at the shops daily, yearly and in a lifetime?
3. How was that found?
4. In what parts of the UK are there the most and the less enthusiastic shoppers?

THE SUN 28.7. 2005, р. 26


WOMEN spend nearly TWO YEARS of compared to chaps’ 370 days, says
their lives shopping — nearly twice as a  joint poll of 21,000 people by credit
much time as men. card giant Visa and the Future Founda-
The average bloke spends just over tion.
20 minutes a  day at the shops while Scotland boasts the most enthusi-
lasses enjoy 35 minutes of retail thera- astic shoppers, with women devoting
py, claims a new report. a massive 39 minutes to it a day.
Over a  year, men devote only five Among men, Geordies have the
days to shopping. But girls spend greatest lust for spending cash — giv-
around nine days visiting stores. That ing up 26 minutes a day. But Welsh men
equates to 651 days in a  lifetime  — manage just 17 minutes.
63 Unit
Chapter 1 Shopping 63

(2) Short-changing
Cashier: 4 pounds 19.
Customer: Here’s a fiver.
Cashier: Here’s your receipt and change. Next customer, please.
Same customer: Excuse me. I gave you 5 pounds and you have given me only 31p. This
change is 50 p short.
Cashier (after checking the receipt and the change): Quite right. Sorry about that, sir.
Here’s the 50 p.
Customer: That’s all right. Mistakes do happen, even in the best regulated families.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
to check — проверять this change is 50p short — в сдаче
fiver — пятёрка (5 фунтов); ср.: не хватает 50 пенсов
tenner — десятка (10 фунтов)
Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Извините; Ничего, с  кем не бывает; В  сдаче не хватает 50 пенсов; проверив чек
и сдачу; тот же покупатель.
Exercise 2. Use this table1 to make four sentences:
a fiver
the 50p

Exercise 3. Answer these questions. In your answers, use: to deceive, to make a mis-
take (to be mistaken), to be embarrassed2, to pity3.
1. How much change was the cashier to give to the customer?
2. Why do you think the change was 50 p short?
3. How did the cashier feel when the customer asked for his 50 p?
4. How did the customer feel when the cashier apologised4?
table — таблица
to be embarrassed — смутиться
to pity — жалеть
to apologise — извиняться
64 Unit 8

Exercise 4. To make these sentences more emphatic, replace the finite verbs1 by re-
spective2 forms of do and plain stems3.
a) Quarrels never win anything anyway.
b) Quarrels never do win anything anyway.
Всё равно ссорами ничегошеньки не добьёшься.

1. You are old enough now to know that marriages fail4. 2. You really love me? 3. I send
you and Mrs. Eaton my love and sympathy5. 4. Everyone of them made good6 on his
own7. 5. I never liked the ring8 of it. 6. She sent me away twice, but I went back to her
because I loved and love her. 7. Mistakes happen, even in the best regulated families.

finite verb — личная форма глагола
respective — соответствующий
plain stem — неосложнённая основа
to fail — заканчиваться неудачей
sympathy — сочувствие
to make good — преуспевать
on one’s own — самостоятельно
ring — зд.: звучание
65 Unit
Chapter 1

(3) Browsing
А: This pedestrianised street seems to be made for browsing and window shopping.
B: It is. Myself, I  am fond of browsing. You know, as a  rule shop owners don’t mind
browsers. Some even advertise:



come in and look around

Come in and look
You are not expected
to buy anything

Shop owners know that today’s browser is tomorrow’s buyer.

А: Let’s drop into that PAST TIMES antique shop.
B: No, I’d rather see what they have on sale in this China shop.
А: Let’s. Do you fancy those china vases?
B: Beautiful. But don’t touch them. They are too fragile. Have a look at that verse near
the vases:

China is nice to look at

China is nice to hold
But if you break it
Consider it sold

(To be continued)
66 Unit 9

Vocabulary notes
to advertise — рекламировать; ср. leisure [le ] — свободное время
выше: advertisement — реклама obligation — обязательство
antique [æntik] — антикварный owner — владелец
to browse [braz] — разглядывать pedestrianised street — пешеходная
товары улица, syn. pedestrian-only
china — фарфор street
to consider — считать, признавать verse — стихотворение
to expect — ожидать window shopping — разглядывание
fragile [fræd al] — хрупкий витрин

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
как правило; никаких обязательств; не возражают против захода посетителей,
разглядывающих товары; улица, кажется, создана для; люблю разглядывать
товары; разглядывайте товары, когда у вас есть время; Давайте зайдём в магазин;
Пожалуйста, заходите.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1) Let’s drop ... that shop. 2) Browse ... your leisure. 3) I am fond ... browsing. 4) I’d rather
see what they have ... sale ... this China shop. 5) China is nice to look ... .
Exercise 3. In the dialogue above, find synonyms of the following sentences and
1. No one expects you to buy anything. 2. It is nice to look at china. 3. As for me, I am
fond of browsing. 4. It is nice to hold china.
Exercise 4. Answer these questions:
1. What is a pedestrianised street?
2. Can you name a pedestrianised street in your city?
3. What is the difference between browsing and window shopping?
4. Why don’t shop owners mind browsers?
5. Why shouldn’t the vases be touched?
6. What if you should break one?
Exercise 5. You can see this sign near Covent Garden underground station in London.
Translate it.

No vehicles
Except for loading
Shopping 67

Vocabulary notes
to load — грузить vehicle [vikl] — колёсное без-
sign — знак, вывеска, объявление, рельсовое транспортное средство,
указатель, надпись автомашина

Exercise 6. Read and translate this verse (use a dictionary where necessary).
Rebecca’s After-thought
by Elizabeth Turner
Yesterday, Rebecca Mason,
In the parlour by herself,
Broke a handsome china basin,
Placed upon the mantel-shelf.

Quite alarmed, she thought of going

Very quietly away,
Not a single person knowing,
Of her being there that day.

But Rebecca recollected

She was taught deceit to shun;
And the moment she reflected,
Told her mother what was done;

Who commended her behavior,

Loved her better, and forgave her.

Now answer these questions:

1. What did Rebecca break?
2. What was her immediate reaction?
3. Why did she change her mind?
4. What did she do?
5. How did her mother take it?

(4) Marks and Sparks
А: There’s a signboard across the road which says, ‘Cards & Things’. Just what things are
B: Other things for birthdays, such as books and gift stationery. Shall we drop in?
А: No, I need something quite different.
B: What?
А: A pair of briefs, a T-shirt and a single-breasted suit.
B: Then Marks and Sparks will fit the bill.
А: Marks and Sparks? What’s that?
B: That’s what we sometimes call our Marks and Spencer department stores.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
briefs — трусы Marks and Spencer, infml Marks and
ladies’ b. — женские трусы, syn. Sparks — сеть универмагов «Маркс
panties, knickers (BE), underwear и Спенсер» в Великобрита-
(AE) нии
mama b. — большие женские трусы signboard, syn. sign — вывеска
men’s b., syn. underpants, AE stationery — канцелярские принадлеж-
shorts — мужские трусы (ср.: BE ности
shorts — шорты) suit — костюм
card — зд.: открытка double-breasted s. — двубортный
department store — универмаг костюм
to fit the bill, syn. to suit smb’s pur- single-breasted s. — однобортный
pose — быть именно тем, что нужно костюм
gift, syn. present — подарок T-shirt — майка

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
Зайдём?; на другой стороне улицы; Этот универмаг как раз то, что тебе нужно;
вывеска, на которой написано.

Exercise 2. Write synonyms and counterparts of the following words and phrases:
present, to go in, underpants, double-breasted suit, a pair of panties.
Shopping 69

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. What is ‘Cards and Things’?
2. What is ‘Marks and Sparks’?
3. What is a department store?

Exercise 4. Read and translate these clippings about a price cut by M & S. What details
does the Daily Mail clipping contain not to be found in the clipping from The Daily

DAILY MAIL 18.7.2008, p. 28

The £24 suit from M&S

New round of price cuts hits High St

By Sean Poulter
Consumer Affairs Editor
Marks & Spencer cut the price of se- Figures from the Office of National
lected men’s suits to only £24 yesterday. Statistics show this is one of very few
Giving notice of a  summer price sectors where prices are falling.
war, it also reduced some summer Marks & Spencer, which started its
dresses to £9 and T-shirts to £2. summer sale yesterday, is cutting 60
At the same time, the ‘big four’ per cent or more off fashions to try
supermarkets opened a new front in to turn around a  faltering sales per-
their battle to be the cheapest on the formance that has triggered fears for
High Street. profits.
Fashion stores and supermarkets
Its cheapest man’s suit, which is
have announced a  round of price
produced in the Far East, is machine
cuts to try to head off a High Street
washable and is made from polyester,
The reductions are good for shop- has been reduced from £49.50 to £24.
pers suffering the biggest squeeze on The price cut of 51.5 per cent
living standards since the 1970s, with makes it the cheapest suit the chain
food, fuel and energy costs rising and has ever sold.
banks cutting access to credit. The ‘big four’ supermarkets,
Clothing and shoe retailers in meanwhile, are feeling the heat of
particular are having a  torrid time. competition from discount stores.
70 Unit 10

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 19.7.2008, p. 3

Not just an M&S suit, it’s a £24 M&S suit

By Richard Alleyne
MARKS & SPENCER is selling its The price cut of 51.5 per cent
cheapest ever suit — at just £24. makes it the cheapest suit the chain
The retail chain has cut the price has sold.
of the single-breasted suit from £49 Marks & Spencer, which started its
in its summer sale. sale this week, is cutting 60 per cent
Produced in the Far East, it is ma- or more off some fashion goods.
chine washable and made from poly- The chain is trying to turn around
ester. a  faltering sales performance that
has triggered fears for profits.

Exercise 5. Find out from this receipt the shop’s address, when the sale was made,
what was sold and the operator initials (mens = men’s).

Shoes to Choose
Christchurch (1618)
18/22 Royal Street
Christchurch, Dorset BH23 1AY
Tel: 01202 444655
VAT REG: 372 1914 82
1618 1 118862 13/08/2009 11:40
80388 090 1x 9.99 9.99 S
Cash 10.00
Change –0.01
Scan this for Returns
71 Chapter 1 Unit

(5) A suit
А: Good afternoon.
B: Good afternoon. Can I help you?
А: Yes, I need a single-breasted suit.
B: Match or mix?
А: Match, please.
B: What size?
А: I have lost some weight recently, so I’m not sure.
А: That’s one way. Or I may try on several suits about my size until I have found one that fits.
As they say in America, “Before you buy, you can taste.” I can feel this suit is two sizes too big.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
about — приблизительно mix — костюм, где пиджак и брюки
to fit — подходить по размеру разного цвета
to lose weight — похудеть, ср. выше: size — размер
ant put on weight — поправиться to taste — пробовать на вкус
match — костюм одного цвета to try on — примерять
to measure — снимать мерку

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
костюм, который впору; Я недавно похудел; Это — один способ; если сомневае-
тесь; Попросите, чтобы с  вас сняли мерку; этот костюм на два размера больше,
чем нужно.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and an adverb.

1) If ... doubt ... your size, please ask to be measured. 2) I may try ... several suits ... my size.

Exercise 3. Read this dialogue (use a dictionary where necessary).

Mr West: I should like to see one of those ties you have in the window.
Shopkeeper: With pleasure, sir. Here they are (brings several boxes and puts them on the
counter). How would you like this one, sir? It is pure silk.
Mr West: Well, I think this one is just what I want to wear with my new suit. How much
is it?
72 Unit 11

Shopkeeper: Three pounds 50, sir.

Mr West: It’s rather expensive, but I think I’ll take it.
Shopkeeper: Thank you, sir. Anything else? We have some excellent shirts, socks, col-
lars and gloves. How about an umbrella for this rainy weather? We have a sale of men’s
umbrellas this week.
Mr West: I don’t use an umbrella. I always leave my umbrella somewhere, on the bus or
in the Underground. I am tired of buying umbrellas for other people.
Shopkeeper: What you should do is buy two umbrellas: one to leave on the bus or in the
Underground, and one to use when it starts raining.
Mr West: You are very clever but I am not interested. Where shall I pay the bill?
Shopkeeper: At the pay-desk, sir. Thank you, sir. Good afternoon.
Now answer these questions:
1. What did Mr West need to wear with his suit?
2. What else did the shopkeeper offer?
3. Why did he advise Mr West to buy two umbrellas instead of one?
4. Did Mr West buy any?

Exercise 4. Use this table to make 14 sentences.

ask to be measured.
leave it out.
do check.
in doubt, try that hospital.
trust your instincts.
don’t act unless you’re certain.
consult a dictionary1.

Exercise 5. Read, translate and memorise these jokes. Tell them to your comrades.
“You know, dear, John doesn’t seem to be as well dressed as he was when you married
“That’s funny. I’m sure it’s the same suit.”

Customer: Can you alter2 this dress to fit me?

Salesman: Certainly not. That isn’t done any more. You will have to be altered to fit the

consult a dictionary — посмотреть (что-л.) в словаре
to alter — подгонять
73 Chapter 1 Unit

(6) Pharmacy, Drugstore
and Chemist
Gregory: Mike, I need vitamin pills. Do pharmacies do them?
Michael: No, not them. Pharmacies, formerly in America and now in Britain as well, sell
medicines on prescription. So do chemists. But at a chemist’s you can usually also buy
toiletries, household goods and baby things. You might find your pills there.
G.: How about a drugstore?
M.: In America, a drugstore is a pharmacy, especially one which sells not only medicine,
but also beauty products, school supplies, small things to eat, garden products, film etc.
It used to sell simple meals too.
G.: But I  recently came across a  signboard ‘Drug Store’ in England. What do they do
M.: Yes, they now have them in Britain as well. Highcliffe Drug Store in Dorset, for in-
stance, does Film Processing, Health Foods, Toiletries, Discount Perfumes, Cosmetics,
Household Goods, Vitamins, Aroma theraphy and Remedies.
G.: Will they have the pills I need?
M.: Very likely. It’s either there or at a chemist’s, but not at a pharmacy.
G.: Do you happen to know their shopping times?
M.: On weekdays, 9 a. m. to 5 p. m., and on Saturdays, 11 a. m. to 4 p. m.
G.: Many thanks.

Vocabulary notes
aroma — аромат, запах household goods — хозяйственные
baby things — товары для маленьких товары
детей likely — возможно, вероятно
beauty products — косметика medicine, syn. drug, remedy, AE medi-
chemist(Ɔs) — аптека cation — лекарство
drugstore — аптека, где, помимо perfume — духи
лекарств, продаётся ряд мелких pharmacy — аптека (соответствует
штучных товаров, проявляется фото- рецептурному отделу российской
плёнка аптеки)
etc = et cetera — и так далее Late Night P. — дежурная аптека
film — фотоплёнка pill — пилюля, ср.: tablet — таблетка
formerly — прежде, раньше prescription — рецепт
health foods — диетические to make up (AE to fill) a p. — выпи-
продукты сать рецепт
74 Unit 12

Vocabulary notes
а р. for smth — рецепт на что-л. school supplies — школьные принад-
by p. only — только по рецепту лежности
to obtain a medicine/a drug on shopping times, syn. opening hours —
a doctor’s p. — купить лекарство по время работы магазина
рецепту врача therapy — лечение
available without a p. — продается toiletries — туалетные принадлеж-
без рецепта ности
processing — зд.: проявка weekday — будний, рабочий день
ready-made — готовый

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
Будут ли у  них нужные мне пилюли?; магазин открыт; продают лекарства по
рецептам; Они когда-то продавали некоторые простые блюда; Продаются ли они
в аптеках?

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.

1) Pharmacies sell medicines ... prescription. 2) ... a  chemist’s you can buy toiletries.
3) I came ... a signboard ‘Drug Store’. 4) It’s ... a chemist’s, but not ... a pharmacy.

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. What kind of medicines do pharmacies do?
2. What goods do chemist’s do?
3. What items do American drugstores carry?
4. What goods do English drug stores do?

Exercise 4. Rewrite the second sentences as in examples b:

a) She is happy. I am too.
b) She is happy. So am I.
1. He is married. I am too.
2. She’s very respectable. He is too.
3. Pharmacies sell medicines on prescription. Chemists do too.
a) She laughed. I also laughed.
b) She laughed. So did I.
4. You saw him. I also saw him.
5. I want it. He also wants it.
6. Pharmacies sell medicines on prescription. Chemists also sell medicines on prescrip-
Shopping 75

Exercise 5. Compare these receipts for the same medicine to find out what they have
in common and where they differ.

Abbot’s Pharmacy YourDrugStore

Pine Lane 62 ROYAL ROAD
Tel. 01425 256349 01202 470022

VAT No. 222 5169 16 This is not a VAT Receipt

5037560015460 2 0 20 18 £0.32
TOTAL £0.49 CASH £0.40
CASH £10.00
Total number of items sold = 2
CHANGE £9.51 CHANGE £0.08
Make your life easier — ask about our CASHIER NAME: shirley
free prescription collection service 00007 T002 11:59:09 13AUG2009
Thank you for shopping VAT No: TTT947160
at Abbot’s Pharmacy
Term 1 Inv 11676 Oper 2 AT YOUR DRUGSTORE
Store 6797 Date 29/07/2010 09:04
Buy online at our website and
receive 10% off your first order!
Enter promotions code
XXX00420 at checkout
Code cannot be used in conjunction
with multiple buys (e. g. 2 for 1)
Valid until 25/07/10
76 Chapter 10 Unit

Bargaining at a market
А: How much do you want for this video cassette?
B: Five pounds.
А: Five pounds? You must be joking. It isn’t worth more than 50 p.
B: Now, the asking price is five pounds. You are offering 50 p. I’m prepared to meet you
half way. Shall we say two pounds fifty?
А: One pound fifty.
B: Two pounds twenty-five.
А: One seventy-five.
B: Two pounds. That’s the settling price.
А: A deal (the cassette and money change hands). Thanks very much.
B: Cheers. All the best. Live long and die happy.

Vocabulary notes
at a market — на рынке ant. No d. — Не пойдёт (не догово-
to bargain — торговаться, syn. to рились)
haggle over the cost of smth/about to meet smb half way — пойти кому-л.
smth/for the best price навстречу, уступить
to change hands — менять владельцев to be prepared — быть готовым
cheers — infml 1) спасибо, 2) до сви- price
дания asking p. — запрашиваемая цена
deal — зд.: договорились, ср. выше: settling p. — окончательная цена
d. — сделка to be worth smth — стоить, быть до-
syn. We’ve got a d. стойным чего-л.

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
Всего наилучшего; Скажем, два фунта пятьдесят пенсов; Я  прошу пять фунтов;
Я готов уступить; Желаю вам долгих лет жизни; Она не стоит больше 50 пенсов;
Вы, должно быть, шутите; Кассета и деньги меняют владельцев.
Exercise 2. Answer these questions:
1. What was the asking price?
2. How did the two men reach a compromise?
3. Were both satisfied with it?
4. How do you know that?
Bargaining at a market 77

Exercise 3. Read this text (use a dictionary where necessary).

Covent Garden Market is never the same from one day to the next; diverse lines of mer-
chandise in the dozens of varied shops are constantly changing and elegant window dis-
plays tempt the shopper into each and every shop to discover hidden treasures on the
shelves and presentations. As well as the fashionable shops and tempting eateries, the
stalls of the Apple Market are always worth a browse. If you are shopping for an unusual
gift this month, the Apple Market could be just the place.
Now answer these questions:
1. What market is described?
2. What word is used for ‘goods’?
3 What do you think is an eatery?
4. What are you likely to find at the Apple Market?
Exercise 4. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary when necessary).
Find in it the answers to these questions:
1. What synonym of ‘bargaining’ is used?
2. What are readers advised to bargain for?
3. What discount is worth trying for when buying jewellery and electrical items?
4. What furniture and household items can be bought at a discount?
5. What threats may work when buying mobile phones?
6. Who can often get discounts?

THE MAIL ON SUNDAY 13.7.2008, p. 77


Don’t be so British... haggle

HAGGLING is not a very British thing 3. TRY haggling when buying fur-
to do, but as household finances are niture and household items, though
squeezed, more consumers are keen this is tricky in High Street stores.
to get a bargain. However, discounts may be available
1. ALWAYS haggle on car prices, for ex-display items.
particularly secondhand ones. Eight 4. MOBILE phones, broadband
out of ten consumers say they never services and insurance are other are-
accept the forecourt price. as where you can haggle, though this
2. IT IS often possible to negotiate usually works only when an existing
a  discount on jewellery and electri- customer is threatening to leave to
cal items, especially if you are buying go to a competitor.
more than one. Try for at least a ten 5. STUDENTS and pensioners can
per cent discount. often get discounts. Ask if it is not ob-
vious what reductions are available.
78 Chapter 10 Unit

(1) Human interest and curiosity
A: I know from experience that all advertising is based on three main principles: 1) at-
tracting the customers’ attention, 2) informing them that certain goods or services are
available, 3) convincing them of their high quality and low cost, thus inducing the cus-
tomers to spend their money on them.
B: I  agree. To attract a  customer’s attention, advertisers try to arouse his interest and
A: Quite right. One way to do so is to make your advertisement look like a familiar ob-
ject. I remember seeing an American ad which looked like traffic lights:




Another way to arouse interest is to give a prospective customer a chance to amuse him-
self. For instance, ‘SNAP, CRACKLE AND POP’ is a phrase used in advertisements for
Rice Krispies, a breakfast cereal, describing the noise it makes when milk is poured on it.
B: Resemblance to something familiar is used linguistically as well. For instance, an ad-
vert may resemble compound words and set phrases:

Hair It Is

which is a signboard at a hairdresser’s — an allusion to the phrase ‘Here it is’.



which resembles the word ‘snapshot’, the message being that your photo will be ready
before you could snap your fingers. And how do you like this advert of a Pizza Hut:

Love at First Bite

with ‘Bite’ used for ‘Sight’?

Advertising 79

Ready, Steady, Shop! (in Britain)
Ready, Set, Shop! (in the USA)
based on ‘Ready, steady/set, go!’ to tell people to start a race.
A: Reduplication is also often resorted to, as in this notice:

by Snappy Snaps
and much more

B: A very effective device seems to be homophony. This is an advert I heard on TV:



A: Then there are those homophonic abbreviations used in SMS text messages and on
signboards like

Shoe Repair
Keys Cut
While U Wait
where U stands for ‘you’.
B: Alliteration and partial phonetic transcription are also used, as in ‘KRISPIES’ for
‘crispies’ and in signboards like
And, of course, rhyme. For example:
A: Let’s not forget use of polysemous words. For example, on a lorry belonging to a dairy
they wrote
Eden Vale
The cream of the country
B: Playing on the two meanings of the word ‘cream’ — a dairy product and something
A: Or on the side of an icecream van:
80 Unit 14

B: I see. This time it’s the two meanings of the verb ‘to lick’: to move your tongue across
the surface of the icecream cone and to defeat that particular kind of icecream in a com-
A: Then there is old spelling. It never fails to attract attention. For example, this is a sign-
board I copied in Christchurch:
The Olde
Eight Bells
B: Interest may also be aroused through deliberate ambiguity. Once I couldn’t help laugh-
ing at this ambiguous advert:
A: It’s really ambiguous. Depending on your intonation, it admits of two interpretations.
One — Why go to another place where you are sure to be cheated when you can come
here where everything is aboveboard. And the other one  — Why go elsewhere to be
cheated when the cheating can be done here.
B: Another way is to write something so incomprehensible that it can only be understood
after reading the advertisement to the end. This is what I copied on a street in Boston:

Beyond Guitar Lessons

Guitar lessons with Steve Widman
go beyond the limits of typical music lessons
According to psychologists, people are more likely to spend money when they are in
high spirits. You must have noticed that in department stores you can often hear pleasant
background music.
A: In New York City, I once saw a grim-faced girl holding up an ad. An elderly man rid-
ing past on a bicycle shouted to her, “Smile!” The idea is that if an advertiser smiles at you,
you will smile back and get in the right mood for shopping.
B: I  once had a  similar experience also in New York City. I  went to the Empire State
Building to get a bird’s eye view of N.Y. Near the ticket office a middle-aged black woman
was shouting, “Come on in! For only 4 dollars! Sexy senior citizens get in for 3!” Now,
hearing that senior citizens may be sexy is sure to make you smile, and you are more
likely to part with your 3 or 4 dollars.
A: Yes, humour is a very effective device. I remember seeing this message in a shop win-
dow in Ringwood, Dorset:

Your husband called

He said
“Go in this shop and spend
as much as you like”.

(To be continued)
Advertising 81

Vocabulary notes
abbreviation — сокращение elderly — пожилой
aboveboard — по-честному, без elsewhere — другое место
обмана exclusively — исключительно
according to smb — по чьему-л. to fail to do smth — не суметь (быть
мнению не в состоянии) сделать что-л.; не
to admit — допускать, признавать сделать чего-л. (ср. выше: to f. — за-
advertiser — рекламщик, ср. выше: канчиваться неудачей)
advertisement — реклама grim-faced — с мрачным лицом
alliteration — аллитерация (одинако- hairdresser(Ɔs) — дамская парикма-
вые буквы в начале соседних слов) херская
allusion — ссылка на что-л., аллюзия homophony [hmfni] — омофо-
ambiguous — двусмысленный ния
ambiguity — двусмысленность homophonic [hmfnc] — омо-
to amuse oneself — развлекаться фонический
to arouse — возбуждать in high spirits — в хорошем настро-
background — фон ении
to beat — бить, побеждать, превос- in the know — в курсе дела, посвя-
ходить щенный
beyond — за пределами, по другую incomprehensible — непонятный
сторону; запредельный to induce — побуждать, ср. рус.: ин-
bird’s eye view — вид с высоты пти- дукция, индуцировать
чьего полета Kost Konscious = Cost Conscious —
bite — укус, кусание, откусывание зд.: умеренные цены
to camouflage — маскировать to lick — 1) лизать; 2) побить, syn.
to cheat — обманывать to beat; 3) победить, syn. to defeat
cheating — обман lorry, AE truck — грузовик
Come on in infml — Входите, входите love at first sight — любовь с первого
competition — конкуренция взгляда
compound word — сложное слово message — сообщение; идея; смысл
cone — конус, рожок SMS text m. (SMS = Short Messaging
couldn’t help laughing — не мог удер- Service) — CMC-сообщение, разг.
жаться от смеха эсэмэска
to crackle — трещать middle-aged — средних лет
to crisp — хрустеть mood — настроение
curiosity — любопытство to part — расставаться
dairy — молочная ферма; компания partial — частичный
по производству и/или продаже мо- to perform a function — выполнять
лочных продуктов функцию
to defeat, syn. to beat — побеждать Pizza Hut, syn. pizzeria, pizza parlour,
deliberate — нарочитый, умышлен- pizza restaurant — пиццерия
ный, намеренный polysemous [plsms] — много-
device — прибор; приём значный
82 Unit 14

Vocabulary notes
to pop — лопаться с треском, взры- set phrase — устойчивое словосоче-
ваться тание
to pour [p] — лить sexy — сексуальный
prospective — потенциальный to smile back — улыбаться в ответ
Ready, steady (BE)/set (AE), go! — Hа to snap — щелкать
старт, внимание, марш! snappy — быстрый
reduplication — удвоение snap, snapshot — моментальный
repair — ремонт снимок
to resemble, syn. to be/to look + like — to stand for smth — означать что-л.
напоминать, быть похожим surface — поверхность
resemblance — сходство ticket office — билетная касса
to resort to smth — прибегать tongue — язык
к чему-л. (traffic) lights — светофор
rhyme — рифма transcription — транскрипция
to scream for smth — кричать, требуя vale (poet); syn. valley — долина
чего-л. van — микроавтобус
to serve — служить while u wait = while you wait — в при-
сутствии заказчика

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
люди охотнее тратят деньги; для тех, кто в  курсе дела; я  не мог удержаться от
смеха; девушка с  мрачным лицом; женщина средних лет; возбуждать интерес
и  любопытство; более вероятно, что вы расстанетесь со своими деньгами; они
в хорошем настроении; вы улыбнётесь в ответ; не успеете и глазом моргнуть; Вы,
должно быть, заметили; взглянуть на Нью-Йорк с высоты птичьего полета; где вас
наверняка обманут; выполняют совершенно иную функцию; служить средством
рекламы; наверняка заставит вас улыбнуться; давайте, заходите!; любовь с первого
взгляда; проезжавший мимо на велосипеде; знакомый предмет; кричать, требуя
вкусного мороженого; она допускает два толкования; в присутствии заказчика.
Exercise 2. Supply synonyms of the following:
to be like, pizzeria, psychologists think, truck, valley.
Exercise 3. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) If an advertiser smiles ... you, you will smile ... . 2) You will get ... the right mood ...
shopping. 3) reading the advertisement ... the end; 4) an allusion ... the phrase; 5) love ...
first sight; 6) a grim-faced girl holding ... an ad; 7) Resemblance ... something familiar is
used linguistically as well. 8) Reduplication is also resorted .... 9) an elderly man riding
... ... a bicycle; 10) ‘To lick’ is to move your tongue ... the surface of the icecream cone.
11) to get a bird’s eye view ... New York; 12) We all scream ... delicious icecream. 13) It
is a phrase used ... advertisements ... Rice Krispies. 14) It admits ... two interpretations.
Advertising 83

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. What ways to arouse human interest and curiosity are used in advertising?
2. What’s the difference between a hairdresser’s and a barber’s?
3. How did the word ‘snapshot’ originate1?
4. Do you believe in love at first sight?
5. Do you use SMS messages?
6. How are polysemous words used in advertising?
7. How can a future customer be put in the right mood for spending money?
Exercise 5. Shorten these phrases as in the example:
a) a girl with a grim face
b) a grim-faced girl

1) a man with a long nose; 2) a woman with a kind heart; 3) a person with a cruel2 heart;
4) a boy with long legs; 5) a child with blue eyes; 6) a girl with black hair.

to originate — возникать, происходить (от/из чего-л.)
cruel — жестокое

(2) High quality
A: This choc-ice-on-stick makes my mouth water.
B: Speaking of icecream reminds me of an advert I saw on the side of an icecream van.
I mentioned it last time we spoke. Remember?
A: Superlatives in advertising are pretty common, as in
The World’s Greatest Newspaper


Britain’s best-selling quality daily
or take this signboard in London:
The world’s finest
Superlatives can be hinted at, as in this CNN ad:

Good, better, Bank XXX

Anyone will associate ‘Bank XXX’ with ‘best’.
If an adjective is very expressive, it can attract potential customers even when it is used
in the positive form:
Every year, you pick up 40 million unputdownable books from us.
Love books. Think.
B: Now, can you guess what was advertised on a hoarding I once saw on my way to Windsor:
If your assistant reads The Economist
don’t play too much golf
A: The advert sure was invented by the publishers of The Economist.
B: Obviously. The idea was to promote the sales of The Economist. Prospective
subscribers or buyers were made to believe that after reading The Economist the
assistant would get so smart that he would be able to fill his boss’s shoes.
Advertising 85

A: And, of course, now that we are speaking of quality, I can’t help mentioning an advert
of a cake. I heard on TV: ‘This cake will be flying off the shelves’. In other words, it will be
the top seller.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
choc-ice-on-stick = choc(olate) + smart — умный, толковый, сообрази-
ice(cream) + on stick — эскимо (шо- тельный
коладное мороженое на палочке) subscriber — подписчик
to fill smb’s shoes — занять чьё-л. super infml — великолепный
место superlative — превосходная степень
to hint at smth — намекать на что-л. сравнения
hoarding [hd] — рекламный щит top seller, syn. best seller — пользую-
merchandise [mt
ndaz] — товар щийся наибольшим спросом
pet shop — магазин товаров для до- unputdownable book — книга, от
машних животных которой невозможно оторваться
to promote — способствовать, содей- will be flying off the shelves — будет
ствовать, рекламировать нарасхват
quality — качество, качественный

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
реклама наверняка была придумана издателями; Разговор о  мороженом напо-
минает мне; Потенциальных подписчиков и  покупателей заставили поверить;
сможет занять место своего босса; поумнеет настолько, что; способствовать
продаже «Экономиста».

Exercise 2. Answer these questions:

1. Who invented the advert about reading The Economist?
2. What was the idea?
3. What was the boss advised not to do?
4. What could happen if the boss did play 1 too much golf ?

Exercise 3. Translate the following adverts:

1. Delicious Burgers
2. Shoecare2. Value is the Keynote3.

did play — всё же играл бы
shoecare — уход за обувью
keynote — главное
to last — зд. надолго
86 Unit 15


6. WE ARE G&T’s4
8. thankyou
for shopping at G&T’s
the house of temptation
we bake it better
we make it work
(an advert on the side of a pickup truck6 owned
by a company doing repairs of radio and TV)
The Chocolate, the taste
(an advert on the side of a trailer7)
12. Start your day with Nescafe Coffee at its best
14. Money back if not completely satisfied
15. BUT YOU ARE WORTH IT (often used at the end of advertisements of expen-
sive beauty products)
16. The dignity9 of business demands dignified10 dress.

Exercise 4. How do you interpret this American joke?

“Why is divorce so expensive?”
“Because it is worth it.”

Exercise 5. Read and translate this text (use a dictionary where necessary).
If you were to prepare a script for a 30-second radio advertisement you have to decide:
Who you want to appeal to?

to make it through — пробраться через
store, syn. warehouse  — большой магазин; магазин-склад, где товары не выставлены на
прилавках, а находятся на полках, в таре и т. д., АЕ магазин
to refund — возвращать деньги назад, ср. выше: refund — возврат денег
G&T’s — название магазина (по инициалам владельцев)
self-control — самообладание
pickup truck — пикап
trailer — прицеп
Money back satisfaction guarantee = If not satisfied, your money will be refunded
dignity — достоинство
dignified — презентабельный, достойный
Advertising 87

Should it be serious or humorous?

And what about the language — formal or informal? Long complex sentences or
short simple sentences?
As it will be heard on radio (not seen on TV), will certain sound effects be useful? If so, what?
Will your speakers be men or women, or both? Young or old?
And should you specify any special English accents — American, Australian etc?
How would you answer the above questions?

Exercise 6. Here are some questions with superlatives. How would you answer them?
1. Which city in the world would take you the longest to cross?
as far as Midway Island, 1,149 miles west, and Palmyra, 960 miles south.
Pacific Ocean4. The town itself is on the island of Oahu, but its administration5 reaches
Honolulu! Its boundaries1 extend2 over 540,000 square3 miles, most of which is the

2. What is the largest state east of the Mississippi?

Georgia, which has an area6 of 58,876 square miles.

3. Which town has the highest altitude7 in the world?

14,000 feet above sea level.
Cerro de Pasco, in Peru. This silver-mining8 town is in the Andes Mountains, about

4. Which is the oldest dwelling-house9 in Britain?

much later, in 1543.
The Fighting Cocks10 Inn which was built in the year 800. The inn itself was opened
5. Which is the oldest city in England?
6. Which is the highest mountain on the British Isles?
Ben Nevis, in Scotland.
7. Which is the narrowest street in Britain?
dow with your neighbour across the street.
Nelson Street in King’s Lynn, near Norfolk. Here you can shake hands through the win-

boundary — граница
to extend — простираться
square — квадрат(ный)
Pacific Ocean — Тихий океан
administration — управление
area — площадь
altitude — высота
silver-mining — добыча серебра
dwelling-house — жилой дом
cock — петух
The Egyptian University of Azhar. It was established as an academy in 989, and such sub-
jects as mathematics, astronomy, medicine and geography were taught there at that time.
10. Which is the oldest university in the world?
The oldest watch is one made of iron by P. Hell in Nürnberg, Germany, 1504. Now the
watch is in the Memorial Hall, Philadelphia, USA.
9. Which is the oldest watch?
It is in Salisbury Cathedral, England. It dates from at least 1386.
8. Which is the oldest working clock in the world?
Unit 15 88
89 Chapter 1 Unit

(3) Low prices
A: Some shops specialize in cheap items. There is one in London’s Regent Street where
any item is 20p.
B: There are plenty of such shops selling things at bargain prices in all English-speaking
countries. They usually have signboards like ‘Cost Cutter’ (costcutter) (Dublin), ‘Pound-
saver’ (Edinburgh), ‘Masterpound’ (Christchurch), ‘Price Low’s Discount & Dollar Store’,
‘Dollar & Bargain’, ‘Bargain Buys’ (Ireland), ‘Bargain Store’, ‘Bargain Shop’, ‘Kost Kon-
scious’ (Edinburgh), ‘Enjoy Our Prices’ (San Francisco), ‘Thrift Store’ (Los Angeles),
‘Thrift Shop’ (New York), ‘Poor Man’s Shop’ (Montreal), ‘Supercent’ (Miami), ‘Costsaver’
(London), Poundsaver, Kwiksave (BBC).
Receipts often end in something like
and that is typical not only of shops but of all kind of private notices as well. For example:
Pianoforte tuition
Most reasonable fees
Phone: 01222 444335 for details
A: Sometimes it is cheap in the advertisement only. Once the customer is there and they
feel he does not have time to look for better terms, they charge him the usual price. I once
got caught that way myself. In a New York paper the ad was ‘Cheap Air Tickets’. But it
turned out they were not cheaper than in other places.
B: And on buses and coaches too, they try to tempt passengers with low fares. Consider
this advert on the back of a bus ticket:



A: Did you notice that they try not to miss a chance to say ‘only’? For instance:




90 Unit 16

That one I picked up in London’s Petticoat Lane flea market along with three more:
B: You can see similar adverts on the sides of London buses:
A: They are used in America too. For example, an ad for travel:


San Francisco Chronicle 2.3.2006. P. E2
Or consider this advert by an optician in Dorset:

eye sight
Optical manufacturers
Bring us your prescription
and we will produce your spectacles at

B: Sometimes instead of speaking outright of low prices they prefer to speak of reduc-
tions like
Double cut days
Discount Shoes
Many items further reduced
Once I bought a pair of shoes in Christchurch at a price reduced because it happened to
be Monday.
A: Their favourite trick is to contrast the present price with the old one. For example:
Down in price
Now £2.99
Was £3.99
Or the other way round:
was £5.10
now £3.50
B: Yet another way is offering a discount for a large purchase as in
Cane Sugar
1 kg 59p
3 for £1.68 (save 9p)
Advertising 91

Buy one
or get
when you buy five
one free

A: In a restaurant in Windsor they have a bonus:

Kids Eat Free

B: To fight competition, a warehouse in Highcliffe had for a few years a signboard WE

Not uncommon are adverts like


PRICE SMASH PRICE CRASH 100s of prices shattered! PRICE CUTS

Sometimes the competitor is named. For example:

Or even more directly:





To stir up buying fever, a time limit is set for the discount. For example:
92 Unit 16

A: Pretty common is feigning madness as in

Midsummer Madness
1/2 price reduction
Crazy Ron’s

B: It’s a gimmick to pretend that he sells things at ludicrously low prices because he is
not all there.
A: As for low prices in summer, I remember seeing this advert in the Daily Express and
the Daily Mail:
Summer TIME
and the saving is
B: An allusion to ‘Summertime and the living is easy’ from George Gershwin’s opera
‘Porgy and Bess’.
A: Yes, the implication is that due to the summer heat wave salespeople are off their heads
and are selling goods at ridiculously low prices. So seize the opportunity and buy before
they have come to their senses. Sometimes a mere mention of summer is enough to do
the trick:
Summer price crunch
B: Quite right. Another tactic is to offer delayed payment: adverts like
buy now, pay later
nothing to pay for up to
12 months
In other words, selling things on credit.
(To be continued)

Vocabulary notes
allusion — аллюзия, ссылка на что-л. common — частый, распространённый,
along with — вместе с ant. uncommon — редкий
bargain n — дешёвая покупка; ср. competitor — конкурент
выше: to bargain — торговаться crunch — спад, кризис
b. a — дешёвый custom — зд.: покупки, ср. выше: cus-
bonus — бонус, премия tomer — покупатель, клиент
cane — тростник to delay — отсрочить
Clubcard — дисконтная карта to do the trick — сработать, дать
coach — междугородный автобус желаемый результат
to come to one’s senses — опомниться, doughnut [dnt], AE donut
прийти в себя [dnt] — пончик
Advertising 93

Vocabulary notes
the East End — Ист-Энд (восточная to pay through the nose — платить чрез-
часть Лондона с небогатым мерно высокую цену
населением), ср. AE: the East Side — pretty — зд.: довольно, весьма
восточная часть Нью-Йорка price — цена
fare — плата за проезд bargain p. — низкая цена
fee — плата, гонорар knockdown p. — сниженная цена
to feign [fen] — притворяться, to shatter/to smash/to slash prices
симулировать infml — резко снижать цены; ср.: to
flea — блоха cut/to lower prices — снижать цены
free — бесплатный; бесплатно
to set a time limit — установить
gimmick infml — трюк
предельный срок
granulated sugar — сахарный песок
spec = spectacles, syn. glasses — очки
implication — то, что
подразумевается to stir up buying fever — вызвать
to look out for smth — высматривать, ажиотажный спрос
выискивать что-л. to suit all grades and pockets — всех
ludicrously, syn. ridiculously — типов по доступным ценам
смехотворно terms — условия (договора, сделки)
manufacturer — изготовитель, the other way round — наоборот
производитель thrift — экономный; дешёвый
a mere mention — одно лишь thriftshop, thriftstore —
упоминание американский магазин, продающий
mid-summer — в середине лета в благотворительных целях товары,
not all there — «не все дома» бывшие в употреблении (обычно
to be off one’s head — рехнуться одеждy и хозяйственные товары)
on credit — в кредит tuition — обучение
opportunity — удачная возможность, to turn out — оказываться
шанс warehouse — магазин-склад
to seize the o. — воспользоваться the West End — Уэст-Энд — западная
возможностью (аристократическая) часть Лондона,
optician — оптик ср. AE: the West Side — западная часть
outright — прямо Нью-Йорка

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
Или наоборот; цена снижена; Оказалось, что они не дешевле, чем в других местах;
смешные цены; У него не все дома; Как только клиент там; продажа в кредит; бло-
шиный рынок; отсроченная оплата; Покупайте, пока они не пришли в себя; Есть
множество таких магазинов; весьма умеренная плата; Не упускайте шанс; лиши-
лись рассудка; Подробности по телефону... ; для борьбы с конкуренцией; еще один
способ; Следите за нашими объявлениями о дешёвых распродажах; Я сам однаж-
ды так попался; вместе с  двумя другими; нередко встречается реклама; разного
94 Unit 16

рода частные объявления; Довольно распространена симуляция сумасшествия;

Наши цены ниже любых цен в Соединённом Королевстве; Они стремятся не упу-
стить случая сказать «только».
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1) Salespeople are ... their heads. 2) They try to tempt passengers … low fares. 3) That is
typical … shops; 4) Some shops specialize ... cheap items. 5) He does not have time to
look … better terms. 6) … other words, selling things … credit. 7) There are shops selling
things ... bargain prices. 8) Nothing to pay ... ... ... 12 months.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. Are prices always as low as advertised?
2. What word is often used in advertisements?
3. Which prices are higher, West-End or East-End ones?
4. Which shirts are higher quality, West-End or East-End ones?
5. What is the equivalent of low prices?
6. What prices are sometimes contrasted in advertisements?
7. Which is cheaper, to buy things as part of a large purchase or of a small one?
8. What is done to fight competition?
9. Why do shop owners sometimes pretend to be crazy?
10. What is delayed payment?
Exercise 4. Turn these commands into questions as in the examples:
a) Pay more than you need.
b) Why pay more than you need?
Зачем платить больше, чем нужно?
1. Stop her. 2. Fight it. 3. Wait. 4. Worry about what she might think.

a) Go north.
b) Why not go north?
Почему бы не поехать на север?
5. Go east this year. 6. Save yourself the trouble by getting your flat and furniture through
the same firm. 7. Go back to your place.

Exercise 5. Read and translate the excerpt from the article from The Sun. Find there
the answers to these questions:
1. What restaurant sells cheap food?
2. Who ordered it?
3. What was ordered?
4. At what price?
5. Where was it eaten?
6. With whom?
7. Why?
8. Why might his officers not like it?
Advertising 95

THE SUN 24.8.2005, p. 19

Buy one, one gets one free

Harry grabs McDonald’s deal

HUNGRY Prince Harry snapped up Customer Ollie Wace, 12: “He was sit-
a  bargain yesterday by popping into ting with friends eating a chicken burg-
McDonald’s for a money-spinning “buy er. He had a couple of them so he must
one get one free” meal. have been hungry.” McDonald’s man-
He opted for two chicken burgers at a cut- ager Tom Moore, 23, said: “He ordered
price £1.99 and a  strawberry milkshake a  buy one get one free chicken sand-
costing 92p... and scoffed the lot himself. wich, which I thought was a bit cheap-
Harry, training at Sandhurst military skate for Royalty.” His junk food meal
academy, dropped into the busy Mc- might not please his Sandhurst superi-
Donald’s in Plymstock, Devon, with six ors — Harry has struggled with some of
pals and bodyguards. his training, because of lack of fitness.

Exercise 6. Read the text of the above voucher and answer these questions:
1. What is advertised?
2. What shows that the food advertised is worth buying?
3. How long is the voucher valid?
4. Where is the restaurant situated?
96 Unit 10 Unit

(4) Sales
A: Low prices are not necessarily a result of competition.
B: I agree. Things are sometimes sold cheaply for an entirely different reason. For in-
stance, when a shop is closing down for good.
A: Oh, yes. In London, signs say CLEARANCE SALE, whereas in Canada I came across
B: In New York, I remember reading in a Woolworth’s shop window:

20—70% OFF

A: In Highcliffe, Dorset, the site where they sold used cars was to be cleared for housing
construction. Next to the price on all cars there appeared signs


B: What was meant by ONE OFF?

A: Meaning that all cars are on sale at a price one thousand pounds less than the one
shown on their windscreen.
By the way, clearance sales are not confined to shops. There is also such a thing as House
Clearance, when everything in the house is sold because the owner is moving house,
say, when the house is for sale1 or is about to be demolished. An alternative to House
Clearance Sale is selling things via House Clearance Service (or a House Clearance Firm)
which buys and sells furniture, pictures etc.
B: On the other hand, there are GRAND OPENING SALES to mark the opening of new
In such cases, the sequence (последовательность) of signs is as follows: FOR SALE (продает-
ся) — UNDER OFFER (есть желающие купить) — SALE AGREED (соглашение достигнуто) —
SOLD (продан). Compare: ON SALE (дешево продается при распродаже). Sometimes the seller
specifies which part of the house is for sale and on what terms, e. g. FOR SALE (ground floor) (пер-
вый этаж), FOR SALE (penthouse) (мансарда), FOR SALE (informal tender) (цена договорная,
торг уместен).
Advertising 97

A: Apart from CLOSING DOWN and OPENING SALES, there are seasonal sales, for in-
stance, SUMMER SALE (summer selling spree) or CHRISTMAS SALE, when prices are
cut. Sometimes they halve. I, for one, often wait until Christmas to make my purchases.
Lots of foreigners come to Britain for Christmas sales.
B: And sometimes no excuse for the sale is given and the only reason for a sale seems to
be a desire for a quick buck, as in


or in



A: Speaking of low prices, we should also mention ‘jumble sales’ in Britain and ‘rummage
sales’ in the US and Canada. People bring there all sort of things they do not need: old
clothes, books, bric-a-brac, etc. to be sold for charity. And then there are charity shops
or thrift shops/stores which sell second-hand merchandise, esp. clothing, with proceeds
often going to charity, with notices like



B: We forgot one more kind of sale — the British ‘car boot sale’ (‘car boot’ or ‘boot sale’,
for short). People bring there in the boot of their car mostly second-hand goods. Those
are either their own or what they buy at auctions or from neighbours. Sometimes quite
good things can be bought there for a  song. I  once chanced to buy at a  car boot sale
a portable typewriter in good condition for only £3.50, which is dirt-cheap. By analogy
with ‘we went shopping’ people say, ‘We went car-booting this morning’.
A: Let’s not forget the British and American ‘garage sale’, that is sale by the garage owner
of his possessions. He usually sits at the entrance to his garage, the things he sells spread
before him on the ground or on an improvised counter. People often have a garage sale
before they move house (‘garage and house moving sale’).
B: And finally, there is the Canadian ‘street sale’ when things are sold by people living in
the same street and the American and Canadian ‘yard sale’ of used household items and
other possessions, held in the front yard of a private house.
(To be continued)
98 Unit 17

Vocabulary notes
auction — аукцион sale — распродажа
bric-a-brac — безделушка car boot (s.), syn. bootsale — рынок
buck infml — доллар, «бакс» товаров, доставленных в багажниках
to buy smth for a song — купить автомашин
что-л. за бесценок to car-boot = to shop at a car-boot sale
by analogy with — по аналогии с clearance s., syn. clearance outlet —
car boot, AE trunk — багажник полная распродажа, распродажа-лик-
to chance — сделать что-л. случайно видация
charity — благотворительность drastic s. — активная распродажа
to clear — очищать garage s. — распродажа из гаража
to confine — ограничивать
jumble s. BE — благотворительная
counter — прилавок
dirt-cheap — дешевле не бывает
entire — весь megasale — гигантская распродажа
entirely — совсем; полностью relocation s. — распродажа в связи
for good — навсегда с переездом в другое помещение
to give an excuse — приводить что-л. rummage s. AE, CanE — благотвори-
в оправдание тельная распродажа
to go out of business — ликвидиро- seasonal s. — сезонная распродажа
вать предприятие supersale — сверхраспродажа
to halve — уменьшать(ся) наполо- s. now on — идет распродажа
вину yard s. — распродажа во дворе
the house is about to be demolished — second-hand — подержанный, бывший
дом собираются сносить в употреблении
household items — предметы домаш- to shoplift — воровать выставленные
него обихода товары (часто в универсамах)
housing construction — жилищное the sick — больные люди
строительство site — место, участок (напр. застройки)
I, for one ..., syn. As for me, I ...; Myself, to specify — уточнять
I ... — Что касается меня, то я ... spree — транжирство
improvised — импровизированный; to steal (stole, stolen) — воровать, красть
временный stock — запас; товар, имеющийся на
to mark — отмечать, маркировать складе магазина
to move house — переезжать на новое
terms — условия
место жительства
thrift — экономия
80% off — снижение цен на 80%
used car — подержанная автомашина
outlet, syn. market — место сбыта,
рынок via [va] — через
portable typewriter — портативная windscreen — переднее/ветровое стек-
пишущая машинка ло, АЕ windshield
possessions — собственность, имуще- Woolworth’s (infml Woolie’s) — амери-
ство; чьи-л. вещи кано-британская торговая компания
proceeds — выручка от продаж, syn. «Вулуорт»
takings yard — двор
Advertising 99

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Я встречал надписи; витрина магазина; полная распродажа; Дом продаётся; Дом
собираются снести; делать покупки; в хорошем состоянии; Что касается меня, то
я...; с другой стороны; быстрый заработок; в то время как в Канаде; купить что-л.
за смешную цену; цены резко снижены; Подумайте как следует, прежде чем...;
Магазин закрывается навсегда; в благотворительных целях.

Exercise 2. Supply synonyms of these words and phrases:

windshield, for ever, to cut prices, merchandise, trunk, to be going to do smth, clearance

Exercise 3. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1. Old clothes are sold ... charity. 2. The house is ... sale. 3. The shop is closing ... ... good.
4. The company is going ... ... business. 5. Clearance sales are not confined ... shops.
6. Things are sometimes sold cheaply ... an entirely different reason. 7. … analogy … ‘go

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. What are the reasons for sales? CAR BOOT
2. What is House Clearance?
3. What seasonal sales are there?
4. What is a jumble sale? Saturday, 13th August
5. What is a car boot sale?
6. What is a garage sale? 2.00pm — 4.30pm
In the grounds of
Pennington Infant School

Refreshments Cars £5
Entry 20p
In aid of Pennington
Village Pre-School

Exercise 5. Here is an advert of a car boot sale. Find there the answers to these ques-
1. When and where is the car boot sale to take place?
2. What are the charges for driving in and for entry?
3. How is the money to be used?

Exercise 6. Read, translate the excerpt from the article from The Sun (use a dictionary
where necessary) and answer these questions:
100 Unit 17

1. What misprint1 did you notice in the headline2?

2. How much money were Britons expected to spend at car boot sales in 2005?
3. How much do average3 customers spend each trip?
4. How much does the average seller make a time?

THE SUN 25.8.2005, p. 22

£1.6bn in the boot

BRITONS will spend £1.46 BILLI0N at car boot sales this year, according to a survey
out today.
Insurance firm Prudential says 29 million of us have been to the amateur markets —
and two million go more than once a month. The average punter spends £9.61 each
trip, while sellers make £75 a time.

Exercise 7. Read, translate these adverts (use a dictionary where necessary) and an-
swer these questions:
1. What are the two shorter synonyms of ‘car boot sale’?
2. Where and when is the jumble sale to be held?
3. Is the garage owner going to move house?
4. How do you know?
5. How do you interpret ‘retirement sale’?


SAT 12 JULY Saturday 12th July
12.00 noon 11.00am
House Clearance
34th Bournemouth
Toys, books and games
St Francis of Assisi
6 Druids Close, Charminster Road
West Parley

misprint — опечатка
headline — заголовок
average — средний
Advertising 101


Opp. Bournemouth OPEN EVERY
Every Sunday at
6.30am start. Matchams
Cars £5, Vans from £6, 6am-1pm
Trailers £1.
No caterers reqd. Tel:
No traders. 07174 138010
Public adm. 20p.
Tel 07854 192516

Rug & Carpets & C

Mr. Jacob Debenham is retiring after 27 years of serving
his loyal customers in Dorset.
New & Antique
Big & Small
Carpets & Rugs In Stock
Lowest Price In Town
All Sizes • Colours • Prices
119 Queen Anne Street 01202697317
Hours: 12am to 7pm — 7 days a week


Exercise 8. Translate these dialogues (see Unit 4, Exercise 7):

1. “If this is a carboot sale, where are the cars?”
“No, it is rather more jumblish.”
2. “I have a cold: a runny nose, headache and ache around the neck and shoulders.”
“With all those aches, it is no ordinary cold. It must be something fluish.” (flu —
102 Chapter 10 Unit

(5) Classifieds
A: As far as I can see, classifieds in English newspapers have a lot in common with those
in Russian papers.
B: Such as what?
A: Well, take your commercials. For instance:


computers in stock,
plus new built to spec.
upgrades & all PC faults —
same day service.
Tel: 792377/735511

Commercials like that are very common in our classifieds too, as well as SITUATIONS
VACANT adverts.
B: And where do we differ?
A: Among your classifieds there are far more personal items such as wedding congratula-
tions, golden weddings, engagements, forthcoming marriage announcements, birthdays,
birth congratulations, (special) thanks, deaths, in memoriam, etc.
B: Do Russian papers carry classifieds like our ‘Two’s Company’?
A: What do you mean?
B: Well, adverts like

ugly, 30 year old
Bournemouth guy WLTM slim, sexy
attractive babe to spoil him with
affection and kindness.
Call me
on 0805 400 2715
and enter VBN 42561.

A: Oh, yes. We do have adverts like that, may be less humorous. But tell me, what is
meant by WLTM and by VBN?
Advertising 103

B: WLTM is the short for ‘would like to meet’. And VBN stands for ‘voice box number’.

Sagittarian lady, no baggage, no ties,
very self-sufficient, looking for honest
male soulmate, 45—50 with VGSOH, for
friendship and to share good times.
Call me
on 0806 400 2712
and enter VBN 42361.

Here VGSOH means ‘very good state of health’.


affectionate and loving n/s male,
40, 6 ft. WLTM slim and attractive n/s
girl, 32—38 for LTR in the Poole area.
Call me on
0806 400 2716
and enter VBN 45023.

where n/s stands for ‘non-smoker’ and LTR — for ‘long-term relationship’.

male, 20, 5’8”. OHAC and GSH, n/s,
WLTM female who likes pubbing, club-
bing & keeping fit for friendship, fun
and maybe more in future. Genuine
replies only please.
Call me on
0806 3002 448

where ‘pubbing’ and ‘clubbing’ mean going to pubs and clubs, ‘keeping fit’ means physi-
cal exercises, OHAC stands for ‘own house and car’ and GSH — for ‘good state of health’.
A: But isn’t it dangerous to meet with a perfect stranger? Who can tell what he is really
up to?
104 Unit 18

B: It’s certainly a risky thing to do. That is why all such adverts are followed by a warn-
ing from the newspaper (like the one below). Or one can get acquainted via a mating


• Meet in a public place with other people around.
• Make your own way to and from the meeting.
• Always tell someone where you are going.
• Never give your home address until you are com-
pletely confident the person is genuine.

A: Classfields must be pretty expensive.

B: That is one of the reasons why some people prefer to place their adverts on fences,
walls and trees. Other reasons are urgency and making sure their adverts are read by as
many members of their community as possible. Such adverts usually deal with sales or
with items and pets lost and found. For instance,

8th August (NIGHT)



PLEASE CALL: 07625968825 or 07743024221

much loved member of family and her
sister missing her terribly. Thank You!

(To be continued)
Advertising 105

Vocabulary notes
affection — любовь, привязанность, in stock — имеющийся в магазине, ср.
syn. love выше: stock — запас; товар на складе
affectionate — нежная, ласковая магазина
announcement — объявление item — зд.: заметка; ср. выше: item —
around — поблизости, вокруг предмет, товар
attractive — привлекательная, ср. long-term — длительный, долгосрочный
выше: to attract — привлекать Ltd. = Limited — с ограниченной от-
to await smb fml = to wait for smb — ветственностью
ожидать кого-л. to make one’s way — идти своей доро-
baggage — зд.: старая карга
to make sure — обеспечивать; убедить-
balding — лысеющий
ся, что; сделать так, чтобы; проследить
care — зд.: обслуживание
за тем, чтобы
to carry — зд.: опубликовать, поме-
mating agency — агентство знакомств
щать, syn. to publish to miss smb — скучать по кому-л.
classifieds — разнесённые по рубри- nationwide — по всей стране
кам газетные объявления no ties — не обременённая родствен-
commercial — коммерческое объ- ными связями
явление nonsmoker — некурящий
common — 1) общий; 2) широко рас- PC = Personal Computer — персональ-
пространённый ный компьютер
community — община perfect stranger — совершенно незна-
confident, syn. certain, sure — уверенный комый человек
to deal with smb/smth — иметь дело public phone booth — будка таксофона
с кем-л./чем-л., ср. выше: a deal — сделка Rd = Road — дорога; улица
dealer — торговец red-headed, syn. ginger — рыжий
discerning — разборчивый relationship — отношения
engagement — обручение, помолвка risky — рискованный
to enter — зд.: записать свое сообщение safety — безопасность
fault — дефект Sagittarius [sæd teris] — Стрелец
for instance, syn. for example — напри- (по зодиаку)
мер Sagittarian — являющийся Стрель-
forthcoming — предстоящий цом по зодиаку
ft = feet — футы to scare — пугать
fun — забава, развлечение, удоволь- second-hand — подержанный, бывший
ствие, что-л. интересное, ср. выше: в употреблении
funny — забавный, смешной self-sufficient — самостоятельная (фин.)
genuine — зд.: тот, за кого он себя to share good times — для взаимно при-
выдает ятного времяпрепровождения
to get acquainted — познакомиться sincere — искренний
here you are — пожалуйста (в ответ Situations Vacant — Требуются
на просьбу) slim — стройная, ant. fat, obese
humorous, syn. funny soulmate = soul (душа) + mate (това-
in memoriam — некролог рищ) — родственная душа
106 Unit 18

Vocabulary notes
spec. = specification — спецификация, to be up to smth — иметь какие-л. на-
техническое описание мерения
to stand for smth — означать что-л. to upgrade — усовершенствовать
terribly infml — ужасно; очень urgency — срочность
the short for smth — сокращённое обо- via [va] — через
значение чего-л. voice box — индивидуальная аудиокас-
ugly — уродливый; ant. beautiful, lovely, сета
good-looking wedding — свадьба; свадебный

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
это одна из причин того, что; как например; встречайтесь в общественном ме-
сте; у неё могут быть травмы; встречаться с совсем незнакомым человеком; иди-
те своей дорогой (добирайтесь сами) к месту и от места встречи; для взаимно
приятного времяпрепровождения; насколько я могу судить; рискованное дело;
иметь много общего с; пока вы не убедитесь, что человек — именно тот, за кого
он себя выдаёт; в присутствии других людей; возможно большее число членов
общины; А в чем мы различаемся?; в таких объявлениях обычно говорится о; до-
вольно дóроги; позвоните мне по телефону, номер...; Или можно познакомиться
через агентство знакомств.

Exercise 2. Supply synonyms of the following words and phrases:

for example, to ring, certain, love, to publish, fully, real, funny.

Exercise 3. What are the counterparts of these words?

fat, to lose, beautiful, male

Exercise 4. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) VBN stands ... ‘voice box number’. 2) Meet ... a public place ... other people ... . 3) Clas-
sifieds in English newspapers have a lot ... common ... those in Russian papers. 4) Who
can tell what he is really ... ... ? 5) new and second-hand computers ... stock. 6) Please
check all hiding places ... your garden. 7) a computer built ... specification. 8) She is look-
ing ... an honest male soulmate. 9) Call me ... 0906 4824123. 10) WLTM stands ... ‘would
like to meet’. 11) Or one can get acquainted … a mating agency.

Exercise 5. Answer these questions:

1. What do classifieds in English newspapers have in common with those in Russian
2. Where do they differ?
Advertising 107

3. What precautions should be taken when meeting with a perfect stranger?

4. Why do some people prefer to place their advertisements on fences, walls, trees and
public phone booths?
5. What do such advertisements usually deal with?

Exercise 6. Supply the Russian names of these signs of the zodiac:

Cancer [kæns] (June 22 — July 23)
Leo [li] (July 24 — August 23)
Virgo [v ] (August 24 — September 23)
Libra [li()br] (September 24 — October 22)
Scorpio[skpi] (October 23 — November 22)
Sagittarius sæd teris] (November 23 — December 22)
Capricorn [kæprkn] (December 23 — January 20)
Aquarius [kweris] (January 21 — February 19)
Pisces [pasiz] (February 20 — March 20)
Aries [eriz] (March 21 — April 20)
Taurus [trs] (April 21 — May 20)
Gemini [d emna] (May 21 — June 21)

Exercise 7. Read, translate and memorise this joke. Tell it to a comrade.

Friend: Did you get any replies to your advertisement that a lonely1 maiden2 sought3 light
and warmth in her life?
Spinster4: Yes, two from the electric company and one from the gas company.

Exercise 8. These advertisements are ambiguous. Can you tell why? How would you re-
phrase5 some of them to make the meaning clear? (Use a dictionary where necessary.)
1. A superb and inexpensive restaurant. Fine food expertly served by waitresses in ap-
petizing forms.
2. For sale: An antique desk suitable for lady with thick legs and large drawers.
3. WANTED: Girls to pick fresh fruit and produce at night.
4. Mount Kilimanjaro, the breathtaking backdrop for the Serena Lodge. Swim in the
lovely pool while you drink it all in.
5. Sheer stockings. So serviceable that lots of women wear nothing else.
6. Experienced mum will care for your child. Fenced garden, meals, and smacks included.
7. WANTED: Man to take care of cow that does not smoke or drink.
8. Ladies blowses. 50%off !
9. Illiterate? Write today for free help.
10. Ladies, now you can have a bikini for a ridiculous figure — just £ 4.

lonely — одинокий
maiden — дева
to seek (sought, sought) — искать
spinster — старая дева
to rephrase — перефразировать
108 Unit 18

with Carole Sommerville
All calls cost 60p per minute / service by Newsquest Group

Mar. 21–Apr. 19 Jun. 22 — Jul. 22
A new and fascinating person could Plans to visit an old acquaintance with
enter your life. This may spell romance the intention of surprising them with
if you’re single. A  colleague will be your appearance will go as anticipat-
hard to please but this is unlikely to ed. Someone amazes you with some
get you down. Now call my Aries-line recent good news. To hear a  weekly
to hear an in-depth weekly forecast. forecast, call my Cancer-line.
0906392 4648 0906 392 4651

Apr. 20 — May 20 Jul. 23 — Aug. 22
Most of the day will be generally easy- It might be best for you to compro-
going and this also reflects in your mise with people who are being dif-
general outlook. It’s not often lately ficult especially in your home area.
you’ve felt so relaxed. It’s good to have You could go round in endless circles
less burdens on your shoulders. Now once you get into debates concerning
call my Taurus-line. domestic affairs. Now call my Leo-line.
0906 392 4649 0906 392 4652

May 21 — Jun. 21 Aug. 23 — Sept. 22
A sociable mood which has been with There are more things to life than re-
you throughout the month is even sponsibility. Lately, you’ve been work-
more apparent. Activities that get you ing very hard. It’s time to concentrate
out and about and away from your on your private affairs. These include
usual environment are beneficial now. activities designed for pleasure, not
Now call my Gemini-line. duty! Call my Virgo-line.
0906 392 4650 0906 392 4653
Advertising 109

Sept. 23 — Oct. 23 Dec. 22 — Jan. 19
You may be searching for something There is hint of possible new avenues.
exciting but you won’t want to do this These could bring further improve-
alone. There could be the chance to ments into your life. A  partnership
join a new Club or Society where you takes on a  new meaning when joint
can share a  hobby or interest with decisions reinforce your ties. Now call
like-minded people. my Capricorn-line.
0906 392 4654 0906 392 4657

Oct. 24 — Nov. 22 Jan. 20 — Feb. 18
If you are working today, you could Someone you work closely with has
be surprised at how a  recent mood had the chance to come up with new
of tension suddenly vanishes. If col- ideas that sound exciting. You are
leagues have been awkward lately, happy to drop previously made plans
they now seem more friendly and in favour of a  more interesting offer.
helpful. Call my Scorpio-line. Now call my Aquarius-line to hear
0906 392 4655 more.
0906 392 4658

Nov. 23 — Dec. 21 Feb. 19 — Mar. 20
You have an abundance of enthusi- Home, family and property concerns
asm, and you feel inspired to take on will go just the way you want them to.
more than you can chew. Maybe you So leave them be. Let sleeping dogs
should aim your attention to one spe- lie and you might stir up a  bit more
cific area. For an in-depth weekly fore- excitement as you make headway in
cast, call my Sagittarius-line. a personal aim. Call my Pisces-line.
0906 392 4656 0905 392 4659
110 Unit 18

Exercise 9. Read and translate the weekly forecasts ‘Your Stars’. What is the main dif-
ference between these and ours?

Exercise 10. Read and translate these classifieds (use a dictionary where necessary).

COOK required for small friendly day nursery in Milford-on-Sea.

Hours 10.30am — 1.30pm all year round. — 01590 655234.


Mr S.G. Roake and Miss S.M. Smith

The engagement is announced between Simon, younger son of Mr Brian Roake, of Hayling
Island, Hampshire, and Mrs Olivia Roake, of New Cross, London, and Sally, younger daughter
of Mr and Mrs Roger J. Smith, of Markyate, Hertfordshire.
Online ref: 98135


CANTY-SHEPHERD Margaret, Terry & Family. A massive thank you for your hospitality on
Wednesday night. What a wonderful special time we had. Your generosity is never ending.
Thank you for your friendship and kindness.
Have a great Holiday Jo & Yve.
Online ref: 98004


Silver Wedding Anniversary

John & Diana
To my dear Diana, Happy Anniversary with all my love John.

Now answer these questions:

1. What job is offered in the ‘Situations vacant’ advert?
2. Whose engagement is announced?
3. What is message 3 about?
4. How long have the Walters been married?
111 Chapter 1 Unit

(3) Low prices
A: There are items whose advertising is prohibited by law: alcoholic drinks, drugs and
B: Moreover, there is now large scale counteradvertising of cigarettes.
A: Myself, I am a nonsmoker. But does it deter you from smoking?
B: To a degree. I now stick to one cigarette a day.
A: You don’t say! You used to be a chainsmoker.
B: You wouldn’t chain-smoke, would you, if on every packet of cigarettes you read warn-
ings like the ones on this page below.
A: I have seen some more:



B: And yet tobacco craving is very hard to overcome.

Smokers Smoking Smoking can

die can cause a  slow damage the sperm
younger and painful death and decreases fertility

Smoking Smoking clogs Smoking

causes the arteries is highly
fatal lung and causes heart addictive,
cancer attacks and strokes don’t start

Smoking Smoking may reduce Smoking seriously

the blood flow harms you and others
kills and causes impotence around you

Protect children: Stopping smoking
don’t make reduces the risk
them breathe your оf  fatal heart
harms and lung diseases
your baby smoke
112 Unit 19

Vocabulary notes
addictive — вошедший в привычку heart — сердце
to age — стареть h. attack — сердечный приступ
artery — артерия h. disease — заболевание сердца
blood flow — кровообращение highly — в высшей степени
cancer — рак large scale — широкомасштабный
to chain-smoke — курить одну сигарету lung — лёгкое
за другой moreover — более того
chain-smoker — заядлый курильщик to overcome — преодолевать
to clog — засорять, закупоривать painful — мучительный, болезненный
counteradvertising — контрреклама pharmacist — фармацевт, аптекарь
craving — тяга (к чему-л.) pregnant — беременная
to deter smb from smth — удерживать to prohibit — запрещать
кого-л. от чего-л. to stick to smth — зд.: придерживаться
drug — лекарство; наркотик, syn. nar- чего-л.
cotic; ср. выше: drugstore — аптека stroke — удар, инсульт
d. addict — наркоман to a degree — до некоторой степени
fatal — фатальный, смертельный You don’t say! — Да ну! Не может быть!
fertility — способность к деторождению

Exercise 1. In the dialogue and in the warnings (page 109), find the English equiva-
lents of these Russian phrases and sentences:
пачка сигарет; Да ну!; широкомасштабная контрреклама; до некоторой степени;
Что касается меня, то я некурящий; Курение быстро входит в привычку; при бе-
ременности; Курильщики умирают в более молодом возрасте; Обратитесь за по-
мощью, чтобы бросить курить; Курение может стать причиной медленной и му-
чительной смерти; Курение ведёт к старению кожи; Табак наносит серьёзный вред
вашему здоровью; Курение вызывает сужение просвета артерий.
Exercise 2. Supply synonyms of the following words and phrases:
sickness, to telephone, habitual smoker, narcotic, to get old, blood circulation.
Exercise 3. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1. Smoking seriously harms you and others ... you. 2. Advertising tobacco is prohibited ...
law. 3. I stick ... one cigarette a day. 4. “Does counteradvertising of cigarettes deter you ...
smoking?” — “It deters me ... a degree.” 5. A chain-smoker is one who smokes cigarettes
continually1, especially lighting each new one ... the previous one.
Exercise 4. Answer these questions:
1. Advertising of what items is prohibited by law?
2. What items are counteradvertised?
3. What can smoking cause?
continually — постоянно
Counteradvertising 113

4. Why are people warned not to start smoking?

5. Why is it dangerous to smoke when pregnant?
6. What are people advised to do if they can’t stop smoking themselves?
Exercise 5. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

THE SUN 19.7.2005, p. 25

Smokers are more likely to lose their teeth than those who quit, research at New-
castle University shows.

Now answer these questions:

1. Who are more likely to lose their teeth, smokers or those who stopped smoking?
2. What shows that?

DAILY MAIL 13.7.2005, p. 56

I just couldn’t be fagged to smoke

The last packet of cigarettes The intervals got longer and longer,
I bought 45 years ago. I was a smoker but I  was still buying cigarettes and
from a  very early age and knew the smoking.
agony of wanting a smoke. I had gone a week or more without
As the years went by, I increased my and, having had the last cigarette from
use of cigarettes, so that I was smoking a  packet of 20, on February 6, 1959,
40 to 50 a day and never gave a thought I  bought another  — and I keep it still
as to what it could do to me. intact with 20 cigarettes although the
I finally decided it was time to packet is rather worn. I  remember the
give up. date because I  wrote it on the front of
Each time I put my hand in my pock- the packet. I now keep it in a drawer. It
et, I would resist and think again. worked for me, how about you?
Fred Covell, London NW7.

Answer these questions:

1. When was the last packet of cigarettes bought?
2. How many cigarettes a day did Fred Covell smoke?
3. How did he give up1 smoking?
4. Why does he remember the date?
to give up — зд.: бросить курить
114 Unit 19

DAILY MIRROR 2.8.2005, P. 19

Ban on cigs in open air

SMOKERS will be banned from light- in Britain to outlaw it in parks, play areas
ing-up outdoors by their local council. and car parks. Council offices, leisure fa-
Derwentside District in Co Durham cilities and arts centres are also on the
is set to become the first local authority list.

This time the questions are:

1. What will smokers be banned1 from?
2. Which local authority is going to introduce2 that ban3?
3. Where are they going to ban smoking?
4. Is the ban common or unprecedented?

THE GLOBE AND MAIL, 25.2.2010, p. 2–3

Those who take up smoking have lower IQs

Cigarette smokers have lower IQs at 20,211 18-year-old men recruited into
than non-smokers, and the more a per- the Israeli military.
son smokes, the lower their IQ, accord- The findings suggest that lower IQ
ing to a study of over 20,000 Israeli mili- individuals are more likely to choose to
tary recruits. smoke, rather than that smoking makes
To better understand the smoking/ people less intelligent, Dr. Weiser and his
IQ relationship, the researchers looked team conclude.

to ban — запрещать
to introduce — вводить
ban n — запрет
Counteradvertising 115

Now answer the following questions:

1. How does smoking affect1 a smoker’s IQ?
2. What people did the researchers look at?
3. What do the findings suggest?

DAILY MIRROR 13.8.2010, p. 19


An iron-lunged gran has died at the After working her way through
age of 103 after smoking for 95 years. roughly 170,000 cigs, she was persuad-
Winnie Langley, who finally gave up ed to stop by failing eyesight as she
at Christmas, lit her first cigarette aged could not see the end of the match. Win-
seven just after the First World War be- nie, from Croydon, Surrey, insisted she
gan. was not ill from smoking because she
“never inhaled”.

Answer these questions:

1. At what age did the grannie die?
2. How long had she been a smoker?
3. When did she start?
4. When did she give up?
5. What made her give up?
6. How many cigs had she smoked in all?
7. How do you interpret the headline?

Exercise 6. Read, translate and memorise these jokes. Tell them to a comrade.
1. Betty looked at her husband scornfully and said:
“Didn’t your doctor tell you to give up smoking?”
“He did,” answered Dick who seemed to be ashamed of himself, “and...”
“And yet you insist on smoking like a chimney”, continued Betty, “you smoke at least 30
cigarettes a day!”
“Er... well,” answered Dick who seemed to be under his wife’s thumb, “I suppose I’d better
cut it down for a time. I don’t think I could actually do without a cigarette all day long.”
“And where is your strong will power?” asked Betty, “You should break the habit at once!”
Dick had always been as meek as a mouse but this time he felt he could not give way:
“You can think what you like, darling, but I just can’t do it.”
“What?! can’t do it?!!” exclaimed Betty. “Look at your friend Bill! He’s given up smoking
successfully, over twenty times!..”

to affect smth — действовать на что-л.
116 Unit 19


DAILY MAIL 11.6.2008, p. 74

IF THE Government gives £12 a week to smokers as an incentive to kick the habit,
can I claim £14,976 as I stopped smoking 24 years ago?
Mrs K. LEIGH REID, Birstall, Leics.

Vocabulary notes
to be ashamed — стыдиться to give way — уступать
at once — сразу, немедленно incentive — стимул
to break a habit, syn. to kick a habit — от- tо insist — настаивать
казываться от привычки meek — робкий
to claim — требовать, претендовать на mouse — мышь
что-л. scornfully — презрительно
to cut down — сокращать to smoke like a chimney — дымить как
to do without smth  — обходиться без паровоз
чего-л. to be under smb’s thumb [m] — быть
to exclaim — восклицать у кого-л. под каблуком
for a  time  — на некоторое время, will power — сила воли

Exercise 7. How many of these things about tobacco and history of cigarettes did
you know?

DAILY EXPRESS 31.5.2007, p. 48

Five things you never knew about… tobacco


1. The first tobacco in England was brought by Sir John Hawkins from Virginia
in 1584 or 1585.
2. Sir Walter Raleigh popularised smoking with his gift of tobacco to Queen Elizabeth
in 1586.
3. King James I, in 1604, described smoking as “loathesome to the eye, hateful
to the nose, harmful to the brain, dangerous to the lungs”.
4. In the 18th century, most tobacco was consumed as snuff. Napoleon used about
seven pounds a month.
5. Sir Walter Raleigh was buried with his favourite pipe and a tin of tobacco.
Counteradvertising 117

DAILY EXPRESS 2.7.2011, p. 53.

A history of cigarettes

THE first man to bring tobacco to much easier to consume and very cheap
northern Europe in the mid-1500s was a to buy. Smoking suddenly became a near-
French diplomat called Jean Nicot who universal habit among men and, in the
brought snuff to Paris from the Portu- early 1900s, a significant number of Euro-
guese court where it had become popu- pean and American women also adopted
lar after being brought back from the smoking as a badge of liberation.
Americas by Portuguese explorers. It wasn’t until September 1950 that
Not everyone was convinced of the the first academic article linking smok-
“healthful” benefits of the new sub- ing to lung cancer and heart disease was
stance. A  pope, a Chinese emperor, a published in the British Medical Journal.
Muslim sultan of the Ottoman Empire Governments remain reluctant to
and our own King James were among the interfere, sticking to high taxes as a de-
first anti-smokers, attempting in some terrent rather than bans, until the Re-
way to discourage it during the 1600s. public of Ireland introduced the world’s
The invention of machine-made ciga- first nationwide ban on smoking in the
rettes in the late 1800s made tobacco workplace in 2004.

Exercise 8. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY ECHO 13.8.2007, p. 18

Smoking outburst

• If any of the people opposing the • Smokers should just stay inside their
smoking ban had watched their (thir- stinking little homes and let the ma-
ty a  day) father die without enjoying jority of us enjoy smoke-free enviro-
any retirement, enduring a six month ments.
lingering, painful death from lung If you can’t cope for a  few hours
cancer, and seen and heard his last without a  fag stay at home so the
desparate and agonising gasps, then rest of us don’t have to put up with
they might re-think their objections. you.
JOHNY, Oxford BIG BROWN, Bournemouth
118 Unit 19

Now answer these questions:

1. In what case might people opposing the smoking ban re-think their objections?
2. What is Big Brown’s advice to smokers?

THE TIMES 18.8.2006, p. 9

Heart attack danger in passive smoking

By Nigel Hawkes
Health Editor
PEOPLE exposed to cigarette smoke for Heart attack risk was directly linked
as little as an hour a day increase their to the number of cigarettes a  person
risk of a heart attack by almost a quar- smoked, the study suggested. The risk
ter, a study indicates. rose 1.63 times for people smoking one
Those exposed to three hours of to nine cigarettes a  day, increasing to
passive smoke daily were found to in- 9.16 times for those who smoked 40 or
crease their risk by more than 60 per more. Similar trends were seen for men
cent. and women. The impact of smoking
The findings of the Interheart study, was much greater in younger than in
which looked at the experience of older individuals.
27,000 people in 52 countries, will rein- During the 20th century about 100
force efforts to reduce smoking in pub- million people around the world died
lic places. It looked at all tobacco expo- from tobacco-related diseases, the re-
sure, active and passive, and found that searchers said. The number is expected
all increase the risk of cardiac arrest. to increase to one billion during this
Heart attacks were three times as century.
common in smokers than in people Amanda Sandford, research man-
who had never smoked. ager of ASH (Action on Smoking and
Professor Salim Yusuf, from McMas- Health) said: “This important study
ter University in Ontario, Canada, led shows that even small amounts of
the study, which was published in The tobacco use can have a  devastating
Lancet. He said: “Since the risks of heart health impact. ”
attack associated with smoking dissi- Ruairi O’Connor, from the British
pate substantially after smoking ces- Heart Foundation, said: “The good
sation, public health efforts to prevent news is that much of the added risk of
people from starting the habit and to a heart attack recedes after quitting —
promote quitting in current smokers a great reason to kick the habit.”
will have a large impact in the preven-
tion of heart attacks worldwide.”
Counteradvertising 119

Now answer the following questions:

1. What are the findings of the Interheart study?
2. Who led the study and what did he say?
3. How many people died in the 20th century from tobacco-related diseases?
4. How do you decipher1 the abbreviation ASH?
5. What does quitting result in?
6. What is the synonym for second-hand smoking?

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 7.7.2011, p. 6

Baby warning to smokers

Professor Nick Macklon of Southamp- through pregnancy, in the belief

ton University warned a  conference that a  smaller baby means an easier
of the European Society of Human birth, risk complicated deliveries, as
Reproduction and Embryology in well as the health of the child in later
Stockholm that women who smoked life.

Answer these questions:

1. Why do some women keep smoking through pregnanсy?
2. What risks do they run?

to decipher [dsaf] — расшифровывать
120 Chapter 10 Unit

Superclean dry cleaners

A: Good morning.
B: Good morning.
A: Do you do repairs?
B: Yes, we repair or alter virtually any garment. We do it so you don’t have to.
A: Do you clean carpets?
B: We do. We clean household items such as carpets, rugs and duvets. We have shirt
cleaning and ironing service.
A: Do you have any special offers for dry cleaning?
B: Usually we have one in the window. This week it’s two suits dry cleaned for £10.50.
Next week there will be another offer in the window. We are going to offer you a chance
to have two suits or children’s blazers cleaned for the price of one — just in time for back
to school. That offer will be available until September 4. So pop in, get your suit cleaned
and we will clean a school blazer for free; or take two suits or children’s blazers and only
pay for one of them. We also provide specialist cleaning service for suede, leather and
sheepskin, plus wedding gowns and evening wear.
A: Thank you. I’ll bear that in mind. My granddaughter’s wedding is due in eight weeks.
Meanwhile here is a pair of trousers for cleaning. Do you press?
B: Yes, we automatically press when we dry clean. Are you a senior citizen?
A: Yes. Why?
B: Because if you are, you are entitled to 10 per cent discount. When would you like them
to be ready?
A: In two days.
B: What is your telephone number?
A: 271279.
B: Here is your ticket. Good-bye.
A: Good-bye.
(Two days later)
B: Hallo. I’ve come to collect my trousers. Here is my ticket.
A: Hallo. Just a  minute. Here are your trousers dry cleaned and pressed. It will be 3
pounds sixty please.
B: Here is a fiver.
A: Here is your change. Thank you.
B: Thank you. Good-bye.
A: Good-bye.
Superclean dry cleaners 121

Vocabulary notes
automatically — зд.: это входит в дан- Here is... — Вот...
ную услугу household item — предмет домашнего
blazer — куртка (иногда как часть обихода, ср. выше: household goods —
школьной формы) хозяйственные товары
carpet — ковер to iron — гладить (рубаху, бельё, в том
cleaner — работник химчистки числе постельное, скатерть)
to collect — зд.: забирать to pop in infml, syn. to drop in/by — за-
to dry clean — производить химчистку скочить, заглянуть, зайти, забежать
dry cleaning — химчистка (процесс) to press — гладить (костюм, брюки,
(dry) cleaner(‘s) — химчистка
rug — ковёр
due — ожидаемый
sheepskin < sheep (овца) + skin (кожа,
is d. — зд.: должна состояться
duvet [du()ve] — пуховое одеяло, кожный покров) — овчина
перина suede [swed] — замша
evening wear — вечерние туалеты, ср. ticket — зд.: квитанция
выше: underwear — нижнее бельё virtually — фактически, практически
for free — бесплатно, ср. выше: free — wedding gown, syn. wedding dress —
бесплатный свадебное платье
garment — одежда; платье Why? — зд.: А что?

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
Минуточку!; Вот моя квитанция; Я буду это иметь в виду; А что?; Вы делаете ре-
монт?; на этой неделе; на следующей неделе; Заходите!; через два дня; Мы ремон-
тируем или переделываем практически любую одежду; Сдайте ваш костюм в хим-
чистку; Я пришел за своими брюками; как раз к началу учебного года; Вот ваши
брюки, починенные и отутюженные; Вам положена десятипроцентная скидка.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions, adverbs and a particle.
1) We will clean a school blazer ... free. 2) Do you have any special offers ... dry cleaning?
3) Pop ... ! 4) It’s two suits ... £10.50. 5) just ... time ... back ... school. 6) I would like them
to be ready ... two days. 7) Usually we have one ... the window. 8) I’ll bear that ... mind.
9)  You are entitled ... 10 per cent discount. 10) to have two suits or children’s blazers
cleaned ... the price of one. 11) We do it so you don’t have… .
Exercise 3. Translate these sentences. Use “Here is” or “Here are”.
ваши брюки
ваша квитанция
моя квитанция
ваша сдача
122 Unit 20

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. What items do dry cleaners clean?
2. Do they do repairs?
3. What special offers are placed in the window?
4. Why did they offer in August to clean children’s blazers?
5. What do dry cleaners advertise to attract more customers?
6. What specialist cleaning service is provided?
7. Do dry cleaners press?
8. What are senior citizens entitled to?
9. Which clothes are ironed and which are pressed?
123 Chapter 1 Unit

At a launderette
A: How much for the use of machines?
B: £ 2.60. Since they are coin operated, please have the required coins.
A: And how long do the machines take to wash?
B: About 40 minutes.
A: Do you sell washing powder?
B: Yes. It’s 30p for a cup.
A: How long do you get for 20p in the drier?
B: Three minutes.
A: What if I can’t afford the time? How much do you charge for doing the washing and
drying for me?
B: Service wash is an extra £1.40, so that will be £4.0 in all.
A: When will the service wash be ready?
B: Come back in 2 hours.
A: And how long are you here for?
B: I’m in attendance till lunch-time.
A: The point is I’m a very busy person. Do you do pick-up and delivery service?
B: Yes. Call in and see me or ring the day before and we’ll collect the laundry the follow-
ing day.
A: What’s your telephone number?
B: Shop — 270021, home — 276243. A small fee is all we charge.
A: Do you have a lady who does alterations on clothes?
B: Yes, we have a sewing service. Here is a price list for doing zips and hems in trousers,
skirts, jeans, dresses, coats and anoraks.

Vocabulary notes
to afford — позволять себе (обычно dryer, drier — сушилка
расход времени, денег и подобное) drying — сушка
alteration — подгонка, ср. выше: to extra — дополнительный, лишний, ср.
alter — подгонять выше: extra — дополнительный
anorak — анорак (короткая куртка счет
с капюшоном) hem — кайма, подшиваемый край,
to call in — заходить, ср. выше: sуп. to обшлаг
drop in/by, to pop in How long do the machines take to
coin — монета wash? — Сколько времени уходит
required coins — нужные монеты у машин на стирку?
с. operated — работающий после How much is... ? — Сколько стоит...?
опускания монет in all — в общей сложности
124 Unit 21

Vocabulary notes
to be in attendance — присутствовать; pick-up s. — приём белья на дому
обслуживать sewing [s] s. — швейные услуги
jeans — джинсы telephone number
launderette, laundrette — прачечная- shop t. n. — номер служебного
автомат, AE laundromat телефона
the (dirty) laundry — (грязное) бельё home t. n. — номер домашнего
notice — надпись, объявление телефона
The point is..., syn. infml: The thing wash(ing) — стирка
is... — Дело в том... service wash — стирка как отдельная
price list < price (цена) + list (спи- услуга
сок) — прейскурант washing machine, AE washer — сти-
to require — требовать(ся) ральная машина
service — сервис, обслуживание, washing powder — стиральный по-
услуга, услуги рошок
delivery s. — доставка на дом zip, AE zipper — застёжка-молния

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
дополнительно 1 фунт 40 пенсов; в общей сложности 4 фунта; Сколько стоит поль-
зование стиральной машиной?; Стиральные машины работают после опускания
монет; Дело в том, что я очень занятой человек; Заходите и скажите мне; Позво-
ните накануне; А  что, если у  меня нет времени?; швейные услуги; Пожалуйста,
имейте с собой нужные монеты; Я работаю до 13 часов; Какой у вас номер телефо-
на?; У вас есть приём белья на дому и доставка на дом?; Мы заберем бельё на сле-
дующий день; Сколько времени у машин уходит на стирку?; Возвращайтесь через
2 часа; Сколько времени вы здесь находитесь?; Мы берём небольшую плату; У вас
есть женщина, которая переделывает одежду?; Сколько вы возьмёте за то, чтобы
постирать и высушить моё бельё?

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) Do you have a lady who does alterations ... clothes? 2) It’s 30p ... cup. 3) How long are
you here ... ? 4) How much ... the use of machines? 5) Call ... and see me. 6) Come back
. . . 2 hours. 7) How long do you get ... 20p ... the drier? 8) I’m ... attendance ... lunch-
time. 9) Here is a price list ... doing zips and hems ... trousers. 10) That will be £4.0 ... all.
11) How much do you charge ... doing the washing and drying ... me?

Exercise 3. Supply synonyms of these words and phrases:

The thing is..., zipper, laundromat, washer, garment, to drop in.
At a launderette 125

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. How much does the launderette charge for the use of washing machines?
2. How are the washing machines operated?
3. How long do the washing machines take to wash?
4. How long does a customer get for 20p in the drier?
5. What if a customer is a very busy person?
6. What is service wash?
7. How much does the launderette charge for service wash?
8. How long is the attendant in the launderette for?
9. What if a customer can’t afford the time to take the laundry to the launderette and
bring it back?
10. Does a launderette do alterations on clothes, zips and hems in trousers?
11. Where else do they alter clothes?

Exercise 5. Translate this short dialogue:

– Where is that new T-shirt of yours?
– In the wash.

Exercise 6. Here are some notices you can see on the walls and door of a launderette
in the county of Dorset. Use them to describe its work and safety precautions taken.

Free pick-up &

Highcliffe Service Washes delivery service
Laundrette Duvets Cleaned 01425 270021
Coin Operated You leave it — We do it! 8 til 7
Open 7 Days a week

Parking Unless using the wash-

This Forecourt is ers or dryers no person
is all we ask
for Customers under the age of 18 are
Thank you
who wish to use allowed within this
Laundrette property

Please note All machines have been

24 hour CCTV fitted with alarms
Any offenders will be
monitoring which are linked up
prosecuted for trespass
in operation to the door lock.
Smile for the camera You have been warned
126 Unit 21

Vocabulary notes
alarm — тревожное сигнальное устрой- monitoring — наблюдение, слежение
ство offender — нарушитель
CCTV — Closed Circuit Television — parking — парковка
(скрытая) камера видеонаблюдения to prosecute — привлекать к уголовной
consideration — зд.: внимательное от- ответственности
ношение safety precautions — меры безопасно-
to fit with smth — оснащать чем-л. сти
forecourt — передний двор Smile for the camera — Улыбайтесь, вас
Highcliffe — Хайклифф (название снимают
деревни) til = till
in operation — в действии, действует trespass — вход без разрешения, неза-
to link up to smth — подсоединять конное проникновение
к чему-л. Trish — женское имя (от Patricia)

Exercise 7. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY ECHO 13.8.2010, p. 14

Our life of grime...

The research found nearly one in 10 Almost a  quarter of men admit to

adults admit to only cleaning their wearing their underwear more than
bed linen every couple of months, or once without washing, the poll by
when they have “a good reason”. Boost Your Wash, a  washing enhan-
cer product, revealed.

Аnswer these questions:

1. How often do ten per cent of adults clean their bed linen?
2. How long do twenty-five percent of men wear their underwear without washing?
At a launderette 127

DAILY ECHO 10.7.2009, p. 2

Clean kitten

A KITTEN survived after being switched on. It was only after the ma-
trapped in a  washing machine for chine had completed its 30-degree
a full cycle. cycle that Toby’s owner discovered
Toby is thought to have crawled into the seven-week-old black kitten. The
the washing machine before it was pet has now recovered.

Now answer the following questions:

1. What is the kitten’s name?
2. What colour is it?
3. How old is it?
4. What happened to it?
5. When was it discovered?
6. How is it now?
128 Chapter 10 Unit


(Paul — proprietor, Gregory — his lodger)
G.: Paul, why have you got so many dustbins in your courtyard?
P.: I  was about to tell you about those. They are meant for different kinds of rubbish.
Вefore you carry out your rubbish, please sort it out. Then put glass bottles and jars in this
bin, plastic in that one, newspapers, paper and cardboard here, and the rest over there.
G.: But why?
P.: This is for recycling. Thursday is our refuse collection day. A dust-cart comes, dust-
men empty all waste from people’s dustbins into different containers and take it away.
G.: Where?
P.: To be recycled. We no longer take rubbish to dump sites.
G.: And what about litter in the streets?
P.: There are litter bins for that. Litter is also sorted out.
G.: How?
P.: There are special banks for that.
G.: Such as what?
P.: Paper banks, bottle banks, plastic bottles banks, metal banks, clothing banks and even
shoe banks. Moreover, bottle banks are divided into three compartments: for brown,
clear and green glass.
G.: What about those who ignore all rules and drop litter in the street?
P.: Throwing trash around is flytipping which is a punishable offence.
G.: In the US, 95% of all waste goes to the dump. Why is so much importance attached
to recycling in the UK?
P.: Recycling is important economically and ecologically. The prospectus I gave you yes-
terday was printed on recycled paper. One metric tonne of recycled paper saves seven
trees, 4,300 kWh of electricity, two barrels of oil and 1,360 litres of water. Decayed leaves
and plants are utilized to make compost for agricultural use. Organic waste is turned into
bio gas which reduces the need for traditional fuel and thereby reduces CO2 emissions.
So recycling makes green sense, it makes financial sense and it makes good sense.

Vocabulary notes
to attach importance to smth — прида- cardboard — картон
вать значение чему-л. to carry out — выносить
bank — зд.: контейнер clear — зд.: прозрачный, бесцветный
barrel — баррель clothing — одежда
bin — ящик, урна collection — зд.: сбор
litter b. — мусорная урна to collect rubbish — собирать мусор
Recycling 129

Vocabulary notes
compartment — отсек, отделение; купе oil — зд.: нефть
decayed — сгнивший to print — печатать
dump (site) — свалка proprietor — (домо)владелец
dust — пыль, мусор prospectus — проспект
dustbin, syn. rubbish bin — мусорный punishable offence — наказуемое право-
ящик1 нарушение
dust-cart — грузовик для вывоза to recycle — перерабатывать вторичное
мусора сырье
dustman, syn. binman — мусорщик rubbish, syn. refuse, trash ,waste; AE
to empty — вываливать, высыпать garbage — мусор
flytipping — засорение мусором улиц to sort smth out — сортировать что-л.
litter — мусор вне зданий thereby — тем самым
lodger — жилец waste — отходы
to make good sense — быть стóящим domestic w. — бытовые отходы
делом, иметь смысл food w. — пищевые отходы
to mean smth for smth — предназначать to get rid of the w. — избавляться от
что-л. для чего-л. мусора

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
более того; Я  собирался сказать вам о  них; напечатан на бумаге из вторсырья;
пересыпают все бытовые отходы из мусорных ящиков населения в  разные
контейнеры; день сбора мусора; только для пластмассовых бутылок; важно
экономически и  экологически; Они предназначены для разных видов мусора;
Какие, например?; Почему такое большое значение придаётся переработке
вторсырья?; Переработка вторсырья  — стóящее дело; То, что для одного мусор,
для другого сокровище; снижает потребность в обычном горючем.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) Why is so much importance attached ... recycling? 2) Put the rest ... there. 3) They are
meant ... different kinds ... rubbish. 4) Bottle banks are divided ... three compartments.
5) I was ... to tell you ... those. 6) Dustmen empty all waste ... people’s dustbins ... different
containers and take it ... . 7) Before you carry ... your rubbish, please sort it ... .
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. Why are there so many dustbins in English courtyards?
2. What is a refuse collection day?
3. How is litter sorted out?
4. What kind of banks are there?
5. Why is so much importance attached to recycling?
6. How do you interpret the phrase ‘turning trash to cash’?
to consign smth to the dustbin/rubbish bin of history — отправить что-л. на свалку истории
130 Unit 22

Exercise 4. This is what banks may look like and the kind of information that can be
found on them. Read and translate it (use a dictionary where necessary).

This paper bank will take

 junk mail catalogues/directories
 flattened cardboard
beverage cartons
Recycle your paper based liquid
food and drink cartons here

Glass bottles & jars only

Plastic bottles only.

Please remove and dispose of tops
Alufoil and squash bottles thin
CLEAN FOIL ONLY to fit more in
Thank you for recycling
Give foil for recycling
To help raise funds for your local
community project SHOE BANK
Please give CLEAN ready meal and If bank is full please do not leave
takeaway containers, pie cases, bags outside
household wrapping foil, foil dairy
product bidding and chocolate foil
Do not leave waste by banks.
Please do not give metallised plastic film
such as crisp packets (springs back when This is classified
scrunched in the hand) as flytipping & is illegal

Now answer these questions:

1. What is flytipping?
2. What is a type of telephone directory called that contains the telephone numbers and
addresses of businesses, shops and other organizations in a city or area, arranged ac-
cording to the type of service they provide?
3. What are people supposed to do with metal tops of plastic bottles?
4. What are the dos and don’ts of using clothing banks?
5. What Americanism is used for ‘tinfoil’?
Recycling 131

Exercise 5. Read and translate thе excerpt from the newspaper article (use a diction-
ary where necessary) and find there the answers to these questions:
1. How much rubbish was collected across England in the 12 months up to March 2004?
2. Did the amount recycled by the average household over the same period rise or drop?
3. Who is responsible for disposal1 of rubbish?
4. What happens to the rubbish that is not recycled?
5. Why is that undesirable2?
6. Why are incinerators3 undesirable?

DAILY MIRROR 2.8.2005, p. 14

Mountain of waste is reduced
for first time as families recycle more
RECYCLING is beginning to bring There has been growing concern
down the waste mountain, it was re- at the huge amount of rubbish being
vealed yesterday. poured into landfill sites.
The total amount of waste collected The Council for the Protection of Ru-
by council binmen has fallen for the ral England has warned that the coun-
first time. tryside is being destroyed by waste
Across England councils collected dumping because of the traffic, noise
29.1 million tonnes of rubbish in the and dust it creates.
12 months up to March 2004. Landfills are taking up increasing
The figure is one per cent down on amounts of space — the CPRE reckons
the previous 12 months. that in some areas you are never more
And over the same period the than 10 minutes away from the nearest
amount recycled by the average house- dump.
hold went up from 14 per cent of the Depositing waste in landfill sites is
total waste thrown out to 17 per cent. cheaper than the alternatives.
Some 79 per cent of households now The Government had looked at using
have kerbside collections of recyclable incinerators to burn waste.
rubbish  — and the amount collected But these have proved controversial
increased by 52 per cent. because they cause pollution and con-
The figures showed the proportion tribute to global warming.
of waste councils pour into landfill sites Recycling is seen as the most effec-
has continued to fall  — from 75 per tive option for cutting waste and re-
cent to 72 per cent. ducing the amount going to landfill.
Councils are also recycling more. Decomposable rubbish which is
It went up from 7.3 million tonnes to 8.1 turned into compost is the most com-
million, just under a quarter of the total. mon form of recycled material followed
by paper and card.

disposal — избавление от чего-л.; ср. выше: to dispose of smth
undesirable — нежелательный
incinerator [nsnret] — мусоросжигатель
132 Unit 22

Exercise 6. Read and translate the excerpt from the letter from a Daily Mail reader (use
a dictionary where necessary). Do you agree or disagree with him and why?

DAILY MAIL 22.8.2005, p. 44

THE Government is constantly nagging us to recycle more. So why isn’t more

household plastic made to a  standard that would make recycling easier? For in-
stance, how many people know that a plastic milk bottle can be recycled but not
the bottle top?
Wouldn’t it be easier if the top were made of the same consistency as the bottle
so that all of the milk bottle was recyclable?
What about aluminium foil containers? If it was once worth collecting foil milk bot-
tle tops, why do large foil containers have to be thrown out today in most counties?
And why, when our grandparents and parents returned glass milk bottles and
soft drink bottles for washing and reuse, is it regarded as progress to smash them
into bins and melt them down?
R. MASON, Poole, Dorset.

Exercise 7. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY EXPRESS 13.8.2011, p. 26

Scandal of £5bn food waste bill

WASTEFUL British shoppers are This is a staggering amount of money,
throwing away £5 billion of uneaten particularly in hard times.
food a year. “The cash could be spent on other
The average household bins 10 per things such as a  holiday or the latest
cent of the weekly shop. gadgets, rather than going in the bin.”
A spokeswoman said: “It’s shocking A shameless 15 per cent tempted by
Britons waste so much money buying two-for-one offers do not plan meals or
food that never gets anywhere near care what they waste while a  frugal 23
a plate, the dinner table or our mouths. per cent ensure they throw nothing away.

Now answer these questions:

1. How much uneaten food is thrown away by British shoppers a year?
2. What percentage of the weekly shop is binned by the average household?
3. How could that cash be spent?
4. Why do some people buy surplus food?
5. What percentage of British shoppers throw nothing away?
Recycling 133

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 26.7.2011, p. 19

Keep fit by picking up neighbourhood litter

Most mornings, I  spend an hour or so I place in litter bins. The physical activ-
picking up litter from the streets in my ity keeps me fit and it helps to free the
neighbourhood. I  sometimes see oth- council to attend to more demanding
ers doing the same. I  take home for jobs.
recycling what I  can; the remainder Richard Offord

Answer the question:

What way of keeping fit is recommended and how do you like it?
Exercise 8. Read and translate the excerpts from two articles below from different
newspapers describing the same accident1 (use a dictionary where necessary). What
details does the article from the Daily Mirror contain not covered2 in The Sun’s?

DAILY MIRROR 18.8.2005, p. 32

Nearly killed by kip in skip

A HOMELESS couple who clambered into Steven, 29, jumped to safety, shout-
a recycling skip for a night’s sleep narrow- ing “My girlfriend’s in there.”
ly escaped being crushed to death. The crusher was stopped in the nick
Next morning a  refuse truck turned of time. Firemen then used ladders
up to collect the container  — packed to rescue 28-year-old Tracy, who was
with several hundredweight of card- trapped 15ft up inside the crusher.
board, plus the slumbering Steven Gal- The pair usually bed down at the
loway and Tracy Baker. back of Sainsbury’s in Bolton, Gtr Man-
They and the contents were tipped chester, but climbed into the skip for
into a  giant crusher. The driver was extra warmth. Sainsbury’s has fitted
about to press the start button when a new padlock on the container lid.
he heard screams from inside.

accident — несчастный случай
to cover — зд.: освещать
134 Unit 22

THE SUN 18.8.2005, p. 26

Bin girl’s escape

Tracy Baker, 28, bedded down in the store in Bolton, Greater Manches-
metal container  — used for old card- ter.
board with boyfriend Steve Galloway, 29. Tracy and Steve were tipped in with
The next morning the cart arrived the cardboard. Steve managed to
to empty bins outside a Sainsbury jump out — and prevented a tragedy.

Exercise 9. Read and translate a fragment of the poem (use a dictionary where neces-

DAILY MAIL 9.8.2004, p. 64

Daily Poem

We walk the streets and scatter We do our best on Fridays

Our rubbish far and wide, To show we’ve been around.
We’re not a bit ashamed of it; Sweet wrappers and our fag ends;
We do it with great pride. They decorate the town;
Our cans and bottles hit the ground; While packets from all products
The glass ones make a noise; We happily throw down.
We don’t care if the fragments We do not use our pockets
Cut pets, or girls or boys. To take our trash away.
We’re generous with our litter; ‘Why should we take the bother?’
We never use the bin, That’s what we litterers say.
Except to push it over Though other people grumble
And scatter what’s put in. About the state we leave;
We hate to see streets tidy, They moan and groan and carry on —
With no muck on the ground; You never would believe!

Bryan Spinney, Southampton.

Recycling 135

Answer these questions:

1. What are flytippers called here?
2. What can glass fragments cause?
3. What do litter louts do with bins?
4. What do they leave the rubbish for?
Exercise 10. Here is a funny verse about recycling. Read, translate and memorise it.
It may come in handy.

DAILY MAIL 3.7.2008, p. 66

We must recycle more say MPs,

And now the LGA agrees.
Is it next their intention
To save money on pensions
By recycling all us OAPs?

Vocabulary notes
to come in handy / useful — пригодиться
LGA — Local Government Association
MP — Member of Parliament

Exercise 11. How do yyou interpret the dustman’s words?

‘It will be two weeks before I can see you again, but I do see some people privately.´
136 Chapter 10 Unit



Sunrise: 05.32
Sunset: 20.40
High water:
London (03.37)
Liverpool (01.09)
Aberdeen (03.24)
Warmest: B’mouth (22C)
Coldest: E’dalemuir (8C)
Sunniest: Holyhead (8.9 hrc)
Wettest: St. Athan 0.75 ins

NORTH-EAST and EASTERN ENGLAND and SCOTLAND will have variable cloud
and a few light showers, drier and brighter later, especially inland. Other areas will
start cloudy, but it will brighten up with hazy sunshine at times. SOUTH-WESTERN
coasts will stay cloudy with mist and drizzle in places.
Weather 137

Vocabulary notes
at times — временами outlook — перспектива, прогноз, syn.
cloud — облако; облачность forecast
variable с. — переменная shower — кратковременный дождь,
облачность ср. выше: s. — душ
cloudy — облачно, ant. bright — sun
ясно sunny — солнечно, солнечный
coast — побережье, ant. inland — sunrise, syn. infml sun-up — восход
внутренние районы солнца
drizzle — моросящий дождь sunset, syn. sundown — заход солнца
haze — дымка sunshine — солнечный свет
hazy — с дымкой, в дымке water — зд.: уровень воды в реке
in places — местами, syn. patchy high w. — самый высокий уровень
(p. rain ~ rain in places) воды в реке из-за морского
it will brighten up — ожидается про- прилива (high tide)
яснение low w. — самый низкий уровень
mist — туман, ср.: fog — густой воды в реке из-за морского отлива
туман (low tide)

Exercise 1. In the forecast, find the English equivalents of these Russian phrases and
особенно во внутренних районах; облачность сохранится; в Шотландии облач-
ность переменная; в дальнейшем погода более сухая; временами солнечно, дымка;
в других районах утро будет облачным; временами небольшой дождь; облачность
уменьшится; ожидается прояснение; местами с туманом и моросящим дождем.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs:

1) ... places; 2) ... times; 3) It will brighten ... ; 4) ... hazy sunshine; 5) ... mist and drizzle.

Exercise 3. What antonyms of these words and phrases do you know?

sunrise, sun-up, dry, high water, high tide, warm, sunny, coast, bright.

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. Which areas will have variable cloud?
2. Where will it be drier and brighter, on the coast or inland?
3. Which areas will stay cloudy?
4. What temperature is forecast for Bournemouth?
5. How many hours of sunshine will Holyhead have?
6. What temperature is expected in Eskdalemuir?
7. When will the water level of the Thames be highest?
8. What do you think is the difference between a weather forecast and a weather update?
138 Chapter 10 Unit

А: ’Morning.
B: ’Morning. How are you?
А: Not too bad, thank you. And how’s your health and temper this morning?
B: Can’t grumble, thanks.
А: Did you go in?
B: Not yet.
А: Do, by all means. The water is absolutely gorgeous. How long have you left here?
B: Just one more week.
А: Well, try to make the most of it.
B: Thanks. Weather permitting, I will.
А: Weather, weather. When two Englishmen meet, their first talk is of the weather, so
Samuel Johnson1 famously declared in the 18th century. Everybody talks about the
weather but nobody does anything about it.
B: Who said that?
А: Mark Twain.
B: Nowadays changing the weather has become a reality. I mean precipitating rain by
means of cloud seeding.
А: Oh yes. It’s high time someone has done something about the English weather. It’s too
B: And whenever it rains, we always try to console ourselves saying, “But it’s good for
the garden.”
А: Luckily, it’s now brightening up.

Vocabulary notes
by all means — обязательно to grumble — ворчать, жаловаться;
cloud seeding — борьба Can’t/Mustn’t g. — не жалуюсь
с облачностью, предотвращение it’s high time — давно пора
дождя в каком-либо районе luckily — к счастью
to console — утешать to make the most of smth —
to do smth about smth — принимать максимально использовать что-л.
меры в отношении чего-л. to precipitate — ускорять, приближать
to go in — зд.: искупаться temper — настроение
gorgeous — великолепный weather permitting — если позволит
Johnson, Samuel (1709–1784), known as Dr. Johnson, a British critic and dictionary writer,
famous for his Dictionary of the English Language (1755).
Weather 139

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
когда бы ни шёл дождь; Вода просто великолепная; если позволит погода; но ни-
кто ничего с ней не делает; Погода разгуливается; «Вы купались?» — «Ещё нет». —
«Обязательно искупайтесь»; «Как вы себя чувствуете?»  — «Спасибо, неплохо»;
«Как ваше здоровье сегодня? Как настроение?» — «Спасибо, не жалуюсь»; «Сколь-
ко вам здесь ещё осталось?»  — «Только ещё одна неделя».  — «Постарайтесь ис-
пользовать её максимально».

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) It’s brightening ... . 2) Go … … all means. 3) It’s good ... the garden. 4) Nobody does
anything ... it. 5) Try to make the most ... it.

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. Did the tourist go in that morning?
2. How was the water?
3. How long did he have left there?
4. Was he going to make the most of the time left?
5. How do the English try to console themselves whenever it rains?

Exercise 4. Use this table to make 8 dialogues.


Fine, thanks.

How are you? Not too bad.

How is your health
and temper this morning?

Exercise 5. Practise these dialogues with a comrade.

1. A: Will you come here next summer?
B: God willing1, weather permitting, I will.
2. A: How is the water?
B: Absolutely gorgeous. Let’s go in.
3. A: Will it keep raining much longer?
B: No, look, it’s already brightening up.

God willing — если будет на то воля Господня
140 Unit 24

Exercise 6. The authors of these two newspaper articles complain about the British
weather but differ1 about what should be done about it. Read and translate both arti-
cles (use a dictionary where necessary) and say which author you agree with and why.

DAILY MIRROR 29.7.2005, p. 10

That’s torn it

AFTER the heatwave came the thun- Britons have always moaned about
derstorms. And now Birmingham is it but suddenly there is a real reason to
struck by a tornado. grumble.
What on earth is happening to our The forecasts don’t prepare us for
weather? the extremes striking the country.

THE PEOPLE 31.7.2005, p. 8

Pack your bags

THERE is an old saying that the Brit- August at home is set to be gloomy
ish always moan about the weather and dreary but the holiday hotspots in
but never do anything about it. Now France, Spain, Italy and Greece will abso-
we can. lutely sizzle.

Exercise 7. Here are some possible answers to the question ‘What’s the forecast?’ or
‘Let’s get a check on the weather’. Choose the right one for tomorrow.
1) It will be sunny well into the evening.2 2) Bright and breezy. 3) Wet and windy. 4) Clear
day, sea calm. 5) Beautiful weather. 6) A decent day. 7) Grapefruit-size hail3. 8) Hailstones
as big as eggs. 9) Hot by day, chilly by night, with thunderstorm to boot4. 10) A break in
the weather.5 11) It’s another glorious6 day tomorrow. 12) Rainy with patches7 of blue sky.

differ about smth — расходиться во взглядах по какому-л. вопросу
well into the evening — до позднего вечера
hail — град
to boot — к тому же, syn. at that
a break in the weather — перемена погоды
glorious — славный, великолепный
patch — просвет
Weather 141

13) Cloudy with clear spells1. 14) Cloudy with sunny spells2. 15) Weather normal for this
time of year. 16) Sunny with cloud. 17) Just a touch3 cooler. 18) A few showers cropping
up4. 19) A few rain drops are going to fall. 20) On and off showers. 21) The odd5 shower.
22) Scattered6 showers (tend to ease away). 23) Pretty hefty7 showers. 24) Strong sun-
shine. 25) Nasty8 weather. 26) A mixture of sunshine and showers. 27) A little overcast9.
28) Welcome10 rainfall. 29) Severe11 storms. 30) Rainfall 277 mm. 31) Extreme12 weather.
32) Flooding13 rain. 33) Partly cloudy. 34) Not breezy. 35) Rain staying clear14 of Moscow.
36) Exceptionally15 dry weather. 37) A fair amount of sunshine/clouds. 38) A severe thun-
derstorm. 39) Sunshine lingering16 on in Saint Petersburg. 40) More rain pushing in from
the West. 41) A little bit of precipitation17. 42) Warm dry weather is coming back to us.
43) Showers will be easing. 44) Tremendous18 rainfall. 45) Unseasonably19 warm. 46) The
wind beginning to gust20. 47) Showers skirting21 the coast. 48) Pretty active22 weather.
49) Squally23 wind. 50) 10 mm of rainfall. 51) Sunshine increasingly widespread. 52) Risk
of some flooding. 53) Showery (outbreaks24 of) rain. 54) Blastering25 wind. 55) Dreadful26
weather. 56) The sun is out.27 57) The storms are beginning to abate28. 58) Heavy rainfall.
59) Weather at its most extreme. 60) Quite a windy day. 61) Some fairly wet weather.
62) A heat wave. 63) Thundery showers. 64) Rain will continue to clear away from our
area. 65) Very heavy rain. 66) Plenty of rain. 67) Record-breaking heat wave. 68) Spots29
with clear spells — с прояснениями; spell — короткий период, промежуток
with sunny spells — с прояснениями
a touch — чуть (употребляется при описании погоды вместо a bit и a little)
to crop up — возникать, появляться неожиданно
odd — зд.: изредка
scattered — местами, syn. in places
hefty — обильный
nasty — противный
overcast — в тучах, облачно
welcome — долгожданный
severe — свирепый, сильный
extreme — экстремальный
flooding — проливной, syn. torrential
to stay clear — не доходить
exceptionally — исключительно
to linger — задерживаться
precipitation — осадки
tremendous — огромный
unseasonably — не по сезону
gust — порыв ветра
to skirt — перемещаться вдоль
active — зд.: переменная, изменчивая, неустойчивая
squally — шквальный
outbreak — внезапное появление
blastering — порывистый
dreadful — ужасный
The sun is out. — Показалось солнце.
to abate — утихать
spots — отдельные капли
142 Unit 24

of rain. 69) Windy at times. 70) More rain to come. 71) From severe drought1 to severe
flooding2. 72) Beneficial3 rain to clean up the air. 73) A lot of rainfall. 74) Hurricane
downgraded4 to a tropical storm. 75) Torrential downpour.5 76) Bright skies. 77) Show-
ers, some of them quite potent. 78) Some breezy conditions. 79) Overcast with sunny
spells. 80) Visibility6 on the low side. 81) Frost on the grass.7 82) We are going to see
quite a bit8 of cloud. 83) Rain hugging the coast9. 84) Dry and bright. 85) Showers more
intermittent10. 86) Some chances of snowfall. 87) Cloudy and wet. 88) More precipita-
tion. 89) Wind easing off. 90) A good deal of sunshine. 91) Drought spreading through-
out the region. 92) A bit of a heat wave. 93) The risk of some tornados. 94) Scorching
heat11. 95) Heavy downpours at times. 96) Spectacular12 thunderstorms. 97) Torrential
rain. 98) Cool and breezy. 99) The heaviest rainstorm. 100) One or two scattered show-
ers can’t be ruled out. 101) Showers will fade away13. 102)  More cloud can develop,
especially inland. 103) Heavy showers are likely to develop. 104) A few isolated show-
ers. 105) More (consistent14) rainfall. 106) The cloud clearing by Friday. 107) Exces-
sive15 rainfall. 108) Largely16 dry. 109) Very unstable weather. 110) An overcast17 early
morning. 111)  Wet weather on the way. 112) Showers could be on the heavy side.
113) Heavy outpours18. 114) Brisk19 weather. 115) Snow flurries20 are expected overnight.
116) Traces21 of rainfall. 117) A glorious day with sunshine and few showers. 118) Some
pretty wet weather. 119) A snowy day. 120) Snow in high elevations22. 121) The wind to
shift23 a little bit. 122) Weather pretty benign24. 123) Quite a bit25 of cloud. 124) Bitterly

drought [drat] — засуха
flooding — наводнение
beneficial — полезный, зд.: такой необходимый
to downgrade — понижать (категорию, разряд)
torrential downpour — проливной дождь, ливень
visibility — видимость
frost on the grass, syn. grass frost — заморозки на почве
quite a bit, syn. quite a lot — немало
hugging the coast — вдоль побережья
intermittent — спорадический, время от времени, зд.: чередующийся с сухой погодой
scorching heat — палящий зной
spectacular — внезапный
to fade away — ослабевать, сходить на нет
consistent — зд.: постоянный
excessive — обильный
largely — преимущественно, в основном, syn. predominantly
overcast — пасмурный
outpour — ливень
brisk — холодно при ясном небе
snow flurries — порывы ветра со снегом
traces — минимальное количество
elevation — возвышенность
to shift — зд.: изменять направление
benign [bnan] — мягкая
quite a bit — немало
Weather 143

cold weather. 125) Adverse1 weather. 126) Wind of gale2 force. 127) Gusty3 wind.
128)  Hefty4 showers. 129) A  scattering5 of showers. 130) Heavy thundery6 rain
/showers/ downpour. 131) A  very chilly7 wind. 132)  The heat is going to abate.
133) Sleet.8 134) Snowfall. 135) Icy roads9, very slippery10. 136) Hot and humid11.
137) Seas moderate to choppy12. 138) Runways13 iced over14. 139) Relatively mild.
140) Torrential rains to continue into Sunday. 141) The wind will continue to ease.
142) A few isolated showers. 143) Showery and breezy. 144) Fair wind. 145) Foul15 wind.
146) Partly cloudy skies. 147) Prevailing16 NW17 wind. 148) Increasing wind gusts up to
70 km/hr. 149) On the breezy side. 150) Might be a bit chilly. 151) Precipitation above
the average18. 152) Thundery19 downpours. 153) Heavier showers likely. 154) Devastating20
tornadoes. 155) Gale force winds. 156) High winds to continue. 157) The rain is ex-
pected to ease up21. 158) Harsh22 winds. 159) Heavy rain and high wind. 160) Warming up.
161) Fairly pretty heavy rain. 162) Weather front23 bringing more showers. 163) Rough
weather. 164) Scattered heavy downpours. 165) Heat will continue to build. 166) Waves
of rainfall. 167) Unsettled picture. 168) Dry conditions and high wind. 169) Exception-
ally dry. 170) Plenty of showers. 171) Heavy amounts of rainfall. 172) The usual crop of
showers. 173) Improved weather. 174)  Pretty nasty showers. 175) Pretty intense heat.
176) Heat wave. 177) Pieces of rain. 178) Outbreaks of rain. 179) An exceptional amount
of rain. 180) The heat continues here. 181) We are in a belt of wet weather. 182) Unset-
tled24 day. 183) Plenty of sunshine. 184) We’ll be seeing a lot of rain.

adverse — отвратительная
gale — буря, шторм
gusty — порывистый
hefty — очень сильный
scattering — отдельные, местами
thundery — с громом, грозовые
chilly — прохладный
sleet — снег с дождем
icy roads — гололедица
slippery — скользко
humid — влажно, humidity — влажность
choppy — неспокойное, с волнами
runway — взлетно-посадочная полоса
iced over — обледеневший, покрытый ледяной коркой
foul — зд.: с дождем и/или снегом
to prevail — преобладать
NW — north-westerly
average — средний
thundery — с громом
devastating — опустошительный
to ease up — ослабевать
harsh — резкий
weather front — атмосферный фронт
unsettled — неустойчивый
144 Unit 24

Exercise 8. These clippings contain two diametrically opposite approaches to weath-

er forecasts, an official and an unofficial one. Read and translate them (use a diction-
ary where necessary).


The weather
It’s a good idea to have a comment may be, “Aye, but not so windy.” Or you
on the weather ready, in case you talk to may choose to start with the wind, or lack
someone, or someone talks to you. The of it: “It’s a nice, fresh breeze”, to which the
weather is a  constant topic of conver- reply may be, “Aye, a grand day.” On days
sation, which is remarkable given that when it is both wet and windy, people
Scotland only offers two main types of just look at one another from under their
weather, wet or dry, with the sub-attrib- rain-hats, and say: “Oh, my!”
utes of windy or not windy. However, Fine rain, or a  steady drizzle, is re-
the permutations offered by these con- ferred to as ‘Scotch mist’ and a  well-
ditions are quite enough for meaningful known piece of weather law runs: ‘If you
communication. can’t see Ben Nevis, it means it’s raining.
A visitor may make the opening gam- If you can see Ben Nevis, it means it’s
bit: “A bit wet today”, to which the reply about to rain.’

THE NEW YORK TIMES 6.10.2011, p. A31

Metropolitan Forecast
TODAY. Sunny, cool, breezy result in a beautiful day, with an abun-
High 66. A cooler air mass from east- dance of sunshine. After a  chilly start,
ern Canada will spread over the area, so the afternoon will be comfortable.
temperatures will be a bit lower than they SATURDAY. Pleasant and warmer
were yesterday. There will be a good deal A sprawling high pressure system will
of sunshine, with a brisk breeze. remain over the region for the weekend.
TONIGHT. Mostly clear, cool This day will be beautiful, with an
Low 49. A chilly night is coming up abundance of sunshine, a warmer after-
under a  clear sky. The breeze will be- noon and a light to gentle breeze.
come light, allowing for maximum over-
night cooling. Some of the colder sub-
MONDAY. Mostly sunny, warm
urbs will have lows in the 30s.
The great weather will continue as
TOMORROW. Mostly sunny and nice high pressure remains. Both days will be
High 67. A  large area of high pressure mostly sunny and warm, with high tem-
will take control of the weather. This will peratures around 80 degrees.
Weather 145

THE NEW YORK TIMES 6.10.2011, p. A31

National Forecast

Unsettled weather will continue around Sunshine will be found across the
the Northeast today as the center of Plains as high pressure remains in con-
the low remains off the coastline. As trol. Much of the West will remain sea-
more clouds and showers expand sonably warm. Showers and thunder-
across the region, the steadiest rain storms will dot the Four Corners Region
will be confined to northern New Eng- and the Rockies as tropical moisture
land. surges from the south. As a  storm ap-
Cold winds will usher cool air into proaches from the Pacific Ocean, clouds
the Ohio Valley, southern Appalachians will begin to move into the Northwest.
and mid-Atlantic states. The cool air will Showers may occur along the coast by
reach as far south as central Florida. the afternoon.

Now answer these questions:

1. What four types of weather are usually mentioned by speakers in Scotland?
2. What does Britain’s highest mountain have to do with weather forecasts?
3. What city and country do the Metropolitan and the National Forecasts refer to? How
do you know?
4. Do the figures 66, 49, 30, 67 and 80 refer to the Celsius or to the Fahrenheit scale?

Exercise 9. Read and translate these forecasts and reports about current tempera-
tures (T). Use a dictionary where necessary.
1) Well above average T. (T. well above the average.) 2) T. will climb to the upper fourties.
3) T. here will be in the low teens. 4) 29 degrees Celsius, that is 84 in Fahrenheit. 5) T. still
holding in the mid- to high teens. 6)  T.  into single figures. 7)  T.  in the mid-twenties.
8) T. will be dropping a touch. 9) T. well into the twenties and thirties. 10) T. going to
middle and high teens. 11) T. up in the high thirties. Glaciers are melting. 12) T. will
take a tumble. 13) T. well below average. 14) T. will plunge. 15) Cooler T. are expected.
16) T. not as high as recently. 17) T. recover. 18) T. in the mid-upper twenties. 19) T. are
continuing to climb. 20) T. expected to gradually go up again. 21) T. will drop. 22) T. in the
upper single digits. 23) Warm T. are in store. 24) Unseasonably warm T. 25) T. on the de-
cline. 26) T. in the low to mid-twenties. 27) T. five degrees below the average. 28) T. twen-
ty degrees or better. 29) T. a good four-five degrees above (the) average. 30) T. bolstered.
31) T. (drop to) below freezing. 32) T. cooling to 11 Celsius. 33) Southerly wind lifting
up the T. 34) Taking the edge off the T. 35) T. will be exceeding the mid-40s. 36) T. ap-
146 Unit 24

proaching 30 degrees. 37) T. in the high eighties and early nineties. 38) T. can top 47° C.
39) T. will be in the upper twenties. 40) T. into the mid- and lower thirties. 41) T. are set
to rise. 42) T. on the rise. 43) The T. are still above average. 44) Current T. 45) T. still in the
high thirties, low forties. 46) Soaring T. 47) Subzero T. 48) T. getting progressively cooler.
49) T. will plunge again. 50) T. on the drop. 51) A drop in T. 52) T. soar as far as 40 de-
grees in summer. 53) T. are going in the right direction. 54) T. pretty mild. 55) T. subzero.
56) T.  hovering around 20 degrees. 57)  T.  returning to normal. 58)  T. below freezing.
59) Very cool T. 60) T. will drop by day and by night. 61) T. well below forties. 62) T. cool-
ing off. 63) T. a little above average. 64) T. into the high twenties. 65) T. going from the
upper teens to medium and lower twenties. 66) T. remain in double figures. 67) T. lifting
to 20 degrees. 68) Top T. 69) T. will fall by several degrees. 70) Overnight T. are close
to freezing. 71)  T.  will fall below the freezing point. 72)  T.  are beginning to pick up.
73) Leaking hot T. 74) T. easing from 40 degrees to 29. 75) T. hotting up. 76) T. staying
below freezing. 77) T. ten to fifteen degrees below average. 78) T. plunged. 79) T. gradu-
ally recovering. 80) T. rocketing. 81) Record-breaking T. 82) T. drop dramatically/sharply.
83) T. struggling to get into double figures. 84) T. back to normal. 85) T. in excess of 40° C.

Exercise 10. Which of these 5 things about temperature you did know?1

DAILY EXPRESS 3.7.2009, p. 56

Five things you never knew about… temperature


1. The highest temperature ever re- 4. The word ‘temperature’ originally

corded in the shade was 57.8  oC referred to the action of ‘temper-
(136F) in Libya on September 13, ing’, or mixing. It then came to
1922. be used of’temperate’ climates,
2. The average temperature on Mars where hot and cold are sensibly
is –63 oC. mixed, then finally took its modern
3. The insect known as the tempera- sense.
ture cricket is so called because 5. The average temperature at the
you can calculate the temperature North Pole is –18  oC and at the
from its rate of chirping. South Pole it is –50 oC.

Ср.: Which of these 5 things did you know? (вы знали?), Which of these 5 things you did know
(вы все же знали?)
Weather 147

Exercise 11. Which English adjectives, ‘strong’ or ‘heavy’, would you use to trans-
late «сильный дождь» and «сильный ветер»? Check your translation with a dic-

Exercise 12. There is plenty to talk about weatherwise1. Read, translate2 and memo-
rise these short dialogues. Practice them with your comrades.
1. A: It is clouding over. A gloomy day. Going to rain?
B: Looks like it. Anyway, they forecast outbreaks of rain. But the rains will ease soon.
2. A: What a glorious day!
B: Yes, isn’t it? Nice-looking weather. Some decent spells of sunshine.
A: High pressure means another hot day.
B: We shall stay in this weather for the next couple of days. A wonderful day weath-
3. A: Isn’t it hot!
B: Isn’t it! Clear skies. Cloud easing away. Great weather.
A: Mostly sunny skies, with the odd shower. And then the sunshine comes through
B: It doesn’t get this hot usually at this time of year.
A: The hottest October day on record. London leaks in the sunshine. Climate change?
B: Big temperature contrast. Unseasonably hot weather. But the area could take
a shower or two.
4. A: The destructive storm has weakened.
B: Yes, today is in huge contrast to yesterday’s downpour.
A: Fingers crossed, the sun will pop out and it will soon get dry.
B: A break in the weather. It’s drying up and hotting up.
5. A: Very warm for this time of year.
B: It is, isn’t it? Still the weather is pretty unsettled. Changes in the wind direction.
Fickle weather.
A: The cold wind will bring quite a break in the weather.
6. A: Please forgive us for this cold summer.
B: Why should I? I can’t hold you responsible for it.
A: Do you go in for a swim?
B: No, only occasionally for a dip.
A: Beware of swimming in this cold water. Your leg may start cramping. Besides, when
you get out you can catch cold in the wind. Hypothermia. The chilling effect, you
know. Small wonder, with these squally winds.
B: What’s the weather update?
A: Pretty unsettled weather. We may be catching one or two showers. Have an um-
brella handy.
weatherwise — в отношении погоды
Make use of exercise 13.
148 Unit 24

7. A. (to B who has got out of the water): That must be very invigorating.
B: It is.
A: Do you do it regularly?
B: Only when sea temperature is bearable. Today it is. And winds remain light.
A: But you must be cold. Look at you goose-pimpled skin.
8. A: Why do we English always talk about the weather?
B: We hate it when it rains. We hate it when it’s hot.
A: Alas, the heat is now building.
B: But the rain season is fast approaching.
9. A: How do you like this weather?
B: It’s normal weather for this time of year. A hint of spring in the air. Sunshine by
day, frost by night.
A: Still a little on the cool side for this time of year. In the evening, winter chill returns.
10. A: What’s the weather doing?
B: It’s getting colder with every passing day. It’s cold by day, and it’s cold by night. Bit-
ter weather. I’m afraid we are facing a sudden early arrival of winter. Snow seems
to be on the cards. The first snowfall of the season.
A: Hopefully, we’ll see fine weather soon.
11. A: It’s a break in the weather.
B: Yes, it’s a touch warmer. Decent looking weather for this time of year. No storms to
report. Almost spring-like.
A: But still it’s sprinkling on us now.
12. A: We’ve had a crop of showers for three days in a row.
B: Yes, the weather is a bit off.
A: The forecast says there is more disappointing weather to come. There are some
hefty showers in store for us.
B: Alas, unsettled weather remains in place. We are looking at more rain. No wonder.
We are in the thick of the rainy season. So some rainfall is imminent. There’s even
flood risk.
A: Yes, our area is prone to flooding. People are bracing for flood.
13. A: A touch cooler.
B: Yes, a little on the cool side. Northerly wind.
A: It is. But it is warming up. The weather will slowly begin to improve. It will be sun-
nier by Sunday.
14. A: Quite warm for this time of year. For quite a  few years we have had extremely
warm winters.
B: It’s quite pleasant today. Fine and dry. Hopefully, the weather holds.
A: But it was very wet yesterday. Who knows? Maybe it’s calm before the storm.
15. A: A torrential downpour! A regular washout.
B: First rain event in a month.
A: But it’s pretty unpleasant walking home in pouring rain.
Weather 149

B: Did you hear the flood warning? Severe floods are forecast.
A: Small wonder. The rains are just beginning to show their hand. There is more rain
on the cards.
16. A: Nasty weather.
B: Couldn’t be worse. But still winter weather is easing here.
A: Elsewhere it is bitterly cold. Things are likely to cool off.
17. A: It poured with rain all afternoon. Heavy rain continues to be a nuisance.
B: But the forecast for tomorrow is good. The weather will pick up.
A: The rain is coming down, but it is already easing.
18. A: Yesterday was very hot.
B: The temperature was 32° in the shade and 41° in the sunshine.
A: Yes, the heat was intense. Some people like it. They bask in the sun.
B: But I’d rather not sit under a searing sun. Exposure to sunlight is too risky. What
we need is rain.
A: Still it’s not so awful as in the Sahara Desert. It’s searing heat there now. A vast area
was affected by drought. The drought left thousands of people without drinking
water and suffering from food shortages.
B: How do they classify it? The drought, I mean. As weak, moderate, severe, extreme,
A: Ask me another. So far we are still under a drought. Hopefully, Mother Nature will
cooperate and the drought will soon be over.
19. A: Is the weather fair or foul where you live?
B: Last autumn it was something awful. Winds were howling at 30 m a second. The
storm damage was high.
A: How was it classified? A named storm? A hurricane? A major hurricane?
B: Search me. It was something terrible. That’s all that matters.
20. A: Nippy, isn’t it?
B: They say it’ll be sunny tomorrow. But a cold snap approaches.
A: Looks like we’re in for a cold snap. Pretty cool for this time of year. Haven’t seen
snow like that in decades. But you’ll brave the cold, won’t you?
21. A: (to B who has got out of the water): How was it?
B: The water is warmer than the air, but the sea is too choppy for swimming.
A: But not as rough as last week.
22. A: Good morning.
B: ’Morning.
A: Dry at the moment.
B: Yes, isn’t it?
A: Where are the seasonal showers?
B: Wait and see. The afternoon may be quite showery. Rain is already pushing into Dorset.
23. A: The hurricane is heading to our city.
B: Sure, we are right in its path. Last night two cities to the south were pummelled
by wind and torrential rain. The rainfall was well above the average. They got
150 Unit 24

a  month’s worth of rainfall. The deadly hurricane left many homes without
A: There are some areas west of our city affected by the storm.
B: I wonder how long the superstorm will last. Is there any light on the horizon?
A: Afraid not. You know it never rains but it pours. There will be more rain to con-
tend with. A  dramatic thunderstorm, perhaps. We may be catching quite a  few
24. A: Ours is an area of low pressure.
B: Yes, although it isn’t raining, but the fog is so thick you could almost cut it with
a knife.
25. A: Europe freezes. There are layers of ice on everything. It’s unreasonably cold.
B: The big freeze will continue. Winter is here to stay.
A: Yes, the bitter cold has tightened its grip. It’s a deadly deep freeze.
B: There are huge problems with the cold. The impact of freezing temperatures is aw-
ful. Plenty of homeless have been killed by exposure. Lots of patients with severe
frostbite were taken to hospital. Their toes and fingers are blackened by frostbite.
A: Their existence is at the mercy of the weather.
B: Brutal weather. The airport is paralysed by the coldest snap in decades. An unusual
snow storm thrashing Scotland.
26. A: The snowfall was heaviest ever recorded.
B: Yes, biggest snowfall in years. The city is snowbound.
A: What is worse, some snowploughs in our city got stuck.
B: Heathrow had to cut a third of its flights. It’s no longer accepting flights.
27. A: I got caught in the rain.
B: Come in! You’re drenched.

Exercise 13. Find in the dialogues above the English equivalents of these Russian
words, phrases and sentences:
Дождь лил всю вторую половину дня; Погода улучшится; Будем надеяться, такая
погода сохранится; Как погода?; Не промокни; прекрасный день; Это, должно быть,
очень бодрит; три дня подряд; похоже; чуть потеплее; Нет, только иногда окунаюсь;
температура в тени; Я не могу считать вас ответственным за него; Перемена пого-
ды; В других местах ужасно холодно; Льёт как из ведра; с каждым днем; Погода не-
много испортилась; Похоже, что будет похолодание; Прохладно, правда?; перемена
погоды; неудивительно (2 варианта); Противная погода; в разгар сезона дождей;
частые мелкие дожди; Дожди только начинаются; Спроси чего полегче; Похоже на
весну; Но все же накрапывает дождик; У вас могут начаться судороги в ноге; что
касается погоды; под рукой; Ты промок насквозь; Мрачный день; Люди готовятся
к наводнению; под проливным дождем; Уже много лет у нас очень тёплые зимы;
не по сезону; температура на солнце; Ты ходишь плавать; холодно днем; чуть про-
хладнее; простудиться на ветру; Но прогноз на завтра хороший; они нежатся на
солнце; Но из-за волн трудно плавать; Будем надеяться, что выглянет солнышко;
Небо заволакивают тучи; Есть ли просветы?; Первый дождь за месяц; отдельные
Weather 151

кратковременные паводки; затишье перед бурей; Раз давление высокое, опять бу-
дет жаркий день; месячная норма осадков; Пришла беда — отворяй ворота; «гу-
синая» кожа; Много домов осталось без электричества; жара усиливается; паля-
щее солнце; В воздухе пахнет весной; изменчивая погода; Ураган движется прямо
к нашему городу; Немного холодновато; Бурь пока нет; Похоже, что дожди будут
продолжаться; Солнце пробивается сквозь тучи; холодновато; самый жаркий день
в  октябре за всю историю наблюдений; изменение климата; Осадков выпало на-
много больше средней нормы; В Лондоне на солнце люди обливались пóтом; Что
происходит с погодой?; В городе снежные заносы; обморожение; слои льда; паль-
цы рук и ног; Боюсь, что нет; Хуже не бывает; переохлаждение; Понятия не имею;
Аэропорту Хитроу пришлось отменить треть рейсов; Много бездомных замёрзли;
Некоторые снегоуборочные машины застряли в снегу; Из-за самого резкого похо-
лодания за последние десятилетия работа аэропорта парализована.

Exercise 14. Do the same as in exercise 12. This time it is a dialogue about floods.
1. A: What’s the weather situation?
B: The hurricane has been downgraded to a tropical storm.
A: Call it whatever you please — tropical storm, monsoon or typhoon — it is relent-
less. It tore through the region in its path bringing downpours. The rain has been
bucketing down for three days. The water is coming down in torrents.
B: As a result, the water has been rising. Most rivers have turned into swollen torrents.
Some are overflowing with water.
A: Yes, some swollen rivers have burst their banks. Very few areas are staying dry, most
are covered in water. The end of the bridge is already submerging. The flood water
is advancing.
B: The area near where my cousins live is flooded. Some areas are already inaccessible.
A big surge of water is about to cover the rest. Rain has forced people to flee their
homes. Trying to escape these waters.
A: Small wonder. A long stretch of land there lies below sea level and naturally it is
waterlogged. Waterlogged land can’t absorb any more. The legacy of the tropical
storm may be terrible.
B: Yes, it is one of the worst affected areas hit hard by floods.
A: Ours is also vulnerable to flooding. So far our town has been spared the worst of the
flooding. But the ground is already saturated. The water is coming. It keeps getting
closer. Some roads are rapidly being submerged.
B: Flood waters have reached exceptionally high levels. They are creeping into the out-
skirts of our town. Before long, it may be inundated by floods. Yesterday the water
hit a new high. People may have to abandon their homes.
A: To cope with the severe flooding and keep the water in, flood defences are being built.
B: Defensive barriers with sandbags?
A: Right. To hold back floods, the protective barriers are getting ever higher, ever larg-
er. Hopefully, they will hold and keep the water out of the town.
B: Flood protection walls should have been raised to withstand the rising waters and hold
them back. We should do all we can to control the deluge, to battle the flood. However,
in some countries defensive barriers proved no match to powerful flood waters.
152 Unit 24

A: This is the worst flooding in decades. There hasn’t been one like it in recent memory.
The water seems unstoppable. The full extent of the flooding is still unpredictable.
B: It’s expected to get worse than last year’s devastating flood. The rainfall toll was
something awful. One day we had 40 millimeters of rain. Remember?
A: Don’t I just! Most of the area was hit by heavy flooding, most roads flooded, people
trapped in their flooded homes. Others left their homes and were desperately mak-
ing their way to higher ground. Taking what they can and heading for high ground.
Yet others were forced up on the roofs. To move them to higher ground, some
were airlifted to safety in helicopters. Others were left stranded by flooding waters.
Numerous attempts were made to rescue stranded residents. In inundated areas,
the deluge was wreaking havoc. It sure was exceptional flooding. Concrete barriers
were pushed by the swelling waters. Some buildings crumbled. Luckily, after a fort-
night or so, the rivers slowly started to go down and the flood water subsided. But
the floods left many people destitute.
B: In neighbouring areas, there were flash floods. Some roads were blocked by fallen
down trees. The water is showing no signs of abating.
2. A: What are the flood waters doing? Do the floods linger on? Is the water rising or
B: The water level is falling. Flood water should start to recede next week. Some water
has been pumped out. So the flood alert may soon be called off.
A: But who knows? We may again be catching some heavy rain. So more flooding can’t
be ruled out.
Exercise 15. Do the same as in Exercise 13.
Паводок должен пойти на убыль; Но не исключена возможность новых наводне-
ний; примерно через две недели; удержать воду в пределах русла реки; кратковре-
менные затопления; залит водой; насколько помнится; категория нашего ненастья
была снижена от «урагана» до «тропического шторма»; справиться с наводнением;
деревни оказались в кольце затопления; быстро уходят под воду; Люди оказались
отрезанными; дамбы; легко может быть затоплен; большая волна; муссон; потоп;
затопленные районы; вышли из берегов; к счастью; уровень воды в реках понем-
ногу начал спадать; защитные сооружения против затопления; полный масштаб
непредсказуем; беспощадный; были вынуждены забраться на крышу; тайфун;
пропитавшийся водой; вот-вот накроет остальные районы; опустошительные на-
воднения; «Помните?» — «Еще бы»; вода подступает; некоторые здания рухнули;
на своём пути; не смогли выбраться из-за наводнения; переброшены по воздуху
в  безопасные места на вертолётах; дороги перекрыты поваленными деревьями;
Как там дела с погодой?; Похоже, воду невозможно остановить; наносит ущерб;
Он может быть затоплен; Наводнение распространяется по окраинам нашего го-
рода; Вода подступает всё ближе; один из районов, наиболее пострадавших от на-
воднения; мощные потоки; затоплен; недоступный; находится ниже уровня моря;
уходит под воду; достигла рекордного уровня; Уровень воды понижается; не ис-
пытал всех ужасов наводнения; Паводок держится?; Дождь лил как из ведра в те-
чение трех дней; уровень воды не спадает; не устояли перед мощным паводком;
лишили многих крова и средств к существованию.
Weather 153

Exercise 16. Which of these 5 things about sunshine you never knew?

DAILY EXPRESS 21.8.2012, p. 28

Five things you never knew about… sunshine


1. Yuma in the Arizona desert is said to 3. Light from the Sun takes an average of
be the sunniest place on Earth with 499 seconds to reach Earth.
about 4,174 hours of sunshine a year
4. Sunshine lets the body produce Vita-
out of 4,456 hours of daylight.
min D, whose health benefits far out-
2. Eastbourne, Hastings and Shanklin, weigh the dangers.
Isle of Wight, are arguing about which
5. Florida in the USA and Queensland in
is the UK’s sunniest.
Australia are both known as the Sun-
shine State.

Exercise 17. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

THE SUN 23.7.2011, p.21

123 °F
US killer scorcher

A DEADLY heatwave is sweeping the Forecasters say it could end up

US  — with temperatures soaring to worse than the 1995 Chicago heatwave
a staggering 51° С (123 °F). that led to 750 deaths.
Twenty-two people, most of them Wayne Rooney, on tour with Man
elderly, have been reported dead. Utd, tweeted: “Landed in Chicago. Gon-
The heat was worst in the Midwest na be hard playing in this heat. Hard
and south, including Illinois, Wisconsin, enough walking in it.”
Indiana, Texas and Iowa, where it hit 51 °C.

Now answer these questions:

1. How far from the world record (Exercise 10) are temperatures recorded in the US?
2. How many casualties were there?
3. Where was the heat worst?
154 Unit 24

SUNDAY EXPRESS 1.9.2011, p.20

Can we really control the weather?

By Anna Pukas
The last Olympic hosts decided not to They did it with a  process known
chance it. Press coverage in the lead-up as cloud seeding where particles of
to the Beijing Olympics of 2008 was full silver iodide contained in rockets or
of concerns about the heat, the humid- military shells were fired into clouds
ity and the smog. or dropped into them from aircraft.
So the Chinese took matters in hand. The silver iodide particles (dry ice also
Come the opening ceremony, Beijing works) attract and hold water from the
basked in sunshine and cloudless skies. surrounding environment, creating
Rather than leave the weather in the lap larger water droplets which duly fell
of the gods, the Chinese simply created sooner than they would have if left to
the weather they wanted to have. nature.

Now answer these questions:

1. Where was cloud seeding used on a large scale?
2. What does it consist in?

Exercise 18. Read and translate this clipping (use a  dictionary where necessary).
What do you think of the French company’s idea? Is it practicable1? If not, why?

DAILY ECHO 15.7. 2009, p. 14

Those pennies from heaven...

A FRENCH company has come up with If it rains over a  stated amount of

the frankly brilliant idea of weather in- time (for example four days in one
surance for your holiday. week), you can claim back part of the
cost of your trip.

practicable — осуществимый, реальный
Weather 155

Exercise 19. Forecast does not always go to plan, that is it may not be accurate
enough. Read and translate these clippings criticizing the forecasters (use a diction-
ary where necessary).

DAILY MAIL 2.9.2011, p.5

Why the weather forecast isn’t really wrong...

it’s just too short

By Fiona MacRae
Science Correspondent

YOU might think TV weather forecasts First it predicted a ‘barbecue sum-

are always wrong, but the chances are mer’, saying it was ‘quite optimistic’ the
they are right, according to a  leading weather would be warmer and drier
meteorologist. than average. Although indeed warm-
The problem is that they are too er, July and August were also a  wash-
short for weathermen to give sufficient out.
details, often leaving viewers with the The agency then appeared to be tak-
impression they are wrong. en by surprise by the onset of the cold-
In fact, short-term weather predic- est winter for more than 30 years.
tions are more accurate than ever, says In its defence, it says that while short-
Alan Thorpe, former head of the Met term forecasts are extremely accurate,
Office’s climate change arm. And weath- Britain’s size and geographical position
ermen would be able to reflect this bet- make long-term predictions much more
ter if TV forecasts were longer, allowing challenging.
them to go into more detail. The BBC has recently come under
The Met Office stopped broadcast- fire for not including enough ‘facts’ in
ing its long-range summer and winter its forecasts, instead filling them with
forecasts after the double embarrass- information about sporting events and
ment of two wildly wrong predictions whether to turn on the heating.
in 2009.

This time the questions to answer are:

1. Are short-term weather predictions accurate enough?
2. What about long-range forecasts?
3. What was wrong there and why?
4. What information in the forecasts is unnecessary?
5. What is the future of the Met office?
156 Unit 24

DAILY EXPRESS 21.7.2011, p. 5

MPs to probe the weather beaten Met Office

By Nathan Rao
THE Met Office is facing an investigation The Met Office was criticised for not
by MPs following the “barbecue sum- warning in advance of the exceptionally
mer” fiasco which led to the withdrawal cold start to last winter. Andrew Miller,
of long-term forecasts. chairman of the committee, said: “Fish-
The Science and Technology Com- ermen and the Navy praise the service,
mittee will look at how effectively the of- other people planning their barbecues
fice runs its public weather service remit complain.
after a number of woeful predictions. “If the Government give the go-
The “barbecue” prediction in 2009 ahead for it to be privatised, we need to
sparked an outcry after the summer be ahead of the curve,” he added.
turned into a  washout. And a  forecast Julia Slingo, Met Office chief scientist,
for a “mild winter” came before the Big said: “Our world renowned science ensures
Freeze later that year. that we are consistently ranked in the top
two national met services in the world.”

This time the questions to answer are:

1. What investigation was the Met Office facing?
2. What did the Met Office chief scientist say?

DAILY MAIL 2.7.2011, p. 15


BBC forecasters rapped for overdoing the chat
By Paul Revoir, Television Correspondent
MOST listeners, it seems, just want Among the phrases seen as preten-
their weather reports to tell them if it tious or nonsensical were ‘a weather
is going to rain. front sitting down’, ‘a sandwich of weath-
But instead, they complain, the BBC er today’ and ‘a little ribbon of cloud flirt-
has turned the daily forecast into a pre- ing with the South West’.
tentious and time-wasting exercise, Other issues which have irritated
which ends up irritating rather than in- listeners include presenters’ advice on
forming. which type of clothing to wear.

Now answer these questions:

1. What is it the most listeners dislike about the weather reports?
2. What phrases were seen as pretentious or nonsensical?
Weather 157

Exercise 20. Read and translate these excerpts about the English nation’s favourite
topic (use a dictionary where necessary).


Our conversations about the weather are not really about the weather at all:
English weather-speak is a form of code, evolved to help us overcome our natu-
ral reserve and actually talk to each other. Everyone knows, for example, that ‘Nice
day, isn’t it?’, ‘Ooh, isn’t it cold?’, ‘Still raining, eh?’ and other variations on the theme
are not requests for meteorological data: they are ritual greetings, conversation-
starters or default ‘fillers’. In fact, ‘Ooh, isn’t it cold?’ — like ‘Nice day, isn’t it?’ and all
the others — is English code for ‘I’d like to talk to you — will you talk to me?’, or, if
you like, simply another way of saying ‘hello’. Under the rules of weather-speak, all
you are required to say is ‘Mm, yes, isn’t it?’ or some other equally meaningless ritual
response, which is code for ‘Yes, I’ll talk to you/greet you’. By failing to respond at
all, you would commit a minor breach of etiquette, effectively conveying the rather
discourteous message ‘No, I will not exchange greetings with you’. It would be very
rude to respond to ‘Ooh, isn’t it cold?’ with ‘No, actually, it’s quite mild’.
An appropriate response to ‘Ooh, isn’t it cold?’, if you find you really cannot simply
agree, would be ‘Yes, but I really rather like this sort of weather — quite invigorating,
don’t you think?’ or ‘Yes, but you know I don’t tend to notice the cold much — this
feels quite warm to me’. Note that both of these responses start with an expression
of agreement, even though in the second case this is followed by a blatant self-con-
tradiction: ‘Yes... this feels quite warm to me.’ It is perfectly acceptable to contradict
oneself in this manner, etiquette being far more important than logic, but if you truly
cannot bring yourself to start with the customary ‘Yes’, this may be replaced by a pos-
itive-sounding ‘Mmm’ accompanied by a nod — still an expression of agreement, but
rather less emphatic.
Even better would be the traditional mustn’t-grumble response: ‘Yes [or Mmm-
with-nod], but at least it’s not raining.’ If you have a liking for cold weather, or do not
find it cold, this response virtually guarantees that you and your shivering acquaint-
ance will reach happy agreement.
There is an unofficial English weather hierarchy to which almost everyone sub-
scribes. In descending order, from best to worst, the hierarchy is as follows:
• sunny and warm/mild
• sunny and cool/cold
• cloudy and warm/mild
• cloudy and cool/cold
• rainy and warm/mild
• rainy and cool/cold
So, unless the weather is both rainy and cold, you always have the option of a ‘But
at least it’s not ...’ response.
158 Unit 24

An equally acceptable, and more positive, response to weather at the lower end
of the hierarchy is to predict imminent improvement. In response to ‘Awful weather,
isn’t it?’, you can say ‘Yes, but they say it’s going to clear up this afternoon.’
Snow is not mentioned in the hierarchy partly because it is relatively rare, com-
pared to the other types of weather included, which occur all the time, often all
in the same day. Snow is also socially and conversationally a special and awkward
case, as it is aesthetically pleasing, but practically inconvenient. It is always simul-
taneously exciting and worrying. Snow is thus always excellent conversation-fod-
der, but it is only universally welcomed if it falls at Christmas, which it almost never
does. We continue to hope that it will, however, and every year the high-street
bookmakers relieve us of thousands of pounds in ‘white Christmas’ bets.
While we may spend much of our time moaning about our weather, foreign-
ers are not allowed to criticize it. In this respect, we treat the English weather like
a member of our family: one can complain about the behaviour of one’s own chil-
dren or parents, but any hint of censure from an outsider is unacceptable, and very
bad manners.

Now answer these questions:

1. Why do the English often start a conversation with a question about the weather?
2. How are you expected to respond?
3. How would failure to respond be interpreted?
4. What if you cannot agree?
5. What is an unofficial English weather hierarchy?
6. Why isn’t snow mentioned there?
7. What should foreigners bear in mind when speaking with the English about the Eng-
lish weather?

Exercise 21. Forecasts can also be given in colour and by means of symbols. Read and
translate the legend. Which colour is a warning of an approaching storm and which
says you are to take precautions (меры предосторожности)?

No severe weather Be aware

Be prepared Take action

Rain Wind Ice

Snow Fog
Weather 159

Exercise 22. Read and translate these tips from “The How to be British collection” (use
a dictionary where necessary). Which conversation starter would you use and why?1


It’s a nice day today, isn’t it?


Bit of a cold wind today, isn’t there?

Looks like we’re in for some rain later.


A trough of low pressure is sweeping

down from south-east Iceland, bring-
ing fog and frost to low-lying areas,
with scattered thunderstorms in the
west and a belt of rain, which may fall
as sleet or snow over the Pennines,
moving across the whole country by
tomorrow lunchtime.

elementary — для начинающих, intermediate — для среднего уровня, advanced — для про-
двинутого уровня
160 Chapter 10 Unit

Moscow and London

public transport
(Moscow. Professor Sokolov, Professor Parkman)
S.: It was very good of you, professor, to agree to have dinner with my family. We could
start for our place at once, if you don’t mind.
P.: Yes, let’s. But I’d rather we didn’t go in a taxi. I should very much like to see your world
famous Metro.
S.: Then we shall take this line to Komsomolskaya and there change on to the Circle. So
we shall have only one change.
P.: How about tickets?
S.: Let me buy a ticket for you.
P.: Thank you. Why didn’t you buy a ticket for yourself?
S.: I have a Travelcard.
P.: What does the notice over the escalator say?
S.: Stand on the right, walk on the left.
P.: The wording is exactly the same as in the London Tube. Another thing we have in
common: the sliding doors open and shut automatically. Trains will not move off until
all the doors are properly closed. But there are lots of things here that are different from
what we are used to in the London Tube.
S.: Such as what?
P.: Take the rule about dogs, for example. In Moscow, dogs are not allowed on the Metro.
In London, you may take your dog on the Underground (and must buy a ticket for it) but
you must carry it on escalators — it is a punishable offence not to do this.
Like here, Londoners are fond of reading newspapers and magazines while travelling by
Underground. But unlike Moscow, they leave the papers they have read on their seats
and on window-sills for other passengers to read. You enter an Underground carriage
and if you have no paper of your own, you pick up one left by a previous passenger, read
it and leave it for next passengers. Thus an Underground carriage looks a bit like a read-
ing room at a public library. It’s a London custom. But that’s the way it is during off-peak
hours. Of course, during peak hours passengers are packed like sardines in a can and very
few have a chance to read.
S.: There are even more striking differences between our buses. Ours are self-service
single-deckers, while yours are double-deckers with conductors.
P.: Not all of them. On some buses, mainly in the suburbs, you must enter by the front
doors and pay the driver. And, by the way, double-deckers can be seen not only in Brit-
Moscow and London public transport compared 161

ain, but in many cities on the continent as well. For instance, in Antwerp, Hamburg,
S.: In all postcards I saw, London buses are invariably painted red.
P.: Those are central buses. They cover all the main roads throughout central and subur-
ban London. Apart from those, there are green country buses. They cover the roads in the
country around London, in its satellite towns and its country villages.
S.: Are there any trolleybuses or trams left in London?
P.: There is one Tramlink left in southern London. As for trolleybuses, London once had
the largest trolleybus system in the world, with a web of wires and poles stretching almost
40 miles. In 1939, when war broke out, we had more than 4,000 trolleybuses. They were
looked on as transport saviours when they were introduced during the Thirties. How-
ever, the last trolleybuses were replaced by buses in 1962. But if you wish to see our trams
and trolleybuses, you may go to the London Transport Collection of historical vehicles.
There’s a rumour that trolleybuses could return.
S.: Do you mean to tell me that London transport consists exclusively of Underground
trains, buses and a single Tramlink?
P.: Apart from those, there are trains, river buses and Green Line coaches. Coaches are
singledeck buses providing a luxury express coach service, running through and across
the whole London transport area. Green Line coaches are intended primarily for long
distance passengers. Stopping places are therefore less frequent than for buses. All coach-
es run to strict timetables.
S.: How about dogs in buses and coaches?
P.: You may take your dog on the top of a bus or in a Green Line coach, or in a single-deck
bus only if the conductor agrees. And one more thing. Here I noticed many people stand-
ing in buses. In London, standing is not normally allowed in buses or coaches, but during
the rush hours five passengers may stand inside. No one is allowed to stand on the plat-
form or on the upper deck of a bus at any time. The exact times for standing are shown
on the platform of every bus and Green Line coach. There are of course no restrictions
on standing in the Underground, but like here you are asked not to stand near the doors.
S.: There is one thing we forgot: taxis.
P.: Oh, yes. Like here, there is a certain fare ‘on the clock’ (i. e. taxi meter) before you start.
Radio taxi services may be booked by phone. For journeys well out of the centre of town
the driver may ask you to pay the return fare for the empty cab as well.
S.: And the differences?
P.: In London taxis, there are extra charges for more than one person, for large parcels
and for travel late, at certain times and during holidays. Drivers expect a tip of up to 20%
of the total amount on the meter.

Vocabulary notes
apart from — помимо can (AE), BE tin — консервная
bus банка; ср. выше: tinned, canned —
central b. — городской автобус консервированный
country b. — пригородный автобус carriage, AE car — вагон
river b. — речной трамвай change, AE transfer — пересадка, ср. BE
by phone — по телефону interchange — пересадочная станция
cab, syn. taxi(-cab) — такси
162 Unit 25

Vocabulary notes
the Circle — кольцевая линия метро primarily — в первую очередь, прежде
collection — коллекция, собрание всего
(чего-л.) properly — надлежащим образом
to cover — зд.: обслуживать (район) restriction — ограничение
custom — обычай return а, АЕ round-trip — обратный,
’d rather (would rather) — предпочёл бы в оба конца
deck — палуба; зд.: этаж автобуса r. fare — плата за проезд в оба конца
lower d. — нижний этаж rumour — слух
upper d., syn. top d. — верхний этаж rush — спешка
double-decker — двухэтажный sardine — сардина
(автобус) to be packed like sardines in a can —
single-deck — одноэтажный набиваться как сельди в бочке
single-decker — одноэтажный satellite town — город-спутник
(автобус) saviour — спаситель
to have smth in common with smb/ seat — место, сиденье
smth — иметь что-л. общее с кем-л./ self-service — самообслуживание
чем-л. to show — зд.: вывешивать
hour sliding door — задвижная дверь
during off-peak hours — не в часы to start for a place — отправляться
пик куда-л.
peak h., syn. rush h. — час пик stopping place, syn. stop — остановка
to intend smth for smb, syn. to mean to stretch — тянуть(ся), простираться
smth for smb — предназначать что-л. striking — (по)разительный
для кого-л. suburb — пригород
invariably — неизменно suburban — пригородный
link — зд.: соединительная ветка taxi, syn. (taxi-)cab — такси
to look on smth/smb as, syn. to con- throughout London — по всему Лондону
sider, to regard smth/smb as — считать tip — чаевые
что-л./кого-л. чем-л./кем-л. top; syn. upper deck — зд.: верхний этаж
luxury п — роскошь; а — автобуса
комфортабельный tramlink — трамвайная линия
magazine — журнал Travelcard — единый билет
(развлекательный), ср.: journal — tube, syn. underground — лондонское
специальный журнал метро
meter — счетчик unlike — в отличие от
taxi m., infml syn. clock — счётчик war broke out — разразилась война
такси web — паутина; сеть
to move off — трогаться с места, worldwide web (www) — Всемирная
отправляться паутина (Интернет)
on the right — справа well out of the centre — далеко от центра
parcel — посылка, зд.: багаж window-sill — подоконник
to pick up — поднимать, брать wire — провод
platform — платформа, площадка wording — формулировка
pole — столб world famous — всемирно известный
Moscow and London public transport compared 163

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences, phrases and words:
Как и здесь; чтобы другие пассажиры могли их почитать; Почему вы не купили би-
лет себе?; Собак в метро не пускают; наказуемое правонарушение; когда разразилась
война; Пересядем на кольцевую линию; Вы хотите сказать, что...; Я  бы предпочёл;
если вы не против; Что сказано в этой надписи над эскалатором?; Стойте справа, про-
ходите слева; Сказано точно как в лондонском метро; Как насчёт билетов?; если вы
не против; Да, давайте; помимо них; С вашей стороны было очень хорошо; Поезда
не отправляются, пока все двери не будут полностью закрыты; оплатить обратный
проезд; по всему лондонскому транспортному региону и через него; по всему Лон-
дону; дополнительная плата; Мы поедем по этой линии до «Комсомольской»; у вас
нет своей газеты; не в часы пик; У нас есть ещё кое-что общее; автобусы окрашены
в красный цвет; в сельской местности; Как например?; Все междугородные автобусы
ходят строго по расписанию; на верхнем этаже автобуса; Ходят слухи, что; для поезд-
ки на большое расстояние от центра города; Но, в отличие от Москвы; набиваются
как сельди в бочке; Вы должны входить через переднюю дверь; город-спутник.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) Coaches run ... and ... the whole London transport area. 2) Coaches are intended
... long distance passengers. 3) They run ... strict time-tables. 4) Londoners are fond ...
reading newspapers and magazines while travelling ... underground. 5) Do you mean
to tell me that London transport consists exclusively ... underground trains and buses?
6) “What does the notice ... the escalator say?” “Stand ... the right, walk ... the left.” 7) We
have something ... common. 8) You must enter ... the front doors. 9) ... all postcards
London buses are painted red. 10) We could start ... our place ... once. 11) We shall take
this line ... Komsomolskaya. 12) We shall change... ... the Circle. 13) Trains will not move
... until all the doors are closed. 14) Trolleybuses were looked ... as transport saviours.
15) As ... trolleybuses, London once had the largest trolleybus system ... the world. 16)
Dogs are not allowed ... the Moscow Metro. 17) you have no paper ... your own; 18) Ra-
dio taxi services may be booked ... phone. 19) An underground carriage looks a bit like
a reading room ... a public library. 20) The last trolleybuses were replaced ... buses ... 1962.
21) Apart ... those, there are trains, river buses and Green Line coaches. 22) you pick ...
one left ... a previous passenger. 23) I’d rather we didn’t go ... a taxi. 24) they leave the pa-
per ... other passengers to read. 25) Lots of things here are different ... what we are used ....
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. Why didn’t Professor Parkman want to go by taxi?
2. How many times did they have to change trains?
3. Why didn’t Professor Sokolov buy a ticket for himself?
4. What do the Moscow Metro and the London Tube have in common?
5. Where do they differ?
6. Where do Moscow buses differ from their London counterparts?
7. What colour are London buses and coaches?
8. Are there any trolleybuses or trams left in London?
9. What is a Green Line coach?
164 Unit 25

10. How about dogs on the London Underground, in British buses and coaches?
11. What do London Underground passengers do with their newspapers after reading
12. How about standing in British buses and coaches and in the London Tube?
13. What do Moscow and London taxis have in common?
14. Where do they differ?
Exercise 4. Read a comparison between the Moscow Metro and the London Tube and
make 8 sets1 of sentences like these:
The Moscow Metro has 11 lines, while the London Underground has 12 lines.
The Moscow Metro has 11 lines, whereas the London Underground has 12 lines.
While the Moscow Metro has 11 lines, the London Underground has 12 lines.
Whereas the Moscow Metro has 11 lines, the London Underground has 12 lines.
If the Moscow Metro has 11 lines, the London Underground has 12 lines.



11 lines 12 lines
488 trains in daily operation 502 trains in daily operation
160 stations 275 stations
543 escalators 409 escalators
31,000 staff 17,000 staff
8.7m trips a day 3.1m trips a day
50 per cent of users travel free Pensioners travel free
36 new miles of track since 1980 15 new miles of track since 1980
Open 5.30am until 1am Open 5.30am until 1am
Metro, London, 5.5 2002

set — , 
Moscow and London public transport compared 165

Exercise 5. Group these derivatives1 in pairs and translate them as in the example
(use a dictionary where necessary):
service — обслуживание; self-service — самообслуживание
to notice, primary, restriction, suburb, strike, stopping, standing, replace, to restrict,
to  slide, punishable, saviour, place, exclusive, to vary, difference, striking, suburban,
wording, different, to save, sliding, notice, to stand, primarily, to punish, word, invari-
ably, exclusively, stop.

derivative — ;  !, ! " # $
166166 Chapter
3 1 Unit

The Tube
Tourist: This is the first time I have been in London. To see the sights, I am told, it is best
to travel by the city’s buses and by the London Underground. What tips can you give me
on using the Underground?
Londoner: First of all, try to avoid the busiest times between 08.00 and 09.30 and 17.00 to
18.30, Mondays to Fridays. Those are the rush hours or peak hours as they are sometimes
called. The difference between peak and off-peak hours is so great (for instance, £9.90 and
£5.80) that towards the end of the morning peak hours crowds assemble outside underground
stations ready to rush in at the stroke of 09.30. So it’s best to travel during off-peak hours.
T.: Where do I buy tickets?
L.: From a ticket machine or ticket office at any tube station.
T.: Tube?
L.: Underground. Tube is an older word, but it is still used.
T.: How much are the tickets?
L.: The Underground system is divided into six fare zones. The city centre is in Zone 1.
The price of your ticket depends on how many zones you travel through. Travelcards and
Oyster cards offer the best value.
T.: Who do I show the ticket to?
L.: No one. You walk through automatic gates. Insert your ticket and the gate will open.
Retrieve your ticket as you walk through. When leaving the station, if the value of travel on
your ticket has been used up, the gate will open for you, but the machine will keep your ticket.
T.: What am I entitled to with a Travelcard?
L.: Travelcards are used for travel on the Tube, on the DLR (Docklands Light Railway), on
the entire London bus network including sections outside Greater London — on buses that
display this sign below. This applies to all Travelcards irrespective of the zone(s) they cover.
But Travelcards are not valid on certain special bus services and excursions. With a Travel-
card, you can also use tramlink (if your Travelcard includes Zones 3–6), most British Rail
trains in the London area and scheduled riverboat services at 1/3 off the normal fare. When
using the Tube, DLR or National Rail, the Travelcard you hold must be valid for all the
zone(s) you travel in. With a valid Travelcard you can travel as often as you want within these
zones. The more you use a Travelcard, the better value it is. If you travel beyond the zone(s)
covered by your Travelcard, you must pay an extension fare.
T.: Where do I buy a Travelcard?
L.: Buying a Travelcard couldn’t be easier  — purchase one from
any Underground station, Travel Information Centre, British Rail
station within Greater London, or Pass Agent.
T.: What kinds of Travelcard are there?
L.: (One) Day, 3 Day and Travelcard season tickets. There are two
kinds of Day Travelcard — Peak and Off-Peak.
The Tube 167

T.: What’s the difference?

L.: A Day Travelcard (Peak) can be used all day Mondays to Fridays (except public holi-
days), while Day Travelcards (Off-Peak) can be used from 09.30 Mondays to Fridays (all
day Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays).
T.: What about 3 Day Travelcards?
L.: These were introduced in 2005 and are valid for three consecutive days. Zones 1–2 and
Zones 1–6 tickets are available. If the 3 days you choose to travel on include a Saturday, Sun-
day or public holiday, it may be cheaper for you to buy a combination of Day Travelcards.
T.: You mentioned Travelcard season tickets. What are those?
L.: 7 Day, monthly or for any longer period up to one year. The latter are known as Gold
Cards. Monthly and Annual Travelcards are with a  holder’s photocard and signature.
Besides, there are Weekend and Family Travelcards.
T.: What are Weekend Travelcards valid for?
L.: These save 25% off the price of two normal One Day Travelcards. They are valid for
the two days of the weekend, or for travel on any two consecutive days during public
holidays. As for Family Travelcards, I’ll tell you about those later.
T.: To see most sights, I shall have to travel mostly within Zone 1.
L.: Then it would be best for you to buy a tube carnet. It’s ten Zone 1 singles. It is much
cheaper to buy them wholesale as a carnet than retail. You’ll save £3 on every adult rate car-
net of ten tickets you buy, compared to the 2005 single fare. It is valid for 12 months from the
issue date printed on the tickets and can be used by you or by anyone you wish to give it to.
T.: Where can I buy a carnet?
L.: Tube carnets are available at the tube station ticket offices,
most ticket stops, London Travel Information Centres and
tube station self-service ticket machines in Zone 1.
T.: And, finally, remember you mentioned Oyster cards?
Where do these differ from Travelcards?
L.: Like other Travelcards, Oyster cards (right) are valid for
all kinds of London transport (Tube, DLR, bus, Tramlink and
some National Rail Services) for shorter or longer periods (up
to a year) and for all zones. But in some cases they are cheaper and you can let another
adult use your card when you are not using it, even if the card is registered in your name.
But at the start and end of every journey you make by Tube, DLR and participating
National Rail services, instead of inserting your Oyster card in a slot in automatic gates,
you touch it on a round card reader on the top of the gate, which opens the gate for you.
On buses and trams, always touch your Oyster card on the card reader as you board. On
buses with conductors, when asked, you must touch your Oyster card on the card reader
on his or her ticket machine. The convenient thing about Oyster cards is that with them
fares are lower. Passengers are expected to keep their Oyster cards and top them up, that
is replenish the money on them as it runs out.
T.: And what if a passenger fails to produce a ticket or a card when asked to do so by
a ticket inspector, conductor or driver?
L.: Anyone who cannot produce, on request, a valid ticket, Travelcard or Oyster card for
their complete journey on the Tube, DLR, buses, National Rail or Tramlink is liable to
pay a penalty fare or may be liable to prosecution.
168 Unit 26

Vocabulary notes
adult rate — стоимость билета для public holiday — официальный праздник
взрослых; ср. выше: rate — стоимость to purchase; syn. to buy — покупать; ср.
гостиничного номера выше: purchase — покупка
annual — годичный rail — рельс
to apply to — относиться к British Rail — железные дороги
to assemble — собираться Великобритании (частично
at the stroke of 09.30 — как только приватизированы)
пробьёт 9.30 Light Railway — городская
to board — садиться в транспортное пассажирская железная дорога
средство reader — зд.: считывающее устройство
busy time; ср. выше: syn. rush hours, to replenish the money on one’s Oyster
peak hours — часы пик; ant. off-peak card, syn to top up one’s Oyster card —
hours пополнять свою карточку «Ойстер»
carnet — набор из десяти билетов, на retail — в розницу
одну поездку каждый to retrieve — получать обратно
consecutive — подряд to rush in — вбегать
convenient — удобный scheduled — курсирующий по
Docklands — район восточного расписанию
Лондона sight — зд.: достопримечательность,
fare — плата за проезд зрелище
extension f. — плата за проезд signature — подпись
дополнительного расстояния single — билет в одну сторону, ср. выше:
penalty f. — штраф за безбилетный single-breasted — однобортный, single-
проезд decker — одноэтажный автобус
f. zone — тарифный пояс, тарифная ticket
зона t. inspector — билетный контролёр
flat — зд.: одинаковый t. machine — билетный автомат, ср.
gate — ворота, воротца выше: cash machine — банкомат
automatic g. — валидатор (устрой- t. office — билетная касса
ство, определяющее годность биле- t. stop — автобусная остановка, где
тов и заменившее турникет) есть продажа билетов
Greater London — Большой Лондон tip — зд.: совет, рекомендация, ср. выше:
holder; syn. bearer — владелец (билета) tip — чаевые
to insert — вставлять to touch — зд.: прикладывать
irrespective of smth — независимо от Travel Information Centre —
чего-л. туристическое справочное бюро
issue date — дата продажи traveller — путешественник; зд.:
liable to smth — подлежащий чему-л. пассажир (АЕ rider)
monthly — месячный to use smth up — использовать что-л.
on request — по просьбе/требованию полностью
Pass Agent — магазин, торгующий, valid — имеющий силу, действитель-
в частности, билетами на городской ный; ср. выше: валидатор
транспорт value — ценность, стоимость; ср. выше:
prosecution — судебное преследование valuables — ценности, ценные вещи
The Tube 169

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences and phrases:
Выгоднее всего пользоваться едиными билетами и  билетами «Ойстер»; подлежит
штрафу или может быть подвергнут преследованию в судебном порядке; в пределах
этих зон; при посадке; два дня подряд; Чем они отличаются от единых билетов?; при
выходе из станции; мне сказали; на автобусах со знáком; может быть использована
вами или любым другим лицом, которому вы пожелаете её дать; Машина не вернёт
ваш билет; я впервые в Лондоне; это относится ко всем единым билетам независимо от
числа охватываемых ими зон; На что я имею право по единому билету?; единые биле-
ты недействительны на некоторых специальных автобусных и экскурсионных марш-
рутах; Кому я должен показывать билет?; со скидкой в одну треть от обычной платы
за проезд; вам может быть выгоднее купить три разных однодневных единых билета;
наиболее выгодны единые билеты; ваш единый билет должен быть действителен для
всех зон, где вы ездите; если средства на вашем билете израсходованы; действительны
три дня подряд; Если вы едете за пределы зон, покрываемых вашим единым билетом;
к концу утренних часов пик; карточки «Ойстер» удобны тем, что...
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) Travelcards are used ... travel ... the Tube. 2) Mondays ... Fridays. 3) This applies ... all
Travelcards irrespective ... the zone(s) they cover. 4) What am I entitled ... ... a Travelcard?
5) The Travelcard you hold must be valid ... all the zone(s) you travel ... . 6) Weekend
Travelcards save 25% ... the price ... two normal One Day Travelcards. 7) ... a Travelcard,
you can also use scheduled riverboat services ... 1/3 ... the normal fare. 8) You can travel
... these zones. 9) If you travel ... the zone(s) covered ... your Travelcard, you must pay an
extension fee. 10) You walk ... automatic gates. 11) 3 Day Travelcards are valid ... three
consecutive days. 12) You’ll save £3 ... every adult rate carnet ... ten tickets you buy com-
pared ... the 2005 single fare. 13) It is valid ... 12 months ... the issue date printed ... the
tickets. 14) What tips can you give me ... using the Underground? 15) A carnet can be
used ... you or ... anyone you wish to give it ... . 16) Buy tickets ... a ticket machine. 17) Buy
a Travelcard ... any Tube station. 18) The card is registered ... your name. 19) Touch your
Oyster card ... a  card reader ... the start and end ... every journey you make ... Tube.
20) The value ... travel ... your ticket has been used ... . 21) Anyone who cannot produce, ...
request, a valid ticket may be liable ... prosecution. 22) The price ... your ticket depends ...
how many zones you travel... . 23) … the end … the morning peak hours crowds assem-
ble … underground stations ready to rush … … the stroke … 09.30.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. What are the peak and off-peak hours in London?
2. Where does a traveller buy tickets?
3. What does the price of a ticket depend on?
4. How does a traveller get into an underground station?
5. What does a Travelcard entitle its holder to?
6. Where can Travelcards be bought?
7. What kinds of Travelcard are there?
170 Unit 26

8. What are Travelcard season tickets?

9. What is a Weekend Travelcard?
10. What is a carnet?
11. Which is cheaper, a carnet or 10 separate tickets?
12. What is an Oyster card?
13. What if a passenger fails to produce a ticket or a card when asked to do so by a ticket
inspector, conductor or driver?
Exercise 4. On the right you can see a London Underground ticket. Find there the
answers to these questions:
1. Where was the ticket bought?
London Underground
2. When was it bought?
3. Is it a single or a return ticket? 11 May 03 single 3:70 STD
4. How many zones is it valid for?
5. What is the fare? 11 MAY 03 HEATHROW 123
018255 17 0780 11May03 1249 £3:70

This side up — not for resale

Issued subject to conditions — see over

Exercise 5. Examine the ticket below to answer the following questions:

1. What kind of Travelcard is this, One Day, Weekly, Monthly, Annual, Family or Weekend?
2. What is its number?
3. How many zones is it valid for?
4. What is its start date1?
5. What is its expiry date2?
6. What is its issue date?
7. What is its price?
Valid only when shown with
TRAVELCARD photocard no.

Start date Status Ticket type Class

21 MAY 05 07DAYS STD
Expiry date Zones
27MAY05 12345
Route/additional validity
Number Issue date Price
317464 01 0602 20MAY05 £36:30M
London Transport issued subject to conditions  — see over

start date — действителен с
expiry date — действителен по
The Tube 171

Exercise 6. When you have a valid Travelcard for 5 Zones but want to go to Heathrow
(Zone 6), you buy this kind of ticket (below). What is there to show that it cannot be
used separately?

London Underground


27 MAY 05
440378 01 0509 27May05 1012 £1:30M

This side up — not for resale

Issued subject to conditions — see over

Exercise 7. Read and memorise this dialogue. It may come in handy.

Passenger: I have a Travelcard for 5 Zones. I need an extension to Zone 6. How much is it?
Cashier: £1.30.
Passenger: But two years ago it was only £1.
Cashier: Yes, but don’t forget we were two years younger then.
Exercise 8. Examine the carnet (right) and an- Transport for London
swer these questions: London Underground
1. Whose cover1 is this?
2. How many tickets are there in it?
3. Are these tickets single or return?
4. What zone are they valid for? Great savings on
5. Where is it available from? 10 single tickets
6. How does a traveller pay for it? for Zone 1
7. How long is it valid for? Available from larger self service
ticket machines or ticket offices
by cash, debit or credit card
Valid 12 months

Exercise 9. The left-hand column2 contains the announcements and notices used on
the London Tube. Match3 them with their Russian equivalents from the right-hand
column. Use a dictionary where necessary. For example: 1–20.4
cover — обложка
left-hand column — левая колонка
to match — совмещать; ср. выше: match — одного цвета (костюм)
There are more English notices than Russian equivalents
172 Unit 26

1. All change (please); Everybody out! 1. Держитесь правой стороны

2. Danger 2. Для вентиляции опустите окно
Electrified tracks
3. (At Russell Square and Covent Garden 3. Для экстренной связи с машинистом
stations) Do not obstruct lift doors потяните ручку на себя
4. Door button 4. Для экстренного открывания двери
Push to open нажмите кнопку
5. (On escalators) Keep to the right. 5. За безбилетный проезд штраф ...
6. (At Euston station) The last set of 6. При экстренной необходимости связи
doors will not open. Please move to с машинистом нажмите тревожную
the front doors to leave the train кнопку. Он остановит поезд, если хотя
бы часть его находится в пределах стан-
ции. В противном случае для оказания
более эффективной помощи поезд
проследует до следующей станции. За
не вызванное необходимостью нажатие
тревожной кнопки штраф ... рублей
7. Lower window for ventilation 7. Не мешайте закрыванию дверей лифта
8. The next station is Glouster Road 8. Не прислоняйтесь к дверям
9. Obstructing the doors (causes 9. Оставленный багаж может послужить
delay and) can be dangerous причиной сигнала тревоги
10. Off the train first 10. Спасибо, что воспользовались
услугами метро
11. Everybody out! 11. Не мешайте выходу из вагона
12. WAY OUT → 12. Осторожно! Двери закрываются
13. (At the exit) Thank you for travel- 13. Осторожно! Рельсы под током
ling by underground
14. Passenger emergency alarm 14. Отойдите от края платформы
Pull handle to speak to driver
15. Penalty £10 if you fail to show on 15. Поезд отправляется
demand a valid ticket for your
entire journey
16. Please give up this seat if an elderly 16. Поезд следует до станции... (через
or handicapped person needs it станцию... )
17. Please keep all your belongings with 17. Пожалуйста, не кладите ноги на
you while you travel on the under- сиденья
18. Please keep feet off seats 18. Последние двери не будут открыты.
Для выхода из поезда, пожалуйста,
пройдите к передним дверям
19. (Please) mind the doors 19. При поездке в метро держите все
Doors closing свои вещи при себе
20. Please mind the gap (between the 20. Поезд дальше не идёт. Просьба
train and the platform) освободить вагоны
21. (Please) stand clear of the door 21. Следующая станция...
Please stand clear of the closing
The Tube 173

22. Priority seat. Please offer this seat 22. Соблюдайте осторожность. Не
to elderly or disabled people or оступитесь при выходе из поезда
those carrying children
23. Stand back. Train approaching 23. Станция «Охотный Ряд»
24. Stand on the right 24. Стойте справа.
Walk on the left Проходите слева
25. This station is Baker Street 25. Уступайте места пассажирам
с детьми, инвалидам и людям
старшего возраста
26. This train is about to depart 26. Отойдите от двери
27. This train is for Cockfosters 27. Запасной выход (175 ступенек)
28. This train terminates at Cockfosters 28. Не курить
29. This train terminates at Kenning- 29. Справочная и билетная касса
ton via Charing Cross
30. Unattended luggage can cause 30. Место для инвалидов и пассажиров
a security alert старшего возраста
31. This stairway has 175 steps. Do not 31. При проходе через валидатор детей
use except in an emergency до 5 лет и собак брать на руки
32. (On monitor) Train to High Barnet 32. Билетные кассы
in 3 minutes
33. (Signboard) Trains 33. К поездам
34. Single ticket 34. Сборщик использованных билетов
35. It is illegal to smoke anywhere on 35. Билет для поездки в одну сторону
this station
36. Passenger Services Director 36. До прибытия поезда до ... осталось ...
37. Some Underground Stations 37. Начальник службы пассажирских
Closed Down for Repairs. Change перевозок
over to bus service
38. Please offer this seat to an elderly 38. Некоторые станции метро закрыты
or disabled passenger на ремонт. Пользуйтесь автобусами
39. Children under 5 and dogs must 39. Всем освободить вагоны!
be carried through the gates
40. NOT IN SERVICE 40. К выходу →
41. (Signboard) Tickets 41. На поезд посадки нет
42. Assistance and tickets
43. Emergencies. Press the alarm signal
button to alert the driver. The driver
will stop immediately if any part of
the train is in a station. If not, the train
will continue to the next station where
help can be more easily given. There is
a £50 penalty for deliberate misuse
44. Ticket collector
176 Unit 26

Exercise 10. You have arrived at London’s Heathrow airport and want to visit Sherlock
Holmes’s house in BAKER STREET. Look at the Tube Map (р. 172—173) and answer
these questions:
1. What underground line would you take at HEATHROW?
2. What would be your interchange?
3. What line would you change to?
4. What travel zones would you travel through?

Exercise 11. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

LOS ANGELES TIMES 1.1.2006, p. A18

New Year’s Eve Strike Fails to Shut London Tube

From Associated Press

LONDON  — Revelers managed to The RMT union is protesting new

move around London on Saturday to staff assignments and schedules that
usher in the New Year despite a 24-hour they say spread workers too thin and
subway strike, which slowed but failed threaten safety  — a  complaint that
to cripple the British capital’s transport managers deny. About two-thirds of
system. the Tube’s 6,000 workers belong to
Leaders of the RMT union had ex- the union. London Underground said
pected the subway to grind to a  halt nonunion workers plus managers were
when guards and ticket office workers able to keep the network open.
left their posts at noon. But London Un- “We are running train services on all
derground managed to keep most of lines. The vast majority of our stations
the Tube running, saying only about 40 are all open,” said Mike Brown, London
of the sprawling network’s 275 stations Underground’s chief operating officer.
were closed. Drivers were not taking part in the strike.

Answer these questions:

1. Did the strike paralyze the Tube?
2. How many stations were closed?
3. What were the causes of the strike?
4. Were drivers taking part in it?
The Tube 177


Landslide blocks train from Heathrow airport

A landslide blocked the path of a rush- There were no injuries and the train did
hour train in London, forcing the evacu- not derail, Transport for London said.
ation of 600 subway passengers, trans- The train was carrying 600 passen-
port officials said. gers from Heathrow airport outside the
The train made an emergency stop city and was traveling on an above-
when tons of earth slipped from an ground section of the Underground.
embankment and clogged the tracks. (AP)

Now answer these questions:

2. When? High Barnet
3. How?
Oyster Card Deposit
4. Were all passengers evacuated?
0504371028 83 £0,00
5. What American term did the paper
use as a synonym of ‘underground’? Travelcard/Std/Full/Adult/Z15/07Days
16/05/06 — 22/05/06
Exercise 12. Find out from this receipt: 0504371028 83 £37,80
1) what kind of travelcard it is for;
2) for how long it was valid; _______
3) its price; TOTAL £37,80
4) the VAT; Cash £37,80
5) where the travelcard was bought; VAT £0,00
6) what age group the holder belonged to. VAT Number : 75 62770 08
Please keep this receipt safe.
You may need to quote your
Oyster card number if you go online
Date&Time of Transaction
16/05/2006 08:13:10 17087 230853 02 0602
178 Chapter 10 Unit

London вuses
Tourist: Do you have compulsory and request stops?
Londoner: We certainly do. We have them both for buses and coaches. At a compulsory
stop, every bus or coach will stop automatically, unless they are full. At a request stop, to
stop a bus you must put out your hand clearly and in good time so that the driver can stop
the vehicle safely. A bus might not stop if it is already full.
Т.: What do I do if I want to get off at a request stop?
L.: Ring the bell once and well in advance to let the driver know. When getting off a coun-
try bus or coach, do not fail to thank the driver. It is the customary thing to do.
Т.: The London Underground is divided into six fare zones. Does this apply to buses too?
L.: No, the London bus network is divided into four fare zones. You can buy different
combinations of the four zones to suit you (see next page).
Т.: Who do I buy them from?
L.: In London, you buy tickets and bus passes at bus stops before boarding. There are
ticket machines there. You insert the exact money, since no change is given and get a one
day bus pass or a single journey bus ticket. The latter is valid for one single journey only
from the stop where it was bought. Remember: your journey must start within one hour
of purchase. On the sides of most London buses you can see reminders ‘Buy tickets be-
fore boarding’.
Т.: You mentioned Bus Passes. What is the difference between these and Travelcards?
L.: Bus Passes are valid for buses only, while Travelcards are used on the Tube and some
other kinds of transport including buses. OAPs and school children get bus passes at
a concessionary rate and sometimes for free.
Т.: What kind of Bus Passes are there?
L.: There are one day Bus Passes and Bus Pass season tickets. Day Bus Passes can be used from
the time of purchase until 04.30 tomorrow morning. They are valid on all buses in Greater
London including Night buses (except special bus services and excursions) and on Tramlink.
But if you are travelling as a group, a One Day Family Travelcard may be cheaper.
Т.: And Bus Pass season tickets?
L.: These are 7 Day, monthly or for any longer period up to one year, all valid without the
holder’s photocard. Child rate Bus Pass season tickets are valid for a maximum period of
4 months and must have the child’s photocard.
Т.: Do 7 Day Bus Pass season tickets start on Mondays?
L.: No, they can start on any day of the week.
T. Are there bus carnets?
L.: No, as distinct from Tube carnets of 10 single tickets there are so-called Bus Savers —
books of six single bus Saver tickets. If you buy a Saver, you’ll save 20p per ticket (you’ll
pay £1 per journey instead of £1.20) (35p instead of 40p for children). Bus Savers are
London вuses 179

available at Tube Station ticket offices, all Ticket Stops and London Travel Information
Т.: How about buses outside London? Where do I buy tickets for those?
L.: You either pay the bus driver (or a conductor, if any) or show your Travelcard or Bus
Pass. Buses where you pay the driver are usually referred to as ‘pay-as-you-enter’ buses.
Т.: In London, I’ll be going to a lot of shows. And these often end late. Are there any buses
available then?
L.: Oh yes. I mentioned Night Buses or night-time buses as they are sometimes called. We
have an extensive system of those. Nearly all of them pass through Trafalgar Square and serve
theatres, cinemas and entertainment areas.
Т.: Do Night Buses have compulsory and request stops like Day Buses?
L.: No. Night Buses treat all stops as a request stop. This means that you always have to
ring the bell to get off a Night Bus at any bus stop.
Т.: Are fares on Night Buses the same as on Day Buses?
L.: They are not. Fares are slightly higher than on Day Buses. For example, in 2003 the
adult single fare for a journey between Trafalgar Square and Camden Town was £1.20.
The same journey at night was £1.50. You cannot use any one day ticket, Family or Week-
end Travelcard (except for Day Bus Passes) on Night Buses and children must pay adult
fares after 22.00 on all buses.
180 Unit 27

Vocabulary notes
as a group — группой to put out one’s hand — вытянуть
as distinct from — в отличие от руку
at a concessionary rate — со скидкой, reminder — напоминание
по льготной цене saver ticket — билет со скидкой
as of — по состоянию на to start — зд.: начинать действовать
clearly — зд.: заметно (о билете)
customary — общепринятый stop — остановка
entertainment — развлечение compulsory s. — обязательная
the exact money — точная сумма денег остановка
to get off — сходить (с автобуса) request s. — остановка по
if any — зд.: если он есть требованию
in good time — заблаговременно to treat smth as smth — считать что-л.
network — сеть чем-л.
pass — проход, пропуск well in advance — задолго до, ср. выше:
Bus P. — многоразовый билет in advance — заранее
на автобус

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
tences, phrases, and words:
У кого я их покупаю?; Так принято делать; кроме случаев, когда они переполнены;
вытянуть руку; Есть тогда автобусы?; задолго до; заранее; Это к автобусам тоже
относится?; У ночных автобусов все остановки — по требованию; автобус с опла-
той проезда у  входа; Обязательно поблагодарите водителя; Платите кондуктору
(если он есть); покупаете билеты на автобусных остановках до посадки в автобус;
с момента покупки; в отличие от метро; действуют с понедельника; Вы опускаете
точную сумму; если вы едете группой; Ваша поездка должна начаться не позднее
чем через час с момента покупки билета.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) The adult single fare ... a journey ... Trafalgar Square and Camden Town was £1.20.
2) The same journey ... night was £1.50. 3) ... a compulsory stop every bus or coach will
stop automatically. 4) ... London, you buy tickets and bus passes ... bus stops ... boarding.
5) Your journey must start ... one hour ... the purchase. 6) Day Bus Passes саn be used ...
the time ... purchase ... 04.30 tomorrow morning. 7) Bus Pass season tickets are 7 Day,
monthly or ... any longer period … … one year. 8) As distinct ... Tube carnets ... 10 single
tickets there are so-called Bus Savers. 9) You will save 20p ... ticket. 10) Such buses are
referred ... as ‘pay-as-you-enter’ buses. 11) Nearly all ... them pass ... Trafalgar Square.
12) I want to get … … a request stop. 13) Does this apply ... buses too? 14) Children must
pay adult fares ... 22.00 ... all buses. 15) To stop a bus you must put ... your hand clearly
and ... good time. 16) You can get ... a Night Bus ... any bus stop. 17) Ring the bell well ...
advance. 18) Who do I buy them ...? 19) When getting ... a country bus or a coach, do not
fail to thank the driver. 20) OAPs and school children get Bus Passes ... a concessionary
rate and sometimes ... free.
London вuses 181

Exercise 3. Translate the following Russian phrases into English as in the pattern:
– остановка по требованию
request stop –

система лондонского метро; зона оплаты; сеть лондонских автобусов; плата за

проезд в одну сторону для взрослых; водитель автобуса; автобус с оплатой про-
езда при входе; единый билет на уик-энд.
Exercise 4. Answer these questions:
1. What is the difference between a compulsory and a request stop?
2. What do you do to stop a bus at a request stop?
3. What does a passenger do to get off at a request stop?
4. What is the customary thing to do when getting off a country bus or a coach?
5. How many fare zones is the London Bus network divided into?
6. Where do passengers buy tickets and Bus Passes?
7. Where do Bus Passes differ from Travelcards?
8. What kinds of Bus Pass are there?
9. What are the bus equivalents of Tube carnets?
10. Where do Night Buses differ from Day Buses?
Exercise 5. Use this table to make up 3 sentences and translate them:
It is the normal thing to do.
Exercise 6. Examine the tickets and answer these questions:
1. What are these?
2. What was their holders’ status?
3. What were their start and expiry dates?
4. What zones were they valid for?
5. What was the fare?
No photograph reqired except
Bus Pass for children aged 14 and 15
and New Deal participants.
Start date Status Ticket type Class
Expiry date Zones
14MAY04 »1234«
Not for resale
Number Issue date Price
Y692629 0909314MAY04 0313 £1.00M
London Transport issued subject to conditions — see over
182 Unit 27

Except for adult rate pass,

Bus Pass Photocard no.
Start date Status Ticket type Class
Expiry date Zones
13 JUNE 03 C 1234
Not for resale
Number Issue date Price
057 T670677 0250 07JUNE03 0907 0313 £4.00
Issued subject to conditions — see over

Exercise 7. Examine these tickets to find answers to the following questions:

1. What are these?
2. Are they for adults or for children?
3. What is the main difference between them?
4. When were they sold?
5. What is the bus number?
6. What is the fare?
7. What is the name of the bus company?

Wilts&Dorset Wilts&Dorset
ADULT SINGLE 292 114118
Service: X1
Tkt 30813 Trip 1620
Ticket: 7951
Bus 1666 Route X1
Drv 114464 Duty 1004 Adult Return
FROM: Fairmille Hotel
TO: Highcliffe Sea Cn Highcliffe Sea Corner
C’church High Street
ADULT £2.10
SINGLE PAID CASH Time: 11:22:51
02/07/12 Date: MON 09 Aug 10
Valid on day of issue
Issued subject to published
Issued subject to conditions — conditions redstar
see over redstar
London вuses 183

Exercise 8. Match the English notices with their Rusussian equivalents1. Use a diction-
ary where necessary. For example: 1–10.
1. Seat cap 53 1. Стоимость билета для взрослого
Standing 0 пассажира
2. Bus Pass 2. В нашем автобусе есть туалет
3. 35 seats 3. Выход через дверь в середине
4. Priority Seats for use by elderly and 4. Во время движения автобуса
disabled passengers запрещается вставать со своего
места и разговаривать с водителем
5. AE Please do not talk to operator 5. В автобусе запрещено распитие
while bus is in motion алкогольных напитков
6. (On the back of a lorry) KEEP 6. Автобус с низким полом для
YOUR DISTANCE облегчения посадки
7. Seating capacity 74 7. Во время движения автобуса пасса-
Upper saloon 43 жирам запрещается разговаривать
Lower saloon 31 с водителем или отвлекать его без
Standing 8 уважительной причины
8. Adult fare 8. Выход через заднюю дверь
9. Luggage not to be stored above this 9. Места для инвалидов и лиц
level старшего возраста
10. Help the driver. 10. .... мест для сидения. В проходе
Please use the Litter Bin не стоять
11. BE Passengers must not speak to or 11. Мест ...
otherwise distract the driver without ... мест для сидения наверху
reasonable cause whilst vehicle is in ... мест для сидения внизу
motion ... мест для стояния внизу
12. (On a box at the exit) Used tickets 12. Обязательная остановка
13. CanE Remain seated and do not talk 13. Многоразовый билет на автобус
to driver when coach is in motion
14. AuE Do not speak to driver whilst bus 14. Посадки нет
is in motion
15. NZE Do not converse with driver 15. Остановка по требованию
while bus is moving
16. AE Drinking intoxicants on coach 16. Единый билет (на метро,
prohibited пригородные поезда и автобус)
17. AE, CanE This coach is rest-room 17. Садитесь в автобус! И вы лучше
equipped узнаете Лондон
18. BE Passengers must not speak to or 18. Мест …
distract the driver without reasonable Верхний салон ...
cause while the vehicle is in motion Нижний салон ...
Мест для стояния в нижнем

In this exercise, there are more English notices than Russian equivalents. This is because among
the English notices there are some not only from Britain, but also from other English speaking
countries (the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand).
184 Unit 27

19. AE Use center door for exit 19. Автобус 16к (красный)
20. These seats are particularly appreciated 20. Багаж выше этой отметки
by the elderly and the infirm не ставить
21. Bus it! And see more of London 21. Экспресс
22. NZE Exit rear door 22. На площадке не стоять!
23. 88 Passengers 23. Перевозка пассажиров
42 Seated Upper Deck производится в соответствии
26 Seated Lower Deck с опубликованными компанией
14 Standing Lower Deck условиями и правилами
24. AuE Please exit by the centre doors 24. Полуэкспресс
25. (On bus doors) Pull to open 25. Служебное место
26. Super low floor easy access bus 26. Для использованных билетов
27. (On a bus) Non-stop 27. Ноги не класть!
28. Alighting point only 28. Для мусора
Passengers are not picked up here Уважайте труд водителя
29. Passengers are conveyed subject to the 29. Во время движения автобуса запре-
Company’s published conditions and щается разговаривать с водителем
regulations или отвлекать его внимание
30. BE Passengers must not stand forward 30. Дверь открывается на себя
of this notice
31. AE No standing in front of standee 31. Багаж в проходах не оставлять
32. (At the bottom of the stairs on a double- 32. Во время движения автобуса
decker) Light luggage or parcels may разговаривать с водителем
be left here with permission but at the запрещается
owner’s risk
33. (On a bus ticket) London Buses 33. Место для легкой ручной
Not transferable клади. За сохранность водитель
ответственности не несёт
34. BE Do not speak to the driver or 34. Лондонский автобус.
distract his attention when the bus is Без права передачи другим лицам
35. (On a bus) Limited Stop 35. Соблюдайте дистанцию
36. Travelcard 36. В парк
37. Freedom ticket
38. (On the back of a front seat) For crew
use only
39. (On small desk in front) Please keep
your feet off !
40. 16 Part Route
41. Request stop
42. Passengers must not leave luggage in
any gangway
43. Compulsory stop
44. Sorry, I’m not in service
London вuses 185

Exercise 9. Read and translate this notice (use a dictionary where necessary).


CHANGES from Saturday 12 April 2008

Starting 25 May 2008 CASH FARES

1&2 will run more frequently.
121/123 will no longer run. TO THE DRIVER
New 40 will run from Poole via These will increase
Wareham, Corfe Castle, by between 5% and 10%
Kingston and Langton Matrevers
to Swanage. 1. Dayrider tickets will increase in price.
2. Nightrider tickets will no longer
be available.
3. Senior Citizen explorer tickets1
PERIOD TICKETS will no longer be available, but
Prices of Saver, Salisbury Saver pre-purchased “scratch-off tickets”
and Network tickets will, of course, be valid for use.
will not change. 4. Fiveforafiver tickets2 will not change.


Child fares will no longer be available before 0900
in the Bournemouth area on Mondays to Fridays.
This is already the case elsewhere on the Wiltshire & Dorset network.
For more information ring 01204 632855.

Now find in the notice above the English equivalents of these Russian words, phrases and
пенсионер; будут дороже; маршруты отменяются; детские билеты; будут ходить
с меньшими интервалами; Это уже имеет место в других районах; ранее куплен-
ные экскурсионные билеты будут действительны; Подробные cправки по теле-
фону…; цены не меняются; Продажа билетов на ночные маршруты прекращена;
Билеты приобретать у водителя.
explorer tickets — экскурсионный билет; syn. scratch-off tickets ( so called because its text is
covered with paint to be scratched off with the edge of a coin)
fiveforafiver tickets — one of five tickets costing £5 for the lot
186 Unit 27

Exercise 10. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY ECHO 8.8.2008, p. 9

Bus fares to increase due to cost of petrol

BUS travellers face increased fares A family Yellowcard will cost £9 and
from September 7 because of rising a seven-day adult Yellowcard £15, while
fuel costs, say Transdev Yellow Buses. the 90-day card will cost £140.
An adult Yellowcard, allowing un- Child fares and the 30-day Yellow-
limited all-day travel across Bourne- card prices will remain unchanged. But
mouth, Poole and Christchurch, is to short, medium and long hop single
rise to £3.70. fares will rise to £1.10, £1.60 and £1.90.

Answer these questions:

1. What is the reason for the fare increase?
2. How will the Yellowcards rise?
3. What is the holder of an adult Yellowcard entitled to1?
4. What prices will not change?

DAILY EXPRESS 30.7.2007, p. 29

Bossiest drivers ‘on the buses’

THE bossiest, rudest and least con- co.uk shows. And they are least likely
siderate road users are bus drivers  — to let other vehicles out at junctions, it
according to a  study for a  van-driving claims.
website. The study also suggests that only
Bus drivers often jump traffic lights a  quarter of car drivers let other vehi-
and show a lack of consideration for pe- cles out, and women are three times
destrians, the study from vansunited. more likely than men to do it.

to be entitled to smth — иметь право на что-л.
London вuses 187

Now the questions to answer are:

1.Who are the bossiest, rudest and least considerate road users?
2 Where does that manifest itself1?
3 What’s the English for “пропускать другие машины”?
4. Who are more polite, male or female drivers?

DAILY ECHO 19.7. 2010, p. 18


We have a lousy pittance of a pension a fortune …… a small payment should

in this country so why deny pensioners be paid at least.
a “free” ride on a bus after a lifetime of
paying taxes.
Those pensioners who genuinely
SKI of West Moors
rely on the service and have little mon-
The buses drive round filled up with old ey should be entitled to use it for free.
people who pay nothing! It must cost Those who are comfortably able to pay
should pay full fare.
of Bournemouth

Now answer these questions:

1. What are the pros and cons2 of allowing pensioners a free ride on a bus?
2. What solution3 to this dilemma has been proposed?
Exercise 11. Here are three opinions about the dilemma ‘To wait or not to wait for
a bus’.
Familiarise yourself with them4 (use a dictionary where necessary) and say whose view
you share5 and why.
1. From the BBC World Service
24th January 2008
The frustration of waiting for a bus
To wait or give up and walk to your destination? To wait or not to wait? To take the lazy
option and wait!
to manifest oneself — проявляться
pros [prz] and cons — «за» и «против»
solution — решение проблемы
to familiarize oneself with smth — ознакомиться с чем-л.
to share smb’s view — разделять чью-л. точку зрения
188 Unit 27

2. From the Daily Mail

24th January 2008
Queuing for the bus? Mathematicians say it IS worth waiting rather than walking
To wait or not to wait — that is the question faced by impatient bus travellers every day
as they wonder whether it would be quicker to walk to their destination.
And, to the delight of the lazier members of society, mathematicians have come up with
the answer that it is almost always better to sit down and hang on for the bus.
In only extreme cases where there is fewer than one bus an hour and the desired destina-
tion is very close will the strategy fail, the New Scientist reports.
3. From Anorak.co.uk
How To Wait For A Bus
Today, New Scientist adds some notes based on research by Scott Kominers, a mathema-
tician at Harvard University.
He and his researchers have derived a formula for the optimal time that you should wait
for a bus at each stop en route before giving up and walking on.
The team found that the solution was surprisingly simple. When both options seem rea-
sonably attractive, the formula advises you to choose the lazy option: wait at the first stop,
no matter how frustrating.
The formula does break down in extreme cases, Kominers says, when the time interval
between buses is longer than an hour, for example, and your destination is only a kilo-
metre away.
If you do choose to walk, you should make your decision before you start waiting, he
says. You will still reach your destination later than the bus you’d have caught, but it will
be much less frustrating than waiting for a while and then watching the bus shoot by.
Exercise 12. If you want to know what you are supposed to say on an English bus
here are some tips. Read and translate this excerpt (use a dictionary where necessary).


Rules of Ps and Qs
The English may not speak much on public transport, but when they do open
their mouths, the words you are most likely to hear, apart from ‘sorry’, are ‘please’
and ‘thank you’ (the latter often shortened to ‘‘anks’ or ‘‘kyou’). During the research
for this book, I made a point of counting these Ps and Qs. Whenever I took a bus,
I would sit or stand as near as possible to the driver (outside central London, most
buses nowadays do not have conductors — passengers buy their tickets directly
from the driver) to find out how many of the people boarding the bus said ‘please’
and ‘thank you’ when purchasing their ticket. I found that the majority of English
passengers mind their Ps and Qs, and most of the drivers and conductors also say
‘thank you’ when accepting money for tickets.
London вuses 189

Not only that, but many passengers also thank the bus driver again when they
get off at their stop. This practice is less common in very big cities, but in smaller
cities and towns it is the norm. On a typical short bus journey from a council estate
on the outskirts of Oxford to the city centre, for example, I noted that all of the pas-
sengers said ‘‘kyou’ or ‘‘anks’ as they alighted from the bus — with the noticeable
exception of a group of foreign students, who had also omitted the ‘please’ when
buying their tickets. Many tourists and other visitors have commented to me on the
politeness of English passengers, and from my own cross-cultural research, I know
that this degree of courtesy is unusual. In other countries, the only circumstances in
which I have found people regularly thanking bus drivers were in very small com-
munities where they knew the driver personally.
Having said that, I should point out that there is nothing particularly warm or
friendly about English Ps and Qs — they are generally muttered, usually without
eye contact or smiles. Just because we are distinctively polite and courteous in our
public conduct does not mean that we are good-natured, generous, kind-hearted
people. We just have rules about Ps and Qs, which most of us observe, most of the
time. Our scrupulous pleasing and thanking of bus drivers, conductors, taxi drivers
and the like is another manifestation of our ‘polite egalitarianism’ — reflecting our
squeamishness about drawing attention to status differences, and our embarrass-
ment about anything to do with money. We like to pretend that these people are
somehow doing us a favour, rather than performing a service for financial reward.

Now answer these questions:

1. What four words are most often heard on an English bus?
2. When?
3. Why?
4. How about bus passengers in other countries?

Money-saving child
and student fares
T.: When we spoke about the Tube, you promised to tell me about Family Travelcards later.
L.: Yes, I did. A Family Travelcard is for one or two adults travelling by Tube with at least
one, and up to four children. Each traveller has a ticket and adult tickets are 20% cheaper
than the normal Travelcard price for adults, while children’s all day off-peak tickets cost
no more than £1. Under 5s can travel free on the Tube or DLR.
Children travel completely free on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays, but a ticket
for travel will be issued.
Т.: Are the adults travelling with the children supposed to be the children’s parents?
L.: Not necessarily. Members of the party do not need to be related, but must travel to-
gether at all times.
One Day Family Travelcards are ideal for taking the family out and about in London.
The Family Travelcard has all the benefits of an Off-Peak Day Travelcard, but saves you
even more money.
Т.: But supposing I have a 7 Day, monthly or longer period Travelcard and travel with
children, are there any concessionary fares then?
L.: There are. Up to four children accompanied by an adult who has a Travelcard season
ticket can buy an Off-Peak Day Travelcard (valid for Zones 1—6) for just £1 each.
Т.: What are child fares on buses and trams?
L.: All children under 11 can travel for free on all buses across the entire London bus
network, including sections outside Greater London and on trams at all times.
Child fares for 11—15 year olds are available on buses and trams at any time, day or night.
14—15 year olds need an ‘11—15’ Photocard, Child Rate Photocard or 14/15 Citizencard.
Т.: Can children have Travelcard and Bus Pass season tickets?
L.: Oh yes. Child rate Travelcards are valid for a maximum period of 4 months (you will
remember that adults can have annual Travelcards). A valid photocard is needed to buy
and use a child rate Travelcard and Bus Pass season tickets.
16—17 year olds with a ‘16—17’ photocard can buy 7 Day, monthly and longer period
Travelcards and Bus Passes at the child rate.
Т.: What about students?
L.: These, too, can benefit from lower cost Travelcards and Bus Passes.
Т.: What discount are they entitled to?
L.: Anyone with a valid Student Photocard can buy Travelcards and Bus Passes at 30% off
the equivalent adult rate. These discount tickets are available for 7 Days, one month and
longer periods up to one year.
Students are requested to check their university, college or school to find out if they are
registered on the Transport for London Student discount scheme.
child and
fares 191

Vocabulary notes
under 5s — дети в возрасте до 5 лет concessionary f., syn. concessionary rate,
benefit — преимущество, syn. advan- concessionary price — льготная плата
tage за проезд, стоимость льготного билета
to b. from smth — выигрывать от to issue a ticket — выдавать билет
чего-л. the/an + only (+ существительное) —
fare — плата за проезд единственный
child f., syn. child rate, child price — party — зд.: группа людей
плата за проезд ребёнка, стоимость scheme — план, схема
проезда ребёнка supposing, syn. suppose —
предположим, допустим; а что если

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
повозить семью по Лондону; но билет для поездки выдаётся; совершенно бесплат-
но; до одного года; едущих минимум с одним ребёнком, и максимум с четырьмя
детьми; льготная плата за проезд; система скидок; выиграть от; в  любое время
(2 варианта); не обязательно; могут ездить бесплатно; стоимость для детей; сто-
имость для взрослых; Должны ли взрослые, едущие с ребёнком, быть его родите-
лями?; Какая скидка им полагается?; В тех случаях, когда ребёнку до пяти лет, за
проезд необходимо заплатить и иметь билет.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) Child rate Travelcards are valid ... a maximum period ... 4 months. 2) 16–17 year olds
can buy Bus Passes ... the child rate. 3) What ... students? 4) Members ... the party must
travel together ... all times. 5) What discount are they entitled ... ? 6) These discount
tickets are available ... 7 Days, one month and longer period… … one year. 7) Students
can benefit ... lower cost Travelcards and Bus Passes. 8) All children ... 11 can travel ...
free ... all buses ... the entire London bus network. 9) A Family Travelcard is ... one or two
adults travelling … … least one, and … … four children. 10) Anyone ... a valid Student
Photocard can buy Bus Passes ... 30% ... the equivalent adult rate. 11) Оne Dау Family
Travelcards are ideal ... taking the family ... and … … London.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. Who is a Family Travelcard meant for?
2. What are the advantages of a Family Travelcard?
3. Are adults and children travelling together supposed to be related?
4. What are One Day Travelcards ideal for?
5. What are the concessionary fares in the case of an adult with a Travelcard season ticket
travelling with up to 4 children?
6. What are child fares on buses and trams?
7. How long are child rate Travelcards valid for?
8. How can students benefit from lower cost Travelcards and Bus Passes?
192 Unit 28

Exercise 4. Rewrite B’s replies as in example b.

a). A: You promised to tell me about Family Travelcards.
B: Yes.
b) A: You promised to tell me about Family Travelcards.
В: I did.
1. A: You believe that. B: Yes.
2. A: The boy died in the service of his country. B: Yes.
3. A: People always believe the worst. B: Yes.
4. A: Mr. MacHardie owns some mines out that way. B: Yes.

Exercise 5. These are some notices on the walls of a bus. Read and translate them (use
a dictionary where necessary).

Caution These Seats Please

fold up give up this space to a wheelchair user

Space for wheelchair user.

User should position their wheelchair Smoking is completely
against the back rest and apply prohibited on this bus
the brakes

Now answer these questions:

1. Is smoking allowed on the top deck?
2. Why do they have some folding seats on the bus?
3. What are passengers requested to do?
4. What should wheelchair users do?

Exercise 6. Read and translate the tips a bus company gives to its customers (below).
Use a dictionary where necessary. Now cover the answers with a sheet of paper and
try to answer the questions.

How do I catch the bus?

You can catch the bus from a bus station or from any bus stop along its line of
route. To catch the bus from a roadside stop, please signal the driver to stop in good
time by putting up your hand as the bus approaches. Some services (for example X3)
may be limited stop in towns — the bus stop flag will show the numbers of the buses
stopping at that location.
Money-saving child and student fares 193

How should I pay my fare?

Unless you already have a ticket which is valid for the journey you are making and
can show this to the driver, you must pay your fare to the driver when you catch the
bus. It will save delay if you could kindly have the money ready. If you can give the
driver the correct money for your fare this is very helpful, but if not the driver will give
you change if he can.

Have you any bargain travel tickets?

We have lots of money-saving tickets; there’s almost certainly one to suit you. Why
pay more than you need? Advertisements in this timetable and separate leaflets give
further details.
194 Unit 28

Are there concessions

for senior citizens?
Local Authorities now administer concessionary travel schemes for Senior
Citizens. Details vary from area to area; to find out more we suggest you con-
tact your local Council.

Can I smoke on the bus?

For everybody’s comfort and safety smoking is completely prohibited on
all buses. Also you are asked not to eat hot snacks (such as fish and chips,
burgers, pasties, hotdogs or similar) or drink bottled or canned drinks while
on the bus. Please use your mobile phone with consideration for the other
people on the bus.

What do I do
when I want to get off the bus?
Let the driver know by ringing the bell once in good time. Nearly all of our
buses have ‘bus stopping’ signs which will light up to confirm that the bus will
stop at the next bus stop.

Are the buses

wheelchair accessible?
We have invested heavily in new buses which provide easy access for
wheelchairs, baby buggies and shopping trolleys. For their own security
wheelchair users are asked to position themselves with their back to the pad-
ded rest and to lower the safety bar. Parents are reminded that, although there
is no need to take the baby out of the buggy for the journey, they nonetheless
remain responsible for the security of their child.
Money-saving child and student fares 195

What happens if
I have a complaint or suggestion?
We aim to provide a  reliable, comfortable and friendly bus service
which gives our customers good value for money. On rare occasions things
can go wrong, and if this should happen we would like to hear from you so
that matters can be put right.
Similarly we are always pleased to consider any suggestions you may
have for improving the effectiveness of our services.
Please write to the Customer Services Manager (address below) or tel-
In the extremely unlikely event that we are not able to satisfactorily
resolve a complaint, there is an independent body which can review the

Exercise 7. Read, translate and memorise this joke. Tell it to your comrades.

DAILY MAIL 31.8.2012, p. 64

A WOMAN standing at a bus stop with her The bus comes. ‘How old are you,
five-year-old son says: ‘When bus comes, sonny?’ the driver asks.
tell the driver you’re four years old.’ ‘I’m four,’ the boy replies.
‘But mother, I’m five years old,’ says ‘And when will you be five?’ asks the
the boy. driver.
‘But if you tell him you’re four, you ‘When I  get off this bus,’ says the
don’t have to pay your fare,’ the mother boy.
196 Chapter 10 Unit

Travelling by rail
A: I, for one, actually dislike travelling. So I always try and take a particular magazine and
a book and a newspaper and my walkman just to kill time.
B: What about crossword puzzles?
A: No, I don’t. I don’t really bother with crossword puzzles.
B: What about speaking with your fellow-passengers?
A: I usually don’t do it. Because they might think I’m taking liberties in talking to them.
B: That is the reason why foreigners often think the English are stand-offish. Because too
often you try to keep yourself to yourself. I’ll tell you what may happen when passengers
refuse to talk.
Once a lady found herself in a compartment with a solitary travelling salesman. After
a while he said politely, “Excuse me, but...” “If you speak or annoy me , I’ll pull the train
cord,” said the lady. Whenever he tried to speak, she threatened to give the alarm. At last
the train stopped at a station and the traveller stood up. “I don’t care whether you like it
or not,” he said, “but I want that torn bag with strawberries you’ve been sitting on for the
last six miles.”
Ticket inspector (coming into the compartment): Tickets, please. (After stamping the tick-
ets). Thank you.
B: (to A.): That reminds me. Once an absent-minded man was travelling by train. Sud-
denly he began searching all his pockets and looked very upset. A fellow-passenger asked:
“What’s up?” “It’s my ticket. I can’t find it anywhere!” “Well, no need to get so upset, you’ll
certainly find it.” Another passenger said, “You’d better find it or you’ll be in trouble if
the inspector comes. He may take you for a fare dodger.” “Oh, it’s not that,” answered the
absent-minded man, “but I must know where I am going.”
(Three stops later, the same ticket inspector comes again)
Ticket inspector: Any more tickets, please!
В: (to A: after the inspector is gone): Did you notice how the inspector ignored us but
made at once for new passengers? He remembers all the old ones.
A: Professional memory.
B: Yet sometimes even inspectors can be fooled. Once when an inspector was punching
tickets, one of the passengers was searching his pockets. The inspector looked at him,
smiled and said, “You’re holding it in your teeth, sir,” then punched the ticket and left.
“What an absent-minded man you are,” a passenger said. “Oh no, not at all. I was just
chewing off the wrong date.”
Travelling by rail 197

Vocabulary notes
absent-minded — рассеянный to pull the cord — зд.: дергать ручку
after a while — через/спустя некото- стоп-крана
рое время solitary — одиночный, в одиночку
to annoy — надоедать, беспокоить stand-offish — необщительный,
to bother — зд.: интересоваться чопорный
to chew off — отгрызать to take liberties — вести себя развязно,
crossword puzzle — кроссворд слишком много себе позволять
fare dodger — безбилетник, «заяц» ticket
fellow-passenger — попутчик, по- to punch a t. — компостировать билет
путчица с помощью просечки
to show a t. — предъявить билет
to find oneself somewhere — оказать-
to stamp a t. — компостировать билет
ся где-л.
с помощью штампа
to fool smb — обмануть, провести, t. inspector — контролёр
одурачить кого-л. to travel by rail (syn, by train) — ездить
to give the alarm — поднимать тревогу поездом
in trouble — в неприятном положении try and take = try to take
to keep oneself to oneself — ни с кем upset — расстроенный, огорчённый,
не общаться удручённый
to make for smb/smth/some place — What’s up? syn.: What’s the matter? —
направляться к кому-л./чему-л./ Что случилось?
в какое-л. место You’d better = You had better — Вам бы
particular — зд.: какой-нибудь лучше

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Она грозилась поднять тревогу; Прошу прощения, но...; вовсе нет; Что случилось?;
Я дёрну стоп-кран; Что касается меня, то я...; Вот почему иностранцы часто ду-
мают, что англичане необщительные люди; Как насчет кроссвордов?; через три
остановки; ехал на поезде; не в этом дело; Но иногда можно провести даже кон-
тролёров; убить время; Прошу предъявить билеты; спустя некоторое время; На-
конец поезд остановился; Я всегда стараюсь захватить какой-нибудь журнал; Кон-
тролёр сразу направился к новым пассажирам; Он у вас в зубах; Вы стараетесь не
общаться с другими людьми; Какой вы рассеянный; Вообще-то я не интересуюсь
кроссвордами; Мне нужна та рваная сумка с клубникой; Мне всё равно, нравится
вам это или нет; Не надо так расстраиваться; Он помнит всех старых пассажиров;
Однажды одна дама оказалась в купе с коммерсантом, который ехал один; Это мне
кое-что напомнило; Лучше найдите его, а то у вас будут неприятности, когда при-
дёт контролёр; Они могут подумать, что, обращаясь к ним, я веду себя развязно;
Он с удручённым видом стал обшаривать свои карманы; не ахти какой.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) The inspector made ... once ... new passengers. 2) The traveller stood ... . 3) I, ... one,
actually dislike travelling. 4) He was travelling ... train. 5) ... a  while, he said politely,
198 Unit 29

“Excuse me.” 6) What ... crossword puzzles? 7) I want that torn bag ... strawberries you’ve
been sitting … … the last six miles. 8) You’ll be ... trouble. 9) You try to keep yourself
... yourself. 10) The train stopped ... a station. 11) What’s ...? 12) I don’t really bother ...
crossword puzzles. 13) I  was just chewing ... the wrong date. 14) The ticket inspector
came ... the compartment.
Exercise 3. Supply synonyms of these words and phrases:
As for me, I ...; I don’t like; However; finally; I try to take; What’s the matter?; to punch
a ticket; to travel by train.
Exercise 4. Answer these questions:
1. What does traveller A do to kill time when travelling by rail?
2. Does he do crossword puzzles?
3. Why doesn’t he speak with his fellow-passengers?
4. Why do foreigners think the English are stand-offish?
5. What may happen when passengers refuse to talk?
6. Why was an absent-minded man searching all his pockets?
7. Why did the ticket inspector ignore the old passengers?
8. How was a ticket inspector once fooled?
Exercise 5. Examine the ticket below and answer these questions:
11. What is this?
12. Is it single or return?
13. Is it for an adult or a child?
14. What is the issue date?
15. Where did the passenger start his journey?
16. Where did he finish it?
17. Was he to travel via1 London?
18. What class is it?
19. What type is it?
10. What is its price?

Class Ticket type Adult Child


Start date Number
42089 3273416521
From Valid until Price
25 JLY 11 £1⋅50M
To Route Validity

via [va] — через
Travelling by rail 199

Exercise 6. Now answer the same questions about three more tickets.

Class Ticket type Adult Child

Date Number
25 MAY 92 67757 4113e5399S02
From Valid Price
To Route

British Rail

Class Ticket type Adult

Start date Number
15 JLY 11A 22860 1007367431
From Valid until Price
To Route Validity


Class Ticket type Adult Child

Start date Number
30 AUG 11 45636 3273416521
From Valid until Price
POKESDOWN 30 AUG 11 £3.50M
To Route Validity

200 Unit 29

Exercise 7. Match the English notices with their Russian equivalents. Use a dictionary
where necessary. For example: 1–13.
1. Seats are not for feet 1. Прошу предъявить билеты
2. Call at all stations to Howth 2. При аварии разбейте стекло молотком
3. Alarm 3. Касса
Pull the chain
4. Penalty for improper use £50 4. Для пересадки на автобус до лон-
донского аэропорта сходите здесь
5. Welcome to Swaythling 5. Билетный автомат
6. Out 6. Штраф ... фунтов
7. No exit 7. Туалет не работает
8. Warning 8. Добро пожаловать в...
Do not trespass on the Railway
9. Penalty £200 9. Для экстренной остановки поезда
потяните ручку стоп-крана на себя
10. Ticket office 10. Не высовываться
11. When ticket office closed entrance via 11. Выход в город
side gate
12. When way out closed please use side gate 12. В экстренном случае дерните шнур
13. Self-service ticket 13. Ноги на сидения не класть
14. Alight here for Railair Link to London 14. Раздвижная дверь
15. Please give up this seat if a disabled 15. Когда выход закрыт, пользуйтесь
person needs it боковой калиткой
16. Danger 16. Когда касса закрыта, вход через
Do not lean out боковую калитку
17. For draft free ventilation open win- 17. На остановках пользование туале-
dow between these lines том запрещается
18. Alarm 18. Поезд следует до ... со всеми оста-
Pull this handle to stop train новками
19. In an emergency: 19. Во избежание сквозняка окно для вен-
Use hammer to break window тиляции открывать до этой отметки
20. Slide to open 20. Уступайте места инвалидам
21. Passengers are requested not to smoke 21. В случае, если пользование не вы-
in this area звано необходимостью, штраф ...
22. No smoking 22. Скорый поезд
23. Express train 23. Годен в течение указанной даты
24. Fast train 24. Просьба не курить
25. Semi-fast train 25. Почтовый поезд
26. Slow train 26. Курьерский поезд, экспресс
27. Tickets, please 27. Билет туда и обратно
28. Please do not use lavatory when train 28. Внимание! По железнодорожным
is at a station путям ходить запрещается
29. Sorry out of use 29. Выхода нет
30. Valid on date shown 30. Пассажирский поезд
31. Ticket type — single 31. Не курить
32. Ticket type — return 32. Билет в один конец
33. Train times 33. Места для инвалидов на колясках
Travelling by rail 201

34. Priority seats for wheelchairs and 34. Расписание поездов

35. on board a train 35. Поезд сошёл с рельсов
36. The train derailed/came off the track 36. В поезде
Exercise 8. Read and translate the excerpts from newspaper articles (use a dictionary
where necessary).

THE SUN 11.8.2005, p. 17


Crossings smashed after driver leaves brakes off
A RUNAWAY train careered for ten miles Network Rail workers said it was a
down the tracks towards a  main line “miracle” no one was hurt in the inci-
passenger network  — after its driver dent last Sunday.
left the brake off. The six-year-old Class 66 diesel
The 127-ton loco had been on engine owned by English, Welsh and
a closed line for repairs. Scottish Railway but on loan to Net-
But it moved off because the brak- work Rail  — had been parked unat-
ing system had not been applied  — tended.
and soon accelerated up to 60mph A railway employee who did not
with no driver in the cab. want to be named, said: “It’s a miracle it
The loco sped through four level got as far as it did without killing any-
crossings over busy roads — smashing one. If it had reached Burton-on-Trent
the barriers. the results could have been disastrous.
It was then just moments from the You don’t need to be a  brain surgeon
Birmingham-Derby main line station in to imagine what a 127-ton diesel could
Burton on Trent, Staffs, when luckily, it do to a car or a person. It’s lucky it hap-
hit a  points failure near the Village of pened on a Sunday morning when
Alrewas and was derailed. there’s not many people about.

Answer these questions:

1. Who was to blame1 for the accident?
2. Why?
3. How did the accident end?
4. Were there any casualties2?
5. What was the weight of the diesel loco3?
6. What speed did it develop?
to blame — винить
casualty [kæ ulti] — жертва
loco = locomotive
202 Unit 29

USA TODAY, 16.2.2010, p. 7A

Rush-hour train collision in Belgium kills at least 18

A rush-hour commuter train apparently were injured, and the death toll was not
sped through a red signal and slammed considered final, officials said. Lodewijk
into an oncoming train as it left a subur- De Witte, the governor of the province
ban Brussels station Monday morning, of Flemish Brabant, said one train “ap-
killing at least 18 people. Eighty people parently did not heed a stop light.”

Now answer these questions:

1. Where did the collision occur?
2. How many victims were there?
3. What was the cause of the collision?

Exercise 9. A few words about standoffishness on public transport. Read and trans-
late this excerpt (use a dictionary where necessary).


Our main coping mechanism on public ther. The denial rule requires us to avoid
transport is a form of what psychologists talking to strangers, or even making eye
call ‘denial’: we try to avoid acknowledg- contact with them, or indeed acknowl-
ing that we are among a  scary crowd edging their presence in any way unless
of strangers, and to maintain as much absolutely necessary. At the same time,
privacy as possible, by pretending that the rule imposes an obligation to avoid
they do not exist  — and, much of the drawing attention to oneself and to
time, pretending that we do not exist ei- mind one’s own business.

Now answer two questions:

1) What does the ‘denial’ rule require?
2) When do you think can this rule be broken?
Travelling by rail 203

Exercise 10. Although the English often say ‘Let the train take all the strain1’, British
Rail is often criticized. Find out from the clippings below why trains are often delayed
or cancelled2.


The English take masochistic pride in the unreliability of their public transport.
Every year, the railways are taken completely by surprise by the wholly unexpected
phenomena known as ‘autumn’ and ‘winter’. Trains are delayed and cancelled due to
such freaks of nature as ‘leaves on the line’ and ‘snow’. If it is pointed out that snow is
not exactly unexpected in England, the explanation will be that it’s the ‘wrong kind
of snow’.

Exercise 11. Which of these 5 things about trains did you know?

DAILY EXPRESS 18.8.2011, p. 26

Five thing you never new about… trains


1. The earliest use of the word ‘train’ in the Oxford English Dictionary dates back to
1330. Its meaning then is given as ‘tarrying, delay’.
2. On June 15, 1928, the famous train The Flying Scotsman beat an aeroplane in a race
from London to Edinburgh.
3. The longest train journey with no change is from Moscow to Vladivostok, taking
170 hours.
4. In 1825 railway pioneer George Stephenson assured a parliamentary inquiry that
trains would never go faster than 25mph.
5. ‘National rail timetables’ is an anagram of ‘all trains aim to be late in’.

strain — напряжение
to cancel — отменять
204 Chapter 10 Unit

Going by London taxi

(A telephone conversation between Martin and his Russian friend Gregory)
М.: Listen, Gregory, what are you doing Saturday evening?
G.: Nothing special. Why?
М.: Why not come and see me at my place in Belham? Susie and Sofia are coming and one or
two colleagues of mine. All are eager to hear from you about things Russian. Will 7 o’clock do?
G.: Yes, suits me fine. But how do I get to your place?
М.: The simplest thing to do is to take a taxi. Just give the driver a slip with my address
and ask him to take you there.
G.: How long will it take from my hotel?
М.: I figure it’ll be something like 40 minutes, give or take 5.
G.: What is the best way to take a taxi?
М.: You can either ask at Reception to get one for you or you could go out and flag one
G.: Right-oh! Saturday at 7 I’ll be there.
(Gregory and a taxi-driver)
G.: (flagging a taxi): Hallo. Are you free?
Taxi-driver: Yes, sir. See that orange sign “TAXI” burning on the roof? And this orange
sign “For hire” at the back of the meter? They say I’m free. Where to?
G.: (handing him a slip with the address): Please take me to this address.
T. d.: Let me see my map of London. Belham? That’s way down south. Yes, I’ve found the
place. (Apologetically) The point is, I’m a greenhorn. Haven’t passed the Knowledge test
yet. The number of “runs” criss-crossing London that cabbies must memorise in order to
pass The Knowledge test is 320.
G.: Now we’re off, let me ask you something.
T. d.: Go ahead.
G.: I’ve noticed 2 kinds of taxi in London. Most are black, but some are coloured. Why’s that?
T. d.: The black ones belong to a firm. The coloured ones are the property of the driver.
But all are chequered to show they are taxis.
G.: So yours is your property?
T. d.: Mine and my wife’s. She answers the phone and I do the driving.
G.: What I like about your car is that here I can sit next to you and talk, while in a black
taxi I would be sitting in the back behind a glass partition. By the way, how many taxis
are there in London?
T. d.: All in all there are 20,000 black cabs in London compared with 12,800 yellow cabs
in New York City and the 50,000 auto rickshaws in New Delhi.
G.: Why do you have so many figures on the meter?
T. d.: The ones on the left are tariff extras in pounds and pence. Those on the right are the fare.
G.: How do I know the fare tariff ?
Going by London taxi 205

T. d.: It’s here, in the fare table, see? The minimal charge is £1.00 for the first 1152 yards or
3 min. 49.5 sec. Then 20p is charged for each additional 384 yards or 1 min. 16.5 sec. until
the fare exceeds £6.00. Thereafter we charge 20p for each 256 yards or 51 sec.
G.: Do you actually have to clock the time or measure the distance covered?
T. d.: No, of course not. It’s all done automatically by the meter. It’s all from the rules set
by the Metropolitan police. We are simply obliged to have them on the wall.
G.: And what about the tariff extras?
T. d.: These are charged for additional passengers, for luggage and for driving at certain times.
G.: What’s the extra charge for additional persons?
T. d.: For each additional person we charge 20p.
G.: For children too?
T. d.: Infants in arms do not count. 2 children under 10 count as one person.
G.: And how about luggage?
T. d.: In cabs like mine we put all luggage in the boot. In the black cabs it’s placed in the
driver’s compartment. Then they charge 10р extra for each item that goes there and for
each other item over 2 feet long.
G.: Now what about those specific times you mentioned?
T. d.: There are extras for evenings, nights, weekends and public holidays.
G.: Now it’s 6:30pm on Saturday, what’s the extra charge for me?
T. d.: It says here: For any hiring beginning or ending within the following periods —
Mondays to Fridays 8pm to midnight, Saturdays 6am to 8pm, Monday to Friday nights,
midnight to 6am, there is an extra charge of 40p. Yes, that’s your extra.
G.: And what other extras are there?
T. d.: Between 8pm on the day before until 6am on the day after Sundays and public
holidays — 60p. But the highest extras are on Christmas and New Year.
G.: What are they?
T. d.: Between 8pm on 24 December and 6am on 27 December, as well as between 8pm
on 31 December and 6pm on 1 January the extra charge is £2.
G.: But what if it is both Sunday night and a public holiday, is it £2 plus 60p, i. e. £2.60?
T. d.: No, only one of the charges listed here is payable in respect of one hiring.
G.: Supposing you are free and I flag you, can you refuse to pick me up?
T. d.: Normally, I can’t. The driver must, unless he has a reasonable excuse, accept any
hiring up to 6 miles (or 20 miles if he is at Heathrow Airport), if the destination is in the
Metropolitan and/or City Police Districts.
G.: And should I leave something in the cab, what then?
T. d.: I’ll take it to the Metropolitan Police Lost Property Office. You can claim it there.
G.: And if I’m dissatisfied with your service?
T. d.: Complaints about the cab or the driver should be sent immediately to the Metropoli-
tan Police, Police Carriage Office. But I hope, sir, you have no grounds for complaints now?
G.: None whatever. Quite the contrary. You have been very helpful.
T. d.: Thank you, sir. Well, here we are. And there is your friend waving to you.
G.: The meter says my fare plus the extra 40p totals £9.50. Let’s call it £10.
T. d.: Thank you, sir. Have a nice evening.
G.: Thank you. Nice talking to you. Bye!
T. d.: Good-bye.
(To be continued)
206 Unit 30

Vocabulary notes
additional — дополнительный none whatever — зд.: абсолютно
all in all — в общей сложности, syn. никаких
in all normally — по правилам, обычно, syn.
boot, syn. car boot, AE trunk — зд.: usually
багажник, ср. выше: car boot sale to oblige — обязывать, ср. выше: obliga-
to chequer — наносить шашечки tion — обязательство
to claim — забирать багаж или to be off — отправляться
оставленные вещи partition — перегородка
to clock the time — засекать время to pass The Knowleday test — сдать
complaint — жалоба экзамен на знание Лондона
to criss-cross — пересекать в разных payable — подлежащий оплате
направлениях The point is, infml. syn.: The thing is —
destination — место назначения Дело в том, что
dissatisfied — недовольный Police Carriage Office — транспортный
to exceed — превышать отдел полиции
quite the contrary — (совсем) наоборот,
to figure — считать, полагать
syn. on the contrary
give or take — плюс-минус
reasonable excuse — уважительная
go ahead, syn. fire away, shoot — да-
вайте, действуйте, говорите
rickshaw — рикша
greenhorn — новичок, неопытный Right-oh! infml syn.: all right, OK — Ладно!
grounds — основания (для действий) run — зд.: поездка
to hand, syn. to give — давать to set a rule — устанавливать правило
helpful — полезный, помогающий slip — бумажка, листок
Here we are — зд.: Вот мы и приехали taxi
hiring — наём, ср. выше: for hire — to flag (down) a t., syn. to hitch a ride in
свободен a t. — «голосовать» такси
infant in arms — маленький ребёнок to hire a t. — нанять такси
на руках to take a t. — брать такси
in respect of — в связи с thereafter, syn. after that — после этого
to list — перечислять, cp.: list — things Russian — положение в России
список, перечень to total — составлять в общей
Lost Property Office — бюро справок сложности
о вещах, забытых в такси under 10 — до 10 лет
metropolitan — столичный Where to? — Куда?

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Почему бы не навестить меня; В семь тебя устроит?; А если я что-нибудь забуду
в такси, что тогда?; Попроси его отвезти тебя туда; ничего особенного; А что?; До-
пустим, вы свободны; У вас нет оснований для жалоб? — Абсолютно никаких. На-
оборот; Между прочим; вполне меня устраивает; Двое детей до 10 лет считаются
за одного пассажира; без уважительной на то причины; Вот мы и приехали; Здесь
Going by London taxi 207

сказано: ... ; Все очень хотят услышать о положении в России; в общей сложности;
что-нибудь около 40 минут, плюс-минус пять минут; Судя по счётчику, плата за
проезд плюс дополнительно 40 пенсов составляет 9 фунтов 50 пенсов. Будем счи-
тать 10 фунтов; Но как мне добраться до твоего дома?; Маленькие дети на руках
не считаются; Желаю вам хорошо провести вечер; Теперь, когда мы отправились,
позвольте мне спросить вас кое о чём; Самое простое — взять такси; Это означа-
ет, что я свободен; пока плата не превысит 6 фунтов; Приятно было поговорить
с вами; Сколько это займёт времени от моей гостиницы?; Это далеко на юге; Куда?;
Она отвечает на звонки, а я вожу пассажиров.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) Infants ... arms do not count. 2) Nice talking ... you. 3) Now it’s 6:30pm ... Saturday.
4) And if I’m dissatisfied ... your service? 5) Mondays ... Fridays. 6) You have no grounds
... complaints. 7) Can you refuse to pick me ... ? 8) I’ll take it ... the Metropolitan Police
Lost Property Office. 9) Complaints ... the cab or the driver. 10) ... 8pm ... the day … …
6am ... the day ... Sundays and public holidays. 11) But the highest extras are ... Christmas
and New Year. 12) 2 children ... 10 count as one person. 13) The driver must accept any
hiring … … 6 miles. 14) Only one ... the charges listed here is payable ... respect... one
hiring. 15) These are charged ... driving ... certain times. 16) Where ... ? 17) It’s here, ...
the fare table. 18) Why do you have so many figures ... the meter? 19) Please take me ...
this address. 20) Why not come and see me ... my place? 21) It’s all ... the rules set ... the
Metropolitan Police. 22) That’s way ... south. 23) Saturday ... 7 I’ll be there. 24) The black
taxis belong ... a firm. 25) All ... all there are 20,000 black cabs ... London. 26) What I like
... your car is, that here I can sit… … you and talk. 27) And what ... the tariff extras?
28) You can either ask ... Reception to get one ... you or you could go ... and flag one your-
self. 29) 20p is charged ... each additional 384 yards. 30) I would be sitting ... the back ...
a glass partition. 31) ... the back ... the meter. 32) Now we’re ... , let me ask you something.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. If you are a hotel guest, what is the best way to take a taxi?
2. How can you tell1 that a taxi is free?
3. Who do black and coloured taxis belong to?
4. What is an advantage of coloured taxis over black ones?
5. When is a taxi cheaper, in the daytime or in the evening?
6. When is a taxi cheaper, on weekdays or on weekends?
7. If a taxi is free, can the driver refuse to pick up a fare2?
8. What happens should a fare leave something in the cab?
9. What happens should a fare be dissatisfied with the driver’s service?
Exercise 4. Almost everyone over the age of 17 either owns or has access to a car and
uses it frequently. What are the advantages and disadvantages of having a car?
Answer this question. In your answer, use: destination, distance, driver, driving, to ex-
ceed speed, luggage, to take smb to a place, to take a taxi.

to tell — зд.: определять
fare — зд.: пассажир такси
208 Unit 30

Exercise 5. Read and translate this dialogue (use a dictionary where necessary).
Peter: There’s a chap on the telephone, sir. He says he has run out of petrol.
Manager: How far away is he?
Peter: He says he’s at the corner of Bridge Street.
Manager: That’s less than half a mile away. Tell him to blow hard into the petrol tank.
Peter: Did you say ‘blow’, sir?... He doesn’t understand.
Manager: Then explain to him. Tell him that there’ll still be a little petrol in the tank. If
he blows really hard, he will force it up into the carburetor.
Peter (to the manager, ten minutes later): The gentleman has arrived, sir.
Manager: Good! Well, fill him up then.
Peter: I’m afraid it’s a bigger job than that, sir.
Manager: Why? What’s happened?
Peter: Well, sir, he blew into the petrol tank, but there was a sweet in his mouth — and...
Manager: You mean...
Peter: Yes, sir. He gave a good blow, and the sweet went into the tank.

Now answer these questions:

1. What was the matter with the motorist1?
2. What advice did the manager give him?
3. What is the use of blowing into the petrol tank2?
4. What happened when the motorist did so?

Exercise 6. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).

DAILY MAIL 6.6.2007, p. 54

ON TAKING a taxi from Heathrow Ter- take a black cab and was unable to get
minal 2 one day last month, my wife as far as explaining why: my wife had
and I encountered the most rude, ill- sprained her foot.
mannered cab driver it’s ever been my When I  complained to Heathrow
misfortune to meet. Airport police, I was simply told: ‘You
He was rude to us all the way to get drivers like that. You just have
the hotel. He thought that as we were to tell him to shut up and close the
going only a short distance — to the glass.’
Shepton Skyline  — we should take
a  bus. But I  insisted we would rather Coquitham, Canada.

motorist — автомобилист, водитель автомашины
tо blow into the petrol tank — дуть в бензобак
Going by London taxi 209

Answer these questions:

1. What kind of person was the cab driver?
2. What did he advise his fares to do?
3. Why couldn’t they take a bus?
4. What did police tell them?
5. Where did the couple take the cab?

DAILY EXPRESS 11.6.2010, p. 15

And foreign cabbies

win English lessons

By Nick Faqqe

TAXPAYERS are forking out to teach image. It is running a  seven-week Eng-

foreign cabbies to speak English  — in lish language course to improve their
a city that branded taxi drivers racist if skills — all entirely free.
they proudly displayed the St George’s Sarah Davis of Tourism South East
Cross. said: “Because the cruise ships are worth
Up to a  dozen drivers in Southamp- so much to the city we don’t want them
ton who put up stickers saying “English- to be giving the wrong impression.” But
speaking driver” were threatened with the move provoked further anger from
the loss of their licences in February. English drivers.
They claimed they were only re- Councillor Royston Smith said: “If
sponding to customer complaints about drivers cannot speak English, we need
foreign drivers. to know. They don’t have to be great
Now the local tourism board has ac- conversationalists. If they meet the
cepted that drivers with a poor grasp of minimum standards they’ll get a  li-
the language reflect badly on the city’s cence.”

This time the questions to answer are:

1. What do customers complain about?
2. What did the Southampton tourism Board do?
210 Unit 30

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 29.7.2008, p. 9

Taxi drivers to learn art

of conversation

By John Bingham
Would-be cab drivers in Walsall could the town. Potential taxi drivers would
face a 15-minute conversational test to have to show they can read signs, chat
prove their ability to keep passengers to passengers, write receipts and do
entertained on a journey. basic maths, as part of the licence ap-
Similar to a  foreign language oral plication process.
examination, drivers will have to dis- But the plan could face opposition.
cuss topics such as their favourite plac- Aurang Zaib, 46, who has been
es in the West Midlands. a  taxi driver in Walsall since 1984,
The test, expected to be approved said: “It makes no sense at all to me,
by Walsall council at a meeting tomor- drivers need to be concentrating on
row, was prepared after concerns about the roads, it is no good them chat-
the standard of English among foreign ting away to customers and then
drivers. But the council hopes it will ending up in Birmingham instead of
also help root out surly taxi drivers in Bloxwich.”

Now answer these questions:

1.What test are cabbies to face?
2. What topics will they have to discuss?
3. What will the license application process include?
4. What may chatting away result in?

Exercise 7. This is what an author has to say about ‘cabbie-passenger’ dialogues. Read
and translate this excerpt (use a dictionary where necessary).


Taxi drivers, in particular, expect to be thanked as well as paid at the end of their
journey, and feel offended if the passenger simply hands over the money  — al-
though they are usually tolerant towards foreigners who ‘don’t know any better’, as
one London cabbie put it when I questioned him on the subject. ‘With most English
people, it’s just automatic,’ he explained. ‘They say “thanks” or “cheers” or something
Going by London taxi 211

when they get out — and you say “thanks” back. You get the occasional rude bas-
tard who doesn’t, but most people just automatically say “thanks”. In return, English
taxi drivers are generally courteous towards their customers — and often positively
friendly, to the extent of breaking the normal ‘denial’ rules of privacy and reserve.
There is a sort of standing joke among the English about the excessive chattiness
of taxi drivers and, indeed, many live up to their garrulous reputation. The main
popular stereotype is of the would-be-tabloid-columnist cabbie, who bores or in-
furiates his passengers with endless heated monologues on everything from the
inadequacies of the current Government or the England football coach to the lat-
est celebrity-gossip scandal. I have come across drivers of this type and, like most
English passengers, I tend to be too embarrassed either to ask them to shut up or
to argue with their more objectionable opinions.
There is also, however, another type of chatty cabbie, who does not deliver tab-
loid monologues but rather attempts to engage his passengers in friendly conver-
sation — usually beginning, in accordance with English protocol, with a comment
on the weather, but then breaking with tradition by expressing interest in the pas-
sengers’ destination and the purpose of their journey (a train station, for example,
often prompts the question: ‘are you off somewhere nice, then?’). The questions can
become more personal (or at least what the English regard as personal — such as
enquiries about one’s job or family), but most such drivers are remarkably sensitive
to nuances of tone and body language, and will not persist if the passenger comes
over all English and gives monosyllabic answers or looks squirmy and uncomfort-
able. Many English people do find these enquiries intrusive, but we are nearly all
too polite, or too embarrassed, to tell the cabbie to mind his own business — so
these signals are all he has to go on.

Now answer these questions:

1) What do taxi drivers expect at end of their journey?
2) Do English taxi drivers observe rules privacy and reserve?
3) What are the topics of their monologues and of the dialogues they usually start?
4) How do passengers take it?
212212 Chapter
3 1 Unit

Going by London taxi

(2) Accidents
Russian tourist (flagging a taxi): Hello, taxi! Are you free?
Taxi-driver: I am. Where to?
R. t.: Please get me to No. 14 Fitzjohn Avenue, High Barnet, and be snappy about it, will
you? I have an appointment at 11.30. So please try to make it by then.
T. d.: We should be OK if the lights are with us. But rush or no rush, I’ll never jump a red
light. I’m a law-abiding driver. I don’t want to get disqualified from driving. Now we are
getting out of the traffic: here is a good stretch of open road.
R. t.: Let her out a bit. Let’s see how quickly she accelerates. The speedometer needle is
showing 30–40–50–60. By Jove, she can fairly go.
T. d.: She could do much better. But I’ll tell you what. I witnessed a terrible accident the
other day. A bus collided with a motor car. Both the bus-driver and the chauffeur were
badly injured. The chauffeur had been exceeding speed and was careless while turning
round the corner.
R. t.: Perhaps this gear-happy driver drove ‘while under the influence’?
T. d.: Yes, perhaps it was drink-driving. At any rate, it was disregard of traffic regulations.
R. t.: Was there any loss of life?
T. d.: Fortunately, not. But many passengers were seriously hurt and taken to hospital.
Others had a narrow escape.
R. t.: Then keep it up at this speed. What about the brakes? Can they pull us up at this
speed, say, before we get to that crossroads? Isn’t there a danger of a skid on a wet road?
Safety first, you know.
T. d.: No fear of that.
R. t.: What is done to force people to drive more slowly?
T. d.: Among other things, there are speed ramps, dummy policemen and placards like
‘Dorset speed check area’. Besides, our traffic officers have a habit of lurching in the road-
side shrubbery and then emerging with a speed gun in their hand. It is no surprise that
some shocked drivers slam on their brakes.
R. t.: I can’t get used to your ‘rule of the road’. In Russia, all vehicles keep to the right.
T. d.: Yes, here we keep to the left. Motorists say: “If you go right, you go wrong, if you
go left, you go right.” Also “Left-hand drive — right-hand traffic. Right-hand drive —
left-hand traffic”. Foreign road users may find British-style left-side-of-the-road driving
daunting. The custom of driving on the left dates back to the time when the horse was
the main means of getting about, and you kept to the left so as to leave your sword arm
free to defend yourself.
R. t.: Stop! You have gone too far. Turn back, please.
T. d.: Well, didn’t you say No. 40?
Going by London taxi 213

R. t.: No, I told you to take me to No. 14.

T. d.: Ah, that’s another pair of shoes. Here we are.
R. t.: What’s your fare?
T. d. (pointing to the meter): 14 pounds 70, it says here.
R. t.: Here is 15 pounds. You can keep the change.
T. d.: Thank you. Good-bye.
R. t.: Good-bye.

Vocabulary notes
to accelerate — ускорять; cp.: pyc. dummy — манекен
акселерат, акселератор to emerge — появляться
among other things — в частности escape — спасение от опасности
another pair of shoes — совсем другое Others had a narrow е. — Другие
дело чудом уцелели.
at any rate — во всяком случае, как fairly — весьма, довольно
бы то ни было She can f. go — Она может развивать
badly — сильно, очень, крайне
неплохую скорость.
brake — тормоз
gear-happy driver — шофёр-лихач
chauffeur [
f] — шофёр легковой
автомашины to get out of the traffic — выбираться из
to collide — сталкиваться; ср.: рус. потока машин
коллизия habit — привычка
crossroads, АЕ intersection — пере- I’ll tell you what — Вот что я вам скажу
крёсток to injure — причинять повреждение,
daunting [dnt] — обескуражи- увечье, вред, боль; syn. to hurt
вающий were badly injured — сильно
day пострадали
the other day — на днях (в про- Jove — Юпитер
шлом); ср.: by J.! — ей-богу!
one of these days — на днях (в буду- to jump a red light, syn. to go through
щем) a (red) light — проехать на красный
disregard — нарушение (правил) свет
to do — зд.: показывать результаты law-abiding — законопослушный
He’s doing well at school. — Он
Let her out a bit. — Немного прибавьте
хорошо учится.
скорость. (Говоря her, пассажир имеет
She could do much better. — Она
в виду машину; в отношении транс-
(машина) могла бы идти намного
быстрее. портных средств обычно употребляют
drink-driving, АЕ: drunk-driving, she и her; водители-женщины часто
drunken-driving — управление употребляют he и him)
машиной в состоянии алкогольного lights — светофор; ср. выше: traffic lights
опьянения if the l. are with us — если мы попа-
drive — зд.: руль дём в «зелёную волну»
left-hand d. — левый руль loss — потеря
right-hand d. — правый руль l. of life — гибель человека
214 Unit 31

Vocabulary notes
massive l. of life — гибель множе- Be s. about it, will you? — Пожалуй-
ства людей ста, поскорее.
to lurk — притаиться speed gun — радар, разг. пушка
the main means of getting about — (speed) ramp, syn (speed/traffic/road)
главное средство передвижения hump, sleeping policeman — «лежачий
to make it by then — успеть к этому полицейский»
времени stretch — отрезок, участок
needle — зд.: стрелка sword [sd] — меч
to pull up a car — остановить машину traffic — движение транспорта
regulations, syn. rules — правила left-hand t. — левостороннее движение
traffic r.; syn. rule of the road, High- right-hand t. — правостороннее
way Code, Traffic Rules — правила движение
дорожного движения t. officer, syn. t. policeman — сотруд-
roadside shrubbery — придорожный ник ГИБДД
кустарник to turn
say — скажем (вводное слово) to turn back — поворачивать обратно
skid — занос машины to turn round the corner — поворачи-
to slam on one’s brakes — нажать на вать за угол
тормоза to witness smth — быть свидетелем чего-л.
snappy — быстрый

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian words,
phrases and sentences:
Это совсем другое дело; Придерживайтесь этой скорости; Другие чудом уцелели;
Сдачи не надо; «Были жертвы?» — «К счастью, нет»; Мы попали в «зелёную волну»;
Сколько с меня?; Безопасность прежде всего; показывая на счётчик; шофёр-лихач;
Поверните обратно; Поднажмите немного; Многие пассажиры серьёзно постра-
дали, и их увезли в больницу; Автобус столкнулся с автомашиной; Не занесёт ли
машину на мокрой дороге?; У меня назначена встреча на 11.30; Она могла бы идти
намного быстрее; Насчёт этого можно не опасаться; управлял машиной в состоя-
нии алкогольного опьянения; Вот что я вам скажу; В России все машины держатся
правой стороны; Пожалуйста, постарайтесь успеть к этому времени; Но спешка
спешкой, а я никогда не проеду на красный свет; Пожалуйста, доставьте меня в
Хай Барнет и поскорее; Во всяком случае, это было нарушение правил дорожного
движения; Как водитель автобуса, так и  водитель легковой машины сильно по-
страдали; законопослушный водитель; Водитель автомашины превысил скорость
и проявил небрежность при повороте за угол; На днях я был свидетелем ужасного
несчастного случая; Могут тормоза нас остановить, прежде чем мы доедем до того
перекрестка?; Вот мы выбираемся из потока машин; Ей-богу, она может развивать
неплохую скорость; Я не могу привыкнуть к вашим правилам дорожного движе-
ния; Если вы едете по правой стороне, то вы едете неправильно, а если по левой, то
правильно; Посмотрим, как она набирает скорость; лишиться водительских прав.
Going by London taxi 215

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) Can the brakes pull us … … this speed? 2) ... any rate; 3) Let her ... a bit. 4) Be snappy
... it. 5) Many passengers were taken ... hospital. 6) No fear ... that. 7) The lights are ...
us. 8) I can’t get used ... your rule ... the road. 9) All vehicles keep ... the left. 10) Please
try to make it ... then. 11) Was there any loss ... life? 12) We are getting … … the traffic.
13) A bus collided ... a motor car. 14) Keep it … … this speed.

Exercise 3. Supply synonyms of these words, phrases and sentences:

Please take me to High Barnet and be quick about it; luckily; traffic regulations; to drive
while under the influence; to stop a car.

Exercise 4. Answer these questions:

1. Why was the tourist in a hurry?
2. What terrible accident did the taxi driver witness?
3. Who was to blame?
4. What happened to the passengers of the bus?
5. What is the difference between the Russian and English rules of the road?
6. What is the opposite of ‘the taxi is busy’?

Exercise 5. Which of these 5 things about motor cars did you know?

DAILY EXPRESS 12.7.2010, p. 26

Five things you never knew about… motor cars


1. The average Briton makes 645 car must walk at least 60 yards ahead of
journeys a year. any car.
2. In Los Angeles, there are more cars 4. Drunken driving first became illegal
than people; in Somalia, there are in 1872.
about 200 times as many camels as 5. A car number plate bearing only the
cars. number ‘1’ sold for a record £7.1 m at
3. The Locomotive Act of 1865 speci- a charity auction in the United Arab
fied that a person carrying a red flag Emirates in February 2008.
216 Unit 31

Exercise 6. Test your knowledge of the UK Highway Code to see if you could pass
a driving test in Britain.

DAILY EXPRESS 4.7. 2007, р. 11

Do you know your Highway Code?

1. A. Warning — cars towing caravans ahead
B. No towed caravans allowed
C. Caravan resting place ahead

2. A. Level crossing without barrier

B. Gate ahead
C. Level crossing

3. A. Holiday route
B. High road
C. Hotel on the right

4. A. Two-way traffic
B. Give way to oncoming vehicles
C. Traffic has priority over oncoming vehicles

5. A. Speed limit is 30mph

B. Minimum speed is 30mph
C. Vehicles should travel at 30mph

6. A. Vehicles may catch fire

B. Emergency vehicles only
C. No vehicles carrying explosives

Exercise 7. In this transcript1, find the English equivalents for скопление автомашин;
образуются пробки; обстановка на дорогах; закрыть движение по часовой
стрелке; нет крупных пробок.

This is Radio Solent Travel News

Queues are building on M27 near Ower, but no major delays reported between South-
ampton and Portsmouth. There is a  car congestion on A337 near Lyndhurst, M25 is
closed clockwise.
transcript — зд.: текст радиопередачи
Going by London taxi 217

Exercise 8. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary).


On the whole, the English are well- even if there are no pedestrians in sight.
behaved on the roads. They use their If there are any, they screech to a  halt
horns sparingly and often let other and wait patiently for them to cross.
drivers in ahead of them. This comes as a  surprise to foreigners
Punctilious in their observation of who are used to blessing themselves
traffic signs, they will wait at traffic- on the kerb before scuttling across the
light-controlled pedestrian crossings road like rabbits.

Now answer these questions:

1. How do the English behave on the roads (as a rule)?
2. How do foreigners take it?

DAILY EXPRESS 15.8.2011, p. 25

Huge rise in amber gamblers

MOST drivers flout the law at traffic say they have driven through an amber
lights, ignoring the risk of a serious ac- signal.
cident, according to a survey. Thirty-five per cent of all drivers
As many as 85 per cent admit “am- don’t know it is an offence and 16 per
ber gambling” — trying to race through cent regard amber as green.
lights about to turn red. Thirteen per cent of drivers say their
Frighteningly, among the least- recklessness has resulted in an accident
experienced 17-year-olds, 88 per cent or a near miss.

Answer these questions:

1. What colour traffic lights are there besides red and green?
2. What do most drivers do when they see traffic lights turn to amber?
3. Why do they do that?
4. What has their recklessness resulted in?
218 Unit 31

THE SUNDAY TELEGRAPH 31.7.2011, p. 6

Organ decision for new drivers

All new drivers will be forced to choose whether they wish their organs to be do-
nated, under rules to be introduced tomorrow.

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 23.7.2011, p. 6

Careless driver who caused death avoids jail

Yasmin Madigan, 46, who had four speeding convictions, pulled into the path of Mi-
chael Selwood’s Audi A3 when she tried to overtake a lorry. Mr Selwood, 47, was in
a collision with an oncoming car and died in hospital from his injuries. Madigan was
given a six-month jail term suspended for 18 months. Michael Marks, a magistrate
at Barnsley, said they did not want to “destroy another family”.

Now answer these questions:

1. Why do you think did the organ donation problem arise for drivers?
2. Who died in a car accident?
3. How did that happen?
4. Why wasn’t Mr. Madigan jailed?
Exercise 9. Here are a Driving Licence and a Counterpart Driving Licence. Read and
translate them (use a dictionary where necessary). What do they have in common with
a Russian Driving Licence and where do they differ? In your answers, use the syntactic
patterns listed in Exercise 5, Unit 25 (Moscow and London public transport compared).
Going by London taxi 219


Keep this safe
Counterpart Driving Licence E 3135469
Important Document — The photocard and paper counterpart should be kept together. Both must be produced when required.

33 STANHOPE AVENUE 070481670154
FINCHLEY 0391505300
N3 3LX Driver number Issue number
304211 D99GX 84A

Entitlement History
Provisional Entitiement (see booklet INS57P for category details) (see Section 3 overleaf)
Category From Until Codes Category From Until Codes Category From Codes

A 21 07 76 21 07 76
GH 20 04 10 20 04 10

Endorsements (as supplied by convicting Court) See booklet INSS7P for offence codes
Convicting Date of conviction Offence Date of offence Fine Disqual. Penalty
Court code Day Month Year code Day Month Year £ period points

NOTE: < means “earlier than”

You may only drive the above if
you hold current entitlement for
a higher category.

Official Use

Changes to your permanent address, please write clearly in the boxes using CAPITAL LETTERS IN BLACK INK. (See Section 5 overleaf)
New house No. New Post Code

New address

This document must not be used for change of name. For change of name please refer to the D1, which can be obtained
from Post Office® branches.
Send the completed form with your photocard licence to DVLA, Swansea, SA991BN
Sign in
the white box Date An executive agency
to confirm changes of the Department for
1/05 Transport
E 3135469
220 Unit 31

THIS DOCUMENT is the Counterpart as defined in 2 Motorcyclists — special conditions

the Road Traffic Act. It is an important document At age 17 or over, motorcyclists are restricted to motorcycles up to
and should be kept safely. Please read the en- 25kW and with a power/weight ratio not exceeding 0.16kW/kg,
closed booklet INS57P “Driving Licence Informa- for two years (not counting any period of disqualification) after
tion” which contains further explanatory notes obtaining the full standard category A licence. After 2 years any
regarding entitlements, endorsement codes etc. size motorcycle can be ridden. If you hold a full category A licence
The photocard and paper counterpart should be and reach the age of 21 before the two year qualifying period ends,
kept together. Both must be produced when re- you may opt to take a further test on a motorcycle with a power
quired. output of at least 35kW (46.6bhp) to gain immediate access to
all motorcycles. Full motorcycle licence holders have entitlement
IMPORTANT — Check Your Documents to tow trailers providing they comply with Construction and Use
Please check the details shown on your licence and counterpart. Regulations 1986.
The address which appears on your licence is the Post Office pre- 3 Entitlement History
ferred format and may not be identical to the address given on your ion contains details of any previous entitlement held which super-
application form. If anything is wrong, return both your licence and seded by a higher category.
counterpart to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1BN with a letter telling us
about the mistakes. 4 Minimum ages for driving
Keep a separate note of your driver number so that you can quote These notes are intended only as a general guide. For precise in-
it if you have to contact Customer Enquiries (Drivers), DVLA. formation about minimum ages and an explanation of the vehicle
Please ring between 8.00am and 8.30pm Monday to Friday and categories, please refer to the enclosed booklet INS57P which ac-
8.00am to 5.30pm on Saturday. companied your licence, or leaflet D100 obtainable from Post Of-
Tel: 0870 240 0009 for Driving Licence enquiries fice® branches.
0870 240 0010 for Vehicle enquiries At 16 Categories K,P
Minicom users only: At 17 Categories Al, A, Bl, В, B+E, F
Tel: 01792 766366 for Driving Licence enquiries At 18 Categories Cl
01792 766426 for Vehicle enquiries At 21 Categories G, H, Cl+E, С, C+E, Dl, Dl+E, D, D+E
1 Provisional Licence — restrictions/conditions The age limits above may not apply to drivers of vehicles used for
military purposes.
Before driving as a provisional licence holder please read this
section and also the notes covering the conditions/restrictions 5 Changes to name, permanent address and health
in the booklet INS57P which accompanied your licence. You must tell DVLA at once of any change to your permanent
When using a provisional licence you: address, using the section provided overleaf. You need only no-
– must tify a change of address in GB. An address outside GB can-
• carry L plates (D or L plates in Wales) which are clearly visible not be entered on your licence. If your surname or forenames
from the front and back of the vehicle; have changed, you will need to complete the appropriate sections
• be accompanied by a supervisor who is age 21 or over and: on the Dl application form available from Post Office branches.
– for ordinary motorcar purposes has been the holder of a full In all cases both your photocard licence and this paper coun-
licence for at least 3 years: terpart must be returned to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1BN.
– for LGV/PCV learner drivers, be accompanied by a full LGV/PCV Please remember also to change your address on any Vehicle Reg-
licence holder who has held the same class of entitlement as istration Documents (V5 or V5C) that you possess.
the person being supervised for at least 3 years. If you have a  medical condition which has become worse since
must not this licence/counterpart was issued or you develop any new condi-
• ride a solo moped or motorcycle on the road without completing tion you must w iile and inform the Drivers Medical Branch, DVLA,
Compulsory Basic Training; Swansea, SA99 ITU of the nature of your condition, as it may affect
• ride a motorcycle over 125cc (llkW/14.6bhp) as a learner unless your fitness to drive. The medical rules for driving are outlined in
you are age 21 or over and are supervised by a certified Direct the booklet 1NS57P which accompanied your licence.
Access instructor;
• carry a pillion passenger; Failure to notify any changes as described above is a crimi-
• drive or ride a vehicle to which a trailer is attached unless it is an nal offence, punishable by a fine up to £1000.
agricultural tractor or an articulated vehicle; A deceased person’s driving licence and counterpart document
• drive an agricultural tractor on a road at age 16 unless you are must be returned to DVLA, Swansea, SA99 1AB with a  covering
going to, taking, or returning from a driving test. letter.
If you use another name for professional or other purposes, please print name in the box provided and provide specimen signature.
Print name Signature
Going by London taxi 221

Exercise 10. Find in the above photocard1 and in the counterpart the English equiva-
lents of the following Russian words and phrases:
лишение прав на срок; категория транспортного средства; дата выдачи; умерший
человек; транспортное средство; штраф; заполненный бланк; инструктор; нару-
шения; суд; срок действия прав; образец подписи; признание виновным; действи-
тельно до; шифр нарушения; штрафные баллы.
Now answer these questions:
1. What is the holder’s first name?
2. How old is he?
3. Where was he born?
4. When did he get his first driving licence (“From”)?
5. What is the expiry date of the present licence (“Until”)?
6. What authority was it issued by?
7. What is its address?
8. What is the holder’s address?
9. What is his postcode?
10. How many motoring offences (“endorsements”) did he get?
11. What are the dos and don’ts if you are a provisional licence holder [LGV=larger goods vehi-
cle (грузовая автомашина); PCV=passenger carrying vehicle (легковая автомашина)]?
12. What are special conditions for motorcyclists?
13. What is the driver supposed to do if his medical condition has become worse?
14. What if he or she fails to do that?
15. What is the short for a learner’s plate?
16. What must be a supervisor’s age?
Exercise 11. Besides hit-and-run accidents, there are prang-and-run ones. Find out
from this clipping where they differ.

DAILY MIRROR 2.8.2005, p. 30

13M prang
and runs

AT least 13 million drivers in the UK are guilty of bumping their car into another
vehicle and driving off, a study reveals.
Only seven per cent of the 1,000 drivers asked in the study said they went back
because they felt guilty. Prang and run accidents are common.

Exercise 12. This is how a British court may penalise an offending driver. Read and
translate this code (use a dictionary where necessary). How does it compare with ours?
photocard — удостоверение с фотокарточкой
222 Unit 31

ENDORSEMENT OFFENCE CODES DR60 Failure to provide a specimen for alcohol analysis in
circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive ... 10
The following is a guide to the number of penalty points a court DR61 Failure to provide a specimen for drug analysis in
may impose, it does not reflect the fact that some offences may circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive .... 10
incur a disqualification. These codes are recorded on licences from DR70 Failing to provide specimen for breath test ....................... 4
information supplied by the courts  — any queries about them DR80 Driving or attempting to drive when unfit through drugs ... 3–11
should be addressed to the courts which imposed them. DR90 In charge of a vehicle when unfit through drugs............... 0
Insurance Offences
Code Accident Offences Penalty I N10 Using a vehicle uninsured against third party risks ...... 6–8
Points Licence Offences
AC10 Failing to stop after an accident ................................ 5–10 LC20 Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence ....3–6
AC20 Failing to give particulars or to report LC30 Driving after making a false declaration about fitness
an accident within 24 hours ...................................... 5–10 when applying for a licence ...........................................3-6
AC30 Undefined accident offences ....................................... 4–9 LC40 Driving a vehicle having failed to notify a disability ......3–6
Disqualified Driver LC50 Driving after a licence has been revoked or refused on
BA10 Driving while disqualified by order of court ..................... 6 medical grounds ...........................................................3–6
BA30 Attempting to drive while disqualified by order of court .. 6 Miscellaneous Offences
Careless Driving MS10 Leaving a vehicle in a dangerous position ......................... 3
CD10 Driving without due care and attention ....................... 3–9 MS20 Unlawful pillion riding ...................................................... 3
CD20 Driving without reasonable consideration for other road users . 3–9 MS30 Play street offences ........................................................... 2
CD30 Driving without due care and attention or without MS50 Motor racing on the highway .....................................3–11
reasonable consideration for other road users ............ 3–9 MS60 Offences not covered by other codes as appropriate
CD40 Causing death through careless driving when MS70 Driving with uncorrected defective eyesight .................... 3
unfit through drink .................................................... 3–11 MS80 Refusing to submit to an eyesight test ............................. 3
CD50 Causing death by careless driving when unfit through MS90 Failure to give information as to identity of driver etc ....... 3
drugs. ............................................................................. 11 Motorway Offences
CD60 Causing death by careless driving with alcohol MW10 Contravention of Special Roads Regulations
level above the limit .................................................. 3–11 (excluding speed limits).................................................... 3
CD70 Causing death by careless driving then failing Pedestrian Crossings
to supply a specimen for alcohol analysis ...................3–11 PC10 Undefined Contravention of Pedestrian Crossing Regulations .. 3
CD71 Causing death by careless driving then failing PC20 Contravention of Pedestrian Crossing Regulations
to supply a specimen for drug analysis ...................... 3–11 with moving vehicle ......................................................... 3
Construction & Use Offences PC30 Contravention of Pedestrian Crossing Regulations
CU10 Using a vehicle with defective brakes ............................... 3 with stationary vehicle ..................................................... 3
CU20 Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of use Speed Limits
of unsuitable vehicle or using a vehicle with parts SP10 Exceeding goods vehicle speed limits ...........................3–6
or accessories (excluding brakes, steering or tyres), SP20 Exceeding speed limit for type of vehicle
in a dangerous condition ................................................. 3 (excluding goods or passenger vehicles) .......................3–6
CU30 Using a vehicle with defective tyre(s) ............................... 3 SP30 Exceeding statutory speed limit on a public road ..........3–6
CU40 Using a vehicle with defective steering ............................ 3 SP40 Exceeding passenger vehicle speed limit ......................3–6
CU50 Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of load SP50 Exceeding speed limit on a motorway ..........................3–6
or passengers ..................................................................... 3 SP60 Undefined speed limit offence .....................................3–6
CU80 Breach of requirements as to control of the vehicle, Traffic Direction and Signs
mobile telephones etc ..................................................... 3 TS10 Failing to comply with traffic light signals ....................... 3
Reckless/Dangerous Driving TS20 Failing to comply with double white lines ........................ 3
DD40 Dangerous Driving .....................................................3–11 TS30 Failing to comply with a ‘Stop’ sign ................................... 3
DD60 Manslaughter or culpable homicide while driving TS40 Failing to comply with direction of a constable/warden ... 3
a vehicle......................................................................3–11 TS50 Failing to comply with a traffic sign (excluding ‘stop’,
DD80 Causing death by dangerous driving ..........................3–11 signs traffic lights or double white lines) .......................... 3
Drink or Drugs TS60 Failing to comply with a school crossing patrol sign ......... 3
DR10 Driving or attempting to drive with alcohol level TS70 Undefined failure to comply with a traffic direction sign .... 3
above limit .................................................................3–11 Special Code
DR20 Driving or attempting to drive while unfit through TT99 To signify a disqualification under ‘totting up’ procedure.
drink ..........................................................................3–11 If the total of penalty points reaches 12 or more within
DR30 Driving or attempting to drive then failing to supply 3 years, the driver is liable to be disqualified.
a specimen for alcohol analysis ..................................3–11 N.B. (The individual offences which lead to this
DR31 Driving or attempting to drive then failing to supply disqualification are removed from both the drivers record
a specimen for drug analysis ..................................... 3–11 and driving licence upon issue of a new driving licence).
DR40 In charge of a vehicle while alcohol level above limit ..... 10 Theft or Unauthorised Taking
DR50 In charge of a vehicle while unfit through drink ............. 10 UT50 Aggravated taking of a vehicle....................................3–11
Going by London taxi 223

Aiding, Abetting, Counselling or Procuring period) DVLA will automatically revoke your licence on
Offences as coded on pages 16–17, but with 0 changed being notified by a court or fixed penalty office. You will
to 2 eg. LC10 becomes LC12 then have to~surrender your full licence and obtain a new
Causing or permitting provisional licence, drive as a learner, pass the theory and
Offences as coded, but with 0 changed to 4 eg. practical test again in order to regain your full driving li-
LC10 becomes LC14 cence.
Inciting There is no appeal against such automatic revocation. The only ap-
Offences as coded, but with 0 changed to 6 eg. DD40 becomes DD46 peal available is against the conviction for which the penalty points
Periods of time were awarded; the court will be able to advise you on the process
Periods of time are signified as follows: D=Days, if you believe you have a case. If you do make such an appeal, once
M=Months,Y=Years the court notifies DVLA the revocation will be suspended until the
Endorsements remain on a counterpart document for: outcome of the appeal.
• 11 years from date of conviction for offences relating to drink/ If you accept a Fixed Penalty Notice you cannot appeal.
drugs and driving, causing death by careless driving whilst under Penalty points counting towards the total of 6 include any you
the influence of drink/drugs and causing death by careless driv- incurred before passing the test, as long as the offence took place
ing then failing to provide a specimen for analysis not more than 3 years before the latest penalty point offence.
• 4 years from date of conviction for reckless/dangerous driving Points imposed after the probationary period will also count if
and offences resulting in disqualification the offence was committed during that period.
• 4 years from the date of offence in all other cases. Passing the retest will not remove the penalty points from
your licence, and if the total reaches 12, you are liable to be
At the appropriate time, you can apply to remove your disqualified by a court.
endorsement(s) from your counterpart by completing a D1 applica-
tion form available for order from www.direct.gov.uk/motoring
or from Post Office® branches. Short Period Disqualification (SPD)
(The photocard and counterpart should also be returned). If you are disqualified for less than 56 days, the court will stamp
your counterpart document and give it back to you.
The Road Traffic (New Drivers) Act 1995 The stamp will tell you how long you are disqualified for.
This Act will affect you if you first passed a driving test on You do not need to renew your licence when the Short Period Dis-
or after 1 June 1997. If you reach 6 or more penalty points qualification ends. Your driving entitlement becomes valid again
within two years of passing that test (the probationary the day after the expiry of the disqualification.

Exercise 13. Read and translate this clipping about consequences1 of an accident
(use a dictionary where necessary). Find here the answers to these questions:
1) Where did the accident happen?
2) When?
3) What measures were taken?
4) With what consequence?
5) How many people were injured?

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 29.7.2010, p. 2

Miles of tailbacks after M25 crash

Thousands of motorists were delayed Surrey. M23 slip roads were also shut,
for hours yesterday when a  minibus causing miles of tailbacks.
overturned on the M25 at the begin- Three passengers in an easyBus
ning of the evening rush hour. were taken to hospital, one with seri-
The clockwise carriageway was ous leg injuries.
closed between junctions 7 and 8 in

consequence — последствие
224 Unit 31

Exercise 14. This news item deals with the subject of speeding. Read and translate it
(use a dictionary where necessary). Find here the answers to these questions:
1. What is £80k?
2. What was the fine1?
3. When was it to be paid?

METRO 26.5. 2005, p. 11

Speeding Rio (£80k a week) fined £1,500

RIO FERDINAND was warned yesterday Ferdinand’s lawyer Barry Warbur-
that he is a bad role model for young- ton told the court in Newcastle-under-
sters after he was banned from driving Lyme: ‘It was early on a Sunday morn-
for speeding at 105mph. ing, there was very little traffic on the
The £30million Manchester United motorway, the weather conditions
and England footballer — said to earn were fine and visibility was good.’
£80,000 a week — was disqualified for He added: ‘I don’t plan to go into
28 days and fined £1,500. The maxi- detail about his finances but I  can say
mum penalty for speeding on a motor- the fine can be paid within seven days.’
way is £2,500.

Exercise 15. In the dialogue below, find the answers to these questions:
1. Why did the pedestrian ask for a lift2?
2. What tip did the motorist give him?
3. What did the pedestrian think of it?
4. Why did the motorist glare3 at the pedestrian and drive off4 without a word?
Pedestrian (to motorist stopping at traffic lights): Could you give me a lift to Christch-
urch? It’s Sunday and buses are few and far between5.
Motorist (pointing ahead): See that phone booth? Go and call a taxi.
Pedestrian: Thanks for the tip. If it were raining now, you would give me the address of
a shop where they sell umbrellas, wouldn’t you?
(Motorist glares at pedestrian and drives off without a word.)
fine — штраф; ср. выше: to fine — штрафовать
to ask for a lift — просить подвезти
to glare — смотреть злобно
to drive off — уезжать
few and far between — крайне редки
Going by London taxi 225

Exercise 16. This is what sometimes happens to gear-happy drivers. Read the speed-
ing tickets (квитанции на оплату штрафа за превышение скорости) below (use
a  dictionary where necessary). Find there the answers to these questions: 1) What
office sent the tickets? 2) Who was the addressee? 3) What was he accused of? 4) What
was he threatened with? 5) What alternative was he offered?


Chief Constable
WINFRITH, DORCHESTER, DT2 8DZ Your reference 2423154
In any reference please quote
Telephone (01305) 223889/223807 Telex 417157
Date 4/04/98
Facsimile 01305 223814




In accordance with Section 1, Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988, notice is hereby given that
proceedings are contemplated against the driver of motor vehicle registration number
D247PPR for an alleged offence of EXCESS SPEED 30MPH LIMIT 27 / 03 / 98 AT 17.22 at


*(1) You are recorded as the registered keeper of the above mentioned vehicle at the
time of the alleged offence and you are required to provide the full names and
address of the driver at the time of the alleged offence.
*(2) You have been named as the driver of the vehicle at the time of the alleged of-
fence. If this is so, you are required to provide your full name and address. If you
were not the driver at the time of the alleged offence, you are required to give
any information in your power which may lead to the driver’s identification.
Officer in Charge, Central Ticket Office
Authorised Officer For
and Behalf Of Chief Constable
*Delete as appropriate
226 Unit 31

Rev 10/95


1. Sections 75 to 77 of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (as amended) provide that
where there is sufficient evidence to justify the commencement of criminal proceedings
for certain offences, and no fixed penalty has already been issued, then a conditional
offer of a fixed penalty may be made instead of prosecution. If you can fulfil the con-
ditions of such an offer you are discharged from liability to conviction of the offence
and no proceedings will be instituted against you. If, however, you do not meet those
conditions you will remain liable to conviction of the offence and proceedings will be
commenced against you.

The Conditions of This Offer of Fixed Penalty

2. To meet the conditions of this offer you must not have more than eight penalty points
endorsed on your licence and you must pay the fixed penalty of £40.00 and deliver your
licence and its counterpart* as indicated below within the 28 day period of this notice.

The Procedure

3. To have your case considered for a fixed penalty you must within 28 days of this notice
send the fixed penalty of £40.00 with your licence and its counterpart* to the Fixed Pen-
alty Clerk whose address is given overleaf.

4. The Fixed Penalty Clerk will inspect your licence to satisfy himself about the require-
ments given in paragraph 2 above, your licence will be endorsed with three penalty
points, returned to you and your liability to be convicted of the offence will be dis-

5. If you do NOT fulfil the requirements in paragraph 2 above, your licence, its counterpart*
and the Fixed Penalty paid will be returned to you. Proceedings for the offence will then
be commenced against you.

How to Pay

6. You must pay the full amount. Payment by instalments is not accepted. You must pay by
cheque, postal order, cash or credit card. If you send cash please use the Registered Post.
Please cross cheques/postal orders and make them payable to the Clerk to the Justices.
For payment by credit card, please telephone (01202) 711844.

* Ignore this reference to counterpart if your licence came into force before 1 June 1990.
Going by London taxi 227


Chief Constable
WINFRITH, DORCHESTER, DT2 8DZ Your reference 2423154
Telephone (01305) 223889/223807 Telex 417157 In any reference please quote
Facsimile 01305 223814 Date 17/04/98




We have evidence that you were the driver of vehicle D247PPR at the time of the alleged
offence of EXCESS SPEED 30MPH LIMIT on 27/03/98 at 17.22 hours,
contrary to SEC.89 (1) ROAD TRAFFIC REGULATION ACT 1984 The allegation is supported by
photographic evidence.
The offence carries a maximum penalty of £400.
If it is your wish to contest this allegation in court you may do so. If you do NOT wish to
contest the matter then it MAY be possible to deal with it by a fixed penalty of £40 and
the endorsement of 3 penalty points on your licence, by post without the need for court
If you wish to be considered for a fixed penalty please read the instructions overleaf and
UP THIS CONDITIONAL OFFER. No proceedings will be instituted against you during that
period, but failure to respond to this notice within that period will lead to proceedings. In
those circumstances you will have an opportunity to have a court hearing of the issue.

pp Officer in Charge *NB (if applicable)
Central Ticket Office The speed referred to is
in miles per hour (mph).


Exercise 17. These are a  court’s decision to fine a  driver £20 and a  receipt for the
said sum. Read and translate them (use a dictionary where necessary). Find the an-
swers to these questions: 1) What was the driver’s name? 2) How old was he at the
time? 3) What was he fined for? 4) What court heard the case? 5) When was the court’s
decision taken? 6) When and where was the fine paid? 7) Now many penalty points
(штрафные баллы) were imposed?


Unit 31

Bal. O/S Date Paid Amount Receipt


D. M. Y. Received No.

20 — J. Ferris 17 2658 11 7 85 20 — 211387
The amount stated hereon as “Amount Received”
Alfred Gilbert&Sons Ltd.
For Clerk to the Justices AG-00033-82 Nw9 6NU IRV.F3/C2. Form 9

TO: John Ferris SOUTHAMPTON Date of Decision Case No

Dibden Monor, MAGISTRATES’ COURT (1775) 3.7.85 12|2658
X Denotes Driving Licence Endorsed with Penalty Date
Southampton SOU STD of Birth 23.8.28
Points and forwarded to the DVLC. The number (fol-
lowing X  is the number of Penalty Points imposed. Address for Payment
All enquiries regarding your licence should be ad-
dressed to the Driver Enquiry Unit, DVLC, Swansea The Clerk to the Justices
SA6 7JL quoting your full name and date of birth. Fines&Fees Department
51–59 Commercial Road
X Offence of Charge 16.5.85 Compensation Costs Fines/Fees Legal Aid Southampton S09 3TL
To be paid by Telephone: SOUTHAMPTON 35911
X3 20 —
7 days
Office Hours:
TOTAL AMOUNT DUE Monday to Friday
10.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m.
TOTAL 20 — 20 —
You nave been ordered to pay the sums shown above, on the terms shown.
FERRI 208238 Payment may be made personally or by post at the address shown.
Crossed Cheques and Postal Orders should be made payable to the Justices Clerk .
J99WM Cash should not be sent in unregistered envelopes.
F. Any communication sent by post must be properly stamped. If a receipt is required, a stamped addressed envelope must
be sent with payment.
Endorsed + returned Failure to pay in accordance with the above directions may result in a distress warrant being issued against you or a warrant
for your arrest unless you have been granted further time for payment; Application for further time for payment may be
to your solicitor made in writing to the Justices’ Cleric stating the grounds for the application.
Going by London taxi 229

Exercise 18. The same accident was reported by two newspapers. Read and translate
both clippings (use a dictionary where necessary). What details reported by the Sun-
day Mirror were overlooked by the Sunday Express?

SUNDAY MIRROR 29.7.2007, p. 8

tot dies

By Fiona James

A THREE-YEAR-OLD boy died in hos- “We have spoken to the driver and
pital yesterday after he was knocked we are making further inquiries.
down by a hit-and-run driver. “I am not able to confirm what ac-
The toddler was taken to hospital tions we are taking in respect of the
after he was hit by a Peugeot 307 in the driver at this time.” He added: “We are
St Mellon’s area of Cardiff. The driver appealing for witnesses.” The boy, who
sped off and the car was later found has not yet been named, was believed
a few miles away. to have been with two other children of
Inspector Chris Daniel of South a similar age when the crash happened.
Wales Police said:

SUNDAY EXPRESS 29.7.2007, p. 40

Hit-run toddler dies

A three-year-old boy was playing out- The boy was hit by a  blue Peuge-
side his home when he was hit by ot 307 in St Mellons, Cardiff. The car
a passing car which failed to stop. was later found abandoned three
Police said the child, who has not miles away in Roath. Forensic experts
been named, died in hospital, surround- were yesterday examining the vehi-
ed by his family. Two youngsters he had cle.
been playing with were unharmed.
230 Unit 31

Exercise 19. These clippings are about drink-driving. After reading and translating
them answer these questions:
1. How many children were orphaned1?
2. What will the drink-driver be sentenced2 for?
3. What is a b test?
4. What did the Liberal-Democrat transport spokesman3 say?

THE SUN 10.8.2005, p. 17

Boozer’s killer car

A DRUNK-driver who flung a  mum-of- EIGHT kids and two women to “show
three to her death at a charity bash was off ”.
facing ten years in jail yesterday. Clayton, of Royton, Oldham, will
Delwyn Clayton, 42, was twice the be sentenced next month for causing
legal limit when he got into a VW Pas- death by careless driving.
sat, which had no roof or seatbelts, with

DAILY MIRROR 31.7.2005, p. 37

30% Fewer В tests

by PAUL GlLFEATHER Political Editor

POLICE chiefs have been accused of lar speeding motorists, drink-drivers go
going easy on drink-drivers after new free.
figures showed a 30 per cent fall in the He said: “Drink-driving awareness
number of roadside breath tests. campaigns are all well and good but
Lib-Dem transport spokesman Tom they must be backed up by action.”
Brake said that while cameras help col-

to orphan — делать сиротой
to sentence — приговаривать (судом)
spokesman — представитель, выступающий от имени группы или организации
Going by London taxi 231

After reading this clipping, answer the question:

What disturbing trend1 has been recorded? What figures prove that?

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 2.8.2011, p. 2

Drink driving on rise among under-25s

Drink driving is increasing among un- a  breath test has risen by 15 per cent
der-25s, show figures released by the since last summer. The proportion of
police. motorists of all ages who either refused
The proportion of young drivers ei- to take a  test or tested positive was
ther testing positive or refusing to take more than eight per cent up on 2009.

Exercise 20. Besides drink-driving (Exercise 19), there is such a crime as drug-driving2.
There, instead of breath-analysing, suspected drug-drivers have to stand for 30 sec-
onds with their head raised, walk a strait line and touch their nose with one movement.
Read and translate this clipping about drug-driving (use a dictionary where necessary)
to find out how George Michael became a drug-driver and how he was punished.

DAILY MAIL 9.6.2007, p. 9

Michael’s singing lesson penalty

By Brian Farmer
GEORGE Michael could give singing The singer’s solicitor, Brian Spiro,
lessons in youth clubs as part of his sen- told the court that Michael had taken
tence for drug-driving. a  sleeping pill to counter insomnia,
The singer escaped jail when he ap- but decided to drive from his Highgate
peared in court yesterday but was given home to his house in Hampstead to
100 hours’ community service after ad- watch a DVD of his latest concert.
mitting driving while unfit through drugs. District Judge Katherine Marshall
Police found the car stopped at traffic also gave the singer, who appeared un-
lights with Michael slumped at the wheel. der his real name of George Panayiotou,
Blood tests showed a  cocktail of an immediate two-year driving ban and
drugs including an antidepressant,
ordered him to pay £2,325 costs.
sleeping pill, cannabis and the illegal
dance club drug GHB.

trend — тенденция, тренд
drug-driving — управление автомашиной в состоянии наркотического опьянения
232 Unit 31

Exercise 21. George Michael seems to be incorrigible1. Hardly has his two-year driv-
ing ban ended when he resumed2 his drug-driving. Read this clipping and suggest
what should be done. Will five years’ jail help?

DAILY EXPRESS 13.8.2010, p. 7

George Michael faces five years’ jail

on drug and driving charges

By Mark Reynolds

TROUBLED pop star George Michael from a Gay Pride event, then climbed
was yesterday charged with possessing out of his 4x4 and waited for police to
cannabis and driving while under the arrive.
influence of drink or drugs. The former Wham! star was not
If convicted, he could be jailed for breathalysed, insisting to officers he
up to five years. had not been drinking. However, he
Michael, 47, was arrested near his was later tested for drugs at a  north
home in Hampstead, north London, in London police station.
the early hours of July 4 after a crash in No drugs were recovered from the
which he drove into a shop front. car.
He was charged yesterday morning The incident is the seventh time
when he went to answer bail at a police that Michael, who has previously ad-
station in Camden. mitted being a cannabis user, has been
Michael, whose real name is Geor- investigated by police for his driving.
gios Panayiotou, was released again He was banned for two years in 2007
on bail and will appear in court next and sentenced to 100 hours of com-
month. munity service after admitting driv-
The singer is understood to have ing while unfit due to drugs. In 2008
been caught on CCTV mounting a kerb he also apologised to fans after being
in his Range Rover before ploughing cautioned by police for possessing
into a  branch of Snappy Snaps. The drugs. He promised then to “sort him-
shocked singer, who was returning self out”.

incorrigible [nkrd bl] — неисправим
to resume — возобновлять
Going by London taxi 233

Exercise 22. The same fact may be presented in different ways by different papers.
Here are two such facts reported by the Daily Mirror and The Sun. Whose presentation
do you like better and why?

DAILY MIRROR 20.8.2005, p. 11

Law and udder THE SUN 21.8.2005, p.30

Don’t moove
A COW has been put in prison after it
was blamed for a road accident with
a motorcycle in Giron, Colombia.
A COW has been “arrested” and
jailed in Giron, Colombia, after be-
ing blamed for a  road accident in
which a woman was injured.

DAILY MIRROR 10.8.2005, p. 24

Tom, 100, drives on

THE SUN 10.8.2005, p. 19

TOM Soulby, stripped of his licence Tom’s U-turn

on his 100th birthday, is back driving
after convincing the DVLA and his
doctor he is fit. A DRIVER stripped of his licence on
Tom, who has an 82-year un- becoming 100 was given it back yes-
blemished record, lost his licence terday after a surprise U-turn.
last month after a mild heart attack. Tom Soulby  — who has an 82-
He appealed and the DVLA gave year unblemished record  — con-
it back after a medical assessment. vinced the DVLA he IS fit to drive.
His licence was taken away for
medical reasons. But now he has
been given a  clean bill of health
and allowed back in his B-reg Austin
234 Unit 31

Vocabulary notes
to appeal — апеллировать fit — годен, пригоден, здоров
assessment — оценка, проверка, зд.: grave — могила
освидетельствование heart attack — сердечный приступ
bill — счёт, законопроект; AE банкнота licence — зд.: водительские права
to give smb a clean bill of health — to strip smb of their l. — лишать
признать кого-л. здоровым кого-л. водительских прав
B-reg Austin Metro — название марки moove = moo (мычание) + move
автомашины motorcycle — мотоцикл
Colombia — Колумбия surpise a — неожиданный
delight — восторг udder — вымя (вместо order — порядок)
to drive on — продолжать оставаться unblemished record — безупречный
водителем водительский стаж
DVLA = Driver and Vehicle Licensing U-turn — поворот на 180 градусов,
Authority — Госавтоинспекция пересмотр решения

Exercise 23. This clipping is dealing with hitch-hiking1. Find in it the answers to these
1. How many drivers are likely stop when you try to thumb a lift2?
2. How widespread3 is hitch-hiking nowadays4?
3. What contributed to its decline5?

DAILY EXPRESS 8.8.2011, p. 23

Thumbs down if you hitch a lift now

HITCHHIKING seems to have reached AA president Edmund King, himself

the end of the road, with less than 10 a former hitchhiker, said: “Drivers have
per cent of drivers likely to stop. given the practice the thumbs down.
Just one per cent of drivers have “Perhaps cheaper coach travel,
hitched themselves in the past year — growth in car ownership, online lift-
and only one per cent said they were sharing sites and safety fears have all
“very likely” to stop for someone. contributed to its decline.”

hitch-hiking — путешествие автостопом (т.е. на попутных машинах)
to thumb [m] a lift — «голосовать» на дороге, thumbs down — отказ
widespread — (широко) распространённый
nowadays — в наше время
decline — упадок
Going by London taxi 235

Exercise 24. Read these clippings. Their authors think that accidents may be caused
by music, drinks, snacks, mobiles, cosmetics, distraction1 from a backseat driver2 or
even by the driver being a woman. Which of these interpretations do you share and
which you don’t and why?

DAILY EXPRESS 16.8.2011, p. 9

Ban for two-phone driver

By John Chapman

A DRIVER caught using two mobile Norwich magistrates found Seeker

phones on a 70mph limit road was guilty in his absence last month of driv-
banned for 12 months yesterday. ing with no insurance, using a  mobile
David Seeker, 34, was pulled over phone while driving and not being in
by police after they spotted him on proper control of a vehicle.
a phone held with his right hand while He was also fined £150 and given
holding another phone in his left hand. 14 penalty points on his licence.
He made them wait until he had fin-
ished speaking.

DAILY MAIL 22.6.2011, p. 11

Passengers drive us to distraction

ONE in seven motorists say they Drivers of both sexes admit they are
have been involved in an accident even reduced to tears by comments
or near-miss caused by a  distraction from passengers.
from a ‘backseat driver’, a  study reve- But it’s men who are most likely to
als. take their eyes off the road to chat to
Partners are cited as the worst cul- others in the car.
prits for backseat comments, and wom- The survey of 1,000 motorists, com-
en are revealed as being most likely missioned by Esure Car Insurance,
to get angry at criticism of their dri- found they are 60 per cent more likely
ving. to have a  serious crash if driving with

distraction — отвлечение
backseat driver — пассажир на заднем сиденье
236 Unit 31

DAILY EXPRESS 19.7.2011, p. 5

Mobiles and lipstick distract drivers

By Tom Morgan
EIGHT in 10 motorists put lives at risk by or taking calls on a  hand-held mobile
getting distracted behind the wheel, phone while driving.
a survey has revealed. Among the under-35 age group,
Music, mobile phones, cosmetics, 36 per cent confessed to sending texts
snacks and drinks are all common caus- at the wheel — and two per cent said
es of drivers losing their concentration, they looked at Facebook while driving.
researchers found. Five per cent admitted apply-
Music is the single biggest cause ing perfume or make-up in the mir-
and 61 per cent admit that they get dis- ror and 15 per cent said they did not
tracted while changing CDs, music on wear a  seatbelt. Drivers in Northern
their iPod or stations on the radio. Ireland and the North-west of England
Half say snacks and drinks are to were most likely to lose concentration,
blame and 23 per cent admit making the survey for price comparison site
moneysupermarket.com found.

DAILY STAR 31.7.2011, p. 17

Scientists who studied 6.5 million car crashes found a far higher number of shunts
between women drivers than expected. Their info shows women struggle with
crossroads, T-junctions and slip roads. Facts cannot be sexist. Women cannot drive.

Exercise 25. Read these 3 tips on what to do about the rising cost of fuel. Which of
these would you take and why?

DAILY MAIL 3.7.2011, p. 48

SAVINGS: Three steps to cutting the bills

• USE public transport. Try using the bus or train to save cash and ease road con-
• USE your legs. Short journeys can be just as quick — and make you fitter — by
bicycle or foot.
• AVOID unnecessary travel. Why make several trips to the shops when one will
do? Plan ahead.
Going by London taxi 237

Exercise 26. Read, translate and memorise these amusing definitions. See what ef-
fect they will have on your comrades.
Optimist — a guy who thinks a woman in a phone booth will be right out when he hears
her say good-bye.
Rush hour — when the traffic stands still.
Motorcar — a vehicle which is rapidly1 dividing mankind2 into two classes — the quick
and the dead.
Exercise 27. Read, translate and memorise these jokes. Tell them to your comrades.
Jerry: Why don’t you have a speedometer in your car?
Terry: Who needs a speedometer? When I go 20 miles an hour, the fenders3 rattle4, at 30
miles the doors rattle, and at 40 miles I rattle myself.
Husband: I’ve got to get rid of5 my chauffeur. He’s nearly killed me four times.
Wife: Oh, give him another chance.
A taxi was creeping6 slowly through the rush hour traffic and the passenger was in a hur-
ry. “Please,” he said to the driver, “can’t you go any faster?”
“Of course I can,” the cabby7 replied. “But I ain’t8 allowed to leave the taxi.”
Two motorists met in a very narrow street in London. Neither of them wanted to reverse9
and clear the road.
The first took out a copy10 of The Times and began to read. In an hour the second driver
asked politely: “When you finish reading, won’t you give the paper to me?”

“I had the right of way11 when this man ran into12 me, yet you say I was to blame.”
“You certainly were.”
“Because his father is mayor13, his brother is chief of police, and I’m engaged to his sister14.”

rapidly — быстро
mankind — человечество
fender — крыло
to rattle — громыхать
to get rid of smb/smth — избавляться от кого-л./чего-л.
to creep (crept, crept) — ползти
cabby; syn. taxi driver — таксист; ср. выше: cab — такси
ain’t (vulg.) — зд.: am not
to reverse — дать задний ход
copy — экземпляр
the right of way — преимущество на дороге
to run into smb/smth — врезаться в кого-л./что-л.
mayor [me] — мэр
to be engaged to smb — быть обручённым/помолвленным с кем-л.
238 Chapter 10 Unit

Car rental
Tourist: I should like to rent a car.
Attendant: Where do you come from?
Т.: Russia.
A.: Have you got an international driving licence?
Т.: I have.
A.: Do you want to hire a large or a small car?
Т.: How much are they?
A.: A large car costs £145.00 and a small one £130.00 per week.
Т.: Then let it be a large one. But I may need it for less than a week.
A.: 2 days hire is £50.00, 3 days hire £68.00, 4 days hire £88.00, 5 days hire £110.00 and
6 days hire £125.00. But please bear in mind if you spend £125.00 on a car rental with us,
you can get two nights’ super hotel accommodation for the price of one.
Т.: How about weekends?
A.: If it is Friday AM to Monday AM, that’ll be £88.00.
Т.: And if it is Friday PM to Monday AM?
A.: Then that’ll be £75.00.
Т.: What about the cost of petrol?
A.: You get a car with a full tank and you are to return it with a full tank.
Т.: Do you require a deposit?
A.: We certainly do. It is £100.00. We hope that your rental experience with us will be
a satisfactory one and we would like to invite you to use us again the next time you book
a rental car.

Vocabulary notes
accommodation — жильё; зд. номер в гостинице
deposit — залог, предоплата
petrol — бензин (ср. выше: p. station — бензозаправочная станция); AЕ gas(oline)
rental; syn. hire — прокат
super infml — великолепный
tank — бак

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
Мы хотели бы пригласить вас снова воспользоваться нашими услугами в следу-
ющий раз, когда вы будете заказывать машину напрокат; У вас есть международ-
Car rental 239

ные водительские права?; Надеемся, вы будете довольны прокатом машины у нас;

Я хотел бы взять напрокат автомашину; Вам требуется предоплата?; Откуда вы?;
Но она может понадобиться мне меньше чем на неделю; Вы получаете машину
с полным баком и должны вернуть её с полным баком; Тогда пусть будет большая
машина; Вы можете получить номер в  первоклассной гостинице на двое суток,
а заплатите только за одни сутки.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.

1) You get a car ... a full tank; 2) Where do you come ...? 3) I may need it ... less than
a week; 4) What ... the cost ... petrol? 5) Please bear ... mind. 6) If you spend £125.00 ...
a car rental ... us, you can get two nights’ super hotel accommodation ... the price ... one.
7) A large car costs £145.00 ... week. 8) We hope that your rental experience ... us will be
a satisfactory one.

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. How much are large and small rental cars per week?
2. What is the advantage of 6 days’ hire?
3. How about the cost of petrol?
4. What deposit does the rental company require?

Exercise 4. Replace repeated words with one as in the example:

a) He is a guitarist and a good guitarist.
b) He is a guitarist and a good one.
1. “A large car costs £145.00 and a small car £130.00 per week.” “Then let it be a large car.”
2. We hope that your rental experience with us will be a satisfactory experience.

Exercise 5. This is an advert of a car rental company. When was it established and
what does it offer to attract more customers?


Small family business, offering top ser- • Small cars

vice for 30 years. • Minivans
Let us meet you at London airports. • Multiseaters
Hassle-free personal service. Large new • 9,12 and 15 seaters
fleet. Very low inclusive rates. • Mercedes
240 Unit 32

Exercise 6. Before you rent a car, read these useful tips. Which of them are entirely
new to you?

DAILY MAIL 3.7.2011, p. 48

How to avoid unexpected charges on your holiday car hire

Don’t forget your credit card Stick to your guns — and the original
Even if you’ve paid for the rental in
advance, you will still be asked for a de- Sometimes the car rental company
posit on a credit card when you pick up will try and persuade you to upgrade
your car (up to £1,300). Although the to a more expensive vehicle or give you
money may not leave your account, it an inferior model. If the car you’ve paid
will be held by the car hire company so for isn’t available, you don’t have to pay
it can’t be spent. If you don’t have your the difference for a  more expensive
credit card or sufficient funds on it, you one. Likewise, if you’re supplied an infe-
might be prevented from hiring the car. rior model you can claim the difference.

Take out excess insurance cover Check for damage before you drive away
before you go Inspect the car before you drive
away so you’re not blamed and charged
If your hired car is stolen, damaged
for any previous damage. If you do spot
or involved in an accident, you’ll have
any scratches or dents ensure the car
to pay the excess on the insurance. At
rental agent notes these on the rental
the desk most car hire companies will
forms before you take the car away.
offer you their own policy to protect
against the excess. Savvy travellers Know the refuelling policy
know it can be much cheaper to take If the contract requires returning
out a  standalone policy before travel- with a full tank, make sure it’s really full.
ling. Not only that, it provides more Even if you’ve only driven a  few miles
cover than you’d typically get over the from fill-up to drop-off you may be
counter, including cover for damage to charged.
roof, windows, undercarriage and tyres.
Return your car on time
Take both parts of your driving licence —
Returning a  car even 29 minutes
photo and paper
late can result in an additional penalty
Don’t assume your photocard driv- charge of up to a day’s rental. You may
ing licence will be enough to hire your only find out when you’re home and
car. Most rental companies require the you see a  charge on your credit card
paper counterpart too. statement.
241 Chapter 1 Unit

Rental car insurance

Attendant: Will you drive the rental car yourself or will there be an extra driver?
Tourist: What difference does that make?
A.: If there is an extra driver, you will have to pay for him £10.00 extra insurance.
Т.: What am I entitled to?
A.: Unlimited mileage, RAC cover and insurance over 21 and under 70 years. Since you
are a foreign visitor, insurance starts over 25 years.
Т.: You mentioned RAC cover. What does that include?
A.: Collision Damage Waiver, Theft Protection, Airport Charges, Road Tax (where applicable)
and Taxes. But for just £10.00 per day, extra to the basic cost of your daily rental, you will enjoy
cover for: 1) Damage Excess Reduction, 2) Baggage and Personal Effects, 3) 24 Hour Emergen-
cy Travel Line, 4) Personal and Accident Cover, 5) Legal Expenses and 6) Emergency Travel.
Т.: What is meant by Damage Excess Reduction?
A.: You can reduce your damage excess from £500 to only £75.
Т.: How about Baggage and Personal Effects?
A.: In addition to RAC cover for theft, that includes £1,000 cover (up to £250.00 for any
one article) for personal property for fire or accident damage during the rental period.
But you are not covered for the first £25 of each loss, and for the loss of documents of any
kind, of money, cheques and money orders, for theft of any item not in the locked luggage
compartment of the vehicle.
Т.: The 24 Hour Emergency Travel Line must be assistance at the end of the telephone?
A.: Exactly. We provide solutions to all your problems. This service is available day and night.
Т.: You mentioned Personal and Accident Cover. Just what kinds of accident are covered
and what is the compensation?
A.: This is compensation for accident injury where permanent disablement, loss of a limb
or eye or death results from travelling in the rental vehicle. Driver or passengers aged
18—75 benefit up to £50,000. Passengers aged 5—17 benefit £5,000. However, you are
not covered for benefits whilst suffering from alcoholism or drug addiction or following
an accident attributable to unlawful drugs, whilst engaging in racing of any kind, whilst
loading and unloading the rental vehicle, consequent upon illness or disease, for any pre-
existing physical defect or infirmity, for the first £25 of each loss (medical expenses only).
Т.: And Legal Expenses?
A.: In a legal dispute concerning the use of your rental vehicle, we will take care of the
costs incurred when seeking compensation for any injury during the rental period.
Т.: What is meant by Emergency Travel?
A.: If you must return home for urgent medical treatment or if relatives need to visit
you in hospital, as a result of travelling in your rental car, we will pay for the expenses
incurred. But you are not covered for funeral or interment costs, travel against medical
advice or expenses whilst 100 metres of home.
242 Unit 33

Vocabulary notes
addiction — пристрастие, пагубная expense — расход
привычка expenses incurred — понесённые из-
drug a. — наркомания держки
aged [ed d] — в возрасте, пожилой legal expenses — судебные издержки
applicable — применимый medical expenses — расходы на
article — предмет; см. выше: syn. item лечение
as a result — в результате этого extra to smth — в дополнение к чему-л.
assistance; syn. help — помощь following smth — зд. : в результате
attributable to smth — причиной чего-л.
которых могло быть funeral — похороны
benefit — зд.: компенсация to incur — понести (потери)
to b. — получать компенсацию infirmity — слабость (болезненная)
cheque; АЕ check — денежный чек; ср. injury — увечье
выше: receipt — кассовый чек accident i. — увечье в результате
collision — столкновение; ср. выше: несчастного случая
to collide — сталкиваться; ср.: рус. interment — погребение
коллизия legal — зд.: судебный
concerning — касающийся, по вопросу l. dispute — судебное разбирательство
о, в связи с, относительно (чего-л.) limb [lm] — конечность
consequent upon smth fml — line — линия; зд.: телефонная линия
явившийся следствием чего-л. luggage compartment — багажное
cover, syn. insurance — зд.: страховка отделение (ср. выше: car boot —
to с. — страховать багажник автомашины)
damage — повреждение, ущерб; ср. mileage — пробег, километраж
выше: to d. — повреждать unlimited m. — неограниченный
accidental d. — ущерб от несчаст- пробег
ного случая money order — денежный перевод
defect — дефект, недостаток pre-existing — имевший место ранее
physical d. — физический недо- RAC = Royal Automobile Club —
статок Королевский Автомобильный Клуб
disablement — инвалидность racing — гонки
permanent d. — постоянная инва- rental period — срок проката
лидность to result from smth — быть результатом
drug — лекарство; наркотик; ср. выше: чего-л.
drugstore — аптека, drug-driving — Road Tax — дорожный налог
управление машиной в состоянии salesman — продавец
наркотического опьянения insurance s. — страховой агент
unlawful d. — незаконный наркотик to seek (sought, sought) — зд.: добивать-
effects — вещи ся; ср. выше: to s. — искать
personal е. — личные вещи solution — решение
emergency — чрезвычайное to take care of smth — брать на себя
положение; экстренная что-л.
необходимость; аварийная ситуация theft — кража; ср. выше: thief — вор
to engage in smth — заниматься чем-л. treatment — лечение
excess [kses] n — чрезмерно unlawful — незаконный; ср. выше: law —
высокая выплата закон
Rental car insurance 243

Vocabulary notes
waiver — отказ (от права на что-л.; от ответственности, «автограж-
правила) данка»
collision damage w. — покрытие What difference does that make? — Ка-
ущерба от столкновения; кая разница?
страхование автогражданской whilst fml = while

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Мы возьмём на себя возникшие расходы; Что мне полагается?; Какая разница?; в ре-
зультате несчастного случая, вызванного незаконным употреблением наркотиков;
Вы сами будете водить машину или будет ещё один водитель?; утрата любых до-
кументов; Поскольку вы иностранец, страховка начинается с двадцатипятилетне-
го возраста; запертое багажное отделение; постоянная инвалидность; Мы берём на
себя решение всех ваших проблем; потеря конечности является результатом поезд-
ки во взятой напрокат машине; плата за пользование аэропортом; в возрасте от 18
до 75 лет; страховка личной собственности от пожара и повреждения в результате
несчастного случая; там, где это применимо; Что включает страховка Королевского
Автомобильного Клуба?; Что имеется в виду под сокращением выплат за нанесён-
ный ущерб?; Эта служба работает круглосуточно; до 250 фунтов за любую вещь.
Exercise 2. What derivatives1 of these words do you know?
to reduce, to advise, to result, to differ, to injure, to damage, to collide, thief, to unload,
ease, lawful.
Exercise 3. Fill in the blanks with prepositions.
1) consequent ... illness; 2) insurance starts ... 25 years; 3) You can reduce your damage
excess ... £500 ... only £75. 4) attributable ... unlawful drugs; 5) suffering ... alcoholism;
6) accident damage ... the rental period; 7) Driver or passengers aged 18–75 benefit ...
... £50,000. 8) relatives need to visit you ... hospital; 9) … … £250.00 ... any one article;
10) compensation ... any injury ... the rental period; 11) What am I entitled ... ? 12) You
are not covered ... theft ... any item not ... the locked luggage compartment ... the vehicle.
13) we will take care ... the costs incurred; 14) ... addition ... RAC cover ... theft; 15) death
results ... travelling ... the rental vehicle; 16) We provide solutions ... all your problems.
Exercise 4. Answer these questions:
1. What is insurance for an extra driver?
2. If you have rental car insurance, what are you entitled to?
3. What does RAC cover include?
4. What is meant by Damage Excess Reduction?
5. What does cover for Baggage and Personal Effects include?

derivative — дериват (слово того же корня)
244 Unit 33

6. What is meant by Emergency Travel and by Emergency Travel Line?

7. What does Personal and Accident cover include?
8. What legal expenses are covered?
Exercise 5. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary where necessary). Then
answer these questions:
1. What do fraudsters do to get paid by insurance companies?
2. How much does it cost insurance companies annually?
3. Do you know of any such cases of fraud?

DAILY MAIL 11.8.2008, p. 21

£200m racket of gangs who stage road accidents
and claim insurance

By Ray Massey, Transport Editor

THOUSANDS of motorists are falling vic- Police have warned drivers to be
tim to a potentially lethal ‘cash for crash’ vigilant as the practice — often part of
insurance scam. a  well-organised criminal network  —
It involves criminals deliberately spreads at an alarming rate and puts
staging road accidents, usually by slam- lives at risk. Experts say it is costing the
ming on their brakes so an innocent insurance industry at least £200 million
driver behind has no chance of avoiding a year.
a collision. Overall, motor insurance fraud now
The fraudster then claims against costs an estimated £1.6 billion a  year.
the other driver’s insurance company for The extra premiums needed to pay for
damage and injuries such as whiplash. it add £50 to the average driver’s policy.

Exercise 6. Read and translate this Certificate of Motor Insurance (use a dictionary
where necessary). Find in it the answers to these questions:
1. What is the registration mark of the vehicle insured?
2. When does insurance commence?
3. When does it expire?
4. What does and doesn’t the Policy cover?
5. Where is this Certificate valid1?
6. What is the name of the Insurance Company?
7. What can invalidate the Policy or part of it?
8. What if your windscreen wants replacing?
valid — действительный, имеющий силу
Rental car insurance 245

This Certificate is evidence of your insurance. For full details of the cover you should refer to the Policy.

Certificate of Motor insurance

Registration mark of vehicle / Certificate
description of vehicle LS05FWO number 69025288A75 /210431
Any motor car supplied to the policyholder under an agreement between WALTERS Insurance Company Limited and an ap-
proved repairer or hire company as a direct result of damage covered by this policy, unless cover is provided by the repairer’s
or hirer’s own insurance policy.
Name of Policyholder Mr D
Effective date of the commencement of insurance for the purposes of the relevant law 01/07/09 (00:01 hours)
Date of expiry of insurance 01/07/10 (Noon)
Persons or classes • The Policyholder provided that the person driving
of persons • The Policyholder may also drive with the owner’s permis- holds a licence to drive such
entitled to drive sion a motor car not owned by the Policyholder and not motor car or has held and is
hired or leased to the Policyholder under a hire purchase not disqualified for holding or
or annual leasing agreement obtaining such a licence.
Limitations as to use
The Policy covers: • use for social, domestic and pleasure purposes.
The Policy does not cover • use for racing, competitions, rallies, trials, track days or 4×4 off road events.
• use for hire and reward
• use for commercial travelling
• use for any purpose in connection with the motor trade.
• use to secure the release of a motorcar, other than the vehicle identified above by its regis-
tration mark, which has been seized by, or on behalf of, any government or public authority
Certification I hereby certify that the Policy to which this Certificate relates satisfies the requirements of the
relevant law applicable in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland, the Isle of
Man, the Island of Guernsey, the Island of Jersey and the Island of Alderney.
WALTERS Insurance Company Limited
Authorised Insurers. Thomas Sullivan
Chief Executive
Advice to third parties: Nothing in this Certificate affects your right as a third party to make a claim.

Duty of disclosure If you fail to disclose any facts that are relevant to your insurance this could invalidate your
whole Policy, or part of it If you’re not sure whether something is relevant please call us.
Driving other cars Please remember that cover for driving other cars is limited to Third Party Only. You will not be
covered for any loss or damage to the car you are driving.
Windscreen damage Produce this Certificate to one of our approved companies, either Autoglass or Auto Wnd-
screens, and they will replace your glass, subject to a £75 excess, billing us for the balance. If
they can repair (rather than replace) the windscreen, then £10 excess applies. If you do not deal
direct with Autoglass or Auto Windscreens, our maximum payment will be £125 for replace-
ment and £40 for a repair after deducting the excess.
You may contact our approved companies by calling our Hotline on 0875 204 333.
246 Unit 33

Exercise 7. Read and translate these clippings (use a  dictionary where necessary).
What extra advantages to the driver are advertised?

Protect the excess

on your car rental insurance with Insurance4U.

Our policies cover you for the following:

• £2,000 worth of excess cover per claim, up to £3,000 in one policy year
• Up to 7 additional drivers
• The excess on theft and accidental damage (including damage to roof,
undercarriage, windows and tyres)
• As many rentals as you like within the year (up to 31 days in any one rental

Visit our website or call the help team on 0833 239 4802
Monday — Friday 0900 ~1730hrs,

* Ages 21—74; £65 ages 75—85 (Full terms and conditions available on the website)

DAILY MAIL 3.7.2011, p. 48

Looking for cheaper car insurance?

• Up to 75% no claim discount

• Free courtesy car included as standard
(excludes third party only policies)

CALL 0822 441 8229 VISIT our website

For textphone:
Mon — Fri 8am — 9pm,
Sat 8am — 5pm,
Sun 9am — 5pm.
Calls may be recorded.

DAILY EXPRESS 12.8.2011, p. 39

Rental car insurance 247

Comprehensive car cover features of our policy
Great cover with a wide range of policy options:

Cover for my and other vehicles in an accident +

Personal accident cover +

Cover for fire and theft +

Choice of voluntary excess +

Cover for personal possessions +

UK cover extended to EU for up to 90 days +

Windscreen cover +

Cover for in-car entertainment and navigation systems +

Replacement child car seat +

Small courtesy car cover (if you use an approved repairer) +

UK-based 24 hour accident helpline +

Up to 9 years no-claims discount +

All repairs guaranteed (if you use an approved repairer) 3 years

Protect your no-claims discount Optional

Breakdown Cover from RAC Optional

Monetary limits and exclusions apply.

Alternatively, you can choose our low-cost, online-only Value Cover.

This is our comprehensive policy with some of the frills taken out.
248 Unit 33

SUNDAY MIRROR 14.8.2011, p. 28


Insider tips on insuring a car for less

Consumer Correspondent

As driving costs soar, experts have re- Tips include haggling  — if not on
vealed the trade secrets that families the price then getting a cancellation fee
can use when they want to renew their and other “extra” charges dropped from
cover — including simply adding a sec- the premium.
ond driver to the policy. The way drivers describe their jobs
An extra driver suggests someone is can also help. Claiming to be a  para-
part of a couple and less likely to be par- medic rather than a nurse, for example,
tying all night. can save £50.
This can knock at least £200 off the Having access to another car, like
annual bill. Owning an older car can also a company vehicle, can save money be-
help cut costs. cause insurers are not as impressed by
Motoring magazine Auto Express drivers who clock up low mileages as
enlisted the help of insurers and trade many might think.
experts to come up with 10 simple ways
of getting the price down.

SUNDAY MIRROR 14.8.2011, p. 28

‘A tractor is all I can afford’

CHRIS Barry gets around on his family’s “I told them it was a Polo, not a Fer-
old tractor... because it’s all he can afford. rari,” said Chris, 18. “In the end I paid £57
Like tens of thousands of other teenag- to insure myself for the tractor.” The pre-
ers, he found the insurance premiums mium on the tractor is low because it
he was being quoted astronomical. has a top speed of just 20mph and can’t
The first quote Chris was given for his carry passengers. But Chris can still use
£400 P-reg VW Polo was £17,800 — and it on roads.
the cheapest he could find was £6,000.
Rental car insurance 249

SUNDAY MIRROR 14.8.2011, p. 28

Top 10 ways to cut premiums

• PUT someone else on your insur- homes to steal car keys so they
ance. People sharing a car are won’t know which house it be-
considered to be more stable. longs to if it’s parked away from
• IF you have access to a second car, the home.
say so when you apply. • TAKE care when describing your
• DON’T claim for minor accidents. job. Policies are loaded against
• HAGGLE. Your current insurer high-risk professions.
won’t want to lose you. • SHOP around online then phone
• DON’T pay extra for car hire cover. the cheapest.
• PROTECT your no-claims bonus. • BUY a classic car. Owners of old,
• IT may be cheaper to park on collectable motors are viewed as
the street. Thieves can break into being more careful.
250 Chapter 10 Unit

(1) In a Street
A: Where does one park in Britain?
B: There are car parks and specially marked places along the pavement where parking is
permitted at certain times.
A: How are they marked?
B: A  white line means parking is permitted at certain times for a  certain number of
hours. In such cases, there are signs like this:

P 10am — 7pm
1 hour
No return
within 1 hour
A: And how are places marked where parking is limited or not permitted?
B: A  single yellow line on the roadway along the kerb is used for limited parking(1),
while a double yellow line means parking is not permitted(2). These are examples of the
respective signs:

(1) (2)
1 Apr — 30 Sept
At any time
10am — 7pm

Zigzag white lines on either side of pedestrian crossings mean parking is absolutely for-
bidden at all times.
A: On what terms may parking be permitted?
B: Parking may be free or chargeable.
A: How do I pay for parking in a street?
B: You buy a parking voucher in a nearby voucher selling shop, scratch off five panels to
indicate your arrival [month, date, day, hour, minutes (to next 5 minutes)], and display
the voucher inside your vehicle side window nearest the kerb.
A: And what if I overstay there or fail to pay for parking?
B: That would be committing a parking offence. Then a police inspector will place a fixed
penalty notice (fixed penalty ticket) under your windscreen wiper ordering you to pay
the penalty in full within 28 days or request within 28 days that the matter be dealt with
by a court.
(To be continued)
Parking 251

Vocabulary notes
chargeable — платный to commit аn о. — совершать
court — суд правонарушение
to deal with smth — рассматривать parking о. — правонарушение,
что-л.; ср. выше: иметь дело с чем-л. связанное с парковкой
to display — зд.: выставлять, to overstay — оставаться сверх
вывешивать положенного срока
fixed penalty notice/ticket — pavement, АЕ sidewalk — тротуар
извещение о штрафе penalty — штраф
to indicate — зд.: обозначать; ср. roadway — мостовая
выше: указывать to scratch off — соскабливать
kerb — край тротуара, обочина voucher — ваучер
offence — правонарушение wiper — щётка, «дворник»

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
в определённое время; парковка не разрешена; соответствующие знаки; на каких
условиях; Где паркуются в Великобритании?; специально помеченные места вдоль
тротуара; А если я простою там дольше указанного срока?; А если я не заплачу за
парковку?; поместите ваучер внутри бокового окна машины со стороны обочины;
под щётку ветрового стекла; уплатить полную сумму штрафа; дело будет рассма-
триваться судом; парковка может быть бесплатной или платной; нарушение пра-
вил парковки; пешеходный переход; в любое время.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) There are specially marked places ... the pavement where parking is permitted ... cer-
tain times ... a certain number ... hours. 2) A police inspector will place a fixed penalty
ticket ... your windscreen wiper ordering you to pay the penalty ... full ... 28 days or
request ... 28 days that the matter be dealt ... ... a court. 3) ... what terms may parking be
permitted? 4) How do I pay ... parking ... a street? 5) Scratch ... five panels to indicate your
arrival. 6) Display the voucher ... your vehicle.

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. Where is parking permitted at certain times?
2. What does a white line mean?
3. What does a single yellow line mean?
4. What does a double yellow line mean?
5. Is parking in a street free or chargeable?
6. How does one pay for parking in a street?
7. What happens if you overstay or fail to pay for parking?
252 Unit 34

Exercise 4. From the parking voucher (below) find out 1) its price, 2) where it is valid,
3) the time of arrival.

Indicate your arrival by scratching off five panels

with a coin: Month — Date — Day — Hour — Minutes
(to next five minutes)

West Sussex
County Councll
Valid only in West Sussex voucher parking zones.

80 p
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
8 9 10 11 12 13 14
15 16 17 18 19 20 21
22 23 24 25 26 27 28
29 30 31

№ С 250556

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55

12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Instructions and principal conditions on reverse side

Parking 253

Exercise 5. Read the Fixed Penalty Notice (below) (use a dictionary where necessary)
and answer these questions:
1. When was the parking offence committed?
2. Where?
3. What was it?
4. What was the Index Number of the Motor Vehicle?
5. What was the penalty?


Part 1 £20 731035 0

DATE 2 3 OF 0 8 19 9 5

FROM/AT 1 1 3 0 TO 1 1 4 5 IN

Dorset Gdns Brighton

Motor Vehicle, Index Number C 8 3 X J T

which you were driving/using/in which you were a passenger/which
was unattended, was seen in circumstances which gave me reason-
able cause to believe that: —
the offence indicated below was being or had been committed.

B L 9 7 unauthorised vehicle

Signed Rank/No T 4 5 1

PART 2 £20 731035 0
To: Fixed Penalty Clerk, Fixed Penalty Office, The Law Courts,
Edward Street, Brighton, BN2 2LG. Tel: 01273 670999
I enclose payment of the fixed penalty for the offence mentioned in Part 1 of this notice.

(Block Letters Please)

254 Unit 34

Exercise 6. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary where necessary). Find
in it the answers to these questions:
1. What pretext1 do some motorists use to avoid paying a fine for illegal parking?
2. Why doesn’t it hold water2?

DAILY ECHO 23.8.2010, p. 18

Everyone knows what yellows are

BOURNEMOUTH council cannot is- Everyone knows that double yellow

sue parking tickets to motorists in lines mean ‘No parking at any time’.
Charminster who ignore yellow lines What next? Pedestrian crossings
because there are no signs explain- and traffic lights ignored by drivers
ing what they mean (“Lines ‘a waste because there are no signs explaining
of money without signs’”, Daily Echo, what they mean?
18 August). What a farce.
Norwich Avenue West, Bournemouth

Exercise 7. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary where necessary).

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 30.7.2011, p. 11

Motorist who ripped up ticket guilty of littering

By Daily Telegraph Reporter

A MOTORIST who ripped up a parking traffic and was then handed a  ticket for
ticket in front of the police officer who blocking the road. Collins tore up the tick-
issued it was promptly charged with lit- et and dropped it in front of the officer.
tering. He pleaded guilty to littering at Bris-
Philip Collins, 48, arranged to meet tol magistrates’ court and was given a
the officer near his home after reporting 12-month conditional discharge.
a  badly-parked Ford Transit van, which Steve George, in mitigation, told the
he claimed was obstructing traffic. court that Collins had become frustrated
He parked his BMW by the van to over the vehicle, which made his wheel-
demonstrate how dangerous it was to chair-bound mother fear using the road.

pretext [pritekst] — предлог (для какого-л. действия или бездействия)
doesn’t hold water — не выдерживает критики
Parking 255

Now answer these questions:

1. What two offences did the motorist commit?
2. Why was he issued with a ticket?
3. What did he do with it?
4. What was he charged with?
5. What did he plead guilty of?
6. What would you do if you were in his shoes1?
Exercise 8. Read, translate and memorise this joke. Tell it to a comrade.
‘You know, somebody actually complimented me on my driving today. They left a little
note on the windscreen, it said “Parking Fine.” So that was nice.’

in his shoes — на его месте
256 Chapter 10 Unit

(2) In a car park
A: What if I park my car in the wrong place?
B: For illegal parking your car will be clamped or towed and you will have to pay to get it
back. The safest thing to do is to use a car park.
A: Who do I pay there?
B: You obtain a parking ticket (below) from a machine.

16/08/12 12:47
10:47 1.50



A: What do I do with a parking ticket?

B: You display it on the windscreen or dashboard for the inspector to see. There are signs
at car parks reminding absent-minded drivers:

Have you purchased and displayed

a valid parking ticket?

or for short:

Have you paid and displayed?

Such car parks are sometimes referred to as ‘Pay and Display Car Park’.
A: What kinds of car park are there?
B: Long stay car parks and shoppers ones.
A: Do I get any concessions at a shoppers park if I am a shopper?
Parking 257

B: Yes. If you spend £10 or more in one visit to a shop displaying a shoppers park sign and
present the top portion of a car park ticket refund to the cashier you will be refunded the
cost of parking at a shoppers park up to 1 hour.
A: What if there is no space left for parking in a car park?
B: When the main car park is overflowing with cars, drivers can sometimes use an over-
flow park.
A: Overflowing? What do you mean?
B: Like a meeting hall packed to overflowing, that is when there are more people than
the hall can hold.
A: I see. And how can I tell a Pay and Display Car Park from an overflow car park?
B: Sometimes overflow car parks are unpaved, as in Highcliffe, Dorset, where you can
see this sign:

This grassed area forms

part of the Pay
and Display Car Park
and all parking charges apply

Vocabulary notes
to apply — зд.: действовать, сохранять car p.; AE parking lot — автостоянка
силу long stay car p. — автостоянка
to clamp (a car) — поставить для длительной парковки
блокиратор shoppers car p. — автостоянка
concession — льгота, скидка; ср. для покупателей магазина
выше: concessionary — льготный overflow p. — запасная автостоянка
dashboard — приборная панель to p. — парковать(ся)
to display — выставлять, illegal [lil] parking — незакон-
демонстрировать ная парковка
grassed — покрытый травой parking charges — плата за парковку
to hold — зд.: вмещать parking ticket — парковочный
machine — зд. автомат; ср. выше: cash талон; квитанция на оплату штрафа
m. — банкомат, ticket m. — билетный за неправильную парковку
автомат to present — предъявлять
to obtain; syn. to buy, to purchase — to tell smth from smth — отличать
покупать что-л. от чего-л.
to overflow — переполнять(ся) unpaved — немощёный
packed to overflowing — to tow [t] — эвакуировать
переполненный, набитый до отказа wrong place — неположенное
park — парк; автостоянка место
258 Unit 35

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Вы покупаете парковочный талон в  автомате; Когда основная стоянка перепол-
нена машинами, водители иногда могут воспользоваться запасной автостоянкой;
автостоянки для длительной парковки; автостоянки для покупателей; возврат
(части) денег за пользование автостоянкой; Вам придётся заплатить за возврат
машины; Самое безопасное — воспользоваться автостоянкой; Прикрепите парко-
вочный талон к лобовому стеклу так, чтобы инспектор его увидел; Ваша машина
будет блокирована; А если я поставлю машину в неположенном месте?; с той же
платой за стоянку; является частью основной автостоянки.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) There are signs ... car parks. 2) ... short: Have you paid and displayed? 3) What if I park
my car ... the wrong place? 4) You spend £10 or more ... one visit ... a shop; 5) You will be
refunded the cost ... parking ... a shoppers park … … 1 hour. 6) The main car park is over-
flowing ... cars. 7) You obtain a parking ticket ... a machine. 8) What if there is no space
left ... parking there? 9) Such car parks are sometimes referred ... as ‘Pay and Display Car
Park’. 10) What do I do ... a parking ticket? 11) You will have to pay to get it ... . 12) You
display the parking ticket ... the windscreen ... the inspector to see.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. What are the two places where you can park your car in Britain?
2. Why is it safer to park your car in a car park?
3. How do you pay for using a car park?
4. What are you to do with a parking ticket?
5. What kinds of car park are there?
6. What concession can a shopper get at a shoppers park?
7. What if there is no space left in the main car park?
Exercise 4. Use this substitution1 table to make 20 sentences. For example:
The safest thing to do is to use a car park.2

go home now.
is speak to Mr. N.
The thing to do was to return to Paris.
would be rent the flat.
book a room at a hotel.

Exercise 5. You are likely to find such notices as this in shoppers car parks. Read and
translate it (use a dictionary where necessary).
substitution — подстановка; подстановочный
wise — умный; мудрый
Parking 259


See machine for current scale of charges. Charges apply seven days a week. Tick-
ets valid on day of issue and in car park of issue only. Tickets are not transferable
between vehicles. Motor cars only. No coaches, heavy commercial vehicles, cara-
vans or trailers permitted. No overnight sleeping. Park only in marked bays. Park-
ing on double yellow lines or across hatched areas not permitted.
Disabled must pay unless vehicle is road tax exempt (exempt
from vehicle excise duty) due to occupants disability.
Vehicles are admitted at owners risk. Christchurch borough
council will not be liable for any loss, damage or injury to per-
sons or property.
Penalty charge £60
Failing to purchase and display a valid parking ticket
Overstaying ticket time
Parking improperly
No change given
5p, 10р, 20p, 50p, £1, £2 coins accepted
1. Insert coin(s) to value required
2. Allow coin(s) to register
3. Press green ticket issue button
4. Attach ticket to inside of windscreen
For scale of charges conditions see notice board.
If machine fails to operate correctly, please use other machine.
Up to 1 hour 50p
Over 1 hour
Up to 2 hours }£1.00

2 £1.50
3 £2.00
Over 4 hours £4.00
Free period 7pm to 8am


Two hours in Wortley Road car park reduced to just 50p
Three hours reduced to £1.20
Four hours reduced to £1.60
260 Unit 35

Answer these questions:

1. Where is the car park located1?
2. When and where are tickets valid?
3. What vehicles is the car park meant for?
4. When is parking free?
5. Can a driver spend a night in his car?
6. Do disabled drivers pay for parking?
7. What is the penalty charge?
8. What are park users fined for?
9. What instructions are they to follow?
10. What were the charges?
11. How were these reduced in 2008?
Exercise 6. Compare two parking tickets (use a dictionary where necessary). What are
the differences between them? (m/c = machine).2


CHRISTCHURCH V.A.T. REG. № 187 3025 57
VAT № 187 3180 45

25JUL08 100 1613 01 15AUG05 120 1743 10A


Exercise 7. This is a car park ticket with a car park ticket refund. Examine it (use a dic-
tionary where necessary) and answer these questions:
1. What is the holder entitled to?
2. When was it issued and by what machine?
3. What was the fee paid?
4. When did the parking time expire2?

to be located — находиться
to expire — истекать (о сроке)
Parking 261


(up to 1 hour)



30JUL07 100 1531 05





V.A.T. № 187 3180 45


Exercise 8. Read the notice PARKING HINTS.

What information does it contain not to be found in the dialogue or in the exercises


If you use any of Christchurch’s pay-and-display car parks,

keep the ticket on you.
If you spent more than £10 in participating shops they will
refund your parking charge!
(see list of participating shops in car parks)
There is free street parking in and around Bargates — check
the street signs for time allowed, it can be for up to two hours!
262 Unit 35

Exercise 9. This notice introduces a cashless form of payment. What are its advan-
tages over the old pay-and-display method?

No coins? No problem!
Pay to park using your mobile. It’s quick and easy  — just call 02023 221514.
Quote your number plate and this location number: 1809. You will be asked
for your credit or debit card number. Users of this service will pay a 20p
convenience charge. Customers who have paid by phone are not required to
display a ticket — number plate details will be checked by Parking Attendants.
Calls to this landline number will be charged at your normal airtime rate. Parking
tariff charges apply. VAT receipts are available online.

Vocabulary notes
airtime rate — тариф платы за поль- landline number — номер стационар-
зование мобильным телефоном ного телефона
to apply — сохранять силу, оставаться mobile — мобильник
в силе number plate — номерной знак
cashless — без оплаты наличными online — через Интернет
convenience charge — сбор за обслу- parking attendant — сотрудник авто-
живание стоянки
to quote — зд.: назвать

Exercise 10. Read and translate these clippings (use a dictionary where necessary) to
find the answers to these questions:
1. What was the attendant’s error?
2. What did the Sunday Mirror reader request?
3. What was the local authority’s response?

SUNDAY MIRROR 5.8.2007, p. 52

No way ticket is fair cop

I HAVE been issued with a ticket by an apology and confirmation the at-
Mid Sussex Council and feel there has tendant is being reprimanded for mali-
been an element of malice on the part cious service.
of the attendant.
The time of issue was 08.53, but re- A: I  am glad to report they have
strictions do not begin until 9am. cancelled the ticket and sent you a let-
I have written to the local authority ter containing no less than two apolo-
requesting a  cancellation of the PCN, gies!
Parking 263

DAILY EXPRESS 19.8.2010, p. 34

Car parking charges rise

by up to 16%

By Donna Bowater

THE cost of using public car parks has In contrast, the cheapest place to
shot up by up to 16 per cent over the park in the country is Halifax, West Yorks,
past year, research suggests. where one hour costs just 41p. Anthony
The rise in some cities far outstrips Eskinazi, founder of ParkatmyHouse, said:
inflation — with the extra cost putting “Households are finding their finances
even more pressure on families strug- being squeezed from all directions at the
gling to pay household bills. moment and the parking space inflation
Charges at council and commer- of the past 12 months is yet another cost
cial car parks have risen by an average families could do without.”
of 12.5 per cent, according to a  study The Daily Express reported earlier
by private parking websites Parkatmy- this year how independent car parking
House and Parkopedia. firms were taking advantage of holiday-
The most expensive place to park is makers leaving their cars at airports by
London at an average of £4.03 an hour, charging rip-off prices reaching up to
a 14 per cent rise in a year. £160 for a week.

Now answer these questions:

1. How had the cost of using public car parks risen between August 2009 and August
2. How does that compare with inflation over the same period?
3. Which are the most expensive and the cheapest places to park?
4. How are holidaymakers ripped off ?

Exercise 11. Read and translate these clippings to find the answers to these ques-
1. Can a car park itself now? How?
2. What happens sometimes when lots of similar cars are parked together?
3. What happened to an elderly Swedish driver?
264 Unit 35

DAILY EXPRESS 20.7.2011, p. 13

Put in my place
by the car that can park itself

A COUPLE of weeks ago I wrote in this I  resisted the temptation to clutch

column that I  could not wait to try a  wheel that was busy turning it-
out the new self-parking Ford Focus self and sat immobile while the car
and immediately Ford offered me the manoeuvred into the space and
chance, so with some trepidation I ar- straightened up. Inevitably Ford had
rived at on off-road site to see if the asked me to don a  dance dress while
latest Focus would park in a  smallish three “judges” scored first my own at-
space without any assistance from me. tempts to park (highest score seven)
The experience gave a  whole and then the car’s attempt (three
new meaning to “look, no hands!” as straight 10s).

DAILY EXPESS 8.8.2011, p. 30

Hours it takes
to find car
THE SUN 13.8.2011, p. 17
A TYPICAL driver spends five hours
and 13 minutes a  year searching for
A MAN aged 82 has asked for help
their parked car, a study found.
finding his car after spending two
A third of the 38 million motorists in
weeks trying to remember where he
the UK claim trying to find their car
parked it in Malmo, Sweden.
among rows of similar vehicles is the
most annoying aspect of driving.
Steve Barnes, of NetVoucherCodes.
co.uk, said: “It’s astonishing that we
waste so many hours wandering
around trying to find where we’ve
parked our car.”
Parking 265

Exercise 12. Compare these two articles about the same fact. Whose presentation do
you like better, by The Daily Telegraph or by the Daily Express and why?

THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 18.7.2011, p. 10


Rising tide leaves sports car all at sea

The Alfa Romeo Spider was lifted from Bill Merchant, 52, a fisherman, said:
The Hard near Portsmouth’s Historic “There’s parking across the road and
Dockyard and carried out into the har- it’s only £2, but he probably parks
bour.The slipway is meant only for fish- here because he doesn’t want to pay
ermen to load and unload boats. But that.”
the unnamed car owner ignored the Police could only contact the own-
restrictions, which are signposted at er’s son-in-law, Steve Sterling, who said:
the entrance below a no entry warning. “He’s had the car for a few years and it is
The convertible was swamped at his pride and joy”.
12.20pm when the tide came in.

DAILY EXPRESS 18.7.2011, p. 30

Bad tidings for a driver

The owner had left his Alfa Romeo Spi- The driver had caught a  train to
der on the slipway at The Hard near London but four hours later the tide
Portsmouth’s historic dockyard. came in and the inshore rescue officer
It is only intended for boats to un- could not save the Spider. Police could
load but he ignored the restrictions be- only find his son-in-law, Steve Sterling,
neath a no entry sign. 29,  who said: “It really is his pride and
Fisherman Bill Merchant said: “There’s joy.”
parking across the road and it’s only £2.”
266 Unit 35

Exercise 13. Here are some notices in the streets of Highcliffe, Dorset, and near Eus-
ton Station, London.
What restrictions1 do they contain and how are offenders2 to be punished?

unauthorized parking NO PARKING FOR
holders strictly prohibited CAFÉ ONLY



WILL BE CLAMPED Christchurch
REMOVAL FEE £75 Housing 01202 483 243
Phone 01590 344721 4 hours-min
to release

This is
a private car park No parking
This area
for the sole use of is for staff Offenders
members of this club parking only will be
Illegally parked cars prosecuted
will be clamped


restriction — ограничение
offender — нарушитель
267 Chapter 1 Unit

Number plates
(3) Low prices
(Paul, holiday apartments proprietor, and Gregory, his lodger)
Gregory: Paul, you promised to tell me about British car number plates. Can you do it now?
Paul: I’m ready.
G: The world’s first car registration plates were introdused in France in 1893. When were
car number plates introduced in this country?
P: It’s hard to believe in the 21st century, but when Parliament passed the Motor Car Act
in August 1903, it resulted in protests by many motorists.
The source of their dissatisfaction was that the new law required all cars to be registered
and carry a number plate, which one objector described as being ‘numbered like convicts
and labelled like hackney carriages (taxi cabs)’.
Even worse, motorists also had to have a driving licence — although there was no test to pass,
a licence could be obtained simply by filling in a form and paying a small fee at a post office.
The Act came into force on January 1, 1904, and the first London number plate to be is-
sued was Al. This went to a member of the aristocracy, Earl Russell, who queued all night
to secure the exclusive registration for his Napier.
The first number in Scotland, SI, was given to Lord Justice Advocate Kingsburgh, another
nobleman, but then only the wealthy could afford a car in those days.
G.: In Russia, you can learn from a number plate where the car was registered, whether
the owner is a VIP and sometimes, if the car is state owned, what ministry or department
it belongs to. What information can you get from number plates of British vehicles?
P.: There we’ve got to distinguish between the old system and the new one introduced in 2001.
G.: Naturally, I am interested in the new system.
P.: I’ll come to it later. But first let me tell you about the old one because there are still a lot
of cars left with old number plates, such as mine. In the past, the year in which a car was
made was shown by a letter at the start (‘prefix’) or at the end (‘suffix’) of the registration
number. The letters ran in alphabetical order. That system existed from 1963 until 2001.
Before 1963 (and in Northern Ireland also after 1963), there were no ‘prefixes’ or ‘suffixes’.
Between 1963 and 2001, they used up all letters of the alphabet except I,O,U and Z.
G.: When was your Toyota made?
P.: It has a P on its number plate, which means it was made between August 1996 and July 1997.
G.: Now for the new system, please.
P.: The current system was introduced in September 2001, yet many people are still con-
fused by it. A  recent survey found that only a  quarter of people understand what the
combination of letters and numbers means.
G.: Where does the new system differ from the old one?
P.: In many respects. Firstly, vehicles have a white plate at the front and a yellow one at
the back. In the old system both are white. Secondly, now there are seven characters. The
first two letters (“local memory tags”) show where the vehicle was registered and the next
268 Unit 36

two numbers show when. The last three letters in the registration (“random element”) are
randomly chosen and allocated to a dealership when registered.
G.: Which letters designate areas?
P.: The first letter of the number plate represents the area where the car was registered,
and the second relates to a particular DVLA1 office it was registered through. For exam-
ple, a car with the letters AB would be from the Anglia region (A), and registered at the
Peterborough DVLA office (B).
G.: To be able to tell at once where a car was registered, I need a list of letters and the
areas they designate.
P.: I got one from the Internet for you. Here it is.

1st Local identifier 1st Local identifier

letter DVLA office (2nd letter) letter DVLA office (2nd letter)
Peterborough A–N M Manchester A–Y
A Norwich O–U Newcastle A–0
Ipswich V–Y Stockton P–Y
В Birmingham A–Y O Oxford A–Y
Cardiff A–O Preston A–T
С Swansea P–V Carlisle U–Y
Bangor W–Y R Reading A–Y
Chester A–K Glasgow A–J
Shrewsbury L–Y Edinburgh K–0
E Chelmsford A–Y S Dundee P–T
Nottingham A–P Aberdeen U, V, W
Lincoln R–Y Inverness X, Y
Maidstone A–O V Worcester A–Y
Brighton P–Y Exeter A–J
Bournemouth A–J W Truro K, L
H Portsmouth K–V & X, Y Bristol M–Y
Isle of Wight W Leeds A–К
Luton A–L Y Sheffield L–U
Northampton M–Y Beverley V–Y
Wimbledon A–J
L Stanmore K–T
Sidcup U–Y

Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) — агентство выдачи водительских прав и ре-
гистрации автомашин
Number plates 269

G.: But where in this table is London?

P.: London, or to be more precise, Greater London is designated as L. Besides, you can see
the word Wimbledon to the right. Surely you know that Wimbledon Tennis Cup tourna-
ments are held in London?
G.: I do. But what do other 1st letters stand for?
P.: A stands for Anglia, B for West Midlands, C for Wales, D for Cheshire and Shrop-
shire, E for Essex, F for Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire, G for Sussex and Kent, H for
Hampshire and Dorset, K for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire, M for Greater Man-
chester, N for Tyne&Wear and Cleveland, O for Oxfordshire, P for Cumbria and Lan-
cashire, R for Berkshire, S for Scotland, V for Herefordshire and Worcestershire, W for
Avon, Cornwall and Devon, and Y for South, West and East Yorkshire.
G.: Thanks. Now about the two numbers following the two letters.
P.: The next two numbers are a new way to show the car’s age. Between 2001 and 2009, the first
number 0 is for March–August registration, and a 5 for those from September to February. The
second number shows the year of the March–August registration or of the beginning of the
September–February registration. The sequence started in September 2001 with ‘51’. In March
2002 it changed to ‘02’. In September 2002, the number became ‘52’. In March 2003 it became
‘03’. 53 means September–December 2003 or January–February 2004 and so on.
Here’s a list of age identification numbers used in the new number plate format and the
years they correspond to (the forward slash stands for ‘or’):
51 — 2001 / 2002
02 — 2002
52 — 2002 / 2003
03 — 2003
53 — 2003 / 2004
04 — 2004
54 — 2004 / 2005
05 — 2005
55 — 2005 / 2006
06 — 2006
56 — 2006 / 2007
07 — 2007
57 — 2007 / 2008
08 — 2008
58 — 2008 / 2009
09 — 2009
59 — 2009 /2010
G.: What about the current decade? What numbers are used now?
P.: From March 2010, the first numbers are 1 instead of 0 and 6 instead of 5. Thus,
10 — 2010
60 — 2010/2011
11 — 2011
61 — 2011 /2012
12 — 2012
and so on...
270 Unit 36

G.: Beside number plates on cars and motorbikes I could sometimes see large red letters
L.: What do these stand for?
P.: Learner. The vehicle is driven by a learner driver.
G.: In Russia, some car owners add to the official number plate their name, some word
and/or number. So far the authorities have turned a blind eye to that. Do British car own-
ers do anything like that?
P.: We have gone much farther then that. If you are prepared to pay an extra sum of mon-
ey, you can buy from among those on sale any number plate you fancy. It’s so prestigious,
so chic to have a unique number plate. It may contain your date of birth, name, initials or
any word you may choose. For instance, SA55 SON, 2 OAK. The number of characters
in personal number plates may vary from two to as many as space permits. By way of il-
lustration, I’ve clipped out for you this beautiful personal number plate.

G.: How much are such vanity number plates?

P.: Prices may vary from a few hundred to several thousand pounds. The highest price
I have seen so far is £120,000.
G.: And what if one can’t afford such prices? What if they live paycheck to paycheck and
yet want to have a personal number plate so as to keep up with the Joneses?
P.: For the not so rich, there are BARGAIN PLATES with prices varying from £49 to
£1499. Or lists of plates entitled CLEARANCE CORNER where all prices are ONLY
£150. Newspapers and the magazine ‘Regtransfers’ regularly publish price lists of num-
ber plates under such headings as CHERISHED NUMBERS, FEATURED NUMBERS,
Number plates 271

G.: And what if a motorist wants something special not listed in the price lists?
P.: Certainly, if you have money to burn, you can have a personal custom-made number
plate. But that would cost a pretty penny.
G.: So from the number plate you can tell how rich and ambitious the car owner is.
P.: Exactly. He who has the most fanciful number plates (‘vanity plates’) thinks he is it.
G.: Do you happen to know anything about American number plates?
P.: Well, firstly, with American registered automobiles it’s not ‘number plates’, but ‘license
plates’. And, secondly, these are issued by the State government and contain enough let-
ters and numbers for the number of cars in the state, so that small states have shorter
registration numbers. They often use different colours, symbols and slogans related to
the state. If the owner of the vehicle moves to a new state, he or she must get new license
plates. Unlike the US, in Britain the registration number of each new vehicle is registered
with the DVLA and stays with the vehicle even if it moves to a new area or has a new

Vocabulary notes
to afford smth — позволять себе current — теперешний, современный
что-л. custom-made — сделанный на заказ
to allocate smth — выдавать что-л. decade — десятилетие
ambitious — амбициозный, тщеслав- dealership — торговая точка, место
ный продажи
area — район to designate [deznet] — обозначать
the authorities — власти dissatisfaction — недовольство
automobile AE — car BE to distinquish — различать, отличать
to be more precise — точнее elite [elit] — элитный, элитарный
by way of illustration — в качестве to entitle — озаглавливать
иллюстрации exclusive — исключительный
character — зд.: знак (буква или цифра) to exist — существовать
to cherish — любить, ценить extra — дополнительный
chik [
ik] — шик, шикарный to fancy — нравиться (syn. to like)
to clip out — вырезать (из газеты, fanciful — причудливый, необычный
журнала) (clipping — заметка, выре- featured numbers — рекламируемые
занная из газеты или журнала) номера
to come into force — вступать в силу fee — зд. сбор, взнос
to confuse — спутать, сбивать с толку to fill in a form — заполнять бланк
to contain — содержать (ср.: рус. кон- format [fmæt] — зд. система
тейнер) hackney carriage — наемный экипаж
convict — заключенный he is it — он «пуп земли»
to correspond to smth — соответство- heading — заглавие, заголовок (ср.:
вать чему-л. headline — заголовок газетной статьи)
to cost a pretty penny — обойтись/ identification — установление, выяснение
влететь/встать в копеечку in many respects — во многих отноше-
cup — кубок ниях
272 Unit 36

Vocabulary notes
to introduce — вводить vanity p. syn prestigious p. — пре-
to keep up with the Joneses — не от- стижный регистрационный знак
ставать от других prestigious — престижный
to label — наклеивать ярлык, этикетку proprietor — владелец (бизнеса, гости-
list — список ницы, газеты)
price l. — прейскурант quality — качество
to l. — перечислять to queue [kju] — стоять в очереди
to live paycheck to paycheck AE — random — взятый наугад
жить от зарплаты до зарплаты randomly — наугад, не в определён-
local identifier, syn. local memory ном порядке
tag — указатель места region [rid n] — область, регион
lodger — жилец, квартиросъемщик to relate to smth — относиться
Lord Justice — член кассационного к чему-л.
суда to represent — представлять, быть
motorbike, syn. motorcycle — мото- представленным
цикл to require — требовать
Napier [nepi] — марка автомашины to secure — обеспечивать
nobleman — дворянин sequence [sikwns] — ряд, цепочка
the not so rich — небогатые люди slash — слеш (косая черта)
Now for the new system — Теперь forward s. — правый слеш
о новой системе source — источник
objector — несогласный space — место, пространство
on sale — в продаже (ср. выше: to stand for smth — означать что-л.
Unit 17 FOR SALE — Продается) state owned — являющийся государ-
particular — конкретный ственной собственностью
to pass an Act — принимать закон survey — опрос
to permit — позволять, разрешать tournament [tnmnt] — турнир
plate — пластинка to turn a blind eye to smth — смотреть
bargain p. — дешевый регистраци- на что-л. сквозь пальцы
онный знак unlike smth/smb — в отличие от
license p. AE — регистрационный чего-л., кого-л.
знак vanity — тщеславие
number p., numberplate BE — реги- to vary — варьировать(ся), колебаться
страционный знак you have money to burn — вам денег не-
to issue a n.p. — выдавать регистра- куда девать, у вас денег куры не клюют
ционный знак

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
вторая (буква) обозначает конкретное агентство, где была зарегистрирована авто-
машина; Закон вступил в силу; Трудно поверить; Их выдаёт правительство шта-
та; К ней я подойду позже; Вы, конечно, знаете; Вы случайно не знаете…?; А если
Number plates 273

человек не может себе позволить платить такие деньги?; Мы пошли значительно

дальше; Чем новая система отличается от старой?; если автомашина государствен-
ная; были использованы все буквы алфавита; сохраняется у машины; Какие буквы
соответствуют каким районам; что-то особенное, чего нет в прейскуранте; Тепе-
решняя система была введена; последовали протесты со стороны многих автовла-
дельцев; Так что по регистрационному знаку можно определить, насколько богат
и честолюбив владелец; Если он живёт от зарплаты до зарплаты и тем не менее
хочет иметь персональный регистрационный знак, чтобы не отстать от других?;
первый выданный лондонский регистрационный знак; как, например, моя (ав-
томашина); Причиной их недовольства было; год обозначался буквой; простоять
в очереди всю ночь; если вам денег некуда девать; Во многих отношениях; пере-
езжает в другой штат; по новому закону все машины должны были быть зареги-
стрированы и иметь регистрационный знак; недавний опрос показал, что; вы мо-
жете заказать персональный регистрационный знак; Сочетания трёх последних
букв носят случайный характер; В отличие от США; тем не менее многие все ещё
не могут разобраться в  ней; из числа имеющихся в  продаже; В  этом смысле мы
должны рассматривать старую и новую системы в отдельности; Но это вам влетит
в копеечку; Первая буква регистрационного знака обозначает район регистрации
машины; Этот перечень начался в сентябре 2001 года с цифры 51; число знаков
минимум два, а максимум — насколько хватит места; Он достался представите-
лю аристократических кругов; пронумерованы подобно заключённым; поступают
в торговую точку при регистрации автомашины; До сих пор власти закрывали на
это глаза; но ведь в те времена только богачи могли позволить себе иметь автомо-
биль; чтобы заполучить исключительный регистрационный знак.

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) ... 1963 and 2001, they used … all letters … the alphabet. 2) You can see the word
Wimbledon … the right. 3) The sequence started … September 2001 … ‘51’. 4) … the
not so rich, there are bargain plates … prices varying … £49 … £1499. 5) It resulted …
protests … many motorists. 6) ‘Where does the new system differ … the old one?’ ‘…
many respects.’ 7) The first number O is … March-August registration. 8) The registra-
tion number … each new vehicle is registered … the DVLA and stays …the vehicle even
if it moves … new area. 9) Prices may vary … a few hundred … several thousand pounds.
10) Here’s a list … age identification numbers used … the new number plate format and
the years they correspond … . 11) The second relates … a particular DVLA office it was
registered … . 12) A licence could be obtained … filling … a form and paying a small
fee … a post office. 13) Now … the new system, please. 14) The authorities have turned
a blind eye … that. 15) … way … illustration, I’ve clipped … … you this beautiful num-
ber plate. 16) What if they live paycheck … paycheck? 17) Vehicles have a white plate …
the front. 18) The Act came … force … January 1, 1904. 19) Many people are still con-
fused … it. 20) A car … the letters AB would be … the Anglia region (A), and registered
… the Peterborough DVLA office (B). 21) You can buy … … those … sale any number
plate you fancy. 22) These contain enough letters and numbers … the number … cars …
the state. 23) The number … characters … personal number plates may vary … two … as
274 Unit 36

many as space permits. 24) If the owner … a vehicle moves … a new state, he or she must
get new license plates. 25) … the number plate you can tell how rich and ambitious a car
owner is. 26) The last three letters … the registration are randomly chosen and allocated
… a dealership when the car is registered. 27) … the past, the year … which a car was
made was shown … a letter … the start or the end … the registration number. 28) If the
car is state owned, you can sometimes learn what ministry or department it belongs … .
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. When were car number plates introduced in the UK?
2. What were the first English and Scottish numbers?
3. What system of number plates existed in the UK from 1963 until 2001?
4. Where does the new system differ from the old one?
5. What do the first two letters show?
6. What do the next two numbers show?
7. How much are unique ready-made and custom-made number plates?
8. What can you tell about a person from their number plates?
9. What are the American counterparts of British number plates?
10. What is the main difference between them?
Exercise 4. What kind of person is the owner of number plates X 10 1 10 X?
Exercise 5. Where and when were the cars registered if their number plates are LS 05
FWO, OU 54 NBE, YT 07 XMP, NL 07 GVA, GL 10 JWK, WF 02 SVX, HJ 62 YKV?

Exercise 6. Read and translate these clippings (use a  dictionary where necessary).
Find the answers to these questions:
1. Why do thieves steal car number plates?
2. What do they do with the petrol?
3. What do police urge motorists to do?

SUNDAY MIRROR 13.7.2008, p. 35

Car plate thieves in fuel fraud

THIEVES are cashing in on the fuel crisis plates at pumps. Thieves know we can’t
by stealing car number plates so they trace them if they use stolen plates.” One
can make off with petrol from fore- victim of plate theft is Hampshire car
courts. salesman Malcolm Mathews.
They then either use the petrol The theft of Mathews’ licence plate
themselves or siphon it off to sell. from a  busy area in the middle of the
A police spokesman said: “Most ga- day has prompted police to urge motor-
rages have CCTV to record car number ists to be extra vigilant.
Number plates 275

ADVERTISER & TIMES 9.7.2011, p. 24

Drivers warned over number plate thieves

CAR owners are being warned to be from petrol stations and dodging con-
vigilant after a spate of number plate gestion charges.
thefts in Lymington and New Milton. Police said if victims receive fines or
Police are advising motorists to letters after a  number plate theft, they
secure them with special clutch head should reply immediately to the issuing
screws, which are cheap and widely authority with an explanation and any
available from motor parts retailers. Of- documentary evidence.
ficers believe the stolen parts are fitted It is an offence to display the wrong
to cars to conceal their identity in crimes vehicle registration mark, and those
such as speeding, illegal parking, thefts caught could face a fine of up £1,000.

Exercise 7. Now do the same with this clipping from the Daily Mail to find out what
caused the misunderstanding1 described.

DAILY MAIL 7.7.2008

Parking fine? I was 170 miles away

HE uses a mobility scooter and has not nearly 30 hours if he travelled at the
left the Isle of Wight since moving there scooter’s top speed of 6mph.
two years ago. However, he would have to per-
So Arnold Saunders was stunned suade eight people to let him recharge
to receive a fine for parking his electric its battery en route, as it has a range of
buggy without a  ticket 170 miles from just 20 miles.
home in Birmingham. A spokesman for Birmingham city
The 89-year-old, who would have council said a  ticket had been issued
to use a  ferry and three motorways to two weeks ago to a  car displaying the
reach the city, said the trip would take same registration plate as Mr Saunders
but had now been cancelled.

misunderstanding — недоразумение
276 Unit 36

Exercise 8. Not only the number plates, but the make of the car, its appearance and
condition tell you a lot about its owner. Read and translate these excerpts (use a dic-
tionary where necessary).


The truth is that car choice, like almost his children to smart public schools
everything else in England, is mostly where they learnt to look down on pet-
about class. Try saying, ‘Now let me it-bourgeois middle-class businessmen.
guess… I’d say you probably drive a big But class distinctions, and class
Mercedes.’ anxieties, don’t stop with the make of
If your subject looks hurt or an- car you choose to drive. The English will
noyed, and responds either tetchily, also gauge your social rank by the ap-
with a forced laugh, or with a scornful pearance and condition of your car —
comment about ‘rich trash’ or ‘wealthy the way in which you care for it, or do
businessmen’, you have hit the adja- not care for it.
cent-class insecurity button. Your sub- How clean and shiny — or dirty and
ject has made it into the upper-middle scruffy  — is your car? As a  crude rule
‘intelligentsia’, ‘professional’ or ‘country’ of thumb: spotless, shiny cars are the
set, and is anxious to distinguish him- hallmark of the middle-middle, lower-
self from the despised middle-middle middle and upper-working classes;
‘business’ class, with which he almost while dirty, neglected cars are charac-
certainly has some family connec- teristic of the uppers, upper-middles
tions. You will find that his father (or and lower-workings (or in many cases
even grandfather  — these prejudices ‘not-workings’ — the deprived, unem-
are passed down the generations) was ployed, underclasses). In other words,
a  petit-bourgeois middle-class busi- dirty cars are associated with both the
nessman of some sort — perhaps a suc- highest and very lowest ends of the
cessful shopkeeper or sales manager or social scale, clean cars with the middle
even a well-off car dealer — who sent ranks.

Now answer these questions:

1) What does the Mercedes test show?
2) Who are dirty and clean cars associated with?
Number plates 277

Exercise 9. Here are two examples of number plates you would not be able to get in
the UK for love or money1, not even from Elite Registrations. Find out from this clip-
ping how rich the car owners are and where they come from.

DAILY MAIL 9.8.2010, p. 20

Around the corner from Harrods, The auto show continued with a
I  saw one Veyron with every inch of Rolls-Royce Phantom customised with
its bodywork coated in gold; another, a  stainless steel bonnet. The number
chromed all over. Behind it, I  watched plate on this car is simply ‘1’. Later that
a Veyron in pearlised white with shiny day I Googled this vehicle and dis-
chromium wings making a  noise like covered that a  couple of years ago its
a scalded Rottweiler. The Saudi number Dubai-based owner paid £9 million for
plate on this car was ‘999’. the registration number alone.

Note: 999 [nain nain nain] is the telephone number used in the UK for calling the
police, fire or ambulance2 services in an emergency3.

not for love or/nor money infml — ни за какие деньги/коврижки
ambulance — карета «Скорой помощи»
emergency [md nsi] — чрезвычайная ситуация
278 Chapter 10 Unit

A: What do you think of going to Greenwich?
B: What is there to see in Greenwich?
A: Oh, plenty. The first thing that catches your eye is the Cutty Sark, the most famous
and only remaining Clipper Ship, built in 1869 and recently restored after a fire.
B: What else?
A: Then there is the National Maritime Museum where you can learn the story of Britain
and the sea, the elegant Queens House royal palace and, of course, the Old Royal Obser-
B: Is it there that the zero meridian runs?
A: Yes, and there you can stand astride the meridian line.
B: Straddle the zero meridian? What a great idea!
A: Greenwich, for me, as for many others, is associated with Greenwich Mean Time
which is a standard for calculating the time in other countries. But I’ve noticed Ameri-
cans avoid using that term.
B: Right. Instead of the abbreviation GMT, they often use utc, that is ‘universal time co-
ordinated’. You can also hear on the Voice of America announcements like it’s coming on
15 hours universal time!
A: Why? What’s wrong with Greenwich Mean Time?
B: They probably want to avoid confusion with their own Greenwich, Connecticut, and
with Greenwich Village which is a section of New York City. Nowadays along with GMT
British electronic media often use the abbreviation CET (Central European Time). It is
one hour ahead of GMT and two hours behind Moscow time.
A: When do they use GMT and when CET?
B: When announcers give you the time in London at the moment of speaking, naturally
they use GMT. CET is often used when speaking of future programmes. How do we get
to Greenwich?
A: By train from London Bridge, by Underground via Island Gardens and a foot tunnel
under the Thames or by riverbus.
B: Where can we get on the riverbus?
A: We could start from Festival Pier, from London Bridge Pier or from St. Katherine Pier
at Tower Bridge.
B: London Bridge will suit us best, since it must be close to London Bridge Underground
station which is on our Northern Line. What are riverbus fares?
A: 10 min — £1.40, 30 min — £4.20, ‘All Day Travel’ — £6.00 (Adult) and £3.00 (Chil-
Riverbus 279

(On board a riverbus)

B: What’s this?
A: Safety card. It says, among other things, that no smoking is permitted on board and
passengers must remain seated while the vessel is moving.
B: The Thames is not the sea. An accident is hardly likely.
A: And yet it is not entirely ruled out. Listen: “Your Riverbus crew are trained in emer-
gency procedures. In the unlikely event of a serious incident they will give clear instruc-
tions. Please remain in your seat, remain calm and listen carefully to their instructions.”
B: Do we get lifejackets?
A: Your lifejacket is under your seat. If you need to put it on, you will be told.
B: What skyscraper is that on our left?
A: It’s the tallest in London and the second tallest in Europe.
B: How tall is it?
A: 244 m or 800 ft. It’s part of a large-scale office development named Canary Wharf.
B: But why ‘Wharf ’?
A: Because it is in London’s Docklands.
B: I think we are now approaching Greenwich.
A: Yes, we are almost there.

Vocabulary notes
aboard; syn. on board — на борту, на astride — верхом
борт carefully — осторожно, тщательно; зд.:
along with — наряду внимательно
announcer — диктор to catch smb’s eye — бросаться кому-л.
to approach smth — приближаться в глаза
к чему-л. СЕТ (Central European Time) — цен-
to associate — ассоциировать(ся) тральноевропейское время
280 Unit 37

Vocabulary notes
clipper — клиппер lifejacket — спасательный жилет
confusion — смешение, путаница maritime — морской, приморский
crew — команда, экипаж meridian — меридиан
development — развитие; зд.: ново- observatory — обсерватория
стройка; ср. выше: a new d. — новый pier — пирс
микрорайон to rule out — исключать (возможность)
emergency procedure — порядок дей- to straddle — сидеть верхоˆм
ствий в чрезвычайных ситуациях utc = universal time coordinated — со-
foot tunnel — пешеходный тоннель гласованное всемирное время
gardens — сквер, ботанический сад wharf [wf] — верфь
GMT = Greenwich Mean Time — zero — нуль, нулевой
среднее время по Гринвичу z. meridian — нулевой меридиан, syn.
instructions — указания time meridian
large-scale — крупномасштабный

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian sen-
Если потребуется его надеть, вам скажут; А чем плохо «среднее время по Гринви-
чу»?; Да, мы почти приехали; Несчастный случай маловероятен; Однако он не ис-
ключён; Этот небоскрёб — второй по высоте в Европе; Команда речного трамвая
умеет действовать в аварийной ситуации; Как нам добраться до Гринвича?; В слу-
чае серьёзного ЧП (что маловероятно) команда даст вам чёткие указания; А что
смотреть в Гринвиче?; Пожалуйста, оставайтесь на своих местах, сохраняйте спо-
койствие и внимательно слушайте их указания; Это там проходит нулевой мери-
диан?; Лондонский мост нас устроит лучше всего; При движении судна пассажиры
должны оставаться на своих местах; Как насчёт того, чтобы съездить в Гринвич?;
Что ещё?; Вы можете стать так, чтобы одна нога была по одну, а другая — по дру-
гую сторону от меридиана; Первое, что вам бросается в глаза, это «Катти Сарк»;
Они, возможно, хотят избежать путаницы с их собственным Гринвичем; когда го-
ворится о будущих программах; Сейчас почти 15 часов по Гринвичу.
Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.
1) An accident is not entirely ruled ... . 2) Where can we get ... the riverbus? 3) We could
start ... St. Katherine Pier ... Tower Bridge. 4) It’s the tallest skyscraper ... London. 5) What
do you think ... going ... Greenwich? 6) They probably want to avoid confusion ... their
own Greenwich. 7) Your lifejacket is ... your seat. 8) You can stand ... the meridian line.
9) The safety card says, ... other things, that no smoking is permitted ... board. 10) If you
need to put it ... , you will be told. 11) Instead ... the abbreviation GMT, they use utc.
12) Please remain ... your seat. 13) What skyscraper is that ... our left? 14) London Bridge
Underground station is ... the Northern Line. 15) Listen carefully ... their instructions.
16) Greenwich, ... me, as ... many others, is associated ... Greenwich Mean Time which is
a standard ... calculating the time ... other countries. 17) The Riverbus crew are trained ...
Riverbus 281

emergency procedures. 18) What’s wrong ... Greenwich Mean Time? 19)... the unlikely
event... a serious incident they will give clear instructions. 20) “How do we get ... Green-
wich?” — “... train ... London Bridge, ... Underground ... Island Gardens and a foot tunnel
... the Thames or ... riverbus.” 21) … … GMT British electronic media often use CET.
22) It is one hour … … GMT and two hours … Moscow time. 23) When announcers give
you the time … London … the moment … speaking naturally they use GMT.
Exercise 3. Answer these questions:
1. What is there to see in Greenwich?
2. Why don’t Americans use the term GMT?
3. How does one get to Greenwich from Central London?
4. What are riverbus fares?
5. What precautions are taken on board a riverbus?
6. What is Canary Wharf?
Exercise 4. You may think that a shipwreck on a river is hardly likely. Yet it is a possibil-
ity. Read and translate this clipping (use a dictionary where necessary). Then answer
these questions:
1. What is the name of the tugboat?
2. How long did it take to sink?
3. How many crew members were missing and how many were rescued?
4. What did a witness say?
5. Where on the Thames did the accident occur?

THE SUN 13.8.2011, p.21

Crewman missing after tug capsizes


A TUGBOAT sank in 60 SECONDS on the A witness said: “The front tug

River Thames yesterday, with one of its seemed to hit a buoy and capsize.
crew missing. “It was submerged very quickly —
The search for the man, named lo- in a minute or two. I saw two men be-
cally as Darren Lacy, was called off last ing pulled out the water.
night. “All the boats in the area scrambled to
It is thought he was in the engine search for the third man. As the minutes
room of the Chieftain  — one of two dragged on, I started to fear the worst.”
tugs towing a crane barge. Rescuers spent four hours search-
Two other men on board were res- ing for the missing man after the 11 am
cued by a passing speedboat. accident near London’s Greenwich Pier.
282 Unit 37

Exercise 5. Here is the back of a riverbus ticket. Read its text carefully (use a dictionary
where necessary). Find there the answers to these questions:
1. When is this ticket valid for use?
2. Who are you to show your ticket to?
3. Can you transfer1 the ticket to another person?
4. Whose property is the ticket?



Our Riverbus Tickets allow you the freedom of the entire Our Riverbus Service
for one day, excluding the service to the London City Airport.

The Explorer Ticket will be issued on the Our Riverbus, or at our Sales Offices.
The ticket should be sealed within the wallet. Please show your ticket to Our
Riverbus staff on request.

Check the date of the Explorer Ticket, as it is only valid for the day shown.

This ticket is not transferable.

Issued subject to current regulations and conditions of the Our Riverbus LTD.

This ticket is the property of the Our Riverbus LTD.

Exercise 6. Find in the Safety Card below the answers to these questions:
1. What restrictions are imposed2 on passengers?
2. How are the two kinds of exit from the passenger saloon marked?
3. How do passengers learn how to put on lifejackets?
4. What are passengers to board in the event of a serious incident?

to transfer — передавать
to impose restriction on smb — налагать ограничения на кого-л.
Riverbus 283

All passengers should read this card carefully.
It provides important information for your safety and comfort.
NO SMOKING is permitted on board.
Passengers must remain seated while the vessel is moving.
Access is not allowed to the outside deck.


The diagram below shows the layout of this Riverbus.
The emergency exits from the passenger saloon are clearly marked.

Lifejackets are located under the seats

Your River/Bus crew are trained in emergency procedures.

In the unlikely event of a serious incident they will give clear instructions. Please
remain in your seat, remain calm and listen carefully to their instructions. Your life-
jacket is under your seat. If you need to put it on you will be told. Instructions for
putting on your lifejacket are shown in the diagram below.
Should it be necessary to board the liferaft this will be done through the doors at
the rear of the cabin.


• Place lifejacket over head passing side-tapes under arms

• Pull side-tapes down firmly until lifejacket grips body
• Cross side-tapes behind back and return to front
• Tie side-tapes securely between upper and lower front pads
284 Unit 37

Exercise 7. Examine the ticket below. Find in it the answer to these questions:
1. What museum and observatory are such tickets issued1 by?
2. Which of them are holders2 entitled3 to visit?
3. How many people is the ticket meant for4?
4. How do you know?
5. What date was the ticket valid5 for?
6. What will donations6 be spent on?
7. What donations are suggested?
8. What was the pound-to-dollar exchange rate7?
9. What is the Museum’s postcode?


Terms&conditions of entry apply
ROG Admissions
Admits 1 (ONE)
Group A
Booking Ref: 90480900
Greenwich London se10 9nf
ROG Admissions
Booking Ref: 90480900
Group A
Admits 1 (ONE)


We welcome ail donations towards
the ongoing work of the Museum.
If you have enjoyed your visit,
we suggest a donation of €5, $5 or £3.
Thank you.

to issue — издавать, выпускать
holder — владелец
to be entitled to smth — иметь право на что-л.
to mean smth for smb — предназначать что-л. для кого-л.
valid — действителен
donations — пожертвования
exchange rate — обменный курс
Riverbus 285

Exercise 8. Read and translate this clipping about GMT (use a dictionary where neces-
sary) and then answer these questions:
1. How did GMT develop into the global reference point?
2. How did British sailors calculate their longitude?
3. How were time zones created?
4. When was GMT adopted as the official UK time?
5. When was British Summer Time legalised?

DAILY EXPRESS 13.8.2010, p.5

How the world set its clocks to GMT

By Anil Pawar

GREENWICH Mean Time developed point and led to the creation of time
into the global time reference point zones.
thanks to Britain’s naval power in the It was adopted as the official UK
18th and 19th centuries. time in 1880.
British sailors always carried at Not long after, British Summer Time
least one chronometer  — a  highly and the practice of moving clocks for-
precise clock  — set to GMT so they ward an hour between May and Octo-
could calculate their longitude away ber became law with the Summer Time
from the Greenwich Meridian of zero Act in 1916.
degrees. Recent partiamentary attempts
As increasing numbers of mariners to adopt the time used in the rest of
from different nations began using the Western Europe have all failed.
same measurements, GMT became The UK now uses the same time
the universally accepted reference zone as Ireland and Portugal.

bus and boat
A: What is the best way of seeing most sights of London if I am hard pressed for time?
B: There are London Transport Sightseeing Tours.
A: What are they?
B: Traditional red buses with guides on board to point out the sights and tell you about
A: How long does a tour take?
B: About 1½ hours.
Sightseeing bus and boat 287

A: Where does it start?

B: Tours depart throughout the day from four Central London locations. Then there are
so-called hop-on-hop-off buses. There you can hop off to have a closer look at whatever
interests you and then hop on another bus and continue your tour with the same ticket.
A: Are there sightseeing boats?
B: There certainly are. Besides riverbuses (which are primarily part of London’s public
transport system), there are official London sightseeing boats. Once one such boat took
us (my wife, granddaughter and me) from Tower Bridge to Westminster. By the way, if
I had had a Travelcard or an Oyster card at the time of travel, I should have got 1/3 off
the normal riverboat fare.
A: Was there a guide on board?
B: There was and he was giving a running commentary: “Look to your left. There is
HMS Belfast... On your right now is Cleopatra’s Needle” and so on. Shortly before the
boat landed at Westminster Pier, he went around, cap in hand, demanding, “Apprecia-
A: What did he mean?
B: That was his way of asking for a tip.
288 Unit 38

Vocabulary notes
appreciation — высокая оценка в первую очередь, прежде
cap in hand — с кепкой в руках всего
to depart — отправляться; ср. выше: running commentary — непрерыв-
departure — отправление ные пояснения, комментарий по ходу
to go around — обходить всех присут- чего-л.
ствующих shortly before — незадолго до
HMS = Her Majesty’s Ship — Корабль sight — зрелище
Её Величества to see a s. — осматривать достопри-
to hop — прыгать (на одной ноге) мечательность
(to h. on/off a bus — вскочить в авто- sightseeing — осмотр достопримеча-
бус/выскочить из автобуса тельностей
needle — игла to take — зд.: занимать время
to point out — указывать throughout the day — в течение всего
primarily — зд.: в основном, главным дня
образом; ср. выше: primarily — tip — чаевые

Exercise 1. In the dialogue above, find the English equivalents of these Russian phras-
es and sentences:
Незадолго до того, как катер пришвартовался к  пирсу, он обошёл пассажиров
с кепкой в руках, требуя: «Оцените мой труд!»; Посмотрите налево; если у меня
мало времени; и так далее; Что он имел в виду?; Справа — Игла Клеопатры; авто-
бус «вскочи  — выскочи»; Сколько времени длится экскурсия?; Таким способом
он просил на чай; Однажды такой катер доставил меня от Тауэрского моста до

Exercise 2. Fill in the blanks with prepositions and adverbs.

1) Look ... your left. 2) A tour takes ... 1 1/2 hours. 3) That was his way ... asking ... a tip.
4) I am hard pressed ... time. 5) ... your right is Cleopatra’s Needle. 6) London Trans-
port Sightseeing Tours are traditional red buses ... guides ... board to point ... the sights.
7) Shortly ... the boat landed ... Westminster Pier, he went ... , cap ... hand, demanding,
“Appreciation!” 8) Tours depart ... the day ... four Central London locations. 9) Once one
such boat took me ... Tower Bridge ... Westminster. 10) You can hop ... to have a closer
look ... whatever interests you and then hop ... another bus and continue your tour ... the
same ticket.

Exercise 3. Answer these questions:

1. What is the best way of seeing most sights of London if you are hard pressed for time?
2. How long does a tour take?
3. What is a hop-on-hop-off bus?
4. Where does a sightseeing boat differ from a riverbus?
Sightseeing bus and boat 289

Exercise 4. This is a sightseeing boat ticket. Examine it to answer these questions:

1. Is the ticket meant for a cruise1 inside or outside London?
2. What is the boat’s destination?
3. What age group is the ticket meant for?
4. Is it a return ticket?
5. When are such tickets available?
6. When was the ticket issued? (The first digit2 is the day, the second — the month, and
the third — the year)


2 7 6 0 0

cruise [kruz] — поездка по воде, плавание
digit — цифра
290 Chapter 10 Unit

Travelling by air
(Heathrow airport)
Michael: Here we are at Heathrow airport at last.
His Russian friend Gregory: Hope it is fine all the way to Edinburgh.
М.: Hope so. Anyway, so far the weather has been smiling at us.
G.: Did you hear that announcement on the public address system: “British Airways
flight 257 to Edinburgh is now ready for boarding at gate 20”?
М.: So we are just in time.
G.: It’s time for us to cheek in.
М.: Yes, let’s.
G.: What luggage are we to check in?
М.: As for hand luggage, a maximum of one piece of luggage per passenger may be car-
ried in the cabin of the aircraft.
G.: Then we’ll check in this heavy suitcase only. By the way, it’s my firm belief that allow-
ing all passengers the same weight of luggage is grossly unfair. Imagine, I weigh 60 kgs
and another guy is overweight, say, 100 kgs. And yet we are permitted the same 20 kgs
of luggage. I think the allowance should include the combined weight of the passenger
and his luggage. So long as the plane is not overloaded, lightweight passengers should be
allowed excess luggage with no extra charge.
Attendant at the check-in counter (after attaching a  baggage identification tag to the
suitcase): What seats would you prefer?
G.: In the non-smoking area, of course.
Attendant: We have a non-smoking policy on board. The whole flight is non-smoking. Even
Britain’s pubs, restaurants and cafes are now smoke-free. I mean window, centre or aisle seats?
G.: Window seat for me, please.
М.: Then mine is centre. How many passengers does the aircraft seat?
А.: 130. Ву the by, smoking at this terminal is permitted only in specially designated
areas. (Smoking areas).
М.: Here’s our boarding passes (picks them up). Next is baggage screen and walking
through a metal detector gate.
G.: Such a waste of time!
M: Not at all. From time to time midflight explosions are reported, plots to blow up
planes are disrupted, or planes are hijacked. Hence tightened security at airports and air
marshals on board. Your coat, cap, belt and shoes are removed for scanning. Full body
scanners are used, even such as see under our clothes, as well as physical search.
G.: What do you mean?
M.: Frisking, that is searching a  person by feeling quickly over the body in search of
a concealed weapon or explosives. In this way one can spot things that traditional metal
detectors cannot.
Travelling by air 291

G.: But surely some people would like less intrusive screening. Aren’t there less intrusive
ways of screening passengers? How does that agree with civil liberties?
M.: Yes, there are civil liberties involved as well as breach of privacy laws, but foiling
a bomb plot and saving human lives far outweighs all other considerations. From time to
time we hear about suicide bombers trying to bomb themselves up on board an airliner
and blow it up. They pose a terrible threat to the public air service.
G.: Luckily it is not an international, but a domestic flight, so we don’t have to go through
(On board )
G.: Now at long last we are aboard.
A young lady: I’m afraid you are in the wrong seat, sir. I’m so sorry. My apologies, sir.
М.: Which is your row?
The young lady: Thirteen.
М.: And this is row 14. Sorry about that, madam.
G.: So ours is row 14. So much the better. I’m a bit superstitious about the baker’s dozen.
М.: You are not the only one. In some places there are no houses No. 13. And once
I stayed at a hotel in Montreal on the 14th floor which followed the 12th.
The captain (on the intercom): This is your captain speaking. It’s nice to have you with us.
Welcome aboard British Airways flight to Edinburgh. Now from us and the cabin crew
we wish you a pleasant flight. Please make yourselves as comfortable as you can. Due to
a delay of the food van we’ll be somewhat late in departing, but we’ll make it up in flight
and we’ll land as scheduled. The flight is light today. So you’ll have no difficulty in placing
your luggage in the overhead compartment.
М.: And now he’ll be giving an update on the weather along our route. Hope we are not
going to hit any air pockets.
The captain: A safety briefing is to be given shortly. I would appreciate your attention to that.
Senior air hostess: Your flight is under Captain Williamson. I’m senior air hostess Mac-
G.: And now I can guess what she’s going to say next. It’s all the same on all airlines.
‘Please take your seats, fasten your seat belts ready for departure, set the back оf your seat
in an upright position, refrain