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LNG SHIPPING SOLUTIONS

At Wärtsilä, we are passionate about Gas bunkering has no effect at all on the normal
operations of LNG fuelled ships. All commercial activities
optimising lifecycle value by offering precisely while in port can be performed as usual.
what each of our customers need. We can
deliver on this promise because we provide
the most complete offering of marine
products, integrated solutions and services
in the industry – worldwide. We help our
customers find the shorter route to robust
growth and bigger profits through operational
efficiency, environmental excellence, fuel
flexibility and services. Even though this
brochure offers only a glimpse at why Wärtsilä
nowadays powers one in every three ships
worldwide, it nevertheless demonstrates how
we are able to customise our comprehensive
offering in order to give customers a crucial
competitive edge. What can we do for you?

DUAL-FUEL INSTALLATION ADVANTAGES

GAS: A GREEN SOLUTION The advantage of transporting LNG is States Dollars per million British Thermal
In an era characterised by ever more stringent clear: a defined volume of LNG contains Units – USD/MMBTU”
emission regulations and volatile fuel prices, approximately 600 times more energy than the This difference is derived from the fact that
ship owners and operators are faced with same volume of NG. The transformation from liquid fuels have fairly standardised and constant
serious challenges. gaseous to liquid phase implies that cryogenic energy contents, while the energy content for
Different authorities are setting temperatures are reached. natural gas varies depending on its composition.
environmental requirements aimed Liquefied natural gas is the most In order to be able to compare the price of
at respecting international standards. advantageous to transport and store gas liquid fuels with that of natural gas, they should
Nevertheless, at the same time they stress the onboard. However, all equipment related to all be harmonised according to a common
importance of a localised approach. gas storage, handling and utilisation should energy unit (MMBTU, for example).
So, how to comply with new environmental be designed in order to continuously operate Results show that natural gas has always
rules and yet maintain cost-efficient in cryogenic conditions, thereby ensuring the been cost competitive against other marine
operations? A complete range of diversified safety and reliability of the installation. fossil fuels, and its price has consistently
alternatives could be proposed but only one been lower than any other single liquid fuel
seems to fulfil all the requirements – switching GAS IS THE MOST AFFORDABLE alternative.
to natural gas. LIQUID FUEL
Natural gas (NG) is a mixture of different Liquid fossil fuels and natural gas are normally MAIN FUEL FLEXIBILITY
gases consisting primarily of methane. It is priced by using two different measuring units. Fuel flexibility gives owners and operators
usually found in association with fossil fuels •• Heavy fuel oil (HFO), marine diesel oil (MDO) the chance to select the most suitable
and in the past represented a by-product of oil and marine gas oil (MGO) are quoted based fuel depending on such factors as local
production. Unwanted natural gas was burned on a price-per-mass quantity, the common environmental restrictions, fuel price variations,
off at the well site or pumped back into the oil unit being “United States Dollars per ton of and fuel bunkering availability.
reservoir with an “injection well”. liquid fuel – USD/ton” Fuel flexibility also represents a safety feature
Today, natural gas is traded around the world •• Natural gas prices are usually set, on the of particular interest for marine applications. In
by pipeline (in its gaseous form) or by sea in its other hand, by the traded energy content, the case of an interruption to the gas supply,
liquid form (liquefied natural gas, LNG). the commonly utilised unit being “United dual-fuel (DF) engines automatically and

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The world’s first LNG powered PSV, the ‘Viking Energy’, designed and powered by Wärtsilä, has been in
operation since 2003.

Example of emission reductions obtained by OUTSTANDING EMISSIONS COMPLIANCY •• NOX emissions are reduced by approximately
switching to gas. In meeting the challenges set by the 85%, thanks to the lean burn combustion
increasingly stringent emission regulations, process implemented in DF engines.
switching the main source of power from liquid •• SOX emissions are almost completely
instantly change to diesel operation without residual fuels to natural gas represents a very eliminated, since natural gas does not
any loss in speed or power. This feature favourable opportunity. contain any sulphur.
ensures an additional level of operational When a medium-speed DF engine runs in “gas •• Particle production is practically non-
safety, not present in a single-fuel installation. mode” (natural gas as the primary source of existent, due to the efficient combustion of
A unique feature of Wärtsilä dual-fuel energy), the following targets are achieved: natural gas, a fuel with almost no residuals.
engines is their ability to run on natural gas, •• CO2 emissions are reduced by In gas mode, Wärtsilä medium-speed DF
marine diesel oil, heavy fuel oil and bio fuels, approximately 30%, thanks to a lower engines are already compliant with the IMO’s
thus providing maximum flexibility in fuel carbon content in natural gas compared to Tier III regulations without the need of any
choice. liquid fuels. secondary exhaust gas purification systems.

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Existing or under construction
Proposed

Marine LNG import regasification and export terminals.

Furthermore, in liquid fuel oil mode, all Wärtsilä In order to overcome this problem, Wärtsilä THE COMPLETE BUNKER SYSTEM
DF engines are fully compliant with the IMO’s has developed its 6,500 cbm LNG bunker Wärtsilä provides all the necessary elements
Tier II exhaust emission regulations set out in carrier, the WSD59 6.5K, a self-propelled for marine LNG bunkering operations, for which
Annex VI of the MARPOL 73/78 convention. bunkering vessel able to transport LNG from the fuel transfer pump plays an important role.
standard large-scale facilities directly to the For more than 50 years, Wärtsilä Svanehøj
AVAILABILITY OF GAS mooring sites. has been the market leader in cryogenic cargo
Natural gas in its liquid form is transported When a vessel is powered by Wärtsilä DF pumps for liquid gas, and more than 1.000
by sea. Liquefied natural gas carriers move engines utilising LNG as the primary marine ships are utilising our pumps.
massive quantities of natural gas from fuel, gas bunkering has no impact on the time When selecting a pump for bunkering
liquefaction terminals to regasification terminals, spent in port. All commercial activities during operations, it is important to consider the
all around the globe. Liquefied natural gas is the port call can be performed as normal quality of the LNG and the type of receiving
available at all these on-shore facilities. while the LNG tank is, at the same time, being tank system. The flexibility of our variable
Marine LNG import and export terminals refilled by the LNG carrier. speed pumps enables bunker vessels to supply
are to be found virtually everywhere, meaning The Wärtsilä LNG bunker carrier is designed any fuel tank system, regardless of the design
that LNG is basically available anywhere in the with a diesel-electric/mechanical application pressure and flow.
world. A number of new additional terminals based on the Wärtsilä 20DF engine.
are planned to come on stream during the next The LNG bunker carrier uses gas as its DUAL-FUEL APPLICATIONS
few years. main source of energy, thus contributing to a IN THE MARINE INDUSTRY
reduction in the environmental impact of the The marine applications that benefit the most
THE WÄRTSILÄ LNG BUNKER CARRIER total chain. from gas operation, are those vessels whose
However, as the current gas market is focusing This consideration is particularly important operations incur a potential risk of non-
on big scale production and distribution, very since these vessels operate entirely within compliance with environmental regulations.
few operators are ready to deliver LNG to harbours or along coastal areas. Dual-fuel technology is elegantly solving the
vessels for use as fuel. challenges set by present and upcoming

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EXAMPLES OF LNG-FUELLED VESSEL TYPOLOGIES

Low Emission Container Feeder: WSD80 3800 TEU.

Costal/Deep-Sea Multigas Carrier: WSD 55 12K.

The Middle East’s very first LNG Tug, currently under


construction at Drydocks World, Dubai.

emissions legislation without the need for


installing any exhaust abatement equipment in
The VS 485 MKIII LNG PSV continues more than a decade of success for Wärtsilä designs.
the exhaust pipe.
Short-sea routers, as well as ferries
constantly operating between defined ports,
are the main applications where a propulsion
train based on gas-propulsion offers the
biggest advantages. This consideration
becomes even stronger when the operation is
influenced by sailing periods spent in Emission
Control Areas.
In particular, container feeders, ferries and
ro-ros represent typical vessel fleets that could
be converted to gas operation. Gas offers a
simpler solution for new built ships and for
retrofitting vessels for a greener tomorrow. The LNG fuelled Aframax Tanker featuring Wärtsilä’s WSD42 IIIK design,
is best in its class for fuel efficiency.
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MARINE INSTALLATION FEATURES
To operate on gas fuel, vessels require some to directly utilize the engines’ cooling water. All sensitive components, including the electric
additional fixtures to enable storage of gas, Therefore fewer interfaces and less installation motor, are placed outside the fuel tank, thereby
and for the onboard processes. work is required. easing maintenance and avoiding the transfer
Wärtsilä is today able to take responsibility The LNGPac can be equipped with either of heat to the LNG. This has a very positive
for the complete fuel storage, process, vacuum insulation or PUR insulation for influence on operational expenditures (OPEX).
distribution and use onboard, providing a installation either on or below deck depending By using a pump to pressurise the LNG,
single-interface partnership to ship owners, on the requirements of the fuel gas handling the tank design pressure can be lowered. This
ship operators and shipyards. system. reduces the initial investment cost (CAPEX).
The LNGPac gas supply system can be
WÄRTSILÄ LNGPac The new, upgraded LNGPac includes the customised to the needs of each project on
Wärtsilä LNGPac™ is a complete fuel gas following customer benefits: a case to case basis by Wärtsilä Fuel Gas
handling system for LNG fuelled ships. It •• Efficient space utilisation Handling’s expert team. We offer dedicated
includes the bunkering station, LNG tank and •• Fewer interfaces engineering in order to meet the specific
related process equipment, as well as the •• Reduced CAPEX & OPEX operational requirements, safety regulations,
control and monitoring system. •• Increased reliability and the rules of each classification society.
We offer the LNG fuel system as a stand •• Maximised LNG storage volume. Gas can be burnt in Wärtsilä’s four-stroke
alone product or as part of a complete and two-stroke dual-fuel engines, which
propulsion system package. ALWAYS THE OPTIMAL SOLUTION are capable of operating on both gas and
Wärtsilä can deliver LNG systems for The ultimate function of a fuel gas system is conventional liquid fuels.
propulsion and power generation for any to store the LNG, convert it to gas, and supply
applicable types of ship or engine. it to the engine under perfect and stable WÄRTSILÄ LNGPac SYSTEM REFERENCE
Our upgraded version of the LNGPac, offers conditions. Since 2000, Wärtsilä engines have been
a simple plug and play solution to fuel gas Wärtsilä uses two principles for transferring selected for more than 200 LNG fuelled
handling by placing the airlock and control LNG fuel, namely the pressure build up system vessels either in operation or under
cabinet inside the tank connection space. The and the cryogenic Wärtsilä Svanehøj ECA fuel construction. At the end of 2014, Wärtsilä had
functional components of the gas valve unit pumps. performed 14 LNGPac installations, the oldest
(GVU) can also be installed inside the tank The ECA fuel pump is a highly flexible of which had been operating successfully for
connection space. solution, providing stable and constant more than a year.
Additionally, the heating media skid is pressure in all weather conditions. The LNGPac system has been specified
replaced by an intermediate heating media The solution is based on the well proven with various types of ships. These include
circuit in the tank connection space. The deepwell technology used in our cryogenic product tankers, cruise vessels, offshore
new circuit requires no pumps and is able cargo pumps for liquid gas. vessels, roll and roll off, feeder container

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The m/s Viking Grace is equipped with two 200 m3 Wärtsilä LNGPacs.

vessels, LPG and ethylene carriers and,


obviously, ferries, such as the Viking Grace
operating between Turku, Finland and
Stockholm, Sweden. This is the largest
passenger vessel in the world today equipped
with two 200 m3 Wärtsilä LNGPacs, including
a Wärtsilä patented system utilising the latent
heat from the LNG evaporation process for the
vessel’s HVAC system (air conditioning). This
system provides significant energy savings for
the whole ship by increasing its total efficiency.

SYSTEMS INTEGRATION Wärtsilä’s medium-speed dual-fuel engine portfolio for both main and auxiliary power production. The
portfolio is available both for electrical and mechanical propulsion applications.
With more than 20 years of experience, and
with more than 1000 gas engines sold and
in constant operation, Wärtsilä is today the
marine sector’s market leader in natural-gas-
based power production. Wärtsilä’s extended
product portfolio, which is particularly strong
on gas applications, is supported by deep
know-how, competence, and design capability.
Together, these attributes make Wärtsilä the
ideal systems integrator whenever propulsion
related equipment needs to be optimised.
Low-speed low pressure dual-fuel technology is based on the proven lean-burn principle
(Otto cycle). It meets IMO Tier III in ECAs without any form of exhaust gas treatment. 7
Wärtsilä is a global leader in complete lifecycle power solutions for the
marine and energy markets. By emphasising technological innovation
and total efficiency, Wärtsilä maximizes the environmental and economic
performance of the vessels and power plants of its customers.
In 2014, Wärtsilä’s net sales totalled EUR 4,779 million with
approximately 17,700 employees. The company has operations in more
than 200 locations in nearly 70 countries around the world. Wärtsilä is
listed on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki, Finland.

02.2016 / Bock´s Office


WÄRTSILÄ® is a registered trademark. Copyright © 2016 Wärtsilä Corporation.