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Answer Keys:-
General Ability
1 D 2 C 3 60 4 D 5 D 6 D 7 B
8 B 9 299.7 10 B

Mechanical Engineering
1 5 2 B 3 B 4 C 5 D 6 C 7 577.4
8 D 9 A 10 2666 11 176.5 12 20.13 13 A 14 C
15 C 16 5.488 17 52.6 18 A 19 C 20 B 21 50
22 D 23 C 24 12.18 25 14.4 26 B 27 C 28 D
29 0.66 30 A 31 B 32 57 33 B 34 A 35 D
36 B 37 B 38 10.1 39 5629 40 1.72 41 C 42 A
43 B 44 93.3 45 B 46 19.6 47 4.43 48 4.56 49 4.85
50 7.53 51 B 52 9.08 53 53.8 54 B 55 319.85

Explanations:-
General Ability

1. Barrack, duplex and gazebo are spaces used for specific purposes while imbrue (which means
soaked) does not fit in the group.

2. The man was treated as madman, hence the word in the first blank will be ‘deranged’; the
others (many) considered themselves to be sober and wise hence ‘prudence’ fits in the second
blank

3. Let breadth = x metres.

Then, length = (x + 20) metres.

5300
Perimeter = m
26.5
= 200m
⇒ 2 ( x + 20 ) + x  = 200
⇒ 2x + 20 = 100
⇒ 2x = 80
⇒ x = 40.

Hence, length = x + 20 = 60 m.

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4. Cataclysmic and catastrophic means disastrous.

5. The answer is option D. Option A uses past continuous tense which is not required since a
truth is mentioned which should be in present tense. Option B is wrong because there is
unnecessary use of present continuous tense. Option C is wrong because ‘so’ changes the
meaning of the sentence and ‘downward on the surface’ should be replaced with ‘downward
from the surface’.

6. Time taken by A to fill the tank = 72 min


Time taken by B to fill the tank = 90 min
Time taken by C to empty the tank = 60 min
Pipes A and B are opened for 14 min.
Part of the tank filled is
1 1 7
= 14 x ( + ) =
72 90 20
7 13
Remaining part of the tank = (1 − ) =
20 20
Now all the pipes are opened
1 1 1 13
tx( + − )=
72 90 60 20
t = time taken to fill remaining part of the tank
t = 78 min
Total time = 78 + 14 min
= 92 min = 1 hr 32min

7. 4 + x + 6 + 8 + y + 0 must be divisible by 3
18+x+y must be divisible by 3
and, ( x + 8 + 0) − ( 4 + 6 + y )
= x − y − 2 must be either 0 or 11
x-y-2=0 ⇒ y = x − 2
18 + x + x − 2 = 16 + 2x
⇒ x can be only 7
∴y=5

8. 6 = LC M of ( 2 & 3) ; 12 = LCM of ( 3, 4 )
20 = LCM of ( 4,5 ) ; 30 = LCM of ( 5,6 )
So the missing numbers P = LCM of (12, 60) = 60
and Q = LCM of (60, 60) = 60

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9. Distance between A and B is 600km


Speed of first train = 54km/hr
Speed of second train = 66km/hr
But 2nd train started 1 hr after the first. So first train might have covered 54 km
54 66

54 600 − 54
=546

Relative speed = 54 + 66 = 120km/hr


546
∴ Time taken = = 4.55
120
First train travels 54 × 4.55 km i.e. 299.7km by the time they meet

10. The answer is option B. Option A is wrong because ‘intellect’ is not given in the paragraph.
Option C can be eliminated because it represents ‘long process of growth of aesthetic ideas’
as a hurdle by using the word ‘though’. Option D is wrong since it was not instinct that was
discovered.

Mechanical Engineering

1. Since f(x) and g(x) satisfied the conditions of cauchy’;s mean value theorem in [1,2]
f ′(x) f (2) − f(1)
∴ =
g′(x) g(2) − g(1)
8−2
⇒2= (∵ f ′(x) = 2g′(x) )
g(2) − 2
⇒ g(2) = 5

 2 −1
2. A+ B=  
4 0 
 4 3
A−B=  
2 6
6 2 3 1 
2A =   ⇒A =  
6 6   3 3
 2 −1  2 −1 3 1  −1 −2 
A+B=   ⇒B =  − = 
4 0   4 0   3 3   1 −3 
3 1  −1 −2   −2 −9 
AB =    = 
3 3  1 −3  0 −15

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3. Let f(x)=7x-3cos x-1


Consider x : 01 2 ... ⇒ f ′(x) = 7 + 3sinx
f (x) :− 4 4379
− +

Choose an interval is − +
(0,1)
0 +1
Let x 0 = = 0.5
2
By Newton-raphson method;
f (x 0 ) f (0.5) −0.132747685
x1 = x 0 − = 0.5 − = 0.5 − ≈ 0.5157

f (x 0 ) ′
f (0.5) 8.438276616

4. Let probability of winning C be ‘x’


Let probability of winning A is ‘2x’
Let probability of winning B is ‘2x’
⇒ x + 2x + 2x =1
1
⇒ x=
5
We have P ( B ∪ C ) = P ( B ) + P ( C ) − P ( B ∩ C )
= P ( B ) + P ( C ) − P ( B ) .P ( C )
2 1 2 1 13
= + − . = = 0.52
5 5 5 5 25

 
5. divp = ∇.p

= (4 x + 8 y 2 z) + (3x 3 − 3x) − (8y 2 z + 2x 3 )


≠0

⇒ p is not solenoidal.
 
Q = xyz 2 p

= xyz 2 (2 x 2 + 8xy 2 z) i + xyz 2 (3x 3 y − 3xy) j − xyz 2 (4y 2 z 2 + 2x 3 z)k


 
divQ = ∇.Q

= ( 6x 2 yx 2 + 16xy3 z 3 ) + ( 6x 4 yz 2 − 6x 2 yz 2 ) − (16xy3 z 3 + 6x 4 yz 2 )
=0

⇒ Q is solenoidal

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F Fl3 F 3EI
6. K= , For a cantilever beam δ = ⇒ = 3
δ 3EI δ l
4 × 40
3 3
3EI  bh 3  1 Eb  h   h  4K h
K= = 3E  × 3 =   ⇒  = = ⇒ = 0.43
l 3
 12  l 4 l l Eb 200 × 10 l

7. BD = 802 − 402 = 69.3 θ


P

Taking moment at B, P × 120 =1000 × 69.3 80

1000 × 69.3
P= = 577.5 N 40 θ
B
120
D 69.3 40 mm

60

8. Area = 16 m 2 , Load = 16 kN; ∆l=0.1m; µ=0.25; c=?


Pl 16 × 103 × 20
E= = = 2 × 105 N / m 2
A × ∆l 16 × 0.1
E = 2c (1 + µ ) ⇒ 2 × 105 = 2 × c (1.25 ) ; c=0.8 × 105 N / m 2

r s
r2
10. r = 0, rdr = ads; ∫ rdr = ∫ ads = 8s ⇒ r = 16 × 2000 = 179 m / sec
0 0
2
0
0 s'
 r2  1792
rdr = ads ⇒ ∫179 ∫ −6ds ⇒   = [ −6s ]2000 ⇒
rdr = = +6 ( s '− 2000 )
s'

2000  2 179 2
s ' = 4670 ∴ Total distance travelled = 2666

11. ( KE + PE )top = ( KE )bot ⇒ Vbot 2 − Vtop 2 = 4gL


mVT 2 mVb 2
Force at top = Ttop + mg = ; Fbot = Tbot − mg =
L L

( Ttop − Tbot ) + 2mg = L ( VT 2 − Vb2 ) = −4gL × L = −4gm


m m

Ttop − Tbot = 6mg = 176.5N

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12. P =1.2N / mm 2
D = 20mm; R = 10mm; δ = 0.025mm ⇒ τS = 85N / mm 2 ; G = 0.85 × 105 N / mm 2
π π 16WR  d 
W = × d 2 × P = × (100 ) × 1.2 = 9424.8N ⇒ τS = 1 + 4R 
2

4 4 πd 3  
d3 16 × 9424.8 × 10  d 
= = 5647.  Negect 1 + 4R as value is small 
1+
d 85 × π  
4R
d 3 = 5647 ⇒ d =17.8mm

15.
150 150
∆T1 = 55
110 110
95
∆T1 = 135 ∆T2 = 15 ∆T2 = 95
95
15

15

Parallel Flow Counter Flow


. .
mc ⋅ Cc ⋅ ∆Tc = m h ⋅ Ch ⋅ ∆Th ⇒ 5 × 4.2 × ∆Tc = 20 × 2.1 × (150 − 110 )
⇒ ∆Tc = 80º C; Tcf = 95º C
95 − 55
( ∆TLMTD )counter flow = = 73.2º C
135 − 15  95 
( ∆TLMTD )parallel = = 54.6º C ln  
 55 
 135 
ln  
 15  ( ∆TLMTD )cross flow is between parallel and counter flow

16. F12 = 1; A1 = 1.5 × 1.75 = 2.625m 2


A 2 = 1.5 × 1.75 + 2 × (1.5 × 2 ) + 2 × (1.75 × 2 ) = 15.625m 2
A1 T2 = 525ºK
F21 = × F12 = 0.168 2 2
T1 = 400ºK
A2
ε2 = 0.85
Q 21 = ? = ( Fg ) × A 2 × σ ( T2 4 − T14 ) ε1 = 0.75
21
1 1.75

(F ) =
A 2  1 − ε1  1  1 − ε 2 
g 21
1
= 0.123 1.5
 + + 
A1  ε1  F21  ε 2 
Q 21 = 5488.74N = 5.488kW

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π
Area = × (110 ) = 9503mm 2
2
17.
4
 P  2 × 250 × 10
3
Maximum ins tan tan ous stress = 2   = = 52.6 N / mm 2
 
A 9503

( Px )
 2
dx P 2 3
18. Strain energy, U = ∫ =
0
2EI 6EI

20.
Basic x1 x2 x3 x4 Solution
Z -2 -1 0 0 0
x3 1 -1 1 0 10
x4 2 0 0 1 40
Because each unit increase in x 2 increases Z by 1, an infinite increase in x 2 leads to an
infinite increase in z. Thus the problem has not bounded solution.

2 × 50000 × 100 50000


21. EOQ = = 1000, number of order = = 50
10 1000

h 0 + h f 45 + 31.5
24. ∆h = 45 − 45 × (1 − 0.3) = 13.5, h = = = 38.25
2 2
800 150 + 200
L = R.∆h = × 13.5 = 73.5mn, σ = = 175 N / mm 2
2 2
h  µL h 
∴P = e − 1 σ = 236.7 N / mm 2 ∴ Load = A × P = 73.5 × P × 700 = 12.18MN
µL  

25.
Year t units ty t2
2007 -2 3 -6 4
2008 -1 4 -4 1
2009 0 7 0 0
2010 1 11 11 4
2011 2 9 18 1
Total 0 34 19 10

a=
∑ y = 3 + 4 + 7 + 11 + 9 = 6.8 ⇒ b = ∑ t ⋅ y = 19 = 1.9
n 5 ∑ t 10 2

y = 6.8 + 1.9t ⇒ t = 4@ 2013, ⇒ y = 6.8 + 1.9 × 4 = 14.4 units

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 1   1 
26. L−1  3  = L−1  2 
s + s  s(s + 1) 
Using partial fractions
1 A Bs + C
= + 2
s(s + 1) s
2
s +1
⇒ solving, A = 1, C = 0, B = −1
 1  1 s 
∴ L−1  2  = L−1  − 2 
 s(s + 1)   s s + 1
1  s 
= L−1   − L−1  2 
s  s + 1
= 1 − cos t

27. Let z = x + iy then


2 z − 1 < z − i ⇒ 2 ( x − 1) + iy < x + i ( y − 1)

( )
⇒ 4 ( x − 1) + y 2 < x 2 + ( y − 1)
2 2

⇒ 4 ( x 2 − 2x + 1 + y 2 ) < x 2 + y 2 − 2y + 1 ∵ u + iv = u 2 + v 2 
 
8 2
⇒ 3x 2 + 3y 2 − 8x + 2y + 3 < 0 ⇒ x 2 + y 2 − x + y + 1 < 0
3 3
⇒ The region is interior of a circle

1
28. p = , n = 18
2
1
⇒q=
2
P ( X ≤ 8 ) = P(X = 0) + P(X = 1) + .... + P(X = 8)

 18  1 o  1 18−0 18  1 1  1 18−1 1 1 


8 18 − 8

=  Co     + C1     + ... + C8     
18

 2 2 2 2  2   2  


≅ 0.04

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29. Given equation can be written as


dy
x cos x + y cos x − xysin x − sin x = 0
dx
dy dy  cos x − x sin x  sin x
x cos x + y ( cos x − x sin x ) = sin x ⇒ + y =
dx dx  x cos x  x cos x
I.F = x cos x
dy 1 dy 1
− cot x.y = − cos ecx.y 2 ⇒ 2 − cot x. = − cos ecx
dx y dx y
−1 1 dy dz
Let =z⇒ 2 =
y y dx dx
dz
+ cot x.z = − cos ecx
dx
cos y
∫ sin x dx
I.F = e = sin x
z sin x = ∫ (− cosecx)sinxdx + c ⇒ zsin x = − x + c
π
at x = , y = 2
4
−1 1 π π 1
⇒ × = +c⇒c= −
2 2 4 4 2
sin x
now =x+c
y
π sin x
⇒ at x = − ⇒ y =
4 x+c
 π 1
sin  −  −
y=  4 ⇒ y= 2  0.66
π π 1 π 1
+ − −
4 4 2 2 2

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 8 −4 
30. A= 
2 2 
∴ The characteristic equation of A is λ 2 − 10λ + 24 = 0
∴ The Eigen values of A are λ = 4,6
By property of Eigen values; we have
if λ be the Eigen value of A ⇒ a 0 λ 2 + a1λ + a 2 is the eigen
Value of a 0 A 2 + a1A + a 2 I
1 152
∴ λ = 4 is the eigen value of A ⇒ 3 ( 4 ) − ( 4) + 3 =
2
is the eigen value of
2 3
1
3A 2 − A + 3I
12
1 221
λ = 6 is the eigen value of A ⇒ 3 ( 6 ) − (6) + 3 =
2
is the
12 2
1
Eigen value of 3A 2 − A + 3I
12

d 2 x γ  dx  k k
31. 2
+   + 8x = 0 ; m = 4, = 8 ⇒ k = 32; ω = = 8=2 2
dt m  dt  m m
γ k
Motion is under-damped b < w 0 i.e. < ⇒ γ < 2 km < 2 32 × 4 < 16 2
2m m
The motion is over-damped if γ > 16 2

120 × 9.81
32. Static deflection = = 1.61 × 10−3 m
730 × 103
1 9.81 2πN ω
Natural frequency = = 12.42 Hz, ω = , Frequency = = 51.7
2π 1.61 × 10−3 60 2π
2 2
 ω   51.7  
1 +  2ξ  1 +  2 × 0.30 ×  
Transmissibility =  ωn  =
  12.42  
2
  ω 2   ω    51.7  2  
2
51.7 
2
1 −    +  2 ξ   
1 −    + 2 × 0.30 × 
  ωn    ωn    12.42    12.42 
2.69 2.69
Transmissibility == = = 0.163
266.589 + 6.238 16.52
Transmitted force = 350 × 0.163 = 57 N

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The max shaft dia is 20 + 0.015 = 20.015


33. 
The min shaft dia is 20 − 0.015 = 19.985 
The max hole dia is 19 + 0.1 = 19.1 

The min hole dia is 19 − 0.05 = 18.95 
So, here the tolerance zone of the hole is below that of the shaft.
Therefore, it is interference fit.

34. P = 1.2 MPa Q = 120kJ


V1 = 0.08m3 W = P ( V2 − V1 )
Q = ∆U + W ⇒ ∆U ⇒ 120 − 24 ⇒ 96 kJ
Work done by stirring W ⇒ − 32 kJ
for the some path ∆ U = + 96 kJ
∵ Q = ∆E + w ⇒ 96 − 32 = 64 kJ

( Pa − PV ) / w  − ( h s + h F )
35. Cavitation factor σ = 
Hm
Pa =101kPa = 101000 N / m 2 ; PV = 2.8kPa = 2800 N / m 2
H m = 60.2m; h f = 1.8m; σ = 0.128
101000 − 2800 
 9810  − ( h S + 1.8 )
0.128 =
60.2
7.7056 = 10 − ( h S + 1.8 ) = 10 − h S − 1.8 ⇒ h S = 0.5m

36. L = 1m d = 0.09
T1 = 400k T2 = 300k
AT π 100
Q = kA ⇒ 420 × × ( 0.09 ) ×
2

L 4 1
= 267.W
Entropy production = entropy change – entropy transfer
2 dQ
= S2 − S1 − ∫
1 T

but entropy change = 0


Q Q  T − T2   100 
Entropy production = 0 − − ⇒ Q 1  ⇒ 267   ⇒ 0.222 W / K
T1 T2  T1 × T2   400 × 300 

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37.
Step Arm C Gear A Gear B
Arm fixed 0 +1 T
− A
TB
Gear A rotates through 0 X TA
n revolution −x
TB
Y x+y TA
y−x
TB
y = 200
x + y = −400 ⇒ x = −400 − 200 = −600rpm
TA 45
NB = y − x = 200 + 600 × = 200 + 300 = 500rpm
TB 90

38. D = 5mm = 0.005m


θ = 2πrad
τ = 42MN / m 2
C = 27GN / m 2
 = Length of the aluminium wire
Let,
Torque transimited by the wire,
π π
T = τ D3 = 42 × 106 × × ( 0.005 ) Nm = 1.031Nm
3

16 16
Polar moment of inertia of a circular section,
π π
JP = × D 4 = ( 0.005 ) = 6.136 × 10−11 m 4
4

32 32
T Cθ 1.031 27 × 109 × 2π 27 × 109 × 2π × 6.136 × 10−11
= , −11
= ∴ = = 10.096m
JP  6.136 × 10  1.031

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39. Given P = 300 kW = 300 ×103 W ; N = 90 rpm , C E = 0.1;k = 2m


2πN 2π × 90
Mean angular speed, ω = = = 9.426rad / s
60 60
Let ω1 and ω2 = maximum and minimum speeds respectively.
Since the fluctuation of speed is ±0.5% of mean speed, fluctuation of speed is,
ω1 − ω2 = 1% ω = 0.01ω
ω1 − ω2
and coefficient of fluctuation of speed, CS = = 0.01
ω
Work done per cycle = P × 60 / N = 300 × 103 × 60 / 90 = 200 × 103 N − m
∴ Maximum fluctuation of energy
∆E = Work done per cycle ×CE = 200 × 103 × 0.1 = 20 × 103 N − m
Let m = mass of the flywheel
We know that maximum fluctuation of energy ( ∆E ) ,
20 × 103
20 × 103 = m.K 2 .ω2 .CS = m × 22 × ( 9.426 ) × 0.01 = 3.554m M = = 5629kg
2
, 3.554

40. Given AC=300mm; CB1 = 120mm , sin ∠CAB1 = Sin ( 900 − α / 2 )


CB1 120
= = = 0.4 ∴∠CAB1 = 900 − α / 2 = sin −1 0.4 = 23.60
AC 300
α / 2 = 900 − 23.60 = 66.40 , α = 2 × 66.4 = 132.80
Time of cutting stroke 3600 − α 3600 − 132.80
= = = 1.72
Time of return stroke α 132.80

41. Total availability of source is greater than the total demand. This requires a dummy demand.
Therefore we take 5+1=6 demand centers and 4 sources (supply) centers.
∴ m = 4, n = 6
Hence, m + n – 1 = 4 + 6 – 1 = 9

43. Since PERT is a BETA DISTRIBUTION. Beta with mean 12 and standard deviation 2 is
correct

N
44. Patm = 1bar = 1 × 105 ; Pabsolute = Pgauge + Patm = ρgh + Patm
m2
= ( −13.6 × 103 × 9.81 × 0.05 ) + 105 2 = 93.3 2
N kN
Pabsolute
m m

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Permissible stress ( σ y )
300
46. =100N / mm 2
3
25 × 1000 31830.9 10 × 1000 12732.4
p= = ; q= =
π 2 d 2
π 2 d2
d ⋅d
4 4
2 2 2
p p 31830.9  31830.9  12732.4 
σ1 = +   + q 2 = 2
+  2  + 2 
2 2 2d  2d   d 
2 2
15915.5  15915.2   12732.4  15915.5 20381.6 18148.6
= +   +  = + =
d2  d
2
  d
2
 d2 d2 d2
15915.5 20381.6 −4461.1
2
p p
σ2 = −   + q 2 = − =
2 2 d2 d2 d2

m +1 
Us = ( σ1 − σ2 ) + ( σ2 − σ3 ) + ( σ3 − σ1 )  ; σ3 = 0
2 2 2

6mE 
m + 1 1  18148.6 4461.1   −4461.1   18148.6   m + 1 4.3 × 108 m + 1
2 2 2

× ( σy )
2
= ×  2
+ 2  + 2  +− 2  = × 4
=
3mE 2  d d   d   d   3mE d 3mE
4.3 × 108
= (100 ) ⇒ d = 19.6mm
2
4
d

ω2 (10 )
2
ω2 r 2
47. h= ; 100 = ⇒ ω = 4.43 rad / sec
2g 2 × 9.81
When the point at the centre of the base is just exposed, the depth of fluid at centre becomes
zero.
Therefore, the depth of parabola equals the height of tank = 100

48. ∆P = P1 − P2 = 800 − 100 = 700 kPa


π 2 π
AC = D = ( 0.06 ) = 2.83 × 10−3
2

4 4

Flow rate (Q) =


( ∆P − ρgLsin θ ) πD 4
128µL
θ = 15O

Q=
( 700 ×10 3
− 900 × 9.81 × 50sin15 ) π ( 0.06 )
4

128 × 0.8 × 50
23.8 3
Q= = 4.65 × 10−3 m
5120 s

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2 × π × 1200
49. φ = 20deg; N1 =1200, ω1 = = 125.7; N 2 = 800 rpm, ω2 = 83.8rad / s; T1 = 30
6
1200 × 30
T2 = = 45 ; Addendum of small gear (pinion)
800
mt T T  3 × 30  45  45  2 
= 1 1 +  + 2  sin 2 φ − 1 =  1 +  + 2 sin 20 − 1 =12.2mm
2 t t  2  30  30  
Addendum of big gear
m.T2  t t  2  3 × 45 30  30 
=  1 +  + 2  sin φ − 1 = 1 +  + 2  sin 2 20 − 1 = 6.7 mm
2  T T   2 45  45 
m ⋅ t 3 × 30
Pitch circle radius of pinion = = = 45mm
2 2
m × T 3 × 45
Pitch circle radius of gear = = = 67.5mm
2 2

rA = radius of addendum circle = 45 + 12.2 = 57.2mm ⇒ R A = 67.5 + 6.7 = 74.2mm

Path of access = (RA ) − R 2 .cos 2 φ − R sin φ = ( 74.2 ) − 67.52.cos 2 20 − 67.5sin 20O =15.42
2 2

Path of recess = ( rA ) − r 2 ⋅ cos 2 φ − r sin φ = ( 57.2 ) − 452 × cos 2 20 − 45sin 20 = 23.13mm


2 2

Sliding velocity of disengagement = ( ω1 + ω2 ) × 23.13 = 4.85m / s

π
Volume of casting 4 (
600 ) ( 40 )
2

50. Pouring time T= = = 7.53s


Flow rate 15 × 105

51. Weekly demand = 200; Number of weeks = 52; Annual demand =200 x 52 = 10400
Ordering cost = 500; Unit cost = 600; Carrying cost = 65
2 × CO × D 2 × 500 × 10400 400
EOQ = − = 400 ⇒ Time between order = × 52 = 2 weeks
CC 65 10400
Periods Reiview system
Review period R = 2 weeks
Mean demand during ( R + l ) = 200 × ( 2 + 2 ) = 800
Stan dard deviation of demand during ( l + R ) = σ ( l + R ) = 2 + 2 × 45 = 90
Torque level 95th percentage = 1.645 × 90 =148.05
Order up to position = 800+148=948

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52. ro = 1.3 ri
For uniform wear condition
pr = c ⇒ c = 0.07 ri N / mm
Axial load on friction plate
W = 2πc ( ro − ri ) = 2π × 0.07 ri (1.3ri − ri ) = 0.13ri 2 N
S = Total stiffness of spring = 40 × 8 = 320 N / mm
W 2907
Axial force = 0.13ri 2 = 2907 N; Initial compression = = = 9.08mm
s 320

π 2 π
At inlet, h1 = 3213.6, ν1 = 0.073, A1 = A 2 = d = ( 0.2 ) = 0.0314 m 2
2
53.
4 4
At outlet, h 2 = 3202.6, ν 2 = 0.084
A1V1 A 2 V2 AV V 0.084
As = ⇒ ν2 = 1 1 ; 2 = V1 = 1.15V1
ν1 ν2 ν1 A 2 0.073
Steady flow energy equation
V2 dQ V2 dW
h1 + 1 + z1g + = h 2 + 2 + z 2g +
2 dm 2 dm
dW
As there is no change in datum hence z1 = z 2 and also =0
dm

V12 dQ V2 ( V22 − V12 ) = h − h + dQ = 3213.6 − 3202.6 + −8.5 = 2.5kJ / kg


h1 + + = h2 + 2 ⇒ 1 2 ( )
2 dm 2 2 dm
⇒ V2 2 − V12 = 5 × 103 ⇒ V12 (1.152 − 1) = 5 × 103 ⇒ V1 = 125.1m / s

A1V1 0.0314 × 125.1


Mass flow rate = = = 53.8 kg / s
ν1 0.073

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1000 × 30
54. N= = 190.98min ;
π × 50
w ⋅ f ⋅ d (D − d) 100 × 160 × 4 × ( 50 − 4 )
A mean = = = 3.79 mm 2
N.Z.D 190.98 × 6 × 50

hP 450 × 14 × 10−2
55. m= = = 68.95
kA 5.3 × 10−4 × 25
hPKA = 450 × 14 × 10−2 × 25 × 5.3 × 10−4 = 0.914;
∴ The Heat Transfer rate = hPKA × θ0 × tan h ( mL )
= 0.914 × ( 550 − 900 ) × tanh ( 68.95 × 7 × 10−2 ) = − 319.9 × 0.999 = − 319.85 W

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