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The

12 Comparative

The Grass is Always


Greener on the
Other Side
Focus on Grammar 2
Part XII, Unit 40
By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells
Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Work Talk 1
Well, my old job So,
Oh,how
really?
was
was much better your
Whatfirst
wasdayyour
at
than this job. your
old job
newlike?
job?
Work Talk 2
My old
My office boss
at my oldwas
job nicer thanOh,
was more myI new
see. boss.
comfortable.
Well, I
My old job was easier than this job.
guess the grass is
the old the old the new
the new
always greener on
office boss the otheroffice
boss
side.

the old job the new job


Comparative Adjectives
Use the comparative form of an adjective +
than to compare two people, places, or things.

My dad is
stronger than
your dad.

my dad his dad


Form 1
To form the comparative of most short (one-syllable)
adjectives, add –er to the adjective. Add only –r if the
adjective ends in e.

large
old ++ -r-er == older
larger

Sergiy’s car
Olga’sis
house is
largerthan
older than
mymyhouse.
car.
Form 2
To form the comparative of adjectives that end in
consonant + y, change the y to i and add –er.

busy + -ier = busier

Sarah is
busier than
John.
Form 3
To form the comparative of most adjectives of two or
more syllables, add more before the adjective.

more + intelligent = more intelligent

The student is
more intelligent
than the teacher.
Write the comparative form of
Practice 1 the adjectives. Then compare
yourself to a friend.

Example: tall taller than


Steve is
I am
taller than
taller than
1. friendly friendlier than I am.
George.
2. smart smarter than
3. popular more popular than
4. funny funnier than
5. loud louder than
6. outgoing more outgoing than
Exceptions 1
Tired, bored, and fun are one-syllable adjectives that
follow the pattern of long adjectives.

fun 
tired
bored  more
more tired
bored
fun than
thanthan

I am
I am
more bored than This is more tired than
he is. more fun than he is.
that is.
Exceptions 2
Quiet and simple are two-syllable adjectives that follow
the pattern of one-syllable adjectives.

simple 
quiet quieter
simplerthan
than

French was
simpler than
English.
Our old neighbors were
quieter than
these new neighbors.
Less and More

Less is the opposite of more.

Sandra
Liliana is
is
more
less famous
famousthan than
Sandra.
Liliana.

Liliana Sandra
Irregular Forms
The adjectives good, bad, and far have
irregular comparative forms.

bad  farther
far 
good better
worse

My customer’s My popcorn is
hairstyle is bad. My customer’s
Denver, Colorado, is
good, but his
hairstyle is worse.
far from popcorn is
San Francisco. Chicago,
better.Illinois, is
even farther from
San Francisco.
Much

Use much to make comparisons stronger.

My new boyfriend is much


more handsome than my
old boyfriend.
the new
the old boyfriend
boyfriend
Use the adjectives to compare
Practice 2 the two teachers. Try to use
much, not as, and less.

strict nice good interesting


old popular angry

Teacher A Teacher B

Teacher
TeacherABisisnot
stricter
as strict
thanasTeacher
TeacherA.B.
References

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and


its licensors. All rights reserved.

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