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इंटरनेट

इंटरनेट मानक Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information Whereas the Parliament of India has set

मानक

Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information

Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities, in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority, and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.

जान1 का अ+धकार , जी1 का अ+धकार

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

“The Right to Information, The Right to Live”

प0रा1 को छोड न' 5 तरफ

Jawaharlal Nehru

“Step Out From the Old to the New”

” Jawaharlal Nehru “Step Out From the Old to the New” IS 5571 (2009): Guide for

IS 5571 (2009): Guide for Selection and installation of Electrical Equipment for Hazardous Areas (other than mines) [ETD 22: Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Atmosphere]

[ETD 22: Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Atmosphere] “ “ !ान $ एक न' भारत का
“ “

!ान $ एक न' भारत का +नम-ण

ै”
ै”

Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

“Invent a New India Using Knowledge”

!ान एक ऐसा खजाना > जो कभी च0राया नहB जा सकता ह

Bhart hari—N īti ś atakam

“Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen”

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eBTI -q ~

etI ~

\3Q\!"¢-X * ~

(~ Cb1 ~)

( ff)~'(7 ~erur )

IS 5571 : 2009

q ~~

Indian Standard

GUIDE FOR SELECTION AND INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS AREAS (OTHER THAN MINES)

( Third Revision)

February

2009

ICS 28.260.20

© BIS 2009

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

MANAK

BHAVAN .

BAHADUR

NEW DELHI 110002

9

SHAH

ZAFAR

MARG

Price Group 13

Electrical Apparatus for Explo sive Atmo spheres Section al Committee, ETD 22

FOREWORD

This Indian Standard (Third Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Electrical Apparatus for Explosive Atmospheres Sectional Committee had been approved by the Electrotechnical Division Council.

This standard was first published in 1970. The first revision wa s carried out to remove difficulties faced during the implementation of this standard and also to take into account the latest developments in the field of electrotechnology. The second revision was published in 2000. The second revision was undertaken to include latest development taking place for updation of IEC Standards for use of electrical equipment in hazardous area.

This revision is to further align with the current international practices including the concept of 'Equipment Protection Levels' . Considerable assistance has been derived from IEC 60079-14: 2002 'Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmo sphere-Part 14: Electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines)' and 31J11201 CDY 'Explosive atmospheres-Part 14: Electrical installations design, selection and erection'.

This standard is intended to provide guid ance for selection of electrical equipment for use in hazardous areas, such as, petroleum refineries and petrochemical and chemical industries. In this standard, the selection of electrical equipment has been based on the classification of hazardous areas given in IS 5572 : 2008 'Classification of hazardous areas (other than mines ) having flammable gases and vapours for electrical installation (third revision)', in conjunction with which this standard shall be read and interpreted.

While formulating this standard the statutory regulations in this country have been kept in mind to see that no provision goe s again st such regulations. However, if there is a contlict between statutory regulations in force in any areas and this standard, the provisions of the former will prevail.

No account is taken in this standard of the toxic risks which are associated with most combustible materials in concentrations which are usually very much less than the lower explosive (flammable) limit. In locations where personnel maybe expo sed to potentially toxic concentrations of combustible materials, particular precautions, which are outside the scope of this standard, should be applied.

For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, sh all be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 'Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised)'. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

IS 5571 : 2009

Indian Standard

GUIDE FOR SELECTION .t\ND INSTALLATION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS AREAS (OTHER THAN MINES)

( Third Revision)

1 SCOPE

1.1 General

This standard contains the specific. requirements for the design, selection and erection of electrical installations in hazardou s area associated with explo sive gas atmospheres.

These requirements are in addition to those as required for installations in non-hazardous areas, as per applicable codes and statutory regulations.

This standard applies to all electrical equipment and installations in hazardous areas whether permanent, temporary, portable, transportable or hand-held.

I! applies to installations at all voltages .

This standard does not apply to,

a) electrical installations in mines susceptible to firedamp;

b) electrical installations in areas where the hazard is due to combustible dusts or fibres;

c) inherently explosive situations, for example explosives manufacturing and processing; and

d) rooms used for medical purposes.

NOTE - This standard may apply to electrical installations in mines where explosive gas atmospheres other than firedamp may be formed and to electrical installations in the surface installation of mines.

1.2 Statutory Requirements

The equipment and installations in hazardous areas shall in addition, meet the applicable statutory authority requirements/regulations, if any.

2 REFERENCES

The following standards are necessary adjunct to this standard:

Title

Safety of household and similar electrical appliances: Part I General requirements (sixth revision)

IS 302-1 : 2008

IS No.

IS N u.

Title

IS 325 : 1996 Three-phase induction motors ifirst revision)

IS 1646: 1997 Code of practice for fire safety of buildings (general): Electrical installations IS 1885 (Part 60): International Electrotechnical 19931IEC6C050 Vocabulary (lEV): Part 60 (426) (1990) Electrical equipment for explosive atmospheres IS 2071 (Part I): High-voltage test techniques: Part I 1993/IEC General definitions and test 60060-1 (1989) requirements IS 2148 : 2004/ Electrical equipment for explosive

IEC 60079-1 ga s atmospheres - Flameproof

(200 I) IS 2309 : 1989

enclosures "d" (third revision) Protection of buildings and allied

IS 4691 : 1985

structures against lightning - Code of practice Degrees of protection provided by enclosure for rotating electrical

machinery IS 5572 : 2008 Classification of hazardous areas (other than mines) having flammable gases and vapours for electrical installation (second revision)

IS 5780 : 2002/ IEC 60079-11

Electrical equipment for explosivegas atmospheres - Intrinsic safety " i"

(1999)

(second revision)

IS 6381 : 2004/ IEC 60079-7

Electrical equipment for explosivegas atmospheres -Increased safety "e"

(2001)

(first revision)

IS 7389 : 2004/ IEC 60079 -2 (2001 ) IS 7689 : 1989

Electrical equipment for explosivegas atmospheres Pressurised enclosures "p" (second revision) Guide for the control of undesirable

IS 7693 : 2004/ IEC 60079-6

static electricity (first revision) Electrical equipment for explosivegas atmospheres - Oil-immersion " 0"

(1995)

(first revision)

IS 7724 : 2004/ IEC 60079-5 ( 1997)

Electricalequipment forexplosivegas atmospheres - Powder-tilling "q"

(first revision)

,571 : 2009

IS No.

IS 8062 : 2006

IS 9537 (Part 2): 1981 IS 10810

TItle

Cathod ic protection of buries pipeline/structure for transportation of natural gas, oil and liquids - Code

of practice (first revision)

Conduits for electrical installation:

Part 2 Rigid steel conduits Method of test for cables: Part 61

(Part 61): 1988 Flame retardant test

Guide for construction and use of rooms or buildings protected by pressurization for installation of electrical apparatus for explo sive gas

atmospheres IS 12063 : 1987 Degrees of protection provided by enclosure (lP code) IS 13252 : 2003/ Information technology equipment ISO/IEC - Safety - General requirements

IS 11064 : 1984

60950-1 : 200 I (first revision)

IS 13346 : 2004

Electrical apparatus for explo sive gas

General

atmospheres

requ irement s (first revision)

IS/IEC 60079-0 : Electrical equipment for explosive

2004 gas atmospheres : Part 0 General

requirements IS!lEC 60079-15 : Electrical apparatus for explosive gas

atmospheres: Part 15 Construction, test and marking of type of protection "n" electrical apparatus Electrical apparatus for explosive gas

IS/IEC 60079-

2005

16 : 1990 atmospheres : Part 16 Arti ficial ventilation for the protection of analyzer(s) houses

ISIIEC 60079-

17 : 2002 atmospheres: Part 17 Inspect ion and maintenance of electrical installations in hazardous areas (other than mines)

IS/IEC 60079- Electrical apparatus for explosive gas

Electrical apparatus for explosive gas

18 : 2003 atmospheres: Part 18 Construction, test and marking of type of protection encapsulation "rn" electrical apparatus

ISlIEC fl.XJ79-

19: 2006

ISIIEC &YJ79-

26: 20061)

ISlIEC &YJ79-

27

: 2005 11

Explosive atmospheres : Part 19 Equipment repair, overhaul and reclamation Explosive atmospheres : Part 26 Equipment with equipment protection level (EPL) "Ga"

Electrical equipment for explosive

gas atmospheres: Part 27 Field bus

intrinsically safe concept (FISCO)

and fieldbus

non -incendive concept

(FNICO)

II Currently, corresponding Indian Standards are under consideration.

IS No.

IS/IEC 60079- 28 : 2006])

IS/IEC 61285: 2004 11 ISIIEC 61558-1 : 1997

ISIIEC 61558- 2-6 : 1997

TItle

Explosi ve atmo spheres : Part 28 Protection of equipment and tran smi ssion system s using optical radiation Indu strial process control - Safety of analyser houses Safety of power tran sformers, power supply units and similar: Part I General requirements and tests Safety of power tran sfer rners, power s upply units and sim ilar: Part 2 Particular requirements, Section 6 S afet y iso lating transformers for general use

3 DEFINITIONS AND TERMS

For the purpo se s of thi s st andard the definitions , in addition to those given (Part 60) shall apply.

3.1 General

3.1.1 Normal Operation - Operation of equipment

conforming electrically

a nd mechanically with its

design specification and used within the limits specified

by the manufacturer.

following

in

IS

1885

NOTES

1 Th e limits spe c ified by the manufacturer may include

persistent operational conditions such as stalled rotors. failed

lamps and overloads.

2 Variation of the supply voltage within stated limits and any other operational tolerance is part of normal operation.

3.1.2 Competent Body - Individual or organization

which can demonstrate appropriate technical knowledge and relevant skiIls to make the necessary assessments of the safety aspect under considerution.

3.1.3 Cable Gland - A device used to secure the cable

entering the enclosure and provide the necessary sealing to maintain the relevant protection concept.

3.2 Hazardous Areas

Mixture with air, under

atmospheric conditions, of flammable substances in the form of gas, vapour, mist or dust, which, after ignition. permits self-sustaining flame propagation.

Mixture with air.

3.2.2 Explosive Gas Atmosphere -

3.2.1 Explosive Atmosphere -

under atmospheric conditions. of flammable substances

in the form of gas or vapour. which. after ignition. permits self-sustaining flame propagation.

.3.2.3 Hazardous Area - Area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is present. or may be expected to be

" Currenrty, corresponding Indian Standards are undcrconsidcration.

2

present, in quantities such as to require special precautions for the construction, installation and use of equipment.

NOTE -

dimensional region or space.

For the purpose of this standard. an area is a three -

Area in which an

explosive gas atmosphere is not expected to be present in quantities such as to require special precautions for the construction, installation and use of equipment.

3.2.4 Non-hazardous Area -

3.2.5 Group (ofan Electrical Equipment for Explosive

Atmospheres) - Classification of electrical equipment related to the explosive atmosphere for which it is to be used .

NOTE - Electrical equipment for use in explosive gas atmospheres is divided into two groups :

1 Group I electrical equipment

firedamp; and

for mine s susceptible to

2 Group /I (which car. be divided into subgroups): electrical

an explosive gas atmosphere . other

than mines susceptible to firedamp (set' 5.4) .

equipment for places with

Highest

temperature which is attained in service under the most

adverse operating conditions (but within recognized tolerances) by any part or surface of the electrical equipment, which would be able to produce an ignition of the surrounding explosive atmosphere.

3.2.6 Maximum Surface Temperature -

NOTES

1 The most adverse conditions include recognized overloads

and faull conditions recognized in the specific standard for the type of protection concerned.

2 The relevant surface temperature may be internal and/or

external depending upon the type of protection concerned .

3.2.7 Type of Protection - Specific measures applied

to electrical equipment to avoid ignition of a

surrounding explosive atmosphere.

3.2.8 Zones- Hazardous areas are classified into zones based upon the frequency of the occurrence and duration of an explosive gas atmosphere.

3.2.9 Zone 0 - Place in which an explosive atmosphere consisting of a mixture with air of flammable substances in the form of gas, vapour or mist is present continuously or for long periods or frequently.

3.2.10 Zone I - Place in which an explosive

atmosphere consisting of a mixture with air of flammable substances in the form of gas. vapour or mist is likely to occur in normal operation occasionally.

3.2.11 Zone 2 - Place in which an explosive

atmosphere consisting of a mixture with air of flammable substances in the form of gas, vapour or mist is not likely to occur in normal operation but, if it

does occur, will persist for a short period only.

3.2.12 Equipment Protection Level (EPL) -

The level

3

IS 5'571 : 2009

of protection assigned to equipment based on its risk of becoming a source of ignition and distinguishing the differences between explosive gas atmo spheres, e xplo sj ve dust atmospheres, and the explosive atmospheres which may exist in coal mines .

NOTE - The Equipment Protection Level may optionally be employed a s part of a complete risk asse ssment of an installation.

3.2.13 EPL 'Ga ' - Equipment for explosive gas

atmospheres , having a very high level of protection, which is not a source of ignition in normal operation, expected malfunction or when s ubjec t to rare malfunction . Such equipment will have a form of protection which will remain effective even in the presence of two potential faults (for example, intrinsic safety, level of protection ia), or will have two independent means of prot ection (for example, Ex e

and Ex d acting independently of each other).

3.2.14 EPL 'Gb' - Equipment for explosive gas

atmospheres, having a high level of protection, which is not a source of ignition in normal operation or when

subject to faults that may be expected. though not necessarily on a regular basis.

3.2.15 EPL 'Gc' - Equipment for explosive gas

atmospheres, having a enhanced level of protection. which is not a source of ignition in normal operation and which may have some additional protection to ensure that it remains inactive as an ignition source in the case of regular expected occurrences (for example failure of a lamp).

3.2.16 Control of Ignition Sources Procedure -

Procedure under which the use of ignition sources in a hazardous area are controlled (see Annex D).

3.2.17 Control of Ignition Sources Permit -

issued under a control of ignition sources procedure.

Permit

3.3 Flameproof Enclosure

3.3.1 Flameproof Enclosure 'd' -

in which the parts which

atmosphere are placed in an enclosure which can withstand the pressure developed during an internal explosion of an explosive mixture and which prevents the transmission of the explosion to the explosive atmosphere surrounding the enclosure.

can 'ig nite an explosive

Type of protection

3.3.2 Pressure-Piling - Condition resulting from the

ignition of pre-compressed gases in compartments or

subdivisions other than those in which ignition was initiated.

NOTE -

would otherwise be expected.

This may lead to a higher maximum pressure than

3.4 Increased Safety

3.4.1 Increased Safety 'e' -

Type of protection applied

IS 5571 : 2009

to electrical equipment in which additional measures are applied so as to give increased security against the possibility of excessive temperatures and of the occurrence of arcs and sparks in normal service or under specified abnormal conditions.

Highest r.m.s. value

3.4.2 Initial Starting Current IA -

of current absorbed by an ac motor at rest when supplied at the rated voltage and frequency.

3.4.3 Starting Current Ratio lA/IN -

initial starting current I A and rated current IN.

3.4.4 Time t, - Time take for an ac rotor or stator

winding, when carrying the initial starting current I A

to be heated up to the limiting temperature from the temperature reached in rated service at the maximum ambient temperature.

Ratio between

3.5 Intrinsic Safety -

General

3.5.1 Intrinsic Safety 'i' - Type of protection based

upon the restriction of electrical energy within equipment and of interconnecting wiring exposed to an explosive atmosphere to a level below that which can cause ignition by either sparking or heating effects.

NOTE - Because of the method by which intrinsic safely is achieved. it is necessary to ensure that not only the electrical

equipment expo sed 10 the

explo sive atmosphere but also other

electrical equipment with which it is interconnected is suitably constructed.

3.5.2 Intrinsically Safe Apparatus - Electrical

apparatus in which all the circuits are intrinsically safe.

NOTE -

Intrinsically safe apparatus should conform to

IS 5780, category 'ia', 'ib ' or 'ic' .

3.5.3 Galvanic Isolation - Arrangement within an item of intrinsically safe apparatus such that a signal is transferred from the apparatus input to the apparatus output without any direct electrical connection between the two.

NOTE- Galvanic isolation frequently utilizes either magnet ic

(transformer or relay) or opto-coupled elements.

3.5.4 Associated Apparatus - Electrical apparatus in which the circuits or parts of circuits are not all necessarily intrinsically safe but which contains circuits that can affect the safety of the intrinsically safe circuits associated with it.

NOTES

I Associated apparatus may be either,

a) electrical apparatus which has an alternative type of protection included in this standard for use in the appropriate explosive gas atmosphere.

b) electrical apparatus nOI so protected and which therefore is not 10 be used within an explosive gas atmosphere, for example. a recorder which is not of itself in an explosive gas almosphere bUI is connected 10 a thermocouple situated within an explosive gas atmosphere where only the recorder input circuit is energy limited .

4

2 For the purposes of this standard associated apparatus is also electrical apparatus which contains both intrinsically safe circuits and non-intrinsically safe circuits and is constructed so that the non-intrins ically safe circuits cannot adversely affect the intrinsically safe circuits and includes

a) electrical apparatus which has another type of protection listed in ISIIEC 60079 ·0 for use in the appropriate explosive gas atmosphere. or

which , therefore ,

be used within an explosive ga s atmosphere, for

example a recorder which is not itself in an explosive gas

atmosphere. but is connected to a thermocouple situated within an explosive atmosphere where only the recorder input circuit is intrinsically safe. or

c) chargers or interfaces not used in the hazardous area. but which are connected 10 hazardous area equipment in the safe area for charging, data downloading, etc.

3.5.5 Simple Apparatus - Electrical component or

combination of components of simple construction with well-defined electrical parameters which is compatible with the intrinsic safety of the circuit in which it is used.

b) electrical apparatus not so protected and

shall not

NOTE -

apparatus :

The following apparatus is considered to be simple

a) Passive components. for example. switches.junction boxes. resistors and simple semi-conductor devices;

b) Source s of stored energy with well-defined parameters. for example. cap ac irors or ind uctors. whose values are cons idered whcn determining the overall safely of the system ; and

c) Sources of generated energy, for example thermocouples and photocells, which do nOI generate more than 1.5 V. 100 rnA and 25 mW. Any induclance or capacitance present in Ihese sources of energy are considered as in (b) above.

3.5.6Intrinsicaliy Safe Circuit - Circuit in which all the equipment is either intrinsically safe apparatus or simple apparatus.

NOTE -

The circuit may also contain associated apparatus.

3.5.7 Intrinsically Safe Electrical System - Assembly

of interconnected items of electrical equipment, described in a descriptive system document, in which the circuits or parts of circuits intended to be used in

an explosive atmosphere are intrinsically safe.

3.5.8 Intrinsically Safe Sub -circuit - Part of an

intrinsically safe circuit which is galvanically isolated from another part or other parts of the same intrinsically safe circuit.

3.6 Intrinsic Safety Parameter

3.6.1 Maximum External Capacitance (Co) -

Maximum capacitance in an intrinsically safe circuit that can be connected to the connection facilities of the equipment without invalidating intrinsic safety,

3.6.2 Maximum External Inductance (L o) - Maximum

value of inductance in an intrinsically safe circuit that

can be connected to the connection facilities of the equipment without invalidating intrinsic safety,

3.6.3 Maximum External Inductance to Resistance

Ratio (LiRo) - Ratio of inductance (L o) to resistance

(R o ) of any external circuit connected

to the connection

facilities of the electrical equipment without

invalidating intrinsic safety.

Maximum current

(peak ac or de) that can be applied to the connection

facilities for intrinsically safe circuits without invalidating intrinsic safety .

Max imum input

power in an intrin sically safe circuit that can be dissipated within an equipment when it is connected to an external source with out invalidating intrinsic safety.

Maximum

3.6.5 Maximum Input Power (P) -

3.6.4 Maximum Input Current (Ii) -

3.6.6 Maximum Input Voltage (U i} -

voltage (peak ac or de) that can be applied to the connection facilities for intrinsically safe circuits without invalidating intrinsic safety.

Total

equivalent internal capacitance of the equipment which

is considered as appearing across the connection facilities of the equipment.

Total

equivalent internal inductance of the equipment which is considered as appearing at the connection facilities of the equipment.

3.6.9 Maximum Internal Inductance to Resistance

inductance (L j ) to resistance

(R j ) which is considered

Ratio (L/R i ) - Ratio of

as appearing at the external

connection facilities of the electrical equipment.

3.6.8 Maximum Internal Inductance (L i ) -

3.6.7 Maximum Internal Capacitance (C i ) -

Maximum

current (peak ac or de) in an intrinsically safe circuit that can be taken from the connection facilities of the equipment.

Maximum

electrical power in an intrinsically safe circuit that can be taken from the equipment.

Maximum

output voltage (peak ac or de) in an intrinsically safe

circuit that can appear under open-circuit conditions at the connection facilities of the equipment at any applied voltage up to the maximum voltage, including Urn and u;

3.6.12 Maximum Output Voltage (U o) -

3.6.11 Maximum Output Power (Po) -

3.6.10 Maximum Output Current (I o) -

NOTES

1 Where there is more than one applied voltage. the maximum output voltage is that occurring under the most onerous combination of applied voltages.

2 V, is sometimes used to denote the output working voltage of a shunt diode safety barrier.

3.6.13 Maximum r.m.s. ac or de Voltage (Urn) -

Maximum voltage that can be

applied

to

the

5

IS 5571 : 2009

non-intrinsically safe connection facilities of associated apparatus without invalidating intrinsic safety.

3.7 Pressurization

3.7.1 Pressurization 'p ' - Technique of guarding

against the ingress of the external atmosphere into an enclosure by maintaining a protective gas therein at a pressure above that of the external atmosphere.

Continuous

supply of a protective gas, after purging, at such a rate

that the concentration of a flammable substance inside the pressurized enclosure is maintained at a value outside the explosive limits at any potential ignition source (that is, outside the dilution area) .

3.7.2 Continuous Dilution (Flow) -

NOTE - The dilution area is an area in the vicinity of an internal source of release where the concentration of a flammable substance is not diluted to a safe concentration.

Flow of protective gas

sufficient to compensate for any leakage from the pressurized enclosure and its ducts .

Maintenance of an

overpressure within a pressurized enclosure without the addition of protective gas in the hazardous area.

3.7.4 Static Pressurization -

3.7.3 Leakage Compensation -

3.8 Non-sparking

Type of protection

applied to electrical equipment such that. in normal operation and in certain specified abnormal conditions, it is not capable of igniting a surrounding explosive atmosphere.

3.8.1 Type of Protection

'n'

-

NOTES

of the equipment standard

are intended to ensure that a fault capable of causing ignition

is not likely (0 occur.

2 An example of a specified abnormal condition is a luminaire with a failed lamp.

1 Additionally ; the requirements

Electrical

equipment in which the circuits and components are

constructed according to the concept of energy limitation.

3.8.2 Energy-Limited Apparatus -

3.8.3 Associated Energy-Limited Apparatus -

Electrical equipment which contains both energy-limited and non-energy-limited circuits and is constructed so that the non energy limited circuits cannot adversely affect the energy limited circuits.

3.9 Oil Immersion '0' - Type of protection in which the electrical equipment or parts of the electrical equipment are immersed in a protective liquid in such a way that an explosive atmosphere, which may be above the liquid or outside the enclosure cannot be ignited.

3.10 Powder Filling 'q' - Type of protection in which

IS 5571 : 2009

the parts capable of igniting an explosive atmosphere are fixed in position and completel y surrounded by filling material to prevent the ignition of an explosive atmosphere.

NOTE - The type of pr otect io n may not pre vent th e surrounding explosive gas atm osphere from penetrat ing into the equipment and component s and be ing ignited by the

circuits. However. duc to the small free volumes in the filling

quench ing of a flame which may

material and due 10 the

propagate through the paths in the filhng material. an external

explosion is prevented.

3.11 Encapsulation om' - Typeof protection whereby

parts that are capable of igniting an explosive atmosphere by either sparking or heating are enclosed in a compound in such a way that the explosive atmosphere cannot be ignited under operating or

installation conditions.

3.12 Electrical Supply Systems

a) Protective Extra-Low Voltage (PELV) -

Extra-low voltage system which is not electrically separated from earth but which otherwise satisfies the requirements for SELY.

NOTE -

A SOV centre-tapped earth system is a PELV

system.

b) Safety Extra -Low Voltage (SELV ) - Extra- low voltage system (that is, normally not exceeding 50Y ac or 120 Y ripple-free de) which is electrically separated from earth and from other systems in such a way that a single fault cannot give rise to an electric shock.

NOTE -

4 GENERAL

A SOV earth free system is a SELV system .

4.1 General Requirements

In order to facilitate the selection of appropriate electrical equipment and the design of suitable electrical installations, hazardous areas are divided into zones 0, I and 2 according to IS 5572 and based on the equipment protection level (EPL).

Electrical equipment should, as far as is reasonably practicable, be located in non-hazardous areas. Where it is not possible to do this , it should be located in a location requiring the lowest EPL.

Electrical equipment and materials should be installed and used within their electrical ratings for power, voltage, current, frequency, duty and such other characteristics where non-conformity might jeopardize the safety of the installation. In particular, care should be taken to ensure that the voltage and frequency are appropriate to the supply system with which the equipment is used and that the temperature classification has been established for the correct

voltage , frequency, etc .

All electrical equipment and wiring in hazardous areas shall be selected and installed in accordance with 5 to 9 inclusive and the additional requirements for the particular type of protection (see 10 to 17).

Equipment shal l be installed in

documentation. Care should be taken to ensure that replace able items, such as lamp s, are of the Correct

type and rating . On completion of the installation, periodic inspect ion of the equipment and installation shall be carried out in ac cordance with IS/IEC 60079-17.

Installations should be designed and equipment and materials installed with a view to providing ease of access for inspection and maintenance.

NOT ES

1 If lum inaire s wit h fluores cent tubes are used . then the area sho uld be confirm ed to be free fro m group lI e ga s/vapour before tubes are transported throu gh the area or cha nged. unless suitable precauti ons are taken to prevent lubes be ing broken. Low -pre ssure so diu m lam ps sho uld not be used in any

hazardo us a rea o wi ng to the risk of sodi um from a broken lamp.

2 For explanat ion o f EPL s. see An ne' G.

accordance with its

ign ition from

the free

4.2 Documentation

In order to correctly install or extend an existing installation , the following information, additional to that requ ired for non -hazardou s are as, is required, where applicable:

a) Area classification documents (see IS 5572);

b) Assessment of consequences of ignition;

c) Instructions for installation and connection;

d) Documents for electrical equipment with special conditions, for example, for equipment with certificate numbers which have the suffix 'X' or other suffix;

e) Descriptive

the

system

document

for

intrinsically safe system (see 12.2.5) ;

information to ensure correct

installation of the equipment provided in a form which is SUitable to the personnel

responsible for this acuvity:

f) Neces sary

g) Information necessary for inspection , for example , list and location of equipment, spares, technical information;

h) Details of any relevant calculation , for

example, for purging rates for instruments or analyzer houses; and j ) If repairs are to be carried out by the user or a repairer, information neces sary for the repair of the electrical equipment (see IS/lEe

6

60079-19).

4.3Selection of Repaired, Second Hand or Existing Equipment

When it is intended that existing, second hand or repaired equipment is to be installed in a new installation, it shall be only be reused if,

a) it can be verified that the equipment is unmodified and is in a condition that meets the original certification (including any repair or overhaul); and

b) any changes to equipment standards relevant to the item con sidered do not require additional safety precautions.

NOTES

I The act of introducing equipment where specifications are not identical to an exi sting installation may cause that install ation to be deemed ' new' .

equipment is dual certified (for ic a ll y safe apparatus and

independently as flameproof apparatus) care should be

of protect ion used for its new

intended location has not been compromised by the way in which it was originally installed and sub sequently maintained . Different protection concepts have different

maintenance requ ir ements. In the above example, apparatus originall y installed as flameproof should onl y be used as flameproof unless it can be verified that there has been no damage to the safety components within

the intrinsically s afe

example, a n over-voltage a t the supply terminals

or if it was originally installed as intrinsically safe then a check is required to ensure that there has been no damage to the flame paths before it can be used as flameproof.

circuit on which safety depends

by, for

2 In the situation w here example. a s in tri ns

taken that the type

5 SELECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT (EXCLUDING CABLES AND CONDUITS)

5.1 Specific Information

In order to select the appropriate electrical equipment for hazardous areas, the following information is required:

a) Classification of the hazardous area;

b) Temperature class or ignition temperature of the gas or vapour involved according to 5.3;

C) Where applicable, gas or vapour classification in relation to the group or sub-group of the electrical equipment according to 5.4; and

d) External influences and ambient temperature.

NOTE - Of the types of protection listed in IS/IEC 60079-0. the equipment sub-group is only required for protection types ' d' (flameproof enclosures) and ' i' (intrinsic safety) . The equipment sub-group is also required for certain equipment with protection types 'n' or ' 0 ' (oil immersion) (see 5.4).

05.2 Selection According to Zones

5.2.1 Equipment for Use in Zone 0

7

IS 5571 : 2009

Electrical equipment and circuits can be used in zone oif they are constructed in accordance with following :

EPL 'Ga'

a) Intrinsic safety (category 'ia') according to IS 5780/IEC 60079-11.

5.2.2 Equipment for Use in Zone I

Electrical equipment can be used in zone I if it is constructed in accordance with the requirements for zone 0 or one or more of the following types of protection :

EPL 'Gb'

a) Flameproof enclosures 'd' according to IS 2 148IIEC 60079-1;

b) Pressurised enclosures 'p' according to IS 7389/IEC 60079-2;

c) Powder filling 'q' according to IS 7724/IEC

60079-5;

d) Oil immersion '0' according to IS 7693IIEC 60079-6 (see Note 6 under 5.2.3);

e) Intrinsic safety 'i' according to IS 5780lIEC 60079-11 ;

f) Encapsulation 'rn' according to IS/IEC 60079-18 ; and

g) Electrical heat tracers and equipment which are certified for use in zone I areas.

5.2.3 Equipment for Use in Zone 2

Electrical equipment can be used in zone 2 if it is constructed in accordance with the requirements for zone 0 1zone 1 or one or more of the following types of protection:

EPL 'Gc'

a) Non sparking "n'

60079-15;

according to IS/IEC

b) Intrinsic safety 'i' according to IS 57801IEC

60079-11;

c) Increased safety 'e' according to IS 6381IIEC 60079-7; and

d) Electrical heat tracers and equipment, which are certified for use in zone 2 areas.

NOTES

I Various Indian Standards for electrical equipments fur hazardous areas have been aligned with IEC Standards to facilitate manufacturers and testing bodies. However selection and installation of these equipment in hazardoes areas shall follow this standard.

2 For outdoor installations, the apparatus with type of protection 'e " and 'n' should be used with enclosures providing at least the following degree of protection:

a) IP 55. where there internally, and

arc un insulated conducting parts

IS 5571 : 2009

b) IP 44 for insulated parts. 3 Annex E includes certain key features for electrical equipment meant for use in hazardous area. 4 Even though, in general, use of increased safety equipment in zone I area is not term itted, certain equipment having a combination of Ex i, Ex e and Ex d protection may be used in zone I areas, provided the Ex e protection is limited 10 the termination of cables I

wires only.

l! Requirements of diesel engines for hazardous areas are covered in Annex F. 6 Type ' 0 ' equ ipment shall not be used in zone 1 area in oil mines .

5.3 Selection According to the Ignition Temperature of the Gas or Vapour and Ambient Temperature

The electrical equipment shall be so selected that its maximum surface temperature will not reach the ignition temperature of any gas or vapour which may be present.

Symbols for the temperature classes which may be marked on the electrical equipment have the meaning indicated in Table I.

Table 1 Relationship Between Gas or Vapour Ignition Temperature and Temperature Class of Equipment

SI

Temperature

Ignition

Allowable

No.

Class Required

Temperature

Temperature

by tbe Area

of Gas or

Classes of

Classincatioa

Vapour °C

Equipmeat

(I)

(2)

(3)

(4)

i)

TI

>450

Tl·T6

ii)

T2

>300

T2-T6

iii)

T3

>200

TJ -T6

iv)

T4

> 135

T4-T6

v)

T5

> 100

TS·T6

vi)

T6

>85

T6

If the marking of the electrical equipment does not include an ambient temperature range, the equipment shall be used only within the temperature range -20°C to + 40 °C. If the marking of the electrical equipment includes an ambient temperature range, the equipment shall only be used within this range.

If there is an influence from an ambient temperature outside the temperature range, the process temperature or exposure to sun light, the effect on the equipment shall be verified as suitable for the application and documented.

Ambient temperatures do not consider solar radiation . Where applicable. additional factors should be applied.

Junction boxes and switches in intrinsically safe circuits, however. can be assumed to have a temperature classification of T6 because, by their nature, they do

8

not contain heat dissipating components . Simple apparatus used within an intrinsi cally safe circuit shall be temperature clas sified in accordance with 12.2.5.2.

Cable glands in norma) service do not create a heat source and therefore do not have a temperature class or ambient operating temperature range marked on them. In general cable glands will be marked with service temperature. If no marking exists it is assumed that the service temperature is - 20°C to +80°C.

Consideration of the capabIlity of the equipment

and cables to operate in the requ ired temperature range should inctude normal operating limits as well as temperature rise .

NarE -

5.4 Selection According to Apparatus Grouping

Electrical equipment of types of protection 'e', 'm', 'p' and 'q' shall be of equipment group II. See Note I below .

Electrical equipment of types of protection 'd' and 'i' shall beof equipment group IlA.IlB or IIC and selected in accordance with Table 2.

Electrical equipment of type of protection 'n' shall normally be of equipment group II but, if it contains enclosed break devices, non-incendive components or energy limited apparatus or circuits, then theequipment shall be group IIA. lIB or IIC and selected in accordance with Table 2.

Electrical equipment of type of protection '0' shaJl be of equipment group IIA. lIB or IIC for certain equipment and selected in accordance with Table 2.

Table 1 Relationship Between GaslVapour Subdivision and Apparatus Subgroup

51 No.

(I)

Locatio. G.slVapo.r

S.bdh·lslo.

(2)

Per.ltt,d ApparaC.' Gro.p or S.bCrup

(3)

i )

ii)

iii)

IIA

liB

IIC

liB or lie or IIC IIC

II. IIA,

II. liB

II or

NOTES

I There are nev,nheleu occaaions

of protection hich are IIOf1lWly of equipment IfOUP II. can

be allocated ilhin sublfOUpl IIA or liB (to accommodale discharge of stored enel'Jy, static electricity. etc .).

Z In mixtures or hydrogen sulphide ItId nalural IU, it is

recommended that the millture be considered U group IIA. ir the hydrogen sulphide constitutes lett than 2.5 percent of the mixture (by volume).

3 In mixtures of manuractured gases. the millture ihould be

cons idered U

30 percen t hydrogen by volume .

hen

lOme of tbc:se types

group IIC . if the

gues contain more Ihan

5.5 External Influences

Electrical equipment shall be selected and installed so that it is protected against external influences (for

example, chemical. mechanical, vibrational, thermal, electrical and humidity), which could adversely affect the explosion protection.

Precautions shall be taken, without affecting designed ventilation conditions, to prevent foreign bodies falling vertically into the ventilation openings of vertical rotating electrical mach ines.

The integrity of electrical equipment may be affected, if it is operated under temperature or pressure conditions outside those for which the equipment has been con structed. In these circumstances , further advice should be sought (see also 5.3 ).

NOTES

1 Anenuon is drawn to the risks that can arise when equipment

subject to prolonged humidity and wide temperature variations. TIle equipment should be provided with suitable devices to

ensure satisfactory prevention or draining of all condensate.

arise when proce ss

fluids become introduced into equipment. for example. pressure sw itches or canned electric motor pumps . Under fault conditions. for example. a diaphragm or can failure. the fluid may be released ins ide the equipment under considerable pressure which may cause any or all of the follow ing to occur:

2 Anention is drawn to the risks that can

a) rupture of the equipment enclosure :

b) risk of immediate ignition: and

c) transmission of the fluid along the inside of the cable into I non-hazardous area.

Preierably such equipment should be designed so that proces s fluid containment is reliably separated from the elec trical equipment (for example. by use of a primary seal for the main process interface and a secondary seal internal to the equipment in case of primary seal failure). Where this is not achieved . the

equipment

vent. drain or breather) and/or the wiring system shall be sealed

to prevent

seal should also be annunciated. for example. by visible leak. self-revealing fa ilure of the equ ipment. aud ible sound or electronic detection.

Potential sealing method include. the use of a special sealing joint or a length of mineral -insulated metal -sheathed (MIMS)

cable or an 'epoxy' joint should be introduced into the cable run. Venting systems should be arranged so that the occurrence

of any leaks become visible .

3 Where the manufacturer has tested the enclosure to a higher degree of ingress protection (IP) than required by the type of protection (perhaps to make suitable for an adverse env ironment) the IP rating of the enclosure should be maintained at the IP rating requirement of the location .

should be vented (via a suitable explos ion protected

the transm ission of any fluid. Failure of primary

5.6 Light Metals as Construction Materials

Particular consideration shall be given to the location of equipment that incorporate light metals in their external construction as it has been well established that such materials give rise to sparking that is incendive under conditions of frictional contact.

Light metal materials used in the construction of enclosures of electrical equipment shall be in accordance with ISnEC 60079-0.

9

IS 5571 : 2009

5.7 Transportable, Equipment

5.7.1 General

Portable

and

Personal

Transportable, portable and personal equipment should be used in hazardous areas only when its use cannot reasonably be avoided.

Due to the demand of the application and enhanced flexibility for use tran sportable. portable and personal equipment may be required to be used in differing

areas. Unless the equipment is protected for the higher risk, it shall not be transferred while in operation from a hazardous area of lower risk to a hazardous area of higher risk. In practice. however. such a limitation may be difficult to enforce; particularly with respect to portable equipment. Hence it is recommended . therefore, that all portable equipment meet the

requirements of the highest ri sk. Sim ilarly,

equ ipment group and temperature classification should

be appropriate for all the gases and vapours in which the equipment may be used.

Unless suitable precautions are taken , spare batteries shall not be taken into hazardous areas

5.7.2 Transportable and Portable Equipment

the

Unle ss equipment which is permanently installed. transportable and portable equipment may occupy the hazardous area on a temporary basis. Such equipment may include emergency generators. electrical arc welders. industrial forklifts, air compressors, powered ventilation fans or blowers , portable electrically powered hand tools. cert ain type of test and inspection equipment.

Equipment that may be transported or carried into a hazardous area shall have a type of protection appropriate to the zone(s) of use. Where there is a need to use transportable or portable equipment in a hazardous area for which the required explosion protection is not obtainable, a documented programme for risk management shall be implemented. This programme shall include appropriate training, procedures and controls, A 'Control of ignition sources permit' shall be issued appropriate to the polential ignition risk created by the use of the equipment

If plugs and sockets are present in a hazardous area. they should be suitable for use in the particular zone and have mechanical and/or electrical inter-locking to prevent an ignition source occurring during insertion or removal of the plug . Alternately, they should only be energised or connections made under' a 'Control of ignition sources procedure'.

5.7.3 Personal Equipment

Items of personal equipment which are battery or solar

IS 5571 : 2009

operated (for example. electronic wrist watches. hearing aids. car remote controls. key ring . torches. calculators. etc) are sometimes carried by personnel and inadvertently taken into a hazardous area .

The risk with electronic watches is small and their use in hazardous area is generally acceptable.

All other personal battery or solar operated equipment (including electronic wrist watches incorporating a calculator) should:

a) conform to appropriate type of protection or

b) be taken into the hazardous area under a 'Control of ignition sources procedure'.

NOTE - An increased risk is associated with lithium baneries which may be used to power personal electronic equipment and their use should be subjected to risk assessment .

5.8 Selection of Rotating Electrical Machines

5.8.1

General

Rotating electrical machines are classified in accordance with IS 325 for duty cycles.

Inselecting rotating electrical machines. as a minimum the following shall be considered:

a) Duty cycle:

b) Supply voltage and frequency range;

c) Heat transfer from driven equipment (for example. pump);

d) Bearing and lubricant life: and

c) Insulation class.

NOTE - For maximum motor life . the supply voltage for continuous operation should not exceed the permissible limits of variation.

5.8.2 Motors Fedfrom Converter Supply

Selection and installations of motors supplied at varying voltage and frequency shall take into account items that may reduce the voltage at the motor

terminals.

NOTES

1 A filler att~ output of the convener causes a voltage drop at

the terminals of the machine. 11Ie reduced voltage increases

the molor curRn!, the slip and therewith the temperature of the molOI' in the Slalor aed particularly in the rotor at constant ralC:d load coaditioas.

2 Major coacenas011 the appIacaioll of mocors with

a ceeverter

AIppIy.11Ide fRqllellCy ~ms of the Voltage and current

pia thrir adctilioul losses. over-voltage effeeu. bearing

_ MIt illlUlblioll of high fmpmcy earthing.

Selection of luminaires sbalJ take account of theneed 10 transpOrt Ibrougb. change or install lampsltubes in

a hazardous ami.

NOTES

I Fluorescent tubes : the area will need to be confirmed to be

free from flammable concentrations of hydrogen . under a 'control of ignition sources permit". before tubes are transported through the area. changed or installed above a hazardous area. unless suitable precautions are taken to prevent tubes being

broken. 2 Low-pressure sodIum lamps : these should not be transported through a hazardous area or installed above a hazardous area owing to the risk of ignition from the free sodium from a broken lamp.

6

PROTECTION

FROM

(INCENDlVE) SPARKING

DANGEROUS

6.1 Danger from Live Parts

In order to avoid the formation of sparks liable to ignite the explosive gas atmosphere. the possible inadvertent contact with bare live parts other than intrinsically safe parts shall be prevented .

6.2

Danger from

Exposed

and

Extraneous

Conductive Parts

The basic principles on which safety depends are the limitation of earth-fault currents (magnitude and/or duration) in frameworks or enclosures and the prevention of elevated potentials on equipotential bonding conductors.

Although it is impracticable to cover all possible systems. the following applies to electrical systems, other than intrinsically safe circuits, for use in zones I and 2 up to I 000 V ac r.m.s.ll 500 V de .

6.2.1 Solidly Earthed System

The neutral and earthed conductor shall not be connected together. Protection against detection of earth fault shall be provide.

6.2.2 Unearthed and High Resistance Earthed System

The system shall be protected by a residual current device.

6.2.3 SELV and PELV Systems

Safety extra-low voltage systems (SELV) shall be in accordance with 3.4.2 ens 302- I. Live parts of SELV circuits shall not be connected to earth. or to live parts or to protective conductors forming part of other circuits. Any exposed conductive parts may be

unearthed or earthed (for example.for electro-magnetic

compatibility).

Protective extra-low voltages systems (PELY) shall be

in accordance with 3.4.4 of IS 302-1 : 2008. PELV

circuits are earthed. Any exposedconductive parts shall be connected 10 a common earthing (and potential

equalization) sysaem.

Safety isolating transformers (or Say and PELV shall

10

be

ISIIEC 61558-2-6.

in

accordance

with

IS/IEC

61558-1

and

6.2.4 Above Hazardous Areas

Equipment that may produce hot particles or hot surfaces located less than 3.5 m above a hazardous area shall be either totally enclosed or provided with suitable guards or screens, to prevent any ignition sources falling into the hazardous area.

NOTE -

Such items may include :

a )

Fuses that. sparks or hot panicles :

b)

Switches that may produce arcs. sparks or hot particl es may produce arcs:

c)

Motors or generators that have sliding contacts or brushes;

dl Heaters. heating elements or other equipment that may

produce arcs. sparks or hot panicles;

e) Auxiliary equipment such as ballasts. capac itors and starting switches for all types of discharg e luminar ies; and

f) All lamps .

Low pressure sodium vapour discharge lamps shall not be installed above a hazardous area.

6.3 Potential Equalization

6.3.1 General

Potential equalization is required for installations in

hazardous areas. For earthed and unearthed power systems all exposed and extraneous conductive parts shall be connected to the equipotential bonding system . The bonding system may include protective conductors, metal conduits, metal cable sheaths, steel

and metallic part s of structures, but

shall not include neutral conductors. Connections shall

be secure against self-loosening and shall minimize the risk of corrosion which may reduce the effectiveness of connection.

Exposed conductive parts need not be separately connected to the equipotential bonding system if they are firmly secured to and are in metallic contact with structural parts or piping which are connected to the equipotential bonding system. Extraneous conductive pans which are not part of the structu re or of the electrical installation need not be connected to the equipotential bonding system, if there is no danger of voltage displacement, for example frames of doors or windows.

Cable glands which incorporate clamping devices which clamp the braiding or armour of the cable can be used to provide equipotential bonding.

Metallic enclosures of intrinsically safe or energy limited apparatus need not be connected to the equipotential bonding system, unless required by the apparatus documentation or to prevent accumulation of static charge.

wire armouring

II

IS 5571 : 2009

Installations with cathodic protection shall not be connected to the equipotential bonding system unles s the system is specifically designed for this purpose.

NOTE -

installations may require special arrangements. for example. where insulated flange s are used to connect pipelines .

Potential equalization between vehicles and fixed

6.3.2 Temporary Bonding

Temporary bonding includes earth connections that are made to moveable items such as drums, vehicles and portable equipment for control of static electricity or potential equalization.

It is recommended that the final connection of a temporary bonding connection should be made either:

a) in a non hazardous area, or

b) using a conne ction that meets the EPL requirements of the location, or

c) using a documented procedure which reduces the risk of sparking to an acceptable level.

For temporary bonding the resistance between the metallic parts shall be les s than I mega -ohms. Conductors and connections shall be durable, flexible and of sufficient mechanical strength to withstand in- service movement.

6.4 Static Electricity

Recommendations for avoidance of ignition of risks due to static electricity are covered in IS 7689.

6.5 Lightning Protection

Recommendations for avoidance of ignition of risk.s due to lightning are covered in IS 2309. 12.3 gives details of lightning protection requirements for Ex 'ia' apparatus installed in zone O.

6.6 Cathodically Protected Metallic Parts

Cathod ically protected metallic parts located in hazardous areas are live extraneous conductive parts which shall be con sidered potentially dangerous (especially if equipped with the impressed current method) despite their low negative potential. Noeathodic protection shall be provided for metallic parts in zone 0 unless it is specially designed for this application.

NOTE -

given in IS 8062 .

Recommendations of cathodic protection system are

6.7 Ignition by Optical Radiation

In the design of optical installations steps shall be taken to reduce a safe level the effects of radiation in accordance with ISIIEC 60079-28.

NOTE - Optical equipment in the form of1amps,1asers.LEOs. optical fibers etc , is increasingly used for comllMlnicalions. surveying. sensing and ~urement. In malerial proc:essing

IS 5571 : 2009

optical radiation of high irradiance is used . Often the

installation is inside or close to explosive atmospheres and radiation from such equipment may pass through these atmospheres . Depending on the characteristics of the radiation

it might then be able to ignite a

surround ing explosive

atmosphere . The presence or absence of an additional absorber

significanlly influences the ignition .

6.8 Interconnection of Earthing System

The power, lightning and static earthing systems, where they exist in the same area. should be effectively connected together to ensure as far as possible that all metal work in a particular area is at same potential under all conditions.

7 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION

7.1 General

The requirements of this clause are not applicable to intrinsically safe and energy limited circuits.

Wiring shall be protected against overload and from the harmful effects of short-circuits and earth faults.

All electrical apparatus shall be protected against the harmful effects of short-circuits and earth faults. Short-circuit and earth fault protection devices shall be such that auto-reclosing under fault conditions is prevented.

Precautions shall be taken to prevent operation of multiphase electrical equipment (for example, three phase motors) where the loss of one or more phases can cause overheating to occur. In circumstances where automatic disconnection of the electrical equipment may introduce a safety risk. which is more dangerous than that arising from the risk of ignition alone, a warning device (or devices) may be used as an alternative to automatic disconnection provided that operation of warning device (or devices) is immediately apparent so that prompt redressal action can be taken.

7.2 Rotating Electrical Machines

Rotating electrical machinery shall additionally be protected against overload unless it can withstand continuously the starting current at rated voltage and frequency or. in the case of generators, the short-circuit current, without inadmissible heating. The overload protective device shall be,

a) a current-dependent, time lag protective device monitoring all three phases, set at not

~ than the rated current of the machine, whidJ will operate in 2 b or less at 1.20 times theset current and will not operate within 2 b at 1.05 times the set current, or,

b) a device for direct temperature control by embedded temperature sensors, or; and

12

c) another equivalent device.

7.3 Transformers

Transformers shall additionally be protected against overload unless they can withstand continuously the short-circu ited secondary current at rated primary voltage and frequency without inadmissible heating or where no overload is to be expected as a result of

the

connected load s.

7.4

Resistance Heating Devices

In addit ion to the over current protection, and in order to limit the heating effect due to abnormal earth-fault and earth leakage currents, a residual current device (RCD) with a rated residual operating current not exceeding 100 rnA shall be used. Preferences should be given to RCDs with residual operating current of

30mA.

Resistance heating devices shall be protected against excessive surface temperature, where required. Where specified, protective measures shall be applied in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer and relevant documentation (see Note I below).

Where protection is achieved by sensing, it shall be either:

a) the temperature of the resistance heating device or if appropriate of it's immediate surroundings, or

b) the surrounding temperature and one or more of the parameters, or

c) two

or more parameters other than the

temperature.

Also see Note 2 below.

NOTES

1 The above addit ional protection is not required if the resistance heating device (for example. an anti condensation hea ter of an electric motor) is intended to be protected by the manner in which it is installed in the electrical equipment.

2 Examples of the parameters include the level, now, current, power consumprion.

Any temperature protective device, if required, shall be independent from any operating temperature control device and de-energize the resistance-heating device either directly or indirectly. It shall be a type that has to be manually reset.

8 EMERGENCY SWITCH-OFF AND ELECTRICAL ISOLATION (OTHER THAN INTRINSICALLY SAFE CIRCUITS)

8.1 ~

Switch-Ofr

For emet)eIICy purposes, at a suitable point or points outside the hazardous area, there shall be single or

multiple mean s of switching off e lectrical supplies to the hazardou s area.

Electrical apparatus.

which must cont inue to operate

to prevent additional dang er. shall not be included in the emergency switch-off circuit; it shall be on a

separate circu it.

:-JOTES

Installed in the general switchgea r are

sw itc h-o ff

faci lities .

should consider iso lation o f all circ uit

power supply condu c tors incl uding the neu tral.

J Suitable poi nts for e merge ncy switch-o ff sho uld be assessed rele vant to the sue distr ibut ion. personnel on site and the natur e

o f site ope rat ions.

2 Emergency sw itch -off

nor ma lly adequate wit h respect to e me rge ncy

I The switc hing devices

8.2 Electrical Isolation

To allow wo rk to be carried o ut safely. suitable means of isolat ion (for exa mple. isolators. fuses and links) shall be provided for each c ircuit or group of

circuits. to includ e neutral.

Labelling sha ll be pro vided immediately adjacent to e ach mea ns of isol at ion to permit r ap id identification of the circuit or group o f ci rc uits thereby controlled .

all circuit co nductors includ ing

NOTE -

prevent the restorati on of suppl y to the apparatus whilst the risk of exposi ng unprotected live co nductors to an exp los ive gas atm osphere co ntinues .

There should be effe ct ive measures or proced ures 10

9 WIRING SYSTEMS

9.1 General

Wiring systems shall comply full y with the relevant requirements of this clause except that intrinsically safe and energy limited installat ion s need not comply with 9.3.1 to 9.3.5.

9.2 Aluminium Conductors

Where aluminium is used as the conductor material. it shall be used only with suit able connections and . with the exception of intrin sically safe installations. shall have a cross-sectional area of at least 4 rnrrr' .

Connections shall ensure that the required creepage and clearance distances will not be reduced by the additional means. which are required for connecting aluminium conductors.

NOT ES

ma y be

determ ined by the voltage level andlo r the req uirem ent s of the

type of protect ion.

2 Speci al preca utions ag ai nst electrolytic co rrosion should be con sidered .

I

M in imum c ree page a nd clea ra nc e

d is tan ce s

13

IS 5571 : 2009

9.3 Cables

Cables with low tensile strength sheaths (commonly known as "easy tear' cables) shall not be used in hazardou s areas unle ss installed in conduit.

9.3.1 Cables for Fixed Wiring

Cable for fixed wiring used in haza rdous areas shall be.

a) sheathed with thermoplastic. thermosetting or elastomeric material. The y shall be circul ar. having extruded bedding and fillers, if any shall be non-hy groscopic; or

b) miner al

c) special flat cables with appropriate cable glands .

The cables may be unarrnoured, braid screened, braid armoured or armoured as requ ired. All cabl es shall be provided with overall outer sheath.

insulated metal sheathed; or

are likely to be subjected 10 large service temperature conditions. a

' pump ing ' ac tion can tra ns fe r the hazard ou s a tmos pher e

When such

through cables whic h are not s ubstantia lly com pac t.

cables lie be tween a haza rdo us an d non- haza rdo us area this may result in a flamm able at mosphere being transported to

the inside of. for e xa mple . control room equipment. The situation is likely 10 be most acute with equipment installed in

a zo ne 0 or zone I locat ion (where the presence of a hazard ous

atmos phere has a gre ater likelihood and dur ation ). If the se

co nditions are likel y to apply. a cable sea ling device (wh ich

sea ls between the inner sheath and the individual cond uctors) should be used.

NOTE - Where e nclos ures variat ions in amb ient and/or

9.3.2 Cable for Transportable and Portable Equipment

Transport able and portable electric al apparatus shall have cables with a heav y polychloroprene or other equiv alent synthetic e1astomeric she ath. cable s with a heavy tough rubber sheath. or cables having an equally robu st construction . The conductors shall have a min imum cross-sectional area of 1.0 mrn", If an electri cal protective conductor is necessary, it should be separately insulated in a manner similar to the other conductors and should be incorporated with in the supply cable sheath.

If, for transportable and portable ele ctrical apparatus, a metallic flexible armour or screen is incorp orated in the cable, this shall not be used as the only protective conductor. The cabl e should be suitable for the circuit protective arrangements. for example, where earth monitoring is used, the necessary number of conductors should be included. Where the apparatus needs to be earthed . the cable may incl ude an earthed flex ible metallic screen in add ition to the PE condu ctor.

Portable electrical app aratus with rated voltage not exceeding 250 V to earth and with rated current not exceeding 6 A may have cables,

IS 5571 : 2009

a) with an ordinary polychloroprene or other equivalent synthetic elastomeric sheath;

b) with an ordinary tough rubber sheath. or; and

c) with an equally robust construction.

These cables are not admissible for portable electrical apparatus exposed to heavy mechanical stresses. for example hand-lamps. foot-switches. barrel pumps. etc.

9.3.3 Flexible Cables

Flexible cables in hazardous areas shall be selected from the following :

a) Ordinary tough rubber sheathed;

b) Ordinary polychloroprene sheathed;

c) Heavy tough rubber sheathed;

d) Heavy polychloroprene sheathed; and

e) Plastic insulated and of equally robust construction to heavy tough rubber sheathed flexible cables.

9.3.4 Non-sheathed Single Core

Non-sheathed single core cables shall not be used for live conductors. unless they are installed inside switchboards. enclosures or conduit systems.

9.3.5 Overhead Lines

Where overhead wiring with uninsulated conductors provides power or communications services to equipment in a hazardou s area. it shall be terminated in a non-hazardous area and the service continued into the hazardous area with cable or conduit.

NOTE - Uninsulated conductors should not be installed above hazardous areas . Uninsulated conductors include items such as partially insulated crane conductor rail systems and low and extra-low voltage track systems.

9.3.6 Avoidance of Damage

Cable systems and accessories should be installed. so far as is practicable. in positions that will prevent them being exposed to mechanical damage and to corrosion or chemical influences (for example. solvents). and to the effects of heat (see also 12.2.2.5 for intrinsically safe circuits).

Where exposure of this nature is unavoidable, protective measures. such as installation in conduit , shall be taken or appropriate cables selected (for example, to minimize the risk of mechanical damage. armoured. screened. seamless aluminium sheathed. mineral-insulated metal sheathed or semi-rigid sheathed cables could be used).

Where cables are subject to vibration, they shall

vibration without

be designed to withstand that damage.

14

NOTES

1 Precautions should be taken to prevent damage to the sheathing or insulat ing materials of PVC cables when they are to be installed at temperatures below _s oc.

2 The bend radius on the cables should be in compliance with

cable manufacturer's data and be at least 8 times the diameter

to prevent damage to the cable . The bend radius of the cable shall at least 25 mm from the end of the cable gland.

9.3.7 Cable Surface Temperature

The surface temperature of cables shall not exceed the temperature class for the installation.

NOTES

1 Where cables are identified as having a high operating

temperature of (for example. IOS·C ), this temperature relates to the copper temperature of the cable and not the cable sheath .

Due to heat losses, it is unlikely that cable temperature will

exceed T6. When information will

equ ipment or in the manufacturer's recommendations.

2 Where cable gland s are identified as being able to operate at

elevated temperature. the current certification standards do not take account of the effects of these temperatures on the gland seals. when used in their operating position.

high temperature cable s are required. this be included in the cert ification for the

9.3.8 Flame Propagation

Cables for external fixed wmng shall have flame propagation characteristics. which enable them to withstand the tests according to IS !O81O (Part 61) unless they are laid in earth. in sand-filled trenches I ducts or are otherwise protected against flame propagation ,

9.3.9 Connections of Cables

The connection of cables to the electrical equipment shall be made in accordance with the requirements of the relevant type of protection.

Where the certificate for the cable gland has 'X' condition regarding clamping and cleating of the cable, a clamp shall be provided and placed within 300 mm of the end of the cable gland (to prevent pulling and twisting of the cable transmitting the forces to the conductor terminations inside the enclosure) where the equipment is portable the cable shall be clamped to the equipment that it is supplying.

Cable glands and/or cables shall be selected to reduce the effects of 'cold flow characteristics' of the cable.

to Equipment

NOTES

1 Cable employ materials, which may e xhibit 'cold flow'

characteristics. 'Cold flow' in cables can be described as the

movement of the cable sheath under the compressive forces created by the displacement of seals in cable glands where the compressive forces applied by the seal is greater than the resistance of the cable sheath to deformation . Low smoke and!

or fire resistant cables usually exhibit sign ificant cold flow

characteristics. Cold flow cou 'd

insulation resistance of the cable pract ical, efforts should be made [0

of suitable cable glands. Cable glands with tapered threads shall

give rise to a reduction in the

and , where reasonably prevent this by selection

not be used in enclosures having gland plates with unthreaded entries.

2 Tapered threads include NPT threads.

9.4 Conduit Systems

Conduits shall be provided with stopping boxes or sealing devices where it enters or leaves a hazardous area and adjacent to enclosures to maintain the appropriate degree of protection (for example, IP54) of the enclosure.

Elbows of solid types may be used for the immediate connection of conduit to the apparatus.

The conduits shall be pulled up tight at all of the threaded connections. Surface mounted conduits should be supported by spacing saddles.

In the event that the conduit is installed in a corrosive area, the conduit material shall either be corrosion resistant or the conduit shall be adequately protected against corrosion. Combinations of metals that can lead to galvanic corrosion shall be avoided.

After cables are installed in the conduit, stopping boxes shall be filled in accordance with manufacturer's instructions with a compound which does not shrink on setting and is impervious to, and unaffected by, chemicals found in the hazardous area.

All bends in conduits should be machine made and rounded so as to facilitate drawing of cables. When the conduit contains three or more cables, the total cross-sectional area of the cables, shall be not more than 40 percent of the cross-sectional area of the conduit.

Long runs of wiring enclosures shall be provided with suitable draining devices to ensure satisfactory draining of condensate. In addition, cable insulation shall have suitable water resistance.

To meet the degree of protection required by the enclosure, in addition to the use of stopping boxes, it may be necessary to seal between the conduit and the enclosure (for example, by means of a sealing washer or -non-setting grease).

9.5 Cable Systems for Zone 0

Additional requirements for cables in an 'ia' type of protection installation are defined in 12. Additional requirements for cables used with other types of protection according to with IS/IEC 60079-26 shall comply with the relevant protection concepts identified in the documentation.

9.6 Cable Systems for Zones 1 and 2

Additional requirements for cables systems for zone I and zone 2 are given in 10 to 17.

15

IS 5571 : 2009

9.7 Installation Requirements

9.7.1 Circuits Traversing a Hazardous Area

Where circuits traverse a hazardous area in passing from one non-hazardous area to another, the wiring system in the hazardous area shall be appropriate to the zone(s) .

9.7.2 Protection of Stranded Ends

If multi-stranded and, in particular, fine-stranded conductors are employed, the ends shall be protected against separation of the strands, for example by means of cable lugs or core end sleeves, or by the type ot terminal, but not by soldering alone.

The creepage distances and clearances, in accordance with the type of protection of the apparatus, shall not be reduced by the method in which the conductors are connected to the terminals.

9.7.3 Unused Cores

The hazardous area end of each unused core in multi- core cables shall either be connected to earth or be adequately insulated by means of suitable terminations. Insulation by tape alone is not permitted.

9.7.4 Unused Openings

Unused openings for cable glands in electrical equipment shall be closed with blanking elements suitable for the relevant type of protection. Blanking clements shall comply with ISIIEC 60079-0 and be of a type that can be removed only with the aid of tools .

9.7.5 Fortuitous Contact

Except for trace-heating, fortuitous contact between the metallic armouring/sheathing of cables and pipe work or equipment containing flammable gases, vapours or liquids shall be avoided. The insulation provided by a non-metallic outer sheath on a cable will usually be sufficient to avoid this.

9.7.6 Jointing

Cable runs in hazardous areas should, where practicable, be uninterrupted. Where discontinuities cannot be avoided, the joint, in addition to being mechanically, electrically and environmentally suitable for the situation, shall be;

a) made in an enclosure with a type of protection appropriate to the zone, or

b) pro viding the joint is not subject to mechanical stress, be 'epoxy ' filled , compound-filled or sleeved with heat-shrunk tubing or cold -shrunk tubing, in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Conductor connections. with the exception of those in

IS 5571 : 2009

flameproof conduit systems or intrinsically safe circuits. shall be made only by means of compression connectors. secured screw connectors. welding or brazing. Soldering is permissible. if the conductors being connected are held together by suitable mechanical means and then soldered.

9.7.7 Openings in Walls

Openings in walls for cables and conduits between hazardous and non-hazardous areas shall be adequately sealed, for example by means of sand seals or mortar sealing to maintain the area classification where relevant.

9.7.8 Passage and Collection of Flammables

Where trunking, ducts, pipes or trenches are used to accommodate cables. precautions shall be taken to prevent the passage of flammable gases, vapours or liquids from one area to another and to prevent the collection of flammable gases, vapours or liquids in trenches.

Such precautions may involve the sealing of trunking , ducts or pipes. For trenches. sand filling may be used. Conduits and. in special cases, cables (for example, where there is a pressure differential) shall be sealed, if necessary. so as to prevent the passage of liquids or gases.

10ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE OF PROTECTION 'd' - FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES

10.1 General

Flameproof enclosures. with only an Ex component enclosure certificate. shall not be installed. It shall always have an apparatus certificate.

Alteration of the internal components of equipment is not permitted without re-evaluation of the equipment because conditions may be created inadvertently which lead to pressure-piling. change in temperature class, or other such issues that may invalidate the certificate.

Equipments marked for a specific gas, or marked for an apparatus group plus a specific gas, and used in that specific gas atmosphere shall be installed in accordance with the requirements of the apparatus group in which the specific gas belongs. For example apparatus marked 'lIB + Hz' and used in hydrogen atmosphere shall be installed as IIC apparatus.

10.2 Solid Obstacles

When installing equipment, care shall be exercized to prevent the flameproof flange joint approaching nearer than the distance specified in Table 3 to any solid obstacle which is not part of the equipment. such as

16

steelwork, walls , weather guards, mounting brackets, pipes or other electrical equipment, unless the equipment has been tested at a smaller distance of separation and has been documented.

Table 3 Minimum Distance of Obstruction from the Flameproof Flange Joints Related to the Gas! Vapour Subgroup of the Hazardous Area

SI No.

Gas/Vapour

Subgroup

Minimum Distance

mm

(I)

(2)

(3)

i)

IIA

10

ii)

liB

30

iii)

lIe

40

10,3 Protection of Flameproof Joints

Protection against corrosion of flameproof joints shall be maintained in accordance with manufacturer's documentation. The use of gaskets is only permissible when specified in manufacturer's documentation.

Flameproof joints shall not be painted.

Painting (by the user) of the enclosure after complete assembly is permitted. The application of grease to the flameproof joint faces will reduce, but not eliminate. the quantity of paint penetrating the gap. Where the manufacturer's documentation does not address joint protection, then only non-setting grease or anti-corrosive agents without evaporating solvents shall be used.

NOTES

1 Silicone based grea ses are often suitable for this purpose but

care needs to be taken concerning use with gas detectors. It cannot be too strongly emphasized that extreme care should be exercised in the selection and application of these substances to ensure the retention of the non-setting chara cteristics and to allow subsequent separation of the joint surfaces.

2 Non-hardening grease-bearing textile tape may be employed

outside of a straight flanged joint with the following conditions :

a) where the enc losure is used in conjunction with gases allocated to group IIA - the tape should be restricted to one layer surrounding all parts of the flange joint with a short overlap, new tape should be applied whenever existing tape is disturbed;

b) Where the enclosure is used in conjunction with gases allocated to group lIB - the gap between the joint surfaces should not exceed O.I mm, irrespective of the flange width. The tape should be restricted to one layer surrounding all pans of the flange joint with a short overlap. New tape should be applied whenever existing tape is disturbed; and

c) where the enclosure i. used in conjunction with gases allocated to group lIe - tape should not be applied .

10.4 Cable Entry Systems

10.4.1 General

It is essential that cable entry systems comply with all the requirements referred to in the appropriate

equ ipment standard and documentation, that the cable

gland is appro priate to

maintains the respecti ve meth od

in acco rdance with 9.

Where cabl es enter into flameproof equipment via flameproof bushings throu gh the wall of the enclosure. which are part of the equipment (indirect entry), the parts of the bushing s outside the flameproof enclosure will be prote cted in accordance with one of the types of protection listed in ISIIEC 60079-0. For exa mple, the exposed parts of the bushings are within a terminal co mpartment which may either be another flameproof

of protection and is

the type of cable employed,

enclosure or will be protected by protection type ' e' .

the

cable system shall comply with 10.4.2. Where the terminal compartment is Ex 'e'. then the cable system

shall comply with 11.2.

Where the terminal compartment is Ex 'd' . then

Where cables enter into flameproof apparatus directly, the cable system shall comply with 10.4.2.

Flameproof cable glands having cy lindrica lly thread s may be fitted with a sealing washer between the entry device and the flameproof enclosure prov iding that after the washer has been fitted , the applicable thread eng agement is still achieved. Thread engagement shall be five full threads or 8 mm, whichever is the greater.

a threaded sealant may be used provided

the sealant is non- setting and care is taken to ensure

that any earthing between the

Where taper threads areu sed made wrench tight.

Additional holes shall not be made into flameproof enclosures.

Where the cable entry threads or hole size is different to that of the cable gland, a flameproof threaded adapter may be fitted which complies with thre ad engagement requ irement detailed above. Not more than one adapter can be fitted into the cable entry.

Unused cable entries must be sealed with a flameproof b lanking element complying with IS 2148/ IEC 60079-1 . The blanking element must be fitted in the wall of the enclosure and not in any adapters and comply with thread engagement requirement detailed abo ve.

NOTES

1 The use of alum inium conductors in Ex ' d' flameproo f enclosures should be avoided in those cases where a fault leading to potentially severe arcing involving the conductors may occur in the vicinity of a plain flanged jo int. Adequate protection may be afforded by conductor and terminal insulation that prevents the occurrence of faults or by using e nclosu res with spigot or threaded joi nts. 2 Gas or vapour leakage and propagation of flames may occur through the interst ices between the strands of standard stranded

Alternat ively

two is ma intained.

the connection shall be

17

IS 5571 : 2009

co nductors. or be tween indiv idual cu res of a cable . Speci al co nstructions can be employed as means of reducing leakage

and preventing the propagation of flames. Examp les

include

compac ted strands. sea ling of the indivi dua l strands . a nd

ext ruded bedding.

10.4.2 Selection of Cable Glands

The ca ble entry system shall co mply with one of the followi ng:

a) Cable e ntry de vice in co mplia nce with IS 2148/IEC 60079- 1 and certified as part of the equipment when tested with a sample of. the particular type of cable;

b) Where a cable, in compliance with 9.3.1 is

substantially compact. a flamepr oof cable

g la nd may be utilised, pro v iding this incorporates a sealing ring and is selected in accordance with Fig. I (see Note below );

c) Mineral-insulated metal sheathed cabl e with

or

appropriate flameproof cable gland ;

w ith o ut

plast ic out er co verin g w ith

d) Flamep roof seal ing device (for example, a sto pping box or sealing chamber) specified in the apparatus documentation or having co mponent approval and employi ng cabl e entry devices appropriate to the cables used . The sealing devices such as stopping boxes or sea ling chambers s hall in co rporat e compound or other appropriate seals which perm it stopping around indi vidu al cores. Sealing devices shall be fitted at the point of entry of cables to the equipment;

e) Flameproof cable gland , speci fic in the apparatus documentation or hav ing a component approval, incorporating compound filled seals or e1astomeric seals that seal around the individual cores or other equ ivalent sealing arrangements; and

f) Other means which maintain the integrity of the flam eproof enclosure.

NOTE -

the c able gland co mplies with IS 2 I4811EC 6007 9-1 and has been tested with a sam ple s pecific cable and subjected to repe ated ignitions of the flammable gas

pres en t in an enclo sure and if these tests sho w no ignition .

Compliance with Fig. I is not necessary if

10.5 Conduit Systems

Condu its where followi ng:

used shall be selec ted fro m the

a) Screwed heavy gauge steel, solid drawn or sea m welded; conformin g to IS 9 537 (Part 2); or

b) Flexible conduit of metal or composite material construction (for example, metal condu it with

IS 5571 : 2009

START
START
DOES THIS ENCLOSURE YES CONTAIN AN INTERNAL SOURCE 1) OF IGNITION ? YES NO YES
DOES THIS
ENCLOSURE
YES
CONTAIN AN
INTERNAL
SOURCE 1)
OF IGNITION
?
YES
NO
YES
NO

NO

NO

NO USE A SUITABLE FLAMEPROOF CABLE ENTRY DEVICE WITH A SEALING RING

USE A SUITABLE FLAMEPROOF CABLE ENTRY DEVICE WITH A SEALING RING

NO USE A SUITABLE FLAMEPROOF CABLE ENTRY DEVICE WITH A SEALING RING

APPLY

10

2

d) ORe)

II Internal sources of ignition include sparks or equipment temperatures occurring in normal operation, which can cause ignition. An encl osure cont aining terminals only or an ind irect ent ry encl osure (see 10.4.1) is con sidered not to constitute an internal source of ignition.

" The term

'volume ' is defined in [S 2t4SIIEC 60079-1.

FIG . I S ELECTION CHART FOR CABLE ENTRY DEVICES INTO

FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES FOR

CABLES COMPLYI NG wmi ITEM (b) OF 10.4.2

a plastic or elastomer jacket), of heavy or very heavy mechanical strength classification.

systems shall not be

used where vibrations may cau se fracture or loosening o f joints or where exc essi ve stress may be imposed as a

resuh of its rig idit y or where corrosion

or excessive

NOTE - Screwed stee l conduit

internal condensation of moisture is likel y to occu r.

A minimum of five thre ads shall be provided on the

conduit to permit the engagement of five threads

between the conduit and flameproof enclosure, or

18

conduit and coupling. The tolerance class of the conduit thread shall be 6 g.

Stopping boxes shall be provided in the enclosure, on the wall or not more than 50 mm from the wall of flameproof enclosures to limit the pressure piling effect and to prevent hot gases from entering the conduit system from an enclosure containing a source of ignition.

Where the enclosure is specifically designed for connection to wiring in conduits but is required to be

connected by cables, then a flameproof adapter,

complete with bushings and terminal box, may be connected to the conduit entry of the enclosure with a

co nduit which is as short as re asonably

practicable and not longer than 50 mm . The cable can then be connected to the terminal box (for example

ac cord ing tc the

requ irements of the type of prot ection of the terminal box.

flamep roof or inc reas ed sa fety)

length of

Blanking elements should be connected directly to the condu it entry of the enclosure.

10.6 Motors

10.6.1 Motors with a Converter Supply

Motors supplied at varying frequency and voltage by a converter supply require either;

a) the motor has been type-tested for this duty as a unit in association with the converter s pe c ifi ed in the de scripti ve document s acc ording to ISIIEC 60079-0 and with the prot ectiv e device provided, o r

b) the motor has not been type-tested for this

the

co nverter. In this case means (or equipment) for direct temperature control by embedded temperature sensors specified in the mot or documentation or other effecti ve measures for limiting the s urface temperature of the motor housing shall be provided . The effectivene ss of the temperature control tak ing into account power, speed range, torque and frequency for the duty required sha ll be veri fied and documented. The action of the protective de vice shall be to cause th e mot or to be disconnected.

NOTES

dut y as a unit in as sociation with

I In so me cases. the highest surf ace temperatu re occurs on the motor shaft.

2 A current-dependent time lag prot ect ive device in

accordance with 7.2(a) is not to be regarded as an 'oth er effective measure ' .

3 For motors with protection type ' e' term inal boxes ,

when using converters with high-frequency pulses in the o utput, ca re s hould be taken to ensure that any o ver

voltage spikes and higher temperatures which may be produced in the term inal box are taken into Consideration.

10.6.2 Reduced Voltage Starting (Soft Starting)

Motors with soft start supply require either;

a) the motor has been type -tested for this dut y as a unit in association with the soft start de vice specified in the descriptive documents according to ISIIEC 60079-0 and with the protective device provided, or

19

IS 5571 : 2009

b) the motor has not been type-tested as a unit

soft start dev ice. In

thi s case mean s (or equipment) for direct temperature control by embedded temperature sensors specified in the motor documentation or other effective mea sure s for limiting the surface temperature of the motor housing shall be pro vided or the s pe ed control de vice ensures that the run up is such that the surface temperature is not exceeded. The effectiveness of the temperature control or proper run up s ha ll be verified a nd documented. The action of the protective device shall be to cause the motor to be disconnected.

in associat ion with the

NOT ES

1 It is co nsidered that soft starling is under a short time period. 2 For motors with type of protection 'e' terminal boxes,

using a soft start dev ice with high-frequency pulses

in the output, care

over voltage s pikes and higher temperatures which may

should be taken to e nsure that any

when

be pr odu ced in the ter minal box a re take n into co nsideratio n.

10.7 Luminaires

Luminair es w ith fluore scent lamps and ele ctronic ball asts shall not be used where temperature class T5 or T6 is required or where the amb ient temperature exceeds 60°C.

11 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE

OF PROTECTION 'e' -

INCREASED SAFETY

11.1 Degree of Protection of Enclosures (IS 4691

and IS 12063)

Enclo sures containing bare live parts will have a degree of protection of at least IP54, whereas enclosures containing insulated parts only will have a degree of

protection of at lea st IP44.

11.2 Wiring Systems

11.2.1 General

Cables and conduits shall be installed in accordance

requirements

concerning cable entries and conductor term ination s.

Additional cable entry may be made into the enclosure provided ; thi s is permitted by the manufacturer's documentation.

NOTES

1 Thre aded holes in plastic enclosures should be at right angles

10 the face of the encl osure (due to the possible mould ing

methods for plast ic enclosures. the wall of the enclosure may have draw angles which would not allow the gland Of" filling inserted in the threaded hole 10 fit square to the face, resulting in ineffective sealing).

2 Taper thread ed holes in plastic enclosures are not

with 9 and the follow ing additional

IS 5571 : 2009

recommended due to the high stre sses created dur ing sealing of these threads which may fracture the enclo sure wall.

11.2.2 Cable Glands

The connection of cables to increased safety equipment shall be effected by means of cable gland s appropriate to the type of cable used . They shall comply with the

requirement of IS/IEC 6007 9-0.

NOTES

1 To meet the ingress protection requirement it may also be

the ca ble glands and the enclosure

(for example. by means of a sealing washer or thread sealant).

2 In order 10 meet the minimum requirement of IP54 . threaded cable entry devices into threaded cable entry plates or encl osures of 6 mm or greater thickness need no additional sealing between the cable entry device and the entry plate or enclo sure prov iding the axis of the cable entry device is perpendicular to the external surface of the cable entry plate or encl osure .

necessary to seal between

Where mineral -insulated metal-sheathed cables are

used. the requirement to achieve creepage distances

using an Ex 'e ' mineral ;

insulated cable sealing device .

Approved threaded adapters may be fitted into the cable entry holes to allow connection of the device or cable gland .

Unused entries in the enclosure shall be sealed by an approved stopping plug or a stopping plug, which is listed on the equipment documentation.

11.2.3 Conductor Terminations

shall be maintained by

Some terminals. such as slot types. may permit the entry of more than one conductor. Where more than one conductor is connected to the same terminal. care shall be taken to ensure that each conductor is adequately clamped. Unless permitted by the documentation supplied with the equipment. two conductors of different cross-sectional area shall not be connected into one terminal unless they are first secured with a single compression type ferrule or other method specified by the manufacturer.

To avoid the risk of short-circuits between adjacent conductors in terminal blocks; the insulat ion of each conductor shall be maintained up to the metal of the

terminal.

NOTE - Where si ngle screw saddle clamps are used with a single conductor. the latter should be shaped around the screw in the form of a ' U' unless clamping of single conductors

is permitted in the documentation supplied with

the equipment.

without ' U'

11.2.4 Combinations ofTerminals and Conductors for General Connection and fun ction Boxes

Care shall be taken to ensure that the heat dissipated within the enclosure does not result in temperatures 10 excess of the required equipment temperature class . This can be achieved by:

20

a) following the guidance g iven by ' the manufacturer relating to the perm issible number of terminals. the conductor size and the maximum current. or

b) checking that the calculated dissipated power. using parameters speci fied by the manu - facturer, is les s than the rated maximum dissipated power.

NOTES

len gth of the conductors ins ide the encl osure'

should not exceed Ihe diagonal length of the encl osure as th is is the basis o f ca lcu la tio ns and type tests. Add itional len gths of the co nductors inside the enclos ure run ning at maximum perm itted current may g ive rise to increase d internal temperature that may ex ceed the

temperature c lass.

2 Bunch ing o f more than 6 conductors may also g ive rise 10 high temperature s that may exceed T6 and/or damage to the insul ation a nd should be a voided .

1 The

11.3 Cage Induction Motors

11.3.1 Mains Operated

In order to meet the requirements of 7.2 (a), inverse-

protective devices shall be such

that not only is the motor current monitored, but the stalled motor will also be disconnected within the time t E stated on the marking plate. The current-time characteristic curves giving the delay time of the overload relay or rele ase as a function of the ratio of the starting current to the rated current shall be held by the user.

The curves will indicate the value of the delay time from the cold state related to an ambient temperature as per applicable standard and for a range of starting current ratios (lAIlN) of at least 3 to 8. The tripping time of the protective devices shall be equal to these values of delay ±20 percent.

The properties of delta wound machines in the case of the loss of one phase should be specifically addressed . Unlike star wound machines, the loss of one phase may not be detected. particularly if it occurs during operation. The effect will be current imbalance in the lines feeding the machine and increased heating of the motor. A delta wound motor with a low torque load during start-up might also be able to start under this winding failure condition and therefore the fault may exist undetected for long periods. Therefore. for delta wound machines, phase imbalance protection shall be provided which will detect machine imbalances before they can give rise to excessive heating effects.

In general, motors designed for continuous operation, involving easy and infrequent starts which do not produce appreciable additional heating, are acceptable with inverse-time delay overload protection. Motors

time delay overl oad

designed for arduous starting conditions or which are to be star ted frequently are acce ptable onl y when suitable protect ive devices ens ure that the limiting temperature is not exceeded.

Arduous starting conditions are considered to exi st if an inverse-time delay overlo ad protective device, correctly selected as above, di sconnects the motor before it rea ches its rated speed. Generally, this will happ en if the total starting time exceed s 1.7 t E

NOTES

S 1

(continuous ope ration at co nstant load), the user should obtain thea ppropriale pa rame ters for the det ermination of suitabili ty given a de finiti on of operation.

2 Starting - It is prefe rred th at the d irect o n-line sta rti ng time

fo r the motor is less than the t E time so that the motor protect ion

device doe s not trip the mot or du ring start-up . Where the starting tim e exceeds 80 percent of the t E time , the limitat ions

associated with starting wh ilst maint aining operation wi thin

the mach ine cert ifica tion manufa cturer.

As the voltage dip s during a dir ect on- line start, the starting

c urrent

effect s may ten d to cance l o ut fo r s mall volt age d ips, for voltages less than 85 pe rce nt of U, dur ing start-up, the motor manu facturer sho uld de cla re th e as soc iated lim itation s on start-up.

shou ld be asc ertai ned from the moto r

I

Opera tio n -

Where

th e

dut y

o f

the

motor is not

de crease s a nd the run -up t ime increases. Although these

Motors ma y be lim ited by the manufacture to a fixed number of start attempts fro m a running temperature condition.

3 Protection relay -

accordance with

the requi rements of 7,

a )

The pro tect ion re lay for mach ines in

type of protecti on 'e ' should, in addition to

mon itor the current in ea ch phase ; and

b)

prov ide

close ov e rlo ad pr ote ct ion

to the fully loaded

co ndition of the motor.

In

verse - tim e del a y ov e r loa d pro te ction re lays may be

du ty type S I wh ich have easy and

infrequent starts . Where the startin g d uty is ard uous or starting

be se lec ted

so that it ensures limiting temperatures are not exce eded under the declared operat ional parameters o f the machine. Where the

sta rting time e xceeds 1.7' e-

ex pected to trip the mach ine dur ing start- up.

Under so me ci rcumst ances, for example. for duty type s other th an SI , the mot or ma y be c ertifie d w ith the tem pe rature detection a nd protect ion . If thi s is the cas e, the t E time may not be identified (see 11.2.2 for additional information).

an inverse -time rel ay would be

acceptable fo r mach ines of

is required freq uently, the protect ion dev ice should

11.3.2 Winding Temperature Sensors

In order to meet the requirements of 7.2(b), winding temperature sensors associated with protective devices shall be adequate for the thermal protection of the machine even when the machine is stalled. The use of embedded temperature sensors to control the limiting temperature of the machine is on ly permitted if such use is specified in the machine documentation. The type of built-in temperature sensors and associated protective device will be identified on the machine.

21

IS 5571 : 2009

11.3.3 Machines with Rated voltage More Than 1 kV

Mach ines with rated voltage exceeding IkV shall be selec ted taking into ac count the ' potential stator

wind ing discharge risk

factors' in IS 6381lIEC 60079-7. If the total sum of

the risk factors is greater than 6.

assessment -

ignition risk

a)

anti -condensation space heaters shall be employed, and

b)

either the machine is tested in accordance with IS 6381/IEC 60079-7 or special measures shall be employed to ensure that the enclo sure does not contain an explosive ga s atmosphere at the time of starting.

NOTES

J If the mach ine is intended 10 operate under spec ial measures, the certificate shall have the symbol 'x ' in accordance with ISIIEC 60079-0.

Special me asure s may include pre-start ventilation, the appl icati on of fixed gas dete ct ion inside the machi ne or other methods s pec ified in manufac turer 's instruction s.

2

11.3.4

Motors with

Con verter Supply

Motors supplied at varying frequency and voltage by a converter shall have been type tested for this duty as a unit in association with the converter specified in the descriptive documents according to IS/IEC 60079-0 and with the protective device provided or shall be evaluated in accordance with IS 6381lIEC 60079-7.

11.3.5 Reduced Voltage Starting (Soft Starting)

Motors with soft start supply require either;

a) the motor has been tested as a unit in association with the soft start device specified in the descriptive documents and with the protective device provided, or

b) the motor has not been tested as a unit in association with the soft start device. In this case means (or equipment) for direct temperature control by embedded temperature sensors specified in the motor documentation or other effective measures for limiting the surface temperature of the motor shall be provided or the speed control device ensures that the motor run up is such that the surface temperature is not exceeded. The effectiveness of the temperature control or proper run up shall be verified and documented. The action of the protective device shall be to cause the motor to be disconnected.

NOTES

is con sidered that soft starti ng is used period.

2 When using a soft start de vice with high-frequency pulses in the output, care should be taken to ensure that any over voltage

for a short lime

J

It

IS 5571: 2009

spikes and higher temperatures which may be produced in the terminal box are taken into consideration.

11.4 Luminaires

Luminaires with fluorescent lamps and electronic ballasts shall not be used where temperature class T5 or T6 is required or where the ambient temperature exceeds 60°C.

Lamps (for example, bi-pins, screw. connections on

tungsten lamps) using non-conductive materials with

a conductive coating shall not be used unless tested with the equipment.

NOTE -

designed lamps where the pins or end caps may be plastic or

ceram ic with a conductive

This requ irement is

intended 10 apply to recently

film coating .

12 ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TYPE

OF PROTECTION 'i' -

INTRINSIC SAFETY

12.1 Introductory Remark

A

fundamentally different installation philosophy has

to

be recognized in the installation of intrinsically safe

circuits. In comparison with all other types of installations, where care is taken to confine electrical energy to the installed system as designed so that a hazardous environment cannot be ignited, the integrity of an intrinsically safe circuit has to be protected from the intrusion of energy from other electrical sources so that the safe energy limitation in the circuit is not exceeded , even when breaking, shorting or earthing of the circuit

As a consequence of this principle, the aim of the installation rules for intrinsically safe circuits is to maintainseparationfrom other circuits.Unlessotherwise stated, requirements for intrinsically safe circuits shall apply to all levels of protection Cia', 'ib' and 'ic').

Energy-limited circuits 'nl,' shall comply with all the

requirements for

intrinsically safe circuits 'ic' .

12.2 Zone 1 and Zone 2 Installations

12.2.1 Equipment

In zone I installations, the intrinsically safe apparatus

and the intrinsically safe parts of associated apparatus shall comply with IS 5780lIEC 60079-11, at least to level of protection 'ib'.

In Zone 2 locations, the intrinsically safe apparatus

and the intrinsically safe parts of associated apparatus shall comply with IS 5780lIEC 60079- I I, at least to

level of protection 'ic' .

Simple apparatus need not be marked, but shall comply with the requirements of ISIIEC 60079-0 and IS 5780/

IEC 60079-11 in so far as intrinsic safety is respectively

is dependent on them.

Associated apparatus should preferably be located outside the hazardous area or, if installed inside a hazardous area, shall be provided with another appropriate type of protection in accordance with 5.2 which is suitable for the ignition sources which the associated apparatus may present.

Electrical equipment connected to the non-intrinsically safe terminals of an associated apparatus shall not be fed with a voltage supply greater than Um shown on the label of the associated apparatus. The prospective short-circuit current of the supply shall not be greater than I 500 A.

Where Um marked on the associated apparatus is less than 250V it shall be installed in accordance with one of the following:

a) Where Urn does not exceed 50 V ac or 120 V de, in an SELV or PELV system, or

b) Via a safety isolating transformer complying with the requirements of ISIIEC 61558-2-6 or technically equivalent standard, or

c) Directly connected to apparatus complying with IS 13252 or a technically equivalent standard, or

d) Fed directly from cells or batteries.

NOTE -

current . where higher fault levels exist , may be achieved

Limitation of the prospective short circuit

by

appr opriate upstream fusing or protection.

In order to protect against unauthorized interference and damage, the components and wiring of intrinsically safe apparatus and associated apparatus (for example, barriers) should normally be mounted in enclosures offering a degree of protection of at least IP20 unless a higher IP rating is required by the apparatus documentation. Alternative methods of mounting may be used, if they offer similar integrity against interference and damage (for example, mounted in racks in a normally locked switch-room).

All apparatus forming part of an intrinsically safe system should, where ' reasonably practicable, be identifiable as being part of an intrinsically safe system. This recommendation may be met by conformity with 12.2.2.6.

12.2.2 Cables

12.2.2.1 General

. Only insulated cables whose conductor-earth, conductor-screen and screen-earth test voltages are at least 500 V ac or 750 V de shall be used in intrinsically safe and energy limited circuits.

The diameter of individual conductors within the area subject to explosion hazards shall be not less than

22

0.1 mm. This applies also to the individual wires of a finely stranded conductor.

12.2.2.2 Electrical parameters of cables

The electrical parameters (C c and L c ) or (Coand LjR c ) for all cables used (see 12.2.5) shall be determined according to the following :

a) The most onerous electrical parameters provided by the cable manufacturer;

b) Electrical parameters determined by measurement of a sample ; and

c) 200 pF/m and either I flH/m or 30 flHlQ where the interconnection comprises two or three cores of a conventionally constructed cable (with or without screen).

NOTE -

determining the relevant parameters.

Annex C details a satisfactory method of

Where FISCO or FNICO system is used, the requirements for cable parameters shall comply with ISIIEC 60079-27.

12.2.2.3 Earthing of conducting screens

Where a screen is required, except as in (a) through (c) below, the screen shall be electrically connected to earth at one point only, normally at the non-hazardous area end of the circuit loop. This requirement is to avoid the possibility of the screen carrying a possibly incendive level of circulating current in the event that there are local differences in earth potential between one end of the circuit and the other.

If an earthed intrinsically safe circuit is run in a screened cable, the screen for that circuit should be earthed at the same point as the intrinsically safe circuit, which it is screening.

If an intrinsically safe circuit or sub-circuit which is isolated from earth is run in a screened cable, the screen should be connected to the equipotential bonding system at one point.

Special cases :

a) If there are special reasons (for example, when the screen has high resistance, or where screening against inductive interference is additionally required) for the screen to have multiple electrical connections throughout its length, the arrangement of Fig. 2 may be used, provided that

I) insulated earth conductor is of robust construction (normally at least 4 mm' but 16 mm! may be more appropriate for clamp type connections),

2) arrangement of the insulated earth conductor plus the screen is insulated to

23

IS 5571 : 2009

withstand a 500 V insulation test from all other conductors in the cable and any cable armour ,

3) insulated earth conductor and the screen are only connected to earth at one point which shall be the same point for both the insulated earth conductor and the screen, and would normally beat the non- hazardous end of the cable,

4)

insulated earth conductor complies with

5)

9.1.2, and inductance/resistance ratio (UR ) of the

cable, installed together with the insulated earth conductor, shall be established and shown to conform to the requirements of 12.2.5.

b) If the installation is effected and maintained in such a manner that there is a high level of assurance that potential equalisation exists between each end of the circuit (that is, between the hazardous area and the non-hazardous area), then, if desired, cable screens may beconnected toearth at both ends of the cable and, if required, at any interposing points.

c) Multiple earthing through small capacitors

500 V ceramic) is

acceptable provided that the total capacitance does not exceed 10 nF.

(for example, 1 nF , I

12.2.2.4 Cable armour bonding

Armour should normally be bonded to the equipotential bonding system via the cable entry devices 0:- equivalent, at each end of the cable run. Where there are interposing junction boxes or other equipment, the armour will normally be similarly bonded to the equipotential bonding system at these points. In the event that armour is required not to be bonded to the equipotential bonding system at any interposing point, care should be taken to ensure that the electrical continuity of the armour from end to end of the complete cable run is maintained.

Where bonding of the armour at a cable entry point is not practical , or where design requirements make this not permissible, care should be taken to avoid any potential difference which may arise between the armour and the equipotential bonding system giving rise to an incendive spark. In any event, there shall be at least one electrical bonding connection of the armour to the equipotential bonding system . The cable entry device for isolating the armour from earth shall be installed in the non-hazardous area or zone 2.

12.2.2.5 Installation of cables and wiring

Installations with intrinsically safe circu its shall be

IS 5571 : 2009

Hazardous area

IS 5571 : 2009 Hazardous area Cable sheath Equipment Insulated Insulated earth connections conductor , Control

Cable sheath

Equipment Insulated Insulated earth connections conductor ,
Equipment
Insulated
Insulated earth
connections
conductor
,

Control panel

Signal

Additional screen earth If required

(see 12.2.2.3)

---

FIG. 2 EARTHING OF CONDUCTING SCREENS

erected in such a way that their intrinsic safety is not adversely affected by external electric or magnetic fields such as from nearby overhead power lines or heavy current-carrying single core cables. This can be achieved, for example. by the use of screens and/or twisted cores or by maintaining an adequate distance from the source of the electric or magnetic field.

In addition to the cable requirements of 9.3.6, cables in both hazardous and non-hazardous areas shall be installed so as to ensure that intrinsically safe circuit cables cannot be inadvertently connected to circuit cables, which are not intrinsically safe.

This may be achieved by,

a) Separating thedifferent type ofcircuit cables; or

b) Placing the cables so as to protect against the risk of mechanical damage; or

c) Using cables which are armoured, metal sheathed or screened for specific type of circuits (for example, all circuits which are not intrinsically safe are run in armoured cables).

Conductors of intrinsically safe circuits and non- intrinsically safe circuits shall not be carried in the same

cable (see 12.4).

Conductors of intrinsically safe and non-intrinsically safe circuits except as permitted in 12.2.2.7. shall not

24

be in the same bundle or duct as conductors of circuits which are not intrinsicaIIy safe, unless separated by an intermediate layer of insulating material or by an earthed metal partition. No separation is required, if metal sheaths or screens are used for the intrinsically safe circuits or circuits which are not intrinsically safe.

Each unused core in a multi-core cable should either,

a) be adequately insulated from earth and from each other at both ends by the use of suitable terminations, or

b) if other circuits in the multicore have an earth connection (for example, via the associated apparatus), be connected to the earth point used to earth any intrinsically safe circuits in the same cable, but should be adequately insulated from earth and from each other by the use of suitable terminations at the other end.

12.2.2.6 Marking of cables

Cables containing intrinsicaIIy safe circuits shall be marked (except as below) to identify them as being a part of an intrinsically safe circuit. If sheaths or coverings are marked by a colour. the colour used for cable containing intrinsically safe circuits shall be light blue. Where intrinsically safe circuits have been identified by the use of light blue covered cable. then

light blue covered cable shall not be used for other purposes in a manner or location which could lead to confusion or detract from the effectiveness of the identification of intrinsically safe circuits .

If all intrinsically safe circuit cables or all cables of circuits which are not-intrinsically safe are armoured, metal sheathed or screened, then marking of intrinsically safe cables is not required.

Alternative marking measures shall be taken inside measuring and control cabinets, switchgear, distribution equipment, etc, where there is a risk of confusion between cables of intrinsically safe and non- intrinsically safe circuits, in the presence of a blue neutral conductor. Such measures include,

a) combining the cores in a common light blue harness;

b) labelling; and

c) clear arrangement and spatial separation.

12.2.2.7 Multi-core cables containing more than one intrinsically safe circuit

The requirements of this sub clause are in addition to those of 12.2.2.1 to 12.2.2.6.

Multi-core cables may contain more than one

intrinsically safe circuit but intrinsically safe 'ia' or

' ib' circuit. Intrinsically

safe 'ic' circuits may only be

run in a multicore cables if the multicore cable is Type

A or Type B. Circuits which are not intrinsically safe

shall not be carried in the same multicore as

intrinsically safe circuit (see 12.4).

The radial thickness of the conductor insulation shall

be

appropriate to the conductor diameter and the nature

of

the insulation. The minimum radial thickness shall

be

0.2 mm.

The conductor insulation shall be such that it will be capable of withstanding an r.m.s. ac test voltage of twice the nominal voltage of the intrinsically safe circuit with a minimum of 500 V.·

Multi-core cables shall be of a type capable of withstanding a dielectric test of at least

a) 500 V r.m.s. ac or 750 V de applied between any armouring and/or screen(s) joined together and all the cores joined together, and

b) I 000 V r.m.s. ac or I 500 V de applied between a bundle comprising one half of the cable cores joined together and a bundle comprising the other half of the cores joined together. This test is not applicable to multi- core cables with conducting screens for individual circuits.

25

IS 5571 : 2009

The voltage tests shall be carried out by a method specified in an appropriate cable standard. Where no such method is available, the tests shall be carried out in accordance with IS 5780llEC 60079-11.

12.2.2.8 Fault considerations in multi-core cables

The faults, if any, which shall be taken into consideration in multi-core cables used in intrinsically safe electrical systems depend upon the type of cable used.

TypeA For cables complying with the requirements of 12.2.2.7 and, in addition, with conducting screens providing individual protection for intrinsically safe circuits in order to prevent such circuits becoming connected to one another, coverage of such screens shall be at least 60 percent of the surface area. No faults between circuits are taken into consideration.

Type B Cable which is fixed, effectively protected against damage, complying with the requirements of 12.2.2.7 and, in addition, no circuit contained within the cable has a maximum voltage u, exceeding60 V. Nofaults between circuits are taken into consideration. Others

For cables complying with the requirements of 12.2.2.7 but not the additional requirements of Type A or Type B, it is necessary for 'ia' and 'ib' to take into consideration up to two short-circuits between conductors and, simultaneously, up to four open circuits of conductors. In the case of identical circuits, failures shall not be taken into consideration provided that each circuit passing through the cable has a safety factor of four times that required for category 'ia' or 'ib'.

a)

b)

c)

12.2.3 Termination of Intrinsically Safe Circuits

Terminals for intrinsically safe circuits shall be separated from terminals of circuits which are not intrinsically safe by one of the methods given below:

a) When separation is accomplished by distance, then the clearance between terminals shall be at least 50 mrn. Care shall be exercised in the layout of terminals and in the wiring method used so that contact between circuits is unlikely, if a wire becomes dislodged.

b) When separation is accomplished by use of an insulating partition or earthed metal partition, the partitions used shall extend to within 1.5 mrn of the walls of the enclosure,

IS 5571 : 2009

or alternatively provide a rmmmum measurement of 50 nun between the terminals when taken in any direction around the partition.

The minimum clearances between the bare conducting parts of external conductors connected to terminals and earthed metal or other conducting parts shall be 3 mm.

The clearance between the bare conducting parts of terminals of separate intrinsically safe circuits shall be such that there is at least 6 mm between the bare conducting parts of connected external conductors.

The terminals of the intrinsically safe circuits shall be marked as such.

NOTES

1 This marking may be by the use of colour. 'in which case it shall be light blue. Plugs and sockets used for connection of external intrinsically safe circuits shall be separate from. and non-interchangeable with. those of circuits which are not intrin sically safe. Where the apparatus is fitted with more than one plug and socket for external connections and interchange could adversely affect the type of protection. such plugs and sockets shall either be arranged so that interchange is not possible. for example. by keying. or mating plugs and sockets shall be identified. for example. by marking or colour coding. to make interchange obvious (see 12.4). 2 Where a connector carries earthed circuits and the type of protection depends on the earth connection. then the connector shall be constructed in accordance with the requirements given in IS 5780/IEC 60079-11 relating to earth conductors. connect ions and terminals .

12.2.4 Earthing of Intrinsically Safe Circuits

Intrinsically safe circuits may be either;

a) isolated from earth , or

b) connected at one point to the equipotential bonding system, if this exists over the whole area in which the intrinsically safe or energy limited circuits are installed.

The installation method shall be chosen with regard to the functional requirements of the circuits and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

More than one earth connection is permitted on a circuit, provided that the circuit is galvanically separated into sub circuits, each of which has only one earth point.

In intrinsically safe circuits which are isolated from earth, attention shall be paid to the danger of electrostatic charging. A connection to earth across a resistance of between 0.2MW and I MW, for example for the dissipation of electrostatic charges, is not deemed to be earthing .

Intrinsically safe circuits shall be earthed. if this is

necessary for safety reasons,

for example

in

26

installations with safety barriers without galvanic isolation. They may be earthed if necessary for functional reasons, for example with welded thermocouples. If intrinsically safe apparatus does not withstand the electrical strength test with at least 500V ac r.m.s. to earth according to IS 5780/ lEe 60079-11, a connection to earth for the apparatus is to be assumed.

Where the equipment is earthed (for example, by the method of mounting) and a bonding conductor is used between the equipment and the point of earth connection of the associated apparatus, conformity with (a) or (b) is not required. Such situations should receive careful consideration by a competent person and in any case should not be used for circuits without galvanic isolation entering zone O. If bonding conductors are employed, they should be adequate for the situation, have a copper cross-sectional area of no less than 4 rnm", be permanently installed without the use of plugs and sockets, adequately mechanically protected. and have terminations which, with the exception of the IP rating. conform to the requirements of type of protection 'e'.

In intrinsically safe circuits, the earthing terminals of safety barriers without galvanic isolation (for example, Zener barriers) shall be;

I)

connected to the equipotential bonding system

2)

by the shortest practicable route, or for earthed power systems only, connected to a high-integrity earth point in such a way as to ensure that the impedance from the point of connection to the main power system earth point is less than 1 W. This may be achieved by connection to a switch-room earth bar or by the use of separate earth rods . The conductor used shall be insulated to prevent invasion of the earth by fault currents which might flow in metallic parts with which the conductor could come into contact (for example, control panel frames). Mechanical protection shall also be provided in places where the risk of damage is high.

The cross-section of the earth connection shall consist of;

i) at least two separate conductors each rated to carry the maximum possible current, which can continuously flow, each with a minimum of 1.5 mm-copper, or

ii) at least one conductor with a minimum of 4 mrrr'copper.

If the prospective short-circuit current of the supply system connected to the barrier input terminals is such

that the earth connection is not capable of carrying such current, then the cross-sectional area shall be

increased accordingly or

If the earth connection is achieved via junction boxes, special care should be taken to ensure the continued integrity of the connection .

additional conductors used .

NaTE -

considered to facilitate testing.

The provision of two earthing conductors should be

12.2.5 Verification of Intrinsically Safe Circuits

12.2.5.1 General

Unless a system certificate is available defining the parameters for the complete intrinsically safe circuit, then the whole of this sub clause shall be complied with.

A descriptive documentation shall be prepared by the system designer in which the items of the electrical equipment of the system and the electrical parameters as well as those of interconnecting wiring are included.

When installing intrinsically safe circuits, including cables . the maximum permissible inductance, capacitance or LIR ratio and surface temperature shall not be exceeded. The permissible values shall be taken from the associated apparatus or associated energy limited apparatus documentation or the marking plate.

NaTE - The form in which information in the descriptive system document necessary to ensure safety should be kept is not stated precisely and may not be covered by a number of sources such as drawings . schedules. maintained manual and similar documents. The document should be prepared and maintained such that all the information relevant to a particular installation can be easily accessed.

12.2.5.2 Intrinsically safe circuits with only one associated apparatus

Where a circuit contains significant amounts ofenergy stored in both capacitance and inductance the capacitve stored energy may reinforce the effect of the power source feeding the inductor. The distributed inductance and capacitance of cables is known to be less incendive than that of an inductive or capacitive component. The following method of assessment of cable parameters. which is only applicable to linear (resistive current limited) circuits, takes these factors into account.

Determine the output voltage (UJ. output current (/0)' maximum external capacitance (Co), maximum external inductance (LJ. and the maximum external

ratio (LJR o ) of the power

source from the label or documentation of that source.

Determine the effective total inductance and capacitance of all the apparatus connected in the circuit by adding together the input capacitances (C) and input inductances (I.;) of the connected apparatus plus the total capacitance and inductance of any simple apparatus included in the system.

inductance to resistance

27

IS 5571 : 2009

Where either or both the effective total inductance and capacitance is not greater than I percent of Land C respectively then the permitted inductance or capacitance of the interconnected cable is determined by subtracting these effective values from the C and

L o of the source of power. The use of the L,fR o ratio as

a cable parameter is permitted, provided that the effective total capacitance is greater than or equal to 1 percent of Co' If the effective total inductance is

greater than 1 percent of L o then the permitted UR

of the cable must be recalculated in accordance with IS/IEC 60079-25. Where the use of the L,fR o ratio is permitted. then if the cable has an UR ratio less than.

or equal to the permitted value , it is not necessary 10 satisfy the L o requirement.

°

°

ratio

Where both the total inductance and capacitance are

1 percent of L o and Co respectively then

the values of Coand L o should be divided by two. The cable inductance and capacitance should then be calculated by subtracting the effective total inductance

from these reduced values. The use of the

greater than

L,fR o

parameter for the cable is not permitted in these

circumstances.

Guidance on the determination of cable parameters is given in 12.2.2.2.

The values of permissible input voltage U, input current Iiand input power P of each intrinsically safe apparatus shall be greater than or equal to the values U o ' 1 o and Po respectively of the associated apparatus.

For simple apparatus the maximum temperature can be determined from the values of Po of tl ~ associated apparatus to obtain the temperature class. The temperature class can be determined by;

a) reference to Table 4, or

b) calculation using the formula:

T= PoR dI + T1mb

where

T = surface temperature;

= power marked on the associated apparatus;

Rib = thermal resistance (K/W) (as specified by the component manufacturer for the applicable mounting conditions); and

Po

ambient temperature (normally 40°C) and reference to 5.3.

In addition, components with a surface area smaller than 10 cm 2 (excluding lead wires) may be classified as T5. if their surface temperature does not exceed 150°C.

TtiM=

IS 5571 : 2009

The apparatus group of the intrinsically safe circuit is the same as the most restrictive grouping of any of the items of electrical equipment forming that circuit (for example a circuit with lIB and IIC equipment will have

a circuit grouping of lIB).

In addition, components with a surface area smaller

than 10 cm 2 (excluding lead wires) may

as T5 if their surface temperature does not

exceed 150°C.

The apparatus group of the intrinsically safe circuit is the same as the most restrictive grouping of any of the items of electrical equipment forming that circuit (for example, a circuit with lIB and IIC apparatus will have

a circuit grouping of lIB).

beclassified

NOTE - Where the Intrinsically safe apparatus contains effective inductance and the associated apparatus is marked with an inductance/resistance UR.value, reference should be made to ISIIEC 60079 -25. intrinsically safe systems. Annex D:

Verification of inductive parameter.

Table 4 Assessment for T4 Classification According to Component Size and Ambient Temperature

(Clause 12.2.5.2)

SI

Total Surface Area

Requirement for T4

No .

Excluding Lead Wires

Classification (based 00 40°C Ambieot Temperature)

(I)

(2)

(3)

i) <20 mm'

<: 20 mm!

iii) 2:20 mm'

Surface temperature s275·C

Surface temperature s200·C

Power not exceeding 1.3 W"

,) Reduced to 1.2 W with 60·C ambient temperature or 1.0 W with 80·C ambient temperature.

ii)

slO em!

12.2.5.3 Intrinsically safe circuits with more than one associated apparatus

If two or more intrinsically safe circuits are interconnected. the intrinsic safety of the whole system shall be checked by means of theoretical calculations or a spark ignition test in accordance with IS 57801 IEC 60079-11 . The apparatus group. temperature class and level of protection shall be determined.

Account shall be taken of the risk of feeding back voltages and currents into associated apparatus from the rest of the circuit. The rating of voltage and current- limiting elements within each associated apparatus shall not be exceeded by the appropriate combination of U o and