Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 74


Melaksanakan tugas jaga permesinan dengan aman (Maintain a safe engineering

1. Before leaving the machinery spaces of a UMS vessel after routine watchkeeping
rounds in the evening, the duty engineer inspects the doors to Fuel Oil Treatment
rooms which are covered by a fixed fire fighting installation. For what purpose does
he do this?
A. To make sure that they are properly closed with the self
closing device so that any fire is contained and the
extinguishing medium can be released without delay.
B. To tie them open with a rope to prevent the heat from building
up inside, and making it uncomfortable to work.
C. Wedge them open with an arrangement which allows them to
be closed quickly in the event of a fire.quickly.
D. Remove the auto closing device so they remain in whatever
position they were.

2. Before leaving the machinery spaces of a UMS vessel whose engine room is protected
by a fixed CO2 installation, should the duty engineer:
A. Ensure all doors are in closed position.
B. Lock all of the entry exit doors to prevent entry by
unauthorised personnel.
C. Hook the main entry/exit doors in the open position to speed up
entry in the event of an alarm.
D. Leave the doors in whatever position they are in.


3. Crewmen are carrying out maintenance work in the engine room on overtime. The
work does not affect machinery operation. At the end of normal working hours, what
should the Engineer on Duty do?
A. Continue with manual operated engine room until the
maintenance work is finished.
B. Switch to UMS-mode and leave the engine room as normal.
C. Switch to UMS-modeand inform the crewmen not to touch any
of the machinery.
D. Leave the engine room after asking the crewmen to switch
to UMS once they have finished working

4. During a routine check of one of the auxiliary engines in an UMS operated engine
room, a minor leakage on a high pressure fuel pipe is observed. What would be the
appropriate action and/or precaution to be taken? (Assume normal operation; 2 gen
sets operating and 1 on standby)
A. Inform the Chief Engineer and the Bridge. Change over
to manual mode, switch over generators and repair the fault
before returning to UMS mode.
B. Change the operation to the third generator set, leaving the
original set as stand-by until it can be repaired the next day..
C. Continue in UMS mode but have a motorman on watch for the
rest of the night, especially instructed to watch the engine and
clean up the leakage
D. Place a drip tray in position to collect the leakage and continue
in UMS mode.


5. During an unmanned period on a UMS vessel the "low water level" alarm for the
jacket cooling water system expansion tank activates. What action would you take as
duty engineer?
A. Answer the alarm, top up the tank and check the system for
leakage before resuming unmanned operation.
B. Answer the alarm and adjust the alarm set point for the
water level in the expansion tank before resuming
unmanned operation.
C. Answer the alarm then block the alarm function for later action
and resume unmanned operation.
D. Answer the alarm then block the alarm and change to manned
engineroom condition.

6. During UMS rounds at night during a sea passage the duty engineer discovers the
main engine lube oil pump starter "chattering" loudly. What is the correct action to be
A. Switch over to the other pump and inform the CE of the noise
immediately. Keep engine room manned.]
B. Call the electrician and inform him of the noise and ask him to
put it at the top of the next day's job list. Continue UMS
C. Switch over to the other pump and leave the starter until the
next morning. Continue UMS oeration.
D. Keep engine room manned so that the starter can be
checked regularly to see if it gets worse.

7. If the oil content high alarm is actuated on an automatic oily water separator what
should the resulting action be?
A. Overboard discharge valve should close automatically.
B. The oil outlet valve opens automatically.
C. Overboard discharge valve should be shut manually by the duty
D. The sludge pump should stop automatically.


8. In accordance with SOLAS and other international regulations, certain important

machinery functions, such as operation and control of the steering gear and propulsion
machinery, must be tested at specified times. When should these tests be carried out?
A. Prior to arrival and departure from port and
following maintenance.
B. Only following maintenance.
C. Only following drydock.
D. Only at stand by engines.

9. Is it necessary to cool the samples taken from a diesel engine cooling water system
before carrying out tests to determine the concentration of treatment chemicals?
A. Yes, the samples should be cooled to approximately 25 C.
B. No, the test should be carried out at system temperature.
C. Yes, the samples should be cooled to approximately 50 C.
D. No, the samples should be heated to approximately 95 C.

10. The bilge holding tank level is being reduced by discharging through the OWS. What
action should be taken when the oil/water interface in the holding tank is reached?
A. Stop the OWS and pump the oil to the incinerator tank.
B. Stop the OWS and pump the oil to a bunker tank.
C. Continue pumping the contents of the holding tank
through the OWS.
D. Bypass the OWS and discharge the remaining contents of the
holding tank overboard.

11. The duty engineer notices that there is full flow through overflow line observation
glass to the fuel oil overflow tank. What action should be taken?
A. Stop all F.O. transfers and other fuel operations
immediately and check all fuel tank levels.
B. Check the levels in all the fuel oil tanks.
C. Get a crewman to sound the overflow tank at frequent intervals
and report to the duty engineer when it is nearly full.
D. Start the fuel oil transfer pump to pump out the overflow tank.


12. What action should the Duty Engineer take when entering an UMS-mode operated
engine room due to an alarm or due to a scheduled routine check?
A. Notify the Bridge and switch the UMS selector switch to
manual mode and engage the "dead man alarm"
B. Switch the UMS selector switch to manual mode only
C. Leave the UMS selector switch in UMS-mode
D. Answer the alarm or carry out the check and then leave
the engine room.

13. What would be the most likely cause of a smell of "rotten eggs" in the upper casing of
the engine room?
A. A leak of exhaust gas from a boiler or diesel engine exhaust.
B. Fresh water evaparator malfunction.
C. Failure of the ship's refrigeration system.
D. Open or leaking acetylene bottle.

14. Why is it necessary to carry out routine tests of the water in a diesel engine cooling
water system?
A. To check that the correct concentration of corrosion inhibitors
are maintained.
B. To check for leakage in the cooling water system.
C. To check that the O-ring seals are in good condition.
D. To check for the presence of contaminants in the system.

15. After an engine following start up it is discovered that the start air pipe to one of the
cylinders is hotter than normal. What is the likely cause of this problem?
A. The air start valve for the cylinder is leaking or stuck open.
B. The main air start automatic valve has not closed properly.
C. The air start line flame trap for the cylinder is burning inside.
D. The air start compressor cooling has failed.


16. After cleaning some machinery components at sea, the engine watch rating is
instructed to dispose the small amount of dirty diesel oil which is left. How should the
dirty oil be disposed?
A. Put it straight into the dirty oil tank for incineration at the
next opportunity.
B. Pour it into the engine room bilge so that it can be pumped
through the oily water separator.
C. Take it on deck and throw it overboard.
D. Pour it into the diesel oil storage tank through the sounding

17. An engine room rating is assisting the duty engineer during a period of UMS operation.
After completing the tasks they leave the engine room which is returned to UMS mode.
The rating realises that an oil tank filling valve has been left open. What action should
be taken?
A. Inform the duty engineer immediately so that the engine
room can be re-entered and the valve can be shut.
B. Re-enter the engine room straight away and shut the valve.
C. Inform another crewmember that he is going back into the
engine room to close the valve.
D. Just leave the valve open as it is unsafe to enter the engine
room alone. The high alarm will sound to notify the engineer
when the tank is full.

18. During bilge pumping operations the pump suction gauge indicates a high vacuum.
What is the most likely cause of the high vacuum reading?
A. A blocked bilge suction strainer.
B. A hole in the suction line.
C. Broken suction gauge.
D. Leaking pump gland.


19. How can water hammer be avoided when operating the valves and pumps in a cooling
water system?
A. Operate valves slowly
B. Start pump with closed valves
C. Start the pump with open valves
D. Operate valves quickly

20. The engine rating on watch finds the level of the diesel engine jacket water header
tank well below normal. After topping up the tank and checking around the engine, a
leak is found. What action should be taken?
A. Try and quickly stop the leak and then inform the
engineer on watch of what has happened.
B. Leave the filling valve open a little bit to make up for
the leakage.
C. Check the tank and top it up more frequently.
D. Put a bucket under the leak and refill the header tank with the
water that collects in the bucket to save water.

21. The engine room rating has been assisting with ballast operations during a period of
engine room watch duty. Ballast operations have stopped for a couple of hours while
stores are being taken. What action should the rating take during this break in
A. Stop all of the ballast pumps and close all of the ballast
valves as soon as operations are stopped. Ballast lines
should always be closed except when they are being used.
B. Just keep the pumps running and the valves for the ballast tanks
open to save time when operations are restarted. The tanks will
just overflow through the air vents.
C. Just stop the pumps and close the pump suction and discharge
valves. Leave the valves for the ballast tanks open to save time
D. Shut the valves for the ballast tanks but keep the pumps running
and discharging overboard to save time later.


22. What action should be taken if it is noticed a quantity of oil on the engine room tank
A. Notify the duty engineer and try and find the cause of the
leakage so that it can be stopped and the oil cleaned up.
B. Apply foam to the tank top to minimise any risk of fire.
C. Start the fire pump and wash the oil into the bilges.
D. Open the overboard valve and start the bilge pump.

23. What is the main difference between a stuffing box gland and a mechanical seal on a
centrifugal pump?
A. If packing fails the pump can be kept running by tightening the
glands, but if a mechanical seal fails it must be renewed to stop
the leakage
B. Packed stuffing box glands are subject to wear but
mechanical seals are not
C. Packed stuffing box glands must be cooled by liquid, but
mechanical seals do not require any cooling
D. The sealing surface of a mechanical seal is usually parallel to
the shaft, but sealing surface of a packed gland is perpendicular
to the shaft

24. What is the main purpose of a heat exchanger in a cooling water system?
A. To transfer heat from one fluid to another
B. To maintain a steady pressure in the system
C. To reduce engine room temperature
D. To reduce water turbulence

25. What is the normal indication that an oil filter is becoming blocked?
A. The pressure drop across the filter.
B. Low pressure in the system.
C. Visual inspection of the filter elements.
D. High temperature of the oil.


26. What is the normal maximum oil content permitted for machinery space bilge
overboard discharge via OWS equipment?
A. 15 ppm
B. 100 ppm
C. 50 ppm
D. Zero ppm

27. What should be the first indication the engine room watchkeepers get that there is oil
or water leakage in the engine room?
A. They should see it on the tank top or in the bilge well during
regular inspections.
B. Bilge alarm should sound
C. A low level alarm should sound for one of the oil or
water tanks.
D. They should hear the bilge pump start up automatically.

28. What term is used to describe a fresh water cooling system which contains a seawater
cooled common freshwater cooler and which meets the cooling requirements for all
the engine room machinery?
A. A central cooling system
B. A low temperature freshwater system
C. A common cooling system
D. A high temperature freshwater system

29. What would be the most probable cause of an increase in cooling water temperature
for all cylinders of a diesel engine?
A. Fouling of the jacket water cooler.
B. Fouling of the lubricating oil cooler.
C. Low level in the header tank for the jacket system.
D. Fouling of the charge air cooler.


30. What would be the most probable cause of high temperature readings for the bearings
in a diesel engine?
A. Lubricating oil pressure too low.
B. Charge air pressure too low.
C. Water in the fuel oil.
D. Jacket cooling water temperature too high.

31. What would you do if you are told to operate a piece of mechanical equipment which
you are not familiar with?
A. Seek advice from your superior before attempting to operate it.
B. Ensure that all safety guards and devices are disconnected.
C. Try and guess how the equipment should be operated.
D. Ignore the request to operate the equipment.

32. Which of the following pump types will normally require a separate means of
A. Centrifugal pump
B. Screw pump
C. Gear pump
D. Reciprocating pump

33. Which of the following statements regarding a centrifugal pump is correct?

A. It is important that the rotation direction is correct to
avoid dry running.
B. A centrifugal pump is always fitted in a vertical position.
C. A centrifugal pump is always self priming.
D. Under normal operation the fluid being pumped discharges
from the centre of the impeller.


34. Which statement is true in relation to the operating parameters for a marine diesel
A. The normal temperature of the lub oil after the cooler is
approximately 45 C.
B. The jacket cooling water enters the engine at the cylinder
cover at approximately 70 C and exits at the bottom of the
cylinder liner.
C. The minimum scavenge air temperature is 60 C to avoid
condensate forming in the charge air cooler
D. The normal temperature of the lub oil after the cooler is
approximately 65 C.

35. While assisting the watchkeeper with routine cleaning of the fuel oil separator the
watch rating is requested to clean the plate stack. Which one is the preferred method
for this task?
A. Soak the plates in a suitable solvent until all of the dirt has
loosened off and wipe clean with rags.
B. With the plate stack in position fill the purifier bowl
with clean diesel oil and quickly switch it on and off to
wash the plates.
C. Soak the dirty plates in a solvent for an hour and then stand
them on the engine room deck to drain off.
D. Scrape the plates as clean as possible with a packing knife
and then wash them with a high pressure water hose.

36. While on watch, an engine room rating notices a leak from the gland of a running
seawater pump. What action should be taken?
A. Inform the engineer officer of the watch so that the pump
can be changed over and the gland can be repacked.
B. Remove the pump guard and tighten up the gland while
the pump is still running to see that the leak stops.
C. Change over the pumps and tell his relief at the end of the
D. Place some jointing in way of the leak to direct the water

into the bilge to stop it being sprayed around by the rotating


37. While trying to deballast a double bottom tank problems are encountered getting
suction on the ballast pump, a centrifugal pump mounted above the tank top. What
action can be taken to solve the problem?
A. Prime the pump with seawater from the main inlet valve.
B. Disconect the manometer pipe to get rid of an air pocket .
C. Close the discharge valve.
D. Repeatedly start and stop the pump until it gets suction.

38. Why is it important that all the system valves are closed after completing bilge or
ballast pumping operations?
A. To avoid accidental intake of water into the engine room in
case of valve or pipeline failure.
B. To make sure the valves do not seize in the open position.
C. To keep the pump housing full of fluid.
D. It isn't important how the valves are left after pumping
operations are completed.

39. Which is the most fundamental part of shipboard duties and takes priority over all
other duties
A. Maintenance
B. Emergency drills
C. Cargo surveillance
D. Watch keeping

40. On discovering an out break of fire in the engine room what action would you take?
A. Sound the fire alarm and then tackle the fire.
B. Attempt to tackle the fire.
C. Shut down vent fans and all vent flaps.
D. Inform the bridge watch keeper.


41. What is the most important connection with the deck department for the chief
A. The ships speed and consumption
B. Maintenance of all cargo gear
C. Maintenance of all safety appliances
D. Knowledge of all sailing and cargo plans

42. When should you make sure that loose gear in machinery space is secured?
A. Mien you are warned bythe bridge of bad weather
B. At all times
C. After completion of every job
D. Prior to leaving port

43. Vahat condition should the fire main be in when at sea?

A. Pressurised at all times.
B. All pump and isolating values closed.
C. Sea suction and fire main discharge values open ready to pressurise the
main when pump is started.
D. Drained and empty to prevent leakage at hydrants.

44. When taking ouer the watch as duty engineer, before inspecting the plant condition,
what would you check?
A. The fire alarm monitoring equipment
B. The log book entries from the previous watch
C. The engine room bilges
D. The Chief Engineer's standing orders and special instructions

45. If when in port there is an urgent need to pump bilge water from the vessel, what
would you do?
A. Pump the bilges only to a shore or barge reception facility.
B. Pump the bilges over the sides via the oily water separator
C. Pump the bilges only during night time
D. Pump bilges in a dirty oil tank or sludge tank and note in logbook


46. Why should care be exercised when using portable CO2 extinguishers?
A. Not suitable for use on all fires
B. In confined spaces the atmosphere could overcome the operator.
C. The force of the discharge could spread the fire.
D. Limited capacity of the extinguisher.

47. considered your relieving engineer unfit to take over what should you do?
A. Hand over the watch and inform the Chief Engineer.
B. Inform the Chief Engineer.
C. Refuse to hand over the watch and inform the Chief Engineer.
D. Hand over the watch and inform the Bridge watch keeper.

48. In the case of a serious engine malfunction what would be your course of action?
A. Attempt to rectify the fault
B. Inform the bridge watch keeper before taking any action.
C. Stop the engine immediately and investigate the cause.
D. Slow down the engine and attempt to rectify the fault.

49. Which of the following should you carry out before discharging a fixed fire fighting
installation into the machinery space?
A. Ensure all personnel are out of the space and accounted For.
B. Shut down any running machinery and close all quick closing fuel values.
C. Keep captain informed of the situation at all times.
D. Securely close all doors, vent flaps and shut down vent fans.

50. What in the most important aspect of communication with the Bridge.
A. Executing orders from and issuing warnings to the bridge
B. Operation of fire fighting and life saving equipment
C. Ballasting operations, cargo hold bilge pumping
D. Executing of orders from the bridge


51. What is the meaning of 'H.S. pumps'?

A. Higgins-Simpson pumps
B. High Suction pumps
C. Hydrostatic solenoid pumps
D. Hele-Shaw pumps

52. Onboard ship which piece of equipment removes water from fuel and lubricating oil ?
A. A bilge pump.
B. An evaporator.
C. A purifier.
D. An oily water separator.

53. Bilges must always be pumped to the sea via…

A. the oil mist detector.
B. the centrifugal purifier.
C. the forecastle head.
D. the oily water separator.

54. Main air compressors on motorships supply air to which of the following ?
A. Control room blowers
B. Main and auxiliary diesel engines
C. Turbochargers
D. Fresh air ventilators.

55. Compressed air to power air operated tools is supplied by which of the following ?
A. Boilers.
B. Working air compressors.
C. Centrifugal pumps.
D. Pneupress tanks.


56. The main lubricating oil pumps would supply ………

A. lubricating oil to the main engine.
B. salt water to the main engine.
C. lubricating oil to the air compressors.
D. fuel oil to the main engine.

57. Onboard ship an evaporator performs which one of the following functions ?
A. It treats raw sewage by biological degradation.
B. It dries compressed air after leaving the air compressor.
C. It desalinates sea water to make fresh water.
D. It supplies fresh water to the accommodation from the engine room.

58. Centrifugal purifiers are used to remove……….

A. oil from bilge water.
B. small amounts of water from oil.
C. dirt from accommodation air.
D. dirt and water from compressed air lines.

59. In the engine room a pressure vessel half full of air and half of water that supplies
water to the
accommodation is called …….
A. a fresh water tank.
B. a mains water supply.
C. an evaporator.
D. apneupress or hydrophore tank.

60. On a modern ship the main engine lubricating oil is cooled by which of the following
A. Refrigeration circuit.
B. Air flowing over a radiator.
C. Main engine cooling water.
D. Sea water in a tubular heat exchanger.


61. Auxiliary diesel engines on motorships supply……….

A. electricity for use onboard.
B. lubricating oil for use in the main engine.
C. electricity for use ashore.
D. fresh water for drinking.

62. In an auxiliary diesel engine the connecting rod would join which of the following
items ?
A. Piston and crankshaft.
B. Camshaft and exhaust value.
C. Crankshaft and crosshead bearing.
D. Piston and crosshead bearing.

63. A Bourdon Tube is used to assist the measurement of which of the following ?
A. Light.
B. Temperature.
C. Pressure.
D. Length.

64. The ship's steering gear uses ……………

A. hydraulic power to turn the propeller.
B. hydraulic power to turn the rudder.
C. hydraulic power to drive the bow thruster.
D. compressed air to turn the rudder.

65. The abbreviation L.O. stands for……….

A. Left Out.
B. Lock Out.
C. Lubricating Oil.
D. Lower Outer main engine.


66. Controllable or variable pitch propellers are ………

A. propellers whose blades are adjustable.
B. propellers that act as a rudder.
C. used to supply fresh water to condensers.
D. the rotary part of a centrifugal pump.

67. Bimetallic strips can be used to measure………

A. pressure
B. flow
C. temperature
D. length

68. Pressure can be measured by a………

A. liquid in glass thermometer.
B. flowmeter.
C. Bourdon tube.
D. bimetal strip.

69. Propellers used to assist the berthing of a ship by pushing it sideways are called
A. fixed pitch thrusters.
B. steerable propellers.
C. bow and stern thrusters.
D. controllable pitch main propellers.

70. Pneupress tanks supply………..

A. water for the fire main.
B. compressed air to power hand tools.
C. water to the accommodation.
D. water for the evaporator.


71. Plate or tubular heat exchangers are used for which of the following ?
A. Cooling the fresh main engine cooling water.
B. Heating steam while still in the boiler.
C. Cooling the water for the fire main.
D. Heating the galley range.

72. Auxiliary boilers found on motor ships are mostly ……

A. used to supply electrical power for the ship.
B. fire or smoke tube type.
C. used to supply electrical power.
D. used to start the main engine.

73. Engine room piping colour coded yellow carries which of the following ?
A. Compressed air.
B. Lubricating oil.
C. Fresh water.
D. Seawater.

74. Which of the following is the correct name for a void space between two tanks
carrying different liquids ?
A. A drain tank.
B. A cofferdam.
C. A deep tank.
D. A bilge.

75. Temperature can be measured by a ……..

A. liquid in glass thermometer.
B. Bourdon tube.
C. ruler.
D. manometer.


76. On a boiler the main steam outlet is called ………

A. the blow down valve.
B. the air vent.
C. the feed check value.
D. the main stop value.

77. Which of the following materials would be most suitable for flange jointing of
pipework carrying lubricating oil ?
A. Metal.
B. Paper.
C. Reinforced compressed fibre.
D. Compressed fibre.

78. Turbocharging an engine is the operation which forces extra air into the following ?
A. A compressor driven from the exhaust gases.
B. A steam driven turbine.
C. An air compressor.
D. A compressor driven from the crankshaft.

79. What is supported by the main shaft bearings ?

A. The turbocharger.
B. The propeller shaft.
C. The camshaft.
D. The ventilation shaft.

80. Engine clutches are used with which type of main engine ?
A. Low pressure steam turbines.
B. Medium speed engines.
C. High pressure steam turbines.
D. Slow speed engines.


81. Superheated steam is used ………

A. to provide power for conventional steam turbines.
B. to keep gas turbine engines warm.
C. to provide heat for the accommodation.
D. to start diesel engines.

82. During the 4-stroke cycle of a diesel engine, which of the following is true ?
A. Fuel is injected immediately after the exhaust stroke.
B. Air is drawn into the cylinder during the induction stroke.
C. The compression stroke is the power stroke.
D. The exhaust stroke comes immediately before the power stroke.

83. Which of the following is true of large two stroke slow speed engines ?
A. They have a special bearing called a crosshead bearing.
B. They only run at 400 - 500 r.p.m.
C. They are of the trunk piston type.
D. They are not turbo-charged.

84. Oily water separators perform which of the following ?

A. They make sure that no oil is pumped overboard.
B. They clean engine scavenges.
C. They remove the water from the fuel before it is burnt.
D. They make sure that no raw sewage is pumped overboard.

85. Turbines on steamships are powered by………..

A. saturated steam.
B. superheated steam.
C. compressed air.
D. water.


86. Main lubricating oil pumps supply……..

A. lost oil back to the settling tank.
B. lubricating oil to the main engine.
C. fresh high temperature water to the main engine.
D. lubricating oil to evaporator.

87. The type of main engine known as a trunk piston type engine is usually which of the
following ?
A. A gas turbine engine.
B. A medium speed diesel engine.
C. A steam engine.
D. A slow speed diesel engine.

88. Which of the following statements is true about positive displacement pumps ?
A. They are not self priming pumps.
B. They are driven by compressed air.
C. They are used where lower capacities and speeds are required.
D. They are never used onboard ship.

89. Which of the following types of main propulsion units is the slowest turning ?
A. H.P. steam turbines.
B. L.P. steam turbines.
C. Cross head 2 stroke diesel engines.
D. Medium speed trunk piston types.

90. Modern high pressure water tube boilers have which of the following:
A. small and compact in size and are inefficient.
B. water in the tubes and are roof fired.
C. the capability to power the diesel engines.
D. water on the outside of the tubes with the burners at the bottom.


91. The boiler part known as the feed check valve, performs which of the following
functions ?
A. It protects the boiler from the effects of over-pressure.
B. It has final control over the water entering the boiler.
C. It controls the amount of fuel entering the boiler.
D. It controls the steam leaving the boiler.

92. In a marine diesel engine, which of the following slides up and down inside the
cylinder liner ?
A. The connecting rod.
B. The piston.
C. The crankshaft.
D. The camshaft.

93. A boiler fitting known as a gauge glass, is used for which of the following reasons ?
A. To indicate fuel flow.
B. To measure the water flow to the boiler.
C. To allow the easy reading of the pressure gauge.
D. To indicate water level.

94. Which of the following statements regarding steam turbines is NOT true ?
A. From the H.P. turbine the steam then goes to the condenser.
B. The H.P. turbine is smaller than the L.P. turbine.
C. The H.P. turbine receives the steam before the L.P. turbine.
D. The H.P. turbine is a faster rotating machine than a diesel engine.

95. Centrifugal purifiers are used on board ship ……….

A. remove all the dirt and water from fuel and lubricating oil.
B. can replace washing machines.
C. to clean fresh water before it is supplied for drinking.
D. to ensure compressed air is clean before it is used.


96. The condenser in a steam plant is where…….

A. Low pressure steam is produced.
B. electricity is supplied.
C. water is turned into steam.
D. steam is turned back into water.

97. In a modern steam turbine, steam is prevented from leaking along the shaft by
A. a labyrinth seal.
B. high temperature packing.
C. the inlet nozzle.
D. the blading.

98. An air compressor driven by the exhaust gases is called

A. an induced draught fan.
B. a forced draught fan.
C. a super charger.
D. a turbo-charger.

99. Marine diesel engines are which type of engines ?

A. Steam powered.
B. Compression ignition engines.
C. Spark ignition engines.
D. Gas powered.

100. Boiler feed water is water………

A. mixed with fuel oil and burnt as waste oil.
B. used to cool steam turbines.
C. taken from the condenser and fed back to the boiler.
D. used to cool steam back into water.


101. The term 'compression ignition engine defines…….

A. a diesel engine.
B. a steam turbine.
C. a petrol engine.
D. a steam engine.

102. Which of the following is NOT a boiler mounting ?

A. Air vent.
B. Blow down valves.
C. Burner air flaps.
D. Gauge glass.

103. Which of the following types of pump needs priming every time it is used ?
A. A reciprocating pump.
B. A gear type pump.
C. A scroll type pump.
D. A centrifugal pump.

104. Indicate which of the following main propulsion engines has the fastest rotation speed
A. Medium speed diesel engines.
B. Steam reciprocating engines.
C. Slow speed diesel engines.
D. Steam turbines.

105. A compression ignition engine describes which of the following types ?

A. Diesel engines.
B. Steam turbine engine.
C. Petrol engines.
D. Gas turbine engines.


106. Indicate which of the following main propulsion engines is the largest ?
A. Medium speed diesel engines.
B. Slow speed diesel engines.
C. High speed diesel engines.
D. Steam turbines.

107. Which of the following applies to main medium speed engines ?

A. They are fast engines requiring reduction gearing before driving the propeller
B. They supply compressed air to drive high-speed engines.
C. They are never used to power ships.
D. They are usually two stroke engines.

108. During the four stroke cycle, which of the following is true ?
A. The exhaust stroke takes place immediately after the power stroke.
B. After the exhaust stroke the next cycle begins with the compression of the
C. Injection of fuel takes place at the end of the power stroke.
D. The injection of the fuel is immediately after the induction stroke.

109. Saturated steam is produced ……..

A. to heat fuel in tanks or to heat ace
B. to start diesel engines.
C. to power turbo alternators.
D. to power steam turbines.

110. Distilled water taken from the condenser and pumped back to the boiler is
A. condenser water.
B. feed water.
C. fresh water.
D. evaporated water.


111. Which part of a marine diesel engine can be inspected through the crankcase doors ?
A. The piston crown.
B. The inlet valve.
C. The exhaust valve.
D. The bottom end

112. Positive displacement pumps are…….

A. driven by compressed air.
B. notself priming pumps.
C. self priming pumps.
D. used for pumping “large" capacities.

113. Modern cross head marine diesel engines are ……

A. never used as direct drive engines.
B. very small and compact.
C. fitted with many small cylinders.
D. large 2-stroke slow speed engines.

114. Fuel and lubricating oil is cleaned before it is used by which of the following ?
A. Oily water separators.
B. Centrifugal pumps.
C. Centrifugal purifiers.
D. Evaporators.

115. In a marine diesel engine, the piston runs up and down inside which of these ?
A. The cylinder aperture.
B. The cylinder conductor.
C. The cylinder facing.
D. The cylinder liner.


116. Superheated steam is steam……….

A. that can be used for heating the accommodation.
B. that is mixed with water vapour.
C. that has been condensed.
D. that has been heated until it is "dry”.

117. The bilges in a ship are………….

A. the floor plates at the bottom of the engine room.
B. another name for sludge tanks.
C. the division bulkheads in an engine room.
D. the lowest part of the ship capturing dirty water from leaks.

118. Modern high pressure boilers produce which of the following ?

A. Fresh water for drinking.
B. Feed water.
C. Saturated steam.
D. Superheated steam.

119. Which type of pump would be most suitable for pumping large quantities such as oil
cargoes ?
A. Reciprocating pumps.
B. Centrifugal pumps.
C. Gear pumps.
D. Screw pumps.

120. Which of the following removes the oil from bilge water before the water can be
A. Oily water separators.
B. Oil fitters.
C. Evaporators.
D. Purifiers.


121. High pressure steam turbines are…….

A. larger than low pressure turbines.
B. powered by feed water.
C. smaller than low pressure turbines.
D. directly coupled to the propeller shaft.

122. On a boiler, the value fitted to protect the boiler from the effects of over pressure is
A. the blow down valve.
B. the safety valve.
C. the feed check valve.
D. the main stop valve.

123. A boiler mounting is…………

A. the boiler burner.
B. the bed plate on which the boiler is mounted.
C. equipment external to the boiler.
D. the various values and fittings attached to the pressure part of the boiler.

124. The connecting rod on a cross-head diesel engine is attached to which of the
following ?
A. Cross-head bearing and crankshaft.
B. Piston and crankshaft.
C. Cylinder head and exhaust valve.
D. Piston and cross-head bearing.

125. Rubber jointing is used for the flanges of pipework when which of the following is
carried ?
A. Rater
B. Corrosive chemicals.
C. Oil.
D. Superheated steam.


126. In a steam plant, the steam turns to water in …

A. the turbo-feed pump.
B. the condenser.
C. the boiler.
D. the L.P. turbine.

127. Safety values are fitted to boilers to……..

A. safety blow water from the boiler to reduce the impurities.
B. protect the boiler from the effects of over pressure.
C. allow the steam from the boiler to the turbine.
D. cut off the fuel when the boiler is up to pressure.

128. Fresh water on board a modern ship is produced by which of the following?
A. Alternators.
B. Pneupress tanks.
C. Purifiers.
D. Evaporators.

129. In which part of a refrigeration circuit is the low temperature produced ?

A. The compressor.
B. The receiver.
C. The evaporator.
D. The condenser.

130. With regard to pumps in general which of the following is true?

A. Older type material packing is superior to the modern mechanical counterpart.
B. Bilge pumps do not suffer considerable wear.
C. Main lubricating oil pumps would only normally have to be opened
for survey.
D. Corrosion of sea water pumps never happens during the life of the pump.


131. Before dismantling any equipment, first make sure that it is……..
A. well greased.
B. thoroughly clean on the outside.
C. well painted.
D. topped up with oil.

132. Which of the following is true when maintaining air compressors ?

A. Air filters are changed every day.
B. Suction and discharge valves have to be changed frequently for
good performance of the compressor.
C. Regular changing of the suction and discharge valves is not necessary.
D. The lubricating oil is not changed during the life time of the compressor.

133. Maintenance to a diesel engine's jacket cooling water system consists of …….
A. replacement of the water every month.
B. topping up the header tank only.
C. chemical analysis and treatment at regular intervals.
D. nothing during the life time of the engine.

134. When cleaning or overhauling purifiers, which of the following applies ?

A. The water supply should be left on during the whole operation.
B. The inside must only be cleaned with lubricating oil.
C. The discharge ports must be blocked before cleaning.
D. The separation discs must be kept in their correct order.

135. Most pumps on modern ships are driven by which of the following ?
A. Steam turbines.
B. Electric motors.
C. The main engine.
D. Small diesel engines.


136. Which of the following is the preferred method of storing large ''O" rings ?
A. Laid flat between boards and labeled.
B. Laid across convenient pipe work.
C. Hung in a set position in the stores.
D. Hung from a hook in the stores.

137. Which of the following arrives in drums as well as in bulk ?

A. Lubricating oil.
B. Fuel oil.
C. Fresh water.
D. Diesel oil.

138. Bell or wad punches are used for which of the following duties ?
A. Cutting round holes in sheet metal.
B. Making round holes in wood.
C. Cutting round holes in packing.
D. Cutting round holes in jointing.

139. Flange joints or gaskets made from metal would be used in which of the following
places ?
A. Water pump casings.
B. Engine exhaust flanges.
C. Hot water system pipe flanges.
D. Lubricating oil value casing flanges.

140. Which of the following concerning auxiliary boilers is not true ?

A. They all have at least 2 safety valves.
B. It is essential that the feed water is completely pure.
C. They are fitted with gauge glasses to enable a check on the water level.
D. The steam they generate is not usually superheated.


141. With regard to the fuel system of a diesel engine which of the following applies ?
A. The h.p. fuel pump needs no maintenance during the life of the engine.
B. The fuel injectors need checking and adjusting at regular intervals.
C. After a short period the injectors are replaced and the old ones thrown away.
D. The injectors never need attention during the life of the engine.

142. Rotary vane and 4 Ram are two types of……..

A. diesel generators.
B. purifiers.
C. steering gear.
D. air compressors.

143. Oily water separators are used in which one of the following situations ?
A. To separate oil and water from refrigeration gas in the refrigeration cycle.
B. As part of the bilge pump system.
C. To separate water from lubricating oil.
D. To separate oil and water from compressed air systems.

144. Working air compressors supply which one of the following ?

A. Compressed air at 7 bar for powering hand tools such as needle guns.
B. Compressed air at 30 bar for starting diesel engines.
C. Compressed air at 7 bar for starting diesel engines.
D. Compressed air at 30 bar for powering hand tools such as needle guns.

145. The majority of auxiliary engines on modern ships are…….

A. large two stroke diesel engines.
B. gas turbines.
C. four stroke diesel engines.
D. steam turbines


146. Propellers that have adjustable blades are called …….

A. controllable pitch propellers.
B. rotating propellers.
C. fixed pitch propellers.
D. adjustable propellers.

147. Fresh water on board ship is produced by which of the following ?

A. Refrigeration plants.
B. Centrifugal purifiers.
C. Oil-water separators.
D. Evaporators.

148. Bow and stern thrusters are ………..

A. propellers that force the ship sideways when docking.
B. deflectors which thrust the bow or stern into the water
C. another name for bulbous bows.
D. rudders at the fore and aft ends of the ship.

149. Temperature can be measured with the aid of which of the following ?
A. Bourdon tubes.
B. Bimetallic strips.
C. Vent-meters.
D. Venturie.

150. In an engine room, pipework coloured green carries which of the following ?
A. Fresh water for main engine cooling.
B. Fresh water for drinking.
C. Sea water.
D. Lubricating oil.


151. Air for the starting of diesel engines is supplied by which of the following ?
A. Working air compressors.
B. Engine room fans.
C. Main air compressors.
D. Turbo blowers.

152. In auxiliary diesel engines timing of the poppet value opening and closing is
A. the crankshaft.
B. the camshaft.
C. the pushrods.
D. the pistons.

153. Various valves and fittings attached to the pressure parts of the boiler are called the
A. attachments".
B. fittings".
C. mountings".
D. controls".

154. Diesel engine exhaust flanges will have joints made from ………
A. rubber.
B. metal.
C. compressedfibre.
D. paper.

155. The person in charge of the day to day running of the engine room is most
A. the chief engineer.
B. thewatchkeeping engineer.
C. the second engineer.
D. the junior engineer.


156. Regarding feed water, which of the following statements is NOT true ?
A. it is fresh water.
B. Feed water in H.P. boilers is normally pumped with a single stage
centrifugal pump.
C. Steam turns to feed water in the condenser.
D. It is turned into steam in the boiler.

157. In the modern cross-head type diesel engine, the main purpose of the piston rod
stuffing box
A. to keep the piston rod straight.
B. to prolong the life of the piston rings.
C. to protect the cross head bearing.
D. to reduce the risk of scavenge fires.

158. Which of the following statements regarding main boilers is NOT true ?
A. The burners could be at the top firing down.
B. The superheated steam pressure could be as much as 60 bar.
C. The feed water need not be very pure.
D. At least two safety valves will be fitted.

159. The engine log is kept for which of the following reasons ?
A. Because it is a tradition.
B. To keep the engineer officers fully employed.
C. To record that continuous routine checks are made.
D. To keep the chief engineer happy.
160. To ensure a continuous routine check of the machinery, which of the following is
carried out ?
A. The watchkeeper reports to the chief engineer every hour.
B. A verbal report is made to the chief engineer after the working day.
C. The engineering watchkeeper is trusted to carry out this task without
recording the fact.
D. An official document called the engine room log is completed at regular

161. Ship's bunkers are …………..

A. the stores that arrive on board when a ship is newly built.
B. the fuel and lubricating oil used for the operation of the ship.
C. another name for the ship's beds.
D. a name to describe the spare gear held onboard.

162. Name the type of shut off value that has a wedge which slides up and down ?
A. A gate valve.
B. A safety valve.
C. A globe valve.
D. A non-return valve.

163. On modern ships, which type of pump would be used for supplying lubricating oil to
the main engine ?
A. A scroll type positive displacement pump.
B. A small gear type positive displacement pump.
C. An axial flow pump.
D. A large centrifugal pump.

164. The part of the value which stops leakage around the value spindle is called
A. the bridge piece.
B. the spigot.
C. the body.
D. the stuffing box.

165. The collective name for fuel oil and lubricating oil ordered for the running of the ship
A. Ballast.
B. Supplies.
C. Fuel.
D. Bunkers.


166. For good reliable service from air compressors which of the following needs to be
changed on a regular basis ?
A. Lubricating oil.
B. Piston rings.
C. Lubricating oil filter.
D. Suction and discharge valves.

167. Which of the following regarding separation discs is true?

A. They are only found on diesel engines.
B. Separation discs are stationary when in operation.
C. They are found in air compressors.
D. They form part of a purifier and should be kept in the correct order.

168. What is shown in this picture ?

A. A generator
B. A fresh water generator
C. A pump with an electric moto
D. A compressor with an electric

169. On a ship operating the U.M.S. system, entry into the engine room would only be
under which of the following conditions ?
A. During the clay, on your own, without permission.
B. When a blue light is flashing and a klaxon is sounding.
C. During the day, with another person, without special permission.
D. At night without permission.


170. The oil lubrication schedule …….

A. describes what type of oil goes where.
B. can be found near the generators.
C. describes when machinery has to be oiled.
D. can be found on the side of each drum of oil.

171. A non-return value can be identified from an ordinary value by ……..

A. an arrow on the body of the valve.
B. its flanges.
C. its spindle.
D. its handle.

172. The name given to the material placed in a valve stuffing box is…….
A. sealant.
B. jointing.
C. plastic.
D. packing.

173. When taking on fuel which of the following does not apply ?
A. The flexible pipelines should be watched during the operation.
B. Fuel tank air vents should be blocked off.
C. There should be efficient two-way communication between the ship and the
fuel tender.
D. Scuppers in the immediate area of pipelines on deck should be plugged.

174. A watchkeeping engineer normally works in the engine room for which of the
following periods ?
A. 12 hours on 12 hours off.
B. 4 hours on 8 hours off.
C. For 24 hours in every 72 hours.
D. Has every weekend off.


175. Which of the following is carried out every day on main boilers to keep them running
efficiently ?
A. Cooling down then starting up again.
B. Blowing the soot from the tubes.
C. Draining the water out.
D. Changing to a lighter grade of fuel.

176. Which of the following best describes the hydraulic steering gear pump?
A. It is a constant speed variable delivery pump.
B. The pump is of the centrifugal type.
C. It is a variable speed constant delivery pump.
D. It is not driven by electric motor.

177. Before beginning maintenance on a value, what is the first action you should take ?
A. Isolate the valve.
B. Vent the valve.
C. Remove the packing from the value gland.
D. Slack off the flange bolts.

178. An arrow on the body of a value means which of the following ?

A. The direction to turn the handle when opening.
B. Which way to remove the valve when overhauling it.
C. The direction to escape the engine room.
D. That the valve is a non-return valve.

179. Which of the following diesel engine components require the most frequent
A. Cylinder heads.
B. Inlet valves.
C. Lubricating oil filters.
D. Exhaust valves.


180. Which of the following would not normally form part of the chief engineer's duties?
A. Keeping the machinery survey sheets up to date.
B. Engaging outside contractors to carry out work in the engineroom.
C. Seeing that planned maintenance schedules are kept up to date.
D. Ordering the lubricating oil from the company.

181. Indicate which of following systems needs regular chemical analysis and treatment ?
A. The jacket cooling water system.
B. The bilge water system.
C. The purification system.
D. The fuel oil system.

182. What action should you take during your watch if you find that more water than usual
has collected in the bilge wells ?
A. Pump the bilges overboard with the emergency bilge pump
B. Pump the bilges overboard with the bilge pump
C. Ask permission to pump the bilges via the 15 ppm oily water separator
D. Pump the bilges into the bilge collecting tank

183. Which preparations are required with regards to the PISTONS and CYLINDER
LINERS of a diesel engine prior to manoevring for departure ?
A. Close safety valve, put out turning gear, open air bottles
B. Preheat cylinders and pistons, turn engine, turn cylinder lubricators.
C. Open starting air, start booster pump, start stern tube pump
D. Open indicator cocks, close safety value, turn lubricators

184. What should be observed when you make a lubrication check of the engine forced
lubrication oil system ?
A. The condition of the oil in the sump tank bytest kit
B. Uniform oil flow from bearings, top ends, guides, gear train
C. The level in the oil sump tank correct
D. That the oil pressure on the top position manometer is correct


185. What would you do if the engine OIL MIST DETECTOR alarm goes off indicating
abnormal oil vapour in the crankcase ?
A. Stop engine at once and open crankcase doors to ventVapour
B. Slow down then stop engine and cool down for at least hatf an hour
C. Feel all crankcase doors and camshaft bloc for hot spot
D. investigate the oil pressure under slow down condition f engine

186. What important check should be carried out every watch and should be intensified if
you suspect that a piston ring might be broken in order to avoid scavenge fire ?
A. The exhaust gas temperature
B. The cylinder lubrication
C. The scavenge drain flow through
D. listen to the cylinder for noise

187. When taking over the engine room watch, you should verify that the steering gear is
A. operational and the ship is on course.
B. well ventilated.
C. not running in overload or not overheating.
D. vibration free operating without oil leaks and that the unit 's well reased and

188. When taking over the engine room watch you should verify that the pallister bearing
carrying the rudder stock …..
A. has no jumping clearance.
B. has no axial clearance.
C. is well greased and that no water ingress is noticeable.
D. has sufficient clearance on the gland packing and is not scoring the liner or the
seat plate.


189. When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the stern tube oil
gravity tanks………
A. contain oil as marked to ensure that there is no oil loss via the stern tube.
B. are changed-over from high to low or vice versa as required.
C. are at the required temperature and if hot, more water should be added to the stern
D. contain sufficient oil to maintain level during your watch.

190. When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the stern tube seal
A. is supplied with cooling fresh water.
B. is not leaking.
C. is supplied with cooling sea water.
D. has not shifted inside the liner.

191. When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the stern tube shaft is
A. not twisted.
B. exactly "hand warm ".
C. not vibrating and not running hot..
D. not running hot.

192. When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the intermediate
A. is at engine room temperature.
B. is polished and that the polishing mats are in place.
C. is adequately greased.
D. is vibration free.


193. When taking over the engine room watch you should ensure that the intermediate
shaft bearings are……..
A. not running hot, the cooling water is not blocked and the oil is not dirty.
B. at the desired temperature, that adequate oil is flowing and that cooling water
supply is on
C. not hot or making any unusual noise and that the cooling water valve is open.
D. not overheating and that no white metal is spotted.

194. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the main engine
thrust bearing?
A. The lubrication oil pressure, the torque and the horsepower
B. The cooling water supply pressure and the temperature
C. The lubrication oil inlet pressure and the lubrication oil outlet temperature
D. The torsional vibrations and the temperature

195. When taking over the engine room watch, you should check that the engine room
supply fans……
A. are well greased.
B. are not overheating.
C. are running vibration and noise free.
D. are covered by dirt screens.

196. en taking over the engine room watch you should check that the engine room fans
intake grids or filters………
A. are secured by wire mesh.
B. are properly bolted in place.
C. are free of dirt or obstacles.
D. are cleaned with oil and grease remover.


197. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check in the engine room
workshop when no one is working there ?
A. That all lockers are closed, that workshop is locked and the lights switched off
B. That the fire alarm is switched off and that the electric power is switched off
C. The fire alarm is switched on, the electric power to equipment switched off
and any gas bottle values are — closed
D. That the lights are switched off and the values of the n welding gas bottles are

198. When taking over the engine room watch, what are you to check and verify
concerning the bilges and any accumulated water ?
A. Check dryness of bilges, water in accumulation tank (bilge tank) and verify
whether bilges were pumped
B. Check from where the water or oil is originating and when the bilges were last
C. Check accumulation source and piping and check when bilges were last pump
D. The amount of water in the bilges, the Chief Engineer's standing orders and
check for any accumulation and its source

199. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the
operational heavy fuel oil purifier ?
A. The flow-through capacity, the temperature on the inlet, the bearing
temperature and the Ferodo coupling
B. The Ferodo coupling, the bearing temperature, the crankcase oil level, the pump
bearing temperature and the setting of the timers
C. The attached fuel pump bearings, the fuel back pressure, the inlet temperature and
the suction strainer
D. The water seal (tank), the crankcase oil level ,the flow-through capacity, the fuel
inlet temperature, the overflow pipe and the back pressure


200. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the
heavy fuel supply to machinery and boilers ?
A. That the settling tanks and the daily tanks are full
B. That the settling tanks and daily tanks are at least for 75 % full
C. The temperatures of the settling tanks and daily tanks
D. The daily and settling tank levels, the purifier line-up and throughput, in order to
ensure at least sufficient fuel supply to last your watch

201. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the heavy fuel
oil daily and settling tanks besides the supply capacity ?
A. Compare the remote gauging system with tape sounding readings,
drain the moisture off
B. Air supply to the quick closing values, the tank vent screens, the remote or
distance gauging system
C. Verify the temperatures, check the tank vent screens, unclog the distance reading
D. The tank temperatures, drain the collected water off and verify if the quantity of
the later is not abnormal

202. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the
operational lubricating oil purifier ?
A. Check the Ferodo coupling, the bearing temperatures, the inlet
temperature and the back pressure
B. Check whether throughput is minimum, check the overflow pipe, check whether
the alarm is activated
C. Check the setting of the timers, check the inlet temperature, the back pressure, the
bearing temperatures
D. Check whether throughput is on maximum, check the water seal, check the
overflow/water flow off pipe, check inlet temperature and back pressure


203. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the
main engine sump level ?
A. The sump should be not less that 90 %full capacity. Check if the last watch has
added oil
B. The sump should be at least for 85 %full
C. Observe that the tank will not near the 60 % level during your watch,
if not request Chief Engineer to fill the tank to 85%
D. Check the level in the sump, that no abnormal drop has occurred during the
previous watches and check if change in trim has occurred

204. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on all engine room
fresh water expansion tanks ?
A. That the automatic filling or float systems are in good operational order.
B. That the levels of the tanks are normal and verify whether the previous watch had
to fill the tanks excessively e.g. indicating system leaks
C. That the chemical concentration of the water is correct
D. That the temperatures are normal and the tanks are not steaming up

205. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the hot
well of the condensate/feedwater system ?
A. Whether the cooling water supply is sufficient and that the level is satisfactory
B. Whether the heating coil is in operation and that the automatic filling valve is
working to satisfaction
C. Whether the filters are cleaned and that the chemical concentration of the water is
D. Whether on level, that no abnormal consumption is occurring and that there is no
steaming up


206. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the running
auxiliary diesel(s)?
A. The lubrication of all components including tappets, lub. oil
consumption; pressure and temperatures of systems; check for leakages
B. The bearing alignment, the governor speed, the lub. oil temperature, the sump tank
level and consumption and the tappet clearance
C. The tappet clearance, the fuel pump timing, the rocker arm lubrication, the sump
tank level and oil consumption
D. The fuel oil consumption, the lub oil consumption, all pressures and temperatures

207. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check in the first place
concerning the auxiliary diesels and electric power supply ?
A. That the diesels are exactly sharing 50 % of the total load if two are running in
parallel or ld of the load with three in parallel
B. That the load is normal, any other power requirements are in the Chief Engineer's
standing orders, number of diesels running in parallel
C. That the voltage, the kVA, the kVAR, the amperage and the excitation
load are acceptabl
D. That none of the diesels is running at more than 70 % of the load, if so, an
additional diesel to be put in parallel

208. When two auxiliary diesels are running in parallel during your engine room watch,
what should you periodically check ?
A. That both diesels have exactly a 50% share of the active load in kWatt
B. That both diesels have the same voltage and the same frequency
C. That both diesels have the same load in kWatt, same reactive load in kVAR, same
D. That both diesels are running at the same speed


209. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you verify concerning the sea
cooling water supply System ?
A. The cleanliness of the filters and the correct sea chests A are in operation
B. The sea water temperature and the sea water pressure
C. The suction pressure and the discharge pressures
D. The cooling water system line setting and the sea water pressures to the different

210. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the main engine
A. The tachometer coupling, the cooling water pressure, the nozzle ring pressure and
the diffuser pressure
B. Abnormal vibrations, lub oil pump pressures, nozzle ring temperatures, cooling
water pressures and the RPM
C. The blower filter pressure drop, the oil sump temperatures, the cooling water
outlet temperature, RPM, the oil sump levels, vibrations and oil flow
D. Differential pressure over intake filter, the tachometer connection, the oil
sump and oil flow

211. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the operational
boilers when the exhaust gas boiler alone is providing the heat supply ?
A. The soot blowers, the economiser and the boiler furnace
B. The boiler water circulating pumps, the feedwater pumps and the
feedwater temperature
C. The economiser and superheater temperatures and the steam pressure
D. The boiler drum (parallel boiler) water level, the steam pressure and the exhaust
gas change over flap position or coil percentage used


212. When taking over the engine room watch, what particulars should you check initially
concerning the starting air system (25 to 30 kg/cm2) to the main engine when the
vessel is under way ?
A. That both supply air tanks are filled to at least 28 kg/cm2 and that air supply
to the main engine is open at sea
B. That both supply air tanks are filled to at least 25 kg/cm2
C. That air supply to the main engine is open at sea
D. That the compressors are in working condition

213. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check on the oil fired
boiler if this is in operation ?
A. Furnace temperature, uptake gas temperature and smoke indicator
B. Feedwater temperature, steam pressure, water level, fuel pressure and CO2
content of uptake gases
C. Feedwater temperature, fuel oil pressure, CO2 content of uptake gases and flame
D. Steam pressure, water level, flame brightness, cleanliness of the photocell
glass plus fuel temperature and pressure

214. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the
main compressed air system ?
A. That the branch lines to the working and instrument air are correctly opened
and at the desired pressure of 7.5 kg/cm2
B. That the non-return values from compressors to bottles are correctly set
C. That the valves to the deck air fore and after are open
D. That the air compressors are in a state of readiness with oil level in the crankcase
correct and air bottles are drained


215. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check concerning the
fresh water generator ?
A. The vacuum percentage and the sea water temperature
B. All of the other options, plus the fresh water production in the last 4 hours
C. The difference between sea water inlet and outlet on the condenser and the fresh
water inlet and outlet on the evaporator
D. The sea water feed supply pressure, the eductor pressure, the fresh water level in
the collector and fresh water pump back pressure

216. During your watch in the engine room, you should be aware of the general condition
of piping. What kind of deficiencies should you be looking for ?
A. Piping leaking at the flange gaskets or dresser couplings
B. Any one of these
C. Vibrating pipes, or piping which has became loose from its fastening
D. Leaking or weeping on the welding seams, piping which has developed cracks or

217. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you check for on all running
centrifugal pumps ?
A. The discharge pressure and power absorption
B. The suction pressure
C. Vibrations, if any and tightness of the shaft seal
D. AII of these.

218. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you look for on all running
gear type or worm wheel type pumps ?
A. Free movement of the by-pass valve
B. The pressure relief valve setting
C. Vibration free operation and tightness on the shaft
D. The pump casing temperature


219. What in particular should you observe about all piston type pumps operating when
taking over the engine room watch ?
A. Greasing/lubricating of the drive shaft (crank arm and gear)
B. Operating and freeness of sniffing valves
C. All of these.
D. Vacuum and pressure on the pump

220. When taking over the engine room watch, which main engine components should you
check physically when the vessel is under way ?
A. The foundation bolts tightness and pre-stress, the tie-rod tightness, the camshaft
B. The crankcase internals, main bearings and crankpin bearings the connecting rods
and crosshead bearings with attached lub oil pumps
C. The pistons, cylinder liners and the cylinder heads
D. The piping connections of fuel, oil, water and air, the governor with linkage to the
fuel pumps, the telescopic piping and the crankcase door tightnes

221. When taking over the engine room watch, what should you verify on the electrical
main switch board ?
A. The power supplying alternator, voltage, amperage, power supply, frequency.
B. The voltage and amperage delivered to the power consumers, the condition
of the transformers, the non-essential consumers
C. The setting of the non-essential consumer trip system, the setting of the overload
system, the actual power as percentage of total capacity available
D. Power Generation, power distribution inclusive secondary circuit, any unusual
power consumer switched on/off, earth faults main and secondary systems


222. When you make a visit to the emergency diesel generator during your engine room
watch, what should you be on the look out for ?
A. That the steam heater or electrical heater in the emergency diesel room is switched
B. That the battery charger is not accidentally kept in ON position, that the door of
the generator room is always closed behind you
C. Radiator fresh water level, oil level in sump tank, preheating
temperature of cylinders, charging level of batteries, diesel in stand-by mode.
D. That the voltage and the frequency displayed on the emergency switch board is
the same as on the main Switch board

223. During your watch you notice that the salinity of the fresh water produced by the
fresh water generator has gone up together with the output. You notice too that sea
water temperature has dropped. What should you do ?
A. Increase the opening on the vacuum breaking valve
B. Increase the flow to the eductors
C. Throttle the sea water flow to the condenser
D. Throttle the fresh water flow to the evaporator

224. If the oil flows out on the heavy liquid (water) side of a purifier, the most likely
reason is ……..
A. that the revolution of the bowl has slowed and the electric motor is in overload.
B. that the operating water for the bowl has been turned off the containing tank is
C. that the gravity disc inside diameter is too big, or that the oil
temperature has dropped, increasing the density of the oil.
D. that the amount of closing water for the bowl is insufficient.


225. If the oil flows from to the sludge outlet on an oil purifier , the most likely reason for
this is………
A. that the bowl has not been closed completely, or there is a fault in main seal
ring, pilot value or water supply for the closing bowl.
B. that defects have developed in the vertical shaft parts or otherwise that the rubber
plate has hardened.
C. that the relief value of the gear-type supply pump is working.
D. that air is being sucked into the suction piping of the lub oil pump.

226. When water is found mixed in the light liquid (oil) outlet of an oil purifier, the most
likely reason is ……..
A. water in the gear case.
B. excessive supply of sealing water, feed rate too high and water outlet of oil
C. defects in the horizontal shaft parts.
D. hat the relief value of the oil supply attached pump has been fastened extensively.
causing overload.

227. If the electric motor on an oil purifier is found working in overload or tripping, the
most likely reason is……….
A. that the discharge pressure on the light liquid outlet is set too high, or
the oil temperature has dropped.
B. that there are defects in driving system, clutch or bearings, or the relief value of
the supply pump has been fastened.
C. that the amount of sealing water is insufficient or the sealing water timer is
wrongly adjustment.
D. that the rubber plate has hardened causing excessive supply of sealing water.


228. When abnormal vibrations or sounds are noticed from an oil purifier, the most likely
cause is………….
A. that the oil seal for the horizontal shaft is worn or damaged.
B. that the gravity disc is the wrong size and/or oil inlet temperature is too low.
C. that the water outlet of the bowl is blocked causing imbalance in the purifier bowl.
D. the bowl has failed causing contact with non-rotating pails or defects in horizontal
or vertical shaft parts have occurred.

229. If during your engine room watch you hear the boiler level alarm sound and you
notice low water level, but the feedwater pressure to be normal, what should you do
first ?
A. Shut the boiler main steam stop value
B. Shut-off the steam heating to the tank consumers
C. Open the by-pass feedwater check valves
D. Start another feedwater pump

230. If during your engine room watch the steam supply or steam pressure should fall for
some reason, what should you check first ?
A. The hotwell level
B. The viscosity of the heavy fuel oil to consumers
C. The boiler water level
D. The fuel oil and lub oil purifiers

231. If during your engine room watch, without any previous warning or alarm, the oil
fired boiler trips due to "flame failure", what should you check first ?
A. The cleanliness of the photocell
B. The boiler water level
C. The fuel oil temperature
D. The fuel oil pressure


232. Before starting soot blowing operations on boilers, you should ensure that……..
A. the boiler is manually fired.
B. the safety values are set correctly.
C. the bridge is informed.
D. he boiler water level is at maximum.

233. The main danger of feeding cold feedwater into a boiler is ………..
A. that can cause implosions.
B. that it causes dangerous steam pressure drops.
C. that it causes oxygen depletion in the feedwater filling line.
D. hat it causes stress in the vicinity of the inlet piping as well as corrosion.

234. Before raising steam in a boiler, you should ensure that ………..
A. the steam main stop value is open.
B. thefeedwater check values are open.
C. the air vent cock is open.
D. the boiler water circulation values are open.

235. If there is a very sudden and large increase in steam consumption, how will the boiler
water level behave ?
A. It will increase drastically
B. It will at first rise suddenly, then drop drastically.
C. It will drop drastically
D. It will at first drop suddenly, then increase drastically

236. After a total black-out with an automatic power supply system, what is the correct
sequence for restarting the essential pumps once the power is restored ?
A. Jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, injector ON pump, Tub oil pump, main sea
water pump
B. Main lub oil pump, jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, injector CW pump,
main sea water pump.
C. Injector CW pump, main sea water pump, jacket and piston CV/ pump
D. Main sea water pump, jacket CW pump, piston CW pump, b oil pump, injector
CV/ pump

237. The most effective way to check the gas tightness of a starting air value on a diesel
engine is which is running is……….
A. by simply touching the air intake pipe.
B. by inspection of the starting air pilot values.
C. by taking compression diagrams of the engine.
D. y checking the vents of the main starting air value.

238. On all ships it is possible to cool the propulsion machinery directly by the……..
A. after peak cooling water.
B. rain fire pump.
C. ballast pump.
D. salt water pump (main sea water pump).

239. Experience and feedback shows that excessive oil losses in an engine installation are
most frequently caused by ……..
A. malfunctioning of the values during the cleaning of the fitters of the lubricating oil
B. By any one or all of these reasons
C. excessive oil in the cylinder and burning it during the combustion cycle (defective
piston/scraper rings).
D. losses in oil coolers.

240. What should you do if the engine alarm oil mist detector goes off indicating abnormal
oil vapour being generated in the crankcase ?
A. Feel all crankcase doors and camshaft block for hot spots.
B. Slow down, stop the engine and cool down for at least half an hour.
C. Investigate the oil pressure under slow down condition of engine.
D. Stop engine at once and open crankcase doors to vent vapour.


241. What checks would you routinely carry out on the tank measuring systems indicated
here ?

A. Measure total tank height/ ullage from tank top with tape
B. Check free movement of float and wire of float reading
C. All of the other options and compare different measuring systems
D. Drain the sight glass and re-check the level

242. During manoeuvring with the main engine, what is the arrangement for starting air
supply by the main air compressors ?

A. No 1 and No 2 compressor on MANUAL

B. One compressor on AUTO CONTROL, the other on MANUAL
C. Both compressors LOCALY started
D. No 1 and No 2 compressors on AUTO CONTROL


243. If the auxiliary seawater pump "AS" fails, which pump should be used to cool the
condensers ?

A. Sea Water Pump(s) 'MS"

B. Fire Pump 'FP "
C. Hydrophore Pump 'HP"
D. General Service Pump 'GSP"

244. If the reefer condenser pump 'PP" fails, by which pump should you use to supply
cooling water to these reefer condensers ?

A. Auxiliary SW PUMP "AS"

B. General Service Pump ''GSP"
C. Fire Pump “FP”
D. Any of the above


245. If the auxiliary condenser is not in use for any operation at sea, using which pump
should the atmospheric and dumping condensers be cooled ?

A. The Fire Pump “FP"

B. By the Main Seawater Pump “MS"
C. The General Service Pump "GSP"
D. The Reefer Condenser pump “PP"

246. You are the Third Engineer and you are Engineer on Watch. If both the Chief
Engineer and the
Second Engineer are present in the E.R. who is responsible in the E.R. ?
A. Yourself alone.
B. The Second Engineer
C. The Chief Engineer
D. The Chief engineer and yourself

247. When should you make sure that spares, stores, tools and other equipment in the
engine room are "SEA FAST'?
A. At all times
B. Prior to leaving port
C. When you are warned by the bridge of bad weather
D. After completion of every job


248. If you are duty engineer and you are to hand over the watch to another engineer but
you are suspicious that he is incapacitated in anyway, what shall you do ?
A. You hand over the watch but phone the engine room later to check
B. You tell the rating on watch to keep an eye open
C. You turn over the watch but inform the Chief Engineer
D. You do not turn over the watch and inform the Chief Engineer

249. When taking over the watch as duty engineer, before inspecting the plant condition,
what shall you check ?
A. The engine room bilges
B. The fire alarm monitoring equipment
C. The Chief Engineer's standing orders and special instructions
D. The log book entries from the previous watch

250. Whilst taking over of the watch, besides verifying standing orders and the actual
condition of the plant, tank levels and operations, what other important matter should
you verify ?
A. That work that is being performed in the engine room
B. That the bilges of all wells pumped
C. What is the firefighting equipment in state of readiness
D. Where are the leakages in pipes, tanks and equipment

251. If the engineer coming on watch finds, upon examining the log book, that it does not
agrees with his own observations; what action shall he take ?
A. Take over the watch but explain to the Chief Engineer later
B. Make a note to that effect in the log book immediately
C. Not take over the watch and call the Chief Engineer
D. Insist that the previous records are altered


252. In case of any irregularity or failure of machinery or equipment which could effect the
vessel's speed or steering, what is the first action to be taken by the duty engineer ?
A. Inform the Chief Engineer
B. Inform the bridge
C. Avert such failure or limit its consequences
D. Shut down the equipment and inform the bridge

253. In port the relieving watch engineer shall be informed of the …….?
A. bilge pumping arrangements.
B. if the fire main line is pressurised.
C. any expected custom inspections.
D. any restrictions due port regulations and shore communications

254. If fire is detected in the engine room the duty engineer shall immediately inform the
bridge and very briefly give the following important information:
A. whether to abandon the ship or not.
B. the size of the fire - big, small or medium.
C. exact location, class of fire, restrictions to vessels operation.
D. if the emergency fire pumps has already been started.

255. What is the possible problem if the exhaust temperature increases in one cylinder only

A. The cooling water pressure in fresh water system is low
B. The fuel valve needs overhaul
C. The main engine RPM is too high
D. The purifier is not working efficiently


256. What is likely the reason if the exhaust temperature is increasing in all cylinders ?

A. A cracked liner
B. Rising scavenging air temperature
C. Broken piston ring
D. A faulty fuel valve

257. What does a decreasing scavenging air temperature means ?

A. A decrease in air volume

B. An increase in air volume
C. A dirty turbine wheel
D. A rising air temperature in the air cooler


258. What does a pressure drop across the air cooler indicate ?

A. reduced cooling water flow

B. Increased engine room temperature
C. Fouling of the cooling water system
D. Fouling of air side

259. Exhaust temperature increasing on all cylinders indicates:

A. the exhaust system is fouled

B. the scavenging ports are fouled
C. the air system is fouled
D. any of above


260. Should water be circulated through the main engine during a port stay, and if so why ?

A. No, as the temperature of the engine itself should not be allowed to go too high.
B. Yes, as the engine has to be ready to start at anytime.
C. Yes, as the temperature of the engine itself should not be allowed to go too low.
D. No, as this would result in extra water consumption.

261. A revolution counter reads 69,985 at 8 a.m.. At 11 a.m. the clock was advanced 17
min. and at noon counter tads 87,316. what was the average rpm during the 8-12
o'clock watch ?
A. 156.2 rpm
B. 135 .6 rpm
C. 77.71 rpm
D. 78,1210 rpm

262. What are you to observe when inspecting the steering gear during your watch ?
A. No abnormal noise or vibrations. Normal power absorption
B. The greasing of trunion and Pallister bearing
C. All of these.
D. The oil level in the oil tank, see that there is no oil leakage.


263. Suppose that during your watch the air-conditioning compressor cuts-out because of
high discharge pressure, what are you going to check immediately ?

A Whether the accommodation fan has tripped

B That there is sufficient cooling water to the condenser
C The level of the receiver, to see if the Freon has escaped
D Whether there is ice formation on the evaporating unit ?

264. Suppose you are notified that it is getting hot in the accommodation. 'There's
something wrong with the A/C". What do you check immediately ?

A. If suction and discharge pressure on compressor are normal

B. If the lubrication oil pressure is normal
C. If there is Freon in receiver, fan and evaporating unit
D. If the aircon compressor is still running


265. When should the recirculation of air from the accommodation be set to 100 % and the
fresh air intake totally closed ?
A. During cargo operations or cargo transfer in port or at sea
B. When outside temperature is more than 30 degree C
C. When outside temperature is more than 36 degree C
D. When vessel is moored at an oil refinery

266. 84. If the stand-by indicating light is energised on the control panel of this boiler
burner, what does it indicates ?

A. That the burner is safely secured in place

B. That the pilot burner is in operation
C. That the fuel is circulating and at the temperature ready to fire
D. That boiler is ready to be fired without existing alarm condition

267. What is the function of the 'toiler Firing Switch" fitted on the control panel of this
boiler burner?

A. To put boiler from stand-by mode to tiring mode and operate

B. To isolate the electric power to the control panel
C. To fire the boiler on manual in emergency
D. To isolate the power to the boiler fuel pumps

268. The firing or the flame indicating light on the control panel of this boiler burner
control panel
shows that…….?
A. Fuel is admitted to the main burner
B. the pilot burner has fired
C. the boiler is in normal operational firing mode
D. ignition is taking place

269. The flame failure lamp on the control panel of this boiler burner will illuminate

A. the flame is dark due incorrect fuel/air ratio

B. Any of the above
C. the flame is being smothered by water in the fuel
D. the pilot burner fails to fire the main burner

270. What is the purpose of the restart button which you will find fitted to the control panel
of this boiler's burner ?
A. To be pressed after the burner has swung back after cleaning
B. To be pressed after flame failure.
C. To be pressed after the forced draught fan trips ?
D. To be pressed after low water cut-out


271. Which of the following conditions is a lock-out condition which will consequently
illuminate the lock-out Indicating lamp fitted to the control panel of the boiler burner
light up ?

A. Any of the above

B. Low fuel oil pressure
C. Low water level
D. Burner swung in open position

272. If you fire the boiler and it misfires repeatedly, indicating flame failure, what are you
going to check first ?

A. The fuel oil pressure and temperature adjustment

B. The ignitor rods, clean the ignitor tips if necessary
C. The photocell and compare flame in sight glass "G"
D. The boiler water level is full to the correct level


273. What will happen if the sea water cooling pump which cools the atmospheric
condenser stops ?

A. All of these.
B. Overpressure will built-up in the condenser
C. Steam will blow from the air vent
D. the hot well will steam up

274. When skimming-off, which value will you fully open at first and close as last, whilst
you will operate the other value throttled ?

A. The inner valve open first, the outer valve close as last
B. The outer valve open first and the inner value close as last
C. The outer valve open first and close as last after operation
D. The inner valve open first full and close as last after operation

275. How do you carry out skimming operations ?

A. Blow the water down until steam gushes out ?

B. When the boiler is in operational , prior to start up
C. Four to five repeated blows of about 5 seconds each
D. Slowly with feedwater pumps stopped


276. After resuming its normal purification after completing automatic de-sludging you
frequently experience a High Temperature Alarm, what remedy could you use to
avoid recurrence?

A. Fit or adjust (increase) time delay on the High Temperature Alarm

B. Lower the set point of the oil temperature.
C. Decrease purifier throughput
D. Increase purifier throughput

277. In which machinery can you not add oil when running ?
A. Air compressors or refrigerant compressors
B. Steering machinery or stern tube header tanks
C. Main Engine or Auxiliary Diesels
D. Hydraulic power packs

278. Which is the most fundamental part of shipboard duties and takes priority over all
other duties
A. Watchkeeping
B. Emergency drills
C. Cargo surveillance
D. Maintenance


279. At what times during the sea voyage is the main engine in state of readiness for
manoeuvring ?
A. In shallow waters
B. At all times
C. By reduced visibility
D. In all emergency situations

280. If the Jacket Cooling Water expansion tank level drops rapidly, what does this
indicate ?

A. There is a leakage in external piping

B. There is a leakage in the Jacket Cooling Water Cooler
C. There is an internal leakage on the engine
D. Any of the above

281. If the jacket cooling water expansion tank level drops rapidly, what is this an
indication of ?
A. There is a leak in the jacket cooling water cooler.
B. Any of these.
C. There is an internal leak in the engine.
D. There is a leakage in external piping.

282. 100. When all preparations to ensure that the main engine is operational prior to
departure, what will be the final test to be carried out ?
A. Open air to engine, drain air bottles, blow indicator cocks.
B. Put out the turning gear and turn the lubricators.
C. Close safety values, blow indicator cocks, fill air bottles.
D. Blow indicator cocks, test reversing of engine, short firing kick.

283. Which important check is to be carried out every watch and should be intensified if
you suspect that a piston ring might be broken in order to avoid scavenge fire ?
A. The scavenge drain flow trough.
B. The cylinder lubrication.
C. The exhaust gas temperature.
D. Overhear the cylinder for noise.

284. On resuming normal purification after automatic de-sludging you frequently

experience a high
temperature alarm. What will you do to avoid reoccurrence ?
A. Fit or adjust (increase) time delay on the high temperature alarm.
B. Increase capacity through the purifier.
C. Decrease capacity through the purifier.
D. Lower the set point of the oil temperature.

285. Why blow the engine before a start (slow turning on air) ?
A. To be sure that water has not collected in the fire cylinders.
B. To be sure that no parts are loose, or that the engine is blocked from rotation.
C. To get fresh air into cylinders ensuring a safe start of the engine.
D. To be sure that all indicator cocks are closed and there is no passage into the
combustion chamber.