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3I

PHARMACY CRUDE DRUGS



Scientific Name
Specimen Common Name Vernacular Name Part Used (Origin) Active Constituents Uses
(Family)

Polysaccaharides Anti-coagulant
Irish moss or Chondrus crispus (carrageenin) Expectorant
Chondrus crispus Gulaman Dry thallus
Carrageenan moss (Gigartinaceae) Galactose Tonic
Sulphate esters

Saccharum Sweetener
disaccharides - glucose
Sucrose Saccharose, Table Sugar Asukal officianarum (Poaceae) Stem of sugarcane Preservative
and fructose
Macronutrient
Mannose
Laxatives in pediatrics
Fraxinus ornus Dried Saccharin Mannitol
Manna Manna Ash Tubang-americano and Fermentative
(Oleaceae) Exudates Glucose (seed)
agents
Saponin (leaves)
Sugar malic acid
Entire fruit of Wild Cherry, Sweet Prunus avium Anti-inflammatory,
Cherry Fruit Citric acid
Cherry Cherry, Mazzard (Rosaceae) astringent, diuretic
Sorbitol
Fistula Laxative
Golden Shower Tree
Kaña pestula Cassia fistula, Sugar purgative
Fruit of Cassia Cañafistula
Kanya pistula Cathartocarpus fistula Dried fruit Pectin Cathartic
fistula Pudding Pipe Tree
Lapad-lapad (Fabaceae) Tannins Suppressant
Purging Cassia
Lombayong Diuretic
Tartaric Anti-inflammatory
Entire fruit of Tamarindus indica
Tamarind Sampalok Fruit pulp, seeds Citric acid Laxative
Tamarind (Fabaceae)
Malic acid Flavorant
Mucilage,
polysaccharide Anticoagulant
Caulerpa lentillifera Dried Plant
Chondrus Seagrapes Lato Sulphur compounds Anti-inflammatory
(Gigartinaceae)
Protein Demulcent

Cellulose Surgical cotton


Gossypium hirsutum
Purified Cotton Cotton Bulak Cotton bolls Protein Gun cotton for
(Malvaveae)
Mineral substances explosives



3I PHARMACY CRUDE DRUGS
Scientific Name
Specimen Common Name Vernacular Name Part Used (Origin) Active Constituents Uses
(Family)
Acaciae gummi Arabinose Emulsifier
Arabic gum
Gum Arabic Gummi arabicum Galactose Stabilizer
Tears of Acacia Gum acacia Stems and branches
Gummi africanum Rhamnose Demulcent
Gum Senegal
(Fabaceae) glucuronic acid Thickener
Suspending agent
Goat’s thorn Astragalus gummifer Gummy exudates Bassorin
Tragacanth N/A Emulsifying agent
Gum dragon (Fabaceae) (stem), Dried sap Tragacanthin
Adhesive
Agar-Agar
Galactose Laxative
Agar Weed,
Gelidium corneum Fructose Gelling agent
Agar Japanese/Chinese Gulaman Entire Plant
(Gracilariaceae) Pentose Thickening agent
Isinglass
Gelose Stabilizer
Red Algae
Gels
Collagen Hydrolysate Collagen from
Peptides Manufacture of
Animal Gelatin Hydrolyzed Gelatin Gelatin (Bovidae) various animal
Proteins capsule shells
Marine Collagen products
Cosmetics

Carbohydrates Demulcent
Sweet Weed, Althaea officinalis
Althea Root Marshmallow root Roots Mucilage Diuretic
White mallow root (Malvaceae)
Pectin Anti-inflammatory

Jute Mallow Malvin Laxative


Malva sylvestris
Mallow Leaf Jew’s Mallow Saluyot Leaves Tannins Anti-inflammatory
(Malvaceae)
Mucilage Antitussive
Galactose Anti-diarrhea
Elm Bark Slippery Elm Ulmus rubra
Elm Bark Bark Rhamnose Antitussive
Red Elm (Ulmaceae)
Galacturonic acid Demulcent

Wheat bran fiber


Triticum Dried rhizomes and Gallbladder disease
Triticum Wheat Trigo Cellulose
(Poaceae) roots Colon Cancer
Arabinose

Sulphate esters Stabilizer


Gigartina mamillosa
Gigartina mamillosa Irish moss N/A Dried thallus Mucilage Bulk laxative
(Gigartinaceae)
Polysaccharides Thickening agent
Healthy additive
Carbohydrates,
Oryza sativa Grains, roots and Staple food
Rice Rice Bigas proteins, ester of
(Poaceae) rhizomes Emolllient (Decoction
sterols
of grains)
3I PHARMACY CRUDE DRUGS