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In ten minutes, write answers to the questions below.

Then compare your results with the model answers.

1. A genetic cross was made between pure-breeding pea plants with smooth seeds and pure-
breeding pea plants with wrinkly seeds. The cross produced F1 offspring that had only
spherical seeds.

When the F1 plants were self-pollinated, the resulting offspring (F2 generation) had some pea
plants with smooth seeds, and some pea plants with wrinkly seeds

(i) Determine the allele which is dominant, and the allele which is recessive.
..........................................................................................................................(1)

(ii) Deduce the genotype of the F1 plants.


..........................................................................................................................(1)

(iii) Construct a genetic diagram, with a Punnett grid to show the cross between two F1
plants.
Be sure to include parental genotypes, gametes, and both offspring genotype and phenotype.

Parental genotypes...............................................................................................

Gametes..............................................................................................................

Punnet Square

Offspring genotype(s)............................................................................................

Offspring Phenotype(s)............................................................................................(5)

(iv) Deduce the proportion (ratio or percentage) of the different phenotypes of the F2
offspring.
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................(1)
Model anwsers

1. A genetic cross was made between pure-breeding pea plants with smooth seed and pure-
breeding pea plants with wrinkly seeds. The cross produced F1 offspring that had only
spherical seeds.

When the F1 plants were self-pollinated, the resulting offspring (F2 generation) had some pea
plants with smooth seeds, and some pea plants with wrinkly seeds

(i) Determine the allele which is dominant, and the allele which is recessive.
.........................Smooth seeds is dominant, wrinkled seeds is recessive.....................(1)

(ii) Deduce the genotype of the F1 plants.


................Ss where S is allele for Smooth and s the allele for wrinkled ....................(1)

(iii) Construct a genetic diagram, with a Punnett grid to show the cross between two F1
plants.
Be sure to include parental genotypes, gametes, and both offspring genotype and phenotype.

Parental genotypes...............Ss ............................................................................

Gametes.................S and s ................................................................

Punnet Square

Offspring genotype(s)....... SS, Ss (also sS which is the same as Ss) and ss .......

Offspring phenotype(s)..........Smooth seed producing and wrinkled seed producing ............(5)

(iv) Deduce the proportion (ratio or percentage) of the different phenotypes of the F2
offspring.

.....................75% Smooth seed and 25 % wrinkled seed producing .....................................


................ 3 Smooth seed producing to 1 wrinkled seed producing pea plants.......................(1)