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GLEX 2308

CLIMATE AND SOCIETY


GEOGRAPHY DEPARTMENT
UNIVERSITY MALAYA

STUDIES ON METEOROLOGY STATION

SEMESTER 3 , 2007/2008

SHUKRI BIN JAFFAR (MEB040045)

MOHD IKMAL HIJAJ MAT ISA (KEA030055)

MOHD AZIZUDDIN MOHD DAUD (KEA030048)

PROF. KHAIRULMAINI BIN OSMAN SALLEH


PAGE

1.Introduction 1

2.Dine pressure Tube Anemograph 3

3.Thermograph 4

4. Hygrograph 5

5. Rainfall Recorder 6

6. Rain Gauges 7

7.Campbell Stokes Sunshine Recorder 8

8.Evaporation Indicator Gauge 9

9.Thermometer
METEOROLOGY
STATION:

Latitude 03◦ 07’


Longitude 101◦ 39’

INTRODUCTION
Figure 1 : Location of University Malaya meteorology station

The University Malaya meteorology station are located at latitude 03◦ 07’ and

longitude 101◦ 39’ at above M.S.C 104 meter. This station was managed under

Department Of Geography of University Malaya. Location of this station was strategic

because it place on the top of a hill which behind the Faculty Of Science. Currently, this

station was conducted by two staff, Encik Ahmad Kusen and Encik Sugarkumar

Varuthan as assistant lab. The climatic data collection were done by daily basis. Most of

the data was used as references and reported to Malaysia Meteorology Department.
Furthermore, the climatic data were also used to those student who take

research which related in weather monitoring. Student who take course in meteorology

and climatology used this station as for field training.


DINE PRESSURE TUBE ANEMOGRAPH

APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

This instruments used for recording the wind direction and speed in form of a paper

chart at unit of millisecond.


THERMOGRAPH
APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

Thermograph are parameter instrument to record and measures the air temperature

with continuously using the chart recorder. The pen-point at the end of the lever touch

on to the graph paper which controlled by the sensitive metallic coil by corresponding to

the reading of thermometer. This instruments was housed in a thermometer shelter with

particular designed as for permit the air circulation freely.

HYGROGRAPH
APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

The hygrograph independently used to measures and records the relative humidity of
the surroundings. The measurement unit are 0 to 100% of relative humidity.

RAINFALL RECORDER
APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

This instrument used to collected and record of rainfall against the duration time. The

measurement unit are millimeter. The automatic tilting action ensures for unlimited

collecting capacity. Rain drain thru the funnel to the chamber collection causing a

movement of the float. By that, the pen will mark on to the graph chart by moving up or

down followed by the time. When the pen have reach on the top of the chart the

chamber collection will tilts and empties. Then, the pen will return to the bottom of the

chart to start recording again.

RAIN GAUGES
APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

This a types of manual collection of rainfall. The volume of the collector is around 10

times of the volume of the measuring tube. Rainfall that exceed amount will spills into

the overflow. The level of rainfall is reported by millimeters.

CAMPBELL STOKES SUNSHINE RECORDER


APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

The sunshine recorder is used to collect the number of hours of sunshine per day. The

glass sphere holder have a index between 40° NL (northern latitude) and 40° SL

(southern latitude). The sunshine recorder cards are marked with hourly

intervals which will burn a hole through the card when there a bright

sunshine.

EVAPORATION INDICATOR GAUGE (HOOK


GAUGE)
APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

This evaporation pan is used for determine the evaporation rate of open water. This pan

made by stainless steel. Amount of water inside the pan is 35.5 liter.
THERMOMETER

APPLICATION & DESCRIPTION

In order to measure the temperature range, a set of maximum and minimum

thermometers are used. A maximum thermometer has a constriction above the bulb that
permits the mercury to rise in the capillary tube but does not allow it to descend the

capillary tube unless the thermometer is reset.

The highest point that the mercury reaches indicates the maximum temperature for the

period.

The minimum thermometer, on the other hand, gives the lowest temperature. It

uses colored alcohol (because of its low freezing point). It is placed at an angle of about

20° from the horizontal. The black float called index needle is pulled downslope to the

lowest temperature of the day by two forces; a) the surface tension at the top of the

alcohol column and b) the force of gravity.

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