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MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT OF CANAMAN COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLAN 2013-2023 Executive Summary

COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLAN 2013-2023 Executive Summary Public Hearing: Wednesday, 12 February 2014, Gabaldon Bldg.,
COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE PLAN 2013-2023 Executive Summary Public Hearing: Wednesday, 12 February 2014, Gabaldon Bldg.,

Public Hearing: Wednesday, 12 February 2014, Gabaldon Bldg., Canaman Central School

What is the CLUP?

LGU Canaman is currently updating its Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) to provide a responsive and up-to- date plan for land use and development.

The CLUP outlines the challenges and opportunities being experienced by the municipality for the period 2013-2023, and ways to respond to these.

Being a land use plan, the CLUP focuses on places, and the geographical areas impacted by the various challenges and opportunities.

areas impacted by the various challenges and opportunities. The CLUP consists of three volumes – the

The CLUP consists of three volumes the Comprehensive Land Use Plan itself (Volume 1), the Zoning Ordinance, which contains guidelines as to what can be developed on any piece of land in the municipality (Volume 2) and Sectoral Studies which contain background data and investigations (Volume 3).

How is the CLUP being developed?

A well researched and responsive CLUP is the product of research, analysis and consultation over a long period of time, bringing together statistical and other data with consultations, surveys and field work.

The CLUP is being prepared by the Municipal Planning and Development Office, working closely with a

Technical Working Group containing representatives of the Municipal Engineering Office, Municipal Agricultural, Environment and Natural Resources Office, Municipal Social Welfare & Development Office and Municipal Budget Office.

There has been regular consultation and input from other municipality offices, elected officials, external stakeholders and the community. The barangay consultations in June 2013 validated draft findings, and provided new ideas to strengthen the CLUP.

What is the purpose of the Public Hearing?

Barangay, sectoral, Government, community representatives, and the general public are all invited to attend the Public Hearing on Wednesday 12 February 2014 to provide comments about the CLUP and the proposed changes to the Zoning Ordinance.

At the Public Hearing, you will hear the highlights of the CLUP and proposed changes to the municipality’s Zoning Ordinance, have an opportunity to ask questions, and provide comments and feedback to improve the documents before they are adopted.

The Office of the Sangguniang Bayan Secretary will gladly accept any comments, suggestions, or position papers on the draft CLUP and Zoning Ordinance during office hours until February 28, 2014.

What is included in the following pages?

New Vision/Mission for Canaman

Setting the Scene (challenges & opportunities)

Concept Plan

Proposed Land Use/Zoning Plan

Changes to the Zoning Ordinance

Projects to support CLUP implementation.

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NEW VISION/MISSION FOR CANAMAN

Updating the CLUP provided the opportunity to refine and adopt a new vision and mission for Canaman, based upon the information gathered as part of the consultations with 24 barangays. The new vision and mission were adopted by elected officials and department heads in September 2013 as follows:

The new vision and mission were adopted by elected officials and department heads in September 2013
The new vision and mission were adopted by elected officials and department heads in September 2013
The new vision and mission were adopted by elected officials and department heads in September 2013
The new vision and mission were adopted by elected officials and department heads in September 2013

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The new vision and mission were adopted by elected officials and department heads in September 2013

SETTING THE SCENE - CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE PLANNING PERIOD

On the basis of the research, investigations and consultations undertaken as part of the CLUP preparation, the following have been identified as major challenges and opportunities for Canaman as we think about the future. A more detailed profile of Canaman is provided in the CLUP Volume 3 The Sectoral Studies.

Population, Housing and Development

Population concentrated in 9 urban barangays

Managing urban growth and spill-over from Naga City in a well-planned manner

Strong and steady rate of population growth 1.69% per annum will see Canaman home to 40,274 people by 2023

Making best use of good infrastructure and short distance to Naga City

Presence of settlers in danger zones

Estimated 42% of homes constructed from light/makeshift materials

42% of homes constructed from light/makeshift materials Agriculture  Steady rates of agricultural production 

Agriculture

Steady rates of agricultural production

Value-adding to the strong agricultural sector

Need to continue to promote integrated and organic farming

Livelihood and Education

Home to major tertiary education institutions

Low household incomes and under employment

Low numbers and proportion of college graduates

Undeveloped tourism sector

of college graduates  Undeveloped tourism sector Health, Safety and Wellbeing 3  Shortage of PNP

Health, Safety and Wellbeing

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Shortage of PNP and BFP personnel and facilities

Limited recreation amenities

Lack of burial facilities (cemetery)

Malnutrition impacting an estimated 27% of children under the age of 5

Limited LGU fund for financial assistance to indigent constituents

LGU fund for financial assistance to indigent constituents Environment and Hazards  Use of Bicol River

Environment and Hazards

Use of Bicol River for tourism and fisheries

Flood prone and low elevation, making the town particularly vulnerable to floods and typhoons

Silted/clogged waterways

Limited implementation of Solid Waste Management activities.

Agricultural sector impacted by erosion, soil salinization, flooding and land degradation

Climate change is expected to bring warmer and dryer dry season, and more rain in the wet season

Culture

Finding ways to share and take advantage of our rich Bicol culture

ways to share and take advantage of our rich Bicol culture Infrastructure  Insufficient infrastructure support

Infrastructure

and take advantage of our rich Bicol culture Infrastructure  Insufficient infrastructure support facilities such as

Insufficient infrastructure support facilities such as Farm to Market Roads, Irrigation, drainage canals, bridges, and warehouses

Road projects need maintenance/completion

Lack of transport terminals

15 % of the total number of households have no electricity

Insufficient and/or poor water supply and quality

Need Comprehensive Drainage Plan.

OUR TEN YEAR GOALS AND OBJECTIVES FOR CANAMAN

PHYSICAL/ENVIRONMENTAL SECTOR

SOCIAL SECTOR

ECONOMIC SECTOR

 

INFRASTRUCTURAL SECTOR

Goal:

Goal:

Goal:

Goal:

Ecological protection, along with sustainable economic development, climate change adaptation and disaster resilience are achieved through careful management of our environment and natural resources.

All taga-Canaman are self-sufficient and able to achieve their desired quality of life through improved livelihood opportunities, housing, education, health and other support services

A strong and distinctly ‘Canaman’ local economy characterized by sustainable agriculture, expanding industries and businesses, creative use of nipa and abaniko and growing tourism sector.

The provision of infrastructure is integrated with all other areas of service delivery, so that it brings multiple benefits to taga- Canaman.

Objectives:

Objectives:

Objectives:

Objectives:

1. To achieve effective solid waste management in the interests of human health and environmental quality.

1. Increased and diversified household incomes through skills trainings, household/agri-based livelihood, access to capital and marketing support.

1. To ensure the long term future of agriculture and fisheries in Canaman through demonstration of organic and integrated farming approaches, targeted infrastructure support and sound environmental management.

2. Increased agricultural and commercial investment through increasing access to finance, along with necessary trainings on financial management.

1. Infrastructure provision is integrated with long term planning, and itself is planned, to ensure the benefits of public investment are maximized.

2. To improve the quality of all waterways to deliver better environmental (water quality, biodiversity, erosion control), public health and livelihood benefits.

2. To improve access to, and quality of all forms of education from barangay day care right through to college, towards the goal of one college graduate per household.

2. To provide infrastructures whose needs are well documented, such as but not limited to:

- Public Cemetery

3. To reduce the vulnerability of our people, buildings and infrastructure to disasters through

3. Improved nutrition outcomes through joined-up agriculture-social welfare-health programs.

 

- Completion of Circumferential Road and the Sua-Liñaga-San Roque connector

- mitigating known risks and hazards

 

- careful management of land use and the environment

4. Improved primary health outcomes through enhanced curative and preventative services at barangay and municipality levels.

3. To increase the capacity of all taga- Canaman to generate income through education, trainings and skill development.

- Hanging bridge to Iquin

- Drainage along DPH Boulevard

- developing our capacity, especially the communities, to plan, prevent, prepare and respond to disasters.

- Transport terminal in the poblacion

- Water augmentation to rural

5. Safe and secure housing for those living in informal

 

barangays

 

Materials Recovery Facilities in all barangays.

-

settlements, hazardous locations and/or in makeshift housing.

4. To promote alternative livelihoods, such as Bicol River tourism, local vegetable production, and value-adding to native products.

4. To develop the capacity of all sectors to adapt to a changing climate, characterized by drier dry seasons, wetter wet seasons, increased flood hazard and rising sea levels.

6. Support well-planned urban development that houses a growing population.

7. Infrastructure and service delivery that support peace and order, recreation, Bicol culture and quality of life.

3. To maintain infrastructures in a

5. To provide infrastructure that supports economic activities.

 

planned, funded and co-ordinated manner.

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LONG TERM STRATEGIES TO ACHIEVE OUR GOALS

A key thrust for the planning period is finding ways to

integrate livelihood projects with other development

activities. This is because livelihood projects have the greatest potential to lift household incomes and bring

a range of benefits to a municipality. Achieving “total development” requires the integration of various municipality offices and other agencies, and working with the entire household and not just the primary breadwinner.

Agriculture is and will continue to be the key driver of the local economy and the source of livelihood for many of the municipality’s residents. Farm incomes can be increased by promoting integrated farming systems, whereby traditional palay production is integrated with other agricultural processes. Demonstration projects, technical support and promotion of best practice (such as organic farming systems) and provision of key infrastructure and facilities (such as cages and tanks for fisheries) are all ways of supporting the farming sector.

fisheries) are all ways of supporting the farming sector. It is also important to support other

It is also important to support other parts of the economy. There is an undersupply of commercial developments in the municipality, and the Public Market should be expanded with complementary businesses that provide economic activity as well as meeting the needs of Canaman’s constituents.

With respect to housing, there are still homes that are constructed from make-shift materials, lack basic sanitation provided by clean water and a sealed toilet. Addressing these issues will improve the health, wellbeing and livelihood of these households, while also reducing their vulnerability in times of disaster.

The municipality is home to informal settlers living in locations that are highly vulnerable to risk of natural disasters in addition to lacking tenure security, living in often unsanitary conditions and having limited access to education, health and other social welfare services. While resettlement and the establishment of socialized housing projects is a long term goal, the municipality should focus on its core role which is to identify and purchase land for relocations and partner with the National Housing Authority and NGOs.

The municipality has a role to ensure that urban growth is well planned and the provision of infrastructure is co- ordinated. The preparation of urban development plans for growth areas, as well as the purchase and banking of land for public purposes are key strategies to achieve well planned development.

An urgent priority is the establishment of a public cemetery, as well as the expansion of the catholic cemetery. Likewise, there is a need for a better understanding of demand for parks, open space and recreational facilities, and provide new facilities and spaces in response.

Well planned flood control and drainage works protect homes and lives from catastrophic damage in times of flood and therefore achieve disaster risk reduction and basic safety goals, while bringing economic benefits through improved productivity (e.g. waterlogged land) and reduced costs of disaster recovery. It also improves the quality of the local environment.

It also improves the quality of the local environment. The overall, long term goal with respect

The overall, long term goal with respect to flood management and drainage is the preparation of a Comprehensive Drainage System Plan that considers flood protection, drainage, existing and future infrastructure, waterlogged land and topography holistically. A short term priority is the de-silting of the Canaman Creek and the main flood control structure to protect homes while also improving drainage.

Road projects closely follow drainage as priority infrastructure projects because of the social and economic benefits that usually follow road construction and improvements. While the economic benefit of “farm to market” roads in rural areas is generally well known, these roads have the added benefit of connecting rural residents with key services and facilities located in the poblacion area and Naga City. Finally, clean, reliable and affordable water supply is essential for the health of households, as well as a range of livelihood projects, and improvements are needed in rural barangays not served by Metro Naga water.

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The concept map displays the key direction for Canaman on a map, providing a summary of the CLUP’s proposed response to the challenges and opportunities for the years ahead.

In summary, it shows vast tracts of land being set aside for agricultural production and development, as well as areas for urban expansion and development close to existing built up areas and Naga City, and site for tourism development on the Bicol River in line with other plans. A linear growth is seen along the national road and along the San Vicente-del Rosario Road. An expansion of the commercial area in the town center is likewise projected and a satellite node of development is seen at the junction of Barangay Fundado due to the approved construction of skybridge that will connect Canaman to Libmanan and the possible increase in traffic of people, vehicle and goods along the route.

CONCEPT PLAN

Canaman to Libmanan and the possible increase in traffic of people, vehicle and goods along the

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PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN and/or ZONING MAP

PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN and/or ZONING MAP 7

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CHANGES TO THE ZONING ORDINANCE

The municipality’s Zoning Ordinance has been updated based upon the investigations and recommendations in the Sectoral Analysis, the Comprehensive Land use Plan and the experience from the implementation of the existing Zoning Ordinance.

For a more detailed reading, land owners are, however, encouraged to view the draft Zoning Ordinance on public exhibition at the Municipal Hall, and direct any question to the Municipal Planning and Development Office and/or at the February 12 Public Hearing.

Below

Ordinance.

is

a

summary

of

the

New Structure of Zones

major

changes

to

the

The updated Zoning Ordinance proposes to classify all land in the municipality into the following Zones:

Residential Zone One

Residential Zone Two

Commercial Zone One

Commercial Zone Two

Agricultural Zone

Institutional Zone

Water Zone.

The classification is, generally, consistent with the existing Zoning Ordinance and most of the existing land use patterns. However, landowners should review the draft Zoning Ordinance to understand the proposed zoning regulation that applies to their land.

the proposed zoning regulation that applies to their land. Greater Flexibility to Promote Innovation The updated
the proposed zoning regulation that applies to their land. Greater Flexibility to Promote Innovation The updated

Greater Flexibility to Promote Innovation

The updated zoning ordinance has sought to provide greater flexibility with respect to zoning regulations to promote innovation and livelihood.

This has occurred, in the main, through the introduction of Desired Character Statements for each zone, which describes the intensity and performance of uses, and the general characteristics that will be sought from development.Importantly, these statements describe under what conditions ‘non-allowable’ uses may be appropriate. For example, they explain under what conditions internet shops, eateries and videoke bars can/cannot be established in a Residential Zone.

Deferred Residential Overlay

The proposed Zoning Ordinance includes a ‘Deferred Residential’ overlay in Residential Zone Two. Land within this mapped overlay area provides a long term residential land supply but is not expected to be needed for residential purposes by 2023.

Land within this overlay will not be subdivided or developed for residential purposes unless all other parts of the zone have commenced development, and adequate agreements are in place between the land developer and the LGU to infrastructure and utilities.

Flood Hazard Overlay

The updated Zoning Ordinance proposes to include a Flood Hazard Overlay, which covers land within that is known to be at risk of inundation during Bicol River floods, storm surges and other storm events.

The Flood Hazard Area contains many existing buildings, as well as un-developed land zoned for residential and commercial development. New buildings will continue to be constructed in the Flood Hazard Area, although all new development is required to take measures to mitigate the flood hazard risk. The regulation is flexible to recognize that there are many different ways that flood risk can be mitigated. That being said, it is important that some efforts are taken to ensure we reduce the vulnerability of people and property to a known flood hazard.

Subdivision Projects

The updated Zoning Ordinance proposes a number of strategies to manage the approval processes for subdivision projects. These include:

Detail for subdivision design and layout in the ‘Desired Character Statement’ for Residential Zone Two

Creating a Municipal Subdivisions Technical Committee to provide expert technical comments on subdivision projects to assist approval processes

Detailing the approval processes, and information required for applications for residential subdivisions, in the Implementing Rules and Regulations.

Implementing Mechanisms

The updated Zoning Ordinance attempts to define more the roles of the Local Zoning Board of Adjustments and Appeals, the Zoning Officer and the Enforcement Officer. Moreover, it also proposes an implementing rules and regulations to provide guidance to the previously mentioned officers regarding the operation of the ordinance.

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PRIORITY ACTIONS TO SUPPORT CLUP IMPLEMENTATION

The CLUP is a ten year plan for the Municipal Government of Canaman. Volume 3 of the CLUP, the Sectoral Studies, contains recommendations and strategies to respond to identified needs for every sector, as well as integrated sectoral analyses to identify the most pressing concerns. Many of these recommendations and strategies have informed the Land Use Plan and Land Use Policies, and are implemented in full through Volume 2, the Zoning Ordinance, through the regulation of land use and development.

There are, however, a number of recommendations and strategies arising from the CLUP that cannot be implemented through the Zoning Ordinance and instead require direct action from the municipality. Below is a summary of the high priority actions needed for Canaman to achieve its vision, mission, goals and objectives, and to support the achievement of the land use plan. More detail on these projects, and their relationship to the overall Land Use Plan, is provided in CLUP Volume One.

More detail on these projects, and their relationship to the overall Land Use Plan, is provided

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