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The Development and

Application of IEEE CBTC


Standards
Dr. Alan F. Rumsey
Delcan, Vice President Rail and Transit Systems
Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

APTA 2012 Rail Conference


IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA)

 IEEE-SA is “a leading consensus building organization that


nurtures, develops & advances global technologies”

 IEEE standards “fuel the development and implementation


of technologies that influence and transform the way we
live, work and communicate”

 “Anyone can participate in IEEE standards development”

http://standards.ieee.org/
Communications Based Train Control

 A Global Technology
 A train-borne method of determining a train’s location, length
and integrity

 A continuous data communications link between the CBTC


train-borne equipment and CBTC wayside equipment

 Train-borne and wayside vital processors capable of


performing automatic train protection (ATP), automatic train
operation (ATO) and automatic train supervision (ATS)
functions
CBTC Influences

 To optimize the utilization of the rail transit infrastructure by


providing
 Safety of train movements
 Maximizing line capacity
 Permitting flexible train movements
 Providing for high system availability, with degraded modes of
operation

 To efficiently move people


IEEE Standards Development Lifecycle

Initiating the
Project

Maintaining Mobilizing
the Standard Working Group

http://standards.ieee.org/develop

Gaining Final Drafting the


Approval Standard

Balloting the
Standard
Rail Transportation Standards Committee

 Rail Transportation Standards Committee (RTSC)


 Formed in 1996 as a standing committee of the Vehicular
Technology Society of the IEEE

 Develops standards using ANSI consensus procedures as


administered by the IEEE

 Develops standards associated with rail passenger vehicles,


trains and systems
IEEE RTSC Working Group 2 (WG2)

 WG2 is one of RTSC working groups

 Specifically focused on CBTC


 Open to all interested parties and includes:
• Transit agencies (from North America and Europe)
• Signal suppliers
• Consultants
• Government agencies
IEEE RTSC Working Group 2 (WG2)

 WG2 “Guiding Principles”


 Any new CBTC standard should add value to the industry

 Development of any new CBTC standard should be achievable


within a reasonable period of time
Initiating the
Project

Maintaining Mobilizing

 Four CBTC standards developed to date


the Standard Working Group

• 51 meetings held Gaining Final Drafting the


Approval Standard

• ~ 10 to 30 participants at each meeting Balloting the


Standard

• > 100 individuals participated over the years


IEEE CBTC Standards

 IEEE Std 1474.1TM – 2004 (R2009):


 Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) Performance
and Functional Requirements
• First published in 1999; updated in
2004 to incorporate driverless train
operations; re-affirmed in 2009
without revisions

• Standard widely used and referenced


around the world

• Also referenced in FRA final rule for


Positive Train Control (PTC)
CBTC – PTC Comparison

Automatic Train
Supervision (ATS)
CBTC
Automatic Train
Operation (ATO)

Automatic Train
Protection (ATP)
PTC
IEEE CBTC Standards

 IEEE Std 1474.2-2003TM (R2008):


 User Interface Requirements in Communications-Based Train
Control (CBTC) Systems
• Provides for consistent operations-
related and maintenance-related user
interfaces

• First published in 2003 and re-affirmed


in 2008 without revisions

• Also referenced in FRA final rule for PTC


IEEE CBTC Standards

 IEEE Std 1474.3TM – 2008:


 Recommended Practice for Communications-Based Train
Control (CBTC) System Design and Functional Allocations
• Published in September, 2008

• Captures current state-of-the-art and


industry best practice in allocating the
functional requirements to individual
CBTC subsystems

• Also of value in gaining a better


understanding of CBTC system
architectures/principles of operation
Major CBTC Subsystems

• Central Equipment

• Wayside Equipment

• Train-borne Equipment

• Data Comm Equipment


Example: Primary ATP Functions

• Determine train location


Example: Primary ATP Functions

• Determine movement
authority based on
train location and
route status
Example: Primary ATP Functions

• Determine and enforce


ATP profile
IEEE CBTC Standards

 IEEE Std1474.4TM - 2011:


 Recommended Practice for Functional Testing of a
Communications-Based Train Control (CBTC) Systems

• Defines a preferred sequence and


extent of off-site and onsite functional
testing for CBTC systems with the
objective of maximizing test efficiency
and effectiveness

• Published in September, 2011


CBTC Functional Testing

Full Set of CBTC Sub-functions

Factory Functional Testing

Sub-functions Fully Sub-functions Not Fully


Verified in the Factory Verified in the Factory

Test Track Functional Testing

Sub-functions Sub-functions Not


Fully Verified on a Fully Verified on a
CBTC Test Track CBTC Test Track

Field Functional Testing

Sub-functions Fully
Verified in the Field

All CBTC Sub-functions Fully Verified


Relationship between CBTC Standards

CBTC System CBTC System Acceptance


Requirements (Trial Operations and
Reliability/Availability/
Maintainability Testing)

CBTC System Functional


Requirements
(IEEE Std. 1474.1) CBTC System Functional
Testing (Factory, CBTC Test
Track and Field)
CBTC System Design and (IEEE Std. 1474.4)
Functional Allocation
(IEEE Std. 1474.3)

CBTC Subsystem Testing


CBTC Subsystem Design and Installation
Verification

CBTC Subsystem
Manufacture and
Qualification Testing
IEEE RTSC Working Group 2 (WG2)

 In 2010, WG2 was awarded the “IEEE-SA Emerging


Technology Award” for the group’s “leadership in
developing universally adopted consensus standards for
communications-based train control technology”
Summary

 IEEE RTSC WG2 has developed four consensus standards for


CBTC technology

 The IEEE CBTC standards are being recognized and


referenced around the world

 In developing CBTC consensus standards, WG2 depended


totally on the support of the transit agencies, signaling
suppliers, and other interested parties