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# Strength Factor 1

Strength Factor
Mohr-Coulomb Failure Criterion

(compression positive)

c = cohesion

φ = friction angle

I1 = σ xx + σ yy + σ zz

J2 =
1
6
[ ]
(σ xx − σ yy )2 + (σ yy − σ zz )2 + (σ zz − σ xx )2 + τ xy2 + τ yz2 + τ zx2

⎛ I ⎞⎛ I ⎞⎛ I ⎞ ⎛ I ⎞ ⎛ I ⎞ ⎛ I ⎞
J 3 = ⎜ σ xx − 1 ⎟⎜ σ yy − 1 ⎟⎜ σ zz − 1 ⎟ + 2τ xyτ yzτ zx − ⎜ σ xx − 1 ⎟τ yz2 − ⎜ σ yy − 1 ⎟τ zx2 − ⎜ σ zz − 1 ⎟τ xy2
⎝ 3 ⎠⎝ 3 ⎠⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠

1 ⎡ 3 3J ⎤ π π
Θ = arcsin ⎢− 3
⎥ , − <Θ<
⎢⎣ 2 J 2 ⎥⎦
3
3 2 6 6

S = J2

I1
sin φ + c cos φ
S max = 3
sin Θ sin φ
cos Θ +
3

S max
strength factor =
S

Phase2 Theory
Strength Factor 2

Phase2 Theory
Strength Factor 3

## Hoek-Brown Failure Criterion

(compression positive)

m, s = Hoek-Brown parameters

## σ c = unconfined compressive strength of the intact rock

I1 = σ xx + σ yy + σ zz

J2 =
1
6
[ ]
(σ xx − σ yy )2 + (σ yy − σ zz )2 + (σ zz − σ xx )2 + τ xy2 + τ yz2 + τ zx2
⎛ I ⎞⎛ I ⎞⎛ I ⎞ ⎛ I ⎞ ⎛ I ⎞ ⎛ I ⎞
J 3 = ⎜ σ xx − 1 ⎟⎜ σ yy − 1 ⎟⎜ σ zz − 1 ⎟ + 2τ xyτ yzτ zx − ⎜ σ xx − 1 ⎟τ yz2 − ⎜ σ yy − 1 ⎟τ zx2 − ⎜ σ zz − 1 ⎟τ xy2
⎝ 3 ⎠⎝ 3 ⎠⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠ ⎝ 3⎠

1 ⎡ 3 3J ⎤ π π
Θ = arcsin ⎢− 3
⎥ , − <Θ<
⎢⎣ 2 J 2 2 ⎥⎦
3
3 6 6

S = J2

⎛ tan Θ ⎞ ⎛ mσ c ⎞ ⎛ mσ c I 1 sσ c2 ⎞ mσ c
2 2
⎛ tan Θ ⎞
⎜⎜1 + ⎟⎟ ⎜ ⎟ +⎜ + ⎟− ⎜⎜1 + ⎟⎟
⎝ 3 ⎠ ⎝ 8 ⎠ ⎜⎝ 12 4 ⎟⎠ 8 ⎝ 3 ⎠
S max =
cos Θ

S max
strength factor =
S

Phase2 Theory
Strength Factor 4

## Drucker-Prager Failure Criterion

(compression positive)

k, q = Drucker-Prager parameters

I1 = σ xx + σ yy + σ zz

J2 =
1
6
[ ]
(σ xx − σ yy )2 + (σ yy − σ zz )2 + (σ zz − σ xx )2 + τ xy2 + τ yz2 + τ zx2

S = J2

I1
S max = k + q
3

S max
strength factor =
S

## Calculation of the # of load steps in Phase2

100 ⎛ 1 ⎞ 100 ⎛ S ⎞
N= ⎜ − 1⎟ = ⎜⎜ − 1⎟⎟
15 ⎝ SF ⎠ 15 ⎝ S max ⎠

## 1. Determine N for all elements using an elastic analysis

2. The number of load steps is the maximum value of N

Phase2 Theory