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JANUARY 1953

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ANC POPULAR

CHANICS

Ski Wing-

page 155

WANTED: 50,000 ENGINEERS —page 133

Build Glamour IntoYour Basement Playroom —page 165

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Copyrighted materis

RAC/MG'S

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TREND, INC.—PHOTO

THE 270 OFFENHAUSER

7 build racing's top engine. Here's why I recommend

Champion spark plugs for your car."

Louis Meyer, three-time winner of the

Indianapolis 500, three-time national

AAA racing champion, today builds

Americas foremost racing engine the OfFenhauser, product of the

Meyer-Drake Engineering Company.

Its success in competition is without

parallel in automobile racing.

Says Meyer, “We specify Champion Spark Plugs as standard equipment

for the OfFenhauser because we’ve

never found any spark plug that can equal Champion in that extra notch of power and speed and extra depend-

which you must have for

ability

championship performance. Speaking

from broad experience in this field,

we know that all Champion Spark

Plugs are built to one, single exacting

standardthe best that top research, engineering and manufacturing can

produce.

“Therefore, I say to every motorist, ‘If you value the very best perform- ance of which your car is capable, you’d better specify Champions for your car. In my book they’re tops for every engine, and the record books

prove it’.”

CHAMPION SPARK PLUG COMPANY, TOLEDO 1, OHIO

FOLLOW THE EXPERTS

CHAMPIONS

FOR YOUR CAR

YOU CAN INSTALL IT YOURSELF

Worlds Most Beautiful Flooring'

PRE-POLISHED

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Beautiful in den or living room. Never slippery, cleans with a damp mop—and it never needs waxing.

Perfect for the kitchen. Not affected by water, will not rot or mildew, ideal for counter tops and wainscoting and it never needs waxing.

Amateurs can install VinyKile

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years of long wear and lasting

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Vinyl 'Tile comes to you in 12

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Send for free— 'How To

Install booklet Goodyear

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WlnafootT. M. The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company. Akron, Ohio

BY

GOODYEAR

Makers of Wingfoot Rubber Flooring

JANUARY 1953

2

These signals find the way

oooooooooooooo

DDJ.JLOO DDDD OO

3DWD3

D

D

0

O

DO

SENDING

RECEIVING

When you dial a telephone number, high-speed switching

mechanisms select your party and connect you. Through a new development of Bell Telephone Laboratories, similar mecha-

nisms do a similar job in private wire teletypewriter systems

which America’s businesses lease from the telephone company.

Company X, for example, operates an air transportation busi-

ness with offices all over America. At one office, an operator

wishes to send a message, let us say, to Kansas City. Ahead of the message, she types the code letters “KC”. The letters

become electric signals which guide the message to its destination.

Any or all stations in a network, or any combination of sta-

tions, can be selected. Switching centers may handle 50 or

more messages a minute

a day. Delivery time is a few minutes.

Defense manufacturers, automobile makers, airlines and many other American businesses are benefiting by the speed and accuracy of the new equipment—another example of how tech- niques developed by the Laboratories for telephone use con-

some users send 30,000 messages i

tribute to other Bell System services as well.

BELL TELEPHONE LABORATORIES

Improving telephone service for America provides

careers tor creative men in scientific and technical Helds.

POPULAR MECHANICS

Popular Mechanics Magazine

Registered in U. S. Patent Office and Canada

H. H. WINDSOR, Founder

this month's tover

SAILING high, wide and handsome across

our cover is a skier equipped with a new

sail that permits effortless gliding above the ground. The sail-rigged skier can make

leaps as long as 50 feet on slight inclines.

You'll find more information on this high-

flying subject on page

155 so we'd like

to pay our compliments here to the artist, Robert Korta, the 32-year-old Chicagoan

who painted the cover. Bob's apprentice- ship in the field of commercial art con-

sisted of running errands for a studio. Now

he's become one of the most accomplished

young

artists in the field.

Career girls in

our own office went into raptures over the

face of that skier on the cover. When asked

who served as a

model. Bob diffidently

mumbled that he had no model—he used

a mirror. Three of Bob's paintings recently were selected for exhibit at the Annual Ex- hibition of the Art Directors Club of Chicago

—a high honor for a former errand boy

monthly by Popular Mechanics

Published

200 E. Ontario

Fetridge. vice-president; and secretary- treasurer;

Windsor III, vice-president; Clover L. Perkins,

advertising manager; Alan M. Deyoe, circulation man-

H. H.

ager. Single copy in the United States and

35 cents; subscription rates in the United States and

possessions, Canada, Philippines and countries of

the

years,

Pan-American Postal union, 1 year $3.50; 2

Canada,

6 resident; William Harrison

Company,

St., Chicago

11, 111. H. H. Windsor.

Jr,.

. F. Windsor, vice-president

$6.00;

add $1.00 a year over United States prices for over-

3

years $8.00. To all other countries

plan to move, notify us at least

seas postage.

30 days in advance so you will not miss an issue.

If you

Give both your old and new addresses.

Entered as Second Class Matter,

at the Post Office at Chicago, Illinois, under

15, 1903.

Act of

1879. Entered as Second Class Matter at

Post Office Dept Canada. Registered as Second Class

Matter at the Post Office at Mexico, D. F., Mexico,

September

March

3,

June

Copyright 1953 by

Copyright under International Copyright

Copyright

Pan-American Copyright Union.

United States of America.

20,

1950.

Popular

Mechanics

Company,

Union.

in France.

All

rights reserved under

Printed

in

the

JANUARY 1953

Volume 99

H.

H. WINDSOR, JR., Editor and Publisher

JANUARY 1953

Address all communications to:

200 East Ontario Street , Chicago 1 1, Illinois

Number 1

Managing Editor

Roderick M. Grant

Wayne Whittaker

Assistant Managing Editor

Associate Editor, Automotive

James R. Ward

Shop Notes and Crafts Editor

Frank L. Brittin

Radio-Television, Electronics Editor

Aubrey O. Cookman, Jr.

Associate Editor, Aviation Associate Editor

Clifford B. Hicks Arthur R. Railton

Assistant Shop Notes and Crafts Editor.

Automotive Correspondent

Wayne C. Leckey

Assistant Editor, Makeup

John C. Dalen Siler Freeman

Art Director

Frank Beatty

 

Assistant Editors

W. Clyde Lammey

Leonard F. Hilts

Frank N. Stephany

Theodore A. Daum

Elsie L. Domin

Elliott H. McCleary

Eastern Editor

Richard F. Dempewolff

Empire State Bldg., Room 2906, New York City 1

Western Editor

Thomas E. Stimson, Jr. 302 23rd St., Santa Monica, Calif.

London Manager

Douglas W. Wedderspoon

Eagle House, Jermyn St., London S. W. 1, England

Director, Bureau of Information

200 E. Ontario St., Chicago 11

Allan Carpenter

IN THIS ISSUE

Headaches of a Jet Designer Bonanza in Bark Darkroom in a Desert

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Life Six Miles Under the Sea ----- Owners Report on the Hillman Minx

Here Comes the Ski Patrol

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The House That Will Never Burn Down

Wanted: 50,000 Engineers

Water Lift Fights Australia Drought

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Boat That Inhales Fish

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Florida Builds a Great Wall

81

88

92

92

112

122

128

133

146

150

160

For the Craftsman

Here's Glamour for Your Basement

SS United States Part II

How to UNpaint

Chip

Carving

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More Miles for Your Tires Collets for Precision Chucking

Wheels for Your Power Tools

Shopping for Tools

. ||ttdi0fe;TV' and

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165

181

188

1 98

204

2JJ

216

222

227

Clinic for Homemakers ------- 236

Other items, and manufacturers of available products

described, are listed on pages 12, 14 and 16

3

Copyrighted material

"C imla Business'Coupon

 

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render and

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tablished.

quickly es-

Revive, Clean and Protect Rugs and Upholstery!

The remarkable Duraclean

Service (illustrated below) re- stores the natural fibre lubri-

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fibers. Resiliency returns to the

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Duraclean Service banishes the need of cleaning uphol- stery, rugs and carpeting by harsh machine scrubbing and

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rugs, carpets, upholstery, furs, clothing, blankets, piano-felts, auto interiors, etc.

“What Dealers Say

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G.

Merriman: "This made me $700

cleaning with only 13 working days.”

Freidinger: “We had a big moth-

one Job alone

proof business

was $322.25.”

last year;

P.

Margarette Turner: "Took in $106 and worked 15 or 18 hours.”

R.

Kimbrough: “Finished First White

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Corbett (Canada): Several hun-

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H. Satterfield: Duracleaned chair for largest department store and got order for

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Schenk: “The customers I had on

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L.

No Shop Needed EASY to Learn

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POPULAR MECHANICS

Copyrighted material

HOW TO MAKE YOUR OWN

AT LESS THAN SNAPSHOT COST!

i

(Sawyer's Inc., Portland 7, Ore.

Three dimension photography is

different because it affords an

opportunity for depth planning. Subjects appear to "come to

life” in stereo pictures.

STEP NO. 1

All you need to know is sky

condition and subject color.

The patented View-Master Ex-

po-Sure guide makes all other

adjustments. No focusing neces-

sary.

Have fiim processed in

the usual manner.

STEP NO. 2

Semi-automatic View-Master

film cutter works quickly and easily. Film is registered per- fectly to produce stereo pairs

accurately die-cut to 1/1000 of

an inch. You get 37 pairs on a

20-exposure film; 69 on a 36- exposure roll.

STEP NO. 3

Die-cut film slips into die- formed pockets. Photographi- cally exposed marks on right

and left pictures, which corres- pond with similar marks on film

pockets, positively identify pic- tures and facilitate mounting.

STEP NO. 4

The completed picture is viewed In three dimensions with a

View-Master Stereoscope or in two dimensions with a View-

Master Projector. An additional

advantage is the huge View-

Master library of scenic Reels

with which to supplement your

personal library.

Now, with the new View-Master Personal

Stereo Camera, you can take brilliant, full

color stereo pictures in thrilling “come to life” realism, for less than the cost of

ordinary black and white snapshots. Per- sons with little or no photographic ex-

perience find it easy and fun to make breath-taking three dimension pictures of

family scenes, children, friends, vacation

travels. The illustrations show the simple

steps of View-Master stereo picture-mak-

ing. Adjust the camera and snap the

picture. Have the color film processed.

Use the View-Master film cutter to quick-

ly and accurately die-cut stereo pairs. Then insert stereo pairs into blank Per-

sonal Reel for exciting viewing.

Integrated Units of the

View-Master Stereo System

(A) Carrying Case (B) View-Master Personal Stereo Camera (C) Close-up attachment (D) Film Cutter (E) Personal Reels (F) View-Master Stereoscope (G) Flash attachment (H) View-Master S-l Projector.

STEREOSCOPIC PRODUCTS ARE

AVAILABLE AT YOUR PHOTO DEALER

JANUARY 1953

5

Copyrighted material

BE SAFE add PYROIL

to tfoufi winter oil

NOW!

# You need Pyroil more than ever when

you change to winter oil. Low viscosity oil

quickly drains off cylinder walls and piston

rings, exposing them to excessive corrosion,

caused by dampness and cold. Not so, if

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to adhere to all exposed motor surfaces.

Perfect insulation against the ravages of

winter driving!

Yes, you need winter oil for “easy starts” but you need Pyroil for the extra protec-

tion, improved lubrication, reduced mainte-

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Be sure your gas station attendant adds Pyroil and you will add trouble-free miles of winter driving to your car.

Pyroil for Aircraft Engines

Use Aircraft Pyroil B for lubricating oil, Aircraft Pyroil A for gasoline.

GIVEN !

An attrac-

tive Pyroil metal savings banktakes coins up to 50c

pieces. MOTORISTS, it’s

yours for the askingsent postage paid.

Manufactured and Guaranteed

by Pyroil Company, 184 Pyroil

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Canadian Distributors:

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I want my car to last and run properly. Please tell me

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in this corner****

THE

EDITORS

Letter to the Editor:

In regard to your article on the ’52 Lin-

coln in this month’s (Oct.) issue of your

fine magazine, twas noted

a gentleman

from St. Louis said “the difference between

15 m.p.g. and 19 m.p.g. amounts to only a

few bucks by the end of the year.” Now

this may be true depending on what people

consider a “few bucks.”

Referring to my slide rule, comes out the

figures of sumpin like a difference of about

65 bucks each year, depending on the

amount of mileage at the end of the year.

For instance, take an auto making 19 m.p.g.; it will burn up about 789 gallons in 15,000 miles while at 15 m.p.g. it will burn up about 1000. Figuring at 30 cents a gallon, it would be $300 for the 15 m.p.g. and about

19 m.p.g., on the basis of

$235 for the

both being driven 15,000 miles a year which,

Like I

I believe, is pretty near average.

say, this may just be a few bucks to some, but to some of us peasantswell!! R. A. Ciari,

Juneau, Alaska.

Letters to the Editor:

Just a line from an habitual reader of

Popular Mechanics. A most enjoyable

habit it is, too.

On page 164 of the October issue, the

mysterious shotgun seems to be a “Hagen”

I wouldn’t

tear-gas gun, or a copy of it.

know how it got to Germany, but I sell ’em

in Houston.

P. E. Preston,

Houston 22, Tex.

*

*

*

The gun in question is the type used by German farmers and foresters to kill wild

pigs that destroy crops and gardens. They

(Continued to page 8)

This FREE SAMPLE LESSON

will prove you can become an expert

BOOKKEEPER

ACCOUNTANT

or C.RA.

FREE SAMPLE LESSON

Wc offer you this free sam-

ple lesson so that you can

prove to yourself t hat you CAN master Accountancy

thoroughlyin

quickly,

spare time at home.

Y ou will see exactly how LaSalles famous “Prob-

lem Method’’ works

how you are led step-by-

step through actual ac-

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by doing and not by study

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And at every step you have

the close personal guid-

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of C.P.A. instructors.

Higher Accountancy

Bribe La Sail* Problem Method.

Practical Accounting

Assignment 1

the balance sheet

2SSSS.

ft. wot Id. II *•"

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oven the your*7»»» o* «*

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A Correspondence Institution

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This will-paid

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THIS SAME LESSON HAS STARTED HUNDREDS

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I F you have been envying the high incomes and good jobs enjoyed by thousands of men and women

Accountants

ing from $4,000 to $10,000 and more per year why not launch such a

career for yourself?

incomes rang-

Do you doubt that you can?

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has started several hundred thou- sand men and women toward successful accounting careers. We want you to see for yourself how this remarkable method, originated by LaSalle, makes

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Accountancy simple, interesting, practical, and certain

step-by-step to a complete mastery of Accountingand on up to the coveted

degree of Certified Public Accountant if you so aspire.

GOOD- PAY JOBS

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If you were an expert accountant right

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Get the latest information by sending

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plus free sample

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JANUARY 1953

It doesn’t matter whether you’ve had previous bookkeeping experience, or whether you don’t know a debit from a credit. Whether you wish to qualify as an

expert bookkeeper, advanced accountant, cost accountant, auditor, government

accountant, income tax specialist, or public accountant

Problem Method the exact plan to prepare you rapidly and inexpensivelyin spare hours at homewithout losing a day from your present job.

you’ll find in LaSalle’s

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It can do the same for you. Mail it today!

send your

p-— Clip Coupon

LaSalle Extension University

Mail TODAY

A Correspondence Institution

Dept. 164 H, 417 S. Dearborn Street, Chicago 5, Illinois

YES, I want to see how LaSalle’s "Problem Method works., how I can qualify

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all

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Street Address .

City, Zone & State.

Present Position

Thi s On<