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2/17/2018 Internal Energy Formula | Formulas@TutorVista.

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Internal Energy Solved Problems Back to Top

Some of the problems based on Internal Energy Formula are given below:

Question 1: In an internal combustion engine, during the compression stroke the heat rejected to the cooling water is 50
KJ/kg and the work input is 100 KJ/kg. Calculate the change in internal energy of the working fluid stating whether it is a gain
or loss.

Solution:

Heat rejected to the cooling water

Q = - 50 KJ/kg

Work input W = - 100 KJ/kg

Using the formula,

Q = (U2 - U1) + W

- 50 = (U2 - U1) - 100

U2 - U1 = - 50 + 100

U2 - U1 = 50 KJ/kg

Hence gain in internal energy = 50 KJ/kg

Question 2: In an air motor cylinder the compressed air has an internal energy of 450 KJ/kg at the beginning of the
expansion and an internal energy of 220 KJ/kg after expansion. If the work done by the air during the expansion is 120 KJ/kg,
calculate the heat flow to and fro the cylinder.

Solution:

Internal energy at beginning of the expansion

U1 = 450 KJ/kg

Internal energy after expansion

U2 = 220 KJ/kg

Work done by the air during expansion

W = 120 KJ/kg

Heat flow Q using the relation = (U2 - U1) + W

Q = (220 - 450) + 120

Q = - 230 + 120 = - 110 KJ/kg

Heat rejected by air = 110 KJ/kg

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