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Jake Ewart

Intern/Mentor G/T
Period 1

Annotated Source List

Campanaro, Nick, editor. Campanaro Strength and Conditioning. Accessed 8 Oct. 2017.

This Webpage is my Mentors’ official business website. This website gives guide into
the expectation and professionalism of Campanaro Strength and Conditioning. This page gives
information about the company and the owner, Nick Campanaro. Campanaro, the editor and
creator of the website offers evidence on how his company can help you. With pictures of
himself and clients, he offers appealing evidence on how people can get more in shape with his
workout sessions. He also has information about his college degree in Kinesiology attending the
university of Towson. The website offers multiple ways to contact the company. Along with this
they offer co-owner Rachel Campanaro’s soccer camp. This website allows customers to
see the way the company operates, the ways you can contact the owners, and how the
company can help you get back in shape, or help recover from injuries.
This website will not be helpful because it does not give information such as journals or
articles that could, provide evidence towards my essay. This website was used as an overview to
my internship and how the company operates. Compared to the National Athletic Trainers’
Association (NATA), the NATA allows access to monthly updated journals that contain
articles that help provide topics and evidence to my research topic. The Campanaro
Strength and Conditioning website is an advertisement for the company and how it can help you.
The website does not offer any other websites or sources for my research which in result is why
this website will not be helpful for me.

Campanaro, Nick Personal Interview. 6 Oct. 2017.

Nick Campanaro attended River Hill High School, and played four years of high school
football against other Howard County schools. Campanaro has two brothers, Michael and
Vinny. Vinny Campanaro owns his own boxing company and Michael Campanaro plays for the
Baltimore Ravens as a utility running back and wide receiver. Nick Campanaro continued his
studies at Towson University and played for their football team as running back. At Towson,
Campanaro studied kinesiology completing a four year degree. After college Campanaro opened
his company, Campanaro Strength and Conditioning. Certified by the National Strength and
Conditioning Association. The company has had success in the gym he owns now, but will be
upgrading later this year. Campanaro has several years under his belt as he hopes to expand his
company in the near the future.

Campanaro, Rachel Personal Interview. 24 Oct. 2017.

Rachel Campanaro, wife to Nick Campanaro, was a former professional soccer player for
the Santa Clarita Blue Heat. Rachel is a state champion for high school soccer team and then
received and accepted a full scholarship to Wake Forest. Rachel studied Kinesiology during her
tenure at Wake Forest Member of four US youth national teams (from U-14 to U-18). Rachel
even competed in the U-17 Women's World Cup qualifiers in Trinidad and Tobago. Rachel has
been apart of Campanaro Strength and Conditioning since the opening and helps run sessions
with all girls and families. She also takes her expertise into a soccer school. This soccer school
offers a range of programs that can help develop skill and discipline for youth players.

Campanaro, Vincent Personal Interview. 25 Oct. 2017.

Vincent Campanaro is the brother to Campanaro Strength and Conditioning owner, Nick
Campanaro. Vincent is a personal trainer who specializes in fitness-based boxing. He attended
Towson University just like Nick Campanaro. Vincent received a Bachelor degree in science in
exercise science. He now works at a gym in Columbia, Maryland and sometimes comes in to
help Nick with his business. Boxing has been a passion for Vincent every since a young
age. Vincent works with all ages and helps train and develop boxing skills. Vincent also works
in just general strength training as well. Vincent has five years of experience in athletic training
and hopes to continue and build a strong reputation as a well-rounded trainer.

"Concussion 101: The Current State of Concussion Education Programs." Neurosurgery.

Accessed 24 Oct. 2017.

This article is about the current advancements in today’s concussion education

programs and which programs we can use to help benefit athletes. The Centers for
Disease Control (CDC) has provided a heads up program that provides kits about
concussion information for coaches, parents, and athletes. The CDC also offers online
concussion training videos for coaches and health care providers. The CDC program is most
designed for coaches and professionals to pass on information to players. ThinkFirst programs
however targets players and student in teaching concussion knowledge within classroom
presentations. Teaching students how to recognize and prevent a concussion is vital because if a
kid understand the dangers of head injuries then they will be more aware to dangerous physical
activities. Other programs like the Sports Legacy Institute and Barrow Brainbook also offer
players and spectators about concussion information vital to their sports. These programs
establish a basis of concussion knowledge that is important to protecting the players. Education
programs will become more popular as the danger of concussions become more present in
today’s society
This article will be helpful in my research because unlike any other source, this article is
about programs that have been developed over time to help reach out to parents, coaches,
professionals, and even students about these dangers. This article is very unique because of this
and offers a new perspective on how coaches and professionals have the ability to learn essential
information about concussions. They learn how to recognize and manage a concussion. This
will help me in my research and in my paper because it talks about the measures that athletic
trainers should take to fully understand concussions and the symptoms in addition to procedures
that come with concussions. This is one of the few articles that offer examples of programs that
have the purpose of teaching the importance of awareness in today’s society. This article will
add programs I have not seen into the development of my article.

Cournoyer, Janie, and Brady L. Tripp. "Concussion Knowledge in High School Football
Players." Journal of Athletic Training. Accessed 8 Oct. 2017.

This article is about the concussions that occur during high school football and how
players lack knowledge about how dangerous concussions are. Around one to three million
concussions occur each year during recreational sports, and more than half are football
related. If concussions go unreported then the chances of second impact and syndrome and
everlasting effects increases a lot. Therefore, knowledge about these dangers are very important
to the safety of young players around the nation. Parents, coaches and athletes need to be made
aware of symptoms and how to recover properly from these concussions. A study in which
eleven schools were given questionnaires testing their knowledge about concussions. The
average score was around a seventy three percent. Most could not identify all or a majority of
symptoms. The results claim that a quarter of participants had never received education about
concussions and only fifty three percent of players had discussions with parents about
concussions. This is a giant scare to the growing health concerns of concussions.
This article is very helpful to me in my research because it provides more evidence in a
topic that I am interested in. This article helps me realize the scare that concussions create, and
even with that scare, players still cannot identify a majority of symptoms. That is interesting to
me because the dangers of concussions has been a rising problem seen in the National Football
League and been a topic of debate throughout the country for high school football. This article
helps me dive into the everlasting brain issues that occur because of ignored concussions. The
future of athletes can be determined by how many concussions they have. Professional football
players have had their careers end because of concussions. This topic of health issues intrigues
me because of these dangers. This journal entry can help me with my research because it adds a
different perspective into the debate on the dangers of concussions

"Current Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Concussion in Sport: A

Comparison of Three New Guidelines." Journal of Neurotrauma. Accessed 23 Oct. 2017.

In this Journal entry the article talks about causes, effects, and risks that are associated
with concussions in sports. As of now, the care of the injured player focuses on the health
provider. Today’s advancement in recommendations still are not advanced enough to set a
specific and trusted process of healing concussions.This is why it is important to stay up to date
on the latest advancements when trying to understand concussions. Sports participation is great
for a healthy lifestyle but comes with plenty of risks. Based on a National Athletic Training
Association study, 23,566 reportable injuries were collected ranging across all major high school
sports. Every single sport had the occurrence of concussions. Therefore, it is important to keep
research up to minimize the risks of concussions. There are many ways to prevent concussions
from occurring, from changing rules to fit safety standards to coaches teaching kids how to
properly prevent head injuries in everyday skills. Clinicians should deal with brain injuries as a
individual case, and familiarize themselves with current progress of the injured while keeping up
to date with evaluation of concussions. It is the healthcare provider’s job to maintain an active
control on the brain injury at hand and make sure the athlete is fully healed before returning
him to play.
I believe that this article will be beneficial to my research because it offers unique advice
to clinicians when trying to help heal a concussion. This includes keeping yourself updated on
the latest concussion recommendations. This article offers a historical perspective on the
development on concussion prevention and treatment. It also offers the research issues of
concussions and how they have developed over the year. This article goes in depth about the
prevention and concussion management. Professional viewpoints are included which helps
shape the article as a whole. The article also has other articles attached that contributed to the
article. This helps me find other articles that have the same ideas that could possibly offer
different perspectives to the problem of treating and preventing concussions.

Harmon KG, Drezner JA, Gammons M Endorsed by the National Trainers’ Athletic
Association and the American College of Sports Medicine, American Medical Society for
Sports Medicine position statement: concussion in sport Br J Sports Med.

This article is about assisting Physicians and Athletic Trainers with the evaluation and
management of concussions. This article is a position statement by the American Medical
Society for Sports Medicine. In terms of prevention, modification of rules and or adjustments of
equipment can help prevent preliminary concussions. Diagnosis of Concussions are to be made
by a healthcare provider who is familiar to the athlete and the athlete’s family. This diagnosis
should be considered during the sideline evaluation and management. After this testing
on paper or online should begin and give data that proves the likeliness of a
concussion. Premature return to sports may cause short term and long term
effects. Concussions may become worse and may develop into cognitive dysfunction and
everlasting impairment. Athletic trainers must be educated in the signs and symptoms of
concussions (nausea, vomiting, headaches, etc.) Management of concussions must be precise
and correct because athletes who have previously had a concussion are two to five point eight
times as likely to sustain another concussions. Concussions serve as a concerning and
complicated injury that is still being tested today. It is essential that athletes are honest in their
symptoms and that athletic Trainers are educated in properly preventing and managing
This article will be very helpful to me because it dives deep into my topic of research. It
accurately depicts how trainers should and can prevent concussions and long-term effects from
concussions. This is also a position statement by the American Medical Society for Sports
Medicine who has conducted research about the development on concussions. This website also
offers its references that includes over 225 articles attached that serves as evidence to their
reasoning behind their concussion procedures. This allows me to have access to other scholars
opinions that helped develop this article. This article teaches me the basis for concussions and
how to treat and prevent them as a whole. With the other sources included and the vast detail in
the article this proves to be very helpful to me in my research.

Kerr, Zachary Y., et al. "Factors Associated with Post-Concussion Syndrome in High
School Student-Athletes." Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Accessed 25 Oct.

This article is an entry into the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, and the purpose
is to list factors associated with post-concussion syndrome along with a national sample of high
school athletes. Many student each year but a portion of those with concussions will suffer post-
concussion syndrome. Post-concussion syndrome is when when a person who has suffered
concussions in the past, still suffers set symptoms for up to a year after the concussion. NATION
was developed to have high schools report injuries to gather data on the injuries that had taken
place. Boys high school football had the highest number of concussions and the highest number
of injuries that resulted in post-concussion syndrome. Football had 45.1% off all athletes with
post-concussion syndrome. This study was conducted with boys and girls sports that ranged from
boys’ football to girls’ crew. Each and every sport had a concussion and all but three
sports had at least one athlete is the post-concussion syndrome. More research must
be done to accurately predict and develop in addition to evaluate athletes who have the
risk of obtaining post-concussion syndrome.
I believe that this article will help me in my research some and in my paper. This article
contains studies that prove how much concussions affect the daily lives of high school
students. However, this article focuses more on the aftereffects of having a concussions and the
possibility players have of getting Post-concussion syndrome. This article offers a very well
organized study that shows the number of student who get concussions and face the symptoms
even after their concussion passes. This can help me construct a detailed explanation on the
dangers of concussions and how it can affect you with post-concussion syndrome or have effects
on you for the rest of your life. This article will help highlight this importance in athletic trainers
and professionals. I can use this article at least a little in my research and in my paper because it
highlights the dangers and effects of concussions.

Lockhart, Barbara D. "Injured Athletes' Perceived Loss of Identity: Educational

Implications for Athletic Trainers." Athletic Training Education Journal. Accessed 8 Oct.

This article is a statement on how emotional trauma can affect and injury just as much if
not more than the physical aspect of the injury. When an athlete suffers an injury, psychological
rehabilitation may have to occur. When rehabilitating an injury, psychological factors may a
major aspect in treating the injury. Athletes often lose their identity when sustaining serious
injuries. This means that they may lose confidence and begin to believe in self-doubt. Other
symptoms of emotional problems include negative self-talk, lack of concentration, and
uncontrollable negative thoughts. Losing confidence affects many careers of athletes, making
them worse not because of the injury, because of their mind set. An example of this would be a
study of two hundred and eighty division one athletes, the study found that the perceived impact
of chronic injuries was equivalent to natural disasters. These negative emotional aspects can
linger an injury making it seem worse than what is in reality. This emotional aspect following an
injury can be very difficult for athletes to deal with. That is why athletic trainers have to be
careful when attempting to fix and injury. The emotional mindset of athletes can make or break
a career. Self-acceptance and self-esteem can become a major part in trying to better an athlete
during and after an injury.
This article will be very helpful in my research because it give scientific evidence about a
particular topic in the field of athletic training. This article contains interesting studies and
information about the mindset of athletes during injuries. This is an interesting topic because the
physiological state of an athlete can contribute a lot to the success of his career. This is a topic I
might want to pursue because there have been many stories of athletes who can make poor
choices or give up their unique special talents because they do not have a correct mindset. This
article reveals the truth about athletes. I see this topic a lot during my internship, customers who
workout have many different mindsets. Many people do not like to workout and never try their
hardest versus people who workout hard and give it their all. This topic can be useful to me and
my internship because the concept of emotional mindset applies to everyone that comes in to

McCrea M, Guskiewicz KM, Marshall SW, Barr W, Randolph C, Cantu RC, Onate JA, Yang J,
Kelly JP. Acute Effects and Recovery Time Following Concussion in Collegiate Football
Players The NCAA Concussion Study. Accessed 25 Oct. 2017.

This article is about the effects and and the normal and procedural return time for
collegiate football players. Based off a recent study conducted, 1631 football players from 15
U.S. colleges, 94 players ended up with a concussion somewhere in the season. These players
would undergo an assessment of symptoms three hours, one day to seven days, and ninety days
after concussion. 84% percent of players completed the protocol before day ninety. As you
would expect, players would have worse symptoms, cognitive impairment, and balance problems
after hour three then on day seven or day ninety. This experiment is meant to try to determine an
average time table for these symptoms and impairments to go away. Obviously every athlete is
different and the severity of the concussion should play a key role for symptom relief. However,
collegiate athletes may require a couple days of recovery before allowing a player to return to the
field. This topic will need more research but this study will help develop a standard of medical
care to those who are concussed.
This article will most likely help me in my research because it has an interesting study
that shows the progression of recovering from a concussion. It can help me develop a standard
of knowledge in managing a concussion. This article gives insight to the symptoms and
impairments a person who suffered a concussion would go through. From there a proper time
table for return can be made. On the other hand, this article focuses directly on the aftereffects of
concussions. The vast majority of my research will go into the prevention of concussions and
how athletic trainers can help this prevention. So this article will not be extremely helpful in my
research but some aspects will.

McCrory P, Meeuwisse WH, Aubry M, “Consensus statement on concussion in sport: the

4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012”
British Journal of Sports Medicine. Accessed 23 Oct. 2017.
This article is a journal entry about a consensus statement on concussions in sports in the
British Journal of Sports Medicine. This article goes in depth about management of concussions,
recoveries of concussions, and the roles of testing and various evaluations along with therapy
and rehabilitation. Around 80-90% of concussion resolve in a7-10 day period. Rest is the most
important medicine when dealing with a concussion. The brain needs to rest and begin to heal,
and people with concussions should prohibit heavy amounts of school work, exercise, and cell
phone use. The article also talks about psychological management and mental health
issues. This means that attempting to fix a broken mindset might also be apart of the recovery
system. In fact it is encouraged to evaluate the concussed athlete for depression or anxiety.
Prevention tactics include better equipment, safe skill sets taught to athletes, and rule change to
fit the current safety standards. The article also offers questions to debate whether or not
technology is advanced or reliable enough to fit today’s health scare.
This article will be extremely helpful to me because it questions the standards of
technology when preventing technology and provides interesting information into how to treat
athletes psychologically when undergoing a mental injury. It is often the case that athletes will
obtain increasing level of stress and anxiety. This offers an insight into the emotional aspect into
dealing with an injury. This fits perfectly because it is a topic that is often overlooked when
caring for a concussion. It also more depth into prevention tactics and how to use them
effectively. This source includes over one hundred and fifty sources used to develop this
statement. This can be used as additional sources in my research that applies to this field.

National Athletic Trainers' Association. Accessed 8 Oct. 2017.

This Website is the official website for the National Athletic Trainers' Association. This
association website details the purpose of the website and the many other features of the
website. The purpose of the website is to promote and continue the athletic training
profession. You can also find the bills they support and information about rising health
issues. This website allows businesses to become certified and join their community. There are
more than forty three thousand members in this association who are certified or support the
profession. This website contains a journal series that is updated monthly. With around twelve
volumes, there are numerous articles discussing social issues along with health issues that has
been developed with scientific research. These journal entries have the opinions of many
officials along with numerous studies about a variety of topics. This association promotes the
wellbeing of athletes and ways athletic trainers can avoid these dangerous aspects.
This website will be extremely helpful to my research because it contains a series of
journal entries and articles that range a wide variety of topics from health issues to personalities
and emotional mindsets. This monthly updated journal system can be very helpful to me because
there will be many articles about a specific topic that I can use for my advantage. These articles
have are written by doctors and respected officials and are a results of many hours of research. I
believe that this website will help me find many articles regarding my research topic and other
topics that might interest me. Along with the journals, the website also has magazine articles,
books, and a blog that can help with my research. This website is helpful because it contains
multiple ways to gather evidence for my research.

"National Athletic Trainers’ Association Position Statement: Management of Sport

Journal of Athletic Training. Accessed 24 Oct. 2017.

This article is a journal entry about the position statement on concussion management
from the National Athletic Trainers’ Association. This statement was published to provide
athletic trainers and other healthcare providers the best guidelines on the management
of sport-related concussions. Around 3.8 million concussions occur each year in the United
States from sports or physical activity. Anywhere from drugs to dangerous style of play can
help develop a concussion. After a concussion is diagnosed, the athlete should not be left alone
on the sidelines and could possibly be sent home. Athletes should not be allowed back on the
field until a physician or professional clears him to do so. No activity should occur directly after
having a concussion. As the concussion begins to heal, light exercise or non contact training
with others can begin to occur. Athletic trainers should be cautious when allowing these
activities. Rest become very important when healing a concussion. Seizures, vomiting,
headaches, increasing confusion, etc. are the signs when deciding whether or not to visit a
hospital right away. This article helps deliver a strong guideline about how to properly deal with
a concussion.
This article will be helpful to me because it has specific research done to properly assess
a concussion. This is the opinion of the National Athletic Training Association, which happens
to be the national association to my career in my mentorship. Therefore, this article is very
helpful because I am very sure this is a authentic source with opinions that I can trust. This
article is setup to use the most recent concussion research when attempting to manage a
concussion. This allows me to see specific research done for helping athletic trainers assess and
help the concussed. Attached to the article is two hundred and one sources used when
developing this statement. This means that they used numerous amounts of sources to support
their argument and prove that their evidence is factual. This source should and will be extremely
helpful to me in my research and in my paper.

"Online Training in Sports Concussion for Youth Sports Coaches." National Center for
Biotechnology Information.
Accessed 24 Oct. 2017.

The purpose of this article is to address the online training in sports concussions for youth
sports coaches. It is essential that coaches know about the concussions in general and are aware
of the safety guidelines placed for youth athletes. Around 1.6-3.8 million sports and recreation
brain injuries occur in the United States each year. Most of these concussions come from ten to
nineteen year olds. This article reinforces that coaches must have knowledge about sports
concussion, management, and prevention; attitudes about the importance of preventing sports
concussion; and intention and self-efficacy in sports concussion management and prevention. To
ensure this the ACTive e-learning system was established. Consisting of three modules, this
learning program covers all about basics of concussions, prevention, and the recognition of
concussions. After these modules, the coaches would take a test, testing the improvement of
knowledge. This new e-learning program proved to have worked based on the results of the
tests. This system can help improve the way coaches manage and prevent concussions.
This article will be helpful to me in my research because it contains a study about
concussions and how to prevent and manage them. This fits perfectly into my research because
it tests the knowledge of concussions. Concussions are a complex injury that many clinicians
and athletic trainers lack knowledge in. As more and more professionals learn about concussions
it is important that coaches realize the dangers as well. Coaches with an understanding of
concussions are less likely to have players with head injuries and have a lower risk of needing
professional help. The more people that know about concussions, the more people can react and
prevent concussions. This article helps me dive into what little people know about concussions
and help develop my research into something that explains the dangers of concussions.

"Sports-Related Concussion: Assessment and Management." The Journal of Bone and

Joint Surgery. Accessed 24 Oct. 2017.

Around 170 million adults participate in organized and recreational sports annually.
Close to four million concussions occur each during sport or recreational activity. Concussions
are typically caused by direct blows to the head or in rapid onset of short-lived impairment or
neurologic function. In the NCAA in a study from 1988-2004, thirteen sports teams were
tracked and counted the concussions per one thousand athletic exposures and what the percent of
injuries were concussions. Both Women's and Men’s hockey had the highest concussion
percentage of total injuries and highest injury rate per one thousand athletic exposures.
Women’s hockey had astonishing levels of concussions per a thousand athletic
exposures (.91) and 18.3% percent of injuries where concussions. Acute Concussions last
usually around two weeks with normal symptoms (headache, dizziness, hearing loss, etc.) and
symptoms and duration worsen the more serious the concussion become. Rest is the elimination
from harmful activities and strenuous exercises. Concussions can cause a career to end and is
seen in older athletes with heavily damaged brains compared to normal civilians.
This article will be extremely helpful in my research because the article goes into depth
on concussion symptoms and concussion rates in sports. This provides evidence I have not seen
before. This evidence includes various studies in the past about the NCAA and other various
studies. Pictures and tables help explain the article by physically showing the results of various
studies. This helps me see the severity of concussions and how they can affect careers and the
lives of many people. Advancements in technology in equipment have helped prevent
concussions but not by much. Concussions still occur millions of times a year. This article also
depicts the various steps in returning to play and the various symptoms based on the severity of
concussions. This article does a very good job in showing the importance of preventing
concussions and the caution that must go into managing the concussions.

Stone, James L., et al. "The History of Neurosurgical Treatment of Sports Concussion."
Neurosurgery. Accessed 25 Oct. 2017.Stone, James L., et al. "The History of
Neurosurgical Treatment of Sports Concussion." Neurosurgery. Accessed 25 Oct. 2017.

This Article is a journal entry for the Neurosurgery journal. It talks about the history of
Neurosurgical Treatment of sports concussions. The history of brain research comes from after
World War I, when the first books The Trainer’s Bible which turned into a major book about
athletic training. Technology has advanced in protecting the brain, for in the 1890s there was no
helmet made to protect heads, and players often targeted heads because it was easier to
tackle. Clearly this are not the case today, with advanced helmets and rule change, concussions
would be more likely to occur then versus now. Helmets increased in popularity, but the helmets
were not necessarily helpful to prevent brain injuries. This article has access to studies about the
brain and how they were used to gain a perspective on how complex brain injuries are. One
table shows the evolving of grading sports concussions. Since 1948, these grading systems have
evolved into a more scientific based answer. The final revision in the article has specific timing
and details that give away the severity of the concussion. It proves how science has brought us
closer to truly finding the best way to determine a concussion and how severe the injury
is. Concussion research is moving in the right direction, as they try to answer the unsolved
questions and dangers of concussions.
This article will not be helpful to me in my research because it rarely talks about my
research topic at all. This article is about how neurosurgical treatment and how it has developed
over the years. It barely references, with the exception of the football helmet, how to prevent
concussions as a whole. It merely references about how doctors and neurosurgeons have
developed, over the years, how to diagnose a concussion. This article also talks about procedures
doctors would take to help treat a concussion, rather than an athletic training helping manage a
concussion. However this article does use tables and pictures that I could use in my
research. However most of the information in this article is in reference to neurosurgeons, not
athletic training. This article has good scientific research and a plethora of information but most
of it does not apply to my field of research.

Tator, Charles H. "Sport Concussion Education and Prevention." Journal of Clinical Sport
Psychology. Accessed 24 Oct. 2017.

This journal entry is about how clinicians and any other healthcare provider should have
sport concussion education and prevention. This article is a journal entry into the Journal of
Clinical Sport Psychology and is written by Dr. Tator, a professor of Neurosurgery in Toronto
Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario Canada. Concussions in sports are a significant public health
issue. Concussions require multiple strategies of prevention overtime. Primary prevention can
come from rule change or equipment change, secondary prevention refers to when a concussion
has already occurred, and tertiary prevention is the act of preventing long-term effects from
concussions. Many people still do not know the signs and symptoms of concussions and how to
manage one. This can have lasting effects on the concussed if they were allowed premature
return to play or to class. This can be improved by having preseason sports team meetings on
concussion education. However, it can also be on the players to report their symptoms and to be
honest when being evaluated. This should reinforced with poster in the locker room and constant
team reminders on the dangers of concussions. The ultimate goal for concussion prevention is to
diminish the chances of short and long-term effects of concussions so that athletes can live a
safer life in the future.
This article will help me because it offers information based off a different journal that I
have not read before. However, this information is mostly a reinforcement of previous data
listed. This article still explains in a new perspective on the danger of concussions. This article
offers new ways and ideas to not only educate coaches but also players on the dangers of
concussions and that symptoms should be reported not matter what. This article references
numerous other articles that are from different journals. This could be extremely helpful to my
research because this article allows me access to viewpoints from other professionals and
journals to develop a more constructed topic of discussion in my research. This article may not
focus directly on my research, but it still offers a brand new perspective on some aspects of my
research topic.This journal entry contains new ideas for prevention and education of concussions
in coaches and players in various levels of athletics.

"Trends in Concussion Incidence in High School Sports : a Prospective 11-Year Study."

The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 29 Jan. 2011. Accessed 24 Oct. 2017.

This article is an entry into the American Journal of Sports Medicine and is about an
eleven year study in trends in concussion incidence in high school sports. This study is about the
relative risk of concussions in twelve high school sports (boys and girls) in the academic years of
1997-1998 to 2007-2008. Boys accounted for more concussions overall, with football leading
the way for guys and girls soccer leading for girls. Within this eleven year span over 2650
concussions were experienced in high school sports. This can be accounted for because
equipment does not have a conclusive effect on concussion risk in high-impact sports. This
shows the hidden dangers of concussions and how the equipment we use may not be good
enough to protect our heads. This article contains data tables and graphs to show the contrast of
specific sports and the likeliness of obtaining a concussion. It was found that collisions were the
main cause of concussions in all sports. It was also found that in similar sports, there were more
girl concussions than guys. Finally, it proves that boys’ sports depends on whether or not
you have a helmet. Boys’ sports with helmets are more likely to sustain a concussion the
sports without helmets.
This article will be helpful to me in my research because it offers information about a
lengthy study about concussions in high school sports. This can offer me interesting facts that
other articles may not have because specific research was done to make this article. This website
is a journal website, containing numerous journals on various topics. This can help me because I
can have access to many other journals that could have information about my topic of
research. Along with this journal entry, there are references used to help create this article so i
could also use those to develop my research even further. This article contains graphs and tables
about concussion rates in twelve high school sports. This allows me to have evidence of
concussions rates in one sport compared to concussion rates in another. They also have evidence
of these rates between genders in similar sports. This offers a new perspective on concussions
symptoms and management methods for different genders and how in some cases, girls are more
likely to have a concussion then guys in a sport.

West, Therese A., and Donald W. Marion. "Current Recommendations for the Diagnosis
and Treatment of Concussion in Sport: A Comparison of Three New Guidelines."
Journal of Neurotrauma. Accessed 23 Oct. 2017.

This article is about current systems on the diagnosis and treatment of concussions in
sports. This specific article is from the Journal of Neurotrauma and explains the dangers of
concussions and how to properly treat them. Three traumatic brain injuries occur each minute
and effects around five million today with disabilities related to the brain. Along with that
traumatic brain injuries cost Americans $76 million dollars in medical care and
rehabilitation. This shows the growing concern in public health in adults and minors. Testing for
concussions include balance tests and Neuropsychological tests. Both predict the diagnosis of
concussions, with Neuropsychological tests being more accurate than balance
testing. Prevention comes from the equipment used in sports, however, advancements in
equipment have not lowered the severity of concussions. This means that more money must be
put into better equipment and or safer rules for players.
This article will be helpful to me in my research because it has specific data that shows
the seriousness and complexity of concussions and the process of healing from a traumatic brain
injury. This article offers other articles in which this article was cited in. In addition this journal
entry has seven references that was used to develop the article. So, with this article I have access
to numerous other sources that help construct these concepts. This article helps me realize the
complicated process to healing a head injury along with the harms that come with improper
treatment. Along with scientific research, the entry reviews effects that come with returning to
school to early and long-term effects associated with traumatic brain injuries. This article offers
multiple facts and scientific methods of treating concussions that are useful to my research topic.