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TEXAS SCHOOL SURVEY OF DRUG AND ALCOHOL USE

MONAHANS-WICKETT-PYOTE ISD

SECONDARY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

OVERVIEW

In the Spring of 1995, the Texas Commission on Alcohol and Drug Abuse, in conjunction with
the Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University, administered a survey to
students in grades 7 through 12 in the Monahans-Wickett-Pyote Independent School District
(MWPISD). A total of 1045 students completed the questionnaire, which asked about students'
experiences with alcohol and drugs. Of that number, 70 surveys were excluded from analysis
because students did not indicate their grade or age, or because they were identified as
exaggerators (i.e., claimed to have used a non-existent drug or reported overly excessive drug
use). The final number of surveys included in the overall district analysis was 975.1

Students' responses to the questionnaire indicate that:

•Fifty-nine* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students reported using tobacco at


least once during their lifetimes (Fig. 1), and 33* percent said they had used
tobacco during the past month (Fig. 2).2

•Thirteen* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said they smoke cigarettes


on a daily basis, while 4* percent reported using a smokeless tobacco product on
a daily basis.

•Seventy-three percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said they had used


alcohol at least once during their lifetimes (Fig. 1), and 39 percent reported
using alcohol during the past month (Fig. 2).

•Ten percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students reported attending at least one


class during the past year while "drunk," and 26* percent of district 9th through

1 The percentages referred to in the executive summary were taken from the tables found in "Part I: District
Survey Results." Due to the differences in rounding procedures, there may be slight discrepancies between the
percentages referred to in the tables and those reflected in the executive summary and in the corresponding
figures. Figures referenced throughout this report are included in "Part III: Executive Summary."

2 Data in this report marked with an asterisk are estimated to be statistically significant at the .01 level from
the comparable data for the state as a whole. This means that in only one of a hundred samples would a
difference this large have occurred when there was no difference between the district and state data. Differences
in very small districts will seldom be statistically significant due to the small number of cases. Differences that
are not marked may be important, but should be treated with more caution than those that are statistically
significant.

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12th grade students said they had driven a car at least once during the past year
after having "a good bit to drink."

•Lifetime use of inhalants was reported by 18 percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD


students (Fig. 1), while past-month inhalant use was reported by 5 percent (Fig.
2).

•Twenty-four percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students reported using


marijuana at least once during their lifetimes (Fig. 1), and 12 percent said they
had used marijuana during the past month (Fig. 2).

•Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students are most likely to turn to friends for help with a
drug or alcohol problem (74 percent) and least likely to consult another adult in
school, such as a teacher or nurse (35 percent) (Fig. 17).

Tobacco

Between 1992 and 1994, the general use of tobacco (including cigarettes and smokeless
products) among students statewide stayed much the same. 3 Overall, the general use of tobacco
products among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students is somewhat higher than that reported
by their counterparts statewide.

Fifty-nine* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported general tobacco use at least


once during their lifetimes (55 percent statewide) (Fig. 1). Lifetime general tobacco use was
highest among district 12th graders (73* percent), a rate higher than that reported by 12th
graders statewide (63 percent). The lowest rate of lifetime use of a tobacco product was
reported among MWPISD 7th graders (46 percent/40 percent statewide).

Thirty-three* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said they had used a tobacco
product during the past month, compared to 24 percent of students statewide (Fig. 2). Past-
month general tobacco use was lowest among MWPISD 7th grade students (21 percent/16
percent statewide). Forty-three* percent of district 11th graders reported using a tobacco
product during the past month, a rate higher than that reported by 11th graders statewide (27
percent). Past-month use of a tobacco product was highest among MWPISD 12th grade
students (52* percent), a rate also higher than that reported by their 12th grade peers statewide
(31 percent)

Fifty-six percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported smoking cigarettes at least once


during their lifetimes (52 percent statewide). Thirty* percent of MWPISD students said they
had smoked cigarettes during the past month, a rate somewhat higher than that reported by
students statewide (22 percent). Smoking cigarettes on a daily basis was reported by 13*

3 Statewide data is collected every other year. The statewide data used for comparison purposes in the district
report and executive summary is taken from the results of the survey administered in 1994.

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percent of district students, compared to 7 percent of students statewide. Daily cigarette use
was reported by 15* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD 9th graders (7 percent statewide),
21* percent of MWPISD 11th graders (10 percent statewide), and 24* percent of district 12th
graders (12 percent statewide). Twenty-nine* percent of MWPISD students said most or all of
their close friends smoke cigarettes, a rate higher than that reported by students statewide (19
percent).

Lifetime use of smokeless tobacco products was reported by 24* percent of MWPISD students,
compared to 17 percent of students statewide. Nine* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote
students said they had used a smokeless tobacco product during the past month (6 percent
statewide). Using a smokeless tobacco product on a daily basis was reported by 4* percent of
district students (2 percent statewide), and 7* percent said most or all of their close friends use
smokeless tobacco (5 percent statewide).

Alcohol

Alcohol is the most widely used substance among students statewide and in the Monahans-
Wickett-Pyote ISD. Alcohol use among secondary students in 1994 was similar to that reported
in 1992. Overall, Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students are drinking alcohol at rates
somewhat similar to those reported by their peers statewide.

Seventy-three percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported consuming alcohol at least


once during their lifetimes (74 percent statewide) (Fig. 1). Lifetime alcohol use was lowest
among MWPISD 7th graders (52 percent/58 percent statewide) and highest among district 12th
graders (90 percent/86 percent statewide) (Fig. 3).

Thirty-nine percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said they had consumed alcohol
during the past month, the same rate reported by students statewide (Fig. 2). Past-month
alcohol use was lowest among MWPISD 7th graders (25 percent/24 percent statewide).
Twenty-six percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 8th grade students reported consuming alcohol
during the past month, a rate somewhat lower than that reported by 8th grade students statewide
(34 percent). Past-month consumption of alcohol was highest among district 12th graders (62
percent), a rate somewhat higher than that reported by 12th graders statewide (52 percent) (Fig.
4).

The alcoholic beverages most often consumed by Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students are beer
(60 percent/59 percent statewide) and wine coolers (57 percent/61 percent statewide). Forty-
one percent of MWPISD students said they drink beer on a weekly or monthly basis (37 percent
statewide), and 32 percent said they drink wine coolers weekly or monthly (34 percent
statewide).

"Binge drinking" is the consumption of five or more beers, wine coolers, servings of wine, or
drinks with liquor at one time. Forty-six* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students
reported "binge drinking" beer at least once during the past year (39 percent statewide), while

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32* percent said they usually drink five or more beers at a time on average when they drink (20
percent statewide), rates somewhat higher than those reported by students statewide. Past-year
"binge drinking" of wine coolers was reported by 44 percent of MWPISD students (41 percent
statewide), while 27* percent said they usually drink five or more wine coolers at a time on
average when they drink (19 percent statewide).

Ten percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported attending at least one class during
the past school year while "drunk" (10 percent statewide). The rates of attending class while
intoxicated ranged from 6 percent among MWPISD 8th graders (10 percent statewide) to 12
percent among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 11th graders (10 percent statewide) and 12 percent
among district 12th graders (10 percent statewide) (Figs. 9a and 9b).

Twenty-six* percent of MWPISD 9th through 12th grade students said that they had driven a
car after having "a good bit to drink" at least once during the past year, compared to 15 percent
of 9th through 12th grade students statewide. The highest rates of driving while intoxicated
were reported by Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 11th graders (39* percent/20 percent statewide) and
MWPISD 12th graders (44* percent/26 percent statewide), rates higher than those reported by
11th and 12th graders statewide. Driving while intoxicated four or more times during the past
year was reported by 7* percent of district 9th through 12th graders (4 percent statewide) (Fig.
11).

Students were asked about the availability of alcohol, its use among friends, and its use at
parties. Seventy-eight percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said beer, wine, wine
coolers, or liquor were somewhat easy or very easy to obtain (77 percent statewide). Forty-four
percent of district students reported most or all of their close friends drink alcohol (40 percent
statewide). Forty-eight* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students responded "from
friends" when asked where they obtained alcohol most of the time or always, a rate somewhat
higher than that reported by students statewide (40 percent statewide). "Difficulties of any
kind" with friends because of one's own drinking was reported by 11 percent of MWPISD
students (10 percent statewide).

Forty-seven* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students said alcohol was used at most or all
of the parties they attended in the past school year, compared to 39 percent of students
statewide. Alcohol use at most or all parties was reported by 50* percent of MWPISD 9th
graders (39 percent statewide) and 75* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 12th graders (62
percent statewide), rates higher than those reported by 9th and 12th graders statewide (Figs. 12a
and 12b). Forty-eight percent of district students responded "at parties" when asked where they
obtain alcohol most of the time or always (44 percent statewide). Fourteen* percent of
MWPISD students said they get alcohol "from the store" most of the time or always, a rate
somewhat lower than that reported by students statewide (21 percent).

Students were asked how many days during the school year they were absent from class due to
an illness or for some other reason, and how many days they had gotten into trouble because of
conduct or attitude problems. Fewer MWPISD students who had not been absent since the Fall
reported having used alcohol during the past month (25 percent/26 percent statewide) than did

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district students who said they had missed four or more days of school (45 percent/47 percent
statewide). Seventy-three* percent of the district students who had experienced difficulties with
school officials on four or more days reported using alcohol during the past 30 days (65 percent
statewide). By contrast, only 25 percent of district students who had not experienced
difficulties with school officials because of conduct problems had used alcohol within the past
30 days (26 percent statewide).

Parental attitudes can be a major factor in whether or not a student uses alcohol or drugs. When
asked how their parents feel about kids their age drinking beer, 75 percent of Monahans-
Wickett-Pyote students said their parents strongly or mildly disapprove, the same rate reported
by students statewide. Ten percent of district students said they "don't know" how their parents
feel about kids their age drinking beer (10 percent statewide), and 10 percent said their parents
neither approve nor disapprove (11 percent statewide) (Fig. 15).

Inhalants4

In general, inhalants are common, licit substances (paints, thinners, correction fluid, glue, etc.)
which, when sniffed, huffed, or inhaled, produce an intoxicating effect. Between 1992 and
1994, use of inhalants among students statewide decreased. Overall, Monahans-Wickett-Pyote
ISD students are using inhalants at rates similar to those reported by their counterparts
statewide.

Eighteen percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported using inhalants at least once


during their lifetimes (19 percent statewide) (Fig. 1). The rates of lifetime inhalant use ranged
from 14 percent among district 12th grade students (15 percent statewide) to 21 percent among
MWPISD 10th grade students (17 percent statewide) (Figs. 5a and 5b).

Five percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said they had used inhalants during the
past month, the same rate reported by students statewide (Fig. 2). The rates of past-month
inhalant use ranged from 1 percent among district 11th grade students (2 percent statewide) to 8
percent among MWPISD 8th grade students (8 percent statewide) (Figs. 6a and 6b).

Two percent of MWPISD students reported most or all of their close friends use inhalants (3
percent statewide), and 3 percent said they had attended at least one class during the past school
year while "high" on inhalants (3 percent statewide). Twelve percent of MWPISD students said
they had used two or more different kinds of inhalant substances during their lifetimes (12
percent statewide).

The inhalant substances most frequently used by Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students were


correction fluid/Liquid Paper (9 percent/10 percent statewide), liquid/spray paint (8 percent/7
percent statewide), and gasoline (7 percent/6 percent statewide). Six percent of district students
4 Lifetime and current inhalant use figures have been adjusted to reflect reported use of both specific inhalants
and inhalant use generally. Some students responded positive to specific use without responding positive to
generic use. Some students responded positive to generic use but not specific inhalants.

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said they had inhaled paint thinner (6 percent statewide), 6 percent reported inhaling substances
in the "other inhalants" category (8 percent statewide), 5 percent said they had inhaled glue (6
percent statewide), and 3 percent reported inhaling substances in the "other sprays" category (4
percent statewide) at least once during their lifetimes (Figs. 7a and 7b).

Illicit Drugs

Illicit drugs are defined as controlled substances and include marijuana, cocaine (powdered
form and crack), uppers (stimulants), downers (narcotics), hallucinogens, and ecstasy. Between
1992 and 1994, the use of illicit drugs among students statewide increased. The use of
marijuana, the most frequently used illicit substance, also increased among students statewide
over that two-year period.

In the Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD, 26 percent of students reported use of illicit drugs at least
once during their lifetimes (28 percent statewide), while 19 percent of MWPISD students said
they had used one or more illicit substances three or more times (19 percent statewide), rates
similar to those reported by their peers statewide. Statewide, students who said they had used
illicit drugs reported using them an average of 1.4 times in the past 30 days and 4.2 times
during their lives. Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported average usage rates of 1.1 times
in the past month and 4.1 times during their lifetimes.

Twenty-four percent of MWPISD students reported using marijuana at least once in their
lifetimes, a rate similar to that reported by students statewide (25 percent) (Fig. 1). Lifetime
marijuana use was highest among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 12th graders (42 percent), a rate
somewhat higher than that reported by 12th graders statewide (34 percent). Fourteen percent of
district 8th grade students reported smoking marijuana at least once during their lifetimes, a rate
somewhat lower than that reported by 8th grade students statewide. Lifetime marijuana use was
lowest among MWPISD 7th graders (11 percent/13 percent statewide) (Figs. 5a and 5b).

Past-month marijuana use was reported by 12 percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD


students, the same rate reported by students statewide (Fig. 2). The rates of past-month
marijuana use ranged from 5 percent among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 8th graders (11 percent
statewide) to 20 among district 12th graders (14 percent statewide) (Figs. 6a and 6b).

Eight percent of MWPISD students reported attending at least one class in the past year while
"stoned" on marijuana (9 percent statewide). The rates of attending class while stoned ranged
from 4 percent among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote 7th graders (6 percent statewide) and 4 percent
among MWPISD 8th graders (8 percent statewide) to 14 percent among district 9th graders (12
percent statewide) (Figs. 10a and 10b).

Driving under the influence of drugs at least once during the past year was reported by 11
percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD 9th through 12th grade students (8 percent statewide).
Seventeen percent of MWPISD 12th grade students reported driving under the influence of
drugs (12 percent statewide).

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Forty-six percent of MWPISD students said marijuana was somewhat or very easy to obtain (48
percent statewide), and 13* percent reported most or all of their close friends use marijuana (17
percent statewide). Six percent of district students said they had gotten into "difficulties of any
kind" with their friends because of their own drug use (5 percent statewide).

Thirteen* percent of the Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said that marijuana and/or other
drugs were used at most or all of the parties they attended during the school year (17 percent
statewide). Thirteen* percent of MWPISD 11th graders reported marijuana and/or other drug
use at most or all parties, a rate lower than that reported by 11th graders statewide. Twenty-one
percent of district 10th grade students reported marijuana and/or other drug use at most or all
parties (23 percent statewide).

Fewer Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students who had not been absent since the Fall reported
having used marijuana during the past month (4 percent/6 percent statewide) than did district
students who said they had missed four or more days of school (14 percent/15 percent
statewide). Five percent of district students who had not gotten into trouble with school
officials reported using marijuana within the past 30 days (4 percent statewide). By contrast, 32
percent of district students who had gotten into trouble with school officials on four or more
days reported using marijuana during the past 30 days (31 percent statewide).

When asked about parental attitudes toward marijuana use, Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students
reported a disapproval rate of 89 percent (87 percent statewide). Seven percent of district
students said they "don't know" how their parents feel about kids their age using marijuana (8
percent statewide), while 2 percent said their parents neither approve nor disapprove (4 percent
statewide) (Fig. 15).

Uppers are the next most frequently used illicit substance among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD
students (9 percent/7 percent statewide). Six percent of MWPISD students said they had used
powdered cocaine (5 percent statewide), 5 percent said they had used hallucinogens (6 percent
statewide), 5 percent reported using downers (5 percent statewide), 3 percent reported using
crack (2 percent statewide), 3 percent said they had used steroids (2 percent statewide), and 2
percent reported using ecstasy (3 percent statewide) at least once during their lifetimes (Fig. 1).

CHARACTERISTICS ASSOCIATED WITH DRUG USE

Statewide, female students were less likely to have used drugs than were male students. In the
Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD, male students were somewhat more likely to have used an
inhalant and over two times more likely to have smoked marijuana than were district female
students. There were no other significant differences by gender among MWPISD students with
regard to the use of tobacco products, alcohol, or other illicit substances.

In the statewide survey, students living in two-parent homes reported lower drug use than did
students living in other family situations. MWPISD students living in other family situations

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were nearly two times more likely to have smoked marijuana than were those district students
living in homes with two parents. There were no other significant differences by living
arrangement among Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students with regard to the use of tobacco or
alcohol products, inhalants, or other illegal drugs.

When asked where they would go for help with a drug or alcohol problem, the largest
percentage of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students said they would seek help from their friends
(74 percent/74 percent statewide). Sixty percent of MWPISD students said they would seek
help from an adult friend or relative (57 percent statewide), and 59* percent said they would
turn to their parents (54 percent statewide). District students are least likely to seek help from
another adult in school, such as a teacher or nurse (35 percent/33 percent statewide), or a
medical doctor (36 percent/38 percent statewide) (Fig. 17). Since school began in the Fall, 6
percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students reported seeking help for any problems connected
with alcohol or drug use from someone other than family or friends (7 percent statewide).

Eighty-nine* percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote ISD students said they had gotten


information about drugs and alcohol from a school source since classes began in the Fall,
compared to 79 percent of students statewide. "An assembly program" was reported by 76*
percent of district students as a source for information about drugs and alcohol (53 percent
statewide), while 65* percent said "an invited school guest" was a source for this information
(46 percent statewide), rates higher than those reported by students statewide. Forty-four
percent of MWPISD students reported getting information about drugs and alcohol from a
"health class" (46 percent statewide).

The influence of drug education programs may be reflected in students' attitudes toward the use
of specific substances. Ninety-two percent of Monahans-Wickett-Pyote students believe that
crack use is "very dangerous" (91 percent statewide), and 90 percent believe that powdered
cocaine use is "very dangerous" (90 percent statewide). Seventy-nine percent of MWPISD
students believe that inhalant use is "very dangerous" (77 percent statewide), and 69 percent
believe that marijuana use is "very dangerous" (67 percent statewide). By contrast, the
perceived danger of alcohol and tobacco use is lower. Only 45 percent of MWPISD students
feel that it is "very dangerous" to use alcohol (46 percent statewide), while 37 percent believe
that tobacco use is "very dangerous" (41 percent statewide) (Fig. 13).