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Quality Education is not for The Privilege of Few

Everyone has the right to access the education, but everyone also deserves the good
quality education. Seperti yang kita ketahui saat ini, terlalu banyak polemik yang dihadapi


What is the United Nations?
The UN was established in the aftermath of the Second World War to help stabilise
international relations and give peace a more secure foundation. The UN and its family of
agencies are engaged in a vast array of work to improve the lives of people around the world.
The primary aims of the UN are: secure international peace, eliminate poverty and protect
human rights. The UN is not a ‘world government’. Its activities are governed by its 193
member states and are the result of (often complex) political negotiations.
The work of the UN is vital because the challenges facing the world today – from climate
change to infectious diseases – are not localised. They require international action. The UN
provides a unique and vital platform for generating the global solutions needed to address
these global problems.

Explaining the United Nations to kids

The United Nations General Assembly met this month to elect five new members to the
Security Council: Colombia, Germany, India, Portugal and South Africa. The countries will
have two-year terms beginning in January. (Evan Schneider/united Nations Via Associated

Monday, October 18, 2010

Almost 7 billion people live on the planet, in 194 countries, speaking thousands of different
languages. You and your brother may speak the same language, live in the same house and
have the same parents, and yet you don't always get along. So maybe it's not surprising that
the world, too, is full of conflict.

That's where the United Nations comes in. On Oct. 24 the United Nations turns 65. In 1945,
after World War II ended, 51 countries founded the U.N. with the goal of developing healthy
relationships among nations, helping one another, and ultimately maintaining peace.

Representatives from 192 countries are now part of the General Assembly and meet every
September through December, and at occasionally at other times throughout the year, in New
York. A general debate kicks off the September meeting during which a representative from
any country can "take the floor," or speak in front of everyone about anything. This year,
representatives from 186 countries spoke, ranging from five to 33 minutes. (Wow, talk about
a long meeting!)

Smaller groups from the General Assembly meet also, and this year, a group met to discuss
how sports can help bring about peace. One member called on leaders to make sure people
could participate in sports. Another spoke about the need for role models in sports.

The General Assembly is the biggest part of the United Nations, but the Security Council is
the most powerful. Five of the countries, including the United States, are permanent
members, and 10 others are picked from different regions of the world every other year. The
Security Council can vote to take military action or to punish countries for inappropriate
actions (these punishments are called sanctions). If just one of the five permanent members
vetoes (or votes against) a Security Council resolution, it won't take effect.

All this sounds like just a lot of talk, but the United Nations does more than that. For
example, maybe you have heard of UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund. When
monsoon rains caused devastating floods in Pakistan this summer, about 1.4 million kids
were affected. UNICEF worked to get kids food, water and medical supplies. UNICEF is just
one of many U.N. organizations that work around the world, helping people with such issues
as reducing poverty, fighting disease and combating natural disasters.

The U.N. obviously has a big job to do, in a world full of so many people in so many places
with so many problems. It's something to think about the next time you and your brother have
a hard time agreeing on what to watch on TV.

-- Moira E. McLaughlin

What is sustainable development?

Sustainable Development is development that meets the needs of the present without
compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs as well.
This short animated film (on the left) for children was produced by “Aminaskin” for UNICEF
Norway and the UN Association of Norway to support Sustainable Development Learning.
The original film is in Norwegian but here it is in English.
Four dimensions of sustainable development
Sustainable Development requires simultaneous and balanced progress in three dimensions
that are totallyinterdependent.
For example, a farm that pays workers fairly (economy), and supports a local community
school (society), but produces large amounts of greenhouse gases in its farming process
would not be sustainable, because it would be contributing to climate change (environment),
which will undermine the other two elements in the long term.

In September 2015, world leaders agreed to 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development
which could mean an end to extreme poverty, inequalities and climate change by 2030. The
Sustainable Development Goals follow the Millennium Development Goals. Each of the 17
Goals are broken down into targets which both explain the Goal and will help in focusing
efforts. A target is an action - a specific, measurable and time-bound outcome which
contributes directly to reaching a goal.
From MDGs to SDGs
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted in 2000 as a
global ambition to reduce extreme poverty by 2015. They were divided into
8 goals, each tackling a key area of development: poverty, education, child
mortality, gender equality, maternal health, disease, environmental
protection and global partnerships.
Progress was uneven. Millions of people were not reached by the MDGs.
For instance, although income poverty was greatly reduced, roughly 1
billion people still live below the poverty line (under $1.25 a day) and many
face daily challenges of discrimination and exclusion, denying them access
to basic resources, services and opportunity.
One possible reason for the uneven progress is that the level of global
awareness for the MDGs remained low with little popular drive to monitor
and accelerate progress .