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BLM Office of Law Enforcement and Security

c/o National Interagency Fire Center
3833 S. Development Ave.
Boise, ID 83705

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Cover inset photos top to bottom: Anasazi sandal woven with yucca, Anasazi ceramic bird effigy, Hopi polychrome jar, shell bead necklace.
D I R E C T O R ’ S M E S S A G E

William Woody
Director of Law Enforcement and Security
cases, which caused Indian tribes and range from 100 to
degradation to fragile 10,000 years old. The BLM anticipates
geological, archaeological, that additional collections of artifacts
and paleontological stolen from public and tribal lands
resources, were investigated will be forfeited by current and future
on public lands in 2009. suspects. To date, 31 suspects have been
These activities put at risk indicted with two of the suspects already
the safety of the public pleading guilty to Federal felony charges.
and BLM employees who Indictment of additional suspects on
enjoy and work on these multiple counts of violation of ARPA
federally administered and NAGPRA is expected in the near
public lands. Of particular future. In addition to the Four Corners
significance were the arrests investigation, on which more than 100
of multiple suspects as the BLM Special Agents, Rangers, curators,
result of a 2-year undercover and archaeologists have been assigned
investigation (code-named to work during this year, the Agents and
Cerberus Action) in the Rangers have also dealt with numerous
remote Four Corners region other investigations involving spreading
of Arizona, New Mexico, large-scale marijuana cultivation
Colorado, and Utah. This issues; wildland arson; and oil and gas
investigation involved the investigations involving production
In 2009, Bureau of Land Management trafficking of Native American artifacts verification, non-payment of royalties,
(BLM) law enforcement Special Agents looted from archaeological sites and and theft of oil and gas equipment.
and Rangers continued to tackle a wide Native American graves in violation of
range of issues on the 253 million acres the Archaeological Resources Protection The Special Agents and Rangers who
of public lands the BLM manages, mainly Act (ARPA) and the Native American serve in the BLM Law Enforcement
in the Western United States. As the Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Program make up a small part of the
largest land management agency in the (NAGPRA). dedicated BLM employees who work on
Nation, the BLM’s multiple-use mandate a multitude of public lands issues. In
presents a variety of unique challenges Agents from the BLM, Federal Bureau cooperation with Federal, Tribal, State,
for law enforcement personnel and staff. of Investigation, and Internal Revenue and county agencies, the BLM continues
With the population of the West rapidly Service have recovered more than 30,000 to sustain the health, diversity, and
expanding, and the corresponding rise priceless Native American artifacts in six productivity of the public lands for future
in public demand for uses such as rec- States. Artifacts include whole decorated generations.
reation, wildlife, energy and minerals, pottery vessels such as mugs, jars, and
timber, forage, and wilderness areas, the bowls; stone carvings; ceramic effigies;
BLM Law Enforcement Program faces pendants, necklaces, beads, and other
increasing resource protection, public jewelry pieces made from carved shells
land use, and safety issues. and bones; gaming pieces; sandals;
cradle boards; stone tools; and turkey
A number of criminal activities and feather blankets. These artifacts are William C. Woody, Director
unauthorized use “natural resources” affiliated with ancestral southwestern BLM Office of Law Enforcement and Security

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 i
Jeanne Van Lancker – Deputy Director, Operations

significant gains in both natural and

cultural resource protection. Among Jeanne Van Lancker has worked
its accomplishments this year, BLM law for the U.S. Department of Justice and
enforcement continued to tackle the the U.S. Department of Education,
challenges of the rapidly expanding and Offices of Inspector General; National
destructive effects of illegal marijuana Marine Fisheries Service, Office of Law
cultivation in the Northwest, smuggling Enforcement (NMFS OLE); the United
activities in the Southwest borderlands, States Secret Service; and the University
and wildland fires in the Great Basin. In of New Mexico Police Department. She
addition to ensuring public safety on our was a commissioned officer in the U.S.
public lands, these actions have helped Army serving as a Communications/
preserve and protect natural resources Electronics Officer in a petroleum supply
and wildlife that would otherwise be unit. While with NMFS OLE, Ms. Van
severely impacted. Through major Lancker was the Deputy Special Agent-
investigations regarding archaeological in-Charge supervising personnel who
and paleontological artifacts, BLM Special were remotely located across Alaska,
It’s an honor to be part of an agency with Agents and Rangers were instrumental in and was responsible for planning,
such an invaluable mission. Every person preserving irreplaceable objects critical to directing, and coordinating all facets of
working for the BLM made a deliberate the well-being of the Nation’s cultural and their enforcement program. While with
decision by coming here, to play a role in historical identity. the Secret Service, she served on the
protecting our public lands and resources protection detail for the Vice President. In
so that they may be passed on to future I look forward to building on the addition, she coordinated and helped lead
generations. Our hope is that our public tremendous successes accomplished by the Asset Forfeiture curriculum for the
lands resources—treasures both visible the BLM in 2009 and in prior years. As Secret Service, which included conducting
to the eye and also hidden within—can our society continues to change—whether training on financial crimes to foreign law
be appreciated for many centuries and through increasing population, urban enforcement agencies in such places as
even millenniums from now, as they are spread, economic fluctuations, or other Latvia and Poland. She holds a Bachelor
today. This protection task is approached means—there are correlating increases of Arts degree from Marquette University
every day with great responsibility. I in public land usage and misusage. We with a major in Criminology and Law
have witnessed talent, dedication, and a must be dynamic and flexible to match Studies and a minor in Military Science.
work ethic—by BLM employees—that is these changes. We will continually aim
second to none. to improve our organization, promote
pride in our mission, increase our human
In 2009, the investigative efforts capital, and make the agency more
of the BLM and its partners led to effective and efficient overall.

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Felicia Probert – Deputy Director, Policy, Programs, Budget

The primary mission of the national Tactics Refresher training at FLETC’s

law enforcement staff is to provide the Artesia, New Mexico, facility to update
framework for a professional and effective our in-house cadre of control tactics
law enforcement program for the BLM. instructors.
This framework includes policies and
procedures that govern all aspects of Based on changes in Department of
the law enforcement function including the Interior (DOI) policy and lessons
training, firearms, control tactics, program learned through review of our own
performance and evaluation, and strategic specific incidents, updated policies
budget planning and execution. on Managing Critical Incidents and
Serious Incident Reporting and Review
During 2009, the national staff developed were updated and issued. Policy for
and coordinated seven sessions of annual managing critical incidents defines
law enforcement in-service training at roles and responsibilities and provides
three regional locations to ensure that recommended guidelines for on-scene
over 240 Rangers and Special Agents management of a critical incident
met annual training requirements. In involving a Ranger or Special Agent.
conjunction with the BLM’s National Serious incident reporting and review
Training Center, the national office policy updates and brings BLM policy
hosted two sessions of Law Enforcement in line with recently issued DOI policy. reporting system for all law enforcement
for Managers, providing training on components of the various DOI bureaus
the management and supervision of BLM continued to play a lead role in the including the National Park Service and the
the law enforcement function to over development of the Departmentwide U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
30 district and field managers. Fifteen automated Incident Management
new hire Rangers completed the Land Analysis and Reporting System (IMARS). The behind the scenes work of the
Management Police Training Program One member of the national staff national staff is vital to the continued
and 10 Special Agents completed the was assigned full time to the project, effectiveness and efficiency of the BLM’s
Criminal Investigator Training Program serving as chair of the Governance law enforcement program. My personal
at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Council and as the Contracting Officer’s thanks to each and every member of the
Center (FLETC). In conjunction with FLETC, Representative. When complete, IMARS staff for their continued hard work and
the BLM hosted one session of Control will provide a centralized law enforcement dedication.

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Jason Caffey – Chief Ranger

My first full year as the BLM’s National an average of five teams. This year, we
Chief Ranger is behind me and it was a began the expansion of the program and
busy year. The Rangers in the field worked currently have 10 teams certified or in
hard to protect the public lands and its training. The canines are all cross-trained
users in incredibly diverse environments to both protect the Ranger/Handler and
and encountered incidents that ranged apprehend fleeing suspects, as well as to
from archaeological crimes and grave detect the odor of controlled substances.
robbing to drunk driving. From northern The teams work alongside other Rangers
Alaska to southern New Mexico and from in a variety of settings and locations,
the heat of the desert summer to the deep adding to the safety and efficiency of
cold of the northern winter, their dedication the Rangers in the field. Great things
resulted in our public lands being a better, are planned for the BLM’s Police Canine
safer place. Program in 2010.

It was a year of significant growth for Once again, the Rangers and Special remotest areas of the Northwest, patrolling
the Ranger program, with many vacant Agents across the BLM traded their remote millions of acres alone, and the next day
positions being filled and new positions and often solitary patrols for assignments traveling to southern California to patrol
being created. In 2009, approximately to high-visitation events across the public a temporary city of up to 200,000 people
35 new Rangers joined our ranks. All of lands of the Western United States. Several that pops up in the middle of the desert.
those new Rangers then completed the times during the year, the number of The diversity of our work is one of the
Field Training and Evaluation Program visitors to the public lands far exceeds the things I feel makes the job of a BLM Ranger
with BLM’s Field Training Officers (FTOs), ability of the local law enforcement staff one of the very best out there.
marking the first year that the program had to safely patrol them. When that happens,
a sufficient number of FTOs to allow the our officers gather from around the country Day in and day out, BLM Rangers continue
program to be fully implemented. Now we to aid the affected office. Most notable of to carry out the noble mission of protecting
are able to integrate those new Rangers these events are the holiday weekends at both the public lands and the people that
into the BLM’s law enforcement program in the Imperial Sand Dunes Recreation Area use those lands. That work takes many
a much more effective manner. in southern California and the Burning forms, but is often dangerous and always
Man event in northern Nevada’s Black challenging. I look forward to continuing
The BLM’s Police Canine Program is in Rock Desert. Those assignments show my work in their support and am confident
the process of expansion as well. Prior the remarkable diversity in the life of a that their outstanding work will continue
to 2009, the canine program consisted of BLM Ranger. One day they could be in the into the coming year.

iv L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Thomas Huegerich – Chief of Internal Affairs

We are pleased to welcome Thomas Team Leader, he recently received the

Huegerich to the position of Chief Shield of Bravery Award from FBI Director
of Internal Affairs. Mr. Huegerich has Robert Mueller. Mr. Huegerich started his
more than 16 years of law enforcement Federal career in 1988 with the U.S. Forest
experience and joins the BLM after more Service serving as a Wildland Firefighter
than 12 years as a Special Agent at the and Forester in Wyoming and Michigan.
FBI. For the past several years, he has After nearly 2 years with the U.S. Forest
been the Senior Resident Agent covering Service, he transferred to the State of Utah,
western Maryland. While at the FBI, Mr. Department of Natural Resources, where he
Huegerich investigated a wide range of worked as a Fire Warden in 1991 and as a
criminal cases, including public corruption, Utah State Park Ranger in 1993, enforcing
civil rights violations, and narco-terrorism both State and Federal laws throughout
matters. He served for more than 8 years Utah.
on the Baltimore SWAT Team, and as a

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 v
Dan Love – Special Agent of the Year
Specifically, Agent Love was assigned as The many artifacts and other culturally
the lead case agent on a joint undercover significant pieces that have been
investigation conducted by the BLM and recovered in this operation will be
the FBI. The undercover investigation returned to the scientific and Native
(code-named Cerberus Action) American communities. In addition to
targeted suspects who had violated the returning the stolen properties to their
Archaeological Resources Protection rightful owners, a secondary goal of the
Act (ARPA) and the Native American operation was to significantly deter the
Graves Protection and Repatriation Act future dealing and illegal excavation of
(NAGPRA) to illegally obtain numerous stolen artifacts from public lands.
Native American artifacts from the public
lands. The operation was unprecedented, Special Agent Love’s exemplary effort
targeting over 50 persons suspected of on this investigation has brought great
multiple counts of ARPA and NAGPRA credit upon him and the BLM. The illegal
violations in the Four Corners region of removal and destruction of archaeological
the United States. and Native American treasures from
public lands has become a highly lucrative
Dan Love, a Special Agent with the
This investigation could not have been business. The cultural significance of
BLM Utah State Office, is BLM’s Special
completed without the unparalleled the artifacts that were seized is without
Agent of the Year for 2009. Agent Love
dedication of Agent Love and his a doubt of immeasurable value to the
was selected for the award because
coordination with the United States scientific, academic, and Native American
of his outstanding work conducting
Attorney’s Office, and other Special communities.
investigations in the protection of
renewable and non-renewable resources. Agents, BLM Rangers, and archaeologists.

vi L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Eric Boik – Ranger of the Year
Ranger Erik Boik of the BLM-Colorado Rangers. Mobile computing not only
Grand Junction Field Office is BLM’s allows Rangers to access drivers
Ranger of the year for 2009. Ranger license, registration, and warrant
Boik was selected for his outstanding information, but also to display land
leadership qualities demonstrated ownership records using the BLM-
while working across jurisdictional and Colorado State Office geographic
organizational lines with the Mesa information system in real time.
County Sheriff’s Department, Colorado
Division of Wildlife, Colorado State Parks, Ranger Boik’s willingness to go
and the Uncompahgre and Grand Mesa above and beyond the call of duty
National Forests. The Grand Junction Field is exemplified in many areas of
Office enjoys productive relationships his work. As the Field Ranger
between law enforcement, management, Representative on the State Ranger
and program specialists, largely due to Group, he has done a remarkable
Ranger Boik’s communication skills and job representing issues and concerns
willingness to keep management and held at the field level to the
program specialists informed on law leadership team. He consistently
enforcement issues. disseminates information to the field
in a timely and professional manner,
Ranger Boik has demonstrated outstanding and maintains equally effective meetings organized by Ranger Boik to
resolve in developing program innovations relationships with other law enforcement disseminate information and intelligence
by taking a lead role in installing mobile groups and the general public. The Grand to partner agencies in the Grand Junction
computing hardware and software for Junction Field Office enjoys outstanding area. These relationships directly impact
all law enforcement vehicles used by the working relationships with other local, the BLM’s ability to promote public safety
Grand Junction Field Office and McInnis State, and Federal law enforcement and the protection of public lands and
Canyons National Conservation Area organizations as a result of monthly resources.

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 vii
viii L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9

National BLM Law Enforcement Issues.................................................................... 1

Cerberus Action: Combating Exploitation of
Cultural Resources on Public Lands......................................................... 1
Marijuana Cultivation on Public Lands............................................................ 3
Buffalo Soldiers Honored................................................................................ 3
Idaho Wildland Fire Arson Investigations......................................................... 4
Paleontological Resources Preservation Act Passed.......................................... 5

Highlights of BLM Law Enforcement Activities for Fiscal Year 2009.......................... 6

BLM Law Enforcement Activities by State................................................................ 7

Alaska........................................................................................................... 8
Arizona........................................................................................................ 10
California..................................................................................................... 12
Colorado – Eastern States............................................................................ 14
Idaho........................................................................................................... 16
Montana – North Dakota – South Dakota.................................................... 18
Nevada........................................................................................................ 20
New Mexico................................................................................................. 22
Oregon – Washington.................................................................................. 24
Utah ........................................................................................................... 26
Wyoming .................................................................................................. 28

Snapshot: Featured Field Office—Glennallen, Alaska............................................. 31

How to Apply for Jobs with the BLM Office of Law Enforcement and Security......... 33

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 ix

Cerberus Action: sales transactions involving items that

included Anasazi pottery, stone pipes,
crimes, while providing insight in to the
BLM’s intended course of action. “Let
burial and ceremonial masks, as well as this case serve notice to anyone who
Exploitation of
ancient sandals known to be associated is considering breaking these laws and
Cultural Resources
with Native American burials. These trampling our Nation’s cultural heritage
on Public Lands
artifacts had been illegally obtained that the BLM, the Department of Justice,
In the Nation’s largest investigation of by looters from public and tribal lands. and the Federal Government will track
the theft of archaeological resources, Though the sellers readily identified where you down and bring you to justice,” said
law enforcement officers from the BLM, the object or objects for sale had been Salazar. “As these alleged criminals are
the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), retrieved on public lands, they were willing prosecuted and as Federal agents continue
and the U.S. Marshals Service, joined by to provide a “certificate of authenticity” to hunt down wrongdoers, BLM cultural
local and State law enforcement partners, that noted the items were obtained from resources staff will work to ensure the
arrested 31 individuals and executed a private land. proper recovery, identification, repatriation,
dozen search warrants in the Four Corners and storage of the artifacts that have been
region of Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Footage of the transactions revealed confiscated.”
Colorado between June and September a variety of tactics used by the illegal
of 2009. The BLM and FBI initiated the networks in widespread and systematic Defendants have been charged with
undercover investigation, code-named looting of sites on public lands. For multiple counts of violating the
Cerberus Action, in 2007. example, looters were believed to Archaeological Resources Protection Act
have operated at night, camouflaging (ARPA) and the Native American Graves
Characterized as one of the most themselves and their operations by Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA),
significant operations of its kind, the case stashing shovels and backfilling holes. as well as theft of government property,
focused on the full range of participants in Additionally, many were aware of Rangers’ depredation of government property, and
the illegal antiquities trafficking networks, schedules and monitoring cycles. Some theft of Indian tribal property. Agreements
from diggers and dealers that feed the individuals even used helicopters and with three individuals charged in the
market with looted antiquities, to the airplanes to survey the land and locate case included voluntary relinquishment
collectors that drive the market by buying sites from the air, and then hike into the of their entire artifact collections. These
and amassing large collections of these backcountry or use off-highway vehicles to relinquishments resulted in the recovery of
objects. The archaeological sites in the access the sites. thousands of significant artifacts, Native
four States impacted by unauthorized American human remains, and objects
excavations, and the artifacts taken from On June 10, 2009, the case became public sacred to tribes. The remaining defendants
these sites and trafficked, are invaluable to when 24 indictments were unsealed and have pleaded not guilty and their trials will
the Native American tribes whose culture 180 Federal law enforcement officers be scheduled in 2010.
and legacy these items represent. These arrived in Blanding, Utah; Durango and
irreplaceable treasures are meaningful Grand Junction, Colorado; Santa Fe, New The BLM has an ongoing commitment to
not only to Native Americans, but to all Mexico; and other locations. Officers enforce its mandates under ARPA, which
Americans as they represent the heritage arrested these individuals and executed includes protecting the archaeological
of our Nation. search warrants. Immediately following resources on Federal lands from
the joint arrests, Secretary of the Interior unauthorized excavation and removal, and
Using a confidential source in 2007 and Ken Salazar, Assistant Secretary for Indian the unlawful sale, purchase, or exchange
2008, the BLM and FBI purchased over Affairs Larry Echohawk, Deputy Attorney of such resources. Similarly, the BLM will
250 stolen artifacts totaling more than General David Ogden, U.S. Attorney continually enforce its mandates under
$335,000. The agencies’ source was a Brett Tolman, and FBI Special Agent-in- NAGPRA. This includes the repatriation
well-connected dealer who permitted Charge Timothy Fuhrman held a joint to Indian tribes of any Native American
the installation of various video and press conference in Salt Lake City. In his human remains, funerary objects,
audio recorders in his place of business. statement to the press, Secretary Salazar objects of cultural patrimony, and sacred
Recordings provided information on illegal reinforced the gravity of the alleged objects. The BLM will consult with tribes

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 1
to determine cultural affiliation and to story of all kinds of people, representing by these illegal activities. Investigators
facilitate repatriation of the stolen artifacts. nearly every cultural tradition and ethnicity working on Cerberus Action targeted
For objects not subject to NAGPRA, present in American society. The BLM will suspects who violated ARPA and NAGPRA
the agency will work with museums to continue to address the urgent need to laws, in most cases over decades, to
stabilize, identify, and preserve them under preserve these resources for their scientific illegally obtain numerous Indian artifacts
the provisions of ARPA and make them and cultural significance. from the public lands. The investigation
available for scientific research and public has resulted in leads to additional looters,
education. The stealing and destruction of expert dealers in stolen property, and
archaeological and Native American opportunistic buyers in the United States
Cerberus Action represents an important treasures from public lands has become and throughout the world. The BLM
collaboration between law enforcement a highly lucrative business. By pursuing law enforcement and cultural staff will
and cultural resource specialists. The those who participated in the illicit continue to work cooperatively with the
cultural resources on western public lands networks and returning the artifacts to FBI and U.S. Attorney’s Office both in
represent almost all major periods and the Native American tribes and the public, following through with this investigation
events in the broad sweep of human the BLM and FBI have taken important and adjudication, as well as in future
occupation in the West. They tell the steps in addressing the damage inflicted cases that may occur.

BLM archaeologists and law enforcement personnel conducting a damage assessment of a looted archaeological site.

2 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Cultivation on Public
The cultivation of marijuana on public
lands continues to threaten the safety of
public land users, as well as the integrity
of the lands themselves. In 2009, 674,935
marijuana plants were seized on public
lands administered by the BLM, an increase
of 25 percent over the previous year. As in
prior years, evidence indicates that Mexican
drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) are
primarily responsible for this large-scale
destruction on public lands in California,
Oregon, Washington, and Idaho.

Temperate climates on the west coast have

nurtured what has become a booming
marijuana market. To accurately convey throughout the West are combining Buffalo Soldiers
the impacts to America’s public lands is a forces to counteract drug cartel activities Honored
challenge in itself; the natural resources in an effort to protect the public and the
and wildlife are severely impacted from natural resources as the DTOs expand In July 2009, BLM law enforcement
the marijuana cultivation activities of their marijuana operations. It is these joined the Departments of the Interior
the DTOs. The major use of imported interagency partnerships, in addition to and Veterans Affairs to participate in a
fertilizers, propane, and other hazardous a well-informed public, that will help the repatriation ceremony honoring soldiers
materials leads to soil degradation, habitat United States in deterring the increase of and civilian men, women, and children
destruction, polluted water resources, large-scale marijuana operations on its whose bodies had been buried in a military
and even permanent loss of vegetation public lands. cemetery in the 1800s, and discovered and
in segments of previously pristine exhumed in 2007 due to criminal looting
Federal lands and forests. The amount of A recent law enforcement action in south- activity being investigated by the BLM.
equipment, hazardous materials, and other western Idaho demonstrates the effective- BLM Special Agents began the criminal
unauthorized improvements remaining on ness of communication and collaboration. investigation regarding the potential
the land (such as make-shift structures, A marijuana garden was discovered by looting of gravesites at the historic Fort
sleeping quarters, trash pits, sanitation private citizens hiking in a remote section of Craig Cemetery in southern New Mexico
facilities, and extensive irrigation systems) Owyhee County, and upon recognizing signs in 2005. Though the case was initiated
following the eradication of a marijuana of marijuana cultivation, they contacted in response to a casual tip, investigative
“garden” create an enormous and costly authorities. On June 5, 2009, officers from efforts resulted in the discovery and
burden on the BLM or relevant land the BLM and the Owyhee County Sheriff’s exhumation of 64 sets of human remains.
steward. Office raided the garden, eradicating 12,545
marijuana plants with an estimated street Fort Craig was built in 1854 and played a
With funding received in 2009, the BLM value of $6.3 million. Through increased significant role in the Civil War and Indian
added 10 new Special Agent positions in public education, monitoring, and partner- Wars. In 1862, more than 100 Union
the Western States to increase its capability ships, BLM law enforcement will continue troops were killed defending the Fort
to investigate and eradicate marijuana to tackle the challenges of the rapidly against Texas Confederates in the Battle
cultivation activities. Additionally, local, expanding and destructive effects of illegal of Valverde and were subsequently buried
county, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies marijuana gardens. in the Fort Craig Cemetery. After the war,

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 3
resulting cost increases to taxpayers, BLM-
Idaho law enforcement formed a task force
with the Shoshone-Bannock Tribe and
Power and Bannock Counties over
3 years ago. Although the number of arson-
related fire investigations is still on the rise,
significant milestones and advances were
achieved through the program in 2009.

In January, a Federal jury found a Parma,

Idaho, resident guilty of six different fires
that burned approximately 1,200 acres
of private and public lands in Payette and
Canyon Counties during July and August
the Army conducted military operations with archaeologists to examine the 2007. Testimony during the 4-day trial
against the Apache tribes in an effort to Cemetery for signs of additional bodies, linked the individual to the fires through
protect local settlements. War with the and eventually discovered the remains of physical evidence, including tire and
Indians abated in the 1880s and finally, 64 individuals. To protect the remains from boot prints; statements of eyewitnesses;
in 1885, Fort Craig was permanently vandals, they were moved to a properly and cell phone and employment records.
abandoned. maintained cemetery in Santa Fe. Of Investigators determined that each day a
these remains, the identities of only three fire was ignited, it happened shortly after
All known remains from the Fort Craig persons were documented. Each identified the defendant got off work in Parma.
Cemetery were moved to other cemeteries individual was a Civil War-era Buffalo They later learned that the defendant was
in two exhumations and reburials, one Soldier, members of all-black regiments of the person who actually reported two
that took place in 1878 and the other the Army who served at remote outposts of the fires, although he did not identify
in 1886. Until recently, the assumption on the Western frontier in the years after himself by name or mention that he was
was that the Cemetery was empty. The the Civil War. a volunteer member of the Parma Fire
possibility that the military had left bodies Department, which would respond to
behind came to light in November 2004, On July 28, 2009, National Buffalo the scene. The BLM and U.S. Attorney’s
when a retired Federal historian came into Soldier Day, BLM law enforcement staff Office assisted in the investigation by the
the Bureau of Reclamation’s Albuquerque participated in the reburial services for FBI Crime Laboratory, the U.S. Marshals
office to review documents. He mentioned the three soldiers. Each soldier was given Service, Canyon County Sheriff’s Office,
having viewed the mummified remains of full military honors and reburied at the Payette County Sheriff’s Office, and
a Buffalo Soldier in a colleague’s home, Santa Fe National Cemetery. The remains Middleton Fire Department.
adding that these were allegedly acquired of the other 61 people were unidentified,
from the Fort Craig Cemetery sometime yet were believed to have been soldiers, At the first felony trial for wildland arson in
in the 1970s. A visit to the Cemetery women, and children who lived at the Fort. Idaho in May, the individual was sentenced
revealed signs of looting, which initiated On June 23, 2009, the unknown remains to 72 months in Federal prison for six
the opening of a criminal case. Led by the were also reburied in a separate ceremony felony counts of illegally setting fires on
BLM, the investigation was a collaborative at the Santa Fe National Cemetery. public lands. He was also ordered to
effort among numerous additional law serve 3 years of supervised release after
enforcement agencies including the FBI, completion of his prison term, and to pay
Idaho Wildland Fire
New Mexico State Police, Sierra and over $155,000 in restitution costs to the
Arson Investigations
Bernalillo County Sheriff’s Departments, BLM and Parma Rural Fire Protection for
and the U.S. Attorney’s Office in New Alleged wildland arson fires burn firefighting costs, in addition to damage to
Mexico. thousands of acres of public lands over the private property. This was the first Federal
summer months, ranging in size from 10 jury trial, conviction, and sentencing of an
Throughout the investigation, law to 10,000 acres. In response to increased arsonist on BLM lands in Idaho.
enforcement personnel worked closely regional arson-related fires, and the

4 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
In another case in 2009, two Idaho Falls found throughout many of the Nation’s
residents were sentenced in March for public lands, and the law provides specific
setting a wildfire that occurred on public provisions addressing management of
lands in eastern Idaho in 2003. Both men these resources by the BLM and other
pled guilty to the charges in November Federal land management agencies.
2008. One defendant was sentenced to
14 months in Federal prison for one felony The PRPA affirms the authority for many of
count of setting a wildfire. The Chief U.S. the policies the BLM already has in place
District Court also ordered the defendant for the management of paleontological
to serve 3 years of supervised release after resources, such as issuing permits for
he completes his prison term. The sec- collecting paleontological resources,
ond defendant was sentenced to 3 years curation of paleontological resources, and
probation, of which 3 months were to be confidentiality of locality data. Importantly,
home detention with electronic monitor- the law provides more authority for the
ing, for one misdemeanor count of setting protection of paleontological resources on
a fire. The lesser charge for this defendant Federal lands including criminal and civil
resulted from his early cooperation in penalties for fossil theft and vandalism.
the case. Both men were ordered to pay
over $167,000 in restitution for damages BLM-Montana Special Agents were actively
to utilities and for the full costs of the investigating various cases related to the
firefighting effort. The 2,766 acre wildfire, theft or destruction of significant scientific
which started on July 19, 2003, burned a and historical resources prior to the
5-mile section of utility poles. The fire was passing of the PRPA. With the additional
intentionally set using fireworks as the authority provided through the Act, BLM-
ignition device. Montana Special Agents became the first
Federal law enforcement officers to serve
During the investigation, BLM Special
a warrant under the authority of the PRPA,
Agents elicited the help of a Special Agent
just weeks within the passing of the law.
from the Department of Energy, Office
of the Inspector General, as the wildfire
In another case, the investigators’ work
burned on land of the Idaho National
resulted in felony convictions of a world-
Laboratory west of Idaho Falls.
renowned amateur paleontologist for theft
of paleontological resources. As the theft
Paleontological occurred on both public and private lands,
Resources the individual was charged and convicted
Preservation Act in both Federal and State courts.
The Paleontological Resources Preservation Under the PRPA, the BLM will establish
Act (PRPA), passed on March 30 as part programs that increase public awareness
of the Omnibus Public Land Management about the significance of paleontological
Act of 2009, requires the Secretaries resources. Additionally, the BLM now has
of the Departments of the Interior and the authority to offer rewards to members
Agriculture to manage and protect of the public who help the BLM prosecute
paleontological resources on Federal land. these types of illegal activities on public
Valuable paleontological resources are lands.

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 5
Highlights of BLM Law Enforcement Activities
for Fiscal Year 2009
In Fiscal Year 2009, 26,308 BLM law enforcement incidents were reported;
17,049 of those resulted in enforcement action.a
Incident Number (except as noted)
Thefts 342
Theft Enforcement Actions 184
ARPAb or Paleontological 30
Minerals 15
Timber 71
All Other Natural Resources 51
Vandalism 769
Vandalism Enforcement Actions 191
ARPAb or Paleontological 54
All Other Natural Resources 471
Fire Incidents (Non-Arson) 717
Fire Incident Actions (Non-Arson) 621
Fire Incidents (Arson) 41
Fire Enforcement Actions (Arson) 5
Off-Highway Vehicles 5,409
Off-Highway Vehicle Enforcement Actions 4,745
DUIc 142
Search and Rescue 213
Drug 1,142
Drug Enforcement Actions 979
Marijuana Sale and Manufacture 224
Marijuana Possession 682
Marijuana Seizures:
Processed (in pounds) 14,487 (lbs)
Plants 705,317
Wild Horse and Burro 79
Hazardous Materials 74
Hazardous Materials Enforcement Actions 30
Occupancy Trespass 375
Occupancy Trespass Enforcement Actions 323
Law Enforcement Officers 8
Government Employees Non-Law Enforcement 16
Public 26

a Enforcement Action = Written Warning, Citation, Criminal Complaint, Arrest, Grand Jury
Indictment, Administrative or Civil Remedy
b Archaeological Resources Protection Act
c Driving Under the Influence

6 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 7
Alaska State Office
222 W. 7th Avenue, #13
Anchorage, AK 99513
Phone: 907-271-6622
Fax: 907-271-4587

8 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Across the vast and magnificent landscapes of While the overall incidence of urban-type crimes
“America’s Last Frontier,” the job of protecting the such as car theft, identity theft, and destruction of
treasured resources of Alaska’s public lands—and public and private property have been on the rise
those who visit these lands—presents unique and in areas where there is wildland-urban interface,
daunting challenges. intensified BLM law enforcement activities are
producing results. For example, BLM’s Anchorage
BLM law enforcement has jurisdiction over more Field Office has made significant strides in
than 80 million acres of public lands that are protecting the property of visitors to recreation sites.
subject to a variety of Federal and State laws and Increased security measures at BLM parking lots
regulations. BLM Rangers often must travel by all- and trailheads, along with vigorous investigation
terrain vehicles, by motorized and non-motorized of criminal activity, have produced a 30 percent
watercraft, and by airplane and helicopter to ensure decrease in the incidence of theft from automobile
public safety and protect public resources, even to break-ins. Investigation of theft from motor vehicles
the far reaches of the Arctic wilderness. in Anchorage resulted in 24 felony charges filed
against four defendants who were convicted of
While these lands comprise some of the most crimes including theft, identity theft, and fraudulent
rugged and remote landscapes on the continent, use of credit cards. While assisting the BLM Special
the wild and uncharted character of Alaska’s public Agent in Fairbanks, BLM Rangers investigated
lands, with their breathtaking natural beauty, additional vehicle break-ins and subsequently filed
continue to attract increasing numbers of visitors. five felony State charges.
Despite the growing public presence on the public
lands, and the increasing complexity of its duties, Other priorities in 2009 focused on two areas of
BLM Alaska law enforcement continues to meet the ongoing concern for BLM Law Enforcement: the
extraordinary challenges of its mission. presence of private cabins located in trespass
on public lands, and violations associated with
In 2009, the Special Agents of the Alaska State subsistence hunting rights. Glennallen Field Office
Office law enforcement team conducted a variety Rangers were involved in the removal of 64 trespass
of investigations into criminal activity ranging from cabins, and identified and posted several more for
vehicle theft to interstate transportation of stolen removal in the future. Joint investigations with
property. the Alaska State Troopers uncovered more than 30
criminal offenses relating to fraudulent application
In one particularly complex investigation, BLM for hunting licenses. To date, six citations have been
Special Agents were successful in uncovering illegal issued and two criminal cases are pending.
outfitting and guiding operations involving the
theft of artifacts from the public lands in violation The BLM Alaska law enforcement staff totals eight
of the Archaeological Resources Protection Act. employees, including the only Ranger pilot in the
The investigation led to the recovery of several Bureau.
fossils and one intact mammoth tusk. Other
Federal charges are pending from unrelated crimes
discovered during the execution of search warrants.

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Arizona State Office
One North Central Avenue
Suite 800
Phoenix, AZ 85004
Phone: 602-417-9339
Fax: 602-417-9545

10 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Along Arizona’s 370-mile border with Mexico, BLM contributed significantly to unraveling the technical
law enforcement continues to play an increasingly complexities associated with the case and aiding
pivotal role in issues of homeland security. prosecution by the U.S. Attorney’s Office.
Foremost among these issues are the smuggling of
undocumented aliens and illegal drugs across the In the Kingman Field Office, Special Agents and
international border. Rangers halted a rash of thefts of government
property from BLM facilities, successfully recovering
During 2009, law enforcement agencies working stolen property and obtaining prosecution of the
cooperatively along the southwest border seized individuals responsible for the crimes.
an all-time record amount of marijuana with more
than 1 million pounds confiscated, according to the In the Colorado River District, BLM law enforcement
U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Much of this focused on ensuring compliance with laws and
drug traffic passed through BLM lands, particularly regulations for public safety, a concern underscored
the Ironwood Forest and Sonoran Desert National by the occurrence of tragic boating accidents and
Monuments. BLM Special Agents and Rangers were other safety-related incidents.
responsible for seizing more than 13,000 pounds of
marijuana, while apprehending and subsequently BLM Rangers and Special Agents conducted training
indicting more than a dozen individuals involved in sessions for Federal, Tribal, State, and local agencies
smuggling operations. in the enforcement of ARPA and in the enforcement
of other laws and regulations relating to natural
Another ongoing concern of BLM Arizona law resources.
enforcement has been the theft or destruction of
valuable artifacts on the public lands in violation of As a participating agency in the operation of
the Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA). the Phoenix Law Enforcement Dispatch Center,
Following on a large multiagency undercover BLM law enforcement is also contributing to the
investigation in the Four Corners region, BLM law modernization and improvement of communications
enforcement and the Internal Revenue Service serving agencies of the Department of the Interior
joined in the investigation of a major case involving and the USDA Forest Service operating across
theft and destruction of artifacts in Arizona. The southern Arizona.
specialized expertise of BLM archaeologists

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2800 Cottage Way
Suite W-1623
Sacramento, CA 95825
Phone: 916-978-4450
Fax: 916-978-4455

12 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
California, the Nation’s most populous State with of more than 40 suspects and the seizure and
more than 36 million residents, is one of the premier destruction of more than 500,000 marijuana plants.
destinations in the United States for tourism. With BLM law enforcement also conducted operations
BLM lands offering some of the most magnificent against drug-related criminal activity that included
venues for recreation and tourism, the agency the smuggling of illegal aliens, firearms violations,
plays an important role in this vital industry and and drug-related violence.
in the quality of life found in California. BLM
law enforcement is dedicated to ensuring that In combating criminal activity, BLM law enforcement
citizens may use and visit their public lands safely, also helps ensure the safety and security of the
responsibly, and lawfully. vast majority of citizens who use the public lands
responsibly for hunting, fishing, camping, and a
In 2009, significant activities by BLM law variety of family recreation activities.
enforcement included protection of public lands
resources, investigation of land fraud, enforcement California BLM partners with county, State, and
of the Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act, Federal agencies to coordinate “interagency
action against the illegal dumping of hazardous task forces” to investigate criminal activity on
materials, and protection of the archaeological public lands. BLM law enforcement currently has
resources of the public lands from theft and cooperative agreements with 31 counties and 17
destruction. other State and Federal agencies within California.

Illegal drug production and trafficking on the public BLM law enforcement also added three Special
lands continues to be a major focus of BLM law Agents to its team, assigning them to the areas of
enforcement. In 2009, BLM operations against Ukiah, Sonora, and Fresno, to enhance the BLM’s
the organized cultivation of marijuana by Mexican investigative capabilities with an emphasis on illegal
drug trafficking organizations resulted in the arrest drug activities.

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Colorado and
Eastern States
2850 Youngfield Street
Lakewood, CO 80215
Phone: 303-239-3802
Fax: 303-239-3896

14 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Jeanne M. Proctor
BLM–Colorado welcomed new leadership to the law enforcement program. Special Agent
Jeanne M. Proctor was promoted to Special Agent-in-Charge for Colorado and the Eastern
States in August 2009. Ms. Proctor joined BLM 8 years ago and has experience working on
resource cases, special events, and assignments within Colorado and the Eastern States. Prior
to the BLM, she served as a Security Specialist for the Internal Revenue Service and Supervisory
Police Officer for the Department of Commerce. Additionally, Ms. Proctor served in the U.S.
Army, achieving the rank of Captain as a combat support Military Police Officer. She holds a
Master’s Degree in public administration with added post-graduate work in regional land-use
planning and a PhD in education with a focus on natural and cultural resource interpretation.

Colorado — Eastern States

BLM Special Agents and Rangers serving Colorado regulations relevant to hunting, and particularly
and the Eastern States encountered a variety of law big game hunting, on the public lands. Colorado’s
enforcement issues in 2009, many of them related extensive hunting seasons and diverse trophy
to the exploitation of natural and cultural resources species—including an elk population twice as
on the public lands. As such cases grow in scope large as that of any other State—continue to
and complexity, BLM law enforcement has sought attract increasing numbers of recreational hunters.
to foster increased public awareness and support Unfortunately, the State’s hunting opportunities also
for resource protection, while working to strengthen attract those who would unlawfully take advantage
partnerships with the Department of Justice U.S. of these resources for profit, including poachers,
Attorneys’ Offices and other Federal, State, and illegal outfitters, and others. Enforcement of laws
county law enforcement agencies. and regulations related to hunting on public lands
has become a growing part of the workload of
In August 2009, the BLM Colorado-Eastern States virtually every BLM Ranger.
law enforcement program participated with BLM
law enforcement personnel from other States in the To serve the interests of the visiting public and to
Four Corners region—along with law enforcement ensure quality recreational experiences for all who
agencies at the local, State, and Federal levels—in visit the public lands, BLM law enforcement has
a massive investigation into the theft and trafficking also been working to minimize the incidence of
of prehistoric cultural resources from public lands. trespassing and illegal occupation of public lands by
industry workers, outfitter guides, and others.
In the course of the investigation, BLM Special
Agents and Rangers devoted hundreds of hours During 2009, law enforcement personnel provided
examining digitally recorded data and records, and guidance and enforcement strategies to support
deciphering the interrelationships linking trafficking managers and resource specialists in updating
operations within the State of Colorado to those resource management plans. To ensure compliance
operating internationally. with the provisions of the Wild Free-Roaming Horses
and Burros Act, BLM law enforcement aggressively
The investigation led to the identification and pursued and prosecuted cases of animal abuse and
development of felony-level evidence against more neglect.
than a dozen suspects throughout Colorado. The
seizure of illegally obtained archaeological resources The BLM Colorado–Eastern States law enforcement
and forensic evidence may lead to additional targets team consists of 5 Special Agents, 14 Rangers, an
in this ongoing multi-State investigation. Investigative Technician, a State Staff Ranger, and
a Special Agent-in-Charge. The law enforcement
Another major area of emphasis for BLM law program filled all position vacancies in 2009 in
enforcement in 2009 related to laws and Grand Junction and the San Juan area.

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Idaho State Office
1387 S. Vinnell Way
Boise, ID 83709
Phone: 208-373-4024
Fax: 208-373-4026

16 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
BLM law enforcement services in Idaho are as varied there is evidence of negligence or criminal intent,
as the landscapes of the State’s 12 million acres investigations can also lead to prosecution and
of public lands and as diverse as the many public recovery of the costs of firefighting and damage to
uses and activities the public lands support. These property.
services include providing safe and responsible
recreational opportunities for the rapidly growing Two of the BLM’s most significant recent
population of Idaho and it’s many visitors by investigations of fire trespass saw final disposition
ensuring compliance with laws and regulations in 2009. One of these cases, involving a series of
governing activities such as camping, hunting, off- wildfires set in Payette and Canyon Counties in
highway vehicle use, and the special restrictions that the summer of 2007, culminated in the first ever
apply to recreational activities in wilderness areas. Federal jury trial and conviction for arson committed
on BLM lands in Idaho. The defendant in the case,
BLM law enforcement investigates and takes action a volunteer firefighter, was sentenced to a 6-year
against unlawful activity that threatens public prison term and ordered to pay more than $150,000
safety or public resources, including illegal dumping in restitution of firefighting costs and damage to
of hazardous substances or other waste, theft of property.
mineral resources or other natural resources, and
theft or damage to cultural and heritage artifacts In the second major case closed in 2009, involving
found on public lands. a wildfire found to have been intentionally set in
2003 near Idaho Falls, Pocatello’s U.S. District Court
In addition to their criminal investigation duties, sentenced one defendant, who pleaded guilty to
BLM Special Agents also serve an increasingly one felony count, to a prison term of 14 months. A
critical role in the BLM’s fire management program second defendant, who had cooperated in the case,
in Idaho, one of the largest and most complex in received a lesser sentence and both defendants
the Nation. Wildfire management is especially were ordered to pay more than $160,000 in
challenging due to the volatile fuel conditions restitution of firefighting costs and damage to
and difficult terrain of the Idaho landscape. Each property. The investigation and sentencing allowed
year, Idaho’s fire management team responds to BLM Special Agents to close approximately 22 open
an average of 330 wildfires that damage natural fire cases attributed to the defendants.
resources and often pose a threat to the lives of
firefighters and citizens alike and to communities In another significant law enforcement action,
and private property. BLM Special Agents worked with officers from
the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration and
In conjunction with the BLM’s fire trespass program, other agencies in targeting marijuana suppliers
Special Agents conduct investigations that help and growers operating in southwestern Idaho and
identify specific fire causes and behaviors that can eastern Oregon. The investigation led to the arrest
be addressed through a targeted fire prevention of 11 suspects and the destruction of more than
program. In cases of human-caused fires where 38,000 marijuana plants.

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Montana State Office
5001 Southgate Drive
Billings, MT 59101
Phone: 406-896-5010
Fax: 406-896-5291

18 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Montana – North Dakota – and South Dakota
Beneath the “Big Sky” of Montana and across the BLM Special Agents and Rangers joined local law
Great Plains of the Dakotas, the BLM manages 8 enforcement officers investigating the theft of
million acres of public lands. These widely scattered timber from public lands near Ennis, Montana. The
parcels—most of them far removed from cities and investigation led to the identification of suspects
towns—offer boundless opportunities for relaxation in the theft, and the case has been presented for
and solitude, for recreation and adventure. At prosecution. In another joint law enforcement
the same time, the remote and isolated nature of operation, a BLM Special Agent and officers
these lands presents a challenge for those who from the Lewis and Clark County Sheriff’s Office
are responsible for ensuring public safety, while in Montana continue their investigation into a
protecting the resources of the public lands. wildland fire near Helena believed to have been
caused by human activity.
During 2009, significant BLM law enforcement
activities included joint investigations with In 2009, Montana and Dakotas law enforcement
State and local law enforcement into the theft personnel again assisted with enforcement activities
of paleontological and archaeological artifacts, at the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally in South Dakota.
investigation into human-caused wildland fire, and Begun in 1938, the annual event now attracts more
support for high-profile public events attracting than a half million participants each year. Duties of
many thousands of visitors. the BLM Rangers included patrolling the Fort Mead
Recreation Area, adjacent to Sturgis.
In April, BLM Special Agents executed Federal
search warrants issued under the authority of the BLM Rangers from Montana and Wyoming also
Paleontological Resources Preservation Act in a provided law enforcement presence for a gather of
case stemming from the removal of paleontological wild horses from the Pryor Mountain range along
resources from public lands during the previous the States’ border, conducted to maintain the herd
summer. The BLM closed another such case population at levels that support the health of the
with the sentencing of a prominent amateur animals, as well as the health of the landscape.
paleontologist convicted on State and Federal While the subject of some public opposition, the
charges in the theft and transport of artifacts from gather was conducted without incident or law
private and public lands. enforcement action.

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Nevada State Office
1340 Financial Blvd.
Reno, NV 89502
Phone: 775-861-6446
Fax: 775-861-6512

20 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
In Nevada, the public lands managed by the BLM a multiagency task force created to deal with law
comprise roughly 68 percent of the State’s total land enforcement issues across public lands managed
area. This proportion of BLM managed lands—the by the BLM, the National Park Service, the U.S. Fish
highest of all States—in many ways defines the and Wildlife Service, and the USDA Forest Service.
relationship of Nevada residents and visitors to the
public lands. On the more remote reaches of the public lands
in the Ely District of eastern Nevada, BLM law
The State’s rapid population growth—ranking enforcement Rangers are part of a multiagency
eighth among all States, along with tourism and patrol of newly designated wilderness areas. These
recreation resources that attract millions of visitors areas, with critical habitat for trophy class mule
each year—means more intense use of the public deer and elk, have seen an increase in conflicts
lands and greater responsibilities for BLM law among recreational hunters and those engaged in
enforcement. The BLM’s Sand Mountain Recreation other recreational activities. BLM law enforcement
Area in Churchill County, for example, represents has been instrumental in resolving conflicts by
one of the Nation’s most popular venues for off- educating hunters and other recreationists about
highway vehicle recreation. Over the past 15 years, the new wilderness designation, boundaries,
recreational use has tripled to more than 70,000 and prohibitions on the use of mechanized and
annual visitors. Throughout 2009, BLM assigned motorized vehicles.
43 law enforcement officers to the area to provide
special emphasis on public safety and compliance BLM Nevada law enforcement has also been active
with laws and regulations governing use of the in combating the production and trafficking of
recreation area. illegal drugs. Actions included the discovery and
destruction of marijuana gardens operated on public
In northern Nevada, the BLM manages the Black lands by Mexican drug trafficking operations and a
Rock Desert High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails 2-year investigation into marijuana trafficking by a
National Conservation Area. This area is host to the drug ring operated in Nevada and California. More
annual Burning Man Festival—the largest permitted than a dozen suspects were arrested and are being
recreational event anywhere on BLM-managed prosecuted as a result of that case.
lands. In 2009, the 10-day event attracted more
than 43,000 participants. The BLM assigned 45 In fiscal year 2009, the BLM Nevada law
law enforcement officers to work with other law enforcement program consisted of 5 Special
enforcement agencies during the event. Agents and 23 Rangers. The program documented
more than 3,000 incidents involving public safety
The public lands adjacent to Las Vegas are among or unlawful activity, issued approximately 1,600
the State’s most popular tourism and recreation citations, and conducted 21 felony arrests.
destinations. Two National Conservation Areas,
Sloan Canyon and Red Rock Canyon, together The program continued its emphasis on cooperation
attract more than 1 million visitors each year. and partnership with other law enforcement
BLM law enforcement services help to ensure agencies, entering into patrol agreements with five
lawful activity on these lands for the protection of County Sheriff’s offices and two agreements for
resources and the safety and security of visitors. multiagency dispatch services.
BLM law enforcement officers also participate in

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New Mexico State
301 Dinosaur Trail
Santa Fe, NM 87508
Phone: 505-761-8939
Fax: 505-761-8723

22 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Noel Wagner
BLM New Mexico is proud to welcome law enforcement veteran Noel Wagner as the new Special
Agent-in-Charge. Mr. Wagner began his career in Federal law enforcement 16 years ago with the
United States Park Police, where his assignments included service as a Field Training Officer and
undercover work in the agency’s Narcotics and Vice unit. In 1997, he transferred to the BLM as a
law enforcement Ranger, assigned to the Barstow Field Office in southern California. During his
tenure in Barstow, Mr. Wagner was responsible for law enforcement duties within several large
off-highway vehicle areas, while also investigating a variety of resource protection crimes throughout
the California Desert District. In 2001, he transferred to the El Centro Field Office as a Special Agent,
where his duties included details at the Glamis Sand Dunes, along with border interdiction operations
and marijuana cultivation cases in and around the Imperial Valley. For the last 6 years, Mr. Wagner has
been assigned to the New Mexico State Office leading investigations that focused on cultural and natural resource
protection. Mr. Wagner holds a Bachelors Degree in the Administration of Justice from the University of Pittsburgh.

New Mexico
The BLM New Mexico State Office manages public In northwestern New Mexico, the Rural Crimes
lands and mineral estate throughout New Mexico, Initiative (RCI), a partnership between BLM law
Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas, presenting BLM law enforcement and the San Juan County Sheriff’s
enforcement with a wide-ranging and diverse array office, continued to make progress in combating
of responsibilities. illegal activity against oil and gas operations and
other rural crimes. During 2009, the work of the
Major law enforcement priorities in 2009 included RCI resulted in the apprehension of suspects on
protection of the cultural and heritage treasures of a variety of charges including larceny, burglary,
the public lands, stepped up enforcement to support environmental offenses, and possession and
a Rural Crimes Initiative, and joint law enforcement distribution of methamphetamines.
operations along the international border with
Mexico to combat illegal drug trafficking and related The BLM law enforcement program also remains
criminal activity. active and committed to the fight against
domestic marijuana production, through continued
In the summer of 2009, the BLM law enforcement coordination with the USDA Forest Service,
program assisted with the multi-State and Narcotics Task Force, and New Mexico National
multiagency operation targeted against large-scale Guard.
theft and trafficking of archaeological resources
in the Four Corners region. With the assistance of For the BLM Special Agent assigned to Moore,
several agency partners, BLM Special Agents served Oklahoma, duties include investigation of oil and
search warrants on the residences of suspected gas theft and violations of the Wild Free-Roaming
illegal artifact dealers in the Santa Fe area, resulting Horses and Burros Act. Significant cases in 2009
in the seizure of evidence related to the illicit trade. included a felony conviction in Oklahoma State
District Court on a charge of severe abuse of an
The BLM closed another archaeological case in 2009 animal, and participation in a special task force
with the official reinterment of human remains from focusing on production accountability in oil and gas
more than 60 graves that had been looted and operations.
desecrated in the Fort Craig Cemetery. This 4-year
investigation resulted in the positive identification In Santa Fe, BLM’s resident Ranger developed and
of three Buffalo Soldiers whose graves had been supervised special initiatives to improve protection
desecrated and their remains removed by looters. In of public lands and resources from the impact of
the course of the investigation, the remains of the activities such as large-scale dumping of waste and
three soldiers were recovered and reinterred at the unlawful off-highway vehicle activity on closed or
Santa Fe National Cemetery. restricted lands.

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Oregon State Office
333 S.W. First Avenue
Portland, OR 97204
Phone: 503-808-6350
Fax: 503-808-6356

24 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
Oregon – Washington
BLM law enforcement officers in Oregon and BLM law enforcement contributed to improved
Washington deal with a broad range of issues public safety for the millions of visitors engaged
associated with the safety and security of the public, in recreational activities on the public lands
the protection of resources, and the enforcement of by strengthening compliance with regulations
laws and regulations governing the public lands. concerning off-highway vehicle use and camping
and prohibitions against the illegal use of alcohol
Among these varied law enforcement activities, and drugs on public lands.
an ongoing priority is the growing incidence of
drug production and drug trafficking on public During 2009, BLM law enforcement documented
lands. Enhanced funding in 2009 allowed BLM law more than 2,000 incidents related to resource
enforcement to support cooperative agreements protection, public safety, or unlawful activity;
with seven county partners for operations that issued more than 900 citations; and arrested
helped to investigate and dismantle large-scale nearly 60 felony suspects. In pursuit of its mission,
marijuana cultivation operations. the BLM law enforcement program continues to
enlist the cooperation and partnership of other
In 2009, law enforcement officers seized and law enforcement agencies and to participate in
destroyed more than 130,000 marijuana plants interagency task forces and operations.
being cultivated by drug traffickers and arrested
more than 40 suspects. Subsequent investigations In 2009, the BLM in Oregon and Washington
by the BLM and its local and Federal partners led to gained additional leadership and law enforcement
the arrest and prosecution of leading figures in the capability. After serving 5 years as the Deputy
drug trafficking organizations. Director of Law Enforcement in Washington, DC,
Keith Aller assumed the post of Special Agent-
Other BLM law enforcement services in 2009 in-Charge at the Office of Law Enforcement and
included responding to the emergency medical Security in Portland, Oregon.
needs of public land visitors, assisting county
sheriff’s departments in search and rescue missions, BLM law enforcement added a new Special Agent
apprehending subjects wanted for various crimes to the Bend District and a second to the Roseburg
committed on and off BLM lands, and taking action District to enhance the BLM’s investigations of illegal
against the theft of public land resources such as drug operations.
timber and special forest products.

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 25
Utah State Office
440 West 200 South
Suite 500
Salt Lake City, UT 84101
Phone: 801-539-4084 or
(toll free) 800-722-3998
Fax: 801-539-4220

26 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
The 22 million acres of public lands managed by and sale of archaeological artifacts from public lands
the BLM in Utah include magnificent open spaces in the Four Corners region. The operation targeted a
of extraordinary beauty and diversity; remote complex criminal network of looters, expert dealers
wilderness areas teeming with countless species in stolen property, and opportunistic buyers in the
of plant and animal life, many of them threatened United States and throughout the world.
or endangered; extensive reserves of energy and
mineral resources; and spectacular world-class In the course of the operation, undercover agents
recreation venues that attract visitors by the millions purchased more than 250 illegal artifacts from
from around the Nation and the world. 48 suspects, obtaining more than $300,000 in
evidence. On June 10, 2009, 24 suspects were
While BLM law enforcement has many varied arrested and 12 search warrants were executed
and significant responsibilities across Utah, law on Utah suspects. To date, two suspects have pled
enforcement personnel have come to play an guilty in Federal Court, and two collections valued
increasingly important role in one critical facet at more than $6 million have been recovered.
of the BLM’s mission—protection of the vast The investigation and prosecution of the case are
and invaluable treasure of cultural and heritage expected to last for several years.
resources found on the public lands.
The hundreds of artifacts and other culturally
In 2009, BLM law enforcement was instrumental significant articles recovered in the operation will
in the success of one of the largest criminal be returned to the scientific community and to
investigations ever conducted into the theft and Native American communities. Law enforcement
trafficking of prehistoric cultural resources from authorities believe the success of the joint operation
public lands. The 2-year undercover investigation, in the Four Corners region will serve as a significant
carried out jointly by BLM law enforcement and the deterrent to any future theft of artifacts from the
Federal Bureau of Investigation, centered on the theft public lands.

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Wyoming State
5353 Yellowstone Road
Cheyenne, WY 82009
Phone: 307-775-6266
Fax: 307-775-6028

28 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
The growth of recreation and tourism in Wyoming, In 2009, BLM law enforcement closed a case dating
second only to energy development in economic back to 2004, when the BLM Special Agent in Lander
importance to the State, has resulted in a greater and BLM Rangers from the Cody and Worland Field
public presence on the public lands and new Offices began an investigation into the theft of
challenges for BLM law enforcement. government property and archaeological resources.
In the course of the investigation, the officers
Public lands managed by the BLM encompass recovered dinosaur fossils, mammal fossils, artifacts,
18.4 million acres, roughly 30 percent of the State, and human remains that had been removed from
and provide a majority of the recreational venues a Native American gravesite. The defendant was
that serve a growing public interest in outdoor sentenced to 1 year of probation and a fine.
BLM law enforcement also has significant duties
Camping and off-highway vehicle use are the in the administration of Wyoming’s Wild Horse and
two most popular recreational activities on public Burro Program. In one case developed in 2009,
lands in Wyoming, and the protection of public BLM law enforcement officers worked with the
land resources that may be impacted by these Sheriff’s Department in Morrill County, Nebraska, in
activities has become a major focus of the BLM law an investigation of more than 70 horses and burros
enforcement program. found dead on a Nebraska ranch. One suspect in
the case has been charged with multiple counts
BLM law enforcement responsibilities span more of animal cruelty. The outcome of the case is still
than 1.2 million acres of Wilderness Study Areas pending. A second investigation, conducted by a
and Areas of Critical Environmental Concern, where BLM Ranger in the Rawlins Field Office, was closed in
unique ecological values are particularly vulnerable 2009 with a guilty plea by a defendant charged with
to the impacts of human activity. Wyoming’s shooting a wild horse.
recreational resources also include the most miles
of undisturbed historical emigration trails in the An investigation undertaken in 2009 by a
West. Lands managed by the BLM account for BLM Ranger in the Rawlins Field Office further
more than 60 percent of the four National Historic underscores the great diversity of resources found
Trails that traverse the State. These areas contain on the public lands and the challenge of protecting
some of the best preserved and intact historical trail the integrity of these lands and resources against
remains found anywhere in the country and include abuse, destruction, or theft. The investigation
emigrant etchings, American Indian petroglyphs, centered on the theft of moss rock, popularly used in
and original wagon ruts. BLM law enforcement landscaping, from public lands. The case led to the
continues to be active in protecting these resources identification of suspects responsible for the illegal
from vandalism. removal of rock valued in the thousands of dollars.

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 29
S N A P S H O T: F E AT U R E D F I E L D O F F I C E — G L E N N A L L E N , A L A S K A

“To the lover of pure wildness Alaska is Through the dedication of the BLM Lakes Archeological District, an area of a
one of the most wonderful countries in Rangers of the Glennallen Field Office, the quarter-million acres that includes more
the world.” “pure wildness” of this region of Alaska than 600 archaeological sites. It is listed
- John Muir, on his travels in is being protected and preserved for the on the National Register of Historic Places.
southeastern Alaska in 1879 use and enjoyment of present and future BLM duties in this area include enforcement
generations. The Glennallen Rangers are of travel on designated trails to protect
For the BLM Rangers of the Glennallen Field supported by Rangers from the Eastern archaeological resources and monitoring of
Office, a principle role of law enforcement Interior Field Office and the Central Yukon hunting along the Nelchina Caribou herd
is the preservation of this “pure wildness” Field Office, a Special Agent based in migration route.
encountered by the naturalist John Muir Fairbanks, and a Pilot Ranger based in
130 years ago. Anchorage. The Glennallen Field Office management
area has more than 250 known
Here at one of the most remote outposts The Glennallen Field Office management unauthorized structures on the public lands
found anywhere on America’s public lands, area, situated in the Copper River Basin, with many of the trespass cases originating
two BLM Rangers patrol a district that is home to 22 communities with a mere long ago. BLM Rangers are assisting
encompasses 30 million acres of land. 3,100 citizens. However, an estimated with the monumental task of reposting,
Their duties take them from the Gulf of 60,000 to 70,000 visitors travel to this area assessing, planning, and coordinating
Alaska on the south to the towering peaks during the summer months to enjoy the removal of the unauthorized structures.
of the Alaska mountain range on the north, spectacular beauty of the landscape and to
and from the Canadian border on the east take advantage of the many recreational The Field Staff Rangers spend the majority
to the Chugach mountain range on the opportunities, including some of Alaska’s of their time making public contacts and
west, distinguished for an average annual finest rivers for fishing, hunting, rafting, providing information or assistance to the
snowfall of 600 inches—the heaviest boating, and canoeing. public. Requests for information frequently
annual snowfall of any place on earth. involve hunting, off-highway vehicle use,
The area hosts the largest volume of special rules and regulations, concerns
To patrol these lands is to be surrounded subsistence hunting for caribou and moose about safety, and travel information.
by endless breathtaking beauty, but the and the largest subsistence salmon fishing Rangers also assist stranded motorists and
job of law enforcement in this rugged and within the State of Alaska. lost persons and participate in search and
unforgiving wilderness entails its own rescue operations.
unique brand of hardship and sacrifice. The Glennallen Field Office supports four
Rangers must rely on a variety of vehicles BLM campgrounds at Sourdough, Paxson Other law enforcement concerns include
to reach the remote, and mostly roadless, Lake, Tangle Lake, and Brushkana. There illegal hunting under fraudulent Federal
areas they are responsible for. They patrol are several State campgrounds and two subsistence hunting permits, unlawful
in ATVs, snowmobiles, jet boats, canoes, national parks that also lie within the Field cutting of vegetation and removal of wood
and rafts. They sometimes patrol by Office’s management area. from public lands, travel off designated
air, using various types of airplanes and routes, and other common recreation
helicopters to cover the vast stretches of The management area includes several violations.
wilderness and roadless areas. major rivers flowing through it, including
the Copper, Gakona, McClaren, Susitna, In the course of their duties, BLM Rangers
The Rangers carry out their duties in Klutina, Tonsina, and Tiekel Rivers, along work closely with Alaska State Troopers,
all seasons and in all types of weather, with the Gulkana National Wild River and Alaska Wildlife Troopers, National Park
through the relatively moderate the Delta Wild, Scenic, and Recreational Service Rangers, and the law enforcement
temperatures of summer into the frigid River. officers and agents of the U.S. Fish and
darkness of the long winter, when Wildlife Service.
temperatures can reach 50 degrees Glennallen BLM Rangers are also
below zero. responsible for the protection of the Tangle

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32 L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9
How to Apply for Jobs with the BLM
Office of Law Enforcement and Security
Vacancies for law enforcement Ranger or Applicants must be able to meet all of the If selected for a law enforcement position,
Special Agent positions with the Bureau following: you will be required to:
of Land Management (BLM) can be found • Be a United States citizen. • Successfully complete the 16-week Land
online at www.usajobs.gov, by contacting
• Pass an extensive background Management Police Training Program at
your nearest BLM Office and asking to
investigation, drug test, physical fitness the Federal Law Enforcement Training
speak with a law enforcement Ranger, or
test, and medical exam. Center and the BLM’s Field Training and
by visiting www.blm.gov.
Evaluation Program if you are a Ranger.
• Hold a valid State drivers license and
Entry-level trainee law enforcement be capable of operating motor vehicles • Successfully complete the 11-week
Ranger positions start at the GL-5 level, or special purpose law enforcement Criminal Investigator Training Program
with the majority of the positions being in vehicles of various types, including at the Federal Law Enforcement Training
the southern desert areas. Previous law four-wheel drive and all-terrain vehicles, Center if you are a Special Agent.
enforcement experience may qualify an motorcycles, and small watercraft.
applicant for entry at the GL-7 or GL-9 • Successfully complete a minimum of 40
• Not have reached your 37th birthday hours of BLM law enforcement in-service
levels. The law enforcement Ranger series
at the time of your appointment or, if training annually.
has a promotion potential as high as GS-13.
older than 37, have prior experience in
a qualifying Federal law enforcement • Meet recurring firearms and control
The BLM has less than 100 Special Agents,
position. tactics training and qualification
which means that the positions are
extremely competitive and highly sought • Be able to safely use firearms, nonlethal
after. Only the most qualified applicants weapons, and control tactics in the • Complete periodic medical and physical
are selected. Special Agent positions conduct of your law enforcement duties. fitness testing.
start at the GS-11 level, but previous law • Maintain a favorable background
enforcement experience may qualify an BLM Ranger and Special Agent positions
applicant at the GS-12 level. The Special are drug-testing designated positions
Agent series has promotion potential as that are subject to random testing. The • Maintain a delegation of law

high as GS-15. work generally involves working nights, enforcement authority.

weekends, and holidays, and extended
The qualifications for entry into the BLM shifts during unplanned or special events Rangers are also required to wear the
law enforcement program are rigorous. or operations. official BLM law enforcement uniform.

L a w E n f o r c e m e n t Y e a r - E n d R e v i e w 2 0 0 9 33
The mention of company names, trade names, or commercial products does not constitute
endorsement or recommendation for use by the Federal Government.