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cM 0181 S STANDARD CHINESE A MODULAR APPROACH STUDENT WORKBOOK MODULE 1: ORIENTATION MODULE 2: BIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SPONSORED BY AGENCIES OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADIAN GOVERNMENTS This publication is to be used primarily in support of instructing military personnel as part of the Defense Language Program (resident and nonresident). Inquiries concerning the use of materials, including requests for copies, should be addressed to: Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center Nonresident Training Division Presidio of Monterey, CA 93944-5006 Topics in the areas of politics, international relations, mores, etc., which may be considered as controversial from some points of view, are sometimes included in the language instruction for DLIFLC students since military personnel may find themselves in positions where a clear understanding of. conversations or written materials of this nature will be essential to their mission. The presence of controversial statements--whether real or apparent--in DLIFLC materials should not be construed as representing the opinions of the writers, the DLIFLC, or the Department of Defense Actual brand names and businesses are sometimes cited in DLIFLC instructional materials to provide instruction in pronunciations and meanings. The selection of such proprietary terms and names is based solely on their value for instruction in the language. It does not constitute endorsement of any product or commercial enterprise, nor is it intended to invite a comparison with other brand names and businesses not mentioned. In DLIFLC publications, the words he, him, and/or his denote both masculine and feminine genders. This statement does ‘not apply to translations of foreign language texts. The DLIFLC may not have full rights to the materials it produces. Purchase by the customer does net constitute authorization for reproduction, resale, or showing for profit. Generally, products distributed by the DLIFLC may be used in any not-for- Profit setting without prior approval from the DLIFLC. PREFACE Standard Chinese: A Modular Approach originated in an interagency conference held at the Foreign Service Institute in August 1973 to address the need generally felt in the U.S. Government language training community for improving ané updating Chinese materials to reflect current usage in Beijing and Teipes. The conference resolved to develop materials vhich vere flexible enough in form and content to neet the requirements of a wide range of government agencies and academic institutions. A Project Board was established consisting of representatives of the Central Intelligence Agency Language Learning Center, the Defense Language Institute, the State Department's Foreign Service Institute, the Cryptologic School of the National Security Agency, and the U.S. Office of Baucation, later joined by the Canadian Forces Foreign Lenguage School. The represen- ‘tatives have included Arthur T. Melfeill, John Hopkins, and John Boag (CIA); Colonel Join F. Elder III, Joseph C. Hutchinson, Ivy Gibian, and Major Bernard Muller-Thym (DLI); James R. Frith and John B. Ratliff IIT (FSI); Kazuo Shitana (NSA); Richard T. Thompson and Julia Petrov (OE! Lieutenant Colonel George Kozoriz (CFFLS). ‘The Project Board set up the Chinese Core Curriculum Project in 1974 in space provided at the Foreign Service Institute. Each of the six U.S. and Canadian government agencies provided funds end other assistance. Gerara P: Kok vas appointed project coordinator, and e planning council vas formed consisting of Mr. Kok, Frances Li of the Defense Language Institute, Patricia O'Connor of the University of Texas, Earl M. Rickerson of the Language Learning Center, and James Wrenn of Brown University. In ‘the fall of 1977, Lucille A. Barale was appointed deputy project coordinator. David W. Dellinger of the Language Learning Center and Charles R. Sheehan of ‘the Foreign Service Institute also served on the planning council and contributed material to the project. The planning council drew up the original overall design for the materials and met regularly to review their development. : Writers for the first half of the materials vere John H. T. Harvey, Lucille A. Barale, end Roberta S. Barry, who worked in close cooperation with the planning council and with the Chinese staff of the Foreign Service Institute. Mr. Harvey developed the instructional formats of the comprehen- sion end production self-study materials, and also designed the communica tion-vased classroom activities end wrote the teacher's guides. Lucille A. Barale and Roberta S. Barry wrote the tape scripts and the student text. By 1978 Thomas E. Madden and Susan C. Pola ned joined the staff. Lea ty Ms. Barale, they have vorked as @ team to produce the materials subsequent to Module 6. iit All Chinese languege material was prepared or selected by Chuan 0. Chao, Ying-chih Chen, Hsiso-Jung Chi, Eva Diao, Jan Hu, Tsung-mi Li, and Yunbui C. Yang, assisted for part of the time by Chieh-fang Ou Lee, Ying-ming Chen, and Joseph Yu Heu Wang. Anna Affholder, Mei-11 Chen, and Henry Khuo helped in the preparation of a preliminary corpus of dialogues Administrative assistance vas provided at various times by Vincent Basciano, Lisa A. Bowden, Jill W. Ellis, Donna Fong, Renee T. C. Liang, ‘Thomas E. Madden, Susan C. Pola, and Kathleen Strype. The production of tape recordings was directed by Jose M. Ramirez of the Foreign Service Institute Recording Studio. The Chinese script vas voiced by Ms. Chao, Ms. Chen, Mr. Chen, Ms. Diao, Ms. Hu, Mr. Khuo, Mr. Li, and Ms. Yang. The English script was read wy Ms. Barale, Ms. Barry, Mr, Basciano, Ms. Ellis, Ms. Pola, and Ms. Strype. The graphics were produced ty John McClelland of the Foreign Service Institute Audio-Visual staff, under the general supervision of Joseph A. Sadote, Chief of Audio-Visual. Standaré Chinese: A Modular Approach was field-tested with the co- operation of Brown University; the Defense Language Institute, Foreign Language Center; the Foreign Service Institute; the Language Learning Center; the United States Air Force Academy; the University of Tllinois; and the University of Virginia. Colonel Samuel L. Stapleton and Colonel Thomas G. Foster, Commandant of the Defense Language Institute, Foreign Language Center, authorized the DLIFLC support necessary for preparation of this edition of the course materials. This support included coordination, graphic arts, editing, typing, proofreading, printing, end materials necessary to carry out these taske owe Sal, Jemes R. Frith, Chairmen U/ chinese Core Curriculum Project Board iv CONTENTS Ero 05000000000000G000dD50GgG0ad00 8 MODULE 1: ORIENTATION About Communication Games... ee ee UNIT 1 Communication Game... 1... ee ee eee UNIT 2 Communication Game... eee eee ee ee ee 10 About the C-2 and P-2 Tapes... 1 ee ee eee UNIT 3 0-2 Workbook + ee ee eee PEEa Morag es ees ee es et ee ee ees soa) GootrcriC) oGcgGuGGGdGUGanGGUuaG a ¢r UNIT & GPO) Mock och ee 30) [eal Wor bOOk eg cece ee ee ee eect 94) Communication Game... ~... +... --. MODULE 2: BIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION UNIT 1 c-2 Workbook... « an Pog Workbook so eee ee AB Communication Game As ee WS Communication Game Boss. ee eee 50 unrr 2 C-2 WORKBOOK te ee es 56 PeQWorkbook ss eee eee 59 Communication Game A ss ee eee Communication Game Boss ee eee 8 wnIt 3 €22 WorkbOOk 2 eee ee eee B Pe2 Workbook 2 1 ee ee ee ee ee ee ee W Communication Game As ee ee es 86 Communication Game Bo... ses ttt tte es Ol unr? 4 ©-2 Workbook 6 ee eee ee 1 Po2 Workbook oe ee ee ee ee 10h Communication Game A +... te ee 10T Communication Game Bos... eee ese 6 uni 5 C22 Workbook 6 ee ee ee 15 BQ Workbook sees sees aah Communication Game As see te 138 Communication Game Boss. ee ee ee ee ee US unit 6 (C-2 Workbook . . P-2 Workbook . Communication Game Communication Gane UNIT 7 0-2 Workbook . - P-2 Workbook . - wees Communication Game . unir 8 (0-2 Workbook . - P-2 Workbook . . Communication Game Vocabulary... +--+ - vi 156 165 169 173 176 178 186 188 19 203 BIO Workbook, Unit 1 MODULE 2: BIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION UNIT 1 C-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 This exercise is based on @ conversation contrasting the Chinese vords for "this" and "that." ‘The Display I diegran sets the scene. (triangles are men, end circles are vonen. The solid triangle end circle are the speakers on tape.) A man and voman are talking in front of a hotel. Another man and voman are standing nearby, but are not in the conversation. Still another man and women are in sight across the street, in front of another hotel. In other words, the dlegram shows vhich hotel and which people are near enough to the speskers to be "this" and which are far enough avay to be "thet." If you listen carefully te the conversation, you can work out the name and title of each person represented in Displey I, as well as where each is staying. You will hear the conversation three times. As you listen for the third time, write (in English) each person's name and the hotel where he is staying (X or ¥) in the brackets beside the figure which represents that person. Here is a new phrase you vill hear: Dut ie. (Yes, that right.) DISPLAY I Nemes: Kék8 (Kirk) Lami (Lamb) [we] “_ X Hotel c 7A O c a STREET c 1 a O c 1 First Speaker Jy @ second speaker ¥ Hotel wm FIO Workbook, Unit 1 EXERCISE 2 Each conversation in this exercise will tell you where one person is from, where he is living, and vhere he is nov. You will hear each conver- sation twice. As you listen to it for the second time, complete the chert below for the appropriate person. (Use check marks.) Notice that NI léojia 281 néii? with the verb 2i asks for the hone provisee, while HCTS{IE-GnCBELIT with the verb Gh asks for the bone- town. The sane applies to anavers. You may think of this as the difference ‘etween "Your hometown is in what province?" and "Your hometown is what town?" Géoxi6ng | Jddyt | TIDE | Teingn | Téishong | XinehG 1. Miss Wei Touetown Residence = iocation 2 estas Tonetom Residence Location 5a oni Tonetown Residence Tgeation ‘Hometown Residence ‘Location 3. Mr. Yéng ‘Hometown Residence Residence Iocation T we. tho Hometown Residence Location ZI Hometown Residence Location, Hometown Residence + ication a he BLO Workbook, Unit | UNIT 1 P-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you will talk about which hotels various people are staying at and which hotel they happen to be in at the moment--"this" one or "that" one. The situation is shown in Display I. The two speakers are standing in front of one hotel. Obviously, for then it is "this" hotel, ‘and the hotel across the street is "that" hotel. The outline triangles and circles show where four other people are. Comrade Fi and Comrade Sin are breakfasting together in one hotel, and Comrade Yén and Comrade Cai in the other. The arrows indicate the paths they have taken from their rooms. Comrade Sin and Comrade Yén have stepped across the atreet from the hotels vhere they are staying, vhile Comrade Fi and Comrade CAi are still in their ovn hotels. ‘Try to anever each of the First Speaker's questions before the Second Speaker does, and then repeat the Second Speaker's ansver. DISPLAY | ¥ HOTEL ————> Acorae 0 LA conreae sin @ First speaker A, Second Speaker Oo Comrade Yén ——> J\ conreae cai X HOTEL 43, BIO Workbook, Unit 1 EXERCISE 2 This exercise is a series of questions about the hometowns and home states of four Americans. is shown in Display II. OTE: (PROVINCE/STATE) (ctry) DISPLAY It ‘The information you will need for your answers WS 1doJia z8i Shanding. (My "native place" is in Shandong.) WS 180Jia sht Qingdao. (My “native place” is Qingdio. ) Mr. Young (Yéng) Boston (Béshidiin) - (Mézhdu) Mrs. Young (Yéng) San Francisco (Jiljinshan) | Cal. (Jiazhdu) Miss Berger (B6jié) Philadelphia (Féichéng) Pa. (Binzhdu) Mr. Perry (P2i1t) Dallas (Dalést) Tex. (Dézhdu) ha BIO Workbook, Unit 1 UNIT 1 COMMUNICATION GAME A INSTRUCTIONS: ‘Type: Matching ‘The setting is Béijing. You are talking with someone about four other people are from, what cities they live in, and what cities they happen to be in now (on visits). Goal: To find matches between where two people are from, where two people live, or where tvo people are nov. Number of Players: Pairs of students, Materials: A fact sheet for each player. (See Sample Fect Sheets. vhich follow. ) The names of the two people you know about are written on the map next to the cities they live in. Arrows lead FROM the cities they are from 10 the cities they live in. Other arrows lead FROM the cities they live in 10 the cities they are visiting. In other words, each pair of head-to-tail arrows traces a person's progress from his home city to the cdty he lives in and on to the city he is visiting. Wi Tianxifng, for instance, is from Gu&ngzhdu, lives in Chéngdi, and is visiting Nénjing now. ‘The names of the people your partner knovs about are listed on your fact sheet in the lover left-hand corner. Procedure: Ask your partner questions about the people he knovs about. When you find a match between one of these people and @ person on your map, Point it out immedistely, using y&. Example: You are Speaker 1. 81: Zhiing Guéhuf 1M0J48 shi nkr? 82: TB 18oJ4a shi Gulingzhou. 81: WG Tidnxifng 1d0jia y8 shi Guingzhdu. Zhing Téngzht chi zai nr? 82: Ta zhD zai Shnghdi. Sl: Ta xi&nzdi 28 nd? 82: Ta xidnz€i 284 TLénJin. At this point your partner will probably ask about someone on your map. Additional Note: If you do not know the name of a city or its location, refer to the map in the ORN textbook. You may also ask your teacher in Chinese. Practice Points: Lio, @ ehi, zhi cai, xianz@i sat. 45 BIO Workbook, Unit 1 UNIT 1 COMMUNICATION GAME B INSTRUCTIONS: Type: Matching Situation: The setting is BEijing. You are talking with three people ut where four other people are from, vhere they ere living or staying, and where they happen to be at the moment. Goal: To find matches between "hometowns/home provinces," "residences," or "present locations Number of Players: Groups of four students. Materials: One deck of cards vith names of people written on them and T) two decks of "home" cards--one for hometowns and one for home provinces; 2) two decks of "residence" cards--one for cities and one for hotel! 3) two decks of "present location" cards--one for cities and one for places. (See Cards--Matching, which follov.) For each round, use one deck each kind--"hometown/home province," “residence,” and "present location’ plus the name cards. Procedure: Each player is dealt e name card and one card from each of the ‘three other decks. When you are given the name card, place it face up in front of you so that the other players will know which person to question you about. (You vill use this card for all rounds.) Keep your other three carés in your hand. Use the "questioning by turns" procedure. Choose one player to be questioned by the other players. Then teke turns asking him questions sbout the person named on his card. When matches are found for "home," esidence," and "present location," choose another player to be questioned, and so on until each player has had his turn. During the questioning within your group, when a match is found between the "home," "residence," or "present location" of any two persons naned on the cards, point it out inmedietely, using y&. (Do this even when you are not the questioner or the person being questioned.) Exemple: You are Speaker 1. You have the name card for Wing Danifn and ‘the folloving three cards: HOME PROVINCE: Guingddng RESIDENCE: BEiJing Hotel PRESENT LOCATION: Tiananmén (Gate of Heavenly Peace) 50 BIO Workbook, Unit 1 ‘Aw you question Speaker 3 about M& MinglY, you find the first match: MG MinglY 1¥oJ48 281 nBr? TE lhoJia 281 Guingdéng. SL: Wing Danian 180)48 y€ 2&1 Guingding. And Speaker 2 continues the questioning. Additional Note: To play a second round, use the other “home,” "residence," ‘and “present location" decks. Additional rounds may be played by shuffling and redealing the cards Practice Points: L8ojié z&i/eni, zhi cai, xianeAi 281. 52. BIO Workbook, Unit 1 CARDS--MATCHING (NAMES OF PEOPLE) Wéng Danién Mi Minglt HG MBining Fang Bkolén | MB DEfEn Fang Zigifng Wing Déxifn Géo Tingténg i c Zhang Word S6ug Zhiyulin Lin Buolén Zhlo Shinin 52 BIO Workbook, Unit 1 CARDS--MATCHING (HOME) HOME PROVINCE HOME PROVINCE HOMETOWN HOMETOWN Gulingdéng Gulingdéng BEI jing Beijing HOME PROVINCE HOME PROVINCE ‘HOMETOWN HOMETOWN Shiinxt Shanxi Nénjing Nénjing HOME PROVINCE HOME PROVINCE ‘HOMETOWN HOMETOWN ShEnxt Shiinxi Guiingzndu Guiingzhsu 53 BIO Workbook, Unit 1 CARDS--MATCHING (RESIDENCE) (CITIES) RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE ‘Beijing Hotel Beijing Hotel Wohan Wohin —t__ —————— 4 RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE Nationalities Nationalities Qingd&o Qingdao Hotel Hotel RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE RESIDENCE Xingifo Hotel Xingifo Hotel Chéngdi Chéngai — 5h BIO Workbook, Unit 1 CARDS--MATCHING (PRESENT LOCATION) (crrrEs) PRESENT PRESENT PRESENT PRESENT LOCATION LOCATION LOCATION Location Qiénnén Qifnmén Shinghis Shinghki ("pront Gate") || ("Front Gate") PRESENT PRESENT PRESENT PRESENT LOCATION LOCATION LOCATION ‘LOCATION ‘Tiénanmén ‘Tidngnmén Tanja ‘THanjin (Gate of (Gate of Heavenly Heavenly Peace) Peace) PRESENT PRESENT PRESENT PRESEN LOCATION LOCATION LOCATION LOCATION chging Gaging XAaingging Xidngaing (Impertaa (Imperial Palace) Palace) 55 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 UNIT 2 C-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you will listen to a conversation at the Taiwan Hotel between Mr. Martin and Mrs, LY, They are talking about where they and several other people live and work. You vill heer the conversation three times. As you listen to it for the third time, stop the tape as needed to complete the chart belov. You will f111 in only some of the boxes, leaving blank those for vhich informa~ tion is not given in the conversation. Here are the new words and phrases you will hear: 1a (road) ide ndvai péngyou (that friend of his) MBiguo Yinhing (Bank of America) ‘Tédwin Yinbing (Bank of Taiven) Diyf Dafandian (First Hotel) EMPLOYMENT RESIDENCE Mr. Martin (M&) Mrs. LY [ae ox Miss Lig Mr. Jones (Zhdu) Mrs. Jones (Zhou) tJ Mr. HG Mes. HG Mr. Zhing Tingféng Mr. Zhang Shiying 36 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 EXERCISE 2 In this exercise you will listen to a conversation at a party in Taipei. Mrs. Jilng is asking Mr. An about the guests she has not met. She finds that there are two Mr. Smiths (SI). As their conversation breaks off, they have Just been Joined ty one of the Mr. Smiths. You vill want to keep the following vords straight: nwei (which Cperson3) nbwei (that Cperson3) gh’v8i-— (this Cperson3) And you must be able to recognize this new kind of expression: MBiguo Yinning |-de | nawai | si xtaneheng (Bank of America | -' that | Mr. Smith) (the Bank of America Mr. Smith) (the Mr, Smith who vorks at the Bank of America) What makes this expression difficult for speakers of English is the way n&v8i cones between MEiquo YinhSingde and Sf Xidnsheng. In English, you could say "that Mr. Smith” or "the Bank of Anerica’s Mr. Smith,” but never "the Bank of Anerica's that Mr. Smith." You vill hear the conversation three times. (You might want to rewind the tepe and listen again, and even take notes. ‘The plot is fairly thick.) After listening for the third time, answer the question below. guEsrIoN 1. Where does the Mr. Smith who has just joined them work? () the Bank of America (M8iguo Yinh&ng) (_) the U.S. International Communications Agency (MBiguo Guéjt JiGoliG ZEngehit) 57 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 EXERCISE 3 In this exercise you will listen to a conversation hich is mostly over your head. However, you should be able to understand enough to ansver the questions below. Write your answers as you listen to the conversation for the third time. For this exercise, you will need to know the Chinese versions of ‘two American name (Bauer) He (Herbert) QUESTIONS What is Mr. Féng's address? 2. Where is Major Bauer now? 3. Where does Major Bauer work? 4, Where is Major Herbert staying? 5. Where is Mr Herbert now? 58 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 UNIT 2 P-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 EXERCISE 2 EXERCISE 3 In these exercises you will ansver a series of questions about one set of facte. The questions are divided into three exercises to allow you to catch your breath between answers. The questions are about where various people are now, where they live, and where they vork. The situation is shown in Display I. The triangli and circles stow where three people are now. The arrows show the paths they take from vhere they live to where they work. Mr. C&o, who is stay- ing at the First Hotel, is already at work at the Bank of Taiwan. Miss LiG, who lives with friends (the Téngs), is alreedy at work at the post office. Mre. Lin, who works at the First Hotel, is still at home. In the display, building numbers are given for public buildings. When asked vhere a public building is, include the number in your reply. (In Chinese you vould normally mention the building number of a private hous only when asked for the address.) You vill hear the word shéi, "who," used as the subject of some of the questions. Here are the new vocebulary items you will need in this exercise: yOuzhéngjéi (post office) 1 (roaa) MBiguo Yinhing (Bank of America) ‘Tétwin Yinhéng (Bank of Teivan) 59 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 DISPLAY 1 Shingh8t Road 89 —— | FIRST HOTEL ‘THE Lins’ HOUSE ee Mise LiG oa BANK OF TAIWAN | POST OFFICE _|_ mu tines’ House _ 1 T 88 90 Nfajing Road BIO Workbook, Unit 2 UNIT 2 COMMUNICATION GAME A INSTRUCTIONS: Type: Matching Situation: The setting is Taipei. You are talking with three people about where four other people work, are staying, end happen to be right now. Goal; To find matches between where two people work, are staying, or happen to be right nov. Number of Players: Groups of four students. vhich als: A work sheet for each player. (See Sample Work Sheet: follow. At the top of each work sheet is a diagram showing three office puildings end three hotels. The six large rectangles below the diagram are simplified representations of the diagram. Each square within a rectangle stands for the office building or hotel in the same relative position in the disgran. For instance, the upper left square is the USICA building. Each column of rectangles is for a different round of play. In each colum, the four rectangles labeled A through D are for recording informa- tion about four different people. On your work sheet, one rectangle in each colum is already filled in with information about the person you are supposed to know, whose name is written at the bottom of your work sheet. ‘The following symbols are used: a desk (TT) mesns that the person works in that office building; a bed (/-4) means that the person is staying at that hotel; and a triangle or circle means that the nan or woman is at thet office or hotel now. Procedure: Mingle with the players in your group to exchenge information. write the name of the person you know about on the line to the left of the filled-in rectangles. Then, ask player in your group the name of the person he knows about. Write that name on the second line ‘Then, record information about thet person in the rectangle beside his name, using symbole. When you find @ match between the office, residence, or present location of the person you know about and ancther person, point it out iumedietely, using y8. Continue exchanging information until all players have information ‘about all four people. BIO Workbook, unit @ Example: You are Speaker 1. 82: Ta (the person you know about) shi shéi? S81: Ta shi Wing Danién. zai n€li gdngzud? 28i MEiguo Wiguanchi géngzud. zhi zai néli? (OR Ta zhd zai n&ge fanaian?) zhd zai Diy Dafndian. xidnzai 2di Téivan Dafandian. At this point, Speaker 2 finds a match, so she says: $2: HG Méilfng (the person she knows about) xian2di yé zai ‘Téivan Dafandian. For thie gare you need to know the following vocabulary Additional tot. it MBiguo Gu6J? JidoliG ZSneshi (U-c. International Communications Arency) Practice Points: ZAi...géngzud, zhi 24i..., xidnzBi 2Ai. BIO Workbook, Unit 2 SAMPLE WORK SHEETS: Bank v. USICA of Militery frerica Attache's Office First Antassador ‘Taiver, Kote! Hotel Hotel ROUND 2 bk A rr 4 HA [Ay 8 a — | Wéng Danién 63 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 U.S. Military Attache's Office Ambassador Hotel Wang Danian eu BIO Workbook, Unit 2 First Hotel Ambassador Hotel U.S. Military Attache'’s Office HG MEA1ing 65 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 U.S. Military Attache's Office ‘Teivan Hotel Mi Minglt BIO Workbook, Unit 2 USICA : 8 —____ a £ c 2 D —— 7 Olt O}| JH H Fang Béolfn 61 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 UNIT 2 COMMUNICATION GAME B INSTRUCTIONS: Type: Science (In games of this type, your goal is to find regular patterns in the fects as you gather them and then to use those patterns to predict the remaining facts.) Situation: The same as for Communication Game A in this unit. Goal: To find regular patterns in the facts after gathering only some of ‘them and to use those patterns to predict the remaining facts. In other words, to predict the offices, residence, and present locations of the last several people you ask about. Groups of four players. Number of Player: Materials: The same as for Communication Game A in this unit. (See Sample Work Sheets, which follow.) Procedure: Mingle with the players in your group to exchange information. Record on your work sheet the information you collect. Until you see a regular pattern, gather facts by asking questions with the question word ndli. When you think you see a pattern, make predictions by making statements with the marker ba. Give yourself a point for every correct prediction, and take avy a point for every incorrect one. If you do not see a pattern by the time you talk vith your last partner, either continue to gather facts with néli questions or indulge in a little guessing with ba statement: e: You are Speaker 1. Only your questions about where people live ‘are included here. . Sl: T chi rai nélis - 82: A zhi zai Téivén Dafandian. Sl: TA chi zai u¥ige fandian? 83: TA chi zai Téivan Dafandian. Sl: TA zhi zai Téivin DAfandian ba. Sh: Shide, ta zhd zai Téivan Dafandian. (Of course, the patterns can be less obvious then this one.) Additional Note: For this game you need to know the following vocabulary ‘item: MBiguo Guéji JidoliG Zingshi (U.S, International Communications Agency) Practice Points: Z8i...g6ngzud, zh sai, xianz€i 281, de, nBige. BiO Vorwbeok. Unit SAMPLE WORK SHEETS: Bank of | America Ambassador Hotel. ROUND 1 ROUND 2 A A Alt 4} Le] J B B Wing Danifn 69 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 Bank of America Ambassador Hotel HG MEi1ing 10 BIO Workbook, Unit 2 v8. Military Attache's Office Teivan Hotel BIO Workbook, Unit 2 Bank U.8. usICA of Military America Attache's Office First Hotel, Anbassador Hotel ROUND 1 ROUND 2 A A T 8 8 L cS — D o> uu aa O} jH H 2 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 UNIT 3 C-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In each of the twelve conversations in this exercise, a person is asked about the other members of his femily. You will hear each conversa- tion twice. After listening to it for the secona time, stop the tape and fill in the chart below with information about the speaker's family. (Use check marks for "father," "nother," “husband,” and "wife." Write the appropriate numbers under “sons” and “daughters.") You will need to recognize one new word in this exercise: ni (parents) The word is an avbreviation of figin miigin, "father and mother." FATHER | MOTHER | HUSBAND | WIFE |} sons | DAUGHTERS [SPEAKER 1 ISPEAKER 2 [SPEAKER 3 SPEAKER [SPEAKER 5 ISPEAKER 6 SPEAKER [SPEAKER 6 |SPEAKER 9 SPEAKER 10 n |, lsrzaxer 12 ‘| 3 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 EXERCISE 2 In this exercise you will hear eight people telling how many brothers and sisters they have. Chinese does have words for "brothers" and "sisters. seen in the following diagram, Chinese also has words for "older brother,’ "younger brother," "older sister," and "younger sister." sege 1iBjie atai méimei (elder (older (SELF) (younger (younger brother) sister) Brother) sister) ~~ ~ “wer a _ 1Sngat amounts to an abbreviation of gége dtdi, since xidng has the same Meaning as gé. Jim8i is an abbreviation of jiéJie méinei. ‘You will bear the discussion of each person's brothers and sisters twice. After listening for the second time, fill in the chart below with ‘the appropriate numbers. OLDER BROTHERS | OLDER SISTERS | YOUNGER BROTHERS | YOUNGER SISTERS BIO Workbook, Unit 3 EXERCISE 3 ‘This exercise involves a conversation in Taipei between Miss Fang end Mr. Jones (Zhang), an American. They are talking about their families. You will hear the conversation three times. As you listen to it for the third time, stop the tape as needed to write don the speakers! relatives that are mentioned and the present location of each relative. RELATIVES LOCATIONS Miss Pang: ff | Me. Zhéng: 5 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 EXERCISE 4 In this exercise you will listen to # conversation between Mr. Zhang and Mrs. Brown (Huang). They are talking about their children. Mrs. Brom has snapshots of hers. You will hear the conversation three times. You may not understand everything, but you will get the gist of it. As you listen for the third time, answer the question below. QUESTION 1. List Mrs. Brown's children and Mr. Zhang's children by sex and in order of birth. For example, "boy" (cldest), "boy" (middle), "girl" (youngest) CHILDREN OLDEST YOUNGEST es tow | Me. Zhing: | | 6 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 UNIT 3 P-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you will ansver questions about what people make up "your" family. You ere provided with a different family for each numbered item. (See Display I.) Your family is represented as a "family tree.” For this exercise, your family consists at most of a spouse and childrer ee acs MO me AO son) daughter Labels have seen added to this sample family tree. Males are represented by triangles, and females by circles. The left-to-right order of the children is oldest-to-youngest. Notice that you are represented by the solid figure (in this case, e triangle). You would hear on tape, NY j4411 ybu shénme rén? and you would answer, YOu WS titel, yige nfnbfizd, gin yfge nlhgizi. CRepeat confirmation.3 Remember to use possessive w5, "my," with t@itai and xiansheng. For this exercise, use gén before the last noun phrase, the vay you would use "and" in English. If there is only one other person in your family, say that there is only that person end you, using the adverb ji0, “only,” or “just.” Q: WE iad yOu ehénme rén? A: J4a ySu WS xianeheng gén v5. (Repeat confirmation.1 A Chinese men vould probably list himself first: Jil ybu v5 gén wS taitei. Example 2 1 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 Exemple 3 A If there is no one else in your family, say that there is only you, using the expression yige rén, literally “one person." Q: MY 44@1i y¥u shénme rén7 A: Jia yu wS yige rén. CRepeat confirmation.3 18 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 DISPLAY | "xe Ca tl 9 10. "3 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 a. A a. to 2. ? 2s. a 3. A «hb @ 80 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 EXERCISE 2 This exercise is similar to the last one, except that your family will consist only of parents and brothers and sisters. Here are the words you will need for this exercise: SL (older (older (SELF) brother) sister) \ N. a ~ “A 7 7 ot - ~_ * ~ dongat PrCLASS (vrothers) (sisters) In Chinese you can sey either wi fimi or w5 fligin migin, In this exercise you should use wO fini, a1 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 Example 1 (using the family tree on the previous page) Q: NY jiali ySu shénme rén? Answer in terms of 60 many "old brothers," “older sisters,” "younger sisters," and "younger brothers.” A: YOu WS flmil, yfee edge, yige J18j1e, yfge atat, gén yige mimes. Example 2 Q: WY ySu xidngad Ji2m2i ms? If you are asked specifically whether you have brothers and sisters, you should answer only "I do" or "I don't" unless you have only one. A: gi ybu yfge mined. Example 3. Q: WY yOu xténgdd jitmai ma? If you have more than one brother or sister, simply give the direct answer Yu, and wait for the follow-up question about how many you have before giving the full list. Ar Yu. Q@: YOu steer Ar YOu ylge gége, yfge Ji8jie, gin yige atai. e2 DISPLAY I BIO Workbook, Unit 3 EXERCISE 3 In exercises 2 and 2 you listed all the members of your immediate femily. In this exercise a new question is introduced: WY j1824 ySu J¥ge rén? (How many are there in your household?) Although this could refer to your whole family, 4t usually means only the members of your household--that is, relatives actually living with you (shown in your "family tree" as inside the closed broken line). When asked Ni_jid1i ydu_jige rén? you will answer with the number of people. Then answer the follow-up question Du shi shéi? "Who are they Calif" by listing them. Don't worry too much about the order in which you list your relatives or vhether you include yourself. The main point is to get the numbers and relationships right. Example eee 7 N / ( \ / \ ~ a NE 1414 ybu Sige rént Yu sige. Déu shi shéi? WS filgin, w5, wo tditei, gén yige nlngizi, If there 18 only one other meuber of your household or if you are alone, you can say so directly in answer to the first question: Jia yOu v5 gén vb tAitet or Jia ySu v5 yfge rén, Remember that the question NI j4a1i ydu shénme rén? (which is also asked in this exercise) refers to all the members of your immediate family-— that is, to everyone shown in the family tree, whether they live with you or not. For this exercise, assume that every member of your family who i9 not in your household in Taivan is in the United States. au BIO Workbook, Unit 3 DISPLAY II 85 BIO Workbook, Unit 3 UNIT 3 COMMUNICATION GAME A ‘INSTRUCTIONS: Type: Matching Situation: The setting is Taipei, You and several other people are talking about your fanilies Goal; To find matches between your family and your partner's family: the same number of younger brothers, older sisters, and so forth. Number of Players: Groups of four to six students. Materials: A fact sheet for each player. (See Sample Fact Sheets, which follow.) In the “family trees" on the fact sheets, there is one triangle or cirele for each relationship: father end mother (top row), older brothers and sisters (middle row, tvo figures at the left), younger brothers and sisters (aiddle row, two figures at the right), you and your spouse (middle row, tvo middle figures), and your children (bottom row). ‘A number which appears under a triangle or circle shows how many relatives of that kind you have. If there is no number, there are no people releted to you in this way. You are shown as the shaded figure in the family tre Procedure: Mingle with the other pleyers in your group to exchange information. When you question someone, he will ansver and add Ni jia1i yu shénme rén? Point out any matches in your family and his before answering his Question. Then write his name under the triangle or circle on your fact sheet which represents the matching relationship. Example: You are Speaker 1. Sl: NY Ji&11 yBu shénme rén? 82: Yu wS imi, yfge adi, wS tditai, gén 1idngge nlingizi. WY jiaii ySu shénme rén? Sl: WO y€ yOu 1i8ngge ningizi. WO j4a1i ySu wO filmi, yfge j1ZJ1e, aHingge abai W8 taitet, yige néchétct, én Likngge alngies: Additional Note: Since all players in this game will have one father, one mother, and one spouse, there is no need to match these relatives. Practice Points: Everything in the unit. 86 t_<] « BIO Workbook, Unit 3 UNIT 3 COMMUNICATION GAME B INSTRUCTIONS: type: Science (Menory) Situation: The setting is Taipei. You and s ‘talking about your familie Goal: To ask all players sbout certain kinds of family members, to find pattern in the number of such relatives in different families, and to predict how many of these relatives the last several players have. umber of Players: Groups of six students or fewer. Materials: A fact sheet for each player. These fact sheets are like the fact sheets for Communication Game A in this unit, Procedure: Mingle with the other players in your group to exchange information. Until you see a reguler pattern, use question-word questions (or the single question NY jia1i yu shénme rén?). When you think thet you see a regular pattern, try making a prediction with a ba sentence, Take notes on the information you get. (You can Jot them down on your fact sheet under the information about your family.) Example: You are Speaker 1. Sl: NY Jia1d ySu shénme rén? 82: Yu... , yigemimei,.... NE gi1a14 yu shénme rén? Yu... , yige mimei,.. . . NY yOu yfge mlimei ba. Shide, wS you yige méimei. WS Jia1i yOu... . Practice Point: Everything in the unit. —<]- He iS ©- <]- BIO Workbook, Unit 4 UNIT 4 C-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you will listen to the manager of a hotel discussing with a clerk the day of arrival and the day of departure for various guests. You vill hear their discussion of each guest tvice. As you listen for the second time, record the facts by checking the appropriate boxes below. You vill need to recognize two new vords qiéntian (the day before yesterday) hdutdin (the day after tomorrow) THE DAY. | YESTERDAY | TODAY | TOMORROW | THE DAY ‘BEFORE AFTER ‘YESTERDAY ‘TOMORROW wow T. Wing Young T ‘arrival: Departure: 2. Wi Tianxiéng ‘Arrival: Departure: 3. Zh8o Shaohus Arrival: jarture: TEE Bioy! ‘Arrival: Departure? : H ‘Arrival: Departure: &. thing Gudmud : = ‘Arrival: Departure: 7. qe weiad i ‘Arrival: Departure: © Sim Bingyin ; ‘Arrival Departure: 102 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 EXERCISE 2 ‘Thies exercise is based on a conversation between Mr. Qifn and Miss Wéng. Mr. Qifn has cone to Taipei for a few days. He happens to run into Miss Wéng, whom he has not seen for some time. You will hear the conversation three times. Answer the question below fas you listen for the third time. You vill need to know tvo new expressions: 348nin (to get married, to be married) méi iénin (not to be married) QUESTION 1, Among the people who will be at the wedding, who (if anyone) already lives in Taipei? arrived the day before yesterday? arrived yesterday? arrived today? will arrive today? will arrive tomorrow? will arrive the day after tomorrow? 2103 310 Workbook, Unit 4 UNIT 4 P-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you vill ansver questions about WHETHER actions took place (with le) and questions about WHEN actions took place (with sh! You will also ansver questions about when actions ere going to take place (without le and shi...de). ‘The scene is the office of a hotel. The manager is asking the clerk about arrivals and departures of various guests. The information available to the clerk is shown in Display I. (The manager's questions show that he already has some information and is fairly sure about vhat some of the information vill be.) ‘The tail of each arrow shows the day of thet guest's arrival and the head shows the day of his departure. ‘Try answering the manager's questions before the clerk does, and then repeat the clerk's ansvers. Here are the new vocabulary items you vill need for this exercise: qifntian (the day before yesterday) ndutian (the day after tomorrow) DISPLAY | ‘THE DAY YESTERDAY | TODAY | TOMORROW | THE DAY BEFORE AFTER YESTERDAY NOW ‘TOMORROW Wang Yaozdng —P Wi Thamxtfing +f ZhBo Shlchus i+ LY BKoy$ t > Hé Bingin —_—>——* 1 Zhang CuBhus t > Qién Weias —_+—_ ! Sin Bangyan i —+ 1 104 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 EXERCISE 2 In Exercise 1 you put le after the verb or néi before the verb if the question was WHETHER the action took place. You put shi or bG shi before the verb and de after the verb if the question was WHEN the action took Place. You probably followed the simple and generally effective strategy of noticing whether the question had le or shi...de in it and answering accordingly, like tht Q: (yijing) zBule ma? (Hes he left Calready]?) (y¥Jing) zdule. (He has left Catready3.) (ht) m&i 2du. (He has not left Cyet].) hi n¥itian zbade? (What day aid he leave?) TA shi cu6tiln zSude. (ie left yesterday.) Q: 78 shi cu6tiin 2Sude ma? ——(D1d he leave yesterday?) A: TH shi zu6tian zdude. (He did leave yesterday.) A: 8 BG shi zu6tian zBude, (He aia not leave yesterday.) You algo had another clue: whether or not there was a time word like n&itian in the question. However, you can not count on always having such direct clues es to when to use le (or méi) and when to use shi...de (or bG shi...de). There is no question to copy from when you want to volunteer information or vhen you vent to ask a question yourself. You have to make the choice on your own, on the basis of whether you are talking about the event itself oF about some aspect of the event--or, to put it more concretely, on the ‘asis of whether you are emphasizing the main verb or some earlier part of the sentence. This exercise gives you practice in making the choice. Again in the hotel office, the manager is asking the clerk questions about the departures of certain guests. Display II is a list of the questions (in English) that the manager will ask. (They are rephrased in parentheses to indicate vhat the manager knows or assunes and vhat he wants to know.) There are three types of questions: Examp! * DID Sin Fulmfng leave yesterday? Sin Futming auétian 2ule mat? (He was planning to leave, but did he?) Knowing that this guest was planning to leave yesterday and wanting to knov WHETHER the guest did leave, the manager uses le. (Notice that the time can be mentioned incidentally vhen the center of interest is on WHETHER ‘the action took place. ) *These examples are the first three items on the tape. 105 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 Example 2 WHEN did Wing MEiréng leave? Wing Méiréng shi shénme sh{hou zdude? (She dia leave, but when?) ‘The manager knows that this guest has left. Wanting to know WHEN she left, the manager uses shi...de, Example 3, Did Zhang HOurén leave YESTERDAY? Zhiing HOurén shi zu6tian 2dude ma? (He did leave, but was it yesterday?) Again, the manager knows that this guest has left and wants to know WHEN he left.” However, this time the manager makes a specific guess, namely that it was yesterday. After hearing each item number on the tape, try to ask the question before the manager does. Then listen to his question and repeat. Finally, Listen to the clerk's ensver. DISPLAY It 1. DID Sin Rulming leave yesterday? (He was planning to leave, but dia he?) 2. WHEN did Wing Méir6ng leave? (She did leave, but when?) 3, Did Zhiing Hurén leave YESTERDAY? (He aid leave, but was it yesterday?) 4, Did B&o ShBoying leave the DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY? (He did leave, ‘but was it the day before yesterday?) 5. DID B&o Shiowén leave today? (He vas planning to leave, but aia he?) 6. WHEN did Jiang MEiling leave? (She did leave, but when?) 1. DID Sin Bingying leave the day before yesterday? (She was planning to leave, but did she?) 8. Did Bao Hutrén leave YESTERDAY? (She did leave, but was it yesterday?) 9. WHEN did LY Shiying leave? (He did leave, but when?) 10, DID Shi Tingféng leave the day before yesterday? (He was planning to leave, but did he?) 11. Did Wing Défén leave YESTERDAY? (She did leave, but vas it yesterday?) 12. WHEN did fing Guéquin leave? (He did leave, tut when?) 13. Did Zhdu WinrG leave YESTERDAY? (She did leave, but was it yesterday?) 14, DID Mi Zhtyulin leave yesterday? (He was planning to leave, but aid he?) 15. WHEN did HG Xilf@ng leave? (She did leave, but when?) 106 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 UNIT 4 COMMUNICATION GAME A INSTRUCTIONS: Type: Science Situation: The setting is BéiJing. You are talking vith's group about wben several other people arrived or will arrive at a hotel and when they ett or will leave. Goal: To find reguler patterns in the information and make predictions ‘bout people's days of arrival or days of departure and about whether or not they arrived alone. Mumber of Players: Groups of six students or fever. Materials: A work sheet for each player. (See Sample Work Sheets, which follow. ‘The tail of the arrow on each vork sheet shows the person's arrival day. The head of the arrow shows his departure day. A single shaft on an arrow means that the person arrived alone, a double shaft that he was accompanied by someone. Notice that the "today" column is divided by a dotted line into "before nov" and “after now." Procedure: Mingle with the other players in your group to exchange information. Use arrows to record the information you collect. (8¢ Sample Work Sheet.) ‘ntl you see @ regular pattern, use question-vord questions. When you think you see e pattern, try making predictions with ba sentences. Remember that you must find out WHETHER something happened or will happen before you ask WEEN or HOW. However, you may assume that all the people will eventually leave the hotel. the first Example: You are Speaker 1. You have 8 work sheet showing arrival and Geparture information for one person. As you question the other menbers of your group, you record the information as show on the first Sample Work Sheet. Sl: Ta 161 le ma? Ta 161 le. Ta shi néitian 1éidet hi Jintian 1éide. shi yfge rén 16ide ma? shi yfge rén 16ide. shénme shfhou 28u? hdutian 2du. 107 BIO Workbook, Unit & You now move on to another player. TS 16i 1e ma? ‘Ta 168i le. hi nEitiin 1éide? aiéntian 1éide. yige rén 16ide ma? hi yige rén 1éide. ’& shénme shihou 25u? Jintian 2Bu. When questioning the next person, you are ready to make a prediction that everyone arrived alone: 81: Té 181 le ma? Ta 141 le. @ shi n€itian 1éiae? hi zubtian 1éide. shi yfge rén 1fide be. Dut le, t& shi yfee rén 1éide. T@ shénme shfhou zu? ‘Ta mingtian zu. You vere right. The pattern is that everyone arrived alone. Additional Notes: Here is how to follow up on four possible ansvers to ‘the same first question. ‘Ta yIJing 141 le ma? ‘Te ySping 164 le. Ta shi nBitian 14ider TE shi. . . 181de. TE xing nBitian ut TA xiling . . . 2Bu. ‘Ta yijing 164 le ma? & héi més 164. dling néitian 1617 xfing .. . 116i. xdling n&itién du? xing... 28u. Aijing 161 Le ma? 16S le, kEshi, yjing 2Bu le. Téide? Baa Baa Ta shi néitian 2Bude? Ta shi. . . zBude. Ta yising 141 1e? : ME bd xitng 161. (NO FOLLOW-UP) You will need to know the vord kshi, "but," in this game, Practice Points: Everything in the unit. 108 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 SAMPLE WORK SHEETS: aay yesterday before yesterday Wing Yaoréng 109 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 — aay yesterday before yesterday tomorrow aay after ‘tomorrow Wing Y8ozing no BIO Workbook, Unit 4 asy before yesterday yesterday 1 today tomorrow | day . ' after 1 ‘tomorrow WG TManxifing an BIO Workbook, Unit 4 ea ees a aay yesterday today tomorrow before ' yesterday ' +4 1 aay after ‘tomorrow ne BIO Workbook, Unit 4 aay defore yesterday] LY BBoyf 3 BIO Workbook, Unit 4 yesterday nb ‘tomorrow after BIO Workbook, Unit 4 —— ' day yesterday | | today before yesterday| tomorrow | day after ‘tomorrow 5 BIO Workbook, Unit UNIT 4 COMMUNICATION GAME 8 INSTRUCTIONS: ‘Type: Matching Situation: The setting is Taipei. Members of your family and of several other families have teen invited to a large celebration. Some people have already arrived; some are scheduled to arrive; and some are unable to make it. Goal: To find matches between your family and another player's in the days hen certain kinds of relatives arrived or will arrive; for example, both having mothers arriving tomorrow. Mumber of Players: Groups of four to six students. Materials: A work sheet for each player. (See Sample Work Sheets, which follow. In the "family tree” on each work sheet, triangles and circles represent different kinds of reletives. You are the shaded figure. Under each triengle and circle there is a rov of toxes for each person in thet category. The row of boxes represents ' que Day | YESTERDAY rebar ToMoRROW | THE DAY BEFORE AFTER BEFORE | AFTER eee Yow | NOW ae fn X in a box indicates the arrival day of that person. If there are no Xs in the boxes, the person is not coming. Procedure: Mingle with other group members to exchange information. When you find a match, point it out immediately, using yf. Record the name of your partner near the row of boxes, and Grey an arrow from the name to the row of boxes, Remember that you must find out WHETHER somebody has arrived or will arrive before you ask WHEN. Example: You are Speaker 1. WY 44811 yOu shénme rén? YOu wd fm, wS tditai, 1ikngge nénbAizi, lidngge nlinéizi. NY fimii yijing 161 le ma? WS miigin y¥jing 18i le, WS flgin n&i méi 161. 116 BIO Workbook, Unit & WY miigin shi n¥itién 1é1de? shi zuétian 16ide. ME fiqin néitian 1417 7a mingtian 161. WE tditei yIjing 161 le mat TE 18i le. TA shi Jintian 1éide. WS t&itel y¥ shi Jintian 1éide. (Wotice that when a match is found, 82 acknowledges it e ALSO came yesterday.” by saying "My wife Practice Points: Everything in the unit. Review of relationship terms in Unit 3, ut orem oY eyey ak. OV a ceo coo cohen oreo Com oben =o Syorey | ony COOP er coed oto oan ooo CEST ey ow a at ‘OQ. V ey coe oo ee er STR ey Lon BIO Workbook, Unit 5 UNIT 5 C-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you will work on your comprehension of dates (years). An official is asking Comrade Jiang the years of ‘birth for the menbers of nis family. Comrade Jiang pauses after giving each date vnile the official writes it down. During each pause, write down the year in the appropriate blank below. Comrade Jiang his wife his son his daughter his father nis mother his older brother his older sister his younger brother TITILUT his younger sister 225 BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 2 A government official has a list of people who have recently arrived in BBijing or are scheduled to arrive soon. He needs to know the year of arrival for each person. His assistant is giving him the information, ‘As you listen, check the appropriate column for each name. ‘The following new words are used in this exercise: qinién (last year) Jinnién (this year) mingnién —(next_-year) Last ‘THIS Next YEAR YEAR YEAR ow +—} du Jianaé ‘ Sin Qingling ‘ HG MEAL ing ! Gao Tingténg i ZhSu shinfn 1 4 Mi Winré 1 —>—+_}——— chén YEngping 1X Déxién 1 Yéng Buirén 1 Thing Mngténg 1 126 310 Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 3 In this exercise you will work on your comprehension of the names of ‘the months. An official needs to know the months vien various people arrived or vill arrive in B&ijing end the months when they left or will leave. Agein, an assistant is giving him the information. Fill in the information for eack person as you listen. Use A for "arrival" and D for "departure." You vill need to know the following expressions shingge yi (Last month) ahdige yi® (this month) xidge yid (next month) LAST THIS NEXT MONTH MONTH MONTH (mu) | : thao Yiring 1 cai Shtying ! | Hufug YOzhén ' 146 Déten 1 Lifng Dat 1 MBio Déxifn 1 Zhou Zhtyuin ' Gué Ziqiéng ' Zhang Shdowén 1 + fa Ziyan 12t BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 4 In this exercise you are listening for the day of the week and the day of the month. A hotel manager is asking a clerk about the day of arrival and the day of departure for various guests. Fill in the information for each person as you listen. Agein, use A for “arrival” and D for “departure.” ZB vesrerpay B® ropay 3 z Sin Zh@nhan LY Tingféng BAL Hutrén ShY GuBaiéing Gao Bingying Jiang Shiying Wang Détén Guyfing Chéng ‘Ting Shiovén Bao Méiling FF FEF EEE EEE 128 BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 5 In this exercise you will hear four people answer questions about the ages of family members. As you listen to their answers, note their ages and those of their relatives in the appropriate columns of the chart below. You will hear the ages of, adults asked in three different way! of then new. two aué 48 le? dué_d& sutshu le? dué 48 niénji 10? Sutshu and niGnji (both mean "years of age") may be used in asking the age of an adult, but not of a child. Ni du6 d& le? may be asked of a child or young adult but is not usually considered respectful enough for an older person. You vill also hear sentences like this: WS figin bG 2&1 le. (My father is no longer living.) For the moment, just learn this as an idiomatic expression. It is explained in the instructions for Exercise 5 of the P-2 tape for this unit. SITUATION 1 ) SITUATION 2 ) SITUATION 3 j SITUATION 4 ‘SPEAKER WIFE HUSBAND SON son DAUGHTER DAUGHTER FATHER MOTHER OLDER BROTHER OLDER SISTER YOUNGER BROTHER| YOUNGER SISTER 129 BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 6 For each item in this exercise, the speaker on tape will give the ages or birth dates for two brothers or two sisters. Then he will ask which of the two is the older (or younger) brother or sister. You will hear each item twice. (If twice is not enough, you may, of course, rewind the tape and listen agein.) Put a check mark in front of the correct, response for each iten. Le () HG mesning 2. (-) Péng Guéan 3. (-) din Gutzht 4.) LY Boyt 5. () Sin Yaozi 6. (/) Zhdu Rutching 7. () Wai xitetn 8. () Téo Rining 2 ) HG Métznén ) Féng Guénué ) din Gutréng ) LX Blomus ) Sin Yaozdng ) Zhdu Ruthud ) Wei xitying ) P60 At1ién 130 BIO Workbook, Unit 5 UNIT 5 P-2 WORKBOOK EXERCISE 1 In this exercise you will practice giving dates in year A government official has a list of people. He knows only vhether ‘they have lived in BEijing, are there now, or will come there. He needs to know the year each person came or is expected to come and the year each left or is expected to leave. As he reads each nome from his list, an assistant gives the official the information from the records. Display I represents the information in the records indicates each person's stey in Béijing. An arrow Play the role of the assistant, using the display to give the official information about each person. Then listen to the assistant's response and repeat it. "Last year," "this year," and "next year" are not normally referred to vy number. Use the following words. qinién (last year) Jinnifn (this year) mingnién —(next_-year) Example 1 (not on tape) Ta shi Yijitigiwinién 1éide, shi jinnién 2dude. (He came in 1975 and left this year.) Example 2 (not on tape) ‘T& shi qinién 1éide, Yijitighjitinién du. (He came last year and will leave in 1979.) Example 3 (not on tape) ‘Ta mingnién 141, YiJitbéiingnién 2du, (He will come next year and will leave in 1980.) ‘The official knows whether or not a person has arrived or left. The only question is WHEN. Therefore his assistant uses the shi...de construction for completed action. aL BIO Workbook, Unit 5 DISPLAY | LAST THIS NEXT YEAR {YEAR | YEAR ae re | 13 | 174 | 115 | C76) | CTT) | 178) | 79] 180] 182 Example 2 Pt Example 2 i > Exemple 3 i —— 1 1, Téng Shdowén | —p > ! 2. Wi gh@ohan >! 3. 88ng Bkolén lai 4. Siang Shimin 1 5. Yang xif2ng : > 6. HG Hutrén I> 1. Si MBLIng >! 8. Mo Bingying +> ! ' 132 BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 2 In this exercise you will practice giving the names of the months. A government official has a list of people. He knows only vhether they have lived in BEijing, are there nov, or will come there. He needs to know the month in vhich each person came or is expected to come and ‘the month in which each left or is expected to leave. ‘As he reads each name from his list, you, his assistant, will give him the information from the records. Display II represents the informs- tion in the records. An arrow indicates each person's stay in BEijing. Instead of referring to the previous month, the present month, and the following month by name, use the following expressions: shangge yié (last month) zhdige ytd (this month) xidge yd (next month) DISPLAY II LAST THIS WE PONTE MONTH ONTH, Jan [Fed Mar [apr (Way) |(Jun) [(JuL) Jaug |Sep [oct |Wov Dec HOW t 1. thio Yifing ? T 1 2. cai Shiying > ' 3. LAG Détén +t is 1 4, Ling Dat \ 1 5. Mo Déxtén t { {| | > 6, Zhu Zhiyuin t > 1. Mi Wine 1|—o 8. Gud Zigifng > i ' t 133 BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 3 In this exercise your responses will include the days of the week and the days of the month. A hotel maneger is asking clerk about the guests! arrival and departure Gates. Display III presents the information available to the clerk. Answer the questions before the clerk does; listen to his answers; and repeat them. Be sure to use "the day before yesterday," "yesterday," "today," "tomorrow," and "the day after tomorrow" when talking about those dates. DISPLAY IIL Hl | pu ¥ a S 3 g 2 #E 211 (22) (23) (24)| (25)] (26) 28 | 29) 30] 31 M(t) (Ww) | (tm) (F) [(s) MT |e |r| HOW | | : 1/Sin Zhénhan > 1 ' 2/MBo Minzhén 1 3/BGi Kutrén + > ' 4/shi Guéquén I I 5/G&o Bingying 1 6/Jiang Shiying| > 1 T/Ouyfing Chéng +> ' 8/Lub Déxién —+ > 1 9/Bao Méiling ' i 23h BIO Workbook, Unit 5 EXERCISE 4 Your responses will include birthplaces and full birth date A government official needs this information about several people. As he reads each name, his assistant first tells him that person's birthplace and then adds the full date of birth. (The information is in Display IV.) After hearing each name, give that person's birthplace, listen to the assistant, and repeat her answer. Then give that person's full date of birth, listen to the assistant, and repeat her answer. Exampl Sin Ruiming ne? ‘T& shi 281 Shanxi shéngde. hi Yijitisinviinién vilyié 11dhao shéngde. DISPLAY IV NAME ‘PLACE OF BIRTH DATE OF BIRTH Sin Ruining Shiinxi Wey 6, 1935 Wing Méiréng Bénin September 28, 1934 ‘Zhang Hourén ‘Hébei November 7, 1941 Hé Guinghuf Shandéng July 1, 1920 thi Xtdmés Fajdan August 19, 1953 135