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Grade Level: 8 Unit: Geometry (Reasoning) Date: February 19-23 2018

Content Standard: The learner demonstrates understanding key concepts of logic and reasoning.
Performance Standard: The learner is able to communicate mathematical thinking with coherence and clarity in
formulating and analyzing arguments.
At the end of the lesson the learner  M8GE-IIh-1
 Uses inductive or deductive reasoning in an argument.  M8GE-III-j-1
 Writes a proof (both direction and indirect)  M8GE-IIIa-1
Learning Target/s:
a. Use inductive or deductive reasoning in an argument, and
b. Write a proof, both direct and indirect.

Day 1 (Explore)
Why on why?
Select a partner and answer each item.
1. Look carefully at figures, what is next?
2. Study the pattern. Draw the next figure.

3. My mathematics teacher is strict.

My previous mathematics teacher was strict.


Tita’s mathematics teacher is strict too.
Tita’s previous mathematics teacher was also strict.
What can you say about mathematics teacher?

4. 1 x 10 = 1
2 x 10 = 20
3 x 10 = 30
4 x 10 = 40
5 x 10 = 50
24 x 10 = 240
2345 x 10

5. Every time time Jackie visits her doctor, she receives excellent services. With this she believes that
________________________________________________.
Discuss the following questions with your partner
 How did you arrive at your answer?
 Did you agree at once on your answer?
 Were there arguments between you and your partner?
 What you have experienced in inductive reasoning. Give 3 examples of inductive reasoning.
 Based on the activity, what is inductive reasoning?
Day 2 (Firm)
Complete the table below

Statement Conclusion
1. Filipinos are hospitable.
Bonifacio is Filipno
2. If points are collinear, then they lie on the
same plane.
Points R, M, and N are collinear.
3. A quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides.
A parallelogram is quadrilateral.
4. Smoking can cause cancer.
Tomas smokes.
5. An angle is acute if its measure is between 0
and 90.
Angle B is acute.

Process Question:
 Can you give the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning.
The parts of deductive reasoning are:
 Hypothesis – the statement which is accepted or known at the beginning.
 Conclusion – the statement drawn from the hypothesis.

Exercise 3. Draw a conclusion from each given situation and identify the kind of reasoning used.

1. 5 , 10, 15, 20. The next number is _____________________.


2. Coplanar points are points on the same plane. X , Y, Z are coplanar.
Therefore, __________________.
3. A regular polygon is equilateral. BELEN is a regular pentagon.
Therefore, __________________.
4. A child’s teacher in pre – school was a female. In his grades 1 and 2, his teachers were both female. The child
may say that ___________________________.
5. Filipinos are peace loving people. Julia is a Filipino. Therefore ____________________

Activity 3: Lets Conclude

A. Supply the conclusion for the given hypothesis.


1. If ∠ 1 ≅ ∠ 2, then __________________.
2. If AB = CE, then ____________________.
3. If ∠ 𝐵 and ∠ 𝐸 complementary, then _________________.
4. If 𝑚 ∠ 3 + 𝑚∠ 5 = 180, then _____________.
5. If ∠𝐴 𝑎𝑛𝑑 ∠ 𝑋 form a linear pair, then _______________.
B. Supply a valid conclusion for the given hypothesis on the first blank and the corresponding reason on the
second blank.
6. If ∠ 𝐵 is a right angle,
then ________________.
7. If 𝑚∠ 3 + 𝑚∠ 4
then ________________.
8. If PM bisects ∠ 𝐴𝑃𝑂,
then ________________.
9. If BP ⊥ BC,
then ________________.
10. If ∆𝐵𝑂𝑆 is isosceles,
then ________________.

Recall the undefined terms, definitions and postulates we have discussed. You will be using them in the next lesson.

Day 3 – 4 (Firm up/Deepen)

Complete the reasons for each of the following proofs.


1. If 3x – 5 = 10, then x = 5
Given: 3x – 5 = 10
Prove: x = 5
Statements Reasons
3x – 5 = 10
3x = 15
X=5
2. If 2(x - 6) = 10. Then x = 11.
Given: 2(x - 6) = 10
Prove: x = 11
Statements Reasons
2(x-6) = 10
2x – 12 = 10
2x = 22
X = 11
3. If 4(2x + 3) = 28, then x = 2
Given: 4(2x + 3) = 28
Prove: x = 2
Statements Reasons
4(2x + 3) = 28
8x + 12 = 28
8x = 16
X=2

Day 4 (Deepen)

What I learned so far….

Valuing:
1. In case of making decision in life what are your bases for your decisions.
2. Connect this to inductive and deductive reasoning

Prepared by:
Checked by: Submitted to:
Ian Lawrence C. Mallari
Ms. Arlette M. Ramos Mrs. Imelda T. Lampazo
Helen V. Lopez
Math Coordinator HS Principal
Ma. Jona C. Melano