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CIVIL SOCIETY &

SOCIAL
MOVEMENTS
WHAT IS
CIVIL
SOCIETY?
Civil Society is the
aggregate of non-
governmental
organizations and
institutions that manifest
interest and will of citizens.
• Non-Governmetal Aid
Organization (NGO's) provide
assistance to people for a little
or no fee. NGO's fall into the
category of civil society
because they are not operated
by the government.
ROLE OF
CIVIL
SOCIETY
• Civil Society as an instrument for
securing rights and interest at the
people:
- Civil Society works for discharging several
economic, social, cultural, moral and other
responsibilities which fall in the domain of
private activities.

• Growing Strength as Role of Civi


Society in our country:
- In our country the civil society has been
• Need of Civil Society in undemocratic
states:
- Civil Society needed in an authoritarian system
because of overthrow of authoritarian regime
and replace it with a democratic system.
WHAT IS
SOCIAL
MOVEMENT?
• Social Movements are
large informal groupings
of individuals or
organizations which
focus on specific political
or social issues.
• Cultural Anthropologist David F.
Aberle identified four kinds of Social
Movements.

- Alternative Social Movement


- Redemptive Social Movement
- Reformative Social Movement
- Revolutionary Social Movement
•Alternative Social
Movement- are at
the individual level
and advocate for
minor change.
Redemptive Social
Movement- are at the
individual level and
advocate radical changes.
•.
•Reformative Social
Movement- occur at a
broader group or
societal level and
advocate for minor
changes.
•Revolutionary Social
Movement- occur at a
broader group or
societal level and
advocate for radical
change.